Lumbago - the first spring flower
In early spring, after dull winter landscapes, the eye craves fresh greenery so much that primroses seem to be the most beautiful flowers on earth. One of these long-awaited plants is lumbago, the delicate buds of which appear when there are still islands of snow on the site.
Backache in your garden - description
Lumbago flowers are small bright bells of red, purple, cream or white. In nature, there are whole lawns of these primroses - such bright green rugs with numerous bells. The lumbago is unpretentious, so it is not difficult to grow it in a personal or summer cottage.
In the photo: Yellow lumbago
Lumbago is a herbaceous perennial from the Buttercup family reaching a height of 30 cm. The people call the plant "sleep-grass", "anemone" or "pulsatilla". The lumbago has a long, vertical and powerful enough rhizome for such a small plant, which allows it to fix on rocky slopes and painlessly endure a short drought. The stems of the pulsatilla are erect, sometimes slightly curved, in most cases covered with short white hairs. The leaves are deep green, and the cozy flowers are covered with fluffy pile. After the end of the flowering period, fruits that resemble nuts are formed on the plant.
In the photo: Flowering lumbago
Lumbago is surrounded by many secrets and legends. According to one of them, the dried flower of this plant protects from all demons.
Growing primrose - another early spring flower
Most often, the sleep-grass propagates by seeds, since adult plants are difficult to tolerate the division of the rhizome and cuttings. Only freshly harvested seeds are used for sowing. They are sown outdoors in late spring or early summer.
In the photo: Growing lumbago from seeds
Some gardeners prefer to first grow seedlings at home, and then plant them in the garden. At the beginning of spring, lumbago seeds are kept in water for a day: swelling allows you to accelerate the process of emergence. Then the seeds are sown in a pre-prepared container on the surface of a well-moistened substrate without sealing. For germination, shoot seeds need sunlight and heat, so the crops are covered with glass or a plastic bag to create a greenhouse effect and placed on a well-lit windowsill or in a greenhouse. Make sure that the soil does not dry out and promptly remove condensation from the coating.
In the photo: Sowing lumbago on seedlings
Proper care and compliance with all the rules will allow you to get lumbago shoots in a couple of weeks. With the appearance of three leaves, the seedlings are transplanted into open ground. This usually happens in late spring. By this time, a strong root system is formed in the dream-grass.
In the photo: Landing lumbago in the ground
The area for the lumbago should be light, with a light shadow: it is with such lighting that the flowering of the dream-grass will be bright. Rainwater should not linger in the soil, otherwise the root system will start to rot. Artificial watering is needed for the plant only during the rooting period. Periodically, the soil around the bushes must be loosened. Another advantage of the lumbago is its resistance to diseases and pests.
How to grow your own snowdrops - and we don't break the law
You will learn how to properly sow and grow lumbago in the garden from the following video:
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Categories: Garden plants Perennials Herbaceous Flowering Honey plants Buttercup
Tips for caring for sleep-grass (lumbago)
Sleep-grass, or lumbago, is one of the most interesting spring species. It differs from other early plants in the peculiarity of giving flower stalks long before the appearance of the first leaves. They can be recognized by their purple buds on the mountain slopes after the snow melts. The lumbago belongs to the family of anemones. The description of this flower is in the Red Book, since it is rare and endangered. Many enthusiastic gardeners grow sleepy grass on their plots.
A natural "fur coat" of hairs helps the plant to endure spring frosts and unstable weather. The petals of the sleep-grass are pubescent. In the early days of flowering, purple buds are almost invisible - they are formed very close to the ground. But after a week, the stem is pulled out.
For many, sleep-grass is associated with mysticism. It is believed that this plant is capable of warding off evil spirits, helping to attract good luck and money. According to legends, if you put a lumbago under your pillow, you can get rid of insomnia and anxiety. During a long walk in the places where the flower grows, it begins to intoxicate and sleepy.
Another name for lumbago is pulsatilla. Translated from Latin, it means "to call". The flowers of the dream-grass resemble small bells. The plant is a perennial. It reaches a height of about 30 cm. The stem is dense, green, the petals of the flower are purple with different shades and a white halo. The root system is represented by one straight root deeply embedded in the ground.
Lumbago grows poorly in the beds, preferring free natural natural space. Most often it can be found in Siberia, where the dream-grass is called snowdrop or primrose. But gardeners have learned to use this plant in landscaping. There are about 40 types of sleep grass. For the summer cottage and flower beds, frost-resistant, unpretentious garden hybrids are chosen. Of the most common varieties, Spring and Ordinary lumbago are noted. They are the most resistant to climate change and easily take root in the garden.
Growing pulsatilla is possible only from seeds. Trying to transplant a flower from the wild into your garden plot is not worth it. The root system of the plant is very delicate and easily damaged if they try to dig it up. The lumbago transplant does not tolerate well and often dies. If you sow sleep grass seeds, then flowering can be expected only after 3-4 years.
The best time to plant sleep grass seeds is from March to April. For this, a container with a substrate is prepared, which should consist of compost soil, peat and sand. It is important that the soil is loose. Seeds are sown at a distance of 5-8 cm from each other, the substrate is moistened from a spray bottle with the addition of complex fertilizer. The container is covered with foil or glass to create favorable conditions, preserve water in the soil and a special microclimate.
Sleep-grass seedlings are very tender and with a thin stem, which is often affected by a black leg. For high-quality and disease-resistant seedlings, a temperature of about +26 degrees Celsius, moderate humidity and good soil looseness are required.
The lumbago is transplanted into separate cups or peat pots when 3-4 true leaves appear on the young plant. Until August-September, the pulsatilla should get stronger, after which it can be transferred to the garden to a permanent place.
After planting in open ground, it is necessary to provide the young plant with a sufficient amount of fertilizer. The lumbago responds very well to the introduction of lime and nitrogen. If autumn is dry, then additional soil moisture is possible.
Sleep-grass tolerates winter in the garden perfectly, you do not need to cover it with anything (except for planting the first season, which is best hidden under spruce branches).
Basic care is as follows:
- regular weeding
- watering (for adult plants - rare, for young plants - frequent)
- mulching (necessary to protect the root from hot sunlight and dry out the soil).
The place for the lumbago is chosen bright, open. Ideally, if there is a small slope to the south. Dark and damp areas will not work. Pulsatilla looks great on alpine slides, the flower looks beautiful in combination with other early plants, flower beds, borders, mixborders are decorated with it. It goes well with crocuses, primroses, tulips. The bright shade of the lumbago is favorably set off by green curb grass and undersized shrubs. In one place, the dream-grass grows up to 20 years.
Reproduction of pulsatilla is possible by seeds or young seedlings. Adult plants are not divided by the bush, since the vertical root of the lumbago goes deep into the ground and even with the most careful movement it is easy to damage it. In May, they prepare a permanent place, treat it with a fungicide so that young seedlings are not affected by pests and diseases, and sow seeds. Before planting, the material is treated with a growth stimulator.
- shallow grooves are made in the garden bed (no more than 0.5 cm)
- sow seeds
- sprinkle with a small amount of sand
- moisten superficially from a spray bottle
- cover with transparent film.
From time to time, it is raised to provide oxygen access to the soil and ventilation. From seeds collected from adult plants, you can get good seedlings, while their germination is maintained for 2-3 years. At the end of summer, when it gets stronger, it can be thinned out, leaving about 40 cm between the shoots. Garden hybrids bloom for the 2nd year. If you buy seeds of mountain varieties in the store, such a dream-grass for the first time will bloom no earlier than after 3-4 seasons.
The difficulty in growing sleep-grass lies in the frequent infection with a black leg, while it is not the flower itself that suffers, but the green part of the lumbago - the leaves and stem. To keep the plant safe, you need to regularly treat the soil with a fungicide. This is done at least once a month. Rodents often attack the root of the pulsatilla. To combat them, you can use the poisons "Amus" and "Tornado".
With high soil moisture, the plant can be eaten by slugs. Insecticides "Slug-Eater" and "Thunderstorm" will help to save the sleep-grass.
Observing the rules for the care and reproduction of lumbago, you can get a beautiful flower bed with bright flowering on your garden plot.
The main garden types of lumbago
There are 45 species of lumbago in the genus. Among gardeners, only a few of them are common:
- Common lumbago (anemone cross-shaped). The flowers are bell-shaped, blue, bloom before the leaves appear. Blooms in April. Winter-hardy up to -23 degrees. It has numerous forms and varieties.
- Alpine backache (Rulsatilla alpina (L.) Delarb.) - blooms with large white or yellow flowers from May to August. Plant up to 20 cm tall. Homeland - the highlands of Central and Southern Europe.
- Lumbago white (R. alba) - found in the alpine belt of the mountains of Central and Eastern Europe. The flower is white with a bluish highlight on the outside of the petals. The diameter of the flower is 3-3.5 cm.The height of the root rosette of the leaves is up to 10 cm, the peduncle is up to 20-25 cm.
- Spring lumbago (P. vernalis (L.) Mill.), Characterized by short stature (no higher than 15 cm) and capriciousness. Flowers are single, bell-shaped, up to 4 cm in diameter, white inside, light purple outside, bloom in the second half of May and bloom for 20-25 days. In nature, it grows on grassy sunny heights, as well as in rare pine forests.
fertile, medium fertility, drained, neutral, alkaline
direct sunlight, scattered sunlight
Dream-grass, or lumbago, blooms along with the earliest primroses, blooms for a long time, and then decorates the garden with its fruits until the end of summer.
Genus lumbago(Pulsatilla) is quite numerous. There are more than 30 types of them in the CIS alone. Almost all types of lumbago are plants of mountains, rocky or high places, drained, well lit and warmed up. Although they can be found in forests, and in the steppes, and even in the tundra. But even spring lumbagoand disclosedgrowing in forests prefer edges or sparse pine forests. And almost all of them grow on calcareous soils. Bloom in late spring.
All types of lumbago are suitable for the middle lane. Almost all of them are very decorative and durable. These are perennial, long-lived plants with a long rhizome, often heavily pubescent. Openwork leaves are collected in a rosette. Flowers bloom before or at the same time as foliage, always solitary, large, wide open or bell-shaped.
Any lumbago will become a pearl of the garden, be it an exotic species or a popular variety. The variety of colors of flowers of different species is amazing. They can be blue, purple, white, pink, red, yellow and brownish, almost black.
But it's worth starting, of course, with the most common ones. Here the undisputed superiority for the European ordinary lumbago(Pulsatilla vulgaris). It forms powerful, up to half a meter in diameter, multi-headed bushes, which give out whole fountains of flowers in May. There can be as many as a hundred of them on an adult bush! Peduncles and leaves develop at the same time, and the flowers open gradually, which is why the flowering is stretched and may end in June. Very often there are flowers and fruits on the bush. Repeated weak flowering is generally characteristic of this genus.
Lumbago do not like stagnant water in the soil and transplants with bare roots. They reproduce well by seeds. They usually bloom 3-4 years after sowing. Their seeds are light-sensitive, therefore they require shallow planting.
Maximum lighting, no water stagnation, deeply cultivated, loose nutritious soil are required.
Only young plants need watering.
With excessive dampness, rot damage is possible.
The greatest harm is caused by mice, gnawing a powerful and succulent root collar in large bushes in winter.
Flowers for a spring flower bed - lumbago
Somewhere April jokes, teases with warmth, but we already have spring in all seriousness! All day with a hoe in an embrace, fighting weeds. And they, you know, grow by leaps and bounds in the spring. During these troubles I almost forgot to tell you about another wonderful plant that adorns my garden - common lumbago (Pulsatílla vulgáris).
Raised it from seed. I will not say that this process was particularly successful: out of 46, 1 rose (thanks for this, it happened worse). On the package it was written that t + 20-25 ° C is favorable for the growth of seedlings, so the seedling spent the whole summer in a room, on the street it would simply burn out from the heat. In October, I planted it in open ground. I chose a place in the garden to provide him with partial shade in summer. Lumbago does not like stagnation of water at the roots, therefore, in the planting hole, she arranged a drainage from expanded clay. The seedling endured the transshipment perfectly, it bloomed over the winter too, and bloomed in early spring! A little more than a year has passed from the moment the seeds were soaked (02.11g) to the beginning of flowering (04.12g). Since then, it has been growing in a permanent place, every year there are more and more flowers, although the bush has not grown much in breadth. Caring for it is minimal, weeding and watering, and admiring the flowering, if the spring is mild, can be more than a month.
Once a friend asked how long he stood in the cut? I don’t know, I’ve never tried it. It is a pity to deprive the garden of such beauty, well, how long it will stand in a vase, 3-4 days, or even less.
People call this flower a dream-grass and endow it with magical properties, the essence of which is protection from all evil. And he can also decorate a pharmaceutical garden, since it has medicinal properties, but you need to collect raw materials with care - the plant is poisonous.
Today it is difficult to find common lumbago in nature, it disappears and is even listed in the Red Book. But after all, each of us is quite capable of planting it in our flowerbed, we will do something nice for ourselves and help to preserve the look. Can we help together?
Most primroses are bulbous ephemeroids. To the question of which herbaceous plant blooms first, the answer comes as early as May: this is a mother-and-stepmother. The Latin name of this species (Tussilágo) literally means "to banish cough" - since ancient times people have valued it for its medicinal properties.This is a perennial plant of a discreet yellow color, outwardly similar to an ordinary dandelion. It is remarkable in that the flowers appear on it before the leaves, which grow back after the end of flowering and fruiting.
Other May flowers are also noteworthy.... Their list includes many well-known species, including the following plants:
- lilies of the valley
- dicenter, or broken heart.
A plant like a tulip is familiar to almost everyone. Its decorative versions are widely used by gardeners around the world, but there is also a wild forest tulip that blooms much earlier than its domesticated counterparts. In total, there are about a hundred varieties of this flower.
Grown varieties of tulips come in a variety of shapes and colors: terry, fringed, lily-like, all shades of yellow, orange, red and pink, greenish, white, covered with variegated patterns - and this is not a complete list.
Other well-known garden plants that bloom in late spring are peonies. They are appreciated by summer residents not only for their flowers, but also for their beautiful lush leaves, and in some varieties, even decorative fruits. Peony varieties differ in color, color tone, flower structure, height, size, flowering duration. There are also about 20 wild representatives of these plants, including the Wittmann peony and the duck peony.
Plants growing by themselves are far from being as bright and lush as the varieties bred by man, but they are not devoid of their special beauty. Less noticeable outwardly May colors include, for example, spring adonis is a representative of the buttercup family with several stems and large golden-yellow flowers.
It grows in the Crimea, the Urals and Western Siberia; it is also very rare in Germany and Switzerland, where it is protected as an endangered species. Various parts of this plant are widely used in medicine, but you should be very careful with it - like many buttercups, adonis is poisonous.
Another plant in May is the dicentra, which is also called "broken heart". And for a reason - her numerous pink flowers are really very similar to hearts. This plant grows up to 80 cm tall, is quite light-loving, but it can grow in the shade - then flowering will last longer, but it will begin later and the buds will not be so lush. It usually opens its buds from early May to mid-June, after which it falls asleep, but sometimes it blooms again from August to September. Due to its fragile roots located close to the surface of the earth, special care must be taken when replanting the plant.
Primroses in the garden
Due to their unpretentiousness, beautiful and delicate primroses, photos, names and descriptions of which are found in many gardening reference books, have become popular in the design of personal and summer cottages. Due to their short flowering period, several species can be planted in one place at once and enjoy different compositions of these flowers, most of which are not very noticeable singly.
Since the first flowers are mostly ephemeroids, after flowering, you can immediately plant one-year-old flowers to replace them - the underground bulbs will have enough watering and fertilizers that new plants receive. Different species can grow in one place without transplanting from 4-5 to 10 years. These plants reproduce in two ways: by dividing the bulb and by seeds, while the specimens grown from the seeds will begin to bloom only after 3-4 years. Some species require special care before the onset of cold weather, while others, such as iridodictium, need to be dug up for the whole summer.
Most often, in plantings in one area, several varieties of primroses are combined or varieties of the same species, different in color, are used. These representatives of flora look especially beautiful in the design of alpine slides and rockeries, where the contrast between fragile, delicate flowers and strict stones stands out, but they will also serve as a good decoration for an ordinary lawn.
In a meadow, a flower bed or a summer cottage, primroses do not cease to please the eye, enlivening the snowy landscape while the rest of nature is still sleeping. These beautiful representatives of the flora have rightfully won the hearts of many gardeners and simply nature lovers, because they are not only beautiful in appearance, but also mark the end of winter, which will inevitably be followed by spring, and with it the warmth so necessary for all living things.
Favorite flower of spring - lumbago
Well, finally, my lumbago begins to bloom.
Lumbago. Photo dated May 14.
As far back as I can remember, in childhood we all called it "dream-grass" or simply snowdrop, since these flowers really emerged in the taiga very first.
I heard the name "lumbago" in my youth, when I studied at the institute.
My childhood was spent in Eastern Siberia, in the north of the Irkutsk region, on the border with Yakutia. There spring came in June ... :)
And one of the clearest memories - with bouquets of lumbago, high school girls came to the last call.
I came to Vladivostok after graduation, and since then I have been here.
It was then a discovery for me that completely different flowers are called snowdrops here ... :(
And my beloved was not shot at all. Those. absolutely. Grandmothers did not sell in the markets, children along the road were selling bouquets of completely different primroses ... Not once, for many years, I have not seen these flowers in Primorye.
But now, 9 years ago, my husband and I purchased a plot and began to slowly build a house (he) and plant a garden (me). :) Naturally, I began to go to markets, fairs, exhibitions, take an interest in seedlings, seedlings and perennial flowers.
And so, at one of the spring fairs in the botanical garden, I suddenly saw HIM! My REAL snowdrop. :) I apologize to all residents of Primorye, but childhood impressions are the strongest. And for me, Snowdrop for the rest of my life will be exactly the lumbago. It just so happened. :)
I bought several dead "tails", planted them very carefully in my flower bed, and mulched them over.
Of course, in the first year he did not bloom, he increased the "green mass".
But the next, I already saw the flowers. :) They are still small, modest.
3 years have passed since then. He liked me. It grows, practically "spikes". :)
Already with all the acquaintances who wanted to start it too, I shared the seeds. And even dug out plots, because it grows so much that at times it strives to strangle the blue Christmas tree growing nearby.
Lumbago - on the left, almost faded.
In the last photo, the lumbago has already faded, but it is still decorative, due to the "fluffy" - seed pods and lush green leaves.
Here, in Primorye, it begins to blossom earlier than in Siberia. :) Since about the middle of May I have been admiring my "snowdrop". :)