Various

Chard - Beta vulgaris

Chard - Beta vulgaris


Swiss chard

Chard, common name for beta vulgaris vulgaris, is an edible plant belonging to the Chenopodiacee family. It is widespread in Mediterranean areas and its cultivation is particularly recommended for areas with a temperate climate. The common chard, with a bitter taste and dark green color, is also called chard. It has particular forked tap roots and not too big dimensions. The cultivation takes place mainly to produce the leaves, which are then used in food only for what concerns the part of the coasts. Its nutritional values ​​are contained in the abundant presence of vitamins and fibers, in addition to folic acid and mineral salts. The most nutritious part is made up of the leaves with a typical dark green color, rich in vitamins but also in carotene, which is important among other things for the health of the skin. Swiss chard does not have great demands in terms of climatic conditions. In the spring season it is easy, in case of lower temperatures than normal, that the plant mounts to seed.


Ground

The chard grows easily in many and different types of soil, as long as they are abundantly rich in organic matter, which are also sufficiently drained and deep. We also recommend a Ph of the soil that lies between the values ​​7 and 7.5.

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Cultivation

Sowing is to be carried out between March and August, or in the open field, in a seedbed, or directly planted by placing the seed in special postarelle that are spaced about 25 centimeters in the same row and at least 40 centimeters between the several rows. As regards sowing carried out in early months, such as in February, it is advisable to proceed with a seedbed protected by a tunnel or a bed at a temperate temperature. On the other hand, it is not advisable to proceed with sowing in the months with the coldest temperatures, since the bitter cold leads the beet in the phases of the first development to mount to seed approximately after the first year of life. Also check the growth of the plant because the thinning will be carried out when the small plants have differentiated the fifth leaf. The transplant operations are carried out when the plants have reached a height of about 15 centimeters. In order to grant better conditions for the recovery of small seedlings, it is advisable to trim the leaves just before burying. In this phase of the operations the plants are to be placed at a distance of about half a meter between the different rows and about 40 centimeters apart on the same row.


Parasites

Chard has various pathologies on which to intervene to avoid serious damage to the plant. The most dangerous enemies for our green plant, a noble source of vitamins and iron, are nematodes: annoying very small larvae that attack the roots causing irreparable damage to the upper part of the plant, such as withering. In the event of a massive attack they can seriously damage more than three quarters of the crop and therefore pose a ferocious threat to the plant. Nematodes must be fought using predatory fungi, able to defeat them.

The other most fearsome enemies of beets are the so-called "earth fleas" or "altic fleas" that lurk, in their winter, among the tufts of grass or among the stones or at the bases of the trunks of the trees and their appearance occurs in the spring season, particularly in April. The earth fleas unleash their terrible attack especially on the damage of the younger leaves, working to dig small holes. However, their attack affects only the lower page of the leaves, however causing the upper page to dry out as well. To avoid the proliferation of these annoying fleas it is good to limit the dryness of the soil, proceeding with an effective prevention mulch. While to counteract the flea infestation it is useful to spread wormwood, tansy infusion or even pyrethrum on the plants.


Collection

After three months from the sowing phase, the harvest can take place, starting from the outer leaves which have a larger size. It is advisable to repair the plant in the harshest seasons with straw. However, chard has excellent resistance and withstands winters easily, requiring only small protection interventions.


Chard: Fertilization

Excellent manure or compost, not too mature. No to the abuse of nitrogen fertilizers for the plant's ability to assimilate nitrates.



Chard, Chard - Beta vulgaris

Beta vulgaris, also called chard, are vegetable plants and are grown both for the green part and for the thicker central part, called the coast. Both are mainly consumed cooked.

Beta vulgaris is native to the Mediterranean basin. It has a two-year vegetative cycle, in horticultural crops it is considered annual if only the aerial part is consumed, while in industrial agricultural cultivation, the harvest takes place in the second year, when the roots, reached full development, are sent to the sugar factories for the sugar extraction.

There chard it has a herbaceous stem, large intense green leaves, with developed, tender and fleshy central veins.

It is formed by one or more stems, first erected and then folded on the ground.


Chard - Beta vulgaris - garden

Species on this page ( TO = names approved by most authorities, s = approved as synonyms):

  • Beta bengalensis Roxb. ->Beta vulgarisL. subsp. maritima (L.) Arcang.
  • Beta esculenta Salisb. ->Beta vulgarisL. subsp. vulgaris ( Conditive Group)
  • Beta hortensis Miller ->Beta vulgarisL. subsp. cycle (L.) W. D. J. Koch
  • Beta macrocarpaGuss.TO
  • Beta maritima L. ->Beta vulgarisL. subsp. maritima (L.) Arcang.
  • Beta orientalis Roth. ->Beta vulgarisL. subsp. maritima (L.) Arcang.
  • Beta turnip Dumort. ->Beta vulgarisL. subsp. vulgarisTO
  • Beta trigynaWaldst. & Kit.
  • Beta vulgaris L. cv. conditive Alef. ->Beta vulgarisL. subsp. vulgaris ( Conditive Group)
  • Beta vulgaris L. cv. saccharifera Alef. ->Beta vulgarisL. subsp. vulgaris ( Very high Group)
  • Beta vulgaris L. subsp. cycle (L.) W. D. J. Koch
  • Beta vulgaris L. subsp. cycle (L.) W. D. J. Koch ( Cycle Group)
  • Beta vulgaris L. subsp. cycle (L.) W. D. J. Koch ( Flavescens Group)
  • Betavulgaris L. subsp. cycle (L.) W. D. J. Koch var. cycle L. ->Beta vulgaris L. subsp. cycle (L.) W. D. J. Koch ( Cycle Group)
  • Betavulgaris L. subsp. cycle (L.) W. D. J. Koch var. flavescens (Lam.) AD. ->Beta vulgaris L. subsp. cycle (L.) W. D. J. Koch ( Flavescens Group)
  • Beta vulgaris L. subsp. esculenta Coutinho ->Beta vulgarisL. subsp. vulgaris ( Conditive Group)
  • Beta vulgaris L. subsp. flavescens Lam. ->Beta vulgarisL. subsp.vulgaris(FlavescensGroup)TO
  • Beta vulgaris L. subsp. lomatogonoides Aellen Information needed
  • Beta vulgaris L. subsp. macrocarpa (Guss.) Thell. ->Beta macrocarpaGuss.
  • Beta vulgarisL. subsp. maritima (L.) Arcang.
  • Beta vulgaris L. subsp. maritima (L.) Thell. ->Beta vulgarisL. subsp. maritima (L.) Arcang.
  • Beta vulgaris L. subsp. maritima (L.) Thell. var. macrocarpa (Guss.) Moq. ->Beta macrocarpaGuss.
  • Beta vulgaris L. subsp. orientalis (Roth.) Aellen ->Beta vulgarisL. subsp. maritima (L.) Arcang.
  • Beta vulgaris L. subsp. perennis (L.) Aellen ->Beta vulgarisL. subsp. maritima (L.) Arcang.
  • Beta vulgaris L. subsp. rapacea (Koch) Döll. ->Beta vulgarisL. subsp. vulgaris ( Crassa Group)
  • Beta vulgarisL. subsp.vulgaris
  • Beta vulgarisL. subsp.vulgaris(Very highGroup)TO
  • Beta vulgarisL. subsp.vulgaris(CycleGroup)TO
  • Beta vulgarisL. subsp.vulgaris(ConditiveGroup)TO
  • Beta vulgarisL. subsp.vulgaris(CrassaGroup)TO
  • Beta vulgarisL. subsp.vulgaris(FlavescensGroup)TO
  • Betavulgaris L. subsp. vulgaris ( Fodder Beet Group) ->Beta vulgarisL. subsp.vulgaris(CrassaGroup)TO
  • Betavulgaris L. subsp. vulgaris ( Garden Beet Group) ->Beta vulgarisL. subsp.vulgaris(ConditiveGroup)TO
  • Betavulgaris L. subsp. vulgaris ( Spinach Beet Group) ->Beta vulgarisL. subsp.vulgaris(CycleGroup)TO
  • Betavulgaris L. subsp. vulgaris ( Sugar Beet Group) ->Beta vulgarisL. subsp.vulgaris(Very highGroup)TO
  • Betavulgaris L. subsp. vulgaris ( Swiss Chard Group) ->Beta vulgarisL. subsp.vulgaris(FlavescensGroup)TO
  • Beta vulgaris L. subsp. vulgaris convar. cycle (L.) Alef. ->Beta vulgarisL. subsp. cycle (L.) W. D. J. Koch ( Cycle Group)
  • Beta vulgaris L. subsp. vulgaris var. very high Döll ->Beta vulgarisL. subsp. vulgaris ( Very high Group)
  • Beta vulgaris L. subsp. vulgaris var. cycle L. ->Beta vulgarisL. subsp. cycle (L.) W. D. J. Koch ( Cycle Group)
  • Beta vulgaris L. subsp. vulgaris var. lutea A.D. ->Beta vulgaris L. subsp. vulgaris ( Conditive Group - Lutea Subgroup)
  • Beta vulgaris L. subsp. vulgaris var. rapacea K. Koch ->Beta vulgarisL. subsp. vulgaris ( Crassa Group)
  • Beta vulgaris L. subsp. vulgaris var. vulgaris ->Beta vulgarisL. subsp. vulgaris ( Conditive Group)
  • Betavulgaris L. var. bengalensis Roxb. nom. illeg. ->Beta vulgarisL. subsp. maritima (L.) Arcang.
  • Beta vulgaris L. var. cycle L. ->Beta vulgarisL. subsp. cycle (L.) W. D. J. Koch ( Cycle Group)
  • Beta vulgaris L. var. conditive Alef. ->Beta vulgarisL. subsp. vulgaris ( Conditive Group)
  • Beta vulgaris L. var. crassa (Alef.) A. Voss. ->Beta vulgarisL. subsp. vulgaris ( Crassa Group)
  • Beta vulgaris L. var. crassa (Alef.) Wittm. ->Beta vulgarisL. subsp. vulgaris ( Crassa Group)
  • Beta vulgaris L. var. crassa Mansf. ->Beta vulgarisL. subsp. vulgaris ( Crassa Group)
  • Beta vulgaris L. var. bloody hort. ->Beta vulgarisL. subsp. vulgaris ( Conditive Group)
  • Beta vulgaris L. var. esculenta L. ->Beta vulgarisL. subsp. vulgaris ( Conditive Group)
  • Beta vulgaris L. var. flavescens (Lam.) Lam. ->Beta vulgarisL. subsp. cycle (L.) W. D. J. Koch ( Flavescens Group)
  • Beta vulgaris L. var. foliosa (Ehrenberg) Ascherson & Schweinfurth Information needed
  • Beta vulgaris L. var. foliosa Aellen ->Beta vulgarisL. subsp. maritima (L.) Arcang.
  • Beta vulgaris L. var. lutea A.D. ->Beta vulgaris L. subsp. vulgaris ( Conditive Group - Lutea Subgroup) ? ->Beta vulgarisL. subsp. vulgaris ( Very high Group)?
  • Beta vulgaris L. var. macrocarpa (Guss.) Moq. ->Beta macrocarpaGuss.
  • Beta vulgaris L. var. maritima (L.) Moq. ->Beta vulgarisL. subsp. maritima (L.) Arcang.
  • Beta vulgaris L. var. orientalis (Roth) Moq. ->Beta vulgarisL. subsp. maritima (L.) Arcang.
  • Beta vulgaris L. var. perennis L. ->Beta vulgarisL. subsp. maritima (L.) Arcang.
  • Beta vulgaris L. var. turnip Dum. ->Beta vulgarisL. subsp. vulgaris ( Conditive Group)
  • Beta vulgaris L. var. turnip Dum. f. Sunrise ->Beta vulgarisL. subsp. vulgaris ( Crassa Group)
  • Beta vulgaris L. var. turnip Dum. f. rubra ->Beta vulgarisL. subsp. vulgaris
  • Beta vulgaris L. var. rapacea K. Koch ->Beta vulgarisL. subsp. vulgaris ( Crassa Group)
  • Beta vulgaris L. var. rosy Moq. ->Beta vulgaris L. subsp. vulgaris ( Conditive Group - Rosea Subgroup)
  • Beta vulgaris L. var. rubra auct. ->Beta vulgarisL. subsp. vulgaris ( Conditive Group)
  • Beta vulgaris L. var. rubra A.D. not L. ->Beta vulgarisL. subsp. vulgaris ( Conditive Group)
  • Beta vulgaris L. var. saccharifera Alef. ->Beta vulgarisL. subsp. vulgaris ( Very high Group)
  • Beta vulgaris L. var. vulgaris L. ->Beta vulgarisL. subsp. vulgaris ( Conditive Group)
  • Beta vulgaris L. var. vulgaris auct. ->Beta vulgarisL. subsp. cycle (L.) W. D. J. Koch ( Cycle Group)

Beta macrocarpa Guss.

SYNONYM (S): Beta vulgaris L. subsp. macrocarpa (Guss.) Thell., Beta vulgaris L. var. macrocarpa (Guss.) Moq.

Beta trigyna Waldst. & Kit.

CROATIAN: Drvenasta blitva.

ENGLISH: Caucasian wild beet.

FRENCH: Bette sauvage du Caucase.

GERMAN: Dreigriffelige Wildrübe.

A small photograph from Cotswold Garden Flowers.

Beta vulgaris L.

All the names attributed to B. vulgaris subsp. vulgaris below would apply to this species.

Beta vulgaris L. subsp. cycle (L.) W. D. J. Koch

SYNONYM (S): Beta hortensis Miller

CHINESE: Hou pi cai, Jun da cai, Ye tian cai, Ye yong tian cai.

Beta vulgaris L. subsp. vulgaris ( Cycle Group)

SYNONYM (S): Beta vulgaris L. subsp. cycle (L.) W. D. J. Koch ( Cycle Group), Beta vulgaris L. subsp. cycle (L.) W. D. J. Koch var. cycle L., Beta vulgaris L. var. cycla (L.) Ulrich, Beta vulgaris L. subsp. vulgaris ( Leaf Beet Group) , Beta vulgaris L. subsp. vulgaris ( Spinach Beet Group)

CHINESE: Hou pi cai , Zhu na cai, Jun da cai, Xia jing ye tian cai, Niu pi cai, Hong niu pi cai (medicinal name).

ENGLISH: Foliage beet, Leaf beet, Spinach beet.

FINNISH: Lehtimangoldi, Lehtijuurikas.

FRENCH: Poirée à couper, Bette à couper.

SLOVAKIAN:Cvikľa, Repa cvikľa, Repa obyčajná cvikľa.

Beta vulgaris L. subsp. vulgaris ( Flavescens Group)

SYNONYM (S): Beta vulgaris L. subsp. cycle (L.) W. D. J. Koch ( Flavescens Group), Beta vulgaris L. subsp. cycle (L.) W. D. J. Koch var. flavescens (Lam.) DC., Beta vulgaris L. subsp. vulgaris ( Leaf Beet Group) , Beta vulgaris L. subsp. vulgaris ( Swiss Chard Group)

CHINESE: Kuan jing ye tian cai, Kuan bing ye tian cai, Jun da cai.

DANISH: Bladbede, Hvidbede, Soelvbede.

ENGLISH: Chard, Seakale beet, Silver beet, Swiss chard, Sicilian broad-ribbed beet.

FINNISH: Lehtimangoldi, Lehtijuurikas.

FRENCH: Bette à carde, Bette à côtes, Poirée à carde, Feuille de bette, Feuille de blette.

GERMAN:Cardonen-Bete, Krautstiel, Rippenmangold,Römische Bete, Stengelmangold, Stielmangold, Mangold.

ITALIAN: Chard from the coast, White chard, Chard from the garden.

Beta vulgaris L. subsp. vulgaris ( Flavescens Group - Versicolor Subgroup )

SYNONYM (S): Beta chilensis hort., Beta vulgaris L. subsp. cycle (L.) W. D. J. Koch ( Versicolor Group), Beta vulgaris L. subsp. cycle (L.) W. D. J. Koch ( Versicolor Group)

CHINESE: Guan shang ye tian cai,

FRENCH: Bette à carde du Chili, Poirée à carde du Chili, Bette à cardes multicolored.

Beta vulgaris L. subsp. maritima (L.) Arcang.

SYNONYM (S): Beta bengalensis Roxb., Beta maritima L., Beta perennis (L.) Freyn., Beta vulgaris L. var. bengalensis Roxb. nom. illeg., Beta vulgaris L. var. maritima (L.) W. D. J. Koch, Beta vulgaris L. var. orientalis (Roxb.) Moq.

CROATIAN: Primorska blitva.

CZECH: F l epa bengálsky (as B. bengalensis).

ENGLISH: Indian spinach, Savoy beet (as B. bengalensis - India), Sea beet, Spinach beet (as B. bengalensis - India).

FRENCH: Betterave maritime.

GERMAN: Wildbete, Wilde Rübe, Wilde Runkelrübe .

HINDI: Palangsag, Palak, Palanki.

JAPANESE: ハ マ フ ダ ン ソ ウ Hama fudansou.

NEPALESE: Bangaalii paaluugo (as B. bengalensis).

SLOVENIAN: Primorska weighs.

SPANISH: Remolacha marítima.

Beta vulgaris L. subsp. maritima (L.) Arcang. ' Pusa Bharati '

Beta vulgaris L. subsp. maritima (L.) Arcang. ' Pusa Jyoti '

Beta vulgaris L. subsp. vulgaris

SYNONYM (S): Beta vulgaris L. var. vulgaris , Beta vulgaris L. subsp. vulgaris var. vulgaris

CHINESE: Tian cai, Hong tou cai, Jun from gen.

FRENCH: Betterave, Disette,Betterave champêtre.

ITALIAN: Beard, Beetroot, Common Chard,Red chard, red and yellow chard.

NEPALESE: Cukandar, Guliyo muulaa.

THAI:บี ท แดง Bīt daeng, บี ท รู ท Bītrūt, ผัก กาด แดง (Pak-gàat-daeng) Phak kat daeng (Central Thailand), Phakkat farang (Bangkok).

All the above names are usually applied to the common red-rooted beetroot but could be applied to other types of beetroots. For names specific to the red beetroot see Beta vulgaris L. subsp. vulgaris ( Conditive Group)

Beta vulgaris L. subsp. vulgaris ( Very high Group)

CHINESE: Tang tian cai, Tang luo bo, Tang yong tian cai.

CZECH:Cukrová řepa, Řepa cukrová.

ENGLISH: Sugarbeet, Sugar beet.

FRENCH:Betterave à sucre, Betterave de distillerie , Betterave sucrière.

ITALIAN: Sugar beet, Sugar beet.

POLISH:Burak cukrowy, Ćwikła cukrowa.

PORTUGUESE: Beterraba-açucareira, Beterraba-sacarina.

SLOVENIAN: Navadna weighs, Sladkorna weighs.

SPANISH: Betarraga azucarera, Remolacha azucarera (Argentina), Remolacha de azucar .

Types: White-rooted, Yellow-rooted, Red-rooted.

Photograph of root at Holt Studios (UK).

Photograph of foliage at Holt Studios (UK).

Beta vulgaris L. subsp. vulgaris ( Very high Group - Semisaccharifera Subgroup)

SYNONYM (S): Beta vulgaris L. var. very high f. semisaccharifera

ENGLISH: Semi-sweet sugar beet, Fodder sugar beet.

FRENCH: Betterave demi-sucrière.

GERMAN: Futterzuckerrübe, Halbzuckerrübe, Gehaltsrübe, Zuckerhaltige Rübe.

ITALIAN: Semi-sugary beetroot.

PORTUGUESE: Beterraba-açucareira, Beterraba-sacarina.

RUSSIAN: Свекла полусахарная Svëkla polusakharnaia.

SPANISH: Remolacha semiazucarera.

Beta vulgaris L. subsp. vulgaris ( Conditive Group)

SYNONYM (S): Beta vulgaris L. var. esculenta L. , Beta vulgaris L. subsp. vulgaris var. vulgaris , Beta vulgaris var. turnip form rubra , Beta vulgaris L. subsp. vulgaris ( Conditive Group - Rubra Subgroup)

CHINESE: Tian cai, Hong tou cai, Hong gen tian cai.

DUTCH: Kroot, Kroten, Rode biet.

ENGLISH: Beetroot, Red beet, Red beetroot, Red-fleshed beetroot.

FRENCH: Betterave potagère, Betterave rouge potagère.

GERMAN: Rote Bete, Rote Rübe, Rote Rüben, Rote Beete, Rote Bete.

ITALIAN: Beetroot, Salad beet, Garden beet,Red root chard .

JAPANESE: Aka kabu, Biito, カ エ ン サ イ Kaensai, Shokuyou biito, テ ー ブ ル ビ ー トTeeburu biito .

PORTUGUESE: Beterraba, Beterraba-vermelha, Beterraba de salada, Patarrábia, Terraba.

SPANISH: Remolacha, Remolacha colorada, Remolacha de mesa, Remolacha roja.

THAI:บี ท แดง Bīt daeng, บี ท รู ท Bītrūt, ผัก กาด แดง (Pak-gàat-daeng) Phak kat daeng (Central Thailand), Phakkat farang (Bangkok).

Beta vulgaris L. subsp. vulgaris ( Conditive Group - Sunrise Subgroup)

ARABIC: بنجرعلفي Bangar albi. This name needs checking, looks like an attempted transcription.

CHINESE: Bai gen tian cai.

ENGLISH: White beetroot, White-fleshed beetroot ..

FRENCH: Betterave blanche potagère.

GERMAN: Rote Bete, Rote Rübe.

ITALIAN: White beetroot.

RUSSIAN: Свекла желтая салатная Svekla zheltaia salatnaia.

SPANISH: Remolacha blanca.

Beta vulgaris L. subsp. vulgaris ( Conditive Group - Lutea Subgroup)

CHINESE: Huang gen tian cai.

ENGLISH: Yellow beetroot, Yellow beet, Golden beet, Yellow-fleshed beetroot.

FRENCH: Betterave jaune, Betterave jaune potagère,Betterave potagère à chair jaune .

ITALIAN: Brazilian chard.

Beta vulgaris L. subsp. vulgaris ( Conditive Group - Rosea Subgroup)

SYNONYM (S): Beta vulgaris L. var. rosy Moq. , Beta vulgaris L. subsp. vulgaris ( Conditive Group) ' of Chioggia '

CHINESE: Ba gen tian cai.

ENGLISH: Chioggia beet, Italian beetroot, Target beetroot.

FRENCH: Betterave rose d'Italie.

ITALIAN: Beetroot from Chioggia.

Beta vulgaris L. subsp. vulgaris ( Conditive Group - Rubra Subgroup) -> Beta vulgaris L. subsp. vulgaris ( Conditive Group)

Beta vulgaris L. subsp. vulgaris ( Crassa Group)

SYNONYM (S): Beta burgundica Kern., Beta vulgaris L. subsp. rapacea (Koch) Döll., Beta vulgaris L. var. rapacea K. Koch, Beta vulgaris L. var. turnip Dum. form Sunrise , Beta vulgaris L. var. Sunrise , Beta vulgaris L. var. crassa (Alef.) Wittm., Beta vulgaris L. var. crassa Mansf.

CHINESE: Si niu tian cai. Si yong tian cai.

DANISH: Foderroe, Foderbede, Runkelroe.

ENGLISH: Field beet, Fodder beet, Forage beet, Stock beet, White beet, Mangel.

ITALIAN: Forage beet.

PORTUGUESE: Beterraba-forrageira, Beterraba forraginosa.

SPANISH: Betarraga forrajera, Remolacha forrajera (Argentina).

REFERENCES
General Bibliography

REFERENCES
Complementary / Specific

Anderberg A. & A. L. (Arne & Anna-Lena) & My Ehn Salter 1997 - 1999, Den Virtuella Floran, Naturhistoriska riksmuseet. Swedish Museum of Natural History, Stockholm.

EURODICAUTOM , On-line Technical Dictionary in 12 languages ​​provided by the European Commission http://eurodic.echo.lu/cgi-bin/edicbin/EuroDicWWW.pl?page=expert> (Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German , Italian, Portuguese, Spanish, Swedish, Latin with authority names)

Mabberley D.J. 1997, The Plant-Book: a Portable Dictionary of the Vascular Plants, 2d Edition, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, U.K.

USDA, ARS, 2000, National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN). [Online Database] National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. Available: www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxdump.pl? beta (06 November 2000). (A number of languages, some romanized, Latin with authority names)

Wiersema J. H. & León B. 1999, World Economic Plants: a Standard Reference. CRC Press LLC.

Xie Zongwa & Yu Youqin (Editors), 1996, Materia Medica, Chinese Terminology, Vol. 1, Renminweisheng Publishing House Beijing, China. (Latin with authority names and Chinese-simplified, text in Chinese).

Contributors to this page (Personal communication): In progress .

Date created: 03/03/2000
Authorized by Prof. Snow Barlow
Last modified: 10/06/2005
Access: No restriction
Copyright © 1995 - 2020, The University of Melbourne.
Maintained by: Michel H. Porcher
Disclaimer


Tips

Beet microgreens with red ribs in any way they are prepared are always tasty and well appreciated by anyone in fact, just think that even in their simplicity they are excellent steamed or boiled, and are also added to salads or other species of microgreens. On the sidelines, the final suggestion is to prepare a sauce with this herb to which it is worth adding diced salami, lemon juice and mustard, thus creating a light, tasty and above all innovative appetizer.


Can beets grow in winter?

Chard not only grows well in hot summer temperatures, but is also frost resistant. In fact, chard can taste better when grown in the cold. However, the plants die in temperatures below 15 degrees F. (-9 degrees C.). That said, there are two ways to include chard in your winter garden:
First, it is possible to plant cold-resistant Swiss chard in the spring, and secondly, it is possible to plant cold-resistant Swiss chard in late summer. Chard will be ready for harvest approximately 55 days after planting the seeds. Collect the oldest leaves first to allow the smaller ones to continue growing, and harvest often to encourage faster growth of the inner leaves. You can therefore enjoy a continuous harvest from 55 days after the first planting up to several weeks after the first autumn frost in your area.
Secondly, it is possible to take advantage of the two-year life cycle of chard to obtain two years of harvest from a single plantation. A biennial is a plant that grows for two years before producing seeds. If you live in an area where temperatures never drop below 15 degrees F., chard can overwinter.
Plant the beets in early spring and harvest the leaves in the summer, then keep the beet plants in the garden throughout the winter. They will start growing again the following spring, and you can enjoy the greenery of early spring and the leaves of the second summer. To maximize your chances of success, cut the leaves at a minimum height of 7.5 cm from the ground during the first summer, so that the plant can grow back.
For spring plantings, beets from seed 2 to 4 weeks after the last frost: beet plants are tolerant to frost only once established. Chard "seeds", like beet seeds, are actually small clusters containing several seeds. Plant the groups of seeds 2.5-5 cm apart from each other in rows of 15-30 cm.
Provide fertilizer or balanced fertilizer in the middle of the end of summer.


Video: Beta vulgaris -harvest.