Jubilee Tarasenko - liana-shaped tomato with fan tassels
It is very pleasant when the Russians are not content with growing imported hybrids, but are looking for the seeds of Russian tomatoes that were bred during the Soviet era. Indeed, many masterpieces have been bred by domestic breeders. One of them is Jubilee Tarasenko.
History of tomato Jubilee Tarasenko
The variety was created for his 75th birthday by an amateur breeder Feodosiy Makarovich Tarasenko. It was in 1987. Tarasenko lived in the northeast of the then Soviet Ukraine, in the village of Voronezh, Sumy region. His main occupation - teaching at a physics school - did not in any way prevent him from devoting his free time to his favorite business.
On his own plot, Feodosiy Makarovich grew about 50 varieties of tomatoes, including hybrids of his own selection: Kombitomat, Gift Polesia, Legend, Hybrid 2 and Hybrid 6. The magazine "Household Economy", published in the 1970s and 90s, frequently published articles by Tarasenko. The gardeners sowed and grew tomatoes according to his recommendations. Many knew the breeder's address, wrote letters to him and received answers and seeds.
Unfortunately, Tarasenko's tomatoes were not included in the State Register of Breeding Achievements. In this connection, nowadays there is confusion with the identification of its varieties and hybrids. So, some gardeners say that earlier bushes with rounded fruits were called Jubilee Tarasenko, while others insist that the shape of the tomatoes is heart-shaped with a sharp nose. Representatives of both sides claim that they have read and remember the descriptions of Tarasenko himself.
The seeds of Yubileiny Tarasenko are sold by the agricultural firms "Sedek", "Aelita", "NK" and others. In the descriptions on the sites, the fruits are called plum-shaped with a sharp nose.
Description of the variety
Regarding the description of the shape of the tomatoes, I like the version of one gardener who posted on the forum a photo of the Jubilee Tarasenko bush, and on it there are rounded fruits and with a spout.
Almost all hybrids and varieties of Tarasenko have two features that unite them - a liana-shaped bush 2-3 m high and a huge fan brush. In each of them, up to 40 fruits weighing 70-200 g are tied. The total weight of the hand with poured fruits reaches 3-4 kg.
The Jubilee Tarasenok has a huge brush with a lot of ovaries
In the southern regions and greenhouses, Yubileiny Tarasenko manages to form 4–5 or more brushes, 15–20 kg of tomatoes are harvested from one plant. This variety is grown both in the north and in the open field. In such conditions, only 2-3 brushes are laid on the bush, but they are so abundant and huge that such a harvest is enough for the not spoiled northerners.
In terms of ripening, the variety is mid-season. From germination to collection of the first fruits, 111–120 days pass. The fruits are red-orange, with a high solids content, which determines the rich taste, "like tomato juice". Tomatoes are dense, well transported. In one brush, they can be of different sizes: large ones are good for salads, and small ones are salted.
Gardeners appreciate in Yubileiny Tarasenko not only taste and yield, but also beauty. The bushes look especially impressive during flowering - huge brushes with many small yellow flowers resemble flashes of fireworks. The ovaries are formed spontaneously: the first appear in the center of the brush, and the last along the edges. The whole brush does not always have time to fill.
Tomato Jubilee Tarasenko is also loved for its decorative effect during flowering
The variety is resistant to cold and disease. The leaves are openwork, they are rarely located on the bushes, therefore they do not shade the fruits and neighboring plantings, do not interfere with airing.
Video: Anniversary Tarasenko in the greenhouse (after 3 minutes)
Growing tomato Yubileiny Tarasenko
Seed producers recommend sowing Jubilee Tarasenko for seedlings from early to mid-March, then the harvest will ripen by July-August. Immediately take into account that this is a tall variety, which means it will require roomy pots for picking and a lot of space on the windowsill. With thickened plantings, an actively growing variety will stretch out. In addition, in the process of growing seedlings, not one transplant may be required, but 2-3 in a larger container, if the former becomes cramped.
The scheme of planting in a permanent place is 60x50 cm. The most time consuming activity in caring for Yubileyny Tarasenko is the garter of powerful stems holding giant bunches of tomatoes. Simple pegs are not enough here, you need reliable supports. But this is not so bad. The brushes themselves can break under the weight of the fruit, that is, they need to be additionally fixed. Boxes are placed under the lower gardeners, and the upper ones are fixed on the trellis.
Studying the features of this tomato, I again remembered the idea, which is still rarely found on the Internet, - to tie the stem of a tall tomato parallel to the ground. To do this, it is enough to pull the wire at a certain height, I assume that at the level of the first flower brush. The stem is tied horizontally to this wire, and the fruits hang down. In the case of Yubileyny Tarasenko, this will eliminate the need to tie each brush to the trellis, you can put something underneath or substitute it.
Video: garter brushes of tomatoes in a greenhouse
The formation of the bush and the rationing of the crop also need to be given attention. Indeterminate tall tomatoes are grown in 1–2 stems; for the second, a stepson is left, located near the first flower cluster. All the rest are removed, and they will grow all summer, so the agricultural technology of Yubileiny Tarasenko cannot be called easy.
You will also have to tear off the lower yellowing leaves and pinch the top. After all, a three-meter bush will have time to cover itself with brushes with ripe fruits only in the south. The stems can be pinched at a height of 150-180 cm or above 4-5 brushes, depending on how many of them have time to ripen in your region... In the first year, you will have to experiment and find out empirically.
Jubilee Tarasenko is one of the few indeterminate varieties that need to be normalized. Here, too, there are already two proven options:
- Collect the fruits in blanche ripeness, so that the remaining ones have time to fill up.
- Pluck out the smallest extreme flowers and ovaries or remove evenly over the entire brush. There will be fewer tomatoes, but they will be larger and all will have time to grow.
But that's not all. Gardeners growing Yubileiny Tarasenko say that it has a very powerful, fibrous and superficial root. The plant needs to be watered at least once a week, spending a bucket of water per bush, and fed vigorously. Top dressing is needed every two weeks. Complex mineral fertilizers such as nitroammofoska or special fertilizers for tomatoes are well suited: Fertika, Agricola, Pure Leaf, BioHumus, Red Giant, etc. From the standard care, only loosening or mulching of row spacings remains.
Reviews of gardeners about the variety Yubileiny Tarasenko
Jubilee Tarasenko can be called a curiosity because of the unusual type of brushes that provide abundant fruiting. However, a non-standard tomato requires proper care. You need a special kind of garter. Rationing of ovaries in the brush, pinching of the stem and abundant feeding with mineral fertilizers are encouraged.
Tarasenko Feodosiy, who taught physics at a rural school, devoted his free time to growing and creating new varieties of vegetables. For 30 years, a resident of the Sumy region, who did not have the specialty of an agronomist, bred about 50 hybrids of different crops and a whole series of Tarasenko tomatoes.
The teacher, and also a vegetable grower, preferred to plant tall tomatoes and created just such varieties. All these tomatoes are valued for their high yield, excellent taste, and resistance to unfavorable environments.
Description of the Golden Heart tomato
The Golden Heart variety belongs to medium-sized determinant varieties, that is, having reached a certain value of the height of the bush, it significantly slows down its growth or stops it altogether, starting to form new branches.
The height of the plant is 60-80 cm. When grown in greenhouse conditions, the bushes can be 1.5 times higher in height - 100-120 cm. The thickness of the stems reaches 15 mm. The bush is usually formed into 3 stems, and the lateral ones can also grow quite strongly in width.
The leaves of the plant are standard: five-lobed and strongly dissected. Most tomato leaves are small, but there are thinner varieties up to 9 cm in length. The color of the stems is light green, the leaves are dark green.
Flowers typical for tomatoes are inconspicuous, small. Their color is lemon yellow. The inflorescence and seed of the Golden Heart form about a dozen ovaries, as a result of which 6 to 8 fruits are formed on each cluster.
The variety is mid-season. Its ripening time is about 3 months from the moment of the first shoots. According to the description of the variety, this time is 90-95 days.
Description of fruits
The fruits of the Golden Heart tomato variety have a characteristic color and shape that exactly matches their description: they are really heart-shaped and have a yellow-golden (occasionally orange) color. A photo of the fruits is shown below.
Fruits acquire a similar condition in a state of ripeness. Unripe representatives of the variety have a rich green color (not whitish).
There is a misconception that tomatoes that are not red in their unripe state may differ in color from green.
Fruit weight reaches 150 g when grown in the garden and about 300 g for greenhouse cultivation.
"Hybrid Tarasenko 2"
The most popular variety from the Tarasenko series. Many generations of vegetable growers are familiar with this tomato. The plant is early, indeterminate, tall, some describe it as liana-like. The height in the greenhouse can easily overcome 2 m.
The opinions of experts on the issues of formation differ. If the soils are very nutritious, it is recommended to lead in two or even three shoots. In this case, the variety will feed and pull out the entire huge crop, but careful garters are needed. If the soils are fresh, and top dressing is not carried out at all, then only in one shoot.
Reading the tomato "Hybrid Tarasenko 2" description of the yield, sometimes those who have not yet grown doubt the veracity of the information, however, having tried the variety in their beds, they are convinced that a complex tomato brush can carry up to 30 tomatoes. Some vegetable growers provide information that the weight of one brush can be within 2 kilograms.
A variety of universal use. Its fruits are not large, within 65-70 g. They are perfect for salads and canning with whole fruits.
The tomatoes are rounded, with a characteristic spout that makes them recognizable. The skin is smooth, without ribbing. When cut, 3-4 seed chambers are visible, but filled with pulp.
The taste of tomatoes is very high. Tomato taste reminds many of those old tomatoes, when they were rich, with a characteristic tomato aftertaste and aroma.
Tomatoes do great in a seaming jar. Thin but strong skin protects the pulp well from heat treatments, they do not burst in jars and never crack on bushes.
There is not a single review that "Hybrid Tarasenko 2" has undergone any diseases in a greenhouse or open ground.
The unique, genetically determined resistance of the immunity provides the variety with a high yield and an excellent marketable yield.
The list of advantages of the variety is undeniable:
- great taste
- high yield
- interesting handicap
- keeping quality
- disease resistance
Advantages and disadvantages
The Yamal variety has many advantages, among which the following can be noted:
- The bush is compact, low.
- Early ripening of fruits.
- The tomatoes are beautiful, even.
- The application is universal.
- High yield even in adverse weather conditions.
- Long-term fruiting.
- Disease resistance of this culture.
This variety has no drawbacks, as evidenced by the reviews of gardeners who have already grown Yamal tomatoes on their plots.
Features of growing and storage
Grown in greenhouses and open beds, planted traditionally - through seedlings.
Seeds are sown in mid and late March.
A loose fertile substrate is prepared for seedlings, for this they mix:
- leaf turf 2 parts
- compost 1 part
- ash 1 cup
- sand 1 part.
Mineral fertilizers are applied per 10 kg of soil mixture - superphosphate 30 g, potassium sulfate 10-15 g.
- plant seeds to a depth of 1.5 cm
- before germination, the boxes are covered with foil
- irrigate with settled water
- maintain a temperature of 22-24 degrees
- dive at 2-3 true leaves.
The southern regions of Russia are more suitable for growing Delicatessen in the open field, since the variety is resistant to moisture deficit and drought. In cooler, wetter climates, this variety is grown under a film cover or in a greenhouse.
Among the main conditions for growing Delicatessen in a greenhouse is sterility. Disinfect the container for planting, the soil and the seeds themselves with a 1% solution of potassium permanganate.
Description of tomatoes Auria
The presented variety is hybrid. It was bred in 1997 in Russia and was intended exclusively for growing in greenhouse conditions. Outdoors, Auria tomatoes grow well exclusively in the southern regions.
Tomato manhood - photo
The bush is liana-like, and its height reaches from 50 cm to 2 m. Due to the high stem, the plant must be tied up. Despite good flexibility, there is a possibility of stem damage. The number of leaves is average.
Auria tomato fruit is cylindrical in shape with a small rounded bifurcation at the end. The average length of a tomato, according to reviews, is 13-15 cm, and its weight is from 130 to 250 g. Inside, the tomato is dense, with a small amount of seeds.
Ripening of fruits occurs from late summer to early autumn. The first fruits usually appear at the end of July. Auria tomatoes have a sweet taste, which is why they are often eaten fresh, and are also used for making preserves.
- Resistance to temperature extremes
- Low susceptibility to disease
- Resistant to lack of moisture
- High yield
- Good taste
The disadvantages of Auria tomatoes include demanding fertilizers, high fragility of the stems. In addition, this variety is considered rare, since it is difficult to acquire seeds.
In general, Auria tomatoes are popular because of their original shape, unique taste, and resistance to climatic changes.
Tomato Flame agro
Tomato Flame Agro got its unusual name for the fiery red color of the fruit. It was bred by Russian breeders and approved for use in the West Siberian and Volga-Vyatka regions in 1993. The main features of the variety are high yields and resistance to most viral diseases. After 2.5-3 months, the first crop can be harvested.
Many gardeners do not miss the opportunity to plant a variety of varieties of tomatoes, which have their own flavor and cultivation methods. Tomato Flame, which has recently been gaining more and more popularity, does not stand aside.
Description of inflorescence
The tomato inflorescence is normal, it forms about 9 leaves. The next ones appear after 2-3 sheets. Each inflorescence contains 5 flowers. The variety is early maturing, so the fruit ripens early, after about 80-95 days.
- The presence of juicy pulp with a small number of seeds is a distinctive feature of this type of tomato.
- The fruit of this variety is most often rounded.
- The length of a tomato, on average, reaches 10-13 cm
- The size of the fruit is small, the average weight is from 65-80 g.
- The peel has no roughness, it is shiny and has a slight ribbing
- The high strength of the peel perfectly protects the fruit from cracking and at the same time retains its juiciness well. However, it is not tough and can be easily removed from the tomato.
- High yield - 4-5 kg of tomato can be easily harvested from 1 m2.
Under the right conditions, tomatoes will be stored for about 3 to 4 weeks. The main thing is that there are no drafts and moisture in the room, and the temperature does not exceed 18 ° C. Also, this type of tomato can be easily transported over long distances.
As for the taste, the Fire tomato has aromatic and rich fruits that are perfect for salads, everyday dishes, as well as in the preparation of tomato juices and whole preservation.
The plant has a relative resistance to septoria, late blight and macrosporiosis.
However, the variety is quite susceptible to diseases such as cladosporium and black bacterial spot.
Planting a plant in open soil
It is recommended to plant seedlings in the second half of May. The main thing is that the earth has time to warm up, and the weather outside is warm. Before planting, you should thoroughly plow the land and apply fertilizer. 2-3 weeks before planting the seedlings in permanent soil, the bushes are hardened.
No more than 6-8 seedlings should be placed per 1 m2. This variety has no special rules for caring for it. It is only important to regularly water the plant, apply mineral fertilizers on time and weed the beds.
The rules for caring for the Flame tomato are no different from the agricultural technology of other varieties.