Raspberry - Rubus idaeus - Features of culture and healing properties - Raspberry paradise - 1
In the wild, raspberries were known to the ancient Greeks and Romans. And it was introduced into culture somewhere in the 4th century AD. The first raspberry varieties appeared in Western Europe only in the 16th century. As for Russia, the first reliable information about its cultural plantings dates back to about the 17th century. Today, raspberries are widespread in areas with temperate and cool climates in all countries and on all continents (except, of course, Antarctica). And its numerous varieties differ in size, color and taste of fruits.
All kinds of raspberries you will not see in our gardens - here are yellow, and red, and even black. In fact, raspberries could rightfully be attributed to purely medicinal plants, if not for the amazing delicate taste and delicious aroma of its fruits. As a result, today raspberries are one of the most popular berry crops in our country. In terms of the area occupied by her in amateur gardens, she is the third after strawberries and black currants. However, our raspberry yield is extremely low. The quality of the harvest also leaves much to be desired - the size of the berries and their taste.
Moreover, some gardeners consider raspberries to be almost a weed. And there is some truth in this. After all, it creeps out godlessly, and there are almost no berries - so, pinch a little from the bush. And to make jam for the winter - this, as a rule, is out of the question.
At the same time, this culture has a lot of advantages: it is distinguished by its extraordinary early maturity (the first harvest can be obtained in the second year after planting, and this is faster than currants and gooseberries), annual fruiting, blooms late (as a result of which it almost always leaves from spring frosts) and good yield (albeit only with good care). If you do not create optimal conditions for the growth of raspberries, then there will be practically no harvest. In general, it, as, in fact, in the Urals and any other culture, requires a lot of things from the gardener.
And what is the custom in most cases for us? The worst places are taken under the raspberry, the raspberries are planted, and then they are allowed to grow as they please. As a result, the raspberry plant quickly overgrows, and there was no harvest, and there was no harvest. After looking at all this disgrace for several years, gardeners come to the conclusion that it is better to plant potatoes than to occupy precious hundred square meters of completely useless raspberries, from which you will not get a harvest. But, probably, each of us collected forest raspberries and got, if we were very lucky, on the bushes, the branches of which were literally strewn with tasty and large enough berries.
And then a completely natural question arises: why raspberries in garden plots (varietal, and not some wild) do not give a crop. It might be worth taking a closer look at those berry-strewn bushes in the forest raspberries, paying attention to the conditions in which they grow. And then success will be guaranteed - and there will be enough fresh berries to eat, and you manage to make jam, and freeze them to boot.
True, I do not dissuade anyone from picking forest raspberries: whatever you say, the aroma of the forest cannot be compared with the aroma of the garden. But one does not interfere with the other. And the forest harvest does not always happen, but the garden harvest, it is here, always at hand, just stretch out your hand. In addition, raspberries are good in any form - both fresh and processed. And what is not prepared from it! Jam, jam, jam, compote, juices, syrups, marmalade, marshmallow, liqueurs, soft drinks, liqueurs, liqueurs, liqueurs, wine, etc. Berries are eaten fresh, with milk or cream, pies are baked with them, and raspberry kvass is made. In general, there is where fantasy roam.
Remember also how tasty and healthy raspberries are, and therefore it is worth growing it on the site. Moreover, garden raspberries respond very quickly and gratefully to proper care. Of all the berries, I love raspberries most of all (maybe, of course, that's why I create the most comfortable conditions for them), but I collect a very decent harvest from my very tiny raspberry tree - 25-30 kg. This is what I manage to collect for workpieces, and how much fresh raspberry is eaten - but who counts it?
In the global raspberry market
In the developed countries of our planet, this extraordinary berry has long been appreciated and it is grown in large quantities. True, raspberries are absolutely non-transportable, therefore, the crop is usually sold frozen. In terms of the volume of world demand, frozen raspberries are, perhaps, second only to garden strawberries. The largest producers and exporters of frozen raspberries are Chile, Serbia and Poland. For example, the production of frozen raspberries in Chile reaches 20-25 thousand tons per year. Agree that the numbers are quite impressive. However, the demand for frozen raspberries remains stable and prices continue to rise. This is probably talking about something, isn't it? So are we really not able to provide ourselves with such useful products? But raspberries are not tomatoes, they are much less picky - and seedlings do not need to be grown for six months, and you can do without a greenhouse.