Interesting

Verbeynik: cultivation, types and varieties, application

Verbeynik: cultivation, types and varieties, application


Description of loosestrife

Many of my acquaintances, knowing about my passion for flowers, bring me various plants from their travels or business trips. This is how one day I received a gift of a flower, which, as I was told, is called verbena. Since verbena did not grow in my garden before, I planted this plant with pleasure.

Then I read something about vervain in encyclopedias, learned something from the Internet. As it grew, my "verbena" less and less resembled the plant I read about, and when in the middle of summer the plant bloomed, I was finally convinced that it was definitely not verbena.

To tell you the truth, the plant was very attractive. Its golden yellow bell-shaped flowers, located along the entire stem, were a decoration of the flower bed. I did not immediately recognize the name of this plant, but when I found it in the encyclopedia, I immediately understood why the confusion occurred. My golden yellow plant was called loosestrife, because it sounds very much like verbena. But since I already knew a lot about verbena, and my desire to see it in my flower garden was huge, in the spring of next year I bought several bags of seeds and sowed them. So, thanks to a mistake in my summer cottage, two more beautiful plants are now growing and delighting me with their flowering.


Verbeiniki (Lysimachia) families primroses (Primulaceae) - herbaceous perennial, rarely annuals or biennials. The verbeinik this plant was nicknamed for the external resemblance of its leaves to pussy willow leaves. In total, there are from 150 to 200 types of loosestrife. This plant grows wild in Europe in the Mediterranean. Some loosestrife grows in East Asia and North America. On the territory of Russia, there are about 10 species.

Verbains have predominantly erect or creeping leafy shoots. Flowers are yellow or white, less often pink or purple, collected in spike-racemose or corymbose inflorescences, sometimes single or several pieces in leaf axils.

Conditions for growing loosestrife

Loosestrife is unpretentious in leaving. Their root system is located shallowly, therefore, a cultivated layer of 10-15 cm is sufficient for growing. In the fall, the aerial parts of erect plants are cut and poured compost, the ground cover loosestrife is not cut off.

In frosty winters with little snow, they require shelter. Almost all loosestrife reproduces well by dividing the bush. They can also be cut by rooting young shoots. These plants are shade-tolerant, but sun-loving, in the shade they bloom worse. With a lack of lighting, in the shade of the loosestrife, small, non-opening, self-pollinating flowers that do not form seeds develop.

In comfortable conditions, almost all loosestrife grows rapidly and even need to be limited. In nature, they grow along swampy banks of streams and rivers, among bushes in river floodplains, in wet meadows, so additional watering is required in the garden in dry summers. Verbains speckled, lily of the valley, ciliate prefer a moderately damp zone, but they also tolerate waterlogging. Loose loam can grow in shallow water on the shores of water bodies.

The common loosestrife and the bunch-colored loosestrife can be planted even in water to a depth of 10 cm. I noticed that if the loosestrife is uncomfortable in the area where it was planted, it crawls to a more favorable place for it. This is exactly what my loosestrife did, because I thought that I had planted a sun-loving and drought-resistant verbena, and the moisture-loving loosestrider did not like the sunny flower bed, and it gradually crawled to a more humid place, in partial shade.

The main types and varieties of loosestrife

Common loosestrife or lysimachia (Lysimachis vulgaris) is a herbaceous perennial medicinal plant about 60-100 cm high. Its rhizome is creeping with tetrahedral and erect stems.

Leaves are oblong-lanceolate, opposite. Flowers are yellow, bell-shaped, small, collected in inflorescences at the top. The loosestrife fruit is a box with seeds. Common loosestrife blooms from June to July. It grows almost throughout the entire territory of Russia, here, in Kazakhstan, it is found in the northern regions.

Loose mint or meadow tea (Lysimachia nummularia) is a herbaceous perennial medicinal plant with a creeping stem up to 60 cm long. Leaves with small dark glands are located oppositely on short petioles. The shape of the leaves is oval, about 2.5 cm long; this type of loosestrife got its name precisely because of the shape of its leaves. The leaves and stems are light green in color.

The flowers are star-bell-shaped, up to 3 cm in diameter, five-petal, golden yellow. The flowering period is from May to the end of July. Monet loam is grown as an ampel and ground cover plant. The flowers are poorly pollinated, especially if they grow in the shade, therefore, normally developed seeds are rarely formed. It reproduces mainly vegetatively.

Variety of this species Aurea with numerous branched stems, easily rooting at the point of contact with the soil, grows rapidly. The flowers are round, yellow, about 2 cm in diameter. Blooms in summer for 2-3 weeks. It grows well in an open, sunny place, does not lose its decorative effect in dense shade. Drought-resistant. It can grow on light poor soil, but is responsive to increasing soil nutrition and timely watering.

Verbeynik point (Lysimachia punctata) - This perennial plant has a light brown long rhizome and slightly branched straight shoots, forming dense, 60-80 cm high, bushes. The leaves are oblong-ovate, up to 6-8 cm long, whorls of 4 pieces fit tightly to the stems.

The flowers are star-bell-shaped with five golden-yellow petals and an orange spot in the center, collected in axillary bunches, forming a spike-shaped inflorescence. The plant blooms in late June and blooms until mid-August. Spotted loosestrife is widespread. It was this type of loosestrife that a friend gave me. This loosestrife has several varieties: Alexander - with white-bordered leaves, Golden alexander- with a yellow border.

Ciliated loam (Lysimachia ciliata) - comes from North America. Has several decorative varieties, of which the most common purple-leaved Firecracker... This perennial has straight tetrahedral shoots up to 60-70 cm high, branching from the base. Leaves are ovate-elongated, opposite to 12 cm long. Their color depends on the light and varies from dark chocolate to red-purple, in the shade it becomes less decorative. The flowers are small, yellow. Grows well in lighted areas with moist soil.

Verbeynik cage or lily of the valley (Lysimachia clethroides)... In nature, it grows in the south of Primorye, in Japan and northeastern China in mountain forests and on meadow slopes. It is a perennial plant with straight, slightly branched shoots, reaching a height of 90-120 cm. Branched large whitish-pink roots require a more powerful cultural layer than other loosestrife. The rhizome is similar to the rhizome of a lily of the valley.

The leaves are rather large, up to 15 cm in length, ovate-spatulate with a sharp top and wedge-shaped base, it is in this species that the leaves resemble pussy willow leaves. The flowers of this species are about one centimeter in diameter, pure white, star-shaped, collected in dense pyramidal inflorescences up to 30 cm long with a beautifully drooping top. Blooms from the end of June for about a month. This species does not grow as fast as the rest of the loosestrife. Very decorative during flowering. Flowers are good for bouquets. Popular variety Lady jane - plants with a height of 60–90 cm.

Looseberry dark purple (Lysimachia atropurpurea) grade Beaujolais grows in the form of a bunch of erect stems up to 90 cm high. In summer, it blooms with numerous small dark purple, almost black flowers, collected in apical spikelet inflorescences. Leaves are silvery green, corrugated along the edge. It is characterized by good winter hardiness and high drought resistance. When grown in a sunny place, the flowers become brighter. Blooms from July to August.

There are other types of loosestrife: brush-colored, oak, ephemerum, crowded-flowered ...

Reproduction of loosestrife

The loosestrife is propagated by seeds and vegetatively. For better germination, seeds are stratified (frozen) before sowing for 1-2 months at temperatures from 0 to + 5 ° C. Seeds can be sown in the fall (before winter), then a natural stratification.

After stratification, loosestrife seeds are sown on the surface of a moist substrate, since light is needed for germination. To maintain humidity, cover with glass or foil. At a temperature of + 13 ... + 15 ° C, seedlings appear within 10-15 days. The grown seedlings are planted in a permanent place. Such plants will bloom in 2-3 years. All loosestrife reproduce very well vegetatively by dividing bushes, segments of rhizomes, basal offspring and cuttings.

Dividing the bushes and replanting can be done in early spring, before the leaves appear, or in early autumn. Monet loam is propagated by individual shoots 10-20 cm long or by already rooted side shoots with a well-developed root system.

Pests and diseases

Specific diseases and pests these plants do not. Leaves can be damaged by slugs.

Application in horticulture

Loose leaf looks good in curbs and in groups, it is used as a groundcover in alpine coaster and near water bodies.

Verbains are planted in small and large groups near trees and shrubs, along the banks of reservoirs, on rabatkas, along the edges of lawns. Some varieties are used for cutting. Loafers go well with loosestrife, cuff, various geraniums and astilboy .

Other application

Loafers have found applications in dyeing. The dyes extracted from it dye wool and plant fibers in brown and black tones. The dye is fixed in a solution of ferrous sulfate. Looseweed extracts can be used to dye hair in dark colors.

Read part 2. Medicinal properties of loosestrife →

Tatiana Lybina, gardener,
Zhezkazgan, Republic of Kazakhstan
Photo by the author


Reproduction

Reproduction of moneta loosestrife is possible by seed and vegetative methods. The latter is subdivided into reproduction by dividing bushes and shoots.

The seed method is used less often, since such a plant productivity is very low. After planting, flowering occurs only for 2-3 years. The seeds are placed in the soil in November or March. Plant seedlings must undergo a stratification process (hardening). If sowing is carried out at the end of autumn, then in winter stratification will occur by itself. But for planting in March, seeds for the winter should be placed in a wet mixture of soil and sand and removed to the basement or refrigerator.

Loosestrife is propagated for seedlings in the same way, but only sown in a separate container with a prepared mixture of soil, sand and sedimentary rock. After planting, it is covered with glass or a transparent bag. The temperature must be stable, not less than + 15 ° C. The sprouts will sprout in 14 days. For some time they harden and when they become strong enough, they are transplanted into pots. In open ground, the transplant is carried out in June or July, depending on weather conditions.

Reproduction of loosestrife by dividing the bush is the simplest and most effective method, which gives almost 100% guarantee for germination of the culture. The division is carried out from a bush at least 3 years old. The procedure is carried out either in early spring or in autumn.

An adult plant is carefully dug out without touching the roots. Further, it is divided in such a way that each process has 2-3 shoots and a sufficient root system. The seedlings are placed in moist soil, trampled down a little.

Propagation by cuttings of shoots is suitable if an adult plant of the monkey loosestrife is at the house of friends, acquaintances, or just on the street. To do this, shoots up to 20 cm long are cut into an adult bush, placed in water. The process of root formation is so developed that you don't even need to use the root growth stimulator "Kornevin".

If the cuttings took place in the fall, the rooted shoots are planted indoors in a nursery. In the spring, planting is carried out directly into the open ground. Flowering begins next season.


Verbeinik: types and photos of flowers, planting and care in the country

Loosestrife - a beautiful, unpretentious biennial and perennial plant of the Primroses family. It is widespread in Europe and Asia, and was loved by gardeners for its special beauty and endurance.

Verbeinik is actively used for decorating borders, alpine slides, rockeries. And some of its types can even be used to design artificial reservoirs.

Just take a look at the photo of the loosestrife - it forms a very beautiful lush blooming bush. Plant stems, depending on the variety, can be erect or creeping. Leaves are of medium green color (sometimes white-green), arranged alternately or oppositely. Flowers - collected in inflorescences, come in different colors (yellow, white, pink).

To decorate your garden with beautiful vegetation, spending a minimum of your time, choose a loosestrife.

Growing and caring for him is not difficult, while he can transform a flower garden literally beyond recognition.

Types of loosestrife popular among flower growers

Experts count more than 100 types of loosestrife, most of which grow in China. Not all species are used in ornamental gardening. We list the most popular groups and varieties of loosestrife.

Common loafers (Lysimachia vulgaris). It is a perennial with a straight pubescent stem and oval-shaped leaves. The plant stretches up to 1 m in height and blooms at the end of June. Flowers - deep yellow color, collected in pyramidal inflorescences. Verbeynik ordinary prefers shady areas characterized by high humidity. Practice shows that plantings grow actively even when grown in water at a depth of 10 cm.

Verbeynik point (Lysimachia punctata). One has only to look at the photo of the spotted loosestrife and it immediately becomes clear why it is one of the most popular in Russian flower beds. This perennial grows up to 80 cm in length and forms a beautiful dense bush with green foliage. In some varieties (Alexander, Golden Alexander), the leaves have a variegated color - white-green, yellow-green. The flowers are star-bell-shaped, yellow-golden with an orange core. Spotted loosestrife blooms at the end of June for 30-40 days.

Loose mint (Lysimachia nummularia). This perennial species is also called "meadow tea". Plants grow literally up to 30 cm in length. Leaves - grow opposite, oval, up to 2.5 cm in length. Flowers - arranged singly, up to 2.5 cm in diameter, yellow in color. Loose leaf can grow strongly, and therefore, its growth is better controlled, otherwise it will begin to displace neighboring garden crops. Its most beautiful variety is Aurea.

Verbeynik cage (lily of the valley) (Lysimachia cletroides). Representatives of this species have straight stems, reaching a height of 120 cm. The plants do not grow very much, but they require much more care than other groups. A distinctive feature of the lily of the valley loosestrife is the drooping inflorescences of white color.

Purple loosestrife (Lysimachia Purpurea). It is a perennial with a straight stem (up to 50 cm in height) and reddish leaves. Flowers are yellow, small in size. Purple loosestrife begins to bloom towards the end of August.

Looseberry black-purple (Lysimachia atropurpurea). Quite an unusual species, which is a perennial with dark red spike-shaped inflorescences.Leaves - slightly corrugated along the edge, lanceolate, gray-green color. The black-purple loosestrife forms a neat bush up to 90 cm high and up to 60 cm in diameter.

Planting loosestrife in the garden

The loosestrife flower is not at all picky about the composition of the soil in the area where it will grow. It will develop well and bloom luxuriantly even on infertile soil.
The only requirement that must be met is high humidity. Surely, in every garden there is a small shady lowland that is completely unsuitable for planting other ornamental crops - it’s something that the loosestrife will like.

You can plant a loosestrife in several ways:
• seeds,
• cuttings,
• division.

Seed propagation of a plant is a rather troublesome business, since not all grains will hatch without their preliminary preparation, and you will have to wait several seasons for the flowering of the bushes.

Most the best way to plant loosestrife is to divide the rhizome... You can divide the bush either in the spring or in the fall. In this case, the rhizome is divided into several parts, and each division is rooted in a pre-selected area at a distance of at least 30 cm from each other.

Loosestrip care

Summer care of loosestrife is simple. Having mastered some simple rules, you can decorate your garden for the whole season.

• For the bushes on the site to feel good, they need regular abundant watering.

• To prevent overgrowth of loosestrife, it should be pruned regularly.

• For the winter, the stems should be shortened to the very base, and the soil around should be fertilized with organic matter.


Characteristics and description of the plant

Verbeynik (Lysimachia L.) is a genus of plants belonging to the Primroses family, which includes about 200 species. They are quite widespread in the northern hemisphere in temperate and subtropical regions, often found in China (about 130 species). A typical species is the common verbeynik (Lysimachia vulgaris L.).

This perennial grows wildly in ditches, along forest roads, on rocky soil and in stagnant water. Prefers swamp forests and peat bogs. Traditional medicine uses loosestrife to treat rheumatism and skin diseases. It was also used to dye fabrics yellow, green, brown and black.

Morphology

These are evergreen perennials and shrubs with a very diverse crown. Broad lanceolate leaves are formed on high stems of 1.5 meters.

The loosestrife blooms from June to August. Golden yellow or white flowers create wide inflorescences. The flowers are 5-petaled, in long clusters or panicles, usually yellow or white, sometimes pink or purple. A strong, branched rhizome forms long underground roots.

Verbeinik is willingly planted in flower beds, near ponds. The gardens can be used to plant different types of plants, which are characterized by low requirements and abundant flowering. Loafers are valued for their decorative qualities. The family includes about 200 species.

The most common types of Russian flora grown in gardens:

  • Common loosestrife (Lysimachia vulgaris L.)
  • B. brush-colored (Lysimachia thyrsiflora L.)
  • B. oak (Lysimachia nemorum L.)
  • B. point (Lysimachia punctata L.) - domesticated anthropophyte
  • B. coin or coin (Lysimachia nummularia L.)
  • V. lily of the valley (Lysimachia clethroides Duby).

Ordinary

The species Lysimachia vulgaris L. is widespread in Europe, northern Africa, Asia (Western Asia, Siberia, the Caucasus, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, China). In Russia, it is found in the lowlands, on the lower slopes of the mountains.

The common loosestrife reaches a height of 15-100 cm, topped with a panicle of yellow flowers. Develops long roots. The stem is erect, pubescent, branched. Leaves are oblong-ovate, opposite, less pubescent than the stem, up to 14 cm long. Inflorescences are formed in the upper corners of the stem leaves. The inflorescence is a large crown, up to 1 cm in diameter. The petals of the flower crown are ovoid, yellow. The flower has five stamens, 2 stamens are shorter than the rest. The fruit is a capsule up to 5 mm in diameter.

Photo. Common loafers

Perennial blooms from June to August. The seeds are spread by the wind. It grows in nature along the banks of reservoirs, in low-lying peat bogs, in drying reservoirs, ditches, swampy forests, thickets. More often found on moist sandy loams and silty deposits or heavy clays and loams, avoids calcareous soils. Prefers moderate climatic conditions, neutral, moist soils.

Verbeynik is considered a medicinal plant. It is used in folk medicine as a diuretic, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, the simplest antifungal and antiviral agent. Increases mucus secretion, the process of absorption of nutrients from the intestines into the blood, stimulates the secretion of gastric juice, bile, intestinal juice.

For decorative purposes, it is used to fill the edges of reservoirs. In the past, its leaves were used in the national economy to obtain yellow and green dyes for fabrics.

Cartilage

Lysimachia thyrsiflora (lat.Lysimachia thyrsiflora) is a plant used for cultivation near stakes, ponds. The perennial grows wildly and can be successfully used for the arrangement of rural and naturalistic gardens. The species has an erect stem, growing to a height of 70 cm. The stems are surrounded by lanceolate leaves. Small yellow flowers are collected in bunches. Blooms from May to June.

Point

Lysimachia punctata is one of the most popular species. This perennial plant is found at the edge of humid forests. Perennial grows to a height of 100-120 cm. Creates straight, angular stems, covered with lanceolate-oval leaves. The flowers are small, yellow, collected in several pieces in the axils of the leaves. Blooms from June to August. It is often used to create high ridges (grows in the shade), decorate the edges of reservoirs. The species is used in gardens to quickly cover large areas.

Alexander is a Lysimachia punctata cultivar that grows to a height of 80 cm. From June to August it blooms with yellow flowers that look beautiful against a background of green leaves with creamy edging. The variety is often grown in a garden near water bodies, in damp places.

Coin-shaped

Coin (coin) loosestrife is also called Meadow tea (lat.Lysimachia nummularia). Can grow in swamps. It can be grown as a ground cover - the plant produces long shoots up to 60 cm. It grows in the shade - under the crown of trees. It can be used as a decoration for rockeries, flower beds, ponds. The plant is curly, decorative with leaves (oval, light green or yellowish - for example, in the "Aurea" variety), and flowers (yellow with a radiant shape). The perennial blooms from June to August with small yellow flowers.

The creeping loosestrife perfectly covers damp and shady areas of the garden, replacing lawns. Used in wastelands, shady areas of rockeries, on garden paths.

Photo. Loose mint

The loosestrife variety "Aurea" is a creeping perennial with golden leaves and star-shaped golden yellow flowers. In the garden, it is used in light and shady positions. Quickly creates a dense golden veil, brightening the dark corners of the garden.

Goldilocks is an attractive groundcover. Light yellow flowers, shoots tightly covered with round golden yellow leaves, blooms from May to July.

Lily of the valley

Lily of the valley or lily of the valley, cage-shaped (lat.Lysimachia clethroides), came from the Far East, homeland - Japan, China. In its natural environment, perennial grows in humid forests, ravines, sunny mountain slopes, up to an altitude of 2100 m above sea level.

The species reaches a height of 60-90 cm, has long lanceolate leaves. In the upper part of each shoot, long inflorescences grow - clusters. Unlike other species, lily of the valley flowers are white. Snow-white flowers up to 12 cm in diameter are enclosed in dense arched inflorescences. Blooms from July to September. Looks good planted in flower beds and on the lawn. It is worth planting the plant in large groups. It is a valuable specimen in oriental gardens.

Photo. Lily of the valley

Ciliated

Ciliated loam (Lysimachia ciliata) is an ornamental perennial with yellow flowers with red markings. Flowers appear in June, decorate the garden until August, grow on tall stems reaching a height of 100-120 cm.


Nivyanik pests

The hero of the article is resistant to pests. They usually "conquer" weakened plants. Excessive or insufficient watering, unsuccessful shady location can "mow down" them. Then the flowers are settled:

  1. Thrips. These are small insects with an elongated body and the same narrow wings. On chamomile petals, thrips look like black dots, darkening the snow-white of the buds.
  2. Miners. This is the name of the larvae of flies or moths. They settle in the leaves, making moves in them.
  3. Pennits. These are homoptera insects from the cicada family. Pennies have bubble-filled saliva. Insects envelop her leaf stalks and stems.

After prolonged downpours, white spots with the same bloom and a brown border may appear on the leaves of the daisy. This is giardiasis. White rot is also likely. With her, the bases of the stems are destroyed, covered with a milky bloom.


Verbeinik: species and varieties

In our country, gardeners grow several main types of loosestrife, which not only winter well in the open field, but are also unpretentious in care. All types and varieties of loosestrife can be easily bought in specialized stores, or taken from advanced neighbors in the country.

Popular types of loosestrife:

  • Common loafers (lat. Lysimachia vulgaris) is a perennial plant that grows in nature along the shores of lakes and swamps, in meadows and forests (on moist soil). The height of the bush is up to 1 meter. Propagated by seeds and creeping rhizome. The flowers of the common loosestrife are yellow with brownish spots at the base. Blooms in summer - June-August. Good honey plant. Can grow in water.
  • Lily of the valley (lat. Lysimachia clethroides) is a perennial plant with an erect stem, blooming with small white flowers, collected in spike-shaped inflorescences. Lily of the valley loosestrife blooms in late June - early July for three weeks. Geisha and Lady Jane are popular among gardeners.
  • Loose mint (lat. Lysimachia nummularia) is a creeping, ground cover species of loosestrife known as meadow tea or meadowsweet. A popular type of loosestrife that loves waterlogged soil near swamps and rivers. It grows well in the shade, but blooms earlier in a sunny place - in May-June. The frost resistance of the coin loosestrife is mediocre, so the plant often freezes out in winter. Aurea is the most popular variety of coin loosestrife. Looseweed (Lysimachia nummularia) is a popular ground cover type of loosestrife. Photo: H. Zell @ Wikipedia
  • Verbeynik point (lat. Lysimachia punctata) is a perennial herb with erect shoots, blooming with lemon-yellow flowers growing at the tops of the shoots. Spotted loosestrife blooms throughout July. Popular varieties: Alexander and Golden Alexander. Spotted loaf (Lysimachia punctata), variety Golden Alexander. Photo: F.D.Richards
  • Verbeinik Dubravny (lat. Lysimachia nemorum) is a perennial herbaceous ground cover plant, the height of the shoots is up to 30 cm.It blooms in May-July with yellow flowers. Verbeinik is oak. Photo: Easy Wildflowers
  • Purple loosestrife (lat. Lysimachia purpurea) is a perennial herb with dark burgundy leaves, blooming with yellow flowers. Lostweed purple loves to grow in a sunny place. Blooms in late summer - August. Purple loosestrife (Lysimachia purpurea). Photo: Acabashi
  • Looseberry black-purple (lat. Lysimachia atropurpurea) is a perennial herb with a shoot height of up to 1 meter. Inflorescences are spicate, decorated with burgundy flowers, up to black. Especially popular is the French variety "Beaujolais" (Beaujolais) with black and purple flowers. Flowering begins in late July - early August.
  • Crowded-flowered loosestrife(lat. Lysimachia congestiflora) is a herbaceous plant that blooms with golden yellow flowers. Depending on the variety, the foliage can be green or maroon, with veins. Popular varieties: Persian Chocolate, Outback sunset, Shooting stars, etc. Crowded-flowered loosestrife (Lysimachia congestiflora), Outback Sunset cultivar. Photo: GardenTags
  • Loafers ephemeral (lat. Lysimachia ephemerum) is a perennial herb, resistant to severe frosts, with spike-shaped inflorescences covered with pinkish flowers. The height of the shoots can reach 1 meter. The ephemeral loosestrife is an aggressive plant that grows rapidly, capturing new territories. Ephemeral loosestrife (Lysimachia ephemerum) is an aggressive plant, despite its seeming ephemerality. Photo: www.plantstoplant.com
  • Verbeynik brush-colored (lat. Lysimachia thyrsiflora) - the most moisture-loving type of loosestrife, can grow in water - in a swamp and in reservoirs in shallow water. The height of erect shoots rarely exceeds 60 cm. The flowers are yellow, reminiscent of pussy willow flowers. Blooms in late May - early June. Looseweed (Lysimachia thyrsiflora) is the most moisture-loving type of loosestrife. Photo: Krzysztof Ziarnek @ Wikipedia

The medicinal properties of common loosestrife

The medicinal properties of common loosestrife are not widely used in folk medicine, and scientific medicine does not at all recognize loosestrife as a medicinal plant. However, loosestrife contains tannins, saponins and ascorbic acid, which means it can be useful as a general strengthening, wound healing and hemostatic agent.

In alternative medicine in China and Tibet, loosestrife is used to heal festering wounds, skin diseases, stomatitis and thrush. For medicinal purposes, fresh foliage and loosestrife flowers are used, which are applied to wounds to accelerate healing. Dried loosestrife roots are ground into powder and are used to heal burns and cuts.

Important: given the hemostatic properties of loosestrife, the plant is contraindicated for people with increased blood clotting, suffering from thrombosis, varicose veins, atherosclerosis and hypertension.

Water loosestrife infusion used in folk medicine to stop internal bleeding. Recipe: 1 tbsp. a spoonful of dry loosestrife leaves per 200 ml of boiling water, cool slowly, drain. Take 3 times a day for a spoon.

Looseberry tincture on vodka will help to restore strength after a long illness. Recipe: 2 tbsp. Pour 200 ml of vodka with 200 ml of vodka of fresh loose grass, seal and remove in a dark place for 5 days, then strain. Take 20 drops 4 times daily before meals.

Herbal tea with loosestrife helps against headaches and colds. Recipe: take 1 tbsp. spoonful of loosestrife, rosemary and chamomile, pour two glasses of boiling water and leave for 5 minutes.


Loose mint

Loose mint (Lysimachia nummularia) completely different from the previous view. It is a typical ground cover plant. Its stems, about 30 cm long, rise above the ground by no more than 5 cm. They spread over the soil, sprout roots and thus quickly spread.

The leaves of this species are bright green and rounded, also sitting opposite. In the middle of summer, small yellow flowers bloom on the shoots, making the loosestrife rug very elegant. Flowering lasts up to 20 days.


Monet loam is in bloom. Photo from the site vsi-roslini.com.ua

A very unpretentious and ornamental plant, it quickly spreads, growing both in the shade and in a place open to the sun, it can survive drought and flooding. There is a variety 'Aurea' with golden yellow leaves.


Loose leaf variety 'Aurea'


Watch the video: How To Grow Verbena Annual