Cleaner: planting and care in the open field, growing from seeds, photo
Purist (lat.Stachys), or stachis - a genus of dwarf shrubs or herbaceous perennials and annuals of the Yasnotkovye family. "Stakhis" means "ear": this is how the inflorescences of the chisel look like. The homeland of stachis is Asia Minor and the Balkans, from where it spread throughout Europe and Asia and eventually became a cultivated plant.
There are more than 300 species in the genus, found today everywhere except New Zealand and Australia. The purse is grown as an ornamental and medicinal plant.
Planting and caring for the cleaner
- Bloom: in August about 4 weeks.
- Landing: sowing seeds for seedlings in early March, planting seedlings in open ground - in the second half of May.
- Lighting: bright light or partial shade.
- The soil: moisture-absorbing sandy and rocky soils of alkaline and neutral reaction.
- Watering: regular, but moderate: the plant is watered only in dry season, in normal weather there is enough natural precipitation.
- Top dressing: twice a season with rotted compost.
- Hilling: at the very beginning of flowering.
- Reproduction: seeds, cuttings, tubers and dividing the bush.
- Pests and diseases: the plant is very resistant.
Read more about the cultivation of the chitosene below.
All terrestrial parts of the stachis are distinguished by dense pubescence, including the leaves, which is why it is called "chistets - sheep's ears". The stachis reaches a height of 1 m. The leaves are opposite, serrated or whole, the flowers are lilac, purple, pink, yellow or white, collected in false whorls, forming spike-shaped inflorescences. The fruit is a triangular oblong or ovoid nut.
Growing a purse from seeds
When to plant
The purée herb is propagated by seeds, tubers, cuttings and dividing the bush. The seeds of the nettle have a high germination rate. They are sown in seedlings in late winter or early spring. The crops are watered, covered with foil and placed in a warm place. Seedlings appear within a month, and after the seedlings form the first pair of leaves, they dive.
How to plant
In the second half of May, when the threat of recurrent frosts has passed, the seed purse is planted in open ground. The best place for it is a sunny area or partial shade, and the plant is undemanding to the composition of the soil: it grows well both on sandy and rocky soils of a neutral or alkaline reaction. The only prerequisite is a high moisture content of the soil.
The holes are placed at a distance of 15-20 cm from each other, at the bottom of each of them drainage material is laid - pebbles, pebbles or coarse sand, which is sprinkled on top with a layer of soil with humus. Then the seedlings, together with the earthen clod, are transferred into the holes, and after embedding they are watered abundantly.
Caring for the cleaner in the garden
Planting a cleanser and caring for him is not time consuming. You will need to regularly water the plant, remove weeds around it and loosen the soil, and at the very beginning of flowering, huddle.
Watering should be moderate: moisture stagnation in the roots should not be allowed, so the plant is watered only in dry season, otherwise the purse may shed its leaves.
Fertilize the cleanser with rotted compost, which is introduced into the soil once a season.
Cultivation of a purse requires pruning of shoots spreading beyond the boundaries of the site, otherwise the plant may seize territories that are not intended for it. Keep in mind that the scrub weed will be difficult to remove as it is easily self-seeding. To prevent seeds from sprouting on the ground and sprouting uncontrollably, cut off the flower stems during the budding period. It is also necessary to remove nondescript inflorescences because they reduce the decorative effect of the flower bed.
In one place, the flowers of the purse can grow for several years, however, over time, a void forms in the middle of the outlet, therefore, once every 3-4 years, young rosettes are planted in the center of the bush.
Pests and diseases
Pests and diseases are rarely affected by pests and diseases.
Purée after flowering
The perennial chisel tolerates cold well and requires shelter only in a very cold and snowless winter: to protect it from frost, it is covered with spruce branches. But even if the chisel normally endures the cold winter, it can die in spring from waterlogging if its roots stay in melt water for a long time. Consider this when choosing a site for stachis.
Types and varieties
Woolly chisel (Stachys lanata)
There are not many types of chitose cultivated in the culture. Most often on flower beds you can find woolly chisel, or woolen chisel, or Byzantine chisel, or “sheep's ears” chisel (Stachys byzantiana). This plant comes from Transcaucasia, northwestern regions of Turkey and Iran, and from the south of the European part of Russia. It is a rhizome perennial with a height of 20 to 60 cm with tetrahedral, erect and slightly leafy stems, thick spatulate or oblong-linear leaves, narrowed towards the base and densely pubescent with white felt. The flowers of this species are small, lilac or mauve, collected in dense spike-shaped inflorescences. The species has been cultivated since 1782. The most famous variety of the species is Silver Carpet - a plant only 15 cm high, forming a dense silvery carpet.
One-year old purse (Stachys annua)
distributed in Europe, Asia Minor and Western Siberia. Its stems are 15 to 35 cm high, simple or branched, usually bare below, shortly pubescent at the top. The lower leaves are crenate, oblong, wedge-shaped at the base, the upper leaves are sharp, serrate, lanceolate, sessile. Whitish-yellowish flowers are collected in long spike-shaped inflorescences. The fruit is a nut. The one-year-old is a honey plant.
Forest chase (Stachys sylvatica)
grows naturally in Turkey, the Caucasus, Europe, Central Asia, China and on the territory of Russia. The plant reaches a height of 35 to 120 cm. Its stems are straight, ascending, soft-haired. Stem leaves are petiolate, crenate-serrate, pointed to the apex, ovoid-cordate, and the apical leaves are sessile, oblong, whole-edged, light green on the upper side, gray-green below. Inflorescences are long, six to eight-flowered.
Marsh chase (Stachys palustris)
or thistle, or chernosebennik, or grate, or tenacious distributed throughout Europe, in regions of Asia with a temperate climate from China to Iran, in Turkey, Siberia and the European part of Russia. The plant reaches a height of 120 cm. It is densely pubescent with rough long hairs. The lower leaves are oblong, sharp, round or cordate at the base, finely toothed at the edges, and the upper leaves are entire, ovate-lanceolate, sessile, long-pointed. Spike-shaped inflorescences consist of 6-10 purple-purple flowers.
Grandiflora (Stachys grandiflora)
grows in the Caucasus and Asia Minor. It is a perennial from 20 to 30 cm high. Its leaves are long-petiolate, cordate or rounded, crenate along the edge. Large flowers are collected in capitate inflorescences and are located on a leafless peduncle up to 50 cm high.This plant has several decorative forms, for example:
- alba - with white flowers;
- superba - with pink to purple flowers.
Officinalis (Stachys officinalis)
is a Eurasian species with a wide habitat from 50 to 100 cm in height with crenate, oblong, heart-shaped at the base ovoid leaves. Basal leaves are long-petiolized, upper leaves are almost sessile. The spiky inflorescence consists of purple or dark pink hairy flowers.
In addition to the species described, fluffy, alpine, lavender, straight, narrow-leaved, field, Germanic, Cretan and many others are also known.
The properties of the purifier - harm and benefit
Among the types of purée there are those that have useful properties and are used, if not in official, then in folk medicine. For example, woolly chisel is not a pharmacopoeial plant, but it is widely used among the people, since it has a cardiotonic, hypotensive, hemostatic and antispasmodic effect. And its preparations (decoction, tincture or dry extract) are used to lower blood pressure, for colds, nervous system disorders, tuberculosis, eczema, mastopathy, scrofula and other diseases.
The forest scrub is used in gynecological and obstetric practice, both in folk and official medicine. Its preparations also have a hemostatic effect and are used for uterine bleeding of any nature. In addition, preparations of the ground part of stachis have anti-inflammatory and wound healing effects and are used to treat eczema, hemorrhoids, purulent wounds, ulcers, and cuts. Purist is included in fees that improve the blood supply to the brain, in the treatment of hysteria, epilepsy and fainting.
But, despite the many healing properties, the purist has a number of contraindications. It should not be used by patients with hepatitis, nephritis, bronchial asthma, hypertension, angina pectoris, convulsions, as well as pregnant, lactating and children. The purse is also contraindicated for those who have an individual intolerance to this plant.
- Read the topic on Wikipedia
- Features and other plants of the Lamiaceae family
- List of all species on The Plant List
- More information on World Flora Online
- Information about Garden Plants
- Information on Perennial Plants
- Information about Herbaceous plants
- Information about Annual Plants
- Information about medicinal plants
- Information about medicinal plants
- Information about the Shrub
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Description of culture
The Chistets belongs to the Yasnotkov family. Under natural conditions, the culture grows in the temperate zone: Europe, South and North America, Africa. It is an unpretentious herb that is used as a decoration in landscaping or floriculture.
No wonder he was given the name "woolly", the leaves are covered with soft-touch hairs that resemble animal hair. The leaves are elongated, in the form of "hare ears". The leaves are collected in rosettes, in the center of which, during the flowering period, a long stem with inflorescences appears. The height of an adult plant is up to 30 cm. Flowering is observed from June to September. Inflorescences have bell-shaped cups with sharp petals. The color can be yellow, pink, white or lilac, depending on the type of plant.
The flower is replaced by a fruit-box: a nut with three sides. Inside it are the seeds of the purifier. To achieve some decorative goals, gardeners cut off flowering shoots, in this case the plant is used as a low-growing framing of country paths, flower beds or part of a panel composition andplants of different colors.
The roots are not branched, they go deep into the soil. On the rhizome, you can see small elongated tubers.
It is a perennial plant that predominantly reproduces by dividing the bush. Much less often seeds or tubers. Reproduction by dividing the bush also has a purely practical function: the purse grows rapidly, and in order to control its shape, it is worth periodically thinning the bushes.
The marsh chase grows up to 1.1 m in height and has finely toothed leaves and a drooping stem. This type of plant blooms with small purple-purple flowers. The marsh chine contains a lot of useful substances: coumarins, pectins, astringents, essential oils, organic acids, flavonoids, sugars, carotenoids and vitamin C. The marsh chum is able to have a moderate sedative effect on the human body, and it also stimulates the blood circulation. Marsh chase is considered the most used in folk medicine.
It is used to quickly heal cuts, wounds, abrasions, abscesses and bruises. An aqueous and alcoholic infusion of the marsh purse is taken orally for the treatment of nervous disorders and tantrums, lichen and eczema, diathesis, gout, high blood pressure, cerebral stroke. In the treatment of the above diseases, the infusion of the purse is used only as an adjuvant in the composition of complex therapy. The use of infusions of the marsh purse helps restore the menstrual cycle and stop uterine bleeding. Also used infusions for rinsing with angina. Baths with a decoction of the marsh purse help in the treatment of scrofula and various skin diseases. An alcoholic tincture is prepared as follows: 3 teaspoons of the marsh purse are poured with a glass of vodka and infused for 7 days, filtered.
The infusion should be taken twice a day, 20 drops (the infusion is diluted with water before use). The forest purse has a long curly rhizome, erect tetrahedral stems and dark crimson flowers. This type of plant is used as an effective hemostatic agent. It has wood celandine and moderate sedative properties. Woolly chisel is a popular ornamental plant that also has medicinal properties. Therefore, the woolly chisel is grown not only as a decoration for gardens and parks, but also for the preparation of medicinal raw materials.
Often the woolly chisel is called the Byzantine chisel or rabbit ears. The Byzantine Chistess is able to exert hypotensive, analgesic and cardiotonic effects on the human body. Also, the woolly purse has a stimulating effect on the contraction of the muscles of the uterine walls. To lower the pressure or decrease the amplitude of heart contractions, take a dry extract, tincture or decoction of the woolly purse. A decoction of the rhizome of the Byzantine purse helps with colic and has an antispasmodic effect. In addition to the Byzantine, forest and marsh purse, there are many more varieties of this plant.
In the woolen purse, there are undersized, non-flowering varieties and with white flowers:
- Sheep ears - the height of the bush reaches 30 cm, the bloom is pink-lilac
- Silver Carpet is a low-growing variety, the plant does not grow more than 15 cm, does not form flowers, covering the soil entirely with a silvery blanket
- Marvel - high grade, grows up to 50 cm
- Cotton Ball - characterized by the fact that it does not form flowers and stems, propagating vegetatively
- Big Ears - this variety has large leaves, up to 25 cm
- Striped Phantom is one of the best variegated varieties, characterized by leaves with a longitudinal white stripe
- Silky Fleece is a plant of medium height, up to 25 cm, with purple flowers and white fluffy leaves
- Sheila Macqueen is a medium-sized bush with pubescent leaves and no flowers at all
- Primrose Heron - among other varieties, it stands out for the color of the leaves in the spring, at first they are yellow, and then they become the usual silvery shade, blooms with delicate pink flowers.
You should not delay for a long time with transplanting seedlings into open ground, since the root system of the statice tends to grow rapidly.
You can plant seedlings in open ground in late spring, when the threat of frost blows at night.
In order for the statice to grow well and delight for a long time with its flowering, you will have to follow a number of rules when planting:
- The landing site should be open and well-lit by the sun.... The plant is not afraid of the direct rays of the sun, but in the shade or in partial shade it will not grow and bloom. The root system will start to rot in dark conditions.
- The distance between the seedlings should be about 30 cm... This will allow the plants to grow well and bloom profusely and beautifully.
- The soil for planting should be loose and have a good drainage layer.... Stagnant water can be hazardous to crops. Mineral soils, as well as rich in lime, are excellent for statice.
Statice is an unpretentious culture, so leaving is not difficult. It is rarely necessary to water the plant. This is due to the adaptability of the flower to receive moisture from rain and night dew. The drooping lower leaves will warn about the lack of watering.
Experienced flower growers recommend watering the statice with a salt solution. To prepare it, you need to take 7 teaspoons of salt and 10 liters of water. Watering with brine should be done no more than once a season.
Frequent feeding is not recommended. Sometimes it is enough to apply complex mineral fertilizers only at the time of planting. If the soil is poor in nutrients, then it is recommended to apply liquid fertilizers once every two weeks.
Application in the garden
Daffodils are planted in flower beds along with other flowers, in the form of early flowering plants. When they have faded, other flowers and ornamental plants cover the yellowed daffodil leaves. These spring flowers are traditionally combined in flower beds with later blooming tulips and peonies, which will cover the drying leaves of daffodils.
To provide flowers with moist and fertile soil, to create the mood of a semi-shady forest, you can plant them, for example, between rhododendrons. Hosta is a good neighbor for daffodils. Its large leaves effectively cover the yellowed daffodil leaves. Small varieties of daffodils are suitable for creating carpet beds in rock gardens.
Before planting, you need to carefully consider the place - daffodils look best in groups of several dozen flowers, but they should not grow too close to the curb. It is ideal to separate them from the edge of the flower bed with low plants:
- ground cover species.
Classic daffodils grow to a height of over 65 cm, dwarf varieties reach a maximum of 30-32 cm.
Interesting fact. Narcissus is used medicinally to fight Alzheimer's disease. In Japanese medicine, its roots are used to heal wounds.
In rocky gardens, it is recommended to grow dwarf varieties that have a large color accent - for example:
- yellow variety Tête à Tête,
- white-yellow Canalicatus,
- yellow-orange Jetfire.
Large varieties that look great in traditional flower beds, for example:
- yellow dick wilden,
- yellow-orange Fortissimo,
- white and yellow Ice Folies.
Garden daffodils can be used as cut flowers, which are especially popular around Easter. They can be cut while the flower is closed in the bud without cutting off the leaves.
Daffodils are beautiful flowers with high resistance and low demands. Their easy maintenance makes them ideal flowers for people who don't have time to care for demanding plants. The variety of species and varieties makes them suitable for flower beds and lawns.