New solutions in garden design
New non-standard solutions in garden design
Time-tested traditional plant compositions and perfected over the centuries variants of small architectural forms for the garden enjoy unchanged success all over the world. However, neglecting the search for new solutions in the design of gardens is as foolish as refusing to write new poems, referring to the great poetic heritage of mankind. Original modern projects, expressive, harmonious and progressive, cause sincere admiration. The best of them are destined to become the same classics over the years. There are many names for non-standard garden solutions, among which the most common are "minimalism", "avant-garde" and high-teck. The idea of any of the listed landscape styles has not been formed very clearly today. The concept of high-teck is especially controversial. The press is replete with descriptions of high-tech gardens in which "chaotically planted plants make their way through rusty iron."
Without pretending to be the ultimate truth, let us say that high-teck is literally translated as "high-tech", that is, the design should contain certain objects, the very appearance of which in the garden became possible only thanks to the progress of technology. Any hand-made is "contraindicated" to this style, on the contrary, all the items used should ideally be made mainly at the factory, by the flow method. And from this point of view, the garden, in which modern halogen lamps are built into the canvas of the garden path, is much more hi-tech than those compositions where rusted piles of metal act as style-forming elements.
The extreme form of the high-teck garden style was the garden offered to the audience at the exhibition in Chelsea the year before last, in which there was not a single living plant at all, but only their imitation, and made from materials of the latest generations. The project did not gain much fame for itself - this is understandable: situations brought to the point of absurdity rarely arouse public sympathy.
Nevertheless, there are so many deviations from the classics in our time that it is impossible to close our eyes to this. In order not to get confused in questions of terminology, let us designate everything that will be discussed today as a garden vanguard. Let us not forget that everything new is well forgotten old, and with such a complacent mood we will try to look at those modern garden design options that will allow us to feel like people of the 21st century.
Light and color
The easiest and most reliable way to impress the layman "not intimidated" by progressive gardens is to use an automatic garden lighting system in the garden. In an avant-garde garden, preference should be given to lamps made in a minimalist style. Together with the original solutions for the illumination of reservoirs, such options are quite rightly perceived as ultramodern.
The colors of small architectural forms for a classic garden are natural, soft, imitating natural, natural shades. And therefore, as soon as something radically red or piercing yellow appears on the garden horizon, it is already perceived as a rebellion against the ordinary. However, the "iconic" color of the avant-garde gardens became bright blue. In nature, it is not so common: blue foliage does not exist at all, and there are much fewer plants with blue or cornflower-blue petals than pink, white or red buds. Meanwhile, blue goes well with the dominant greenery in the gardens. It is also a deeply revered shade in all esoteric sciences, and since many modern gardens claim to be conceptual compositions, somewhat mystical, the popularity of this color is natural and understandable.
You can use color in the most unexpected ways. You can follow the path of radical investment in your garden and make colored glass steles in the garden - large, flat and more like doors, behind which, of course, a certain secret is hiding ... There is an option as simple as possible - to use a dump of wood chips on the flower beds. - some bright color, since the garden centers now offer such dumps in abundance. You can try to repeat the act of American landscape architects, who put blue plastic bottles on the branches of a dried bush. In combination with the iron masks installed there and the unusual selection of plants, this makes an impression ...
So, do not be afraid of color, experiment, dare; it's never too late to return to the classics.
Who will deny himself the pleasure of building a reservoir on his personal plot! The classics of the genre are a babbling fountain, a running stream or a small pond. However, why then should we achieve progress? With their help, you can arrange a real revelry of the water element, even if the site is small in size! It is only necessary to be puzzled by the installation of the appropriate equipment (powerful pumps and purification systems), and also not to forget to correctly highlight the hydrotechnical miracle under construction in order to be able to admire the stormy stream in the darkness of the night.
A pond can become a less costly structure, but it should be made unusual, with intensive use of geoplastics, creating, for example, high embankments that abruptly drop off to the water. The bridge across such a reservoir should be as non-standard as possible, and, on the contrary, it is advisable to plant the most natural vegetation that can be found at every step, barely leaving the garden fence. Such a contrast will play into the hands of those who like to shock the adherents of the classics - the effect is guaranteed.
Decorating the side of a garden pond with ultra-modern materials, decorating the shore with avant-garde sculptures and at the same time planting garden classics here - standard plants or topiary forms - is a simple and convincing way to demonstrate your aspiration for tomorrow based on old, good traditions. When attracting garden sculpture to the creation of a composition, the main thing is not to get carried away and observe the harmony of lines and proportions in the space being formed, so that from being near the pond there is a feeling of light coolness, as, in fact, from the water itself.
One of the favorite tricks of today's gardeners is the use of galvanized vessels "for household purposes" in the most unexpected way. The French create giant watering cans, which are supplied with water by means of pumps, and, flowing out, does not fall to the ground, but continues on its way in the garden along a gutter raised above the ground made of the same metal. By the way, such a reservoir solves the issue of "watering" in areas with high groundwater. Often, galvanized troughs and baths are used as a small artificial garden reservoir, which were previously recommended to be masked with bulk soil. Today, the more frank, the better.
Glass and mirror
Many garden compositions, being essentially classical, can radically "rejuvenate" if display glass or glass sculptures are correctly applied in the garden. Glass is a more than appropriate material in a garden, as it is as fragile as Nature itself. Incredibly colors the garden and makes it unusual to use large glass aquariums. At one time, a giant imitation of an aquarium, presented to the world at the Expo 2000 exhibition in Hanover, made a lot of noise.
In the role of algae there were ordinary birches, medium-sized boulders were used as pebbles, and the visitors of this garden actually served as fish. Moreover, thanks to the bridges laid high above the ground "fish people" had the opportunity to "swim" between the tops of birches - quite original and funny ...
Mirrors in the garden, as in any other limited volume, work for space. The main thing is not to overdo it with their use, so that there is no complete loss of orientation in space. As with the use of glass forms, arranging stylish mirror "things" among the greenery, you should take care of the safety of both the actual objects that can be accidentally destroyed, and the people who are faced with a transparent-fragile material.
Photo by the author
Basics of decorating an Italian garden
Symmetry and austere layouts form the basis of Italian gardens. In projects, everything obeys classical geometry. The tone of the entire design is set by axes (tracks) and composition centers - indispensable objects that define and outline the style.
Axles should be laid even when arranging a separate area (for example, a recreation area or a secret garden) in the Italian style. They set the tone for the arrangement and indicate the main direction of movement. In the Italian style, the main, longitudinal axis and transverse lateral axes, going at right angles to it, are always distinguished, on which the main objects and elements are located - composition centers. There should not be a tricky and complex division in the garden - everything is drawn with simple lines along which the main objects of a strict form are located. And you need to start from the most important architectural element of the site - the house, placing the rest of the compositional elements one after the other.
Compositional centers for the Italian style:
1. The first compositional center is the house. The central axis is always laid so that the house remains either on it or on the first side line perpendicular to the central longitudinal axis of the garden.
2. Parterre. The flat garden, which is located on a fairly large area in the flattest part of the garden or near the house, is a kind of center and the main walking area, filled with ceremonial solemnity. Flower beds and fountains, pergolas and paths intertwine, creating a geometric walking park area. In the parterre, statues and supports for vines are actively used, usually limiting it from the rest of the garden with a stone wall or an imitation of an amphitheater.
3. A body of water or a series of bodies of water, a fountain or a series of fountains. It is impossible to imagine an Italian garden without water bodies. A classic round pond with a multi-tiered classic fountain or sculpture in the center is just one of the variations. Roman wall fountains, portable compact models, “flat” reservoirs of round, rectangular or oval shape are visual centers that fill Italian gardens with life.
4. Secret garden, or secret corner (giardino segreto)... This is a corner hidden from any view, completely enclosed by green or stone walls, designed for solitude, meditation and relaxation. It is one of the most famous attributes of Italian style. Giardino segreto is often equipped separately, inspired by the unique monastery atmosphere of amazing gardens, in which benches are surrounded by strict flower beds, medicinal and spicy flower beds.
5. The recreation area is a terrace or a large paved area brought out into the garden with comfortable furniture and a potted garden. Often, the main recreation area is also located near the reservoir. Wherever it is placed, the Italian style always makes it cool, shady and as intimate as possible. Stone paving, a wooden platform or decorative ceramic tiles that delimit the seating area are not the main thing for the Italian style (as well as the style or character of the furniture). The main thing is comfort and coziness, the use of the maximum area for the pot garden. The main seating area, given a sufficient area of the site, can be supplemented with a raised gazebo or patio with a canopy, hidden tea corners and benches.
Plants planted in hanging pots or pots are asking for a small garden. Arrange them near your home, plant aromatic herbs or ampel varieties in them petunias, which will delight you with both flowering and aroma from early summer to autumn. The main thing is to make sure that the ground does not dry out in them, water often or place them in some shade.
For the design of a small garden, round shapes are very suitable. Even a small garden is unthinkable without trees. But that doesn't mean you should only plant small, dwarf forms. Plant one large tree in the center of your garden and arrange a resting area around it in a circle. You will be able to relax on a hot day under the crown of this tree, and in the evening you can have joint tea-drinking with your family. You can lay out a round pond, plant water lilies in it, plant a coin loosestrife, marigold, and bubbly sedge along the edge of the reservoir.
Optical illusions in the design of small gardens
In order to visually expand the small space of your garden, it is enough to lay out curved, winding paths. By themselves, the winding and rounded paths visually correct the shape of the garden, especially if they lead to nowhere, for example, towards the fence, where they are hidden by dense greenery. It looks like your garden continues around the bend.
Another optical effect for expanding space is reflection, but what can create reflection in your garden? Of course a small body of water. It can be like a small stream or a small artificial pond. Just do not get carried away by fountains, as the noise of pouring water may not be pleasant to your neighbors.
A mirror can also create a reflection in your garden, if placed correctly, it will seem that your garden has a continuation.
Plants for a small garden
Holly - both as a shrub and as a small tree will perfectly fit into your garden.
Laurel noble - has become a popular plant for decorating mini-gardens, front gardens, courtyards. If you cut it regularly every summer, it will look well-groomed. In a pot, I often use it as a topiary.
Yew berry - a frost-resistant shrub with dense greenery and red berries, which is suitable for creating a topiary. Yew can grow in the shade, grows quickly, so he needs a haircut twice a year.
Japanese aralia or fatsia - an evergreen shrub with rounded leaves will delight you with a bizarre play of shadows cast from the leaves. The main thing is to make sure that it does not dry out and cut it twice a year, and it will be fluffy and thick.
Irga Lamarca its copper-colored foliage, and sargent cherry, bright red color in autumn will not leave anyone indifferent.
Hosts, ferns will grow even in shaded areas of your garden.
Lightness of the garden will give panicles giant feather grass and white inflorescences, similar to sharp peaks, veronicastrum virginian.
Miscanthus chinese its dark red inflorescences and bright leaves imperates cylindrical will be able to revive the cold atmosphere of the garden, which is often created by concrete or brick structures.
Derain Japanese in June it will delight you with white delicate flowers (height 120-150cm).
I hope my article is about small garden design turned out to be useful to you. Until next time on the blog. Subscribe to blog updates and receive articles to your mail.
70+ Garden Design Ideas: Natural Splendor On Your Site
Quiet calm place for relaxation and pleasant pastime
Wonderful landscape design of a country estate
An interesting solution for a corner garden in a modern vision
The design of the garden, regardless of how many hectares are allocated for it, should fully support and emphasize the general style chosen for the site. If the site is new, then you must first draw up a general design of the garden and vegetable garden:
- first of all, it is necessary to determine the size and position of the house, the presence of a garage and other outbuildings, because their placement is quite strictly regulated by the current legislation and construction standards (rules)
- in general, the site can be divided into several zones. The first is residential buildings, the second is an utility building (outbuildings, a garage and a vegetable garden), the third is a garden, and the fourth is a playground. However, this division is rather arbitrary, the style and layout of the garden should take into account the wishes and hobbies of all family members, because the children will need to splash out their energy somewhere, and the grandmother will have to delve into the beds with her own hands.
- the design of the winter garden, if planned, should generally support the overall style
- to place the garden, it is better to highlight the northern part of the site so that over time, the conifers and deciduous trees do not shade the site. If such an arrangement is impossible for certain reasons, then it is better to plan tree planting from the side of the prevailing winds in this area - this will help to make the site more comfortable
Plants for the garden should be chosen depending on the level of sunlight in the space allocated for the design. It is this factor that affects the riot of colors during the flowering of many crops.
- imagine how you will move around the garden, where it will be necessary to lay paths, where to place flower beds in the open spaces of the site, and where to create a corner for seclusion
- the lack of space (especially if the plot is only 6 or 8 acres) can be compensated for by the use of multifunctional buildings, for example, a bathhouse can become a guest house, and a swimming pool can be placed near it. A separate gazebo can be replaced by a spacious terrace, on which it will also be possible to place a brazier (barbecue)
Before you start designing the design of your garden, you should walk around the site, fully study it, mentally lay paths, walk along them and determine the places where you feel most comfortable, where you would like to stop and sit.
The vertical garden looks very impressive
The choice of the style and design of the garden is greatly influenced not only by the number of acres, but also much more by the composition of the soil, the relief of the site, the prevailing winds, the proximity of groundwater, etc., as well as what you are ready to do with your own hands, and where you need it professional help. But most importantly, when thinking over the design of the garden, it is important to decide how and for what it will be used. If for fun meetings and get-togethers, then perhaps the gazebo will become the main element of the garden. And if the main purpose of the garden and the site is to become a place of rest and shelter from the bustle of the city, then it is worth considering the creation of secluded, closed from prying eyes, small gazebos.
Three main principles and only three components of a cottage garden
It is no coincidence that the cottage style is called one of the simplest and most affordable. In this style, it is enough not to forget about a few rules and use common templates to achieve an effective result. In fact, it is organized as a garden interior or a garden-living room, playing with the concepts of “home to garden” and “garden to home”.
And if in theory everything may seem complicated, in practice a cottage garden is an idealized landscape that opens up opportunities for improvisation, with dense bright plantings, free space and a cozy atmosphere of colorful perfection.
The design of any cottage garden is based on only three main principles.
- Stylishness... The main task is to create a “picture” garden, in which everything would be impeccable, well-groomed and neat. In such gardens, they do not leave empty soil and even in the matter of organizing a garden, they follow the principle of maximum attractiveness and fashion.
- Conciseness... If in other styles of landscape design they freely flirt with spatial zoning, geometry or imitate nature, highlight separate zones, then in a cottage garden everything is very simple. There is no place here for a series of flower beds and ridges, complex hidden corners, separate pretentious recreation areas. All such a garden is one ceremonial picture and a common "canvas", which is enclosed in decorative lush frames that emphasize the free space.
- Profitability. Cottage gardens are equipped with a minimum number of plants, in a short time and with minimal costs. They use simple and well-adapted traditional cultures to the local climate, and the area under decorative compositions is much smaller than even in regular gardens. This is a garden in which maximum effect is achieved with minimal means. But the main thing that they save on in a cottage style is care. Gardens like these are projects that are easy to maintain and maintain impeccable order.
The organization of cottage gardens is very simple: one common open space, surrounded by lush frames and "diluted" with a decorative vegetable garden.
A fence or hedge around the perimeter of the site is selected at your discretion. But in filling the garden, they are guided by very simple principles and rules. All lush vegetation seems to be collected in large frames or groups, compacted around the house and open space.
There are only three required elements in a cottage style:
- Free (or flat) area - an open space inside the garden, which is traditionally filled only with a lawn. Large lawns giving a sense of elegance and freedom are the basis of the garden and its main element, which is played up and emphasized by the environment.
- Mixborders, landscape flower beds and individual "islands" of plants... Plants surround the house and the entrance to the property, as if creating a welcoming, bright picture for an unforgettable first impression.
The lawn around the perimeter or only on a few sides is surrounded by a lush mixborder, which retains its attractiveness throughout the year. Bright and colorful, laid out in a minimal area, flowering mixborders seem to enclose the garden in lush frames. Individual shrubs or trees are necessarily introduced into them, placing focal points and playing with optical illusions. If the area allows, in the far part of the garden mixborders are changed to large landscape flower beds or arrays.
The flowering frame around the lawn does not have to be linear or straight-edged. She can picturesquely "crawl" onto the lawn, becoming narrower or wider.
Where the picture seems boring or a little flat, separate enlivening accents are placed on the lawn. A small flower garden made of annuals or perennials, a separate bush or tree, a decorative group revitalize the overall look. Plants in flower beds on the lawn should overlap with the general mixborder, and shrubs and trees should have a beautiful silhouette.
- Ornamental vegetable garden and orchard the cottage style is also a must. In such projects, even the beds are decorated as flower beds, making useful things also fashionable. A series of identical tall beds or ordinary ones, but surrounded by a beautiful border, they look like the true center of the garden. You can place a decorative garden both near the house and in the far corner of the garden, and divide it into several parts scattered around the site. Fruit trees, most often, are planted in a mixborder or used as ornamental plants, but sometimes they are also planted in strict "chess" in one of the corners of the plot, combined with flower beds.
The cottage-style recreation area is traditionally designed in the form of a patio and is adjacent to the house, but in the garden itself, you can provide corners for communication with nature. A traditional gazebo or a gravel-covered bark area with comfortable furniture allows you to get closer to the beautiful landscape and enjoy the thoughtful design of the cottage garden. Swings, sun loungers and benches can also be placed directly on the lawn (provided that the selected grass mixture can withstand heavy loads).
The materials in the cottage garden are traditionally limited to the "warmest" and most comfortable - brick, wood and stone chips. It is better to replace "cold" paving of tiles and stone with brick paths and gravel paths, but neat walking paths from modest sidewalk slabs look even better in cottage gardens, the gaps between which are filled with lawn or trample-resistant ground covers.
The main efforts in the design of the garden should be focused on the entrance to the house, on its lush frame. Bright flower beds, beautiful arches, potted accents and decor accessories are placed here, creating a feeling of not only comfort, but also hospitality. The house is literally surrounded by lush frames so that from every room and every angle it seems that it is buried in lush, almost fabulous thickets.
The lush framing of the entrance to the house is one of the indicators of a cottage garden. © Ron Adams
Types of yarrow used in landscape design
Yarrow, or Achilles (Achillea) belongs to the family Astrovykh (Asteraceae). The Latin name for the plant, Achilles, was given to the flower in honor of Achilles, the hero of the Trojan Wars in Greek mythology, who used the plant medicinally to heal the wounds of his soldiers. The genus Yarrow includes about 100 species, but only a few of them are used in ornamental gardening.
Yarrow (Achillea millefolium) is distributed throughout Europe, North America and Asia. The plant has deeply dissected feathery foliage and tiny, persistent white flowers, similar to small daisies, gathered in dense corymbose inflorescences. It is an erect perennial with an average height of 40-90 cm. Varieties and hybrids of yarrow are distinguished by strong stems and have larger flowers of a wide palette of colors.
Yarrow meadowsweet (Achillea filipendulina) grows in Central and Southwest Asia. The leaves are pinnate, composed of separate toothed lobes, they are larger than those of yarrow and are similar to a fern. Flowers are collected in complex scutes (sometimes in panicles), often reaching 13 cm in diameter. The color of the flowers is golden yellow. The inflorescences of this species are more like tansy. Plant height is about a meter, sometimes slightly higher. There are various varieties, most of which have flowers in various shades of yellow or gold.
Yarrow ptarmica (Achillea ptarmica) is a rhizome perennial plant with loose shields of small white flowers that bloom throughout the summer. Leaves are sessile, linear or lanceolate, fine-toothed, fragrant when rubbed. It grows naturally in Europe and Western Asia. In cultivated forms, pure white double flowers resembling buttons or pompons, collected in large branched inflorescences. The height of the bushes is 60 cm.
Also in the culture there are several undersized ground cover species of yarrow, which are grown in rock gardens: silver, Keller, ageratolytic and some others.
Yarrow meadowsweet (Achillea filipendulina). © Lyudmila Svetlitskaya Yarrow (Achillea millefolium), ‘Red Velvet’ variety. © Lyudmila Svetlitskaya