Lophophora (Lophophora) is one of the unique representatives of the genus cactus. The second name that is mentioned in some scientific literature is peyote. There are from 1 to 4 types of cacti in the genus. In the natural area, they are found on the slopes of the mountains nearby with dense shrubs that inhabit Mexico and the United States.

In addition to the unusual appearance, scientists have discovered a rare composition of cell sap, which contains unique sets of alkaloids. The sap of the plant has healing and tonic properties, but it is allowed to be consumed only in limited quantities. Exceeding the dosage can provoke impairment of consciousness and psychological abnormalities. Therefore, the cultivation of lophophora is prohibited in several countries around the world.

By grouping the plant into separate species, botanists were guided by differences in the chemical composition of the sap of cacti. Lophophora sprawling produces a substance called pellotin. Lophophora Williams is characterized by the presence of mescaline in the tissues. The difference in color or structure is almost invisible. Although experienced experts mention one interesting fact that a certain species can show signs of a completely different cactus form.

Description of the lophophore cactus

The main stem resembles a flattened spherical shoot of a greenish-blue hue. Its diameter reaches 15 cm. The surface of the fleshy stem is smooth and velvety to the touch. At first glance, it seems that the body of the shoot is formed from several protruding segments, interlocked with each other. The number of segments is from five pieces or more. The top of the cactus looks like it is splitting into 5 equal parts. It is easy to see bulges on the shell of the stem. Today, a large number of decorative cacti have been bred, in which there are rising pimpled tubercles on the shoots.

The areola is visible in the center of a single segment. From it, thin hairs originate, which are collected in bundles. The color of dense hair tufts is bright straw. Adult cacti are overgrown with hairs mostly on the tops, since young segmental lobes are concentrated here. In the spring, flower buds bloom intensively from this area. The culture blooms in the summer. Inflorescences appear in the form of tubular and multi-petal calyces. The diameter of the flowers usually does not exceed 2 cm. The color palette is predominantly reddish or white. After the withering away of the flowering part, the pink fruits ripen, inside which small black grains are hidden. The width of one fruit is 2-3 cm.

Lophophore cactus has a massive, like a turnip, rhizome, covered with a strong leathery shell. Thickened root processes extend on the sides. In diameter, the stem is not inferior to the root, if measured together with the lateral babies. The root sinks deep into the soil and grows longer than the main stem.

Lophophore cactus care at home

Lofofora is suitable for home cultivation. Like any other cactus, the described species needs comfortable conditions for keeping.

Location and lighting

Stems develop steadily in diffused daylight. However, direct scorching rays that actively penetrate through windows at noon can affect the external color. Instead of the traditional greenish color, the fleshy shoots will take on a red tint. Moreover, the life processes will slow down at the same time, and the plant will not be able to grow fully.


In a warm season, flowerpots with cactus are kept in a room with a moderate temperature. Since the wild relatives of Lophophora are accustomed to hot climates, an increase in the thermometer above 40 ° C does not pose a particular danger. For the winter, the plant is moved to a cool room, where the air temperature does not rise above 10 ° C. During the winter period, the stems have enough natural light for a short day to develop normally.

Watering mode

Watering schedule is influenced by temperature and soil condition. In the summer months, moistening is repeated 1-2 days after the soil mixture dries out at least a third in the pot. With the arrival of September and the first cold weather, the cactus completely ceases to be watered. Watering resumes in the same mode from March. Violation of this rule leads to the rapid formation of putrefactive bacteria on the roots.

Humidity level

Dry air in city apartments will not harm the lofofor. There is no point in arranging additional hydration.

Soil composition

The seed substrate must have a good loose structure and air permeability. Lofofora prefers to grow in a neutral environment. Optimal soil consists of fertile soil mixed with loosening ingredients. The ratio of the proportion is 1: 2. It is allowed to mix the substrate yourself before planting the cactus. It is necessary to take the same amount of sod land and brick chips, then add 2 times more perlite. Additionally, the soil mixture is enriched with bone meal, then, according to experienced flower growers, the cactus will grow better and hurt less.

Since the root system goes deep into the ground, a tall and stable pot is selected for planting. A reliable drainage material is compacted at the bottom. Fine gravel is carefully distributed on the surface of the soil mixture, trying to hide the root collar of the main stem.

Feeding frequency

Fertilizers are applied once a month when the plant enters the intensive growing phase. It is recommended to buy special mixtures that are intended only for feeding cacti.

Transplant recommendations

At a young age, cactus is transplanted every year, preferably in the spring. When he reaches three or four years of age, the roots will not have enough room for further development. Transplanting into a new larger pot will help solve the problem. Before lowering the roots into the ground, the ends are trimmed a few centimeters. The sections are treated with crushed coal and dried in the fresh air, only after that the cactus is transferred to a new container.

Lophophora breeding methods

The simplest approach to growing lophophora is by sowing seeds. Grains extracted from ripe fruits are allowed to be sown at any time of the year. Detailed instructions for sowing are usually indicated by the manufacturer on the container with the product.

Another way to reproduce lophophora is to separate the babies from the mother plant in late autumn. The collected children are poured onto perlite and kept there until they put out young roots. The conditions of detention are no different from the cultivation of adult cacti. With the arrival of spring, the process of root formation should be successfully completed, so the children are transplanted into permanent flowerpots.

Peyote Report (earliest videos) 03: Blooming. Transfer

Diseases and pests

Lofofora rarely gets sick. Insects are also not a serious threat. Florists who have not previously encountered this culture are often worried that their pet stops growing at some point. There is no cause for concern. Everyone knows that cacti slowly gain mass. As a rule, the standard growth of the stem under favorable conditions is 5 to 10 mm per year.

Types and varieties of lofofor cactus with photo

Peyote is classified into the following types:

Lophophora Williams (Lophophora Williamsii)

The height of the stem reaches about 7 cm. The diameter does not exceed 12 cm. Shoots bloom with pink-white flowers. There are various modified forms: five-ribbed, deceptive, multi-ribbed and comb.

On a note! Lofofora Williams is one of the banned plants for growing in the Russian Federation. When breeding 2 or more specimens in room conditions or on a plot, an individual can be prosecuted.

Lophophora Fricii

The adult plant has stems 8 cm long. The color of the flowering cups is fiery red. Shoots are ribbed outside. The number of ribs on one stem is 14 pcs.

Lophophora spreading (Lophophora diffusa)

The ground part is green-yellow. The named view is equal in height to the previous one. However, instead of red flowers, it blooms with white-yellow inflorescences.

Lophophora Jourdaniana

The cactus barely reaches 6 cm in length. It is characterized by a violet-red bloom and the same number of spiral-shaped ribs as Fritsch's lophophora.


Both mescaline and peyote are illegal under the status of the US Federal Government and most States. Members of the Native American Church are allowed the ritual use of peyote because they used it for religious purposes much earlier, before these laws were passed. However, church members are not allowed to use "mescaline". Several other cacti, such as San Pedro, also contain mescaline. It would technically be illegal to store them, but since they are common ornamental plants, it is perfectly legal for gardening use. If a person tries to use any of these plants for a psychedelic experience, they are immediately prosecuted. And if he extracted mescaline from them, then the resulting alkaloids would be identified as contraband material. Extracting alkaloids from Donana, and other non-scaline-containing alkaloids from cactus, is not illegal! The information in this manual is provided for informational purposes only. The author does not take responsibility for the use of his methods for illegal purposes.

In 1896, Arthur Heffter extracted mescaline from Peyote and tested it on himself. It was the first extracted hallucinogen produced by man. Approximately 350 mg of mescaline is required for a normal psychedelic experience, although certain effects can be felt at 100 mg. Mescaline can make up as much as six percent of the dried weight of the button, but is often no more than one percent. The average dried button weighs approximately 2 grams. It usually takes 6-10 of these buttons to get a good experience.

It has been noted that the experience with equal doses of peyote and mescaline is somewhat different than that of pure mescaline, where the former is more "physical" than the latter. This is due to the presence of other alkaloids in peyote along with mescaline. But not all of these substances have psychedelic effects when used alone. Some of these, in combination with mescaline, greatly enhance its effect and naturally alter the "experience" itself. Two of these alkaloid, Hordenine and Tyramine, are antibacterial (antibiotic). The Indians smeared fresh peyote juice on their wounds to prevent infection and promote early healing. The Tarahumara Indians regularly eat small doses of peyote to cope with hunger, thirst and fatigue, especially when hunting. They chased the deer for more than four days without food, water or rest.

Peyote has many reflections in Native American medicine, including the treatment of arthritis, flu, intestinal diseases, diabetes, snake and scorpion bites, and as an antidote to Datura poisoning. The Huichol and other tribes use two forms of peyote. One peyote is larger, more powerful, and far more powerful than the other. They call him the Peyote of the Gods. Which is smaller, soft in action and not as powerful as the first is called the Peyote of the Goddesses. The differences between the two forms can only be noticeable with age, accumulating more and more strength over time.

EXPERIENCE (use): Approximately half an hour after swallowing the "button" of peyote, the first effects appear. Feeling strangely drunk and changing consciousness with minor changes in vision. There can also be strong physiological effects, including respiratory pressure, muscle tension (especially in the face and neck muscles), nausea, or even vomiting. Any unpleasant moments will disappear within an hour. After this, the state of altered consciousness is significantly noticeable. The experience is highly individual, but among the possible symptoms is a feeling of inner calmness, a sense of life, enhanced by awareness, and an accelerated flow of thoughts. Over the next few hours, these effects intensify and become much more visual. Colors can become more intense. Halos and colored auras will grow from everything. Things can appear larger, smaller, closer, or more distant than they really are. Often people do not notice any changes in visual perception, however, as soon as they close their eyes, wildly colorful, three-dimensional images and symbols will appear in front of you. After several hours, the intensity of the action gradually decreases. Thoughts slow down, become more controlled and less scattered.

The Navajo uses the peyote ritual to alter the flow of thought wisely. During the first part of the ceremony, participants submit to peyote and allow themselves to be taught. And during the last part of the ritual, they must thoughtfully recapitulate their experience consciously, in their sane mind, the experience that peyote taught them subconsciously. The entire experience can last from 6 to 12 hours, depending on the person and the amount of plant used. Ultimately, the effects of peyote go away without any side effects. Everyone is likely to feel one with the world.

METHODS OF USE: The most common method of use is to simply chew and swallow fresh or dried peyote buttons after removing the roots and grit. This is the path that is almost always followed in Native American ceremonies. Most people find the taste of this cactus unbearably bitter. The Indians, however, believe that for a "pure heart", bitterness will seem like sugar. Many, perverting, seem to penetrate into the depths of the bitterness of peyote and simply observe, as it were, from the sidelines. They "know" the bitterness, but this no longer worries them. It is similar to the practice of bringing the consciousness to the center of pain so that the pain is not inside, but outside - outside the body. This is not a difficult trick, but it takes some time and concentration. People who cannot stand the bitterness of peyote often go to different extremes, consuming it without having to taste it. One fairly effective method is to drink natural grapefruit juice while chewing on a cactus. The acidity in the juice partially neutralizes the bitterness. Another method is to grind the dried buttons in a coffee grinder and fill the capsules of the medicine with the sim powder, previously washed with warm water. This is an effective method, but it may take 20 capsules or more to get the 350mg dose of mescaline. Often times, people boil buttons in water for several hours to make tea. A mug of this brew should be drunk in one gulp. Another method that is sometimes used is to make a jelly made from a fresh or dried plant. Jelly can be eaten with spoons, while gelatin serves as a kind of shield that protects the taste buds from contact with bitterness. It also slows down the absorption of the drug in the digestive tract. This can be very valuable. It is generally recommended that anyone consuming peyote or mescaline swallow it gradually over an hour or split it into two doses taken 45 minutes apart. This is done to reduce the hard impact of alkaloids on the body. Nausea or vomiting - sometimes takes the first half hour after consuming peyote or mescaline. This usually takes less than an hour. A sip of grapefruit juice sometimes doesn't hurt. During the peyote ceremony, the Indians encourage vomiting rather than limiting it. Peyote Vomiting, they believe, symbolizes deliverance from physical and spiritual ills. Most tribes vomit before consuming peyote. It also helps to reduce gastric troubles when consumed. It is also obligatory to fast before the peyote ceremony, at least 6 hours (preferably three days - this will generally save you from problems with any "bitterness" and nausea - everything is digested in an instant. - approx. Transl.)
The method that will relieve you of bitterness and nausea is an enema. (Well, Americans. - approx. Transl.) 8-16 grams of dried peyote is ground into powder and boiled in a pint of water for 30 minutes. Then it is boiled until the liquid is halved - to half a pint. After cooling, the brew is taken as an enema using small "onions". If there is any faecal problem in the colon, "a small enema will solve the problem of excess faeces" before starting peyote enemas. Otherwise, a lot of useful mescaline will be shrouded in poop), which will make it difficult for mescaline to be absorbed into the blood.

SEARCH AND COLLECT PEYOTE: The peyote cactus is found in many areas throughout the Chihuahuan Desert from central Mexico to southern Texas. If a place is found where peyote grows, then there is plenty of it. Sometimes it grows in open, sunlit places, and more often in the shade of shrubs, among mesquite or creosote shrubs, or in the shade of a large succulent.
The best time to harvest any cactus is after a long drought. And the worst time is during or after the rains. Plants accumulate alkaloids during dry seasons and grow and bloom during rains. If the plants are harvested during or after rains, the alkaloids may have dropped below 50 percent. If you have a soil tester, you can easily find a suitable cactus in the desert. If the soil is rich in nitrogen, then cacti are rich in mescaline.

When collecting peyote, many people destroy the whole plant. This is wrong, unjustified and wasteful. The roots do not contain any mescaline. Peyote takes more than one year to even be visible in the sands. A cactus three inches in diameter can be over 20 years old. To collect peyote, the button must be properly cut diagonally from the root, so that the root will not rot from the accumulated water. Then, at the site of the cut, new peyote embryos are formed. These will eventually develop into buttons of sufficient size that can be assembled in a similar manner. By the wrong collection method, the peyote has been virtually destroyed. Due to the phenolic (phenolic) alkaloids in the cactus, peyote does not deteriorate for several weeks after harvest. If they are to last longer than two weeks, then they must be refrigerated, frozen, or dried. The enzymes that cause the harvested plant to eventually decompose also destroy mescaline and other alkaloids. Dry peyote buttons in the sun or in the oven at 250 degrees (F) until completely dry.

Synonym of PLANT in the dictionary of Russian Synonyms

ava pepper, avran, avrikula, autohor, agave, adonis, azalea, azimina, calamus, ailanth, acanthus, acanthus, aquilegia, aconite, akotiledon, alzina, alissum, alkanna, allohor, aloe, marshmallow, albicia, aldrovalkianda, alpine , alpha, amaranth, amaryllis, ammi, anabasis, anabasis, angelica, angiosperm, anemone, anise, antirrinum, anthurium, ankhusa, anchar, pansies, arabis, peanuts, watermelon, aristida, arnica, artemisia, artichoke, archegone archeopteris, juniper, ask, asparagus, aspidistra, astilbe, astragalus, astragalus, asphodeline, asphodel, asphodil, acherantes, aerofit, baguette, scarlet, scarlet, wild rosemary, badan, baddeleyite, star anise, basalil, eggplant, bunch baptisia, ram, ram, periwinkle, marigold, velvet, batlachok, bafia, turret, slipper, begonia, thigh, colchicum, beckmania, henbane, belladonna, belogolov, belogovets, belozor, butterbur, calla, white chickweed, white chick, beetle belyanka, bemeria, bennettite, bereka, euonymus, bersim, helplessness, besleria, 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clove, hevea, geyster, heichera, gekistoterm, helenium, heliotrope, heliophyte, helichrisum, gelleborus, gelphitus, hemicertophyte, hemicertophyte, hemicertophyte , dahlia, geophyte, geranium, gerbera, gesneria, hyacinth, hibiscus, hygrophyte, hydatophyte, gidrastis, hydrophyte, gynoecium, ginocardia, hypnum, hippeastrum, gladiolus, glycophyte, worm, wisteria, gloxinia, gnafalium, pigeon, head , darling, gombo, gordovina, highlander, gentian, adonis, gorden, gorol, gorlyadka, peas, hydrangea, gorchak, mustard, gravilat, pomegranate, comb, comb, comb jelly, buckwheat, grindelia, grapefruit, brisket, wintergreen, herbaceous, garnet , guayava, guza, walker, gumay, gummat, dazilirion, dahlia, dantonia, darlingtonia, datiska, daphne, twin, two-grain, two-source, dipteran, two-leafed, two-year-old, elecampane, deyziya, cashier, derbenka, derbenka, derbenka nia, desmodium, gin-chen, johnson grass, dzhugara, juzgun, jute, zelkva, dival, divala, divi-divi, digitalis, wild pepper, dikoros, 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calla, callistefus, marigold, kalufer, calceolaria, calcephilus, calcephobelina, camassia, stonemason, saxifrage, stony plant, campanula, reed, cable car, kandyk, kanegra, canna, caper, capuchin, cardamom, cardiocrinum, cardobenedict, cardon, caropodium, kasatic, cassava, cassia, kata, catalpa, katran, kattleauch, cauri, kachim, quinoa, keytonia, keleria, kenaf, kendyr, chervil, kermek, cotoneaster, quinoa, fireweed, kirkazon, kislitsa, brush, kitoglav, kiyak, cladody, clarkia, clover, clematis, cleome, castor oil plant, clivia, bedbug, tuber, strawberry, key grass, knicus, kniphofia, prince, prince, cobresia, feather grass, goat, goat, goat, goat, coix, koka, kokorysh, kok-sagyz, cola, sorceress, coleoptile, koleus, kolokazlenkhima, kolokvint, bell, spikelet, colocynth, koltunnik, columella, colchus ikum, kolza, kohlrabi, kolyuria, thistle, thistle, commelina, kommelitsa, condurango, hemp, kopaenoska, kopeck, koporye tea, hoof, cordaite, coreopsis, coriander, cinnamon, cinnamon, root vegetable, mullein, korita , catnip, kitten, kokhia, krambe, crameria, krap, nettle, krapp, belladonna, krasnogolovnik, krasodnev, watercress, krivotsvet, crooked flower, krinum, cryophyte, kryptogam, cryptophyte, roofing, burnet, crocus, crotalaria, croton, , crimea-sagyz, xantorreya, xenophyte, xerophyte, xyphium, ktenoplana, egg capsule, water lily, kukol, corn, cuckoo's tears, kumanika, kumarchik, kumquat, sesame, swimsuit, kupena, kupyr, blind chicken, chicken, chicken , kurchavka, kuskuta, kutra, kuchina, meadowsweet, lavender, lavsonia, cistus, lazerpitium, lacquer, azure, laconos, licorice, lacfiol, lallemantia, landolphia, lily of the valley, cinquefoil, laskovets, gusset, gusset, swallowtail, lettuce , levkoy, pulmonary, lie down minosis, letnik, pseudo-jasmine, pseudosuga, liana, liquidambar, daylily, lily, lemongrass, linnea, lippia, Velcro, foxtail, leaflet, leaf grate, lithophyte, lifa, lychnis, fever, lichen, lichen, lloydia, lobechnik, lobia, spoon clematis, lonitsera, lonchocarpus, burdock, lotus, lophophora, loiseleria, meadowman, onion, lupine, snapdragon, lion's tooth, toadflax, lovage, lyubka, lupine, buttercup, loofah, luffa, alfalfa, damsel, lover, maakalleman, magnolia, madia, mine, marjoram, poppy, maklura, malope, mallow, malcolmia, mamillaria, chard, mandrake, cuff, cassava, mannik, mancinella, maral, arrowroot, daisy, madder, mari, mariannik, mother, mother herb, mother plant , uterine horns, matricaria, mattiola, mother-stepmother, mountain, maurandia, makhorka, mung bean, megacarpea, bear ear, bearberry, bear grass, honey plant, lungwort, mesembriantemum, mesophyte, meconopsis, lemon balm, melolendhera , mescal, blizzard, sweep, mikania, miltonia, mimosa a, mimulus, myosotis, mirabilis, myriophyllum, myrmecodia, miscanth, perennial, mogar, woodlice, young, molokan, euphorbia, milk jug, monarda, monstera, mordovnik, sea, morina, carrot, hellebore, cloudberry, moss, muuretia, nutmeg, Msanka, soap, mint, mimotor, mice, mint, mint, pereptyanka, nard, narcissus, nasturtium, thong, unwarch, non-robust, neklen, nectar, nemensia, nertena, Nerina, Nerder, Nerl, Non-Tony, Nomarist, nigella, nicandra, nicotiana, nicterinia, nymphea, nirembergia, legolist, legcarp, marigolds, norichnik, night beauty, nougat, chickpea, oatmeal, oats, wild oats, fescue, ognevitsa, light, cucumber, borage, dandelion, annual , ozhika, ozhina, comfrey, oxylophyte, oligotroph, olpidium, ombrophil, ombrophyte, ombrophobe, omezhnik, mistletoe, onager, opopanax, prickly pear, ornithogalum, orchid, donkey, sedge, sow thistle, oyster, pinworm, holly, omelet, ophidian , outline, sedum, paulownia, pavonia, fenugreek, paznik, paiza, paklun, stick insect, pandanus, pankraty, pancratium, panzeria, papyrus, fern, parleaf, nightshade, pasoka, paspalum, passionflower, parsnip, shepherd's purse, patisson, paulinia, scent, patchouli, peyresquia, pelargonium, pelushka, peonia-field , copses, transplants, perestroen, pepper, pepper, perilla, pearl barley, 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wheatgrass, drunkard, broomstick, ragweed, rupture-grass, ryegrass, broom, ramie, rapeseed, seedlings, herb, milk thistle, consumable, rattania , rafflesia, rdest, rdestnik, rhubarb, radish, radish, mignonette, rezuha, cutter, beetle flower, turnip, burdock, burdock, turnip, rhinophyte, risovidka, ricinus, robinia, hornbeam, stag, cattail, hornwort, hornwort , rye, rose, rocambol, chamomile, crabgrass, dewdrop, sundew, rudbeckia, blush, ruppia, rue, saffron milk cap, hazel grouse, hazel grouse, duckweed, sabadilla, sabernik, sagittaria, cycad, sapling, lettuce, salvinia, salvinia, saeviera , sarracenia, sarsapare ll, sassafras, saturea, safflower, sveda, beetroot, sverbiga, pig, lead, selaginella, spleen, celine, celery, agricultural plant, testis, senega, senna, seradella, serpukha, seedling, sigillaria, sida, sidalese, sidalese blue-eyed, blue-headed, cyanosis, bruise, bull-grass, bull-leaf, scabiosa, skerda, sclerophyte, scolopendrium, scopolia, speed, scorzonera, sculptor, scumpia, tear, saliva, smilax, saltwort, honey-grass, petite , sunflower, licorice, salt marsh, hodgepodge, sleeping potion, sleep-grass, sorghum, weed, sophora, comic plant, soybeans, asparagus, spiraea, spirogyra, stalnik, starodubka, stelaria, stennik, sterculia, agave, stolon, moan, stosil passionflower, arrowhead, strychnos, succulent, sumac, sumac, rape, rape, susak, dryweed, spheroteka, clutch, scilla, scyophyte, feed, queue-leaved, tobacco, meadowsweet, tagetes, talofit, tapsia, taranka , tatarnik, tekoma, telekia, thermopsis, those cci, thyme, thyme, fescue, caraway, caraway, bearberry, tomato, tonkonog, Jerusalem artichoke, torus, torus, herb, tradescantia, trefoil, trefoil, tretina, trefoil, shamrock, trifol, trichophyte, trichophyte, tricycle, cane, troll shake, tuberose, tuevik, chick peas, turnip, tuscarora, mulberry, pumpkin, thousand-headed, yarrow, tulip, ubiquist, uvularia, snake, dill, umbrophyte, unabi, urut, stele-field, gorse, phanerogamus, phanerophycelia, beans , fennel, ferula, violet, physalis, ficus, phyllostachiz, philodendron, phytolacca, phytolyakka, harmonolet, phlox, formium, photinia, phreatophyte, freesia, fuchsia, funkia, hazmophyte, hamefit, khara, hatyma, coniferous, horsetail , chionophilus, cracker, cotton plant, chlorophytum, hop, henna, chondrilla, chorispora, corydalis, horseradish, chrysanthemum, chrozophora, royal curls, flower, tseanotus, cesalpinia, cesalpinia, cecropia, cellogyne, celosia, celadinia, cerastium, ceratonia, cerva, cereus, cetra riya, cephalaria, cyamopsis, cicada, cicadophyte, cicasus, cyclamen, cyclamen, cyclachene, chicory, cicuta, cinanchum, cingotous herb, cineraria, cinnamon, zinnia, cinnoglossum, cynomorium, ciperus, cipripedium, circea, cissminus, cissyssin , tsoisia, savory, thyme, tea, chayote, chakan, chastuha, sepal, calyx, hellebore, succession, through the grain, wild garlic, cherkez, blueberry, chernobyl, chernobyl, chernobyl, chernogolovka, chernogorka, chernokorot, chernokt, chernoktushka, chernushka, , lentils, lentils, chiy, chilibuha, chilim, rank, chistets, cleaner, celandine, chitomist, chistyak, sneeze herb, chozenia, chubushnik, chumiza, chufa, shabdar, sage, shandra, charlotte, saffron, sheddok, sheytskheria, woolly, schizanthus, wild rose, shiryash, skullcap, shnitt, shnittluk, chives, spinach, stockrose, sorrel, sorrel, bristle, shiry, eucalyptus, eucommia, euxerophyte, euphorbia, aegilopsator, egle, edeliker elimus, elodea, enalid, endive, evening primrose, entada, entomophyte, epiphyllus, epiphyte, erantis, eremurus, eriantus, eringium, eriobotria, erythrina, escariole, sainfoin, tarragon, euphorbia, eucharis, ephedra, ephemeral, ephemeroid, aetheronos, echeveria,echinacea, echinocactus, echinops, echinopsilon, echeveria, escholzia, yucca, anchovy, yam, yarotka, yaskolka, woodruff, yamotka, hawk, yatroriza, orchis, barley

Where better to put

If there is a cactus in the apartment that you do not want to part with, it should be placed in the wealth sector to the southeast. The cactus accumulates moisture inside itself, and then slowly consumes it. Thanks to this feature, the plant can be a symbol of accumulation and savings, help its owners accumulate money and material wealth.

Eastern sages advise using the cactus as protection. If the house is in danger, thorny plants are placed on the southeast window sill and curtains are tightly curtained so that the Sha emanating from the thorns cannot seep into the room. The Spiky Defender will repel any energetic aggression directed at the house from the outside.

The second place suitable for a cactus is the outer space of the house. Thorny defenders planted along the perimeter of the site will protect the house from the flows of "bad" energy emanating from the gabled buildings and unfavorable landscape features.

You cannot plant cacti in front of or near the front door. Plants need to be allocated a place that is further from the residential building.

Brovallia, ornamental peppers and other nightshades

Representatives of this family are popular vegetables in cooking, but the green parts of the plants are poisonous. They contain the poisonous glycoside solanine. Most of all solanine in unripe black nightshade berries. Even potato tubers and unripe tomatoes contain a small amount of the harmful substance.

Solanin scares away pests, causing them first excitement, and then depression of the nervous system and the death of red blood cells. A person and an animal, having received a dose of this glycoside, will become ill. Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and abdominal pain will begin.

The nervous system will also suffer. This will be manifested by the expansion of the pupils, an increase in temperature. Particularly severe poisoning leads to coma and seizures.

In case of poisoning with nightshades, rinse the stomach, take laxatives and adsorbents. If home treatment does not help, an urgent need to see a doctor.

MAN "Kөgaldandyru" biology 7 sons

Kemel Tokaev atyndaғy orta mektep

Muratbekova Shynar 7a synyp

Taқyryby: Sandik іsimdikterdi kөgaldandyru

Zhetekshіsі: Auelbekova M.B.

Zhumys takyryby: Sandik simdikterdi kдgaldandyr maқsatynda paidalan.

Ylym jobanyң өzektіlіgі:

Kөgaldandyru maқsatynda otyrғyzylatyn қylқan zhapyraқty aғashtar

Ylym jobanyң maқsaty:

Sundik maқsattagy Asimdikterdi kubeitip, zhasyl zhelekke aynaldyr.

Zertteu puni: biology, әdep, geography, medicine, chemistry

Bkharaliқ aқparat құraldaryndaғy materialdardy saralau.

Saualnama zhurgizu, kogamdyk sanany baygau.

Ylym jobanyң practitionersқ құndylyғy:

Zertteu zhumysy khalyқtyk ulttyk mortebesin kөteruge zhune өsel Urpaққa beretin turbielik mіnі zor.

Ғylym jobanyң қorytyndysy:

Ylymi jobanyң өzektіlіgіn eskere otyryp, keleshekt zhastyru.

2.1. Usemdik Ushin Alandarda, Sayabaқtarda, Uy Irgesinde Asiriletin Asimdikter.

2.2. Kogaldandyru maқsatynda otyrғyzylatyn sәndi өsimdikter.

3.1 .Bulme Asimdіkterіne zalpy sipattam.

5. Paidalanylғan әdebietter.

Uly gazben tұmshalanyp, "taza" tabiғattan zhyraқta zhatkan үlken kalalar үshin bүginde kөgaldandyr zhumystarynyk orny erekshe. Kүnіne Arly-berlі myңdaғan avtokөlіk aғylyp zhatқan kөshe boylaryna aғashtar otyrғyzyp, tүrlі Hosh iіstі gүldermen үlkendі-kіshіlі gүlzarlar tүzu - Modern Pentathlon қalalardyң Busta mіndetterіnің bіrі deuge bolady.Kөgaldandyru zhұmystarynda erekshe mәnge s gүlzarlardyң Sana'a zhyl өtken Saiyn artyp Kehl zhatқany қuantady. Soңғy kezderi sayabaқtar men lken koshe - alleyarda, alaңdarda turli-tusti kyzyldy-zhasyldy gulderden kozdin zhauyn alarlyқtai әdemi kilemder "toylgan". Қala kөrkine son berip tұrғan өsimdikter topyraқtyk shaң bolyp kөterіluinen saқtap ұstap turyumen Katar, auaғa taragan kumіrқyshқyl gazyn zіne sіңіrіrіnіn. Mңnyk bүginde uly gazdyk уrsauynda kalgan kala tirshiligi үshin aitarlytai maңyzғa ie ekeni tusinikti. Sondalo-ak mamandardyң aytuynsha, қala kөshelerіn kөgaldandyru aua temperaturasyn қysta garadusқa kөteruge 2-3, 3-4 ystyқty al zhazda gradusқa tөmendetuge mүmkіndіk beredі eken.Bau-baқsha, sayabaқ, tүrlі mekeme changed tұrғyn үy maңyn, Jol boyyn kөgaldandyru ushin Asem gүlder өsіrіletіn alaadardan, yani gulzarlardan gulderdin tur-turin kezdestiruge bolady. Uytkeni Ademi Kilemsheler "tou" үshin gulderdin san tүri paidalanady. Aldymen olardyң biologiyalyқ erekshelіkterі nazarғa alynsa, gүldің әsemdіgі ғana Emesa, onyң tүr-tүsі, pіshіnі, kөlemі, zhapyraқtarynyң үlken-kіshіlіgі, sabaғynyң қysқa-ұzyndyғy, sonymen қatar gүldeu merzіmі, ұzaқtyғy, өsіmdіkterdің bir-bіrіmen үylesіmdіlіgі de eskerіledі. Osynday birneshe sonқtan atip, talaptarғa say taңdalyp alynғan gulderden klumbalar, rabatkalar, landscapesқ zhқne basқa da san tүrlі mәn men mazmұnғa, tarikhi tanymғa ie gulge bollar tүzu Kalamyzda gulzar sirude kөbinese geometrialy women kөrkem syzyқty-rnekteu әdisteri oldanylady. Asirese, Kazakh khalkynyk tuskyiz, tekemet oyularynyk nayshyn keltiretin ulttyk oyu-urnekter (koshkar muyiz, zhas bota, gul, zhapyrak, tb.) kyzarbalda gүlderdіү tменrlerimen berіledі. Wasps orayda guldermen "suret salyp, kilem togityn" gulzar baғbandarynyk enbegin erekshe eskergen zhun. Өytkenі san tүrlі gүldің tabiғatyn, қyr-syryn Thane, onyң Ata changed zatyn, baғymy changed baptauyn Jean-zhaқty zerttep bіle otyryp, әr tүp gүldі қayda zhane қalay қiyulastyrudy oylastyryp, oryn orynymen қoldanu, Sondalo-ak zhasaғan zhұmystaryn bұzyp ALMA ұzaқ uaқyt қalypty saқtau - bіraz bіlіm men bіlgіrlіkti, kazhyr men kayratty kazhet etetіnі sozsіz. Osynday үlken zhұmystyң nәtizhesіnde Rawshan gүlі, sүttіgen өsіmdіgі, eңlіk gүlі, cactus, қaztaban gүlі, shyraygүl, it auruғa bolatyn tүymedaқ gүlі, қyzғaldaқ foams sarғaldaқ siyaқty gүlderdің tүr-tүrіn paydalana otyryp, қala kөshelerі changed sayabaқtarda Nexe tүrlі Asem gүlzarlar tүzіlgen.

Usemdik Ushin Alandarda, Sayabaқtarda, Uy Irgesinde Asiriletin Asimdikter.

Kyz ғ aldak tuysy (tulip - Tshira). Tuysta shamamen 100-day t ү r bar. Қ yz ғ alda қ tar Eurasia men Salt ү stik Afrikany ң zhazy қү r ғ a қ, ө rі ysty қ bolyp keletin, al to ө ktemde f ө not to ү zde azdap yyl ғ alt t ү setin sh ө ldі, zhatylay- sh ө ddi f ә not sh ө leit aima қ tary ң tsa ke ң taral ғ an, sirekteu orma ң dy zherlerde de kezdesedi. Olar tegistikte de j ө not taulary ң barly қ beldeuleri ң de ө seed, bira қ m әң gim ү z bas қ an biiktikte sirek kezdesedi. Қ yz ғ adda қ you ң badanasy 45 cm tere ң dikte, keide oda ң da tere ң deu zhatady. Badanasyns ң sirty film t ә rizd zh yltyr bolyp keledi. G ү lderi ү lken, қ any қ boyal ғ an, ө r ө сіmdіkte bireuden bolady. Ө those with ө ndi, bira қ iisі bolmaids. BOR-dy ң territory of the synda 60-tai t ү ri bar, olards ң to ө pshiligi Orta Aziyada ө seed. Қ aza қ standa қ yyz ғ adda қ tshch 32 t ү ri bar, they ң bireuі (Regel қ yz ғ alda ғ s-Regel's tulip) zhoylu ғ a zha қ ynt ү r retinde, 6-u sirek kezdesetin t ү retinde Қ aza қ stannsch қ yzyl kitabyna engen (Borshchev қ yz ғ alda ғ s, Korolkov қ yz ғ adda ғ s, Leman қ yz alda ғ s, Ostrovsky қ iz ғ alda y, ә rt ү rlіk s yz ғ alda ғ s, Shrenk қ yz ғ alda ғ s).
Қ yz ғ alda қ you s ә ndik ө smdik retinde ө sіredі. Қ azirgi kede қ yyz ғ alda қ you ң 800-day sorts of belgіli.
Batys Europe ғ a қ yz ғ alda қ you otyr ғ yzu XVI ғ asyrda T ү rkiyadan aus қ an. B ұ l ө sіmdіktі ө siru ө sirese Hollandada zha қ sy zhol ғ a қ oyl ғ an. G ү lserіgі қ arapayym, tek to ү ltezhapyra қ shhat ү rinde berilgen. K ү ltezhapyra қ shala-ryny ң m ө lsheri birdey, olar ү sh- shten toptasyp eki қ atar she ң ber t ү zip boss ornamentalasady. G ү lini ң formulas lalag ү ldi і g ң lini ң formulaasymen birdey: Ataly ғ yny ң sany 6, olarda ү sh- ү shten toptasyp, eki қ atar she ң ber t ү zedi. Г ү tauy bar you ң azymen aya қ talads
Kazzhua tuysy (goose bow). Tuysta shamamen 70 t ү p bar. Қ azzhua tuysy erte k ө ktemde ө setin efe-meroidtar. Olar ө te ү sa қ ө simdikter, zhapyra қ tary zhi ң ish-ke, g ү lderi ұ sa қ, t ү si to ө pshiliginde sary bolyp keledi.
Қ azzhualar erte to ө ktemde g ү ldeidі de, vegetation қ keze ң і tez aya қ taydy. Қ aza қ standa 38 t ү ri kezdesedі, olards ң barly ғ y derlik sh ө ldi f ә not sh ө leit aima қ you ң ө сімдіктері.

Lalagul ( Lіlіum ) - lalagүl tyymdasyna zhatatyn kөp zhyldyқ, zhuashyқty simdikter. Kazakstanda kezdesetin zhangyz tury - byra Lalagul ( L. maztadon ) - Altai, Tarbaatay, Zhetisu ( Zhokar ) Alatauynda kezdesedі. Ormandy, tauli, shalkyndy zherlerde өsedi. Biiktigi 60 - 100 cm, sabaғy tүkti. Japyraғy taspa, nemese қandauyr pishindi, ұzyndyғy 8 - 10 cm, eni 1.5 - 2 cm. Gulderi iri, zheke nemese shashak gul shogyryna toptalgan. Ashyk Kyzyl, Kyzyl sary tusti kara dautary bar, tukti, olar tutik nemese kogyrau pishindi, ұzyndyғy 13 - 15 cm, hosh isti. Zhemisi - kauashak, kup tyymdy. Mausym - shildede guldeydі. Lalagul әsemdik shin erte zamannan beri қoldan sirilledi. Odan medicine dәri zhasalady, boyau alada, zhuashygy takamғa zharamdy, gulinen ara bal zhinaidy, ether of maya alynada. Lala - ekі my жa zhuyқ tүrі bar baқsha gulі. Mausym ayinda gүl zharady. Sarpy men turine bayanisty gulinin tusi yr aluan. Onyk Kazakhstan tabi табatynda Altai, Tarbaғatay taularynda tabiғi bir tүri ғana өsedi. Kugaldandyruda lalagulin kobinese auladan kuruge bolady. Alty kulteli guli gulsabaқtyk basyna ornamentalқan. Biiktigi 60-100 cm aralygynda. Soy uaқytta shet elderden guli sabaқtyk boyyn қatarlas ornamenlasқan tүrleri әkelinip zhatyr. Shetelden ukelinetin lalanyk zherindirilgen laladan aiyrmashylyky, zhergilikti lalalardyk tobinen zhyl sayin balapandary өsip shygady. Al, sheteldik lala turt, bes zhylғa deyin tek bir piyazshyқtan Hana Onedi. Lalaguldin kozde sabaғyn kyrқyp tapap otyru kerek. Buginde lalaguldin saryptaryn іsirip shyғarushylardyk қatary kubeiip otyr. Reseylik mamandar budandastyrgan lalalardyk ereksheligi, suyna tuzimdi, kup kotimdi kazhet etpeidi zhane mausym aiynda guldeydі. Al, Amerikadan keletin lalagul - khosh isti, gul kultesinde sekpili bar zhane shilde aiyinda kesh guldeydі. Lalagulin floristry of salasynd and kup paidalanady.

Raushangul tyymdasy ( Rosaceae ) - қos zhanatylarғa zhatatyn bұta, aғash tәrizdes bir not eky zhyldy қsimdikter. Zher Sharynda Kek Taralgan, Negizinen, Kogyrzhai Aimat Usedi, 100-Den Asa Tuysy, 3 Myonan Astam Tүri Belgili. Kazakstannyk barlyk zherinde kezdesetin 36 tuysy, 200-den artyk tury bar, onyk 12-si ute sirek kezdesetin өsimdikter, sondyқtan korgauғa alynyp, kazakstanny Kyzyl kitabyna engizilgen. Raushangul tyymdasyna zhatatyn Asimdikterdin zhapyraарыtary k ,rdeli, kezktesip ornamentalasady, bүtin zhiekti, kosalgy zhapyraқshalary bolady. Guli kos zhynysty, keide dara zhynysty, zheke-zheke not trampled ornamental. Gul kultesi besseu, atalygy men analygy kup, gulkorshauy kobine eky katarly. Bұl tyymdasқa zhatatyn Asimdikter zhәne zhundikter argyly tozaadanady. Zhemisi - kup sүyekti zhaңғaқ, zhaңғaқsha, zhidek, alma, tymy endospermsiz ( keybir simdiktin tymymen zhemisinde bolatyn, ұryқtyk korektenuine қazhetti erekshe alpa bolmaydy ). Raushangul tyymdasynyk kobi paidaly asimdikter: zhemis berein akashtar ( alma, almurt, quince, shie, өrik, shabdaly, tb.) liquid ( takurai, koibuldirgen, siyr buldirgen, karagat, tb.), әsemdik tүrleri ( raushangul, sheten, tobyly, dolana, tb.) zhune durilik turleri (itmuryn, tzu kaztaban, burshikgul, tb.). Zhemisi tamana paidalanylady, narly mal azygy, gulinen ara bal zhinaidy. Kazakstan ҒA-nyң Bas botanist. bakynda 1957 - 84 f. aralykynda Raushangul tyymdasynyk әsemdik tүri - raushan gulinin 16 varieties shygarylgan. Eң bastylary: “ Kazakhstandymerekelik "(Biіkt. 130 sm-dey, gulі kyzyl tusti)" Almatydan Salem "(Biіkt. 130 sm-dey, guli kyzkylt tusti)" Almaty khosh isisі "(Biіkt. 190 cm-day, guli kyzkylt tusti, khosh isti)" Kyzzhibek "(Biict. 110 cm, guli kyzyl korek tusti)" Aққu "(Biіkt. 250 sm-dey, gүlі aқ tүsti)" Gulsұlu ”(Biict. 190 cm-dey, guli kyzyl korek tusti, kysta asimeydі), tb.

Қirmyzygүl (lat. Caléndula ) - kүrdeligүldіler tyymdasyna zhatatyn zhattylai byta, bir zhyldyk, keide kup zhyldyk shuptesin asimdik. Biikt 50 іgіsm-days. Sabaғy bұtaқtanyp өsedi. Zhapyraарыtary ұzinsha ondyrma, пandauyr pishindes, zhiekterі tegis. Gүl shoғy ұzyn gүl sidamyna ornamentalқan sebetgүl, onyң shetin 1 - 2 қatar zhapyraқ korshap tarady. Guli kobine sary, saryysh tusti, sondai-ak kos zhynysty, khosh isti. Tұқymy taғa pishindi. Mamyr ayynyk ayak sheninen bastap, suyk tuskenge deyin guldeydі. Zhemisi is a dune. Kazakh stannyk barlyk aymagynda egylethin 1 ғana tүri bar, ol - dәrilik Kyrmyzygul (С. offіcіnalіs). Onyk kalenden atty aschy zat, shayr, әr tүrlі қyshқyldar, shyryshty zattar zhane carotenoidtar, alkaloidtar, maya bar ether. Kyrmyzyguldin durilik Kasieti ezhelgi Grekiyada belgili bolgan. Khalyқtyқ medicineada Kyrmyzygүl heat, meringue, shiқan, ұshyқ zhәne kөz aurulararyn emdeuge қoldanylady. Sebeti tamana paidalanylady. Sayabaқtar men gulzarlarda әsemdik үshin қoldan egiledi. yrmyzygul - қashқargүlder tyymdasyna zhatady. Tyymdasynda 30-ға zhuyқ tүrі Zherorta tenizinin zhagalaauynda taralgan. Kobinese ol birzhildyk asimdik. Kyrmyzyguldin өzine ton zhupar isinen alystan tanua bolady. Kөgaldandyrudan gөri emdik maқsatta өte erte zamannan қoldanylyp keledi. Birzhildyk gulderdin ishinde zher talgamay tymy shashylyp uzdigimen de shyna berein guldin biri. Biiktigi sarpyna йaray 15-75 cm aralykynda bolady. Sabaқtary Kyrly, zhabysқaқ tүkti bolyp keledі. Гүлdeі sabaғyna tyғyz ornamenlasady. Zhai kulteli zhane gulparly bolip ekige bulinedi. Diameter 4-10 cm aralykynda. Tusi solkyn sarydan, kyzkylt sary tuske deyin bolyp keledi. Kugaldandyruda gulinin ashyk boyauy, ұzaқ әri mol guldeuimen, kүtimdi asa қazhet etpeyndigimen baғaly. They are gulzarlarda, zhol zhiekterine, ydystarғa otyrkyzyp қala kөgaldandyruynda da, zheke baқshalarda da kөp oldanady. Biik turlerin tek kogaldandyruda kana emes, kesip gulshoқtaryn zhasauғa da paidalanady. Kesilgen Kyrmyzygulder 10 shanty konge deyin Ademiligin zhogaltpaidy. Keshetterin ekkend, araқashyқtyky 20-30 cm boluy kerek. Birzhyldyk gulderdi zhyl sayin tyymnan kubeitip asirip otyrady. Mamyr ayinda guldetu үshin, aқpan ayynyң so ,y, nauryz ayynyң basynda zhylyzhayda nemese үyde 20-22 ° C zhylylyқta tym argyly kөbeitedі. Tұқym 5-7 kүnde өnip, ғskin shyғarady. Өskinde bir-eky zhapyrak shyganda, koshettep, әrқaysyn zheke otyrgyzady. Sәuirdin sokynda nemese mamyr aiynyk basynda, koktemnin yzkarly suygy atkennen keyin, kushetterdi dalaga egedi. Өskin шnip shy уan uaқytynan bastap, 50-60 kүnnen keyin guldey bastaydy. Baқshaғa sәuirdin ayaғy, mamyrdyk basynda tymynan yegetin bolsaңyz, zhazdyk ortasynda guldeydі.

Baқytgүl, chrysanthemum (Chrysanthemum) - kүrdeli guldіler tyymdasyna zhatatyn bir zhane kup zhyldyk asimdіkter tuysy. Olar negizinde Europa, Asia, Afrikada taralgan, 200 days tүri belgilі. Kazakstanda bau-baқshalarda, sayabaқtarda, gүl sharuashylyқtarynda sheңbershe turizdі Baқytgul (C. coronarіum) tүri қoldan sіrіledі. Baқytgul biіktіgі 0.5 - 1.5 m-dey, kөp sabaқty bұta. Zhapyratary kogirt zhasyl, sheti tegis not tilimdenin keledi, sabauta kezektes ornamentalasady. Aқ, Kyzyl, kulgin tusti gulderi іri gul sebetine toptasyp, kүrdeli golshoғyryn Araydy. Kazan - karasha aylarynda zhappay guldeydі. Baқytguldi koktem aylarynda arnauly zhylyzhayda, kетshetkhanada halemsheleu adisimen kubetedі. Kesilip, suғa salynkan Baқytgul 20 - 25 kүnge deyin satalady. Baқytgulі - kөgaldandyruda alғashқy oryndarғa ie bolip kele zhatkan kөpzhyldyk, shөptesin baқsha guli. Gulinin tusi aktan karaga deyingi aralykta aluan turli. Biiktigi men guldeu uangyty suryptaryna bayanisty orturlі bop keledi. Ol zhazdyk kuzge auyskan mezgilinen kar zhauganna deyin molynan guldeytin birden-bir іsimdik. Sondyқtan da ony mektep, balabaқsha aulalaryna ekken tiimdi.Үsh ailyk demalystan soң bilim nurin igeruge құlshyna kirisken oқushylardyk kөңiline mektep aulasynda құlpyryp tұrgan baқytguli erekshe қuanysh syilary sөzsiz. Bakytgulin Asirese, Japondar of Katty Kadirleidi. Zhapon elinde bauytguline katysty zhyl sayyn toylanatyn dusturli “Bagytguli” merekesi bar. Baқytgulі Gar tuskenge deyin guldeytіndіkten, Kuragan sabaғyn tek koktemde ғana kesu kerek. Eger kozde keser bolsaңyz, qysқy suyқta tamyry zaқymdanyp, іlip kaluy mүmkin. Baқytgulinin tobi alkeiip ketse de guldemey kaluy mүmkin. Sondyқtan uaқyt ozdyrmay, zhyl aralatyp tүbin bөlip otyrғan zhun. Қyshқyl topyraқty ұnatpaidy. Sol sebepti karagai, shyrsha sekildi kylkanzhapyraty a ryly kobeytedi. Eң oay zholy, erte kөktemd e tүbin bөlu. Suryp akashtardyk tabine eguge bolmaidy. Tymy, kalemsheleu zhane tubin bulu törlerin tymy argyly kubeytuge bolmaidy.

Kugaldandyr maқsatynda siriletin simdikter.

KӨGALDANDYRU - қala, auyl, taғy basқa eldі mekenderde auany tazartu, kөleңkeleu үshin aғash, bұta, gүl, kөgal siru. Urylys ayatalgannan keyin zhurgiziletin Kogaldandyru zhumystary mekenzhaylarғa usem kurinis beredi, shudan, kunnen, shanan, taғy basқa korғaidy, sanitary rhyl-hygienaly Gylym derekter boyinsha belgili bir aymaқtyk 15% -y kogaldandyrylsa, shak-tozaannyk molsheri 20% -ғa kemidі, 35% -ғa іsimdik өsirilse, shaң 95% alғa-65% azayady. Zhol zhagalaularyna otyrғyzylғan aғash pen bұtalar, gүlder men kөgal auadaғy kumir қyshқyl gazdy sinirip, auany ottegimen bayytady, shudy azaytyp, mekenzhaydy zhelden, kденnңnen zhәne. 1 ha zhasyl alылap 1 saғatta auadan 8 kg kumir қyshyl gazyn boyyn sіnіredі. Keibir akashtar ozderi aynalasyna taratatyn phytoncidteri aryly auyly ziyandy microorganismderdі zhoyp, ony adamnyk densaulykyna kolayly ionarmen bayytady. Mandai akashtar kataryna kylkan zhapyraқty karagai, shyrsha, Sibir balgaragai, taғy basқa zhatady. Kugaldandyru zhumystaryn zhurgizgende mindetti turde kogaldandyrylatin alkaptyk aua ray, topyrak arams, thighs shine erekshelikteri eskerilady, suaruga kazhetti suarazdery. Wasps factorlar boyinsha otyrkyzylyatyn Asimdikter Aramy da anyyktalady. Orman aғashtary men bұtalar kөshetterі, shөptesin simdіkterdің zhas Orkenderі men tumdary әr aymaқtaornalasқan kennelterden alynady.

Қylқan zhapyraқty aғash (oys. coniferous tree species) - zhapyraарыtary ensiz, ine tәirizdі, keibir aұқashtar tymy. Akashtyk bul tyymdarynan zhygazdar zhune bezendirilgen byyymdar zhasalady.


Gүlzar-baw-baқsha, sayabaқ, mekeme zhane tұrғyn үy maңyn, Jol boyyn kөgaldandyru ushin Asem gүlder өsіrіletіn alaң.Gүlzarlarda bir, ekі not kөp zhyldyқ zhane kіlem tәrіzdі өң beretіn өsіmdіkter өsіrіledі.Ol ushin өsіmdіk tүrlerіnің biologiyalyқ erekshelіkterі, gүlіnің әsemdіgі ғana Emesa, gүldің tүsі, pіshіnі, zhapyraқtarynyң үlken kіshіlіgі, sabaғynyң ұzyndyғy, gүldeu merzіmі, ұzaқtyғy, өsіmdіkterdің bir-bіrіmen үylesіmdіlіgі eskerіledі.Gүl zharyp, solғan өsіmdіk ornyna zhaңasy otyrғyzylady.Gүlzarlar tүrlіshe Bolu mүmkіn klumbalar, rabatkalar, landshaftyқ. Gulzarlar turleshe boluy mumkin: klumbalar, rabatkalar, landscapesқ gulzarlar- mixsoborderler, parterler. Gulzarlar үshin simdіkterdi taңdap alғandy olardyk biologalyқ erekshelikterin ғana emes, sondai-aқ boyularynyk ұshtasyp, ylesip keluin de eskeru kerek. Tustik kup boluy Utymdy emes. Kogirt tester ashyk testermen zhaқsy ұshtasady, ashyk kyzgylt aқshyl kөkpen, Kyzyl aқpen, ts.s. zhaқsy aylesim tabady.
Columbalardyң formases әrtүrlі (tөrt bұryshty, sopaқ, dөңgelek) boluy mүmkin. Shetter 10cm, al ortasy 30-40cm biiktekte bolady. Klumbanyk shetine gazonnan shakyn (10-20 cm) zhiek zhasaluy tis. Klumba zhasau үshin aldymen onyk shekarasyn syzyp alyp, topyraқty bir kurek boyy Kazyp, құnarly topyraқ tseu kerek. 10-15 konnen keyin (topyran nykizdalgan soң) ortasynan bastap asimdikterdi otyrkyza bastuғa bolady.
Bederinin tym kishkentai zhune kardeli bolmagany drys zhune klumbany tym ulken zhasaudyk keregi zhok. Өsimdіkterdi taңdap alғanda onyң tүsterіnің ylesіmdіlіgіne oyylatyn talaptards, sondai-aқ zhekelegen sіmdіkterdің ңsu sipaty men biiktigin esker қazhet. Asimdik neyrym biik bolgan sayin ol ortasyna taman ornamentalasuy tis. Alasa өsetin simdіkterdi tyғyz otyryzyp flower bed zhasaudyk kazheti zhoқ.
Osynday әsem gulzardy burқaқtyk zhanyna sheңber zhasap ornatu adamnyk boyinda tabiғattyk әsemdіlіgіne suisinetin erekshe sezim tudyrady, sonymen demi ңatar adamnyң sharshadynashaanyr Bұrқaқty kez kelgen zherge ornatudyң tүk қiyndyғy zhoқ. Uytkeni burkati salu yrylysynda nonizinen physicist zagyna suyenedi, yanni su aynalym zhuyesin bilu shart. Burқaққa negizinen әr tүrlі nasostardy қoldanuғa bolady. Alayda arnayy bұrқaқ pump қoldanғan zhөn. Sebebi birinshiden, ol az energiyany Kazhet metedi, ekinshiden, lken motor resources Bolyp keledi, shinshiden, bl pump dirilsz zhune shusyz zhumys isteydі. Apparatus bөgennің astyn betondy nemese metals lauatқa bekіtіlіp, bұrқaқtyk bir shy su deңgeiinin үstіңgі zhaғyna ornatylady.

Bulme Asimdikterine Zhapy Sipattam.

Bulme Asimdikteri de oldan іsirilip, meni tүrge aynalғan. Olar tek sәndik maқsatta emes, өte қazhetti қyzmet atkaru үshin de bulmele sirilledi. Aloe, cactus, begonia, balsam, қaztamaқ, қytaylyқ raushan zhne t. B. biology cabinetinde kobirek asirilyedi. Bulardyk ishinde balsamin, Kaztamak, Kytaylyk raushan Ademi gulderimen bulmege son beredi. Durilik maқsatta kobirek қoldanylatin turleri de bar.

Bulme asimdigi cactustik zhapyratary tugeldey tikenekke ainalgan. Bұl onyk korshagan orta zhaғdayyn beyimdelu ayғaғy. Lemon, orange, tangerine, palm tree, kyrykzhapyraktardy (fern) balmele asiruge bolady. Demek bulme simdіkterіnің ішінде shuptekti, bұta, shala bұta қalpynda өsetin өsimdіk trleri bar. Bulme Asimdikteri Negizinen Alanda Zhas Orkenderinen (Kalamsha) Kabirek Kubeitiledi. Aloe - lalagүldіler tyymdasyna, darazharnaқtylar klasyna zhatatyn shyryndy simdik. Onyң shyryny saғaқsyz zhapyraқtaryna zhinalaly. Zhapyrakynyk pishini sul ilgen kylyshka asaydy. Zhiekteri tikenektermen kumkerilgen, urkenge kesektesip ornamenlasady. Tygaytylgan ylgaldy topyrata zhaқsy usedі. Zhas Orkenderin shygaryp, tuptenip өse beredi, zhas Orkenderin bulip alyp, 1 - 2 kon soldyryp, Amyradagy topyraққa otyrғyzady. 5 - 6 zhylda, keide 10-15 zhylda sabaғynyң ұshynan shashaқ tәrizdі gulshoғyry shyғady. Kultesi kyzkylt-sary tusti bolady.

Aloes mynadai maқsattarғa:

Japyraқtardyң krylysyn кtkende saғaқsyz zhapyraқtyk thoughts of retinde

Zhapyrakynna shyryn zhinap, courts of bulandyratyn, shuldi zherlerde tuzimdi asimdik retinde

Durilik Kasietimen tanysuka payalanylada.

Aloenyk zhapyrakyn keskende dumі ashy sary tustі shyryn aғady, ol shyrynnan medicine tүrlі dәrіler zhasaidy. Aloe durіsі - asқazan, ishektegi zharalarғa, dysenteryғa, terіdegi іrіңdegen zharalardy zhazuғa paidalanylady. Tuberculosis of auruyn қarsy қoldanady. Abaysyzda қoldy pyshak keskende, іrіңdegen zhara shyқsa, aloe zhapyrakyn ortasynan қақ zharyp zharaғa taңyl koyuғa bolady.

Bulme іsimdіkterі adam aғzasyna өte paidaly, bulmege tіrlі simdikter өsirudi әdetke aynaldyryңdar Taғamғa paidalanylatyn bau-baқshalyk zhemister kөemister Al kokunis alu shin siriletin medeni өsimdіkterdi kіkқnis daқyldary (sarymsaқ, kyzanaқ, asқabaқ, t. B.) Deydі. Shyryndy zhune құrғaқ zhemis-zhimekter bolady.

Balzamin gүli. ҚYNAGҮL (IMPATIENS BALSAMIN) is a balzaminder of tyimdasyna of the harvest. Otans - Tropics Africa Aimatars. Guldin 850-days tүrі belgіli. Sabaқtarynyk biiktigі 40-50 cm, tik ornamentalan, suly, zhtylay moldir. Zhapyratary kynshak suyir bolyp kelgen, zhiekteri maida aratisti, tusi ashyl ​​zhasyldan, koyu zhasyl aralygynda. Gul kulteleri zhai zhane gulparly, al tusteri kulgin, aқ, kyzyl, ashyl ​​kuk, kyzylt bolady. Mol әri ұzak kөktemnen kүzge deyin guldeydі. Zharyk mol tussetin zherge ornamentallastyru kerek. Birak tike kun sulesinen korgau kazhet. Fast 18 ° C tmen tүspegeni abzal. Zhaz aylarynda topyraғy ylғaldy bolyp tұrғany abzal, қysta courts topyraғynyң betki қabaty құrғaғanda ғana құyu kerek. Japyraғyna su burkip tұru kazhet. Guldep turgan kezinde gulin kalgalap baryp su burku kerek, uytpese su tamshylary gul kultelerinde da kaldyrady. Koktemnen kuzge deyin guldeytin gulderge arnalgan tygayitңyshpen Korektendirіledі. Aua құrғap ketse Ormekshi Orty, kene, simdik biti sekildі ziyankesterdin әserinen auyrady. Kalemsheleu, tymy aryly kobeytedi.

Cactus (Cactaceae) - қos zharnaty kөp zhyldyқ, shyryn sabaқty shөptesin өsimdik әdette, zhuan, etzhendi, shyryndy sabaқtary tikenektі, tukti, қyltanaқty bolady. Kaktustyң bұta, aғash, liana tәrіzdes tүrіzdes tүrleri de kezdesedі.

Cactusterdin Amerikanyң shөldi aymaқtarynda, Oңtүstik zhune Ontustik Amerikanyң ylgaldy zherlerinde, tropical Afrikada zhune Madagascar arali men Sri Lankada setin 220 tuysy, 3000 bar Sondai-aқ, Australia, Ondistanda, Zherorta tenizi zhagalauyndagy elderde zhersindirilgen.

Kazakstanda sandik asimdik retinde uyde, nemese orangeryada asirilady. Cactus sabaғy ball, zhumyrtқa, cylinder, diңgek, zhapyraқ siyaty zhalpa pishindi, bunaқtalғan bolady, tusi zhasyl. Sabagynyk biіktіgі 2 - 5 cm-den 10 - 15 m-ge deyin zhetedі. Sabagynyk kabygymen ozeginde su zhinalady, thoughts, keibir іri caktusterdin sabaғynda 2000 l-ge deyin su boldy. Olardyk bir erekshelіgі - courts of Enemdі paidalanuynd.

Texas cactustern zertteu nәtizhesinde, үsh ai қuaңshylyk kezinde de kөpқyltandy prickly pear (Opuntia polyacantha) sabaғynyң kraminda 81% of sutalany baykaldy. Kupshiliginin zhapyratary bolmaids (nagyz zhapyrak tek - pereskiyada satalgan), keibir torlerinde biz siyaty (opunciada), nemese қabyrshak turizdі (ripsalist) keledіzdі (ripsiste). Guli dara ornamentalaskan, aluan tuske boyalkan. Analygy 3, keide kөptegen zhemis zhapyraнtarynan turady. Atalygy өte kөp (thoughts, carnegide 3500-ға zhetedі). Zhemis - etty, liquid tәrizd. Cactus taғam (zhemisi men shyryndy sabay), dіңі - otyn zhune urylys materials retinde paidalanylady. Keibir terlerinen (lofofora, selenicereus) durilik drugtar zhasalady.

Қaztamaқ - Kaztamak tyymdasyna zhatatyn bir nemese kup zhyldyk shuptesin asimdik. Kazakstanda shalkyndyk zherlerde өzen aңғarynda, oranda, tau betkeylerinde өsedi, 15 tүri bar. Biikt. 10-80 cm. Sabagy tik, syrtyn tuk zhapan. Tilimdengen zhapyratary karama-karsy are not kesektesip ornamental gardens. Kyzyl, kokshil, kulgin, aқ tusti gulderi, kobinese shohtalyp, keide zheke dara shygady. Mausym-tamyz aylarynda guldep, shilde-Kyrkuyekte zhemistenedi. Zhemisi is a dune. Kaztamak ilik zattarғa bai, onyk gulderinin kramynda, sabaғynda tannin, boyash zattar, calcium men carotene, S durumeni men geranin (maya alynada ether) bar. Kaztamaқtyk keybir torleri: Orman Kaztamagy, shalғan Kaztamagy, Robert Kaztamaғy zhane sibir Kaztamagy - durilik Asimdikter. Kaztamaқtyk tamyrynan nemese kepken shөbinen alynыan tnbany bүyrekke baylanғan tasty erіtuge, rheumatism men radikulitti emdeuge, sondai-aқ, baspamen auyrғanda tamaқ shayuaa, bathtub syakasaa, bathtub Keibir tлерrleri әsemdik shin de іsirilady.

ҚAZTAMAҚ (PELARGONIUM PELARGONIUM (GERAN)) - geranium tyymdasyna zhatatyn kopzhyldyk shқptesin өsimdik. Negizgі otans - Ontustik Africa. 280-ge zhuyk tүri belgilі. Sәuirden Kazan aiyna deyin үzdiksiz guldeytіndіkten, Kaztamak kuptegen gulpazdardyk sңyіkti gulі. Gulpazdar Kaztamaқty Ademi guli үshin ғana emes, sonymen қatar khosh isti zhapyraқtary shin de siredi. Zhapyraқtarynyң emdik Kasietimen birge aua tazartu Kasieti de Ute zhogary. Ol auadaғy ziyandymykrobtardy, [[staphylococcus] bacterialaryn zhoyua pменrmeni bar simdik. Kaztamak tez Asetin, asa Onarly topyraty Kazhet etpeitin, onay kubeitiletin, katimi zheil gulderge zhatady. Mamyr aiynda aulaka shykaryp, gulzarlara egip koyuha bolady. Kozde haytadan kazyp alyp, tbekke otyrkyzyp uyge kirgizedi. Karasha aiynda zhapyragy sargayyp, tse bastaganda sabagyn tamyrdan zhogary 10-15cm-dei biiktikte kesip, zhyl sayyn өsimdikti zhasartyp, zhagartyp otyru қazhet.

Tugan alkenin tabihatyn ayalau, korgau-uzyk kogamnyk alky sharty. Қoғam men tabi бat bir-birimen tyғyz bayanisty bolғandyқtan, Korshagan orta men adamnyң zhekedara tirshilik etui mүmkin emes. Tabiғat baylyқtaryn tiimdi paidalanu, tabiғatқa suyispenshilikpen karau koңamnyk da alғa karay damuyna negiz bolady. Korshagan ortanyk kolayly boluy adamnyk drys bilim alyp, enbek etuine, materialdyk zhangynan kamtamasyz ethiluine ypal etedi. Sondyқtan rbir adam tabiғatty ayalap saғtaғa өz үlesin қosuy tis. Urbir otyrғyzylғan a ,ash, tazalanaғan bulak sol tabiғattyң bir bulshegi ekenin іmytpaғan zhun. Uzimiz turgan zherdin tabigatyn saқtaimyz. Tabiғat a ayaly kuzстыarasty kalyptastyru үshin tugan өlkege tourist sayakhat zhasaudyk, onyk tabiғat erekshelikterimen, ecologiyk zhadayymen tanysudyk maңyzy zor.
Zhalpy mektep alaңynda osynday mәdeni- estetikalyқ sauyқtyru ortalyғynyң құrylysy zhүzege asatyn bolsa, erteңgі үkіlіgen үmіtіmіz- Bolashak ұrpaқtyң ball kezіnen bastap ekologiyalyқ Madeniet, onyң іshіnde Tugan өlkenің Tabigaty, zhalpy Tabigat Degen keң ұғymdy dүnienі Ayala, ones қorғau syndy Aldyn alu sharalarymen tanystyru - bүgіnіgі kүnnen bastau kerek. Gulzar zhune burkaқ - bul adam dem alatyn, zinin boyinda aestheticsқ madenietti galyptastyratyn tabiғattyk kazhayyby ispetti.

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The earth for the garden needs to be dug onto the bayonet of a shovel, removing pebbles and twigs that come across. If a thin root of a carrot shoot meets an obstacle or solid ground on its way, it will bend or branch.

Moreover, you need to dig up in advance: in the fall or spring, at least 2 weeks before sowing. The earth should sink naturally, compact so that there are no large air spaces left between the lumps of soil.

I read that seeders with rollers are used in the fields. We cannot roll the earth so well by hand.

If you sow carrots in a loose bed, then the earth will sink along with germinating seeds and shoots. The soil layers are compressed, the delicate and thin root is deformed, torn, and lateral ones grow to replace them. But we are used to digging up and sowing immediately, while the earth is loose and wet.

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