The best varieties of Chinese cucumbers and the peculiarities of their cultivation
Many gardeners do not even try to grow Chinese cucumbers. And the reason is that the name evokes a clear association with greenhouse, huge, smooth and tasteless fruits. In fact, Chinese cucumbers are sweeter and more aromatic than the short-fruited ones we are used to. Seeds are sold in a huge assortment; Russian vegetable growers have already got their favorites.
The main characteristics of Chinese cucumbers are very similar to each other:
- fruits are long, grow quickly;
- the skin is tender, does not coarse for a long time;
- there are almost no seeds inside, they are underdeveloped;
- cucumbers are never hollow;
- the bushes are more powerful than that of ordinary cucumbers: the stems are thick, the leaves are large.
Almost all Chinese cucumbers are hybrids. More recently, they were discharged or brought from China. There were no domestic analogues or they did not possess all of the above qualities. But today domestic firms "Sedek", "Poisk", "Siberian Garden", "Aelita", "Gavrish" also supply seeds of Chinese cucumbers to the market.
The best varieties for open ground
Agrofirm "Sedek" became famous for its series "Chinese Sustainable". It includes several hybrids that adapt well to various unfavorable growing conditions:
- low light.
Chinese cold hardy
Chinese cold-hardy today is one of the most popular among Chinese cucumbers. Most often they leave positive reviews about him. Mostly praised for the fruit's endurance and excellent taste. In terms of ripening, the Chinese cold-hardy belongs to the mid-season (50–55 days). Zelentsy grow up to 50 cm long, densely covered with large tubercles.
Chinese cold hardy - popular variety of Chinese cucumbers
By freeing the bushes from the first harvest, you will give an impetus for even more abundant fruiting. The hybrid grows well in the shade and coolness, while it does not get sick with powdery mildew and fusarium. Due to these features, it is recommended for growing:
- in the open field with the obligatory garter to the trellises;
- in winter in greenhouses;
- at home (on the windowsill).
Video: Chinese cold-resistant cucumbers in the open field
Emerald Stream is another Zedek hybrid that is featured frequently on forums and blogs. The cucumber was included in the State Register in 2007; many gardeners have been growing it for several years in a row. The Emerald Stream lives up to its name with continuous, long and abundant fruiting. Like the previous hybrid, it does not get sick, is resistant to coolness, undemanding to light. Cucumbers also grow up to 50 cm, ribbed, covered with tubercles and white pubescence, ripen earlier (44–48 days). The hybrid is designed for outdoor use. At the beginning of the season, when it is still cool, a light film cover is enough for him.
Cucumber Emerald Stream is grown outdoors
Video: Review of the Emerald Stream
Chinese farmer is a bee-pollinated hybrid, that is, on the bushes, in addition to female flowers, you will also find barren flowers. For better pollination, the Chinese farmer is recommended to grow in the open field or in a temporary greenhouse, covered with foil on cool days. Adult bushes are no longer covered, but grown on trellises. The bush grows in one lash, you do not need to pinch it.
Chinese farm cucumber - bee-pollinated hybrid
The advantages of the hybrid are the same: disease resistance, shade, coolness. Fruits are crispy and sweet, grow up to 30–40 cm, have a beautiful appearance, are well transported, and are in demand on the market. Ripening period - 48-54 days.
Alligator is an early ripe hybrid from the "Chinese Resistant" series. So far, they rarely talk about him on the forums. Meanwhile, "Zedek" for the period from 2010 to 2017 released a whole trilogy: Alligator, Alligator 2 and Alligator 3. Each subsequent one surpasses the previous one in disease resistance. For example, Alligator 3 is not afraid of not only fungi, but also viruses, against which drugs have not yet been invented. Cucumbers live up to the name: they are covered with large bumps, which resemble the skin of a real alligator. Zelentsy are very juicy, sweet, dense. On one bush at the same time you can see 6-8 large fruits and the same number of fruits that have begun to fill. A bee-pollinated hybrid, bears fruit well in the open field on a trellis.
Alligator - a spectacular and hardy cucumber from the "Chinese Resistant" series
The best varieties for greenhouses
Parthenocarpic hybrids that are not too resistant to bad weather outside the window are suitable for growing in greenhouses. Their flowers do not require pollination, almost all of the female type, so cucumbers can be tied in tightly closed greenhouses until frost. The specialists of the agricultural firm "Aelita" are working on the creation of such hybrids. But almost all of them are new and have just begun to spread across Russian gardens. In the meantime, Stella, developed by the Federal Scientific Center for Vegetable Growing (formerly VNIISSOK), is at the peak of popularity.
Stella is a hybrid bred in the early 80s of the last century. It is widespread due to its ability to adapt to the climate of any region, grows well in all types of greenhouses, and is suitable for indoor vegetable growing. Gardeners often mention Stella in conversations about Chinese cucumbers for the greenhouse, although she can hardly be attributed to this category.
For Chinese cucumbers, the Stella fruit is a bit short
Fruits are smooth and graceful: not too long (20-25 cm), thin (3-4 cm in diameter). The skin is smooth, without tubercles, covered with shallow grooves. The hybrid is suitable for commercial cultivation in the winter-spring period, and for the amateur summer.
Video: an overview of the best greenhouse varieties of Chinese cucumbers
Having grown this new product from Aelita, you will get powerful cucumbers covered with white thorns, reminiscent of the slight unshavenness of a long-liver. The fruits grow up to 50 cm in length, have an even shape, there are no curved ones. According to the manufacturer, cucumbers are sweeter than regular cucumbers and have a more intense flavor. The hybrid is resistant to diseases and low light. Ripening period - 45-50 days.
Ni Hao is still a little-known, but interesting hybrid for protected ground. In the name "Aelita" she encrypted the Chinese word "Hello", as if inviting gardeners to get acquainted with her new product. Cucumbers are interesting in shape - they are very similar to a mace: at the base there is a smooth handle, and the rest of the surface is densely covered with tubercles. Zelentsy grow up to 45 cm, covered with thin skin, sweet, aromatic. Ripening period - 46-50 days. An interesting feature of Ni Hao is that plucked fruits can remain fresh for several days even at room temperature.
The best universal varieties (for indoor and outdoor)
The category of universal varieties includes hybrids that bear fruit well both in greenhouses and in open beds: the bushes are powerful, do not get sick, cucumbers are long, tasty, and most importantly, fruitful in any summer. Here, too, at the peak of popularity are Sedek cucumbers from the Chinese Resistant series.
Chinese disease resistant
The Chinese disease-resistant attracts gardeners with its name, who are worn out with varieties that constantly turn yellow and dry out from powdery mildew. This Chinese handsome man is not afraid of cold weather and low light, it is resistant to the main diseases of cucumbers. The fruits grow up to 35 cm in length, are covered with large tubercles, and have a smooth "handle" at the base. Ripening period - 48–54 days.
Not all reviews of this variety are positive. There are disappointed gardeners who claim that they have the disease-resistant disease first among the other varieties available.
Cucumber Chinese disease-resistant ripens in 48 days
Chinese heat resistant
Chinese Heat Resistant is another self-promoting cucumber from Sedek. It grows well in the south, remains productive in the heat (up to 35aboutC) and drought. Ripening period - 48-54 days. Zelentsy grow up to 50 cm, covered with large bumps, sweet, crispy, fragrant.
Cucumbers Chinese heat-resistant very long, large tubercles
This cucumber is receiving so many positive reviews that it cannot be ignored. But it is not officially registered in the State Register of the Russian Federation, the seeds are mainly supplied by Ukrainian companies: Veles, GL SEEDS, Nasha Gryadka, as well as the Russian company Seeds of Crimea. The hybrid is especially productive in warm and long summers, since 60–70 days pass from germination to the first harvest. Cucumbers grow simply gigantic - up to 70 cm, ribbed, covered with sparse tubercles, are not bitter, well transported, suitable for canning in pieces.
The length of the Chinese miracle cucumbers can reach 70 cm
Video: cucumber harvest Chinese miracle
The Poisk firm did not stay away from the selection of Chinese cucumbers. For open ground and light film greenhouses, a hybrid Chinese Emperor was created. The advantage of this cucumber is resistance to high temperatures and diseases. It takes 42–45 days from germination to harvesting the first crop. The fruits grow up to 40 cm, have a beautiful presentation: shiny, large tubercles, however, there are thorns-thorns, traditional for Chinese hybrids.
Cucumber Chinese Emperor resists disease well
White Dragon is a white-skinned Chinese cucumber from Search. The fruits are slightly curved, sometimes crescent-shaped. The tubercles on the surface are large, rarely located, there are few white spines. Zelentsy without bitterness, ready to harvest 48–52 days after germination. The hybrid is resistant to the difference between day and night temperatures, therefore it grows well in the open field, but it will be even more productive in the greenhouse. The manufacturer speaks of immunity to cladosporium disease, mosaic and is silent about powdery mildew. Perhaps this scourge of all cucumbers will not spare the White Dragon.
Firm "Poisk" has created a whole series called "Eastern Delicacy". In addition to those already mentioned, it included cucumbers: Peking gourmet, Confucius' favorite, Shanghai fellow. It is recommended to grow them in film greenhouses.
Features of planting and growing
The main feature of the cultivation of Chinese cucumbers is the obligatory garter to the trellis. It is necessary even outdoors. The fact is that the ovaries of this type of pumpkin are very thin, no thicker than the stalk on which they are held, while they are long and covered with a delicate skin. When grown in spread, when the lashes are on the ground, the ovaries will be:
- bend, running into any obstacle on the ground (lump of soil, weed, stem of the mother plant, etc.);
- rot, lying on wet ground under huge leaves.
Only a garter to the trellis guarantees healthy, even or with a beautiful curve, characteristic of the variety, fruits. Therefore, for a garden bed in open ground, choose a place so that you can build a support that does not cast a shadow on the rest of your plantings. The simplest trellis is two pillars and a net stretched between them.
The rest of the cultivation technology is conventional with small nuances:
- Sow seeds in a greenhouse or seedlings in early May, in open ground - in late May - early June. Place no more than 2-3 plants on 1 m² of the garden bed, the scheme is 50-90x30 cm, more precisely, look at the seed packaging.
- Protect cucumbers from frost and strong temperature changes with a covering material. Sometimes in the greenhouse, the seedlings have to be covered with additional inverted jars, boxes, etc. Optimum temperature for cucumbers during the day: 24-28 ° C, at night: 18-22 ° C. If it gets colder to 8 ° C, and this temperature lasts for two days, then the plants will die, at 5 ° C this will happen in a day.
- Water so that the ground is always moist (every day in the heat, less often on cloudy days). Chinese cucumbers have powerful bushes, so the water consumption is large: for an adult fruiting bush - 7-10 liters.
- Feed every 7-10 days throughout the season as these cucumbers grow lashes until frost. You can use purchased complex mixtures for cucumbers or make your own infusions of herbs, mullein, droppings with the obligatory addition of wood ash (1 tbsp per bucket). Always apply top dressing on wet ground. Consumption depends on the size of the bush: from a glass for an emergence with two leaves up to 5 liters for an adult bush.
- Form the bush into one stem, pinch all the side stepchildren over the 2-3rd leaf. If they are short, then you do not need to pinch anything. Do not break out the side shoots completely, some hybrids tie fruits on them, and not only on the main stem. When the lash reaches the top bar, pinch the top, if the weather is still warm and you need more cucumbers, then turn the lash to the other side so that it hangs down and continues to grow.
- When grown outdoors, sweet Chinese cucumbers can attract aphids, and in a greenhouse, greenhouse whitefly. Spray with Biotlin at the first sign. Insects should disappear after 2 days, the drug protects plants for two weeks, cucumbers for food can be harvested after 3-7 days. Do not spray during the period of mass collection. Therefore, try to detect and destroy pests early, at the very beginning of the growing season, or treat them in advance for prevention.
Harvest Chinese cucumbers every 2-3 days. One fruit is enough for a salad for a whole family. For personal consumption, 2-3 bushes are usually planted, while they eat only Chinese cucumbers all summer and give them to their neighbors. Zelentsy grow very quickly, during the night they can increase in length by 3-5 cm. It is not necessary to wait for full ripening, you can pluck young ovaries about 20 cm long. Almost all hybrids are suitable not only for salads, but also for canning in a sliced form.
Some gardeners do not cut off the whole cucumber from the bush, but part of it. They say that after this the fetus continues to grow. I have not tried that, because I consider it a mockery of the plant: sap flow is disrupted, the fruit withers at the cut point, the cut cucumber on the bush does not look aesthetically pleasing, an open wound is a gateway for viruses and infections, and cucumbers are not very resistant to them anyway ... If I don't need cucumbers, I won't eat so much, I still collect everything that has grown and matured to make life easier for the bush, and put the excess in the compost. The plant does not suffer from my lack of appetite. The next year I already conclude that this variety is too productive for me, I need to plant less.
Video: how to grow Chinese cucumbers
Reviews of Chinese cucumbers
Chinese cucumber seeds are no longer in short supply, many hybrids have already been tested by gardeners and have earned a good reputation. In care, this species is only slightly different from ordinary cucumbers. Powerful bushes require a mandatory tie to vertical supports, water and feeding for them are consumed in large volumes.
[Votes: 3 Average: 4.7]
Feature and Description
The ripening rate of the variety is impressive: the first digging for personal needs is carried out 45 days after germination, and after 55 days you can harvest the crop for sale.
Description of appearance and photo
Meteora bushes are tall, intermediate type (semi-spreading), with medium-sized dark green leaves. The flowers are small, white with a yellow center.
The tubers of the variety have an oval-rounded shape with a thin yellow peel. The shallow eyes are shallow for easy peeling of the potatoes. The pulp is yellow, does not darken on the cut.
The photo below shows potatoes of the Meteor variety:
Seeding rates and yield per hectare
The standard planting scheme for potatoes with tall bushes is:
- 70 cm between rows (furrows)
- 25 cm between bushes in a row.
With this scheme, seed potatoes (tubers up to 50 g) will require:
- per 1 ha - 2.85 tons
- per 1 hundred square meters - 28.5 kg.
If the tubers are larger, it is advisable to cut them into pieces.
All early ripening potato varieties have a modest yield, this is the price for early ripening. For a short growing season, they simply do not have time to gain weight.
However, Meteor was ahead of its competitors here.
The final marketable yield of the variety according to state tests is 200-400 c / ha, the maximum is 450 c / ha. The same value at the first digging on the 45th day after germination is 170-210 and on the 55th 230-320 centners / ha.
The State Variety Commission assesses the taste of Meteor potatoes as good
The opinions of amateur gardeners differ, ranging from enthusiastic to cautiously negative. Tastes could not be discussed
This is a very subjective characteristic.
100 g of "medium" potatoes contains:
- 13 g carbohydrates
- 2 g protein
- 0.4 g fat.
It contains minerals useful for humans:
- potassium (500 mg)
- phosphorus (60 mg)
- magnesium (20 mg).
Meteor honorably fulfilled the norm for the amount of useful macro- and microelements.
In terms of the content of vitamins, it exceeded the average indicators: to replenish the daily need for vitamin C, which in Meteora is more than 20 mg, it is enough to eat 200 g of this vegetable.
The yellow color of the pulp indicates a high content of carotene - provitamin A. The tuber of the variety also contains vitamins P and E.
Average weight of tubers
According to the results of state tests, the average mass of root crops is in the range of 102-147 g. When using intensive technologies, larger specimens can be obtained.
The advantage of the variety is the uniformity of tubers in size.
This value for the variety is 88-98%. Medium-sized oval tubers and creamy yellow flesh have an attractive appearance.
Disease and pest resistance
The main enemy of all nightshades is late blight. Here Meteor has an advantage - it has time to mature and be harvested before a wave of cold weather and rains that provoke a fungal epidemic.
The variety has a high resistance to late blight of tubers and medium - bushes.
Meteor has a high immunity to potato crayfish, scab, rhizoctonia, golden nematode, ring and dry rot.
Resistance to banded and wrinkled mosaics is assessed as moderate, and to Alternaria as medium.
Meteor does not have immunity to the Colorado potato beetle, but the existing chemical remedies are quite effective both in the fight against this pest and against aphids. The variety recovers perfectly after treatment with insecticides.
According to official data, the keeping quality of Meteor potatoes is 95%, which is due, among other things, to the resistance to mechanical damage due to the dense, but not rough skin.
Where is it applied?
The direction of using Meteora is a table variety. And a very early ripening period presupposes, first of all, immediate consumption. Tubers are good fried, baked and boiled. Due to the high starch content, a delicious puree is obtained.
The long shelf life of the crop makes this root crop universal: it is also used in blanks, including with the use of vacuum packaging.
Initially, the variety was approved for cultivation in the Central, Volgo-Vyatka, Central Chernozem and West Siberian regions. Then the Middle Volga, Ural and Far Eastern regions were added to them. And everywhere gardeners note the maintenance of an early ripening period and a fairly high yield.
How to grow yourself
Alligator cucumbers can be grown using seedlings and seeds.
Planting by seedling and seed method
It is recommended to warm up the seeds in advance; for this, the material is kept for 30 days near heat sources where the temperature does not drop below + 25 ° C.
Before planting, it is worth disinfecting the seed material. Garlic mixture is especially effective in this regard. To prepare it, add 30 g of garlic to 100 g of water, mix everything, drop the seeds. Hold for 60 minutes. Take out, rinse with water and put on a damp cloth, leave for two days.
Then the seeds are placed in the refrigerator for 24 hours.
It is recommended to plant cucumbers in cooked containers in April. It is best to prepare the earth in advance by taking sawdust, peat and humus in equal parts. For every 10 kg of such a mixture, add two tablespoons of nitrophoska.
Fill containers with prepared soil, place seeds without deepening too much. Pour the soil from a spray bottle. The seedlings will be ready for planting in the ground in a month.
Some summer residents do not grow cucumbers using seedlings, but sow seeds directly into the ground. It is worth doing this no earlier than mid-May so that the soil has time to warm up. To begin with, the seeds are soaked in potassium permanganate, then dried.
Small holes are made in the ground, where 2-3 seeds are placed. Then, when shoots appear, it is necessary to remove weak shoots. The planting depth of seeds should not exceed 3-4 cm, the holes are placed at a distance of at least half a meter.
Step-by-step cultivation and care
The most important thing to care for is watering with warm water. The bushes are watered twice a week, the leaves are periodically watered with clean water. They are fed twice a season, this will significantly increase the yield.
The lashes of cucumbers grow and curl strongly, it is best to fasten them to strong trellises.
Features of cultivation and possible difficulties
Growing cucumbers Alligator has its own characteristics:
- The plant must grow upward, so it needs good, stable support, otherwise the fruits will deform into ugly hooks.
- The hybrid needs frequent watering and regular feeding.
During the growth process, the leaves of the plant may turn yellow or become sick with powdery mildew. To prevent this from happening, the seedlings are covered overnight, and potassium is added to the top dressing.
Typical diseases and pests
Powdery mildew most often appears on the leaves of the plant, less often on the fruits themselves. After infection, several lashes may fall off the bushes. Such a plant begins to die slowly, and if it grows, then the fruits will be of low quality and in small quantities.
To prevent the disease, high humidity, frequent temperature changes, and weeds should not be allowed.
If you do not notice the disease of downy mildew (downy mildew) in time and do not help the plants, whole fields may die. Yellow-green spots appear on the leaves, covered with a light green bloom. They attack the upper part of the leaf, quickly spread to other plants.
Downy mildew spreads due to high humidity and cold watering. It affects cucumbers quickly, because even the wind can transfer the disease to other cucumbers.
White rot covers the entire plant, covering it with a white bloom and so-called mucus. It spreads especially quickly on plantings in greenhouses, since there is high humidity and a lot of closely planted plants.
Slugs most often crawl out in the dark, when the flesh of the cucumbers can be eaten without obstacles, which makes the fruits unsuitable for eating, the quality of the crop decreases.
➣ Cucumbers "Alligator". Dimensions in kind. Greenhouse and open ground
Watch this video on YouTube
Early maturing, undersized, determinant, high-yielding tomato variety for open ground and temporary film shelters.
Standard bush, medium-branched, well leafy, 35-40 cm high, does not require pinching. The leaf is of an ordinary type, medium in size, dark green. The inflorescence is simple, compact. The first inflorescence is laid above 5-6 leaves, the subsequent ones every 1-2 leaves.
If you want to get an early harvest, then form a bush, leave only 1 or 2 stepsons, and remove the rest. This way you will have a formation of 2 or 3 stems. If you leave all the stepchildren, then the harvest will be insignificant, but later.
Fruits are round, smooth, almost all of the same size, red at the stage of ripeness, weighing 65-90 grams, good taste for early tomatoes. These tomatoes are versatile in purpose - good for both early fresh salads and for canning and processing into tomato products. Average taste.
The variety is resistant to top rot of fruits, bacterial spotting and macrosporiosis, moderately susceptible to late blight and septoria, according to the originator, highly susceptible to TMV.
Liang tomato yield: up to 7 kg of fruits from 1 square meter of the plot (subject to agricultural technology, watering and feeding).
This tomato variety is included in the State Register for the Central and East Siberian regions.
On sale now you can find the seeds of the variety Liana pink... Differences from the usual Lyana: the fruits are slightly larger, pearlescent pink, the height of the bush is 0.6-0.7 meters.
Advantages of the variety: early amicable ripening of fruits, their excellent quality, high yield, good transportability, keeping quality, resistance to diseases and fruit cracking.
Features of growing, planting and care
Sowing the seeds of this variety of tomatoes for seedlings is carried out 60-65 days before the intended planting in the ground. Seedlings dive - at the stage of 2 true leaves. When planting seedlings to a permanent place of 1 sq. It is recommended to place up to 6 plants per meter of the prepared area. Landing scheme: 70 x 30 - 40 cm.
Further care for tomatoes consists of timely watering, fertilizing with complex mineral fertilizers, removing weeds, pinching (as needed) and preventive measures to protect plants from diseases and pests.
Liang tomatoes on video
A huge number of varieties of tomatoes with descriptions, photos, reviews of gardeners in our Catalog of tomatoes. Happy viewing.
If you grew Liang tomatoes, please write, did you like them? Many call this variety the best of all early low-growing tomatoes - do you think the same? How do you rate the resistance of this variety to diseases? Briefly describe the advantages and disadvantages of this tomato in your opinion. If possible, attach a photo of the entire bush or individual fruits grown by you to the commentary. Thank you!
Your reviews about Liang's tomato and additions to the description will help many gardeners evaluate this variety objectively and decide whether to plant it or not.
This is a natural tomato variety. Therefore, we recommend taking seeds from a ripe fruit and growing it again next season!
- Olga I have been planting for 4 years. I can't get enough of it. Now the tomatoes in the open field have already begun to turn brown. We eat from June to September. Delicious, sweet. All one to one. Smooth. Canned. In a jar it does not sour, all whole and juicy. I am very satisfied. I always buy seedlings from the same person. I like it very, very much. Recomend for everybody. 10 bushes and overeat.
- Tamara We plant 1-2 bushes in the greenhouse, and the main composition is on the street. We have been planting for many years. We do not refuse the variety, do not tie up, do not stepchild. The harvest is always good.
- Ksenia A very good harvest in the cold summer of 2017. Amicable ripening, good return from the bush, I liked the taste. I planted it for the first time, I hope to grow it constantly.
- Lily has not yet found a better variety for its conditions. The bushes grow by themselves, even without support, there are a lot of tomatoes, fleshy, sweet, tasty. Minimal care.
- Svetlana Left - Riddle, right - Lyana. She planted varieties in a greenhouse - Katya, King of the Early, Red Cheeks, Merchant, Sanka. She hasn't found anything better than Lana and Katya.
TomatLand35 415 views16 comments
White-fruited cucumbers. Description. Varieties. Growing
White-fruited cucumbers. Description. Varieties. Growing
Have you ever seen white cucumbers? Agree that the white color of the green vegetables we are used to is unusual for our perception.
White-fruited cucumbers have not yet gained much popularity, but varieties of cucumbers with white fruit color deserve your attention.
Recently, breeders developing new varieties of vegetable crops, focus not only on changing the color of ripening fruits, but also on improving their taste.
Recently, many new varieties of tomatoes have appeared with an unusual color of the peel. But until recently, the color of the peel of cucumbers was standard - green.
But now there are varieties of this vegetable crop with an unusual white skin of ripe fruits.
About the main advantages and disadvantages of such varieties, about the main characteristics of new varieties and why white cucumbers are now becoming more and more popular with summer residents, will be discussed below.
Description and characteristics of white cucumbers
Basically, all varieties of white cucumbers are classified as early-maturing varieties, most of them can be grown both in the open field and in greenhouses. Shoots grow well, their height can reach 1.5-1.
7 m and above. A sufficient number of lateral shoots are formed on the lashes. The foliage is medium in size, bright green in color.
[su_box title = "Tip" style = "glass" box_color = "# FFDB00 ″ radius =" 5 ″]
The ovaries are light green in color; by the time of ripening, the skin of the fruit acquires a characteristic white color.
The productivity of the varieties is high, the fruit size is medium. Most varieties are versatile, fruits can be used fresh, as well as salted or canned.
The main differences between white and green cucumbers
The main differences between white and green cucumbers are as follows:
- In white cucumbers, the skin color is light green only in the fruits that are beginning to ripen, ripe cucumbers acquire a white color.
- Ripe fruits of white cucumbers are distinguished by a richer taste and aroma, the pulp is sweeter, without bitterness.
- White-fruited cucumbers grow well in height, so a mandatory garter is required for their lashes. As a result, all the bushes receive more light and are better blown by the wind.
- White cucumber varieties do not require formation, since the ovaries are equally well formed on the main and lateral shoots.
- White cucumber varieties can tolerate slight drops in temperature and temporary shade. Also, when the temperature rises above 40 degrees Celsius, ovaries continue to form on their lashes.
Advantages and disadvantages of white cucumbers
The main advantages of white cucumbers include:
- high yield
- lashes of this vegetable crop do not require formation
- versatility of most varieties
- good commercial qualities of the harvested crop
- unusual color of ripe fruits
- ripe fruits have excellent taste, do not have bitterness
- are highly resistant to most diseases.
There are few disadvantages of these varieties:
- lashes grow well, therefore they require mandatory tying
- some varieties require more care than the main types of cucumbers.
The most popular varieties of white cucumbers
grade "White Angel" - ripe fruits of this variety have white skin and thorns. The variety can be grown both in the garden beds and in greenhouses. A distinctive feature of these fruits is that even with insufficient watering, the pulp does not taste bitter. The White Angel variety is versatile - its fruits are used fresh, and are also suitable for conservation.
cucumber variety Snow Leopard
variety "Snow Leopard" - ripe fruits of this variety have excellent taste and have an excellent presentation. Good harvests are harvested from the bushes of this variety. Fruits can reach 18-19 cm in length. Cucumbers are used fresh and for pickling.
grade "Snow White" - one of the most popular varieties of cucumbers with white fruits. It tolerates a short-term drop in temperature well, therefore it is successfully grown in the open field. Snow White belongs to the early maturing varieties, has a high yield. The fruits are universal: they are used fresh, as well as pickled and salted.
grade "Bride" requires special care, so beginners do not always manage to get high yields of these cucumbers. However, the fruit of the Bride tastes excellent.
grade "Bidigo-Lungo" Is a hybrid variety that was bred specifically for growing in greenhouses.
This hybrid belongs to the early-ripening varieties of cucumbers with high yields, can bear fruit throughout the summer season, almost until the cold weather. The fruits are used both fresh and preserved.
The following varieties are also popular with many vegetable growers:Chinese white ", «White delicacy ", «Italian white ".
Conditions for growing white cucumbers
The soil in the beds where varieties of white cucumbers will grow must meet the following requirements:
- fertility is quite high
- the soil must have good looseness and excellent water permeability
- the acidity of the soil is close to neutral.
Usually, ready-made seedlings of white cucumbers are planted in the soil, on which there are at least 5-6 permanent leaves. In this case, the harvest from the bushes can be obtained earlier than with direct planting of seed directly into the beds.
Caring for the varieties of these cucumbers comes down to regular watering, loosening the soil, removing weeds and applying top dressing.
These vegetables should be watered in greenhouses a couple of times a week; in hot weather, cucumbers are watered every other day.
As top dressing, a solution of manure or "green tea" is used, alternating organic dressings with mineral ones. During the season, this vegetable crop is fed no more than 5 times. You can read more about dressings for cucumbers in the article. "How and what to properly feed cucumbers".
The unusual appearance of ripe fruits, high yield, excellent taste of white cucumbers - these characteristics are appreciated by vegetable growers, therefore white cucumbers are increasingly grown in their summer cottages. With proper care, summer residents get a good harvest of delicious cucumbers, with juicy pulp, which has a sweetish taste without bitterness.
I sowed turnip Petrovskaya, this is an old well-known variety, and Geisha is a Japanese turnip, white. Petrovskaya is growing very quickly, you must not let her do this, otherwise it will be tasteless, with a strong smell of iodine. But if you want your seeds, just leave one root vegetable and wait)).
I grew, but I have my own stones. The earthen flea loves her very much. So either cover or process it is necessary.
I have not seen any flea beetles! The turnip grew along the zucchini. I will do the same this year.
1. Plants shoot for 3 most common reasons: long daylight hours, for example, the period of white nights thickened planting of plants drought. 2. Root crops grow completely different in shape due to the acidity of the soil. If you have a weed called horsetail on your site, then this is a clear sign that the soil on your site has an acidic reaction. 3. The timing of planting culture. Turnip variety Petrovskaya autumn, for winter consumption. It should be planted no earlier than June 20. The further south the region is, the later the planting dates are. The flowers of turnip seed plants are really yellow in color.
The color of the Geisha turnip root crop is completely white. The root vegetable is juicy, the taste is neutral, there is no "turnip" aftertaste, familiar to all of us from the Petrovskaya variety, is not there. The leaves of this type of turnip can be used for making salads.
The turnip is considered a cold-resistant crop that does well even in shaded beds. And this is on hand for gardeners - you can shoot two crops per season even in latitudes with not the warmest climate. Children love to eat turnips. In summer, turnip is a great snack for the whole family, it is both nutritious and thirst quencher. This root vegetable has many advantages, it should not be ignored. Moreover, caring for him is already simple.