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Abromeitiella brevifolia

Abromeitiella brevifolia


Succulentopedia

Deuterocohnia brevifolia

Deuterocohnia brevifolia, also known as Abromeitiella brevifolia, is a terrestrial bromeliad with small rosettes of fleshy triangular…


Abromeitiella brevifolia - garden

Accepted Scientific Name: Deuterocohnia brevifolia (Griseb.) M.A.Spencer & L.B.Sm.
Bradea 6(16): 144 (1992)

Origin and Habitat: Argentina in the region of Tucuman and southern Bolivia.
Habitat: Abromeitiella brevifolia f. chlorantha is a dense, cushion-like plant, clambering over the rocks in a very arid area. In its environments it is watered perhaps only twice a year, finding all of its moisture from the air itself. The only water it ever gets is in the form of sea fog.

  • Deuterocohnia brevifolia subs. chlorantha (Speg.) W.Schultze-Motel
    • Abromeitiella chlorantha (Hauman) Mez
    • Lindmania chlorantha Hauman
    • Pitcairnia chlorantha (Hauman) A.Cast.
    • Tillandsia chlorantha (Hauman) Speg.

Description: Deuterocohnia brevifolia f. chlorantha (Abromeitiella chlorantha) is a low densely caespitose perennial cushion forming sub-succulent herb, a very peculiar terrestrial bromeliad that forms a neat, ultimately large and compact rounded 'mound' up to 90 cm in diameter with hundreds of small narrowly standing rosettes of leaves.
Rosettes: Very small, with individuals reaching from 3.5 to 6.5 cm across.
Leaves: Densely arranged, spreading, linear-lanceolate, triangular or ovate-triangular, up to 22 mm long and about 5 to 13 mm wide at the base, 2 to 3 mm thick, hard, fleshy, deep green and greyscaly, at the margins with small spines at the base or even spineless, and with sharp tips.
Flowers: Small and insignificant, solitary or several, lateral, out of rosettes, cylindrical, greenish to intensely green.
Blooming season: Early winter.
Note: Deuterocohnia brevifolia f. chlorantha has been a controversial subject: A. chlorantha was a very acceptable title for many years, and in fact is still upheld by some. It is now considered to be part of A. brevifolia.

Subspecies, varieties, forms and cultivars of plants belonging to the Deuterocohnia brevifolia group

Bibliography: Major references and further lectures
1) "The Plantsman", New Perspectives Pub., 1990
2) Hermann Jacobsen, "Abromeitiella to Euphorbia", Blandford Press, 1960
3) Barbara Segall, "Botanica: the illustrated A-Z of over 10,000 garden plants and how to cultivate them", Mynah, 1997
4) Debra Brown Folsom, Huntington Botanical Gardens, "Dry climate gardening with succulents", Pantheon Books, 14/Mar/1995
5) Country Life, Volume 192 1998
6) Clive Innes "Complete Handbook of Cacti and Succulents", Van Nostrand Reinhold Company, 01/Dec/1981
7) Wikipedia contributors. "Deuterocohnia brevifolia." Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, 11 Dec. 2016. Web. 29 Sep. 2017


Abromeitiella chlorantha (Deuterocohnia brevifolia subs. chlorantha) Photo by: Valentino Vallicelli
Abromeitiella chlorantha (Deuterocohnia brevifolia subs. chlorantha) Photo by: Valentino Vallicelli
Abromeitiella chlorantha (Deuterocohnia brevifolia subs. chlorantha) Photo by: Valentino Vallicelli
Abromeitiella chlorantha (Deuterocohnia brevifolia subs. chlorantha) Photo by: Valentino Vallicelli
Abromeitiella chlorantha (Deuterocohnia brevifolia subs. chlorantha) Photo by: Valentino Vallicelli
Abromeitiella chlorantha (Deuterocohnia brevifolia subs. chlorantha) Photo by: Valentino Vallicelli

Cultivation and Propagation: Grow it like succulents in in full sun to light shade and well drained soil. They are slow growing and Plants very drought tolerant. They should be watered regularly especially during summer months, keep dry in winter. It is probably one of the cold hardiest of the bromeliads, but detesting winter wet on its foliage, proves difficult to keep outside.
Propagation: Deuterocohnia brevifolia ssp. chlorantha is propagated by division and from seed when available.


Abromeitiella brevifolia - garden

Family: Bromeliaceae
Habitat: South America: Brasil, Bolivia, Chile.
Cultivation: Abromeitiella is a drought tolerant genus of plant, and it needs plenty of sun or partial shade depending on the species.
Curiosity: The name “Abrometiella” is actually outdated: modern DNA tests showed that these plants actually belong to another genus, Deuterocohnia, but the name “Abromeitiella” is still used.

KEY FEATURES

Abromeitiella plants are mat-forming succulents with spined leaves arranged in numerous rosettes. They grow slowly and sometimes form cushion-shaped colonies. Their inflorescence is not so showy: flowers are generally green and very small. However, they are pretty plant to be grown in rocky gardens especially for the peculiar shapes of their colonies. In their natural enviroment, they almost never receive water, and they have developed the capacity to absorbe water from the humidity of the air!

VARIETY AND TYPES

The genus Abromeitiella is widespread in many regions of South America. Here below are some species of Abromeitiella. In the case of uncertain genus attribution, the alternative names are in parenthesis. Try to check our online shop in the section “Abromeitiella” to find some of them!

  • A. abstrusa
  • A. brevifolia
  • A. brevifolia subsp. chlorantha
  • A. chlorantha
  • A. lorentziana
  • A. lotteae
  • A. pulvinata
  • A. scapigera

TIPS FOR GROWING

Here below are our tips for growing Abromeitiellas:

  • Put Abromeitiella plants in a bright spot
  • Abromeitiellas are really cold resistent: they can bear temperatures until -7ºC. However, they can’t stand water on their foliage, especially in Winter: this make the cultivation outdoors hard to realize
  • Water Abromeitiellas regularly during the Summer and keep it dry in Winter. While watering, pay attention not to wet the leaves: these plants hate it especially in cold weathers
  • Use a well drained substrate: a cactus mix is the better option.
  • Abromeitiella are generally slow-growing plant, but they form maps, so they need space to develope. Repotting frequency is different depending on the species considered.
  • Propagation is generally made through cuttings of the rosettes, more rarely though seeds.


Highlights

Deuterocohnia brevifolia (previously known as Abromeitiella brevifolia) (Spencer & Smith): A unique bromeliad native to Bolivia and Argentina. Each rosette of spiky, silver green leaves stays under 3.0" wide, but they offset readily. After many years, it can develop into a large, dense hummock. This species also makes an easy houseplant as it can tolerate slightly lower, indoor light conditions. It tends to bloom in winter with small, greenish, tubular flowers.

PLEASE NOTE: Leaves have very spiny tips and edges. Handle with caution.

Soft succulents will not survive a hard frost, but if there is a risk of freezing temperatures they can be brought indoors to grow on a sunny window sill or under a grow light. They need ample sunlight, good drainage, and infrequent water to prevent rot. Pick containers with drainage holes and use well-draining cactus and succulent soil with 50% to 70% mineral grit such as coarse sand, pumice, or perlite. Water deeply enough for water to run out the drainage hole, then wait for the soil to fully dry before watering again.


Watch the video: Abromeitiella brevifolia Argentina Ball #shorts