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Plants with purple foliage

Plants with purple foliage



5 trees and shrubs with purple and red foliage - placing accents in the garden

1. Red maples
Maples red in autumn are a familiar phenomenon. But there are trees of this kind that “burn” the entire growing season. First of all, these are varieties of red maple and Norway maple.
Interestingly, there are even types of maples, the foliage of which is lilac-pink or orange-red in the spring, when blooming, in the summer, “turns into a common green of different shades, and in the fall again changes color to the red or yellow side.
Maple with red leaves looks unusually elegant and therefore is widely used in landscape design. In addition to purple, purple, scarlet foliage, such trees are famous for a very beautiful crown shape, which, depending on the variety, can be ovoid, round or pyramidal. Maple with red leaves looks dignified in any planting option: both a tapeworm and in a composition.
The following types of colored maples are distinguished by the greatest brightness and decorativeness: Summer Red (Summer Red), Crimson King (Crimson King), October Glory (Oktober Glory), Deborah (Deborah), Armstrong (Armstrong).

2. Red-leaved barberries
Among the many varieties of this thorny shrub, there are many brightly colored - including all shades of purple. Cabernet, Ottawensis Auricoma, Red Carpet, Orange Rocket, Harlequin, Coronita - this is not a complete list of red-leaved barberries.
These plants are unpretentious, grow quickly, are easily amenable to formative pruning, look great on the site both as a tapeworm and as part of a spectacular hedge.

3. Red-leaved plum and cherry plum
Red-leaved plums and cherry plums are an example of a two-in-one fruit tree, when both the appearance pleases with unusual colors, and the harvest ripens when it should be.
The crown of such trees is painted in bright red-brown shades, and the flowers are cast in a pale pink color or pure white. In summer, red and purple fruits appear, which look no less decorative on the branches.
Such red-leaved plums and cherry plums look advantageous against the background of evergreen conifers, along paths, near the walls of large buildings, next to woody white-flowering crops. Trees lend themselves well to shaping, so they can be grown in group plantings to create hedges, giving the crowns a compact spherical shape.
Plums are especially decorative: Cistena - with a columnar crown and red-violet foliage, Early - with a rounded crown dotted with brown-red leaves, Hollywood - with a drooping crown and red leaves on long cuttings. In the southern regions, the red-leaved cherry plum, or Pissardi plum, is widespread.

4. Decorative apple tree
Among the fruit trees, it is worth remembering also the red-leaved apple trees, which will undoubtedly decorate any site. Even if the fruits of the variety of such a tree you have chosen do not have an amazing taste, many of them add decorativeness to such a culture throughout the season, remaining on the branches not only in late autumn, but sometimes in winter. And even during flowering, decorative apple trees are an incredible sight at all.
The advantage of decorative apple trees is their unpretentiousness. You can take care of them like ordinary apple trees. In addition, the trees are winter-hardy and drought-resistant, and you can also choose the variety of the growth and crown shape you need.
The best varieties of decorative apple trees: Weeping (Riverine), Nedzvetsky (Purple), Royalty, Pionerka, Red-leaved red berry, Paradise, Weeping red-leaved, Profusion.

5. Skumpia
Among the red bushes, special attention should be paid to the tanning skumpia. An adult plant may look like a graceful tree with a branchy crown in the shape of a ball or umbrella. The unusual foliage gives a special charm to the scumpia: the bluish-green leaves on long petioles acquire a fiery red color by autumn, which then changes to red or burgundy. There are also scumpia varieties whose foliage stays in red throughout the season. For example, such is the Grace hybrid scumpia: its leaves in spring and summer are wine-red, in early autumn they turn reddish-blue, and before falling off they acquire a rich fiery red color.
If you rub scumpia leaves in your hands, you can smell the carrot.
Scumpia is no less interesting during flowering, which occurs in the second half of summer. Branching paniculate inflorescences from a distance look like clouds enveloping a shrub. When the light-colored flowers fall off, orange-pink pedicels remain. Because of them, the plant got its second name: the wig tree (these threads are very similar to thick hair).
The plant is unpretentious, grows well in the garden and feels good even on rocky soil. But the scumpia also has a significant drawback: the plant is not too winter-hardy.


Plants with unusual foliage

Calladium

This plant has very unusual and beautiful foliage. It can be grown in the garden in summer and as a home flower. Caladium is also called Christ's heart or elephant ears, which received this name because of the shape of the leaf. The leaves of the plant are bright, beautiful. The color of the leaf depends on the variety. It can be monochromatic: yellow, green, pink, purple, white and even with a bluish bloom, as well as with various veins, dots, stripes and spots of different patterns. Moreover, the beauty of monochromatic leaves is not inferior to multi-colored foliage.

It is a seasonal plant growing from spring to late autumn. When it begins to shed foliage, it should be removed from the garden and placed in a cool place (in the closet, under the bathroom or bed). However, at rest, water should be periodically done to keep the ground dry. In the spring, the plant is taken out, the tubers are examined for disease and planted in fresh fertile soil to a depth equal to the circumference of the tuber. Water is regularly watered and the container is covered with a film, which is regularly removed for airing and the container is placed in a dark, damp place. When sprouts appear, the film is removed, the seedlings are regularly watered and sprayed, but without fanaticism, so as not to cause rotting of the tubers.

coleus

Coleus

It also belongs to plants with beautiful foliage. There are many varieties of Coleus, there are very decorative foliage, with pretty flowers and even with edible roots and leaves. It is also grown in the apartment and garden. Many varieties are bred from the Blume Coleus. They have a variety of foliage colors, capable of satisfying the most sophisticated taste. The plant propagates by seeds and cuttings.

Growing a culture is not difficult, you just need to follow a few simple rules.

The planting site should be well lit, but direct sunlight harms the coleus - the leaves lose brightness. Any soil will do, but not poor.

The plant does not like temperature extremes and when it drops below 15 degrees, it slows down growth.

To increase the foliage, it is necessary to remove not very attractive flowers so that they do not take away the strength from the plant.

geyhera

Heuchera

It is a popular ornamental plant when creating various flower arrangements because of its beautiful foliage, but it blooms with inconspicuous small cream, pink or white bells. Many leaves, different in color and pattern, allow using Heuchera in micro-borders, for isolating bulbous crops, decorating reservoirs, alpine slides, and even as a cutting plant in bouquets with luxurious flowers.

Geichera grows in nature on rocks, so for it you need to drain it with a layer of 3-5 cm and be sure to calcify the soil. It develops well in full sun and partial shade. Water the culture in moderation. Tubers should be covered with a mixture of soil with expanded clay or coarse sand. Top dressing is practically unnecessary or very moderate, since heuchera is used to growing on scarce soil.

A plant can die from stagnant water, from acidic soil and from over-fertilization with organic matter.

It is imperative to huddle the plant, since due to the bulging of the middle of the bush, it can freeze out. And also do not cut the foliage for the winter, they are harvested in the spring.

host

Hosta

She is probably the most common ornamental plant and is the queen of the shady garden. This is due to the huge number of varieties with a variety of original foliage colors. Moreover, not only the color of the leaves is different, but also their shape, which allows you to create a wide variety of flower arrangements.

Leaves come in all shades of green with various blotches of golden, white, yellow, bluish-blue. Hosta is dwarf and high up to 1.5 m in height.

Any soil is suitable for hosts, moist, but without stagnant water. The culture grows more slowly on the sand, but the color of the foliage is brighter. It is better to choose a place in the shade. Hosts with dark foliage are best placed in dark places. A large amount of white indicates that the bushes lack light. Such varieties are planted in a sunny area near the south side of a tall plant so that the hosta is in the shade at noon.

hypoesthesia

Hypoestes

Amazing bright plant of rare beauty with a variety of graphic patterns on the foliage from regular dots and stripes to rounded spots. It is a house plant that can beautify the garden area. Culture looks harmoniously next to Coleus. To grow a plant, you need to sow it with seeds or perform cuttings available in the house. There are pink-leaved varieties, as well as with leaves of yellow, lemon, white, blood-red, purple-red. The flower grows well on any soil, but loves bright lighting, i.e. sunny places. In the heat, hypoesthesia must be watered.

plants with unusual foliage - perilla

Perilla

This plant is branched 40-140 cm high with large toothed leaves on long petioles. It is also called Japanese parsley by culinary experts; the shiso leaves, which are used for food, taste between basil and mint. There are varieties with foliage colored red, green, spotted. Spotted perilla is used as an ornamental plant. It forms many flowers, collected in a brush. The seeds are brown, small. They are sown in April-May. Perilla loves fertile soils, is thermophilic and grows well in good lighting.

We recommend that you plant any of the 6 plants with beautiful foliage... This will add originality to your garden and will delight you with bright colors throughout the season.

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Coleus

There are so many types of Coleus in nature that it is sometimes difficult to choose the most beautiful of them. Moreover, not all of these plants are distinguished by decorative foliage, some still bloom very nicely, while other species have edible roots and leaves.

Coleus is still better known as an incredibly beautiful ornamental plant. The most popular types are Blume and Fershaffelt. If you want Coleus to show itself in all its glory, pick off the flowers. First, they are not very attractive. Secondly, blooming weakens the plants and prevents them from growing bright foliage.


Red-leaved plum and cherry plum

Red-leaved plums and cherry plums are an example of a two-in-one fruit tree, when both the appearance pleases with unusual colors, and the harvest ripens when it should be.

The crown of such trees is painted in bright red-brown shades, and the flowers are cast in a pale pink color or pure white. In summer, red and purple fruits appear, which look no less decorative on the branches.

Such red-leaved plums and cherry plums look advantageous against the background of evergreen conifers, along paths, near the walls of large buildings, next to woody white-flowering crops. Trees lend themselves well to shaping, so they can be grown in group plantings to create hedges, giving the crowns a compact spherical shape.

Plums are especially decorative: Cisten - with a columnar crown and red-violet foliage, Early - with a rounded crown, dotted with brown-red leaves, Hollywood - with drooping crown and red leaves on long cuttings. In the southern regions, red-leaved cherry plum, or plum pissardi.


Jacaranda

Jacaranda is a genus of giant plants with about 50 species of trees and shrubs. Another name is the violet tree, which was given to him due to its bright flowers, reminiscent of the plant of the same name. The tree is native to Argentina, Brazil or South America. It grows in tropical forests, which means that jacaranda is thermophilic and prefers moisture.

Today the plant blooms in many countries of the world on most continents. It is very fond of many residents due to its beautiful and fragrant flowers. The tree is especially common in the Republic of South Africa: along roads, in alleys and in all parks.

The straight trunk can reach 30 m in height, the crown is wide and spreading. In general, the bark has a gray tint, however, it becomes red on young shoots. Large leaves have a complex shape and are 20-30 cm long. They are often confused with fern greens. Each sheet includes many other small ones.

Shrubs with dark foliage are increasingly appearing in the design of a modern garden - purple, red, burgundy, brown, purple and almost black for some garden styles. These shrubs have an amazing appeal - their foliage immediately attracts attention and literally mesmerizes, giving both brightness and depth to the surrounding greenery and flowers. And if, for some reason, there is a pause in flowering in your garden, they will come to the rescue in maintaining the color scheme - elegant, bright, mysterious, and your garden will never be boring.

Bubble plant (Physocarpus opulifolius)

Bubble-leaf Vine-leaved is an unpretentious winter-hardy plant with large beautiful leaves. The color of popular varieties is dark purple with a violet or brown tint. Even the names of some of them, for example Litlle Devil, will be appreciated by lovers of the noir style (from the French Noir, "black").

The most popular variety is Diabolo, the second name is Purpureus, also often translated as "Devil's purple". The shrub is large, if not cut, it can grow up to 3 m.However, do not be alarmed - a neatly trimmed shrub surrounded by greenery and warm colors turns into a bright, refined accent plant that completely transforms your garden design.

The assortment also includes varieties with more joyful purple-red (Lady in Red, Red Baron) or orange-red (Diabolo d'Or) leaves. These are undersized varieties, so they can be used to decorate mixborders and alpine slides.

Black elder (Sambucus nigra)

Like the bladder, elderberry is an unpretentious and winter-hardy plant. During flowering, it is densely covered with inflorescences of a beautiful pink color with a pleasant smell. The fruits are edible. It has several varieties with dark, almost black leaves, which is reflected in their name: Black beauty, Black Lace, Black Tower. Large shrubs up to 2.5 m high.

They differ in the shape of the bush and leaves: Black beauty and Black Lace - spreading bushes. The foliage, as the name of the variety suggests, is more delicate in Black Lace. Black Tower got its name from the shape of the bush - the branches are erect, directed straight up and do not fall apart even without a haircut.

Skumpia leather (Cotinus coggygria) Royal Purple

With the growing popularity of extravagant Art Nouveau plants, the scumpia has become quite popular in modern gardens, especially the Royal Purple variety.Its leaves are very dark, purple-purple above and bright red below, which makes the shrub more joyful. During flowering, when the foliage is covered from above with loose, large inflorescences of a lighter, dark pink color, it seems that the bush is covered with ragged clouds. And after flowering, when the flowers have fallen off and only red pedicels remain, the bush becomes completely unusual, as if it suddenly overgrown with hair. Hence the common name for scumpia - "wig tree".

Scumpia is unpretentious in cultivation, it can grow even on stony soils, you just need to correctly determine its place: the plant must be protected from cold winter winds and drafts.

Big hazel (Corylus maxima) Purpurea

Hazel, known to all of us for its delicious fruits, also has a variety with colored leaves - Purpurea. It is a tall, spreading bush with beautiful wrinkled leaves covered with fine hair. The color is softer than that of the previous forms: when the leaves appear, they are light red, then darken. Flowers - red and yellow catkins up to 10 cm long, appear before the leaves, therefore, the bush has a color already in April.

Weigela

The flowering weigela shrub, mainly the flowering weigela species (Weigela florida), also has varieties with beautiful purple foliage: one and a half meter Alexandra and Purpurea and low, up to 1 m, Nana Purpurea and Minor Black.

Very interesting variety Monet Verweig with not very dark, brown-red-pink leaves with pink edging.

Of the hybrid Weigela varieties (Weigela hybrida), Bokrashine has the darkest reddish-brown leaves. The shrub is very decorative, but more thermophilic than other varieties. However, this does not affect the color of the leaves, and the second wave of flowering on the shoots of the current year will be, even if the bush freezes over the winter.

As with the scumpia, the site for the weigela should be protected from cold winter winds and drafts. The rest is unpretentious, grows even on heavy calcareous soils.

Barberry (Berberis)

This shrub needs no introduction, as it is one of the most beloved garden plants. Barberry is unpretentious in cultivation, winter-hardy, grows, like weigela, even on heavy calcareous soils, is very decorative, and the fruits are not only decorative, but also edible. Forms with colored leaves are found in the Thunberg barberry (Berberis thunbergii) and Ottawa barberry (Berberis ottawensis).

Ppopular varieties of Thunberg barberry:

Atropurpurea - high bush, up to 2 m, dark red foliage, brightens by autumn

Atropurpurea Nana - differs from the previous one only in size - up to 1.5 m

Red Pillar - purple-violet foliage is distinguished by a neat columnar shape - at a height of 1.5 m, the crown width, as a rule, does not exceed 1.5 m

Admiration is one of the most interesting varieties: short, less than 0.5 m, the color of the foliage spreads strongly in width - red-brown, bright red in autumn, along the edge of the leaf - a light border.

Popular varieties of Ottawa barberry:

Superba - tall, up to 4 m, with dark red leaves that brighten in autumn

Auricoma - about 2.5 m high, with leaves that are red in spring and summer and orange in autumn

Silver Miles - the variety is interesting because, unlike other shrubs with decorative leaves, you need to plant it in the depths of the site, since the foliage has a very strange color: gray spots and stripes of different sizes are scattered on a purple background, which does not look very neat close up , and from a distance the color seems lilac.

Recommendations for placing shrubs with dark leaves

For shrubs with dark colored foliage, it is very important to correctly determine the planting site. Such a place should be illuminated by the sun at least in the morning hours; in deep shade, the color will lose its brightness.

It is undesirable to plant several plants with dark foliage in the same group, such as bladderwort or black elderberry. These plants should be a bright accent, tapeworm on a light background, for example, a building or a fence made of white brick, green lawn, or in group plantings with plants with bright greens and flowers of warm colors - yellow, orange, red.

White flowers and silvery or yellow leaves will complement the color scheme well. Flowers of blue and purple tones near such shrubs are undesirable, they can visually turn the deep beautiful color of the foliage into a primitive brown.

It is undesirable to plant several plants with dark foliage in one group.

Plants with dark leaves should be in the foreground (with the exception of Silver Miles barberry), then the composition will appear especially bright. But with the rest of the varieties of barberries, there will be no problems - their red foliage is so beautiful that they can be planted everywhere - undersized varieties along the curbs and on an alpine hill, tall ones - as a hedge, both monochrome, and in combination with varieties of barberries with green and yellow foliage.

A beautiful composition will turn out from black elderberry, bright red or yellow barberry and bright green spherical coniferous bushes.

There are many options - both in groups of shrubs, and in flower and shrub compositions, and as tapeworms, the main thing is not to overdo it with the size of the dark spot. And this is not easy to do, because the shrubs are so good that, having planted one bush on the site, you immediately want to collect a whole collection.


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