Secrets of successfully growing Japanese anemones outdoors
Delicate, graceful Japanese anemone became a favorite of European gardeners back in the 19th century. The culture does not differ in its variegated palette, but it can decorate even the farthest corner of the garden. You will learn how to grow an ornamental plant outdoors in our article.
Description of Japanese anemones
The herbaceous perennial belongs to the Buttercup family and is found throughout the temperate climatic zone. For late flowering, which lasts from July to October, Japanese anemone is also called autumn. Thanks to the creeping root system, the plant grows very quickly, forming a bright flowering cover.
Depending on the variety, the anemone grows up to one and a half meters, forming small bushes with erect, medium-leafy shoots. The leaf plates are oval, feathery, dissected, emerald green in color. Inflorescences are umbellate, loose, up to 9 cm in diameter, outwardly reminiscent of chamomile. The structure of the baskets is simple, semi-double or double. The color is varied, but always with a golden or yellow-green heart.
Popular varieties of autumn anemone with photos
Due to the large number of artificially bred hybrids, it is sometimes very difficult to understand which variety a cultivar belongs to. Some biologists believe that the Hubei (Anemone hupehensis), Japanese (japonica) and hybrid (hybrida) are one and the same species. To understand a little about the differences, consider a few of the most famous varieties.
Hubei anemone 0.6-0.7 m in height blooms from August to October. Baskets of simple structure, consisting of one row of slightly corrugated petals. Unlike the Praecox hybrid (Precox), which has a more saturated color, Crispa has a pale pink, with a pearl tint and a yellow-lime core.
Pretty lady julia
This anemone with semi-double inflorescences looks like Prinz Heinrich or Pamina. It grows up to 0.5-0.6 m, forming compact loose bushes. The petals, like those of Prince Henry or Pamina, are painted in a monochromatic pink-crimson hue. Flowering lasts from the second half of summer until the first frost.
A culture with lush white inflorescences, consisting of 10-15 semi-double flowers. The height of the bush does not exceed one meter, the leaves are dark green, with a bluish tint. The color of the petals is uniform, without blotches, the core is bright yellow. The variety is winter hardy, grows best in partial shade.
An unusually gentle anemone up to 0.8 m high. The leaves are dark, with a grayish tint. Baskets are simple in structure, consisting of one row of slightly wavy petals. The color is one-color, snow-white, the core is yellow-orange. The cultivar grows well in the sun, but prefers shaded areas more.
Beautiful felt anemone belongs to tall varieties. The height of an adult bush can reach more than one meter. The leaves are dark emerald, covered with fine hair below. The inflorescences are simple, small, lilac-pink color, with a dark orange "eye". Outwardly, Robustissima resembles a dahlia Funny guys.
Video "Planting and growing anemones in the garden"
This video discusses the basic rules of crop farming.
Growing and caring for an anemone in the garden
Japanese anemone is an unpretentious culture. She tolerates winter well, is not demanding to care for and adapts well to external conditions. However, so that the decorative qualities of the plant do not suffer, and it itself pleases with abundant flowering, it is necessary to observe the agricultural technology of growing in the open field.
It is best to plant late-flowering plants in the second half of spring or early summer. The bushes will have time to throw out the buds, which will bloom by the end of August. The perennial can also be planted in the fall. However, this must be done early so that the young plant has time to adapt and does not freeze out.
Site and soil selection
Autumn anemone feels comfortable in shaded areas, does not like direct sunlight and drafts. Since the culture has a creeping root system, the distance to other plants should be at least half a meter. A place is chosen that is not subject to stagnation of moisture, however, an elevation for an anemone is also not suitable.
Perennial grows well in nutritious, drained soils with good penetrating ability. The reaction of the soil can be neutral or slightly acidic (the permissible level of pH is 5.5 to 7.5).
Planting anemones with tubers and seeds
The site for planting is prepared in advance. The earth is dug up, and then weeds, small debris and stones are removed. Humus, peat, wood ash are added to the soil, mineral fertilizers are added if necessary. Dig holes 15x30 cm in size with an interval of 0.5 m from each other. During the planting of tubers, the following algorithm is followed:
- planting material is soaked in warm water for four hours;
- fill the pots with a soil mixture of peat and sand, where the tubers are placed to a depth of 50 mm;
- when the first shoots appear, the anemone is transplanted to a permanent place;
- after planting, the soil is lightly crushed and well moistened.
Another way to grow Japanese anemones is by seeds. It consists of the following stages:
- a month before the thaw, the seed is placed in moist, loose sand for several days;
- when the seeds are swollen, they are sown in a container filled with peat;
- until the first shoots appear, the container is kept at room temperature, and then taken out into the street, sprinkled with snow and sawdust;
- landing at a permanent place is carried out after the establishment of stable warm weather.
Since the superficial root system of the anemone is not able to get moisture from the lower layers of the soil, the ground around the plant must be constantly moistened. Watering frequency for an adult plant is once a week. With prolonged absence of precipitation or intense heat, the frequency is doubled. So that moisture does not stagnate, and the soil remains wet for a longer time, a mulch layer is laid on top.
All procedures with the soil must be carried out very carefully so as not to damage the roots, and only after watering.
For the entire season, the culture is fed three times:
- in the spring, after the appearance of the first leaves, humus or other organic fertilizers are applied;
- during budding, mineral compositions are used;
- in the first half of autumn, fertilized with complexes without nitrogen or wood ash.
Autumn anemones tolerate transplantation and any interventions in the root system very poorly. You can grow a perennial from seeds, but this method is not suitable for hybrid forms. Most often, growers propagate the culture vegetatively, by dividing the bush. They do this in the spring so that the plant has time to adapt before winter. The mother bush is carefully dug out, trying not to damage the roots, and then divided into small sockets. Places of cuts are treated with an antiseptic, after which they are deposited in a permanent place.
In regions with mild snowy winters or in the south, the Japanese anemone winter calmly without additional shelter. Preparation for the cold season begins at the end of flowering, cutting off all the shoots almost to the base. The soil around is fertilized with humus and watering is stopped.
In regions with harsh winters, cut bushes are covered with dry leaves, peat or humus. Some gardeners recommend covering the plant with spunbond on top.
Protection against diseases and pests
With proper care, late-flowering anemones rarely get sick. Most often, the culture is affected by fungal infections if it grows in groups. It is better to dig up and burn an already infected bush, and spray the neighboring plants with a solution of Fundazol or Fitosporin. For prevention, it is enough to adhere to the irrigation scheme, weed weeds in time, and also treat with fungicides.
Sometimes snails or caterpillars appear on flowers. If there are not too many pests, they can be removed mechanically. Otherwise, irrigation with insecticides such as "Aktara" or "Aktellik" will help. Opponents of chemicals can spread ground egg shells, red peppers or dry needles under the bushes.
Often anemones suffer from nematodes. Treatment with nematicides (for example, "Nematodos") will help to exterminate the parasites. You can also plant calendula or nasturtium nearby, which effectively repel roundworms.
It happens that anemones stop blooming. If the problem is not with disease or pests, then the crop is most likely lacking light or suffering from a lack of nutrients.
Japanese anemone in landscape design
Autumn anemones are able to decorate any part of the garden. Decorative perennials can be planted in various variations:
- curb landings;
- group compositions;
- for the decoration of alleys, paths or arbors.
Despite the narrow color palette, Japanese anemone goes well with almost all garden plants.
To emphasize the individuality of each culture, landscape designers advise such neighbors for anemone:
- junipers, thuja or cypresses;
- ornamental shrubs.
Delicate oriental graceful Japanese anemones appeared in Europe not so long ago, but have already managed to occupy their niche in the local gardening. Despite their fragile appearance, perennials are quite stable and unpretentious, which makes them the favorites of middle lane flower growers.
Garden culture, pleasing to the eye with a multicolor of graceful flowers, both in spring and against the background of wilting nature, is very popular with gardeners.
Anemones have fleshy cylindrical or tuberous roots. The height of the peduncles is from 5 to 120 centimeters. Leaves are palmate or split. Seeds of all types of anemone are small, of various shapes. The roots, stems, flowers of the plant are poisonous.
- solitary and in inflorescences
- terry and simple
- small and large.
Petals (from 5 to 20 pieces) can be colored:
By the timing of flowering, spring varieties (ephemeroids) and autumn-summer varieties are distinguished. The advantages of the ephemeroid are the graceful and varied color configuration. The color overflow of the petals is dominated by pastel tones.
Lack of spring anemones: fast flowering. The awakening of the anemone begins in April. All the buds bloom in May. Flowers dry up by the end of June. Autumn varieties are tall, brightly colored. Flowering lasts up to 3-5 months, some with an intermittent cycle: in the summer season and autumn months.
Anemone crown De Caen planting and care in the open field. General information
Anemone is the Russian transliteration of the Latin name for the plant. The name itself comes from the Greek word for "wind". One of the translation options for the word "anemone" is "daughter of the wind." Anemone was known to the ancient Greeks, and some of them believed that the flower opens or closes depending on the wind.
Subsequently, this opinion was considered erroneous, but the name remained. However, the anemone does sway a lot in the wind, and its petals can fly off from strong gusts.
The crown anemone came to the middle lane from southern European and Middle Eastern countries. It is a perennial plant with a tuberous rhizome, belongs to the family
Buttercup. The anemone grows to a height of 30 cm. Part of the leaves are collected in basal rosettes. The leaves sit on petioles, are divided into narrow lobes, which are present in large quantities on each leaf.
The leaves located on the peduncles are solid, sessile, have no petioles. Dense thick shoots of the plant are low-leafed.
Anemone de Caen is a typical crown-shaped species. Saucer-shaped flowers of pink, white, red or blue color with flat individual petals reach 8 cm in diameter, less often - 10 cm, have a simple non-double shape. The relatively large central part of the flower can be colored in several tones and has a convex shape. The velvet pistil is bordered by a large number of stamens.
The plant blooms twice a year - in spring and autumn. Anemone de Caen, like other representatives of this genus, is distinguished by its high winter hardiness - up to almost -30 ° C. Individual flowers can often be found even in winter when the snow melts. Flowering of one specimen lasts almost a month. The flower shape of the anemone is very similar to the poppy.
The graceful flowers of the de Caenne anemones will add airiness and lightness to any garden area. In group compositions, it looks good in the vicinity of primroses - scylla, primrose and others, forming a blooming carpet almost after the snow cover disappears in spring.
Single plants will stand out with bright color accents against the background of creeping decorative leafy crops such as mosses and various succulents.
With individual species groups of anemones, you can decorate the root spaces around garden trees, place them along the garden paths. Anemone de Caen will perfectly decorate an alpine slide or rockery. In separate pots or pots, the plant will decorate a loggia, balcony or summer veranda.
Among perennials, suitable neighbors for this variety will be forget-me-nots, violets, evergreen Iberis, daffodils.
The plant tolerates transportation well and retains freshness for a long time when cut, so florists often use it to create live bouquets. If anemones are grown for cutting, it is recommended to plant them in vegetable beds.
Anemone has long been considered endowed with medicinal properties. So, in China and at present, parts of the plant are used to create remedies for chronic rheumatism. Traditional medicine attributes to anemone the properties of an antiseptic, an analgesic, it is believed that its use in the composition of medicinal products has an anti-inflammatory effect. In addition, parts of the anemone are used as part of remedies for curing paralysis, convulsions, impotence.
It is possible to plant anemone seedlings in pots only at the onset of a favorable moment. It can be determined by the fact that the seedlings have formed two true leaves. Haste with a transplant will not benefit the anemone, since in the future you will have to pay more attention to it while leaving. During the planting of flowers in the fall, they need protection from the cold from fallen leaves or hay. When growing anemone flowers from seeds, you will have to stock up on a lot of patience, since the first flowers will appear only in 3-4 years.
If it is necessary to ensure the flowering of anemones throughout the season, then you should be very careful when choosing varieties. They should differ in flowering time, and they must be planted at the right time.
How to properly care for an anemone?
After the planting of the anemone flowers is completed, they begin to care for it. Particular attention must be paid to soil moisture. Watering should be moderate, because when water stagnates roots start to rot... The plant will not feel well if it does not receive enough moisture, since it will not have the strength for normal growth. In some cases, plants will not be able to set buds at all. You can ensure the optimal level of soil moisture if you plant flowers on a hill and provide for high-quality drainage.Mulching the soil has a positive effect. Peat or leaves of fruit trees can be used as material. The mulch itself is laid on the soil in the root zone with a layer of 5 cm.
In spring, the need for moisture in flowers is low, so you can limit yourself to watering once a week. A similar irrigation regime is provided in summer, provided that the weather is cool. In hot weather, anemone should be watered every day before sunrise or after sunset.
At the beginning of mass flowering, the anemone will consume a lot of energy, so it will have to be provided with additional fertilizing. However, it is undesirable to use fresh manure for these purposes. In the fall, feeding is carried out with complex mineral fertilizers. In those cases, if fertilizers were applied to the soil before planting the seeds, feeding is not required.
Distinctive features of the Japanese anemone
This anemone is a cultivated perennial rhizome plant of the ranunculaceae family (Ranunculaceae). Its leaves are oval, pinnately dissected, colored dark green. Buds on Japanese anemone appear in late July - early August. Blooming white or pale pink graceful cupped flowers with yellow hearts do not fall until mid-autumn.
The height of the bush is from 40 cm to 1 m or more, depending on the variety.
By the way, this plant has quite a lot of varieties, most of them are hybrid:
- Queen Charlotte (bush up to 1 m with large semi-double pink flowers)
- September Charm (the height of a bush with delicate pink flowers with a golden center can reach 120 cm)
- Prince Henric (also a tall bush, but the buds on it are red)
- Pamina (bush up to 1 m with burgundy buds)
- Whirlwind (80 cm shrub with white flowers)
- Profusion (plant taller than 1 m with semi-double dark purple flower petals)
- Honorine Jobert (tall plant with white flowers with pink edging).
Japanese anemone is also called anemone, allegedly because the Greek word anemos means "wind". But there is another legend associated with this plant. According to her, the flower grew from the blood of Naaman, a character from the Old Testament (Genesis 46:21). The Semitic term anemone means "lamentation for the lost Naaman."
It is enough once to see in reality or in a photo how the Japanese anemone decorates the autumn garden in order to want to acquire an ornamental plant on your site.
Pests and diseases
Like most garden plants, anemones are negatively affected by pests. The plant is resistant to diseases. Of the pests, nematodes, snails and slugs are mainly annoyed. The latter intensely damage the leaves of plants. You can fight these pests mechanically - by hand picking, chemical - spraying foliage with special chemicals. Damage by nematodes is expressed by yellowish spots on the leaves. This should not be started, as it will ultimately lead to the death of the entire plant. The fight against this pest is possible only by removing damaged leaves and changing the soil (transplanting). Preventive methods include timely removal of dead leaves, weeding and loosening of the soil.
Anemones are one of those flowers that will take pride of place in the garden and will decorate it with their long, bright and unusual flowering.
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Do you want your garden to blaze with different colors and delight you, your neighbors, and your bees? Then plant anemones, and they will pleasantly surprise you with their rare flowering, subject to any breeze (not without reason, in translation from Greek, anemone is "the daughter of the winds"), their compact size and relative undemanding care.
Anemone crown in landscape design
A variety of breeding varieties of crown anemone is just a godsend for landscape designers. Various flowering periods, amazing shades of color allow you to make seasonal compositions even from anemones alone. Combination with other primroses adds brightness to the gray spring landscape.
They are used to decorate alpine slides, rabatok, rockeries. Tall varieties are used to create the background in the microborder. Low - serve as a smooth transition from high to lawn, good for framing paths. Single bushes planted in the garden add juiciness and color to the landscape.