Green zucchini - tasty and simple
Some consider green-fruited zucchini a variety of ordinary white zucchini, while others, calling them "zucchini", are distinguished as a separate culture. Without going into the intricacies of the classification, it is worth taking a closer look at the varieties and cultivation features of these popular and delicious vegetables.
Varieties of green zucchini
Green zucchini is now very common. Domestic and foreign breeders have bred a large number of varieties, so everyone can choose the appropriate option for their site.
It is no coincidence that this hybrid became the first on the list. The positive qualities of the plant have long earned the love of gardeners. Aral F1 is distinguished by immunity to viral diseases, resistance to adverse weather conditions (including frost), as well as tasty fruits. Its yield is about 10 kg / m2.
Aral F1 is a compact bush type plant with large leaves. Fruits are cylindrical in shape with a slightly ribbed surface, light green, with rare whitish spots. Early fruiting - begins 5–6 weeks after sowing the seeds. In cool conditions, the crop can be stored for about 4 months.
Aral F1 is one of the most popular zucchini hybrids
Due to its high heat and drought resistance, Skvorushka is one of the most popular varieties of marrow in Ukraine and southern Russia. This, of course, is not the only quality that makes the vegetable stand out. High yield (more than 10 kg / m2), simultaneous early ripening (6-7 weeks), the small size of the bush and the excellent taste of both fresh and processed fruits made Skvorushka famous among vegetable growers.
The plant of this variety has a bush of just over 1 m in diameter with many female flowers. There are silvery spots on the leaves. Fruits are cylindrical, about 1 kg in weight, dark green in color.
Skvorushka has female-type flowers.
This hybrid is one of the earliest - its fruits are ready for harvest 38–40 days after planting. Other features include a stable yield, the relative unpretentiousness of the plant and the excellent taste of the fruit.
The Sangrum F1 squash has a compact bush with relatively small leaves that are heavily cut. The pale green fruit is covered with small white dots. The taste of the vegetable does not deteriorate even when overripe, although it is best when the weight reaches 400-500 g.
Sangrum F1 fruits are covered with white dots
Another early ripening hybrid, which in terms of maturation rate competes with the F1 Sangrum. Significant differences of this cultivar type are long-term fruiting (2-3 months) and the ability to self-pollinate.
Cavili F1 has a medium sized bush with dark green leaves covered with white spots. Fruits are even, cylindrical, ready to harvest when the weight reaches 300–400 g. The pulp is juicy and tender. Productivity - about 9 kg / m2... The fruits do not overripe, are well stored and are suitable for any processing.
Cavili F1 is successfully grown in open and closed ground
This variety is especially interesting for the color of its fruits, which consists of green spots of varying intensity. The bush is medium-branched, the leaves are large, dissected, without spots. The harvest begins on the 35th day after planting. Fruits weighing 0.7–1.7 kg have a dense, creamy flesh and are distinguished by excellent taste. Average yield is 7-12 kg / m2.
Zucchini Sudar belongs to the early maturing varieties
Features of growing green zucchini
The popularity of green zucchini is due to common attractive features: compact bushes, early maturity and a more delicate taste than their white-fruited counterparts. The methods of growing these vegetables differ little from those applied to white-fruited. Green zucchini is grown both outdoors and in a greenhouse.
Green-fruited zucchini are a little more demanding on growing conditions. The soil for planting should be prepared in the fall. You need to choose a well-lit area where representatives of the pumpkin family have not grown before.
The best predecessors for squash are legumes and nightshade crops.
The site should be dug up, after adding organic (1 bucket of compost per 1 m2) and mineral (100 g of superphosphate per 1 m2) fertilizers. It is important to monitor the acidity of the soil, if necessary, bringing it to a neutral state by adding colloidal sulfur (for alkaline) or lime (for acidic).
Before planting zucchini, be sure to fertilize the soil
The process of planting green zucchini consists of the following steps:
- In the spring, just before planting seeds, the bed must be dug up so that the soil is loose, well aerated.
- In the prepared hole, to a depth of 3-5 cm, add a few seeds that have hatched. The optimum distance between the holes is 0.5 m. This is quite enough for compact bushes of green zucchini.
- After planting, the soil must be mulched (preferably peat humus) to retain moisture and prevent weed growth.
Subsequent care for zucchini is also not difficult. It is important to pay attention to the destruction of weeds (green-fruited zucchini does not react well to soil contamination) and control over the moisture content, especially during flowering, when dehydration of the surface layer of the soil is unacceptable.
On poor soils, before and after flowering, you can fertilize with a solution of nitrogen fertilizers (50 g per 10 l of water), but you do not need to get carried away with this - in most cases, autumn filling with organic matter is quite enough.
Video: planting zucchini in open ground
Most green zucchini have early and early ripening periods. The collection of fruits begins, depending on the variety, 35-50 days after planting the seeds in the ground. Having planted in May, the first vegetables can be harvested in early July, continuing to harvest until September. Having grown the Skvorushka variety, the fruits of which are perfectly stored, fresh zucchini can be eaten until the New Year holidays.
Usually green-fruited zucchini begin to be harvested a month and a half after planting.
Green zucchini have long taken their place in Russian gardens due to their early maturity, unpretentiousness and delicious fruits. All this suggests that they will not give up their positions for a long time.
A site about a garden, a summer residence and houseplants.
Zucchini (Cucurbitapepo) - a kind of hard-bark pumpkin. Compared to pumpkin, zucchini and zucchini have a number of undeniable advantages. First of all, these vegetables ripen much faster than pumpkin. In addition, they can be eaten (unlike pumpkin) when young.
By the way: Zucchini will help beauty
Summer residents have a frequent problem - the skin of the face and hands suffers from the sun and wind, because gardeners spend a lot of time in the beds. Zucchini will help keep the skin beautiful. You need to grate it on a fine grater, like on pancakes. Mix the gruel with 400 ml of Hercules flakes, which are placed in warm cream for 10 minutes beforehand and squeezed out. Add 5 ml of honey - and the mask is ready. Gently apply the thoroughly mixed mixture on the face and hands. Keep the mask for 10 to 30 minutes. Wash off with cool water, put on cotton gloves on your hands until morning.
First, let's figure out the varieties of zucchini
The best bush varieties for outdoor cultivation
Most asthenia of the Pumpkin family form long, spreading whipsthat require large areas. At the same time, modern summer residents and gardeners are often limited to 6 acres, on which you want to plant a variety of crops.
The limited space and savings of every meter make planting traditional climbing varieties a real luxury, but bushy ones become a godsend for such sites.
Bush squash you can easy to fit into tight spaces and even plant in a flowerbed among flowers, where large leaves will be an excellent backdrop for other plants.
Compact plant. Shows good disease resistance.
Fruits are green, 14-15 cm long, tasty, versatile. They perfectly withstand transportation. Subject to the rules of agricultural technology from 1 sq. m of area can be collected 7-7.5 kg.
Ultra-ripe... The first fruits are ready to be harvested within 35-40 days. Fruits of white color, oval, excellent taste, universal purpose The pulp is dense, creamy. Stores well.
Early ripe hybrid. Fruits weighing up to 500 g, green. The pulp is dense, white. The yield is high. Disease resistance is above average.
Early maturing variety of bush type. Disease resistance is very high. The fruits are pale green, cylindrical. The pulp is pinkish yellow or light yellow. Suitable for canning.
Anthracnose in zucchini
Dark brown spots appear on the leaves, which increase and over time a hole appears in their center. The disease affects zucchini, squash, and even cucumbers. Leaves, fruits and shoots of the plant suffer from anthracnose.
Since the disease develops with high humidity, then place plantings on elevations where water does not stagnate. In addition, add the plants, carefully so that the water falls on the soil, and not the leaves. Experienced gardeners advise using a 1% solution of Bordeaux liquid in the fight against anthracnose zucchini. Also, we recommend using modern fungicides. We do not recommend a specific drug, since the industry is constantly producing new, more effective and safer drugs. A local gardener will advise you on the best way to treat this crop. Just don't buy chemicals from the bazaar, they often sell fake. If the crop is grown in greenhouses, then at the end of the season they should be disinfected. For example, a 2% bleach solution.
Zucchini varieties of early ripening are of particular value, because they are most often the first fresh vegetables of the new summer season.
An early ripe parthenocarpic hybrid developed by Dutch breeders. Ripening period 40-45 days.
When planting 4 plants per 1 sq. m yield is 15 Kg... Iskander fruits are light green, up to 20 cm long, with a thin delicate skin. The pulp is tender, juicy, creamy or white.
The ripening period of the Tsukesha variety is 41-50 days. The plant is characterized by large dark green leaves with gray spots. These are varietal features of color and should not be confused with a disease.
Fruits up to 40 cm long and weighing up to 900 g. Fruiting continues until frost. Fruit well stored and transported... The pulp is juicy, very tasty.
The main feature of the variety is green globular fruit covered with light dots that look like a ball. The pulp tastes excellent.
Ripening period for round squash is 50-55 days. The plant is compact, bushy with strongly dissected leaves.
This variety has already been mentioned as a popular bush squash, but the early ripening period is another plus in the piggy bank of positive characteristics. Ripening period 42-45 days.
Fighting diseases and pests of cucumbers in greenhouses: processing plants (with photo)
To combat diseases and pests of cucumbers in greenhouses, the main attention is paid to the careful implementation of all phytosanitary measures, ensuring a balanced diet, light, humidity (air - 90-95%, soil - 80-85%). Maintaining the daytime temperature of 25-28 ° C, nighttime - about 20 ° C before fruiting and 22 ° C - during the fruiting period, the temperature should not drop below 17-18 ° C (even at night) and increase over 35 ° C. To prevent the migration of pests into greenhouses in the summer, nets are installed on transoms and doors. In greenhouses and in the surrounding areas, weeds are regularly removed. To catch winged aphids and whiteflies in greenhouses, you can use yellow glue traps, which are made from a sheet of plastic or yellow cardboard measuring 12 × 25 cm on both sides they are covered with non-drying glue. Aphids and whiteflies, attracted by the yellow color, adhere en masse to the surface of the trap. Blue traps are used to catch thrips. Also, small troughs of yellow or orange color filled with water are suitable for catching aphids and whiteflies. With a strong population of plants by pests or the impossibility of using other means of protection, chemical preparations are used (aktara, fitoverm, commander, vertimek, confidor, novaktion, etc.).
Another measure to control pests and diseases of cucumbers is the cultivation of resistant varieties and hybrids. You can use pumpkin species resistant to root rot as rootstocks for grafting (in the seedling phase) on them of economically valuable hybrids or cucumber varieties. Timely culling of seedlings affected by viruses, bacteriosis, root rot. The use of immunostimulants (zircon, immunocytophyte, amulet, humates, etc.) and microelements for seed treatment and spraying during the growing season increase the resistance of plants to a complex of pests and diseases. When diseases or pests of cucumbers appear in greenhouses, it is recommended to lower the air humidity to 65-70% (intensive ventilation). This slows down the development of cladosporium, peronosporosis and angular leaf spot. Compliance with at least a three-week break between culture rotations. Before removing the fruiting plants from the greenhouses, they are sprayed with copper-containing preparations mixed with insecticides. Removal of plant residues, firing the trellis, then disinfection of the inner surface of the premises with solutions of pharmaiod, virkon, viracid, decanex, etc. A month before planting the seedlings, the substrate is disinfected with steam, in case of severe infection, it is replaced. To protect cucumbers from diseases and pests, it is recommended to give preference to easily disinfected greenhouse soils (for example, zeolites). In the fight against root rot and tracheomycotic wilting during the growing season, it is recommended to treat the substrate with suspensions of biological products alirin-B, gamair, planriz, glyocladin, trichodermin, and from chemicals - with previcur. Nutrient solutions are disinfected thermally or with ultraviolet light.
To combat pests and diseases of cucumbers, it is recommended to carry out pre-sowing treatment of seeds against the complex of fungal diseases TMTD, you can use biofungicides: alirin-B, bactofit, glyocladin.
From a viral infection, it is recommended to warm dry seeds in a thermostat for 2 days at a temperature of 50-52 ° C, then another day at 78-80 ° C or disinfect them in a 15% solution of trisodium phosphate, followed by washing with water during the growing season - spraying with a solution farmayoda use 3-year-old seeds for sowing (with a storage period, the number of viruses in them decreases).
When isolated foci of insects or diseases appear on the seedlings, cucumbers are treated for diseases with chemical or biological preparations, severely damaged plants are discarded. To combat the ascochitous stem and root form, white and gray rot, the affected areas are coated with a mixture of rovral and chalk (1: 2), rovral and lime (1: 1) or sumilex in the same proportions.With a weak stem form of ascochitosis and with a weak development of root rot - lowering the stem and sprinkling it with loose soil to form additional roots above the lesion site, the plants are regularly sprayed with suspensions of biological products. In case of urgent need, for the treatment of cucumbers for diseases and pests, spraying is used: from powdery mildew - topaz, quadris, thiovit jet, from biofungicides - phytosporin-M, gamair, alirin-B from peronosporosis - previcur, quadris, biofungicides from bacteriosis - phytosporin M, gamair, phytolavin, as well as copper-containing preparations.
Look at the photo of how the cucumber pest control is carried out: