Schisandra chinensis: description of the plant and recommendations for care
Chinese lemongrass is still rare on the plots of Russian gardeners. Many are simply afraid to plant an unknown exotic culture, considering it capricious and demanding to care for. But Chinese lemongrass is an unpretentious plant, nothing supernatural is required from a gardener. For compliance with the simple rules of care, the culture will thank you with a bountiful harvest of very useful berries.
What does Chinese lemongrass look like?
Chinese Schisandra (Schisandra chinensis) is a small genus of plants from the Schisandra family. In nature, it is distributed mainly in China, Japan, in the north of the Korean Peninsula. It is also found in Russia - in the Far East, Sakhalin, the Kuril Islands. Its first scientific description was given in 1837 by the botanist N.S. Turchaninov.
Schisandra chinensis in nature forms dense thickets
The habitat of the plant is river valleys, forest edges, old clearings, clearings, burnt places. Accordingly, it is quite cold-resistant and shade-tolerant, which makes it suitable for cultivation in most of the territory of Russia.
Leaves and shoots have a characteristic aroma of lemon peel, and it is to this that the plant owes its name. Although it has nothing to do with citrus fruits.
In nature, lemongrass is a large plant. The length of a vine with a curly stem, if it is not limited by anything, reaches 12-15 m. At the same time, the stem is rather thin, only 2.5–3 cm in diameter. Flexible shoots are covered with brown bark. On young branches, it is smooth, elastic, shiny, darkens over time, changing color to black-brown, and peels off.
In autumn, Chinese lemongrass looks elegant and very impressive.
Leaves are dense, leathery, ovoid or in the form of a wide oval. The edges are carved with almost imperceptible teeth. The petioles are rather short, colored in various shades of pink and red. The front part of the front plate is glossy, bright green, the wrong side with a gray-gray tint, along the veins there is a strip of short soft pile.
In autumn, the plant looks very attractive - the leaves are colored in different shades of yellow, from pale golden to saffron.
The flowering plant also looks nice. Lemongrass flowers resemble those made from magnolia wax. The petals are snow-white, before falling off, acquire a delicate pastel pink hue. The buds are collected in inflorescences of 3-5 pieces, located in the axils of the leaves. Pedicels are long enough, slightly nodding under their weight. Flowering occurs in the first half of July.
Schisandra chinensis flowers, spreading a pleasant aroma, attract pollinating insects to the garden plot
Schizandra fruits are small spherical bright scarlet berries, collected in 15-25 pieces in a cluster 8-12 cm long, resembling bunches of grapes or red currants. They also have a characteristic citrus aroma. Each contains 1–2 large seeds. The taste is extremely specific due to the high content of organic acids, resinous and tannins, essential oils. The skin is sweet-salty, tart, the juice is very sour, astringent, the seeds are bitter.
In China, the fruit is called the berry of five flavors.
It is almost impossible to eat fresh Schisandra chinensis (especially its wild varieties)
The average yield of Schisandra chinensis is 3-5 kg of berries from an adult plant. But once every 3-7 years there are bursts when the vine bears 1.5-2 times more fruits than the gardener expected. The harvest ripens in August or early September.
Schisandra is a dioecious plant. This means that pollination and subsequent fruiting is possible only with the simultaneous presence of specimens with male and female flowers on the site.
The yield of Schisandra chinensis is not amazing, but its fruits are, rather, not a delicacy, but a medicine
In folk medicine, seeds and dried fruits of lemongrass are used. They are distinguished by a high content of vitamin C, as well as microelements vital for the body (iron, zinc, copper, selenium, iodine, manganese). Lemongrass has the ability to relieve fatigue caused by intense physical and mental stress, sharpen vision and hearing, and relieve depression. It is also extremely useful for strengthening immunity and stimulating tissue regeneration, helps with vitamin deficiency, problems with the heart and blood vessels, and the respiratory system.
A handful of dry berries made it possible for Far Eastern hunters to forget about the feeling of fatigue and hunger throughout the day.
Dried berries of Chinese schisandra - a powerful tonic
There is also a fairly long list of contraindications. Lemongrass is prohibited for pregnant women and children under 12 years of age, as well as those who suffer from vegetative vascular dystonia, any allergies, chronic insomnia, high intracranial pressure, infectious diseases. At the same time, it is recommended to take drugs from it before noon, so as not to provoke insomnia. The simultaneous use of any sleeping pills, tranquilizers, neuroleptics, psychostimulating drugs is strictly prohibited. In general, it is undesirable to prescribe lemongrass for yourself, it is better to first consult a doctor.
In nature, according to various sources, there are from 15 to 23 varieties of Schisandra chinensis. The culture also does not enjoy special attention from breeders, so the choice of varieties is limited. Most often, the following varieties are found in garden plots:
- Sadovy-one. Self-fertile hybrid that does not need pollinators. Differs in high cold resistance, good yield, growth rate of shoots. The berries are very juicy and sour. The average brush length is 9–10 cm, each with 22–25 berries. Average yield is 4–6 kg per adult plant.
- Mountain. A medium-ripening variety, bred in the Far East, it is considered one of the most promising there. The harvest ripens in the last decade of August. Differs in high winter hardiness and good immunity. Average brush length - 8-9 cm, weight - 12-13 g. It consists of 15-17 dark-scarlet bitter berries with a noticeable sourness. The pulp is firm, but juicy. The yield is low, 1.5–2 kg per plant.
- Volgar. The variety is resistant to winter cold and summer drought, rarely suffers from diseases and pests. On the same plant, as a rule, both male and female flowers bloom, but sometimes there is a season when only male flowers are formed. The harvest ripens in the first decade of September. The mass of the brush is 6–7.5 g, it consists of 13–15 berries. The fruits are very sour, with a pronounced resinous aroma.
- Firstborn. One of the latest achievements of Russian breeders, bred in Moscow. The variety is valued for its frost resistance and disease resistance. The berries are small, elongated, purple-scarlet, the flesh is bright red. Brush length - about 12 cm, weight - 10–12 g. The bush is medium-sized, monoecious plant. A significant drawback is low frost resistance, weak immunity. The length of the vine is no more than 5 m.
- Myth. A hybrid, the origin of which could not be established for certain. The brushes are not too long, up to 7 cm, but the berries are not particularly sour, they can even be eaten fresh. Each seed contains 15-18 of them.
- Oltis. The homeland of the variety is the Far East. It is valued for its good yield (3-4 kg per plant) and resistance to diseases typical of the crop. The berries are dark scarlet, small. The average length of the hand is 9–11 cm, weight is 25–27 g, each with 25–30 fruits. The taste is bitter and sour.
- Purple. One of the oldest varieties, bred in 1985 in the Far East. The ripening period of the crop is the last decade of August. The first fruits are removed within 3-4 years after planting the seedling in the ground. Productivity - 3-4 kg per adult plant. The variety is distinguished by exceptional winter hardiness, but often suffers from diseases. The berries are small, the brushes are compact. The skin is scarlet, the taste is noticeably sour.
Photo gallery: varieties of schisandra chinensis
Planting and transplanting procedure
Schisandra chinensis is planted in garden plots not only for the sake of fruiting, but also for decoration. Liana is widely used in landscape design. Gazebos twined with leaves, railings, arches, green walls look especially impressive.
Schisandra chinensis is not only useful, but also a very ornamental plant.
Planting time depends on the growing region. In areas with a warm climate (Ukraine, southern Russia), it can be planned for September and even for the first half of October. There is enough time before frost, the plant will have time to adapt to new habitat conditions. In regions with a temperate climate (Ural, Siberia), the only option is spring. In central Russia, Chinese lemongrass is planted at the end of April or in the first decade of May (the soil by this time should warm up to at least 10 ° C, but you need to be in time before the growth buds wake up). During the summer, the plant will form a developed root system and have time to properly prepare for winter.
Experienced gardeners recommend planting at least three lemongrass seedlings (ideally, different varieties) at the same time, leaving an interval of about 1 m between them, and between rows - 2–2.5 m. If the vine is placed next to the wall, it is necessary to retreat from it about the same so that no drops of water fall from the roof onto the plant (this is harmful to the roots). It is imperative to provide a place for placing the trellis. Otherwise, the plant will simply refuse to bear fruit. The simplest option is 2–3-meter pillars arranged in a row with wire stretched over them in several rows at different heights. As the vine grows, its shoots are tied to it, forming a structure similar to a fan. When grown in warm climates, the shoots of Schisandra chinensis are not removed from the trellis even for the winter.
Seedlings are chosen based on the state of the root system. It must be developed. Be sure to have at least three roots about 20 cm long. The average height of a 2-3-year-old plant is 12-15 cm.
Schisandra chinensis saplings are low, this is normal for culture
Chinese lemongrass prefers fertile soil, but loose and light, good air and water permeability. A heavy substrate, in which moisture stagnates for a long time - silty, clayey, peaty, is categorically not suitable.
The plant will endure both partial shade and shade, but the maximum possible yields are harvested when grown in an open, sunny place. It is desirable that it be protected from gusts of cold wind by some natural or artificial barrier located at some distance from the creeper.
In areas with a temperate climate, lemongrass is most often located on the west side of buildings and structures, in the subtropics - on the east. In the first case, such an arrangement provides the liana with enough sun, in the second, it protects from the intense daytime heat.
Chinese lemongrass, planted in an open, sunny place, brings the maximum possible yield.
The culture also really does not like too moist soil at the roots. If the groundwater approaches the surface closer than 1.5–2 m, you need to look for another place for lemongrass.
The landing pit is always prepared in advance. If the procedure is planned in the fall - a few weeks before it, and for spring planting - in the previous season. Average depth - 40-50 cm, diameter - 65-70 cm. At the bottom, a drainage layer 8-10 cm thick is required. You can use crushed stone, expanded clay, clay shards, ceramic chips. Fertile turf extracted from the pit is mixed with humus or compost (20-30 l), sifted wood ash (0.5 l), simple superphosphate (120-150 g) and potassium sulfate (70-90 g) and poured back, forming on the bottom of the hillock. The pit is then covered with something waterproof to prevent the rains from eroding the soil, and left until planting.
Read more about planting in our article: Planting Chinese lemongrass with seeds and in other ways.
At the bottom of the planting pit prepared for Schisandra chinensis, a drainage layer is required
- The roots of the seedling are examined, all rotten and dried up are cut off, the rest are shortened to a length of 20–25 cm. Then they are soaked for a day in water heated to a temperature of 27–30 ° C. To disinfect and prevent the development of fungal diseases, you can add several crystals of potassium permanganate to it, to activate the development of the root system and minimize the stress associated with transplantation - any biostimulant (potassium humate, Epin, Zircon, succinic acid, aloe juice).
- The roots are thickly coated with gruel of powdered clay and fresh cow dung, then dried in the sun for 2-3 hours. The correct mass is similar in consistency to a thick cream.
- The plant is placed on an earthen mound at the bottom of the planting pit. The roots are straightened so that they look down, not up or to the sides. Then they begin to fill the hole with small portions of soil, periodically compacting the substrate with your palms. In the process, you need to constantly monitor the position of the root collar - it should be 2-3 cm above the ground.
- The soil in the near-trunk circle is watered abundantly, consuming about 20 liters of water. When it is absorbed, this area is mulched with peat chips or humus. The seedling will take root pretty quickly, but for the first 2-3 weeks it is advisable to protect it from direct sunlight by building a canopy from any white covering material.
- Shoots are shortened, leaving 3-4 growth buds. All leaves, if any, are cut off.
The place for lemongrass is chosen deliberately, the plant does not tolerate transplanting too well
It is advisable to choose a place for Chinese lemongrass immediately and forever. Young seedlings tolerate the procedure quite easily, quickly adapt to new living conditions, but this cannot be said about adult plants.
Video: how to plant lemongrass correctly
Plant care and the nuances of growing in different regions
Caring for Chinese lemongrass is not particularly difficult, all the necessary procedures will not take a lot of time from the gardener.
Schisandra is a moisture-loving plant. In nature, it most often grows along river banks. Therefore, it is watered often and abundantly. The norm for an adult liana is 60-70 liters of water every 2-3 days. Of course, if there is cool, damp weather outside, the intervals between procedures are increased - the plant does not like water stagnant at the roots. Sprinkler irrigation is the preferred method.
In extreme heat, it is also advisable to spray the leaves daily in the evenings. This procedure is very useful for young plants planted in the garden this year.
If technically possible, Chinese lemongrass is watered by sprinkling, imitating natural precipitation
The next day after watering, the soil in the trunk circle should be loosened to a depth of 2-3 cm, and if necessary, weeded. Mulch will help save time on weeding. It also retains moisture in the soil.
If the planting hole has been prepared correctly, the nutrients in the soil will be enough for Schisandra chinensis for the next two years. They begin to feed the plant from the third season in the open field.
From fertilizers, the culture prefers natural organic matter. Chinese lemongrass grows rather quickly, so during the summer every 15–20 days it is watered with infusion of cow dung, bird droppings, nettle or dandelion leaves. In principle, any weed can be used. Raw materials are infused for 3-4 days, before use they are diluted with water in a ratio of 1:10 (litter - 1:15).You can also use complex fertilizers containing nitrogen, potassium and phosphorus - Nitrofosku, Azofosku, Diammofosku. Once every 2-3 years at the beginning of the active growing season, 25-30 liters of humus or rotted compost are distributed in the near-trunk circle.
Nettle infusion - a natural source of nitrogen, potassium and phosphorus
After harvesting, the plant needs potassium and phosphorus. 40-50 g of simple superphosphate and potassium sulfate are diluted in 10 liters of water or distributed around the trunk circle in a dry form during loosening. Natural alternative - about 0.5–0.7 liters of wood ash.
Support for creepers
Lemongrass is grown on a trellis, since without this it is impossible to get a harvest. The average height of the supports is 2–2.5 m, the distance between them is about 3 m. It is advisable to restrict the liana in growth, this simplifies its care. A wire is stretched horizontally between the posts in several rows - the first at a distance of 50 cm from the ground, then every 70–80 cm.
Schisandra chinensis on a trellis looks very neat and bears fruit abundantly
Shelter for the winter
Schisandra chinensis is successfully grown not only in regions with a warm subtropical climate (Ukraine, southern Russia). Frost resistance up to -35 ° C allows cultivating it in the North-West region, in the Urals, in Siberia. In central Russia, the plant does not need shelter for the winter, the vine is not even removed from the trellis. But where severe and prolonged frosts are not uncommon, it is better to insure yourself. At the same time, it is worth remembering that the main danger to culture is not winter cold, but return spring frosts. Therefore, there is no need to rush to remove the shelter.
The shoots are carefully detached from the support, laid out on the ground covered with a layer of mulch about 10 cm thick, covered with straw, spruce or pine spruce branches, fallen leaves and tightened with burlap, any other covering material that allows air to pass through. Beforehand, it is necessary to carry out moisture-charging irrigation, spending about 80 liters of water on an adult plant.
The first crop is harvested 4–6 years after Schisandra chinensis is planted in the ground. The fruits are removed with whole brushes. It's easy to check if they are ripe. You need to stretch the shoot and tap it lightly. Ripe berries will crumble. They have a very short shelf life. Fresh fruits need to be processed within the next 2-3 days so that they do not become moldy and do not start to rot. Most often they are dried, sometimes frozen, ground with sugar.
The first time lemongrass is pruned at planting, then - for the third season in the open field. As a rule, by this time the plant has time to form a developed root system and switches to shoots. 5-7 of the strongest and most developed stems are left on the liana, the rest are removed to the point of growth. In the future, pruning is carried out regularly, in spring and autumn. It is impossible to neglect the procedure - much less flowers are formed in dense thickets, it is almost impossible to pollinate them, accordingly, the yield also decreases.
Trimming is carried out only with a sharply sharpened and disinfected instrument
The procedure is carried out at the very beginning of March: they get rid of all frozen, dried or broken branches under the weight of snow. If you do not have time before the start of active sap flow, you can destroy the plant.
In the fall, after the foliage has fallen off, intertwining shoots are cut off, poorly located, weak, deformed, affected by diseases and pests, and bald. Also cut off the part of the vine that has been bearing fruit for the last 3 years. This is necessary for the proper development of new shoots and plant rejuvenation.
The purpose of pruning Schisandra chinensis is to form a shrub evenly illuminated by the sun.
If the vine forms too many new shoots, pruning is carried out in the summer. Each of them is shortened, leaving 10–12 growth buds. Also, do not forget about the fight against root shoots. Only the strongest layers are not cut out in order to then replace the old branches with them.
After the plant reaches the age of 15-18 years, radical rejuvenating pruning is carried out. Only 4–5 healthy, strong, fruiting shoots are left, the rest are cut to the point of growth.
Amateur gardeners most often propagate Chinese lemongrass by vegetative methods. You can also try to grow a vine from seeds, but in this case, the preservation of the varietal characteristics of the parent is not guaranteed. In addition, this process is quite time consuming.
For vegetative propagation, root shoots, cuttings and layering are used.
- As a rule, lemongrass is abundant in root growth. This breeding method is provided by nature itself. You just need to carefully dig out the soil, separate the offspring from the adult plant and immediately plant it in the chosen place. In regions with a warm climate, the procedure is carried out both in early spring and after fruiting. Where it does not differ in softness, the only suitable time is the beginning of March.
Root propagation is the easiest way to get new Chinese lemongrass
- Root cuttings can also be used. The root is cut into pieces 7-10 cm long. Each should have 2-3 points of growth. The planting material is kept for 2-3 days wrapped in a napkin moistened with a solution of any biostimulator, then planted in open ground or a greenhouse horizontally, maintaining a distance of about 10-12 cm between the cuttings. They are not buried in the soil, sprinkled with a layer of humus or rotted compost 2-3 cm thick. Care of cuttings is basically regular watering. Those of them that give shoots are transferred to a permanent place next spring.
- For propagation by layering, only non-lignified green shoots at the age of 2-3 years are used. The procedure is carried out in the fall. The branch is bent to the ground, fixed at a distance of 20-30 cm from the top, covered with humus or fertile soil, and watered abundantly. A new layer should appear in the spring. By the fall, it will get stronger enough, it can be separated from the mother plant and transplanted to a permanent place. You can bend to the ground and cover the entire shoot with soil. Then he will give not one, but 5-7 new seedlings. But they will be far from being as powerful and developed.
Reproduction by layering is a method used not only for schisandra chinensis, but also for most berry bushes
Seeds of Chinese magnolia vine remain viable for a very short time, literally 2-3 months. Therefore, it is best to sow them immediately after harvest. Seedlings are not grown at home, planting material is embedded in a garden bed before winter. They are deepened by a maximum of 1.5 cm; they must be sprinkled with snow on top, as soon as it falls out enough.
Before planting, Schizandra seeds must be thoroughly cleaned of pulp and dried to avoid the development of rot.
Experienced gardeners advise mixing lemongrass seeds with dill. The latter rises earlier. This trick allows you not to lose the planting site, and in the future, the plants form a kind of natural canopy, providing the seedlings with the partial shade they need.
You can save the seeds until spring, but stratification is required - imitation of the cold season. During the winter, seeds are stored in a refrigerator in a small container filled with a mixture of peat chips and sand, constantly kept in a slightly moist state and previously sterilized.
There is another interesting way to prepare for landing. Until the middle of winter, the seeds are not extracted from the fruit. Then they are thoroughly cleaned of pulp, put in a linen bag or wrapped in gauze and placed under cool running water for 3-4 days (a toilet cistern will do). Then the seeds in the bag are buried in a container with moistened sand and kept at room temperature for a month. After that, they are buried in the snow by about the same amount.
After stratification, the seed skin begins to crack. In this form, they are planted in individual peat pots filled with a mixture of humus and coarse sand. The first shoots should appear in 12-15 days, but if the seeds were not constantly in a humid environment, the process can take 2-2.5 months. The seedlings do not differ in growth rate, stretching only 5–7 cm per year.
Stratification has a positive effect on seed germination
Further care consists in providing protection from direct sunlight, maintaining the soil in a moderately moist state and periodically watering with a pale pink solution of potassium permanganate to prevent fungal diseases.
Schizandra sprouts can be waited long enough, they do not differ in growth rate
In the first decade of June, the seedlings are transferred to the garden bed, leaving at least 10 cm between them. During the summer, they are protected from the hot sun, and a shelter from frost is built for the winter. After 2-3 years, the matured plants can be transplanted to a permanent place.
Typical diseases, pests and control
Schisandra chinensis by nature has good immunity. Due to the high content of tannins in the fabrics, almost all pests bypass it. Birds don't like fruits either. Breeders have learned to protect plants from mold and rot. All modern varieties are extremely rarely affected by these diseases. However, the list of fungi dangerous for culture is not limited to them. Schisandra chinensis can suffer from the following diseases:
- fusarium. Most often, young plants are infected with the fungus. They stop developing, the shoots darken and become thinner, the leaves turn yellow and fall off. The roots turn black, become slimy to the touch. For prophylaxis, the seeds are kept in a Trichodermin solution for 15–20 minutes before planting, and the soil in the garden is spilled with it. The diseased plant must be immediately removed from the garden and burned, eliminating the source of the infection. The soil in this place is disinfected by pouring a bright pink solution of potassium permanganate;
- powdery mildew. Leaves, buds and stems are covered with spots of a whitish bloom, similar to scattered flour. Gradually it thickens and turns brown. The affected parts of the plant dry out and die off. For prophylaxis, the liana and the soil in the garden bed are powdered with crushed chalk, sifted wood ash, and colloidal sulfur every 10-15 days. To combat the disease at an early stage, use a solution of soda ash (10-15 g per 10 liters of water), in severe cases - fungicides (HOM, Topaz, Skor, Kuprozan);
- leaf spot (ascochitis, ramulariasis). Irregular brownish-beige spots with a black-brown border appear on the leaves. Gradually, the fabrics in these places are covered with small black dots from the inside, dry out, and holes are formed. For prophylaxis, seeds are soaked for 2-3 hours in a bright pink solution of potassium permanganate, Alirin-B. Having found alarming symptoms, even minimally affected leaves are cut and burned, the plant is sprayed 2-3 times with an interval of 7-12 days with a 1% solution of Bordeaux liquid or copper sulfate. Also used fungicides of biological origin.
Photo gallery: symptoms of schisandra chinensis diseases
It is only necessary to use any chemicals to fight diseases as a last resort, because they have the property of accumulating in the tissues of the plant. The best prevention is competent care, and this is what needs to be focused on. The contaminated parts are burned as quickly as possible, rather than being stored somewhere in the far corner of the site.
Chinese lemongrass is a plant that not only decorates the garden, but is also very useful. There is nothing difficult in regularly getting a harvest of berries rich in vitamins, microelements and organic acids. The plant does not make any unusual requirements for agricultural technology, it successfully adapts and bears fruit in a variety of climatic and weather conditions.
27 years old, higher education in law, broad outlook and interest in a variety of topics.
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Brief description of berry culture
A curly, tree-like liana with round red fruits of the bitter - sour taste of lemon is a simple description of a plant that came to us from China and the Far East. The Chinese call it "the berry of five tastes" for its rich taste sensations. Subtropical, relict liana belongs to the class of "flowers" and the family "Schizondria".
Schisandra chinensis berries
In terms of the structure of the inflorescence, the liana is similar to the magnolia. The homeland of the plant is China, Japan, the Amur region, Primorsky Krai, the islands of the Sakhalin archipelago and the Korean Peninsula. 23 species of tree lianas have been studied, but one species grows in the wild on the territory of the country - “Schisandra chinensis”.
Lemongrass root system - rhizome, covered with many dormant buds, from which separate trunks develop as they grow. The depth of the roots is up to 200 mm, therefore, when leaving, constant loosening of the soil is excluded directly near the trunks of the plant.
Schisandra tree trunk thickness - up to 30 mm, and its maximum height reaches 16-17 m. Liana is fixed on the branches of shrubs or trees and creeps up. When grown in garden plots, requires the installation of trellises and poles.
The trunk is covered with longitudinal lenticels. The color of the vine changes with the growth and development of the plant. In young ones, it is glossy with a yellowish tinge of scaly bark. Adult vines are dark brown in color.
The plant is covered with "alternate" elliptical leaves. The tops of the foliage are slightly sharpened, and the base is wedge-shaped. Leaves grow in several pieces from each petiole, colored brown with a pink tint.
The length of the foliage, depending on the age of the plant, can vary from 50 mm to 100 mm. Width - 30-40 mm.
Dissolved lemongrass flowers are located on one liana trunk. The petals are pinkish-white to white in color. They grow from a thin and long stalk.
Blooming liana fills the garden with a pleasant aroma. When growing Schisandra chinensis in Siberia or the Urals, the plant blooms for a short time - in late spring or early summer. After flowering, beautiful bright red fruits grow on the liana.
The fruits are spherical and colored red. The brush, like that of red currants or grapes, is collected in a bunch on one peduncle. The fruiting period in different regions starts at different times, but mainly, it is the end of the summer period and the beginning of September.
Each plant, under normal climatic conditions and good care, gives up to 3 kg of juicy berries.
You can get a new planting material for lemongrass in several ways:
- vegetative reproduction
All these methods will require the cultivation of a 3-year-old seedling, followed by transplantation to the place of its permanent growth. We will dwell on this issue in more detail in a separate chapter.
Planting lemongrass in open ground
What time to plant
In regions with a mild climate, lemongrass is planted in open soil in October; in mid-latitudes, this procedure is recommended to be carried out in spring, or rather, in the last days of April or the first days of May. An area suitable for planting should be sunny and protected from cold winds. Experienced gardeners recommend planting at least three lemongrass bushes at once, while keeping a distance of 100 cm between them.When planting a plant near a building, at least 150 cm must be retreated from it, in this case the water flowing from the roof will not fall on the root system of lemongrass.
First you need to prepare a hole for planting.Its diameter can vary from 0.5 to 0.7 m, while the depth should be equal to 0.4 m. At the bottom of the pit, it is necessary to make a drainage layer of broken brick or rubble, while its thickness should be about 10 centimeters. After that, the pit should be covered with soil mixture, which includes turf soil, leaf compost and humus (1: 1: 1), 200 grams of superphosphate and 0.5 kg of wood ash should also be poured into it. It will be possible to plant seedlings after half a month, during which time the soil in the pits will have time to compact and settle.
For planting, it is recommended to use two or three year old seedlings. At this time, they reach a height of only 10-15 centimeters. Their root system is very well developed, so adaptation to a new place takes very little time. It should be noted that after the plant is planted, its root collar should be flush with the surface of the site. The soil in the near-trunk circle must be properly compacted. The planted plant needs abundant watering. Along the edge of the trunk circle, it is necessary to make a roller of ten-centimeter-high soil, thanks to it, when watering, the water will not spread. After the liquid is absorbed into the soil, the surface of the trunk circle will need to be covered with a layer of mulch (humus).
Useful properties and contraindications
The leaves, fruits and seeds of Schisandra contain a huge amount of useful substances: organic acids, vitamins, fatty oil, many trace elements and biologically active components that are necessary for the human body in the complex treatment of diseases of the heart and blood vessels, liver and pancreas, nervous system and organs digestion. Schizandra berries and seeds are used to make decoctions and tinctures, which are necessary for healing from anemia and tuberculosis, diseases of the genitourinary system and hypertension. The substances contained in lemongrass are used by Chinese medicine to normalize blood sugar levels and to strengthen heart muscles. In our country, lemongrass is popular in folk recipes (as a preventive measure against flu and colds), as well as in the production of cosmetics (for the preparation of creams and masks).
When choosing lemongrass as a therapeutic or cosmetic product, you need to consult a specialist, since the plant has some contraindications.