The govea plant, also called hovea, is a palm tree that is very popular among flower growers. When grown indoors, it is unpretentious, thanks to which it is suitable for growing both experienced florists and beginners. All that is needed for normal growth and development of a palm tree is warmth and enough light.
Features of govea
They began to cultivate govea back in the Victorian era, while growing it in estates, decorating spacious halls, as well as in palaces. An interesting fact is that in nature such a plant is found only on Lord Howe Island, which belongs to Australia. This genus is considered part of the Palm family, and it unites only 2 species. Under natural conditions, the height of such a plant can reach 12-15 m. When grown in indoor conditions, the height of such a palm tree most often does not exceed three meters, but it also happens that in a spacious hall the plant grows up to five meters in height, but this is quite rare phenomenon.
This palm is single-stemmed; on its upper part, a large number of stems are formed, on which there are large pinnately dissected leaf plates. Hoveya, cultivated in indoor conditions, while young, forms a large number of basal shoots. However, as she grows up, a single powerful trunk is formed. It has a very slow growth, during the year only 2 or 3 new leaf plates grow in it. If such plants are properly looked after and provided with suitable conditions for growth, then it can live for several decades.
Indoor palm / How to care for the Hovea palm?
Home care hovei
Growing fasting at home is quite simple. She is one of the most unpretentious palms. Minor care errors will not be able to cause tangible harm to her. However, if you want a palm tree to grow very beautiful and lush, then you must definitely take good care of it, and also provide optimal conditions for growth.
When choosing a place for govea, it should be borne in mind that it can grow well both in shade and in direct sunlight. However, young bushes should be protected from the scorching rays of the sun. An adult palm tree can grow well in bright light, however, the direct rays of the sun should not affect the plant for a long time.
Goveya grows best in a place that is well lit, but the light must be diffused. The palm tree grows well on the northeastern, southeastern or northern windowsill. If desired, the plant can be placed in the back of the room, however, it is not recommended to place it in the shade, the fact is that, due to poor lighting, it will begin to wither. In the summertime, the palm tree can be taken out into the fresh air, but you should choose a place for it that will be well protected from the scorching rays of the sun.
In summer, the palm tree grows best when it is warm (23 to 27 degrees). The palm tree can grow well in a warmer room, but in this case it should be systematically moistened with a sprayer and often ventilated. In the winter months, the plant has a dormant period, while at this time it should be at a temperature of 15 to 18 degrees.
The culture is not afraid of short frosts, as well as small frosts (up to minus 5 degrees), but only if the root system is well insulated. Otherwise, if the bush stays in the cold for 3 to 5 days, this will lead to its death. Abrupt changes in temperatures during the night and daytime to the plant also cannot do much harm. However, this should not be abused, it is better if the plant experiences as little stress as possible.
Govea grown in room conditions does not have any special requirements for air humidity. Experts recommend moisturizing the crown of the palm tree on hot days in summer. In the winter months, it is recommended to place it as far away from heating appliances as possible. If the level of humidity is very low (less than 30%), then an open container filled with water should be placed near the hovei. If the plant remains in a room with very dry air for a long time, then it may begin to dry. If, for a long time, excessively high humidity (more than 70%) is observed in the room, this can lead to the appearance of rot on the stem.
The palm tree needs regular abundant watering. Make sure that the top layer of soil mixture in the container is slightly damp all the time. However, do not allow the liquid to stagnate in the root system, as this can lead to rot on the root system and stem.
In the summer, watering should be more frequent (4 to 6 times every 7 days). In winter, the bush is watered only after the top layer of the substrate in the pot has dried, but in no case do not allow the earthen coma to dry out. For irrigation, it is best to use water at room temperature, which should be well settled before that (it can be passed through a filter). Rain or melt water is perfect for this.
Govea is fed only in the spring-summer period, for this they use a complex mineral fertilizer for indoor deciduous plants or for palms. Top dressing should be done once or twice a month. If desired, you can feed the plant through foliage, while doing this through watering. Experienced florists recommend alternating these methods. For foliar feeding, use a low concentration fertilizer solution. Before using the product for the first time, be sure to carefully study the instructions on the package.
While the palm is young, it needs to be replanted every year. As the root system grows, it is necessary to increase the size of the container. After she turns 5 years old, she can be transplanted once every 2-4 years. However, it should be borne in mind that the soil mixture is gradually depleted and over time it must be replaced with fresh nutrient. You need to replant the palm in the spring, but if absolutely necessary, this can be done in the fall.
For replanting, it is best to use a commercially available potting soil mixture. If you want, you can do it yourself, for this you need to combine leaf and sod soil, humus, river sand and peat in a ratio of 2: 2: 1: 1: 1. To enrich the substrate, it is recommended to add a small amount of wood ash and bark to it. Do not forget to first make a drainage layer at the bottom of the pot before planting, for this use rubble, ceramic shards, brick chips or expanded clay.
Hovea transplant and palm care at home
Growing from seeds
Govea can be propagated by seed and dividing the bush. However, it is almost impossible to get seeds from hovea, because it does not bloom in indoor conditions. However, if desired, seed material can be purchased at the store, but it must be borne in mind that their germination rate will not exceed 50 percent. If you still manage to get seedlings, then they will become beautiful palm trees only after 2 or 3 years.
Dividing the bush
In the process of transplanting, if necessary, cut off the young shoot from the trunk and plant it in a soil mixture consisting of sand and peat. However, be prepared for the cutting not to take root. If he does give roots, then it will be possible to plant him in a permanent pot with nutritious soil only after 2-3 months.
The easiest option is to purchase a new palm tree from the nursery.
Diseases and pests
Mites, thrips and scale insects can settle on hovei, and in rare cases mealybugs. If liquid stagnates in the soil mixture, then gray or black rot can affect the plant. You can get rid of both diseases and pests with the help of special preparations sold in specialized stores.
In order to prevent the appearance of pests, it is necessary to systematically examine the bush, special attention should be paid to the seamy surface of the leaf plates. Also regularly carefully inspect the surface of the substrate, if a gray or white bloom has formed on it, this may be due to the fact that mealybugs have settled in the soil mixture or a fungus has appeared.
- If brown or yellow spots appear on the foliage, then this may be due to an excessively low level of air humidity, or it may be sunburn.
- Twisting the tips of the sheet plates may be due to very low air temperatures or exposure to a draft.
- Drooping, drooping leaves say that stagnation of fluid is observed in the root system.
- Plaque of white it is formed on foliage if pests have settled on the bush.
- Withering and flying around the lower leaf plates most often due to the fact that the palm tree lacks nutrients.
- Very slow growth and faded foliage is a sign of very poor lighting.
Types of hovea
Hovea differs from other representatives of the Palm family not only in that in nature it can be found only on one island, but also in that it has very few varieties. In many regions with warm and mild climates, this palm is grown outdoors and successfully propagated artificially. However, in regions with colder climates, it is cultivated exclusively in indoor conditions.
You can decorate your home with any of two types of govea:
A palm tree growing in nature can have a height of 10 to 12 m (sometimes even higher). The dark green, beautifully curved leaf blades can reach 2 to 2.5 m in length. On the surface of the trunk expanding downward, each of the dead leaf blades leaves an annular mark. The lush crown has an emerald hue. When grown indoors, this palm tree differs from the wild one only in height, so it can grow up to 2–2.5 m.
This species differs from the previous one in that it is taller. Under natural conditions, such a plant can reach a height of 13 to 15 m. In the upper part of the straight trunk, long petioles are formed, on which large leaf plates of a pinnately dissected shape grow, and they are painted bright green. In adult palms, the length of the leaf plates can reach four meters. When grown indoors, the height of the bush can reach 3–3.5 m.
Home-grown hovea does not bloom. And only a palm tree, grown in the open field or in a greenhouse, blooms.
Palm Hovea (Kentia). Unpretentious Palms FOR APARTMENTS.
Hoveya or Kentia palm tree Home care Growing from seeds Propagation by shoots
Palma hovea home care Photo in the interior
Howea or Kentia is a beautiful palm tree perfect for indoor cultivation. It is quite unpretentious and hardy, fits perfectly into the interior, dracaena, yucca, ficus and other decorative leafy plants - a corner of the tropics in the house - are suitable partners. Hovea will become a spectacular independent decoration of a room, balcony, loggia, offices, halls.
In nature, hovea is a giant, reaching a height of 15 m, single-barreled. Originally from the Pacific Islands. When grown in indoor conditions, it is limited to a height of 1.5-2 m. Young hovea grows in a lush bush, the growth rate is slow - the palm is rarely transplanted, and it keeps this kind in culture all the time. The leaves are feathery, dark green in color, slightly curved.
Tips for caring for a palm tree at home
- Lighting and location selection. Feels great, both in good lighting (but without direct sunlight) and in shade. Therefore, you can put it on windows with an east or west orientation. If this is not possible, then in the room of the southern location the pot with the hoveia is installed in the back of the room, but on the windows of the northern location it will be necessary to provide supplementary lighting with phytolamps. It is also necessary to highlight the palm tree in the autumn-winter period.
Kentia content temperature. Most of all, the palm tree loves moderate room temperatures. During the spring-summer period, the thermometer indicators should be within no higher than 25 degrees, if hot days come, then frequent spraying of the plant will be required so as not to provoke pest damage. It is better when the temperature floats within 14-18 degrees throughout the year. In winter, for Belmore's hovei, heat indices should not fall below 16 degrees, and for Forster's hovei - no lower than 10 degrees. With the arrival of constant heat, you can take a pot with a plant to fresh air in a garden or terrace, balcony. However, it is necessary to choose a place with protection from ultraviolet streams at noon and drafts. If the palm tree is constantly kept indoors, then it must be regularly ventilated, protecting the plant from cold streams.
Air humidity is very important for Kentia. If the palm tree is kept in rooms where the temperature does not rise above 25 degrees, then there is no need to increase the moisture in the air, you can only periodically shower to remove dust from the leaves or wipe the leaf lobes with a damp cloth or sponge. In this procedure, the leaf is supported by the hand from below so as not to damage it. When the heat indicators grow, you will often have to spray the hoveya, put vessels filled with water next to it, or use air humidifiers. It is also recommended, if the pot is not large, install it in deep trays, at the bottom of which a layer of expanded clay or pebbles is poured (you can put chopped sphagnum moss) and pour a little water, but its surface should not reach the bottom of the flowerpot, so that this does not provoke root rot systems. The water for spraying is taken soft, otherwise all the leaves will be covered with a whitish coating of lime.
Fertilization. To make your feathery beauty feel good, you need to carry out regular feeding and preferably organic. You can use special commercial solutions "Palma" or conventional mineral complexes in the concentration specified by the manufacturer. In the summer, this procedure is carried out twice a month, and the rest of the time once every 30 days. Mullein diluted in water is introduced as organic matter. You should not fertilize the palm tree in the year of transplantation, this is done already next spring.
Watering hovea. It is necessary to water the soil regularly and abundantly, it should always be in a moist state, but moisture stagnation should not be allowed. In the summertime, the signal will be the drying of the upper layer of the soil, but with the arrival of winter, the moisture content is significantly reduced, especially if Kentia is kept at low heat and light indicators. The palm tree does not tolerate watering with hard and cold water, it is better to use rain, thawed snow or distilled water at room temperature.
The substrate does not play a big role for the hovea, it only requires that it be loamy. You can use hydroponic material for planting. But some growers make up a soil mixture of the following components:
- light clay-sod soil, humus-leaf soil, apical peat, rotted manure, river sand (in a ratio of 2: 2: 1: 1: 1), sometimes a little crushed charcoal is mixed into the substrate
Brachea - home care
It is desirable to provide this palm with maximum light. But even in partial shade, it will grow no less successfully. The best place to place it will be sides with windows to the east or west direction. The south side is also suitable, but care must be taken that the sun's rays do not burn the brachea leaves. If the light shines on only one side of the palm, it will grow unevenly, developing a crown on only one side. Therefore, you should periodically rotate the brachea around the axis. When the plant begins to grow a new leaf, the palm must be turned so that it is directed deeper into the room, the side opposite to the light source.
Brachea in the summer will feel best in the fresh air - balcony, veranda, garden, front garden. But if she spends the warm season indoors, then the optimal temperature for her is + 20-25 degrees. In winter, a cooler temperature within + 10-15 degrees is desirable. A lower temperature for the brachea is not desirable.
Watering and humidity
Water the palm tree regularly, but in a reasonable manner. Overdrying the earth, as well as overmoistening it, is dangerous for the room brachea. In the warm season, and when the palm is kept in winter in warm conditions, watering should be abundant and carried out only after the top layer of the earth in the pot has dried. The water for irrigating the brachea must be warm, not lower than the ambient temperature. It should also be soft and well-defended. The ideal option is rain and snow water.
No less, if not more important for the brachea, is the humidity of the air. It is desirable that in the place where the palm tree is located, it was 60%. Regular spraying or other humidification techniques can help maintain moisture.
The brachea is fed throughout the growing season, which lasts from early spring to mid-autumn, every 15 days. Fertilizers for palm trees or ornamental foliage plants are suitable for fertilizing.
This palm tree grows relatively slowly and is considered a young plant up to 5-6 years old. During this time, the brachea is transplanted every year. Upon reaching adulthood, the break between plantings can be three years.
The brachea is transplanted in early spring. It makes no sense to carry out a full transplant, it is enough to transfer it into a larger pot. A pot that is too large should not be taken; it should not exceed the previous one by more than 3 centimeters in height and diameter.
You can buy ready-made soil for transplanting - for palm trees. You can cook it yourself. The main condition imposed on the earth for the brachea is looseness, nutritional value, lightness, neutral acid balance. You can suggest such a composition of land for a palm tree.
- Leafy ground - two parts
- Sod land - two parts
- Peat - part
- Coarse sand is part.
When transplanting, pay attention to creating high-quality drainage.
Propagation of brachea by seeds
This process is not complicated, but rather lengthy. Seedlings after sowing seeds will have to wait for a very long time, several months. Actually, as with the cultivation of other palms, date palm for example.
First of all, you should pay attention to the freshness of the brachea seeds. They remain viable for 4, maximum 5 months. But this is already the limit. Sowing seeds is desirable in late winter and early spring. Before sowing, it is advisable to keep the seeds in any of the stimulants and fungicide solution.
The first - will accelerate the germination of seeds, the second - will protect against various diseases. For sowing brachea seeds, a planting mixture of humus, peat and small sawdust... Palm seeds are embedded in the ground to a depth of 3 centimeters, moistened, covered with any transparent material and placed in a warm, lighted place. The best temperature for germination of brachea seeds is + 28-32 degrees. The entire period, while the seeds germinate, they must be periodically ventilated and moistened. When shoots appear, the cover is removed, and the container with seeds is moved to a cooler place. There she will be until the seedlings grow by 10-12 centimeters. Then they can be planted in separate pots.
Diseases and pests
The brachea palm is very resistant to various diseases. But pests attack her. Of these, the most harmful are spider mites, mealybugs and scale insects. When attacking pests, the most important thing is to identify it. Further a matter of technology.
Read on. Pests of indoor, garden and horticultural crops.
Reproduction of Hovea
At home, Hovea can be grown in two ways - by seeds and by dividing the bush.
Since Hovea does not bloom at home, it is impossible to get seeds from it, they can only be purchased in a specialized store. However, we must remember that the process of growing seedlings will be long and laborious. The fact is that seeds germinate for a very long time - from 4 months to 1 year. At the same time, the air temperature all this time should be within the range of + 22 ° С ... + 24 ° С. And even under favorable conditions, only 50% of the seed germinates.
Dividing the bush
During the transplantation of Hovei, young side shoots are separated from the bush and immediately planted in a container filled with peat and sand. In order for the cutting to take root, it needs to create greenhouse conditions. However, this cannot be a guarantee that the cuttings will take root, since Hovea is very capricious in this regard. If you are lucky and the cut off shoot will give roots, then after 2-3 months it will need to be planted in an individual container with nutritious soil.