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50 plants with erect growth -

50 plants with erect growth -


Melittis Melissophyllum

Mellitis, a natural air, amazing flowers! If the melittis melissophyllum is a plant whose flowers do not attract attention ...


Watering should be moderate. Let the substrate dry thoroughly between two additions of water.
Repotting is done in the spring, when the foot has no more room in the pot. Be sure to install a good drainage bed at the bottom of the pot.
It is a plant prone to rot due to excess water or poor drainage.

Note: Like other species of the genus, Daigremont's Kalanchoe is used in the pharmaceutical and cosmetological industry for the manufacture of moisturizers.

© jmk

© anneli salo

Other Kalanchoe species present on the site:


Did you know ?

The genus has about 6 species of perennial plants.
The oblique Galane owes its Latin name, Chelone, to the Greek "Kelone" which means turtle. This refers to the flowers that are shaped like a turtle's head.
In the past, Galan oblique was prescribed as an ointment to treat respiratory infections. Native Americans used its leaves against jaundice, inflammation and more.
It is a perennial plant of low longevity. It is ideal in beds, borders and on the banks of water features.


Trees with upright habit

Home> Culture> Miscellaneous - 31-01-2009 at 10:00 - D.W. - Telekila

To make a small garden appear larger, we plant an upright tree. In column, pyramid or funnel.

It's hard to plant a tree in a small garden without giving the impression of crushing everything. One or more subjects with an erect, narrow or columnar habit is the solution. The idea is to create a contrast with the shrubs with spreading habit and the neighboring buildings lined up. We obviously plant according to the available space.

There are three types of silhouette among upright trees: funnel, pyramidal and column.

- To give an impression of height on a small site, a tree with a funnel port is ideal. Hamamelis intermedia 'Orange Peel' is the most upright of the Hamamelis. It flowers from December to January and climbs up to 2.50m. Its inflorescences are particularly large and of an intense orange color.

Cornus Kous a 'Weisse Fontäne' (5-6 mH x 2-3 mL) has a very narrow funnel port. On the ground, this small tree hardly takes up any space. Its main structure is very stiff its secondary structure is very small and light. It offers a lovely cascade of flowers during its long flowering period. Then a quantity of beautiful large red berries in the shape of a cherry.

- To bring height to a composition and at the same time increase the perspective, choose a tree with a pyramidal habit: Ginkgo biloba 'Fastigiata' (15-20 mH x 3-4 mL) will do, its foliage is similar to the type species. Ilex aquifolium 'Pyramidalis' is conical and narrow up to 6 m high. Self-fertile, it produces an abundance of bright red berries. Sambucus nigra 'Fastigiata' is similar to the classic black elderberry with its beautiful large white flowers, beautiful bark and black berries. Good for all terrains and 5 m high, it does not exceed one meter in width. Its port will widen very slightly as it ages.

- If the intention is to structure the space, a tree with a “columnar” shape will be perfect.

You can opt for a Juniperus communis 'Arnold'.

This very upright and very "columnar" conifer climbs to 2m50. Or a 'Sky rocket' with fine bluish foliage.

Koelreuteria paniculata 'Fastigiata' spins at 8 m. This small "columnar" tree has cut foliage which takes on a yellow color tinged with orange in fall. After an abundant yellow flowering in panicles in July / August, very decorative beige pods appear which turn slightly pink as they age. Like little lanterns, they stay on the tree until the end of December.

The Malus are "columnar" apple trees, very floriferous which give sweet and juicy fruits. We can mention the Malus 'Red Obelisk' (5-6 mH) which gives magnificent unique flowers.

Ulmus minor 'Dampieri Aurea' or Ulmus glabra 'Wredei' (6 mH x 1.5-2 mL) is an elm with a very fastigated and cylindrical habit. Very decorative with its dense and twisted foliage. Golden yellow in spring, it turns tender green during the season and then yellow again in autumn. It requires a sunny or slightly shaded location and adapts to most soils.


Selection of small trees

Small stems

This category is a bit special since it concerns shrubs grafted onto stems, thus constituting trees of small development, less than 3m high. Small in scope, these trees will find their place in ornamental beds, for example in an entrance or on the edge of a terrace.

"> See the trees available on our online store>

  • Euonymus fortunei 'Emerald Gold': Evergreen - height 1.50m - Width 0.80m - All exposures - Neutral and draining soil - Compact shrub with yellow variegated foliage (exists in white variegation) that can be pruned into a ball.
  • Hibiscus on stem: Deciduous - height 1.50 / 3m - Width 1 / 1.50m - Sun exposure - Neutral and draining soil - Shrub flowering from July to September. There are a large number of varieties defining a wide choice of flowering color.
  • Pinus mugo 'Mops': Evergreen - height 1 / 1.50m - Width 0.80m - Sun exposure to partial shade - Draining soil - Dwarf conifer, with a compact ball shape.
  • Salix integra 'Hakura Nishiki': Deciduous - height 2.00 m - Width 1.20m - Sun exposure to partial shade - Neutral, fresh and draining soil - Shrimp willow, young shoots variegated with white and pink for the most beautiful effect in spring and autumn. Cut back short in spring to encourage the emergence of colored shoots.

  • Japanese azalea: Persistent - height 1.50m - Width 0.80m - Exposure in partial shade - Acidic and draining soil - Persistent heather earth shrub, flowering in April May.
  • Cotoneaster damneri 'Green Carpet': Evergreen - height 1.50m - Width 0.80m - All exposures - Neutral and draining soil - Shrub with a drooping port covering with small white flowers in spring and red berries in autumn.
  • Lagerstroemia -origin France- : Deciduous - height 1.50 / 3m - Width 1.2 / 2m - Sun exposure - Neutral and draining soil - Erect shrub with decorative bark. Beautiful fall foliage. Flowering from July to September in pink, red or purple clusters.
  • Photinia x fraseri 'Red Robin: Persistent - height 1.50 / 3m - Width 1.2 / 2m - Sun exposure to partial shade - Neutral, cool and draining soil - Vigorous growth shrub, with red young shoots, then turning green. Flowering in an umbel in April-May.
  • and many more! The choice is wide (Holly on stem, Laurel, Eleagnus, Ifs, Lauriers tins.).

Large shrubs

Classified in the range of shrubs for their development of less than 6m, they are however to be considered as important pieces not to be put anywhere. Often starting from the base, some of these species can be offered to you on a stem (ask our advisers for more information).

"> See the large shrubs available for sale at Pépinières Huchet>

  • Cercidiphyllum japonicum: deciduous - height 6 / 8m - Width 4 / 5m - Sun exposure to partial shade, to shelter from cold winds - Fresh acidic soil and draining - Caramel tree. Small tree with an erect habit. Beautiful fall foliage, releasing in this season a sweet smell of caramel.
  • Crataegus laevigata 'Paul Scarlet' (and other hawthorns): deciduous - height 4 / 6m - Width 4 / 5m - Sun exposure to partial shade - Fresh and draining soil - Deciduous tree with a rounded shape, wind resistant, and covering double dark pink flowers in May. Can be sold as a stem or as a cépée.
  • Laburnum anagyroides 'Vossi' (Cytise): deciduous - height 6 / 8m - Width 4 / 6m - Sun exposure - Draining soil - Deciduous tree with a rounded port covering itself with magnificent bright yellow clusters in May and supporting windy sites. Can be sold as a clump or as a stem.

  • Malus (Ornamental apple trees): Deciduous - height 3 / 5m - Width 3 / 4m - Sun exposure to partial shade - All draining soils - Small decorative tree perfectly suited to a small garden. White, pink or red spring flowering depending on the variety. Purple or green foliage also depending on the variety. Formation of small apples in autumn, orange, yellow or red (depending on the variety) decorative until frost. Let us quote the varieties: Evereste (persistent orange fruit), Profusion (fruit and red flower), Golden Hornet (persistent yellow fruit), Nicoline (red fruit).
  • Salix x sepulcralis 'Erythroflexuosa': deciduous - height 4 / 6m - Width 3 / 4m - Sun exposure - Draining soil - Deciduous tree with erect habit, rapid growth, characterized by twisted branches and foliage.
  • Corylus avellana 'Contorta' or tortuous hazel: deciduous, characterized by a particularly strange silhouette.

  • Arbustus unedo: Persistent - height 4 / 6m - Width 4 / 5m - Sun exposure - Draining soil - Small persistent tree of slow growth. Flowering in pinkish white bells in autumn, coinciding with an edible red fruiting reminiscent of strawberries. Very decorative bark with age.
  • Amelanchier canadensis: Deciduous - height 3 / 5m - Width 2 / 3m - All exposures - All soils - Deciduous shrub of erect habit. White bloom in spring. Beautiful fall colors.
  • Acer davidii: Deciduous - height 6 / 8m - Width 6 / 8m - Sun exposure to partial shade - Neutral to acidic, cool and draining soil - Maple with snakeskin. Small tree with green bark ribbed with white. Orange-yellow foliage in autumn.
  • Acer ginnala: Deciduous - height 6 / 8m - Width 5 / 6m - Sun exposure to partial shade - All soils - Small tree with a bushy port taking beautiful colors in autumn.
  • Cotoneaster watereri 'Cornubia' : Persistent - height 3 / 4m - Width 3 / 4m - Sun exposure to partial shade - Neutral, cool and draining soil - Persistent shrub. Elongated mat green foliage. White bloom in spring followed by red berries in autumn.
  • Magnolia stellata 'Wada's Memory' (Star magnolia): Deciduous - height 6 / 8m - Width 6m - Part shade exposure - Acid and draining soil - Tree with a conical shape, abundant flowering in a fragrant white star in April and May.

Small trees

These developing trees less than 6 / 8m high are considered to be small trees. Do not be afraid of these dimensions, because they are dimensions in adulthood (15 years or more).

"> See the small trees in the Pépinières Huchet store>

  • Acer palmatum seedling : deciduous - height 4 / 6m - Width 4 / 5m - Part shade to shade exposure - Fresh and draining acid soil - Deciduous tree with a spreading habit. Cut foliage taking on beautiful autumn color.
  • Cercis siliquastrum : deciduous - height 6 / 7m - Width 5 / 6m - Sun exposure - Neutral and draining soil - Judea tree. Slow growing, rounded tree. Pink blooms in April May, before the leaves appear. Can be offered to you as a stem or as a cépée. There is also a variety with purple foliage: Cercis siliquastrum 'Forest Pansy'
  • Gleditsia triacanthos 'Sunburst' : deciduous - height 8 / 10m - Width 6 / 8m - Sun exposure to partial shade - Draining soil. Very interesting variety for its weak development and golden foliage.

  • Koelreuteria paniculata : deciduous - height 6 / 8m - Width 3 / 4m - Sun exposure - Fresh and draining soil - Soap. Rounded harbor tree. Yellow flowering in panicle in summer. Yellow foliage in fall.
  • Morus alba 'Pendula' : deciduous - height 4 / 6m - Width 3 / 4m - Sun exposure sheltered from the winds - Draining soil - Weeping mulberry tree. Deciduous tree with a weeping habit. Large dark green foliage.
  • Ornamental prunus (serrulata) : deciduous - height 6 / 8m - Width 4 / 5m - Sun exposure to partial shade - Fresh and draining soil - Small tree particularly suited to small gardens. There are various varieties with purple or green foliage, pink or white flowering, single or double and erect, flared or rounded, they can be sold as a clump or as a stem.

  • Pyrus salicifolia 'Pendula' : deciduous - height 3 / 5m - Width 4m - Sun exposure to partial shade - Neutral and draining soil - Weeping ornamental pear tree. Weeping tree, silvery gray foliage. Tree resistant to drought and suitable for seaside.
  • Robinia pseudoacacia 'Umbraculifera' : deciduous - height 4 / 6m - Width 4 / 5m - Sun exposure to partial shade - Draining soil - Deciduous tree with rounded and compact port, without thorns.
  • Sophora japonica pendula : deciduous - height 6 / 7m - Width 3 / 4m - All exposures - All soils - Deciduous tree with a slow growing weeping habit. Particularly ornamental tormented frame in winter.

  • Alnus glutinosa 'Imperialis' : deciduous - height 6 / 8m - Width 4 / 6m - Sun exposure to partial shade - Fresh soil - Deciduous tree rising up in a wide column. Very decorative decorative foliage. Species suitable for cool to humid areas.
  • Betula pendula 'Youngii' : deciduous - height 6 / 8m - Width 4m - Sun exposure to partial shade - Fresh and draining soil - Weeping birch. Deciduous tree with a weeping habit. Yellow foliage in fall.
  • Catalpa bignonioides 'Nana' : obsolete - height 6 / 8m - Width 3 / 4m - Sun exposure to partial shade - All soils - Catalpa ball. Deciduous tree with rounded and compact habit.
  • Crataegus lavallei 'Carrierei' : deciduous - height 6 / 7m - Width 5/6 - Sun exposure to partial shade - Fresh and draining soil - Semi-evergreen tree that can be installed by the sea. Foliage tinting red in autumn. Orange-red berry appearing in the fall and remaining throughout the winter.
  • Elaeagnus angustifolia : deciduous - height 6 / 8m - Width 3 / 4m - Sun exposure - Draining soil - Deciduous tree with a diffuse, thorny port, with silvery gray foliage and fragrant flowering in May and June. Essences resistant to spray and pollution.
  • Ilex castanaeifolia : persistent - height 4 / 6m - Width 4 / 5m - Sun exposure to partial shade - Fresh acidic soil and draining - Evergreen tree with an erect habit. Large foliage reminiscent of chestnut. Can be sold as a shrub or as a stem.
  • Morus bombycis : deciduous - height 6 / 8m - Width 6 / 8m - Sun exposure sheltered from the winds - Draining soil - Mulberry plane tree. Deciduous tree with a spreading habit naturally creating a parasol. Large dark green foliage.
  • Robinia pseudoacacia 'Boyntonii' : deciduous - height 4 / 6m - Width 3 / 4m - Sun exposure - Draining soil - Deciduous tree with a rounded port covering itself with magnificent pink clusters. Plant sheltered from the winds because the wood is very brittle.
  • Tamarix ramosissima 'Pink Cascade' : deciduous - height 4 / 5m - Width 4 / 5m - Sun exposure to protect from cold winds - Draining soil - Tree with a rounded shape, which can be installed by the sea. Fine foliage, dark pink flowering in plumes in summer. Can be sold as a clump or as a stem.

Medium-sized trees

  • Acer buergerianum : deciduous - height 8 / 10m - Width 6 / 8m - Sun exposure to partial shade - Fresh and draining soil - Deciduous tree with rounded port. Trilobed foliage turning yellow, red orange in fall.
  • Albizzia julibrissim 'Ombrella : deciduous - height 10 / 12m - Width 6 / 8m - Sun exposure sheltered from the winds - Draining soil - Silk tree. Deciduous tree with a spreading habit, light foliage, covering itself with dark pink flowers in summer.
  • Catalpa bignonioides 'Aurea' : deciduous - height 8 / 10m - Width 5 / 8m - Sun exposure to partial shade - Fresh and draining soil - Deciduous tree with a more flared port than the standard variety, fast growing, large yellow foliage in spring then turning green, flowering in white panicle in July.
  • Tilia 'Henryana' : deciduous - height 10 / 12m - Width 6 / 8m - Sun exposure to partial shade - Fresh and draining soil - Deciduous tree with rounded port. Variety of small development with original heart-shaped foliage and finely toothed at the edges.

  • Acer griseum : deciduous - height 8 / 10m - Width 6 / 8m - Sun exposure to partial shade - All soils - Deciduous tree with rounded port, slow growth, characterized by an orange-brown bark exfoliating in large bands leaving a new one cinnamon-colored bark. Fall foliage turning scarlet red.
  • Acer negundo 'Flamingo' : deciduous - height 8 / 10m - Width 5 / 6m - Sun exposure to partial shade - Fresh and draining soil - Deciduous tree with rounded port, rapid growth with foliage composed of 3 to 5 leaflets. Young shoots marginally pink and white. Can be sold as a clump or as a stem.
  • Tilia cordata 'Greenspire' : deciduous - height 8 / 10m - Width 4 / 5m - Sun exposure to partial shade - Fresh and draining soil - Deciduous tree with rounded port. Variety of small development.

See the large trees in our online store>

Planting advice

The success of a plantation is the result of a good start and the care taken, especially in the first years. A few years of experience have enabled us to identify the main causes of planting mortality:

  • 50%: poor quality of the basement
  • 15%: poor soil quality
  • 20%: lack of care given to the plants when they are received
  • 15%: poor monitoring of the plantation

So let's discover together the different steps to put in place to better understand your tree plantations.

Soil drainage

A draining soil is a guarantee of success for your plantations. It is better for your basement to be shale rather than clay.

To test the good drainage of the soil and the subsoil you can perform the following experiment

  • Make a hole 30 cm in diameter. The depth must be proportional to the plant you are going to put in place, so if it is a shrub a hole of 30 cm will suffice, for a tree allow 60 cm.
  • Fill the water hole with a hose
  • In 1 hour the water must have completely disappeared, if this is not the case come and consult us in order to know the techniques that can be put in place to drain your soil.

Tillage

The earth must be worked to a depth suitable for the future destination, i.e. a planting hole with a depth of 40 to 60 cm for a tree and 60 cm to 1 m wide.

Make a contribution of organic and calcium amendment of the LITHOVEG type. The addition of soil may be necessary in order to improve the structure of your soil (the addition of a mixture of heather soil and lime can be financially more interesting).

LITHOVEG: biological amendment and recovery consisting of cocoa hull, guano, horse manure. and lithothamme (seaweed). Lithoveg stimulates the microbial life of the soil, contributes to the increase in the rate of humus, strengthens the clay-humic complex, and brings fertilizers and trace elements to your plantations.

The plantation

Soak potted plants well and praline those with bare roots, which are all the more important when planting during the growing season. A plant should never be buried above the crown. The roots must be at ground level, the plant will decide for itself the optimum depth for its growth.

Observation for planting root ball

The net surrounding the root ball of the plants should be left if it is made of textile (degradable). If not, it must be removed by proceeding as follows: cut the bottom of the net once the plant is installed in the hole, then finish cutting and removing it safely. Some baskets are self-tearing and can therefore remain in the ground. The pressure of the roots will be enough to break the stitches. For the others, it is necessary to cut the stitches on both sides. For wire clods, only loosen the wire mesh at the root collar of the plant once the plant is in place in its planting hole. The mesh will deteriorate on its own over time.

Observation for planting bare root plants

Be sure to protect the roots of these plants from drafts and drying out before planting. Before planting, for some plants, "dress" the aerial and root part. This consists of reducing the number of branches and pruning those that remain to limit evapotranspiration. When buying bare root plants it is also necessary to "freshen up" the roots (cut off the ends and remove the broken roots).

Observation for planting container plants

For plants in containers whose roots are very tight and have turned inside the pot, it will be necessary to give 3 or 4 strokes from top to bottom to 1 to 2 cm deep. Never break the root ball or loosen the roots too strongly as we sometimes hear it.

Watering

It is advisable to water the day of planting and to compact properly so that the soil in place properly adheres to the roots or the root ball of your young plantings. Note that the deep growth of the roots, ensuring a supply of water and nutrients while promoting the anchoring of your tree, is favored by copious but spaced waterings. Find watering advice on the advice page - After planting -


Port (botanical)

The Harbor, in botany, designates the general appearance of a plant, resulting from its mode of growth and branching.

You can share your knowledge by improving it (How? 'Or' What ?) according to the recommendations of the corresponding projects.

Botanists mainly distinguish the slender port, in more or less wide columns (Italian poplar), the conical port (conifers, wood linden), the rounded or spreading port (beech, Magnolia × soulangeana, chamaecyparis), the weeping port, with drooping branches (weeping willow, weeping cedar).

In viticulture, the term habit generally has a more restricted meaning and designates the shape of the twigs when they are not supported by a trellis (upright or erect habit when the twigs are vertical, drooping or spreading habit when they are horizontal) .


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