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Growing seedlings

Growing seedlings


In the section "Growing seedlings" you will find publications on the cultivation and planting of seedlings of fruit, berry and ornamental plants, as well as the secrets of how to choose the right seedlings at exhibitions and fairs, how to prepare them for planting in the garden.

Aronia (chokeberry) has many valuable properties. It is distinguished by winter hardiness, early maturity, annual fruiting, high productivity, non-shedding of fruits and their keeping quality, resistance to pests and diseases, ease of harvesting.

Many gardeners in the Northwest would like to grow walnuts. Some even try to do it, but usually they do not succeed. Meanwhile, there is a way out. Those who really want to breed nuts should plant a nut, but not a walnut, but a Manchu one ...

The planting hole is best prepared in the fall, and in the spring, start planting. We chose the following pit dimensions: width 70x70 cm, and depth 80 cm. If the soil in the pit is sandy or peaty, then a "pillow" of clay 10 cm thick is made at the bottom.

Not all types of rhododendrons do well on our sites. But there are unpretentious ones among them, and one of them is the Canadian rhododendron. It is native to the wetlands of North America, and can grow in waterlogged areas, which are not uncommon in our country.

From the moment of vertical prikop-planting, the tree begins to get used to the soil in relative dryness and safety from rotting and frost - it tolerates both slush and frost. And with the first rays of the sun, it begins to come to life simultaneously with the old-timers of the garden. Here it is important to clear off the excess land as early as possible, but in the end, as shown above, the seedlings must remain on a gentle hill.

Instruction for buyers of seedlings with an open root system. After unpacking the parcel or bringing the seedlings to the garden, put them for one night in a container with cold, preferably melt or rain water, in a dark, unheated room. Prepare a seat. It can be done in autumn and spring, even if the ground has thawed in a layer only two fingers thick.

Raspberries belong to real gourmets, and they will definitely not give good harvests on poor soil. Therefore, the preparation of the soil before planting raspberries must be treated with all attention. There are several options here. According to official agronomic data, trenches are prepared (about 30-35 cm wide and 25-30 cm deep) or planting pits (50x50 cm), which are filled with organic fertilizers. On 1 m of such a trench, a couple of buckets of semi-rotted manure are introduced.

Special horticultural literature devoted to the mass planting of fruit trees and berry bushes is not intended for owners of garden plots planting single trees and bushes. Taking this into account, all the recommendations available in such literature on the choice of seedlings, the timing of their planting and the preparation of the planting site need significant adjustment if they are used in small garden plots.

If the year turns out to be little snow, it will not hurt to transfer the snow under fruit trees and berry plants, since without it, a significant part of the root system in fruit and berry crops can be seriously damaged. This event is especially important for beds with strawberry bushes, which suffer greatly from frost with a lack of snow.

These acclimatized seedlings are grown by the nurseries of research and fruit growing farms located in the Leningrad Region. They are sold at two and three years of age with an already laid fibrous root system and the basis of a future crown. If you bought such a seedling, the main thing is to take it whole to your garden and plant it correctly.

At the beginning of autumn, many summer residents improve or update their gardens by planting varieties of fruit trees or berry bushes they like. How not to be mistaken when choosing seedlings?

Of particular interest is the method of propagation of cherries and plums by green cuttings, which in recent years has been widely used both in production and in amateur gardening. It is one of the most promising and accelerated methods of reproduction of stone fruit crops.

The spring months of March and April are the most fertile times for the propagation of citrus plants: you can grow your own plant from the seed, and then graft it to it, or get it vegetatively (by cutting or layering). Usually a lemon is grown in the first way, to which a cultured lemon, orange, tangerine, kinkan are grafted at will. But getting tangerine plants from seed is usually not practiced.

The spruce genus has about 45 species, and they all grow in our northern hemisphere. Half of these species grow in China. Of all this variety, two species are most often found on our plots - this is common spruce and prickly spruce - the people call its bluish form "blue spruce". This is justified by both decorativeness and climatic resistance.


Seeds on OLX.kz

Every year, the happy owners of vegetable gardens and small beds are worried about the purchase of high-quality planting and sowing material. Buying seeds, picking up means and fertilizers for plant care, setting up the correct watering are just part of the worries of a real gardener. Buying seeds for planting is perhaps one of the most important stages of growing crops for those who want to harvest a good harvest at the end of the gardening season. To always have healthy vegetables and herbs collected from your own garden on the table, we recommend buying seedlings, tubers and seeds of varietal plants on the OLX.kz website - there are new ads from private sellers from all over Kazakhstan every day. You can always negotiate a bargain price and make a purchase in your city or outside of it.


Saplings

It all starts with a seedling. Both a huge century-old oak tree and a rich apple tree were once thin twigs. To establish a garden, or expand it, or renew plantings, you need healthy and high-quality seedlings. This topic is so important that we have set aside a separate section for it on the site.

Here you can discuss any issues related to the selection, acquisition and planting of seedlings of ornamental and fruit crops, berry bushes and conifers. There are a lot of these questions! There are some subtleties in pruning, and in grafting, a lot depends on the climate and soil, on natural conditions.

How to choose the right variety for your garden? How to determine the quality of seedlings? What age should the seedlings of certain crops be? How to choose them, how to transport them, how to plant them correctly? How to care for young plants so that the seedlings take root easily and do not get sick. I can't list everything, I guess!

If you are an experienced gardener, if you have a rich practice, tell others what important nuances should be considered when purchasing seedlings and caring for them. If you have any questions related to the choice of seedlings or planting them, ask! Probably, no one can know everything - but there will always be someone who knows the answer to your question, and someone who needs your knowledge and your experience. Post stories of your garden pets that grew from small seedlings, talk about successes and difficulties, join the discussion!

Read also about planting, growing and caring for bushes and trees. And also about their diseases, pests and protection from various misfortunes.


Growing seedlings - garden and vegetable garden

NURSERY. GROWING. SEEDS. A SELECTION OF USEFUL BOOKS

Sidorenko S.A. Smart seedlings. What, where and how to plant. Secrets of the light hand

You have a comprehensive guide in your own garden setting. All practical advice given in the book is based on the author's twenty years of personal experience. After reading this book, you will receive answers to questions:

How to grow plants in your garden that you can't buy?
How to choose and where to get source material?
How much can you save by having your own mini-nursery?
Why should perennial seeds be sown in autumn or winter?
How to make the perfect soil mixture from scrap materials?
How to root anything you want?
How to buy plants "out of season" - without haste and at a discount?

Ladygina G.G., Lisyansky B.G. Seeds and seedlings from your site

In the proposed book, in a form accessible to beginner amateur gardeners, it is told how to grow seeds of vegetable, green, spicy-aromatic crops, both long-known and still uncommon, on your garden plot, as well as how to get planting material for potatoes and seedlings of fruit and berry crops. Designed for gardeners and amateur vegetable growers, owners of farms and individual peasant farms.

Luneva Z.S. Growing seedlings of ornamental trees and shrubs

The book covers the issues of agricultural techniques for reproduction and cultivation of seedlings of the main species, garden forms and varieties of ornamental trees and shrubs in nurseries in the middle zone of the European part of Russia. The production structure of ornamental plant nurseries and the calendar of their work are given. Describes the formation of seedlings and methods of grafting them. The book is intended for nursery workers, as well as specialists involved in calculating the area of ​​urban nurseries and drawing up their organizational and economic plans.

Schroeder R.I. Russian vegetable garden, nursery and orchard

Russian vegetable garden, nursery and orchard: A guide to the most advantageous arrangement and maintenance of a vegetable garden and garden economy. - M .: Newspaper magazine association "Sunday", 1992. - 880 p. Reprint edition 1929

Richard Ivanovich Schroeder is an outstanding pre-revolutionary scientist and practitioner, the chief gardener of the Petrovskaya (now Timiryazevskaya) Agricultural Academy. The book "Russian vegetable garden, nursery and orchard", which became the work of his whole life, was awarded a gold medal - the prize of the Russian Society of Gardening. For the best essay in Russian on gardening and gardening. The work of R.I. Schroeder combines thoroughness with an accessible presentation, contains traditional and little-known methods of increasing yields and protecting various species and varieties of plants, proven by long-term practice. The recommendations are calculated in relation to the climatic conditions of Russia and neighboring countries. The book is addressed to both experienced and novice gardeners and gardeners.

Vladislav Fatyanov. How to grow seedlings

The book is devoted to the problems of obtaining high-quality planting material for fruit and berry crops in a personal plot. Practical recommendations on traditional agricultural techniques for plant care, pest and disease control, and high yields are given.
For a wide range of readers.

Krivko N.P., Chulkov V.V., Agafonov E.V., Ognev V.V. Horticultural nursery

The textbook is compiled in accordance with the working program of the discipline "Nursery of horticultural crops" in the direction of training "Gardening". The textbook highlights the features of the reproduction of horticultural crops, substantiates the unconditional advantage of vegetative reproduction over seed, considers the structures and technologies of nurseries for growing healthy planting material of tree fruit crops, berry plants, grapes, ornamental seedlings, seedlings of vegetable and flower crops. For the first time in the list of textbooks for agricultural universities, a manual is published that describes the technology of growing planting material for all the main horticultural crops in Russia. The publication is addressed to students - bachelors and masters, studying in the direction of training "Gardening". It will be useful for students of all agronomic specialties, as well as nursery practitioners and a wide range of gardening enthusiasts.

Daniel Brochard - All about trees and shrubs. How to plant, grow and perfect your garden

Thanks to the book you are holding in your hands, you can achieve several goals: it will help you navigate in the right choice of ornamental trees and shrubs for your garden, teach you how to plant and prune plants so that your plantings always look neat, and tell you how to properly care for them. Using these tips, you will achieve excellent results. Plants in your garden will harmoniously combine, have a spectacular and healthy look, and you yourself can enjoy their unique beauty for as long as you like.

Stepanov S.N. - Fruit nursery (1981)

It is told about the organization of a specialized nursery-growing economy, the biological characteristics of own-rooted and grafted fruit plants, uterine plantings. The characteristics of the rootstocks of the main fruit crops are given. The main attention is paid to the cultivation of seedlings of pome fruits, stone fruits and berry crops.

Ishin D.P. Arboretums (1954)

The wide development of the network of state and collective farm nurseries, the improvement and development of the technique of growing planting material, the versatility and diversity of production and economic activities of the nursery are based on the theoretical provisions of a number of scientific disciplines: botany, physiology, soil science, seed science, meteorology, forestry, dendrology and economics.
The course "Tree nurseries" contains, in addition to the main parts - the sowing department and schools, information about fruit and berry departments, plantations and mother gardens. A significant part of the course is devoted to the organizational and economic structure of the nursery, since at present the existing tree nurseries are being reorganized and their organizational and economic plans are being revised.

Growing seedlings. Sukhotskiy M.I.

We grow seedlings. Special issue of the newspaper "Season of Fortune"


The best photos of "Rastok.bel"


Vegetable grape seedlings on the windowsill

It will be about the winter cultivation of grape seedlings, which later, of course, will go to grow in open ground. I am not a supporter of winter propagation of grapes in pots and have expressed my opinion on this in previous publications.

Nevertheless, I know from myself that the hands of a novice grower itch very much, especially if there is a supply of cuttings, you certainly want to practice rooting and give yourself some fun until spring.

Sometimes, you have to engage in rooting in the winter forcibly, for example, when the cuttings are weak and may simply not survive until spring.
In this article I will try to formulate basic recommendations in order to prevent the most gross mistakes, which, as a rule, lead to the death of cuttings.

Soil mixture for germinating grape cuttings

The first thing worth paying attention to is the soil. Generally known requirements - it must be easily drained and breathable. This is where the main mistake is most often made. For grapes, acidic mixtures are undesirable, which are used for many indoor flowers, therefore, it is better to discard all kinds of peat soils right away. Shop soils based on coconut fiber are also not the best option, they are too poor. Various mixtures with sawdust, firstly, are extremely poor in nitrogen, and secondly, they sour over time. Experience has proven that the simplest soil mixture of black soil and sand is an ideal option for indoor growing grape seedlings.This soil has one drawback - the pots with seedlings turn out to be heavy, but this pays off with significant advantages - the pH of such a soil is stable, nutritious, and we get it for free. The optimal ratio of sand and earth in the soil mixture is 50/50. Chernozem can be taken directly from the garden or from the nearest field, even better if there is an opportunity to collect it in a hardwood forest. The forest land that has been lying under the leaf bed for years is very rich and well structured - this is the best option. Be sure to make sure that there are no animals in the ground! Even harmless earthworms, locked in a closed volume, are able to eat the roots of grapes. You can take any sand, it is permissible to use screening. To improve the water-holding capacity of the soil, you can add a little perlite (1 / 10-1 / 20 part) to it. Vermiculite should not be used as it retains moisture too well, in small containers this can cause the seedling to lock.

Tanks (pots, containers) for growing grape seedlings

Any container with a volume of about a liter will do. These can be cut one and a half or two liter PET bottles, juice bags made of laminated cardboard, liter plastic buckets, special containers for seedlings of a suitable volume, etc. If the seedlings are planned to be kept indoors for a short time, the use of half-liter plastic cups is acceptable. At the bottom we will make 4-8 holes to drain excess water. They can be made with an awl or burned with a screwdriver heated over a fire. Too many holes are not needed, it is better to make them larger in diameter so that they do not float with earth. We put a small drainage layer on the bottom of the glass, one or two centimeters is enough. For this, it is convenient to use expanded clay, since it is light, ordinary small pebbles are also suitable. And the most important requirement for a container for growing grapes, which few people pay attention to - it is highly desirable that it be opaque! The fact is that in sunlight and high humidity, many microorganisms, mosses, fungi, etc. thrive in the soil mixture, which are completely undesirable for the roots of our seedlings. It is no coincidence that all flower pots, including seedling containers, are made from opaque materials. If you are using transparent containers, you can wrap the soil in aluminum foil to avoid blooming.

Watering grape seedlings grown in indoor conditions

Many have ruined their seedlings by over-watering. The soul of a novice winegrower cannot withstand the contemplation of the dried top layer of soil in a pot, the hand itself reaches for a bottle of water. Overflow when growing plants in compact containers is very harmful. The roots of the grapes and the cutting itself quickly rot in dampness. The evaporation area is very small, the top layer dries quickly, but at a depth the ground remains wet for a long time, aeration is difficult. Water in small doses of about 100 ml of water in each container every few days. Much depends on where the containers with seedlings are, if it is a southern window sill, and even more so well heated from below by a hot battery, then you need to water it about once every three days, if the place is cooler - less often. If you are using transparent containers, unfold the foil, and if small droplets of condensation are visible on the walls, watering is not needed. Even if the top is dry as in the Sahara Desert. Another convenient way to control moisture is to insert a wooden stick to the full depth along the container wall into the soil mixture, and estimate the moisture content by its condition. If the stick taken out of the ground is wet, then there is enough moisture for the grapes.

Top dressing (fertilization) of grape seedlings growing in pots

If you use the soil mixture recommended above, then feeding your seedlings will definitely not be needed. If the soil is very poor, as is sometimes the case with ready-made store mixes, then you can add 0.1% (1 g per 1 liter of water!) Of complex soluble fertilizer to the irrigation water once a week. Crystalline water-soluble fertilizers or liquid fertilizers, including those with humates in the composition, are suitable. There are a lot of suitable options in stores, choose to your taste, the main thing is that the composition contains a complex of basic macronutrients - nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium, and preferably microelements. It is often not necessary to fertilize, keep in mind that a young grape seedling consumes scanty amounts of mineral elements from the soil, but it is quite possible to salt the soil in a small closed volume. Therefore, I still strongly recommend making your own normal soil mixture and abandoning fertilizers.
If you observe symptoms of some kind of elementosis on your seedlings, then first of all you need to think about the acidity, moisture and aeration of the soil. In 99.9% of cases, the symptoms of starvation on grapes growing in a pot indicate soil acidification, salinity or damage to the root system, but not an actual lack of mineral elements.

Method of planting grape cuttings in a plastic container

Grape seedlings with pots die in most cases precisely because of the decay of the heel of the cutting and the root system. This can happen for many reasons described above. I will share one effective way to protect the cutting from rotting, which I once read on a little-known site, however, the method is very good. It is not a guarantee against all troubles and protection from crooked hands, but it can save you from some oversights.

Be sure to remember the rule for cutting cuttings, this is fundamentally important, we will prepare the correct soil and plant the cutting as follows:

The essence of the method is planting a grape cuttings on a sandy pillow. In the sand, the likelihood of decay is minimal. In practice, this is done in the following way - we put the drainage on the bottom, fill in a moistened nutrient mixture of such moisture that the mixture keeps its shape, then with a tube of a suitable diameter (20-30mm) we "cut out" a mine, a cavity in the ground. Pour some sand on the bottom, set the handle and gently fill the sides with sand to the top.

A bit dreary, but it gives more guarantees to a beginner to grow a normal grape seedling in a pot.

Planting area and lighting

Lack of light is one of the biggest problems in indoor growing. It is necessary to place containers in the sunniest places, most likely it will be the sills of the southern windows. If this is not possible, definitely arrange supplementary lighting with phytolamps, otherwise your grapes will not see normal growth. From a lack of light, the shoots quickly stretch out while remaining thin, there is little sense from such an increase, it will not work to use it to form a future bush or inoculation. It is better to supplement it with special modern LED phyto-lamps. We will not go into the details of their work here, all this is on the Internet, and the lamps themselves are in gardening stores. I can only say that buying cheap phytotapes in China is a waste of money, as well as supplementary lighting with ordinary fluorescent lamps. Normal effective phyto-lamps are not cheap. A mediocre illumination of one one and a half-meter window sill will cost no less than five thousand rubles. Therefore, you should still try to find a naturally lit place.

I want to draw your attention to another danger that occurs when placing containers with grapes on window sills, and at first glance is not noticeable - these are heating radiators. If the window is not covered with curtains, there is no problem, but when you draw the curtains for the night, the hot air emanating from the battery concentrates and rushes up between the curtain and the window sill. This stream easily burns the edges of leaves and crowns of young shoots. If the window is covered with curtains, you need to take care of how to draw the hot air away from the seedlings.

I have given the main points that most beginner indoor rooting enthusiasts "stuff the cones" about. I hope these recommendations will help you overcome the main difficulties. And yet, I would not advise to engage in winter cultivation of grape seedlings unless absolutely necessary, it is better to wait for spring and use any of the traditional methods of propagation of grapes by cuttings.


Watch the video: How to Transplant Seedlings into the Garden, 4 Mistakes you MUST Avoid