Aquarium pistia: content in the aquarium, species, reproduction, photo
Pistia (lat.Pistia) - a monotypic genus of the Aroid family, represented by a herbaceous floating perennial Pistia layered, or Pistia telorezovidny, or water lettuce.
In nature, this plant, which has many synonyms, grows in tropical flowing water bodies of the western and eastern hemispheres, and is cultivated to a greater extent in Kalimantan.
Planting and caring for the pistia
- Bloom: blooms very rarely in the aquarium.
- Lighting: requires 12-hour daylight hours and 1-2 hours of sunshine per day.
- Water temperature: 24-30 ºC.
- Top dressing: a layer of fertile soil is laid on the bottom, and in the spring and summer, microelements are introduced into the water once a week.
- Reproduction: daughter processes.
- Diseases: the plant is resistant.
- Pests: aphid.
Read more about the cultivation of pistia below.
The roots of the Pistia are pinnate, numerous, floating, capable of reaching a length of 30 cm. The plant's stem is shortened. The rosette-forming gray-green leaves are obtuse wedge-shaped, tapering towards the base. The front edge of the leaves is rounded, the lateral veins on the upper side are depressed, and on the lower side they protrude with ribs, which makes the leaves appear corrugated. The sheet plates are covered with pile, which protects them from getting wet. Under favorable conditions, the rosette of the pistia can reach a diameter of 25-40 cm at a height of 10-15 cm, however, usually when grown in an aquarium, the rosettes grow only up to 5-7 cm in diameter. During the day, the leaves of the rosette open, and at night they fold.
In the photo: Growing pistia at home
Pistia inflorescences - small cobs slightly more than 1 cm long - are wrapped in a greenish hairy blanket up to 2 cm long.
Pistia is a self-pollinated plant, but nevertheless it bears fruit abundantly and actively reproduces by seed.
In nature, water pistia is a malicious weed that can cover the surface of a small reservoir in a short time and doom it to death: the plant changes gas exchange, as a result of which the reservoir quickly becomes swampy. In culture, the pistia is used as an aquarium plant, and in China also as feed for pigs and fertilizer.
Keeping the pistia in the aquarium
The floating pistia is one of the most beautiful aquarium plants. Due to its decorative qualities, it has gained wide popularity among aquarists, who use it to decorate both inland waters and outdoor aquas. In the lush roots of water lettuce, molyneses hide and even spawn.
The pistia aquarium plant is undemanding to the conditions of detention. It feels great at 24-30 ˚C. If the water gets colder Pistia will simply slow down its growth, as in the case if the water hardness is higher than 11 units. Daylight hours for pistia should last at least 12 hours, and sunlight is very useful for the plant. In artificial lighting, it is advisable to adhere to the norm of 3 W per dm² of surface. Do not use incandescent lamps for illumination: they do not give the rays that the plant needs, and they get very hot.
One of the main conditions for the successful cultivation of a pistia is the purity of the water in the aquarium, so it is important to replace 25% of the water with fresh water every week.
Pistia grows best in water with a lot of nitrates. To saturate the aquatic environment with nitrogen, a layer of fertile soil is laid on the bottom, from which the roots of the pistia will extract food. By the way, overgrown roots are a sign of a lack of nutrients in the water.
In spring and summer, water lettuce is additionally fed with microelements: every week, fertilizer is added to the water at the rate of 2 g per 100 liters of water.
The pistia develops in cycles: in the spring, its active growth begins, which lasts for several months. At this time, the pistia is overgrown with numerous layers with children, and when the daughter rosettes reach a diameter of 5-6 cm, they can be separated. Separating babies helps maintain the health of the mother plant for at least a year and helps to keep the aquarium tidy.
Photo: Keeping a pistia in an aquarium
If you decide to start breeding pistia, you better cover the aquarium with glass to increase the humidity level, which plays a very important role in this process.
Pests and diseases
Pistia has natural immunity from pests and diseases. Sometimes loose or old outlets can become infected with bacteria or fungi, and then they must be removed from the aquarium and the water in the reservoir changed.
If aphids have bred on your houseplants, they can also spread to the pistia, so it is important to monitor the health of your house flowers. And do not keep the pistia in the aquarium at the same time as decorative mollusks: snails love to make holes in the leaves of the water lettuce.
Types and varieties
There are several decorative varieties of pistia, and all of these cultivars are smaller than the main species, although they grow just as quickly in the aquarium.
The most famous varieties of layered pistia:
- Aqua velvet - a small plant with bluish rosettes, suitable for growing in miniature reservoirs;
- Ruffled - the smallest form of pistia with corrugated leaves, the rosettes of which are no more than 10 cm in diameter;
- Angyo splash - variety with leaves in creamy white stripes and spots. This form is unstable and prone to reversals, so the emerging rosettes of solid green leaves must be removed immediately.
- Read the topic on Wikipedia
- Features and other plants of the Aroid family
- List of all species on The Plant List
- More information on World Flora Online
- Indoor Plants Information
Sections: Houseplants Ornamental-deciduous Aquarium Aroid (Aronic) Plants on P
Ways to combat rodents in the garden and in the garden, types and why are they dangerous
To order services for the destruction of insects, rodents, mold, registration of PPK contracts for Rospotrebnadzor, laboratory research and analysis of water, air, products, call: +7 (495) 255-38-42 or leave a request on the website.
For people involved in the cultivation of horticultural crops, rodents are a big problem. This group includes mice, earthen rats, moles, shrews, hares. These animals cause significant damage to household plots. They leave behind a plot that resembles a plowed field, damaged trees, as well as their roots, dried seedlings, unsuitable fruits of fruit and vegetable crops, as well as a gnawed film of greenhouses, greenhouses, and a considerable number of problems.
An important role is also the fact that rodents are strong carriers of dangerous viral diseases, both for domestic animals and for the human body. Rodents are carriers of a large number of infectious diseases for humans and animals. In modern society, a disease such as the plague has been completely defeated, but all the same, outbreaks of a dangerous disease arise. Therefore, it is necessary not only to fight these dangerous diseases, but it is also very important to carry out preventive measures to prevent and occur.
Garden plots should be kept completely clean - you should not leave food waste in the garden. Waste is sent for recycling, and the rest is incinerated or removed. The ripe crop must be harvested in full, not leaving uninvited little friends. Be sure to process the garden and the surrounding area. Prepare the soil for planting and carry out prevention against the appearance of new rodents. In season, try to remove weeds and all kinds of weeds, as well as dry grass in the garden.
- Bloom: in March for three weeks.
- Landing: planting tubers in the ground - in August-September.
- Lighting and soil:mountain, Chinese and alpine species prefer bright sunlight and drained sandy loam soil in elevated areas, and forest species need partial shade and loose humus soils.
- Watering: regular but moderate. If the spring was wet, then watering will only be needed from the beginning of summer.
- Top dressing: only forest species need fertilizers: you can dig up a site with humus (compost) before planting or add a solution of mineral fertilizer to the soil before flowering.
- Reproduction: most often by tubers and by dividing the rhizome, less often by seed.
- Pests: rodents.
- Diseases: viral infections and root rot.
Lemongrass propagates by cuttings. Cut off the top shoot and place it in the ground. To protect the developing roots from digging up the aquarium fish, place the plant in a pot. For planting, pick up a small container, otherwise the nomafila will develop the root system without growing upward. The stalk may be left unrooted, but the resulting shoots may grow uneven.
I remember the aquarium plant Lemongrass since childhood. Many years have passed since then, but Lemongrass still adorns aquariums, without losing its popularity. The popularity of plants does not come just because it is given for positive qualities, among which unpretentiousness and decorativeness are of paramount importance. But even unpretentious species need favorable conditions, without which plants will not be able to grow well and will never show all their charm.
Guppy fish: maintenance and care
Guppies are viviparous fish native to Latin America, where the climate and low cleanliness of water bodies forced them to adapt to any conditions. They are an excellent choice for a home aquarium, because they have a very beautiful appearance and are unpretentious to care for. Therefore, this species is very popular with both beginners and experienced aquarists.
The content of the article:
The maintenance and care of guppies has some peculiarities. Although this fish is able to adapt to many conditions, the best option for its life and breeding is tropical reservoirs and similar aquariums. Appropriate care for guppies will allow them not only to gain natural beauty, but also to actively reproduce in captivity.
Conditions for content
Keeping guppies in an aquarium does not require precise calibration of water temperature and hardness. Oxygen saturation for these fish is also not essential. But still, there are optimal values for these indicators, which guppies like most of all.
This type of fish is able to live in many conditions, breeding even in a bank. However, in the wrong conditions, they will not be able to develop normally and will stop at a certain stage of growth. Therefore, to keep guppies, it is necessary to take an aquarium with the calculation of 1.5-2 liters per individual. Do not take into account the volume that will be occupied by vegetation, aquarium decorations and other elements.
When caring for guppies, you must take into account the purity of the water. Although small, this fish produces abundant waste products, which greatly pollutes the aquarium and the water becomes cloudy. Therefore, it is necessary to install additional filtration systems or replace the water manually.
For optimal keeping of guppy fish, it is better to stabilize two important water parameters: acidity and hardness. The first factor is very important for them, because they live in a rather "light" environment. The optimum acidity index is 6.6-6.8 pH. This will allow the fish to develop freely and have offspring. It is important to note that they are very sensitive to changes in acidity, so do not change the water drastically or transplant them into an aquarium with different conditions - this can kill them. Therefore, before caring for guppy fish by transplanting them or replacing water, it is necessary to measure its acidity.
As for the second indicator, keeping guppies in an aquarium requires 5-10 dH, which is very soft water. Although they are not as sensitive to this indicator as to acidity.
The following factors are also important when caring for a guppy in an aquarium:
These fish are unpretentious in the type of lighting, but its mode is very important. The average daily light period should be around 12 hours. Also, keeping guppy fish requires regular sunlight. The easiest way to observe the lighting regime is with the help of the Indian fern, determined by its well-being.
Guppies are unpretentious to the ground, so it is necessary to take it with the expectation of vegetation and cleaning the aquarium. However, it is necessary to take into account the presence of soluble salts in it, which can dramatically increase the hardness of the water. This soil is not suitable for keeping fish.
Breeding and caring for guppies requires vegetation in the aquarium. For these fish, it is better to plant an Indian fern or similar algae. This will create optimal conditions for life and allow newborn fry to hide from adult fish that tend to feed on them.
Although these fish are unpretentious in temperature, it is best to keep the water at a level of 26-28 degrees Celsius. Lowering the temperature is not critical - the care and maintenance of guppy fish can be carried out at temperatures up to 4 C.
Compliance with these factors will make the keeping of guppies in the aquarium optimal for fish and simple for the owners.
An important factor when maintaining a large aquarium with fish is the compatibility of their species. Guppy fish are very peaceful, showing aggression only towards fry for the purpose of food. But they also become easy prey for other, larger fish. This should be taken into account when setting up a joint aquarium.
Before caring for guppy fish, it is necessary to consider the purpose of their maintenance. Indeed, for a simple existence, they only need food, but if care is neglected, they will not reproduce.
The maintenance and care of a guppy requires the following regular procedures:
- • Cleaning the aquarium and changing the water
- • Feeding
- • Analysis of the level of acidity and hardness of water
- • Temperature regime
- • Work with lighting.
These points are performed for any aquarium, because guppies do not require special conditions.
Feeding is the only important requirement for keeping these fish. They are practically omnivorous, therefore they are unpretentious in the feed. You need to feed on a schedule, the diet is mainly live food, which should be changed regularly. For guppies, reproduction and care are inseparable things, therefore, their fertility depends on the variety of food. It is also necessary to arrange unloading days for the fish. The food should be predominantly vegetable, which will replenish the set of elements necessary for the body.
For the reproduction of these fish, it is worthwhile to carry out separate care for guppy fry. At an early stage of development, they do not have such resistance to the environment, therefore, the previously mentioned conditions must be maintained. Before caring for guppy fry, it is best to transplant them into a separate aquarium. This will protect them from the mother and allow feeding according to the individual diet and regimen. It is better to give them dry food, and if possible - Artemia 3 times a day. Individual care for guppy fry should be carried out until they grow to two centimeters. Then they can be transplanted into a common aquarium.
These are the main points to consider before caring for a guppy. Everything is quite simple, because these fish are simple, rather unpretentious.
Breeding and grooming guppies can produce excellent results if you follow these guidelines. Fish cross perfectly between species, which allows you to create your own varieties (races) of guppies, which have a unique color and their own external features.
Varietal types of peonies
In the gardens, varietal peonies (P. x hybrida) are mainly grown, the founder of which was the p. Lacto-flowered (it is also called "Chinese").
The classification of garden peonies is based on the difference in the structure of the flower:
Varietal peonies bloom from mid-June to mid-July. They form large bushes (70-100 cm high) from dense unbranched shoots bearing dissected ornamental leaves.
Pay attention to the photo: the leaves of varietal peonies in autumn are painted in bright red-brown tones. Roots are powerful, branched, fleshy, tuberous thickened, reaching a depth of 80-90 cm. Bushes live up to 30 years without division and transplantation. Hundreds of varieties of peonies are cultivated, differing in height, flowering time, color and flower shape.
In recent years, varieties with simpler, light flowers (non-double) and a non-falling bush have come into vogue.
Reproduction of indoor ivy
Reproduction of indoor ivy is possible by apical or stem cuttings, layering throughout the year, the best option is in the spring. The apical cuttings are cut into a length of 10 cm and placed in the soil. To maintain high humidity, the cuttings are covered with a transparent cap (glass jar or plastic bag). The temperature is maintained at least 15 ° C (for Canary ivy - 20 ° C). The cuttings take root very quickly. After rooting, they are planted in pots of several pieces in a soil mixture consisting of equal parts of sod and leafy soil, humus, peat and sand.
When propagating by middle stem cuttings, a whole shoot with 8-10 leaves is cut off, placed horizontally in a groove in the sand to a depth of 1.5-2 cm, leaving the leaves outside. On the tenth day, underground roots form on the stem near the buds from the air roots. The top of the shoot begins to grow, and the dormant buds in the leaf axils do not germinate. After two weeks, the shoot is removed from the sand, cut into cuttings with one leaf and roots, after which three cuttings are planted in pots with a diameter of 7 cm, where new shoots develop from dormant buds.
When propagating by layering, long shoots are added dropwise, after having made cuts on them from the lower side, and they are fixed in the ground with the help of staples. After the shoots have taken root, they are separated from the mother plant.
Look at indoor ivy in the photo, which are presented in a wide variety on this page: