Aethioneme, sowing, planting, nurturing, cutting with Our website
Aethioneme: a dense and colorful carpet of leaves and flowers.
This small perennial from poor soils likes summer coolness but not winter humidity. Ideal in a rock garden, it forms a mattress of dense foliage lit with flowers from May to July.
• Aethionema spp
• Cycle: Perennial
• Foliage: Persistent - semi-persistent
• Hardiness: Hardy (-20 ° C)
• Family: Brassicaceae - Brassicaceae
• Harbor : Upright stem
• Exhibition: Sun
• Ground : Poor, sandy, very drained but cool during the summer.
• Sowing: very difficult.
• Plantation: March-April and September-October
• Flowering: June to October
• Rooting: pivoting tuberculous rhizomes
• Cultivation area: 4 to 9 (see the France - Quebec hardiness card)
• Origin: Europe and Asia
• Honey plant: No
• Edible plant: No
• Poisonous plant: Yes
Special features of aethiomen:
• Aethiomene does not support heavy soil, especially in winter.
Advantage in the garden:
• Easy to grow when the soil conditions are right.
• Beautiful flowerbed.
Description of this flowering perennial:
Aethiomene grows in flower beds. Low tufts creep into the rockeries, into the massifs with light, sandy, very draining soil. The stems 20 to 25 cm high, are dotted with small, narrow and thick leaves, slightly bluish green. Athiomene Grandiflorum forms small flowers bearing 4 cross petals, grouped in inflorescence almost forming a sphere. It spreads easily when the sun and soil conditions are right. Regular watering in summer is essential.
What soil for aethionema:
• Sandy, light, poor and very drained soil.
• Rather cool soil in summer, let dry between 2 waterings.
Method of reproduction:
• Sowing, or summer cuttings.
When to sow
• Practice sowing aethioneme, under cover from February-March to April.
How to sow aethionema?
• Under shelter, in a box, in a mixture, potting soil, heather soil and sand.
• Sow clear.
• Cover the seeds with a little potting soil.
• Pack and sprinkle very finely (mist)
• Keep the soil moist.
• After emergence, thin out to keep only the strongest plants.
• Water on dry soil.
• You can place the plants in pots before final planting, to strengthen them.
A word from the amateur gardener:
You can collect the aethionema seeds can be collected quite easily, allowing you to produce the next seedlings at a lower cost. The seeds retain their germination capacity for 4 years. Pay attention to conservation. bag the seeds, note the harvest date, and protect them from light and moisture.
When to plant:
• In the spring during the months April or May, after the frosts.
• In autumn, before the extreme cold of September to October.
How to plant aethionema:
• Work the soil without turning it over, to loosen it.
• Amend it with sand to ensure draining power if necessary.
• In poor soil, place the cups of aethionema 15 to 20 centimeters apart.
• Recap and tamp without damaging the stems or roots.
• Keep the soil cool, especially in summer.
What exposure for this beautiful rock garden plant?
• Watering in case of drought. The soil should stay fairly cool in the summer.
• Cut back stalked flowers to improve flowering.
Varieties of aethioneme:
• There are many varieties, about forty. Among the most cultivated, find aethioneme grandiflorum (in picture), oppositifolium aethionema, saxatile aethionema also called rock aethionema…
Aethioneme and good rock garden company
• Other rockery plants, a petrorhagia, a poet's carnation
Aethioneme, a beautiful flower carpet special scum. It requires dry, sandy, poor and cool soil in summer. it is possible to practice the seedlings quite easily. The plant is very floriferous and has a flowering from May to July ... A plant to be cultivated without moderation!
Here are the specifics of valerian seeds:
|Annual or Perennial||Perennial|
|Exposure to direct light||Yes |
Valerian seeds need light to germinate. This need for light is usually reserved for tiny seeds (St. John's Wort, for example), but valerian is an exception.
We will therefore follow the techniques outlined in the article on germination (Part II) in order to sow the seeds just above the surface. However, given the size of the seed, there is no need to use the sifted sand method. Sprinkle the seeds on the surface of your planting box and pack the seed well on the surface.
Plant the seeds of Valerian in the spring. Plant them in a container, in order to transplant them in pots and then in the ground later. I recommend the tray because the seed stays on the surface and will be easily dislodged by the weather or eaten by birds if planted directly in the ground.
Keep the surface of the bin wet.
Valerian seeds are relatively quick to germinate, the first seedlings should appear after 2 weeks.
please note : The first leaves of the seedling do not look at all like the leaf of valerian. It will take until the mature plant to begin to see the leaf divisions. Don't worry, you've got the right seeds from the right plant. You just have to be patient to see the mature leaf take shape after a few weeks of growth.
please note : Valerian seeds do not keep for long and degrade relatively quickly. Do not keep them from year to year, or expect less than optimal germination.
How to make flower cuttings?
Cut cuttings (8 to 15 cm) under a nu0153ud. Remove the leaves except the last two pairs. Place the cuttings in a terrine filled with potting soil strongly mixed with sand or perlite. Otherwise, try the cuttings in a glass of water and place it on a window sill.
How to make a cutting from a branch?
- Take the cutting from the mother plant.
- Cut it under one eye, using a pair of scissors or a clean pruner, ideally at a 45 ° angle.
- Reduce the foliage by keeping only 3 leaves at the top of the cutting.
When is the best time to make cuttings?
Cuttings can also be done in the fall, but also in winter and early spring, on so-called "hardwood" branches, with hard, dormant wood.
Which plants to cut in the spring?
So-called herbaceous cuttings (with young stems) are made in the spring, around May-June. This concerns for example: aster, bellflower, geranium, helianthemum, heliopsis, lupine, plumbago, speedwell, surfinia ...