Cape Marigold Propagation – How To Propagate African Daisy Flowers
By: Mary H. Dyer, Credentialed Garden Writer
Also known as African daisy, capemarigold (Dimorphotheca)is an African native that produces masses of beautiful, daisy-like blooms.Available in a wide range of shades, including white, purple, pink, red, orangeand apricot, cape marigold is often planted in borders, along roadsides, as agroundcover, or to add color alongside shrubbery.
Cape marigold propagation is easy if you can provide plentyof sunlight and well-drained soil. Let’s learn how to propagate African daisy!
Propagating Cape Marigold Plants
Cape marigold grows in most well-drained soils, but itprefers loose, dry, gritty, poor to average soil. Cape marigold propagationisn’t as effective in rich, damp soil. If the plants germinate at all, they maybe floppy and leggy with minimal blooms. Full sunlight is also critical forhealthy blooms.
How to Propagate African Daisy
You can plant cape marigold seeds directly in the garden,but the best time depends on your climate. If you live where winters are mild,plant in late summer or fall for blooms in spring. Otherwise, propagating capemarigold by seed is best in spring, after all danger of frost has passed.
Simply remove weeds from the planting area and rake the bedsmooth. Press the seeds lightly into the soil, but don’t cover them.
Water the area lightly and keep it moist until the seedsgerminate and the young plants are well-established.
You can also start cape marigold seeds indoors about sevenor eight weeks ahead of the last frost in your area. Plant the seeds in loose,well-drained potting mix. Keep the pots in bright (but not direct) light, withtemperatures about 65 C. (18 C.).
Move the plants in a sunny outdoor location when you’re sureall danger of frost has passed. Allow about 10 inches (25 cm.) between eachplant.
Cape marigold is a prolific self-seeder. Be sure to keepthe blooms deadheaded if you want to prevent spread.
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Read more about Cape Marigold
Marsh Marigold Plant Profile
Marsh Marigold (Caltha palustris) is also known as Caltha Cowslip. It is not really a marigold at all, rather a member of the Buttercup Family (Ranunculaceae).
The Marsh Marigold has no petals. Instead, each cluster of flowers is made of five to nine sepals, which resemble petals, surrounding many stamens and pistils.
Waxy deciduous foliage is rich green and each leaf is heart-shaped, kidney-shaped or rounded with two lobes.
Calling to the shape of these petite one-and-a-half-inch yellow blooms, caltha means “cup” coming from the Greek kalathos. Alluding to the ideal conditions for this flower to be planted, palustris means boggy or marshy. Other names are Marsh Cup or Cup of the Marsh.
Its growth habit is compact and mounding, the height ranging from one to three feet tall. For its dynamic purpose, this rhizomatous herbaceous perennial is known as both an herb and a wildflower.
Watch these vibrant perennials spread every spring, attracting the first birds, butterflies, and hummingbirds of the season.
|Botanical Name||Caltha palustris|
|Common Names||Marsh Marigold, Cowslip, Kingcup, Cowflock in Great Britain it is known as Mayflower, May Blobs, Mollyblobs, Pollyblobs, Horse Blob, Water Blobs, Water Bubbles, Gollins and the Publican|
|Plant Type||Perennial herb and wildflower|
|Mature Size||One to three feet tall, one to one-and-a-half feet wide|
|Sun Exposure||Part sun to shade|
|Soil Type||Humus rich loam (moist, boggy, muddy, wet-footed)|
|Soil pH||Acidic (|
Planting Marigold Seeds
Planting marigold seeds is a good gardening project for both new gardeners and more advanced gardeners. They are quick and easy to grow from seed, germinating in just a few days. Marigolds typically have a bloom time from June until frost.
Sow seed directly outside in the garden after the last frost when the soil has begun to warm. Cover with a thin layer of soil. Water the soil thoroughly, but avoid oversaturating the soil. After the seeds have sprouted, thin the marigold seedlings until they are about 8 to 18 inches apart.
To accelerate your seedlings and yield earlier blooms, begin your seed indoors around 8 weeks prior to the last frost date for your region. Set the marigold plants outdoors after the last frost date.
Cape Marigold, African Daisy, Star-of-the-Veldt
A member of the composite or daisy family, cape marigolds are sometimes called Osteospermum, depending on which botanist classified closely related plants. Also called African daisy and star-of-the-veldt, they are not closely related to true marigolds.
Description of cape marigold: Cape marigolds grow up to 1 foot tall, in a loose mound heavily covered with flowers during cool seasons or in cool climates. Flowers are 3 to 4 inches in size in yellow, white, salmon, or rose. The reverse sides of the petals are colored in shades of blue or lavender.
Growing cape marigold: African daisies thrive in light, sandy soil and will tolerate drought. They prefer cool, dry weather in full sun in coastal or mountain climates. They turn scraggly in hot, humid parts of the country during summer. In such locations, plant them as soon as the ground can be worked for cool season beauty, replacing them later with heat-tolerant plants. They flower best when temperatures are 45 to 50 degrees Fahrenheit. They are good winter annuals (actually semi-hardy perennials) in areas with only a few degrees of frost (Zones 8 to 10). Space 8 to 12 inches apart. Do not fertilize.
Propagating cape marigold: By seed or by cuttings. Sow outdoors in spring after the last frost or start indoors 6 to 8 weeks in advance of planting out. Seeds germinate in 10 to 15 days at 60 to 70 degrees Fahrenheit.
Uses for cape marigold: Tuck cape marigolds into chinks of rock walls or plant them in sunny rock gardens. Use them for large drifts of color through borders and beds. Plant them at the edges of containers. Cape Marigolds combine well with other container plants. They're good cut flowers, too.
Cape marigold related varieties: Starshine bears flowers of pink, rose, carmine, and white. Tetra Pole Star is a white variety with violet centers. Tetra Goliath is an orange-flowered variety with unusually large blooms. Out of Africa contains orange, yellow, and white.
Scientific name of cape marigold: Dimorphotheca hybrids