When to dive tomato seedlings
When cultivating seedlings of tomatoes and other garden crops, one of the important agricultural practices is picking. Gardeners with experience know about this procedure and the timing of its implementation. For beginners, however, this issue will have to understand and find out when to make a pick, whether a lunar sowing calendar is needed for these purposes and what should be guided by.
How many leaves should the seedlings have
Some summer residents avoid the process of planting tomato seedlings and plant seeds immediately in a container of a larger volume, considering this procedure to be very stressful for the plants. For those who still hold a different opinion, you need to know about the timing of the pick, which days are considered favorable, and when it is better to refrain from such actions.
It is generally accepted that the best time for planting tomato seedlings is 7-10 days after the emergence of seedlings.... During this period, a root lobe and a pair of true leaves are formed in the sprout. If you perform the procedure sooner or later, then the plants will adapt less well to new conditions and may be prone to diseases. However, there are gardeners who dive tomatoes in the cotyledon stage, although replanting such sprouts is quite risky due to too small roots and fragile stems, that is, the likelihood of their damage is very high.
The first two leaves, formed after the germination of the seeds, are not real - these are cotyledon leaves, after which the real ones begin to develop.
In most cases, tomato seedlings dive in the phase of two true leaves.
The indicated timing of picking is relevant with sufficient lighting of the plants (12-15 hours) and maintaining the temperature regime within + 20-22С during the day and + 16-20˚С at night... With a lack of light, as well as at a higher temperature, the seedlings will stretch and may need an earlier dive.
Video: when to dive tomatoes
Transplanting tomatoes with different growing methods
If the culture is grown in snails, then the pick is carried out when a pair of real leaves appears. When cultivating tomatoes in diapers, sprouts are transplanted at the same time as with the usual method. When growing seedlings in the Chinese or Japanese way, the procedure is carried out 30 days after the sprouts appear.
Tomato seedlings dive into diapers at the age of 7-10 days after emergence
Picking in different situations
Additional picking is necessary for overgrown tomatoes, as well as tall varieties. If low-growing varieties of tomatoes are drawn, then the problem is reduced, as a rule, to a lack of light. Tall varieties have one characteristic feature - the development will be faster, which will require additional picking. If the stem has grown quite long and is no longer able to stay upright, then it's time to re-transplant.
Determinant varieties (with limited growth) are picked, paying attention to the appearance of the plants. The need for a transplant is indicated by characteristic signs:
- the stem lays down;
- there is too much distance between leaves;
- the stem becomes thinner and bent.
If the seedlings are elongated and unable to stay upright, they need a pick
If the seedlings after sprouting, for one reason or another, are stretched out, it must be borne in mind that it makes no sense to make a pick shortly before planting the plants in the ground. In order for strong roots to form, re-picking should be carried out about 30 days before planting seedlings in the ground.
Tomato pick lunar calendar 2020
The influence of the moon on the development of tomatoes is an indisputable fact. During the periods of the growth of the moon, tides occur, the water level rises. At this time, the movement of the sap is directed from the roots to the leaves and further to the generative organs. It was during this period that the tomato is intensively developing. The culture should also be transplanted according to the lunar calendar. On the net you can find specific dates of the month when the pick will be the most favorable. These calculations are based on the phases of the moon. The gardener determines the specific time himself, but the stages of plant development, as well as the number of days from the moment of germination, should be taken into account.
The best sign for transplanting seedlings is Virgo.... It is especially suitable for those crops that were planted when the Moon was in Cancer, Pisces or Scorpio. This is explained by the fact that the plants tolerate picking more easily, are practically not prone to diseases and take root faster after the procedure.
Favorable days for picking tomato seedlings according to the lunar calendar in 2020
If, for some reason, it was not possible to complete the seating according to the recommendations of the lunar calendar, then you can adhere to the folk omen: a male plant dives on Women's Day. In this case, Wednesday, Friday and Saturday are favorable days for the tomato. To be sure, you should avoid transplanting on the days of the new moon and full moon:
- in March - 9 and 24;
- in April - 8 and 23;
- in May - 7 and 22.
The timing of picking tomatoes depends on the variety of the crop, the time of sowing the seeds and the growing conditions. Plants for transplanting must be strong, but not overgrown. A gardener's lunar calendar can be a reference point for the work, adhering to which it will be possible to get a rich and early harvest of tomatoes.
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When is it better to dive tomato seedlings in 2021 and how to do it correctly according to the lunar calendar: exact dates of the dive by month
When growing tomatoes, in order for the seedlings to turn out to be strong and well-developed, it is imperative that a timely pick of the seedlings be carried out. The attitude itself and the technique of performing this procedure differ among gardeners, so it is necessary to figure out what a picking of tomato seedlings is, when and how to carry it out correctly. The timing of when it is best to dive tomato seedlings, the lunar calendar for gardeners for 2021 provides for almost every month.
When is it better to dive tomato seedlings in 2021 according to the Lunar calendar, what are the exact dates of the picking by months, how to make a pick correctly, you will find out later in our article.
When can you dive tomato seedlings in 2020 according to the lunar calendar
The problem of how to dive tomatoes appears after sowing crop seeds for seedlings. The culture is one of the fast-growing ones, and it is worth preparing for intermediate transplants long before the first tomato seedlings appear. Summer residents need to stock up on separate containers, soil and patience.
Approximate timing of when to dive tomato seedlings, come in 2-3 weeks after sowing the seeds. At this time, the first true leaves appear in plants. If the plants are weak, the timing is shifted by a week or two, so as not to injure the already fragile root system.
Second pick recommended for tall and medium-sized varieties of tomatoes. It is carried out 3-4 weeks after the first. Tomatoes do not need a third pick. The exception is when the seedlings are stretched.
The timing of when to dive tomatoes, the lunar calendar for summer residents for 2020 provides for almost every month.
The most favorable days for picking tomato seedlings
- February: 1, 2, 3, 6, 7, 10, 14, 15, 19, 20, 25.
- March: 2-6, 17, 27-29.
- April: 1-7, 24, 28-29.
- May: 2-6, 15-17, 23-26, 30-31.
Unfavorable days of picking tomato seedlings
- February: 9, 22, 23, 24.
- March: 9, 23, 24, 25.
- April: 8, 22, 23, 24.
- May: 7, 21, 22, 23.
If it was not possible to transplant tomatoes during the indicated periods, you can do a dive on any other day, except for new and full moons. It is believed that, being in these cycles, the moon negatively affects the growth of vegetable crops.
Another advice from experienced gardeners sounds like this - you should not massively transplant seedlings, since it is necessary to dive the tomatoes at the moment the seedlings are fully ready for the procedure. At the first transplant, it is necessary to choose the strongest plants, and leave the weak ones for growing in an old container.
The next pick of tomatoes should begin at the moment of inhibition of plant growth. If no new leaves appear on the plants within a week, it needs more space and nutrients.
Rules for picking tomato seedlings
Sooner or later, every summer resident who grows vegetables, the question arises - how to dive tomatoes? It is known that without this operation it is practically impossible to get strong and healthy seedlings. Transplanting into a more spacious container allows you to increase the root mass of plants, increase their adaptive capacity.
There are not so many ways to dive tomatoes at home and, regardless of the method of planting and growing, sowing time and other factors, the procedure must obey the rules:
- Before diving, it is necessary to water so that the soil in the container with seedlings is moistened, so it will be easier to remove the root system of a young tomato without damaging it
- It is impossible to roughly pull the plant out of the soil. There is an opinion that cutting off some of the roots stimulates the growth of new ones, but this is not entirely true. Only the central root can be shortened - if the lateral processes of the root system are damaged, after transplanting the tomatoes will first direct their forces to the formation of a new suction system, and only then will they start growing
- Each subsequent container for seedlings should be 3-5 cm wider and twice as deep as the previous one. It is filled with soil similar in composition to that in which the seedlings grew. So it adapts faster, the roots will begin to grow faster.
- The basic rule of how to dive tomatoes into cups or pots is to deepen them by a third of the stem height. This will prevent over-stretching of the seedlings. In addition, a recessed planting stimulates the formation of additional roots.
When a tomato is picked, the standard technology is used - the plant is removed from the soil and placed in a deep hole. Before filling the root system with soil, a little water is poured into the hole. This procedure will help the roots to straighten and take an adequate position. Then the soil is squeezed around the plant with your fingers.
The sequence looks somewhat different, like diving tomatoes if they are stretched out. It is unlikely that it will be possible to deepen them to the desired height without bending the stem, so the stem is laid in a spiral, gradually filling it with soil. The top of the seedling with two or three pairs of leaves can be left on the surface.
Video: Seedlings of tomatoes: from seedlings to picking
Caring for tomatoes after picking
Since tomatoes have to be dived several times, there is a possibility of a significant backlog of plants in growth. Recommendations for the care of the crop during these periods will help to avoid negative consequences:
First advice - limit light and heat. Diving, even the most delicate, inevitably leads to injury to the root system. Until the suction roots begin to work effectively, the seedlings lose more moisture than they consume. The sun and heat promotes active evaporation of moisture, which leads to the wilting of seedlings. Sliced tomatoes are recommended to be placed further from the window. The temperature in the room is maintained at +18 ... + 20 ﹾ С.
Second tip - do not use fertilizers. The roots of cut tomatoes will not recover faster if you use mineral or organic fertilizers, which during this period can cause irreparable harm to plants. You can help the seedlings recover by other means, for example, Epin - a solution of the drug is sprayed onto the leaves in order to increase the plant's immunity and enhance the growth energy.
Third tip - water the seedlings on time and it is important to replenish the moisture requirement of tomatoes from the first days. Since some of the roots are damaged, I will stabilize the amount of absorbed moisture in the first week by increasing the number of irrigations. After a week, the root system will grow and reach the walls of the pot. The frequency of watering is reduced, and the volume of water for one irrigation is increased.
- Knowing how to dive tomatoes and take care of them after this procedure, summer residents get maximum yields.
- Any mistake delays the growth of seedlings for a week, which leads to a loss of yield.
- During this time, an adult bush forms a flower cluster and sets fruit.
Dive tomatoes correctly, surprise your neighbors in the country with large harvests of tomatoes!
Auspicious days for caring for tomato seedlings in 2020
Favorable days for feeding tomato seedlings
- February: 1, 2, 3, 6, 7, 10, 12, 13, 14, 15, 19, 20, 25, 28, 29.
- March: 4-6, 17-19, 27-28.
- April: 1-2, 5-10, 13-14.
- May: 2-7, 11-12, 25-26, 30-31.
- June: 1-4, 21-23, 26-30.
Favorable days for watering tomato seedlings
- February: 1, 2, 3, 6, 7, 10, 12, 13, 14, 15, 19, 20, 25, 28, 29.
- March: 1, 4-6, 11-14, 22-23.
- April: 1-2, 5-10, 18-19, 23-24, 28-29.
- May: 2-7, 15-17, 21-22, 25-26, 30-31.
- June: 1-4, 12-13, 17-18, 21-23, 26-30.
Only warm water is recommended for watering seedlings. Young shoots should not be poured. In the initial period, one teaspoon is enough for each plant. When the moon is waning, watering must be reduced, and when it is growing, water must be more abundant. If the tomatoes have already been transplanted into the ground, then sprinkling is recommended during the waning moon, and with a growing satellite it is better to water at the root.
Favorable days for processing tomato seedlings from diseases and pests
- February: 4, 5, 8, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 26, 27.
- March: 2, 3, 10, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31.
- April: 11-17, 20-22, 25-27.
- May: 8-14, 18-19, 23-24.
- June: 5-11, 14-16, 19-20.
Favorable days for a pick
The moon affects many processes on earth, including the growth and development of garden crops. In the growth phase of the luminary, tides occur, the water level rises. The sap in plants moves from the roots to the leaves. At such a time, the growth of tomatoes is most active. It is at this time that the picking of tomato seedlings should be carried out. The exact date is determined independently, depending on the age of the seedlings.
The most favorable time for a transplant is when the Moon is in the constellation Virgo. This is especially true for those plants that were planted during the period when the Moon was in Scorpio, Cancer or Pisces.