Chroma Succulent Care: Learn About Growing Chroma Echeveria Plants
By: Amy Grant
It is a popular and considerate idea to gift wedding guests with a small token of appreciation for their attendance. One of the hottest gift ideas of late has been a small potted succulent. The ideal succulents for this purpose are Chroma echeveria plants. It might even be nice to include a small card with a description of what an Echeveria ‘Chroma’ is, growing Chroma echeveria and succulent care for your guests to take home with them.
What is Echeveria ‘Chroma’?
Chroma echeveria plants are hybrid succulents created in California. They are comprised of a small rosette of up to 3 inches (8 cm.) across, which makes them the perfect size for a take-away gift. Their diminutive size isn’t their only selling point; they also have lovely shiny, deep rose to maroon foliage that can complement the bridal party’s colors.
Echeveria ‘Chroma’ Info
From the Crassulaceae family, Chroma succulents are only cold hardy to 20 to 30 degrees F. (-7 to -1 C.), which means they can be successfully grown in USDA zones 9 through 11 outside. All other zones should grow Chroma as a houseplant.
The parent plant, Echeveria, is among one of the most colorful of the succulents. It can grow quite large with thick, brightly hued leaves. Hailing from Mexico and Central America, echeveria blooms with yellow, orange, red, or pink bell-shaped blossoms on long stems.
Chroma Succulent Care
Succulents are easy to grow as long as you don’t overwater them. Remember that succulents hold water in their thick fleshy leaves. Do not water them until the soil is dry to the touch. Overwatering can lead to rot of both leaves and roots.
When growing Chroma echeveria, use a succulent/cactus potting soil that is porous and well-draining. Be sure that the container has adequate drainage holes. Situate the succulent in an area with plenty of light.
As the lower leaves dies back, be sure to remove them, as they can be havens for pests such as mealybugs.
When the plant outgrows its pot, allow the soil to dry out and then gently remove the succulent. Remove any rotted or dead roots and leaves. Treat any cuts with a fungicide. Then repot Chroma in a larger pot, spreading the roots out as you backfill with soil. Let the succulent stay dry for about a week and acclimate, then water it lightly as usual.
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Full grown succulents don’t actually like to be misted. They thrive in arid climates, so when you mist them, you are changing the humidity around the plant. This can lead to rot as well. Use misting for propagation babes to lightly provide water to their delicate little roots.
Why are leaves falling off your succulents? The most common reason is watering issues. Too much water can cause the leaves to swell, become soft and mushy, and eventually fall off. Leaves that fall off from overwatering appear wet and mushy, and the stem may appear puffy.
Orchids and Indoor plant
IDENTIFY ECHEVERIA CHROMA
Echeveria Chroma is an Altman Plants original hybrid produced in California. It has a shrubbing habit and can produce several offsets.
It is a succulent plant with attractive rosettes, up to 3 inches (7.5 cm) in diameter, quickly branching to form a much branched plant. The center of the rosette will look like a sunset during this seasonal variegation.
It is an exciting variety with shiny, dark purple-bronze leaves that look almost metallic. It has the best coloring during the winter and will also often display patches of variegation with sections of the leaves turning pink-gold.
Each year it can send up a tall bloom stalk from which dangle yellow, bell-shaped flowers. The golden-orange flowers are loved by hummingbirds. Its show-stopping chromatic skills will also be loved in event decor.
ECHEVERIA CHROMA CARE AND CULTURE
Cultural information should only be used as a guide, and should be to be adapted to suit you. Your physical location where you grow your plants, how much time you have to devote to their care, and many other factors, will need to be taken into account. Only then can you decide on the cultural methods that best suit you and your plants.
Echeveria Chroma grow well in full or partial sun. It do best at a southern, eastern or western exposure. When the plant doesn’t get enough light, it starts growing tall, become stretched and lose their color, their leaves are sparse around a long, thin stem. This means the plant is reaching for light. If you grow the plant on a windowsill, turn the plant occasionally to ensure that all sides of your plant get enough sun.
In the middle of summer, keep it bright but skip the very hot, and burning western sun, which can fry them. Also, the dramatically changing amount of the sunlight is a stress source for your plants. If you are going to move your outdoor succulents to the interior places, do it gradually.
Although excess water is what most often kills it, it also likes having alot of light, but not scorching direct sun, as when behind a window. If the foliage gets sunburned, the best thing to do is behead the plant, and grow a new one, taking off the damaged leaves
Echeveria Chroma make the great floor covering plants for the rock gardens. However, if kept outside, they will require a temperate climate all year long. They are very tender to cold and sudden drop in the temperature, in particular among the other succulents. But if you live where winters get real, you can still enjoy these beautiful succulents by growing them in interior pots instead, or move them to indoors for the freezing winters. The biggest concern about growing the plant, like many succulents, indoor spaces is that they will not get as much sunlight as they do outside.
During the spring and summer months, your indoor succulents need temperatures of between 65 and 80°F (18-27°C). During the winter, a few degrees lower will be ideal. You can grow the plants outside if you have warm summers of at least 19°C or 20°C.
Substrate and growing media:
Echeveria Chroma require a well-draining, porous growing medium to help keep excess moisture away from the roots. Standard cactus potting mixes are sufficient for the plants, which can be found at most nurseries and garden centers.
When choosing an echeveria to grow in a pot or container, it is important to choose the right size. As a rule of thumb for all succulents, choose a pot that is just larger than the root ball. This helps to ensure soil doesn’t stay too damp. Don’t place your plant in a pot without the drainage holes on the bottom.
You may repot your plant just after purchasing it if you’ve purchased it while it wasn’t flowering. After that, an annual repotting in spring with soil mix amended with sand will surely extend the lifespan of your plant. Re-potting in spring in a pot that is slightly larger than the previous will extend the lifespan of your plant. To repot the plant, ensure that the soil is completely dry before removing it from its potting container. Carefully remove the excess soil from the roots before placing the plant in its new pot.
Watering is the most important aspect of proper care. Like most succulents, they do not require much water. During the blooming, 1 to 2 waterings a week, only when the soil has dried well. Apart from the blooming season, 1 to 2 waterings a fortnight. In winter, light watering 1 time a month is largely enough. Allow the soil to become dry between waterings. Under cool temperatures, keep both the soil and foliage dry. Humidity is not an issue as they are dry land plants that can tolerate wide swing with little difficulty.
You should water the plant once in a while, but pouring a big amount. Keep water running through the soil until it is completely wet and let the soil drain all the water inside. They do not like to stay in a wet soil. Repeat this watering process if needed. After you water your plant, you should wait a long period of time in order the plant use all the water storage inside its body.
If you notice that leaves are falling off, are wilting, turning yellow, or turning brown, it could be an issue with watering. Too much watering or too little watering can all affect the health of your plant.
Echeveria Chroma have low fertilizer needs coming from areas of low fertility where most soil has washed away. Adding a flower plant fertilizer will help extend the blooming and increase its beauty. Feed once a month with a dilute solution like a 15-15-15 or lower in summer when temperatures are warm and light is high. Reduce or eliminate fertilizer in winter or to control size.
Little need for pruning except in old plants. Plants can be pruned back when height is excessive for a particular growing situation, tops can be cut out and side branching will develop, eventually forming a full plant. Remove wilted flowers regularly (deadheading). This step isn’t mandatory but it will help stimulate the plant to produce new flowers.
Echeveria Chroma grow mainly in Spring and Summer and nearly cease growing in Autumn and winter (their dormant period). They usually have a problem period in April and May where they transition from the growing period, to the dormant period. Fungal problems become more prevalent as the older leaves start to shrivel be reabsorbed and die back for winter. If the plants have had too much water in Autumn the lower old leaves will not shrivel but die and begin to rot this can spread to other leaves ultimately to the stem where it can take over the plant.
Echeveria Chroma produces small suckers at the base of stems, and these can be replanted and take root easily. The plants can also propagated by leaf cuttings, and by seed if they are not hybrids. Simply remove cleanly from the mother plant, let callus for a few days until the wound has closed and place on soil or in water and wait for roots to develop. Roots usually grow first to seek out water, followed by new leaves. This may take anywhere from a week to a few months and there is no need to water propagating succulents as they will glean all the nutrition and moisture they require from their mother leaf, which will shrivel up over time. The original leaf may be gently removed once it has dried up and become crispy in texture, only remove if it comes away easily otherwise you risk damaging the baby plant.