Fertilizing roses is an important element of lush flowering and healthy shrubs.
Not every grower can boast of his own rose garden, but almost everyone dreams of one. It will take a lot of effort and patience for constant watering and weeding, for anxious and constant care, because a rose is a capricious flower. But the most important condition for full development and lush flowering is correct and timely feeding.
Basic dressing for roses
Top dressing for rose bushes should consist of the most important trace elements for this plant - iron, magnesium, phosphorus and nitrogen. Each of these elements plays a role in the development and growth of the plant.
- Magnesium is necessary for roses at the stage of flower bud formation.
- Nitrogen is very important for growing green mass. The main thing is to apply the correct amount of fertilizer. With its lack, the plant develops poorly, and an overabundance can affect the flowering process. It may not come at all or it will be extremely meager.
- Iron is necessary for roses to strengthen immunity and the ability to resist various pests and numerous diseases.
- Phosphorus plays a significant role in the budding stage, and also contributes to the development of stems and lush flowering.
How to fertilize correctly
Fertilizers for rose bushes are available in liquid and powder form, as well as in the form of granules and tablets. The further development of the plant depends on the correct application of fertilizers.
Fertilizers in liquid form are usually added to irrigation water and applied to the soil during irrigation. This method of feeding allows the plants to get maximum nutrition.
It is recommended to distribute other types of fertilizers evenly over the land plot and use a hoe to embed them in the ground.
Plants will receive a full range of fertilizers if they are fed a certain number of times during the year, depending on the season. For example, in the spring months, fertilizers are applied 4-5 times, in the summer months - once a month, and in the autumn - 1-2 times are enough.
Spring dressing for roses
Rose bushes must be fertilized in spring alternately with mineral and organic fertilizers every two weeks. The root method is used about 5 times, and the foliar method is used 4 times.
- The first feeding is carried out approximately in April after the complete melting of snow, pruning of bushes and during swelling of the buds and consists of vermicompost (3 kg per bush) and bird droppings (100 g).
- The second feeding is carried out during the initial stage of shoot growth and consists of vermicompost (3 kg) and chicken droppings (about 5 liters).
- The third feeding is carried out at the stage of bud formation and consists of vermicompost (3 kg) and chicken manure or mullein (about 5 liters).
- The fourth feeding is carried out at the end of the first flowering and consists of a small amount of vermicompost.
- The fifth top dressing is carried out at the end of the second flowering and consists of wood ash (about 100 g), which is introduced into the root zone.
The first mineral dressing consists of equal parts of superphosphate, potassium salt and ammonium nitrate. The thoroughly mixed mixture is introduced into the soil while it is loosening.
It is recommended to use compost not only as a top dressing, but also as a mulching layer, which will keep warm and moisture in the soil for a long time. The mulching organic layer must be sprinkled with a small layer of soil.
Fertilizers are good in moderation. An excess of them can cause irreparable harm to plant health. The large amount of nutrients in the soil of a rose garden will not please rose bushes. An excess of them can "burn" the root part of plants, especially young and not yet matured specimens.
For example, chicken manure is a very concentrated fertilizer, the excess of which can not only cause yellowing and fall of foliage, but also lead to the death of the entire shrub.
In order for the rose bush to fully develop and delight in the future with abundant flowering, it is necessary to start with preparing the soil for planting seedlings. Approximately two weeks before planting, you need to dig the planting holes and fill them with components that are very important for plant nutrition. First, manure or compost (about five centimeters), then a soil mixture consisting of the following components: garden soil, superphosphate, humus and potassium salt. Within two weeks, the planting holes are left in this form, and only then the rose bushes are planted.
Summer dressing for roses
In the summer, fertilizers are applied only at the end of the flowering of the bushes. Such dressings strengthen the immunity of plants and help them to endure the onset of winter cold in the future. Granular fertilizers are sprinkled directly under the rosebush about three times throughout the summer. Powdered fertilizer is diluted with water, strictly according to the proposed instructions, and, together with irrigation water, is introduced into the soil.
Autumn dressings for roses
Fertilizing in the fall helps the plants prepare for the winter. At this time, they need nutrients such as potassium and phosphorus. Potassium is such a trace element that will help shrubs create special protection from low temperatures in winter, as well as from various pests and diseases until spring. Phosphorus affects the rate of maturation of wood in plants.
Fertilizer preparation: dissolve 100 grams of superphosphate in 2 liters of hot water, and then bring the volume of the solution to 10 liters.
Preparation of phosphorus-potassium fertilizer: superphosphate (7 grams) and monophosphate potassium (8 grams) must be dissolved in five liters of warm water.
Preparation of a complex mineral fertilizer: superphosphate (13 grams), potassium sulfate (5 grams) and boric acid (slightly less than 2 grams) should be dissolved in 5 liters of warm water.
Wood ash is an indispensable organic fertilizer and a real nutritious product with a large amount of trace elements (including potassium and calcium), which experienced growers use for rose bushes as a means of preparing them for the winter season.
Organic waste such as banana skins are rich in potassium, which is why some gardeners use them as fertilizer by dripping the skins next to the rose bush.
On rainy autumn days, conventional fertilizers will be quickly washed out by large amounts of precipitation. It is recommended this season to use granular fertilizers, which will be absorbed into the soil gradually, and for a long winter time will provide plants with adequate nutrition.
The second fall dressing is applied in the form of a mixture of compost and wood ash around mid-October. This fertilizer - mulch will protect the plants from freezing and provide them with adequate nutrition.
Overfeeding can lead plants to poor flowering, stunted growth and disease.
Top dressing of indoor Chinese rose
The Chinese rose is fertilized only in spring and summer twice a month with special complex fertilizers, which contain nitrogen, potassium and phosphorus. These components help the plant to form a large number of buds and contribute to its active development.
From a lack or an overabundance of fertilizers, the leaves first turn yellow, and then the leaves fall en masse. Over time, the plant's immunity is weakened, and fungal diseases appear.
Fertilizers for roses. Edition 33
Autumn feeding of roses - preparation for winter
Top dressing of roses in the fall is carried out in order to prepare the plants for winter.
Potassium is one of the most important components that flowers need at this time of the year. This trace element creates a special protection for plants from cold weather for the winter. They are not so affected by diseases and insects next spring. In the fall, roses need not only potassium, but also phosphorus. It stimulates the aging process of wood. Dissolve 100 mg of superphosphate in 2 liters of hot water. After the solution has cooled, it is brought to a volume of 10 liters with warm water.
Phosphate-potassium fertilizer for roses can be prepared at home. For 5 liters of water, 8 g of monophosphate potassium and 7 g of superphosphate are consumed.
Complex mineral fertilizer for feeding roses in autumn can be prepared according to another recipe:
- 5 g of potassium sulfate.
- 13 g superphosphate.
- 1.7 g of boric acid.
This recipe is for 5 liters of water. 1 bucket of working solution is spent on a rose garden with an area of 4 m 2.
As fertilizers for the preparation of roses for the winter, summer residents use wood ash. It is a nutritious product that contains calcium, potassium and other trace elements useful for roses. Some growers drop banana skins next to the bushes. They are rich in potassium.
In a rainy autumn, it is not advisable to use fertilizers that dissolve easily and then quickly wash out. They can be replaced with granular dressings. They will gradually be absorbed, providing the bushes with food for the whole winter.
Top dressing in granules is considered the best preparation for feeding roses in autumn.
The second seasonal feeding of roses is carried out in the first or second decade of October. This time, it is recommended to use compost with a small amount of wood ash. Roses are mulched with a nutritious composition, thus providing adequate nutrition and protection from freezing in cold winters.
Overfed garden roses become lethargic, grow slowly, bloom poorly, and are afflicted with diseases.
Roses - basic rules for growing and care
In early spring, after the end of frost, it is necessary to check the condition of each rose bush. All weak shoots or parts of the plant damaged by frost must be removed before a living bud.
Annual varieties should be pruned in moderation, while biennial varieties should be trimmed slightly more. The emerging young branches are cut in half, and the strong mature stems should be shortened by about five buds. If the age of the rose shrub has exceeded the three-year mark, then do not forget to get rid of the dried and poorly developed branches.
All varieties of roses, without exception, should be pruned. This important procedure contributes to the rapid growth and development of plants, the correct formation of the bush. Only yellow roses are a small exception to the rule - its shoots are cut in the smallest quantities.
Top dressing and fertilizers
After pruning, while the buds on the rose bushes are in a "dormant" state, it is necessary to carry out preventive spraying. To do this, use copper sulfate (one percent solution). And nitrogen-containing fertilizing is introduced into the soil (for example, ammonium nitrate). Nitrogen fertilization can cause plant burns, so it should be used in moderation.
Top dressing should be repeated after about fifteen days. This time you can use nitroammophos. These two types of dressings will give the plant all the nutrients it needs during this period. Liquid fertilizers cannot be applied to dry soil; first, the plant must be watered abundantly with water and the ground around the bush must be slightly loosened.
In the future (in June and early July), these two types of fertilizers are applied alternately with an interval of two weeks. Mineral dressings help to destroy the soil microflora, and organic ones help to restore and renew it.
This procedure is necessary for the plant immediately after the first flowering. All wilted flowers and absolutely all shoots are pruned. This will give the shrub even more strength for further lush flowering.
Roses love abundant and regular watering, especially during the period of active flowering and development. When determining the amount of watering, you need to take into account the quality of the soil, the age of the plant and the weather conditions. To prevent the formation of a crust on the surface of the soil, it is necessary to loosen the soil near the bush. This is necessary for complete air exchange and nutrition of the root system.
Diseases and pests
Many flower crops are susceptible to fungal diseases and pests. Garden roses are no exception. They, too, can get sick with powdery mildew or black spot. Preventive spraying with special preparations (for example, foundationol) will help to avoid this. The solution is prepared from 10 liters of water and ten grams of the drug.
You can also get rid of harmful insects (such as aphids) by spraying with solutions with the addition of insecticidal preparations.
Reproduction of garden roses
For propagation of garden roses, it is best to use cuttings. This is the most popular and effective method. In the middle of the summer season, you need to choose cuttings on those bushes that have finished flowering. You need to take a strong, healthy branch and cut out its middle part so that three full-fledged buds remain on it. In the upper part, the cutting is cut evenly, and in the lower part - obliquely. The leaves in the upper part are cut in half, and in the lower, the last two are completely removed.
The prepared cutting is planted in well-moistened soil in a shaded area and covered with a transparent container. It is very important not to skip watering and insulate the plant for the winter!
With the arrival of spring, the cuttings are transferred to their permanent "place of residence." Further caring for a young plant does not differ from caring for adult roses.
In the first year, young cuttings should root well in a new location. For this, the plant will need a lot of energy, which should not be spent on flowering. Therefore, during the budding period, it is advisable to rid it of the buds that appear by pinching off.
So that the soil does not dry out and the moisture persists longer, you need to plant ground cover perennial plants near the rose bushes. These rugs will act as a mulch layer and will reliably protect the root system of garden roses.
More on soil mulching
Preparing for winter
Roses are frost-resistant plants, but for this they need hardening and strengthening of immunity. Preparation of roses for wintering should begin in August. This month, nitrogen fertilization is completely canceled, because they contribute to the active growth of shoots and further flowering. And repeated flowering will take away from the bushes all the remaining strength that must be preserved for the winter period. But the dressing with the content of potassium and phosphorus will come in handy for the roses.
Before warming and wrapping garden roses for the winter, another small pruning is carried out. You need to get rid of any remaining buds and dried flowers. A layer of sawdust and humus is poured under each bush, and the upper part of the bush is covered with spruce branches.
Fertilizing roses is an important element of lush flowering and healthy shrubs.
Pruning spray roses
The hardest part of getting away is pruning the bushes. Pruning is necessary in the spring, summer and autumn. In the spring, you need to carry out formative pruning and remove excess and damaged branches. In summer, it is necessary to carry out sanitary pruning and remove dried buds and thin them out a little. In autumn, you need to cut out all dry and damaged branches that interfere with the proper growth and development of the bush.
You need to prune roses before the buds begin to swell. It is necessary to remove all dry and damaged branches, as well as those that grow in the wrong direction and interfere with the growth of the plant. Also during pruning, you need to form the shape of the crown. Pruning should only be done with sharp and sterilized instruments. This will prevent various bacteria from entering the bush, which can provoke a variety of diseases. After trimming, the cuts must be treated with garden varnish.
How to feed a rose in autumn
If this is not planting seedlings or cuttings, everything you need is laid in the soil at once and once, you will need 2 autumn dressings.
The first autumn liquid root dressing
Held around the beginning of September. While it is warm, it is not dangerous to pour fertilizer for roses in the fall. The liquid will be absorbed, the earth will dry out. For the first time, you can take, at choice, at the rate of 10 liters of water.
- superphosphate - 1.5 tbsp. spoons
- potassium monophosphate - 1 tbsp. the spoon.
- superphosphate - 1.5 tbsp. spoons
- potassium sulfate - 2 tsp.
4 liters is enough for 1 bush. Phosphorus with potassium will well prepare the bushes for wintering, there will be less losses even during severe frosts.
Second autumn feeding
The second time before the very frosts, solutions are not used, frozen water is of little use for the roots. Therefore, at the beginning of autumn, fertilizers are poured, and just before winter they are embedded in the soil dry or fed on a leaf.
For the second podzimney feeding, it is often recommended to use the same substances, only in dry form. Maybe so, but why after a short period of time feed the same plant again with the same. It is better to put a third of a bucket of humus in the ground around the rose in a circle, mulching everything with compost or peat. There will be more sense from organics.
This advice makes sense: before winter, spray the plants with a hot, up to 65 ° C, solution of superphosphate or ash. For the first bucket of water - 2.5 tbsp. spoons, the second - 2/3 liter cans.
As for feeding for the first time, the listed fertilizers are quite enough. If you wish, you can reduce something, add some substances, but in the main - the amount of applied drugs - it should be mandatory. As a last resort, it is better to add less than give a large dose.
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