Ahimenez is really very handsome and charming. A wild plant, discovered in the 18th century, has long been introduced into culture and today it can decorate any room. The native land of Achimenis is the territory of Central and South America. Here, all the beauty of flowering can be observed all year round. At home, the flower goes into a dormant state for some time.
The plant has many varieties, which are characterized by creeping, long stems that hang down. The shape of the leaves of the flower is oval, the surface is pubescent. The leaf itself is thin, sometimes, below it has a reddish tint. Achimenises have a lush and abundant flowering, which is replete with different colors. It can be white, red or purple, there are also pink stripes and specks.
The plant is incredibly fond of warmth. Its name is associated with this property - Achimenes. Where the letter A means "no", and "chimenes" in translation means cold.
Popular types and varieties of achimenes
There are only a few varieties of Achimenis, but a lot of its varieties have been bred. Most often in culture, you can find long-flowered, large-flowered and hybrid achimenes.
This plant reaches a height of 30 cm. It has elongated, leaning leaves, color is light green, with a slight fluff. Large flowers are located in the axils of the leaves, growing singly. Most often it is used as an ornamental, ampelous plant.
The homeland of the flower is Mexico, it grows up to 60 cm. It has long large leaves. The flowers grow in pairs from the leaf axil, the color is purple-red.
This variety is the most common, formed by crossing several species. It has pointed leaves, rather long, pubescent and toothed. Such plants differ in the duration of flowering, color and flower shape.
Also, Achimenes are divided according to the form of growth:
By the appearance of the flower:
By color, where groups are collected with similar shades:
- Yellow and ivory
- Purple and lilac color
- Navy blue and light blue
- Pale pink and rich coral
- Bright red
The most common varieties of achimenes
Blue Star - a variety where the flowers are large, in which the corollas are painted in blue-violet color. The petals themselves are wavy with teeth and a spot at the throat, a brown shade, reminiscent of strokes. The plant's stems are straight, the rhizome is white.
Peach Cascade - the name emphasizes the color of the flowers, peach-orange. The variety was bred in 2009. The richness of the color depends on the lighting, it does not fade in the sun. The variety is not ampelous, although the shoots are inclined.
Serge Saliba - a plant with ordinary flowers, the edges of which are pink or orange, and the middle is yellow.
There are many varieties that are distinguished by hanging stems with abundant flowering.
Glory - a small bush with leaves of bright greenery and flowers of an unusual color. The flower itself is bright red, and inside is a yellow spot with brown dashes. Blooms profusely.
Double Pink Rose - has a lush and long-lasting flowering. Flowers are pale pink in color with a thick fringe, leaves are narrow in shape.
Ash King (Purple King) - the variety was bred for a long time and is still popular. Erect stems, large purple flowers. It blooms in spring and stops flowering only in late autumn.
Solin (Sauline) - flowers are small, yellowish, edges with small teeth, vague purple along the border, yellow-lemon throat. The plant has a pineal rhizome, elongated, erect stems.
Lavender Fancy - medium flowers with a touch of lavender, have a creamy spot and brown stripes. The stem is claret, the leaves are light green. Refers to ampelous.
Peach Blossom - corolla of pale pastel pink color, in the center a purple spot. Leaves are double color - dark green up, burgundy bottom. Ampelous stems, abundant color.
Ahimenes - home care and cultivation
Good plant care is a guarantee of beauty and long-term flowering. Observing the simple rules for keeping such a plant, you can admire the abundance of its colors for 4 months.
Location and lighting
A young plant that has not yet bloomed can be placed on a window on the south side, slightly shading from the direct rays of the sun. To a greater extent, Achimenes prefers well-lit places, but it all depends on the stage of development. With the onset of flowering, it is still better to rearrange the plant to a less sunny side. The lack of light can be understood by the state of the flower: its stems will stretch out and they will be bare.
Important! A plant with dark leaves loves light more than light ones.
For the successful maintenance of a flower, compliance with the temperature regime is very important. From spring to autumn, during the active growth and development of achimenes, the temperature should be 22-24 ° C. In winter, during the dormant period, 15-18 ° C is sufficient. Only the temperature must be reduced gradually, the roots must gain strength for a comfortable wintering.
In summer, where the temperature outside at night does not fall below 20 ° C, you can safely keep the plant outdoors.
When a plant is in vigorous growth and blooming, it requires good hydration, abundant and regular. The water should be warm and soft. A flower in a dormant state is not watered at all.
Important! You need to water carefully, only the root, moisture should not get on the leaves and flowers.
Since this is a tropical plant, the humidity of the air for its content should be 60%. At the same time, you cannot spray the flower. To humidify the air, it is enough to put a pot of achimenes in a tray with damp pebbles.
An excellent option for achimenes would be a drained, slightly acidic, light soil. Its optimal composition: two parts of leafy soil and one part of sand and peat.
Top dressing and fertilizers
At the time of development and flowering, the plant needs frequent feeding, about once every 10-14 days. After waking up or transplanting, fertilization can be done no earlier than after 1.5 months. Most often, an ordinary complex fertilizer used for flowering indoor flowers is suitable for such purposes.
For more branching of the plant, you need to pinch the early shoots, approximately near the second or third leaf. The only minus of pinching is that flowering will come a little later. It is also worth making sure that there are no faded buds, they need to be removed in time and given space for new ones.
After each wintering of achimenes, namely in the spring, it is necessary to transplant a flower. It takes time and attention. When the dormant time ends, the rhizomes are taken out of the pot and freed from the soil to bare tubers. Then all the tubers must be carefully reviewed: discard the old ones, and leave the healthy and young (rhizomes).
The root system also needs to be carefully examined. Dark brown roots are no longer viable. If mold is found on the roots, they must be soaked in a fungicide and planted only after that. If there is a lot of mold on the tubers, it is better to throw them away.
For transplantation, you can use soil intended for cyclamens. And it is better if it is diluted with vermiculite and sand. Be sure to drain 1/3 of the container at the bottom of the pot. Then comes the soil, then sand - tubers are laid in it, and sprinkled with the remaining soil on top. Now everything needs to be watered.
Important! Achimenes of different varieties cannot be planted in one container. They may differ in the speed of development. It is better to take shallow but wide pots.
When buying a blooming flower, it is better to refuse a transplant. If these are young shoots that woke up only after a dormant period and did not transplant, information can be obtained from the seller, then the new soil will not damage the plant.
Reproduction of achimenes
There are three breeding options for achimenes: rhizomes, cuttings and seeds.
Propagation by rhizomes
If there is a desire to grow another flower, just when transplanting in the spring, you can plant one or two rhizomes in a separate pot.
Propagation by cuttings
They are taken from new shoots. They are gently cut and placed in wet sand mixed with leafy soil for rooting. From above, the stalk is closed with a glass jar or a cut plastic bottle. We must not forget about moisturizing and airing. In two weeks, the first formations in the form of tubers will appear. After 15 days, the young plant can already grow in the soil intended for adult flowers and be kept according to all the rules.
After the plant has bloomed, green boxes with seeds remain hanging on it. Within 2 months, they should ripen - this is the only way to get seeds. It is better to sow seeds from February to March in a prepared mixture of sand and leafy earth. You do not need to sprinkle on top with anything. It is moistened with a spray bottle, then placed in a dark place, while everything must be covered with film or glass.
The most suitable temperature for germination is 22-24 ° C. Watering, during this period, should only be bottom. After 15-20 days, germination can be observed. After that, you need a seating arrangement so that there is room between the shoots and the roots have a place for development. It will take 2 months and young plants can be planted in separate pots.
Ahimenez during the rest period in winter
The dormant period for Achimenes begins in mid-autumn, towards the end of October. At the end of flowering, you need to sharply limit watering. The plant dries up little by little, and the roots, preparing for winter, absorb all the juices. The completely dried ground part of the flower must be cut off, and the container with the root placed in a place where it is dark and cool (16-18 ° C). You can not water at all or do it carefully - once a month.
In no case should the plant wake up ahead of time. But if something like that still happened, then the pot needs to be placed in a lighted place and its daylight hours should be extended for full development.
Diseases and pests
If you violate the mode of comfortable keeping the plant, then it may undergo the development of gray rot. This can happen due to a sharp change in temperature or high humidity. With such a problem, it is necessary to reduce watering and rid the plant of damaged areas.
Of the parasites, thrips, aphids and spider mites can harm Ahimenes. Insecticides are excellent helpers in the fight against harmful insects.
Difficulties in caring for achimenes
The temperature must not be higher than 24 ° C. If the buds turn brown, this means that the plant is not comfortable in the heat.
When using cold water for watering, achimenes leaves may turn brown spots.
Dry and falling leaves indicate that there is too much fertilization. With frequent but gentle watering, the problem can be corrected. There may also be another reason for such a nuisance - it is overheating of the soil. You need to think if everything was done correctly when keeping the flower.
Last year I had a petunia growing on my balcony. This year my mother suggested to me to plant Ahimenes and gave part of her harvest with rhizomes (rhizomes are such nodules from which Ahimenes grows). I decided to give it a try. The result even exceeded my expectations.
I got two varieties: Ice Tea (salmon color) and Belinda (purple), because With the rize of these varieties, my mother had "heaps", and so others grow in her. But I also like these two very much. I planted it in a narrow window box 120 cm, universal soil after last year's petunia + expanded clay drainage. Fertilized with Fasco's chopsticks for flowering rooms, it took 6 sticks for the whole box. Rizom planted about 20 pieces, mixed, I think it looks so cute. And periodically watered. Our balcony is on the south side, so all summer the balcony windows are half-closed with blinds.
In general, the care is simple: feed it once, water (but not flood!) And from time to time remove wilted flowers. Experienced growers also pinch the seedlings 2-3 times through 2 leaves to get a more lush bush. I didn't pinch.
Ahimenes has sooooo many varieties, there are ampelous / upright, simple / double, small-flowered / large-flowered, probably a million different colors too. In short, for every taste. Both flowers and leaves are very beautiful and decorative.
I will show you my varieties separately.
The flowers are large. The corolla is claret-pink with a peach tint in the center, the edges of the petals are wavy. The yellow throat has burgundy dots and strokes. The leaves are dark green, burgundy below. Brown stems, erect shoots. Rhizomes are oblong, lilac-violet.
Large-flowered variety with powerful shoots requiring support and large purple flowers. Belinda's flower is very feminine: slightly wavy, slightly textured and with small teeth along the edge. In general, it resembles a varietal pansy flower. Super abundant flowering. The leaves are large, dark, similar in shape and size to cherry leaves.
Perfect flowers for the balcony! Next year I will plant them.
What to do if the leaves of indoor flowers fall?
In woody houseplants, sudden leaf fall may be the result of prolonged drought.
If your indoor flower is dropping leaves, analyze if you are watering it correctly. In winter and autumn, for example, most indoor plants only need to be watered once or twice a month.
What if the leaves curl and turn red before falling?
Curling and reddening of the leaves may be due to the fact that your flower has been burned by direct sunlight. In this case, move it to the shade, renew the topsoil in the pot, spray the diseased flower with Epinol.
What if the leaves fall off green, but some of them seem to be shriveled?
Most likely, these symptoms indicate that your plant has suffered from dry air or improper watering - too often or, conversely, too rare. In this case, regular spraying with water and revision of the irrigation schedule in accordance with agrotechnical requirements will help. It is advisable to remove bare shoots, but even better - to transplant the plant into fresh soil with fertilizer.
What if the leaves curl up and fall off?
These are clear signs that the plant is frozen. Check for drafts in the room. Another possible reason is the constant waterlogging of the soil.
What if the lower leaves fall?
If the plant sheds precisely the lower leaves, while the leaves fall dry, then the flower is probably unevenly illuminated, it has little light. In addition, the reason may be dry land or air temperature that is too high for the plant, or its insufficient humidity.
What if a recently purchased flower drops its leaves?
Very often, indoor flowers after transplanting or when moving (from the store to your home, or even from room to room) are stressed and, as a result, shed their leaves. Do not worry if several leaves have fallen, but if a real leaf fall has begun, take urgent action. The normal period of plant acclimatization lasts no more than two weeks.
What to do if leaves fall from tuberous and bulbous indoor plants?
For bulbous and tuberous plants (tuberous begonia, indoor feces, hymenokallis, amaryllis) leaf fall is a natural phenomenon... After the leaves die off, leave the plant in the same pot without replanting, limit watering and wait for the period of active growth to begin. Ahimenez and canna can be kept in moistened peat at such a time, and before the start of active growth, they can be moved to a pot with fresh soil.
For the winter, figs and indoor pomegranate leaves can be dropped if the room is not light enough. Leave them in a pot, water less often, new leaves will appear on the plants in the spring.
What to do if buds and flowers fall?
Usually, the buds and flowers of indoor plants are shed in poor lighting, lack of moisture, and when the soil is oversaturated with nitrogen. Certain types of pests and nutritional deficiencies can also deprive your plant of flowers and buds. Examine the flower for unwanted guests and feed.
Reproduction and care of achimenes
You can grow these indoor flowers at home, observing the following conditions:
- at the beginning of growth - direct sunlight
- watering with warm water in the evening or in the morning from below, wick watering is possible
- weekly top dressing with universal fertilizer for flowers
- compliance with a dormant period from September to February at a temperature of +20 ° C and dry content.
In February, rhizomes of achimenes are densely, several pieces (4-5), laid out on the surface of a pot with a diameter of 10-16 cm, covered with a soil mixture for flowers with a layer of 1.5-2 cm.
The optimum temperature for flowering and development is +24 o C ... + 27 o C. When rhizomes germinate, they need bright direct sunlight. When the buds are formed, the location of the achimenes is changed, rearranged in partial shade. This method allows you to achieve a friendly, abundant flowering, saturated bright color of the petals, clear strokes, lines at the throat of the corolla.
Ahimenes: care and cultivation
I have known the Gesneriev family for a long time: a neighbor had gorgeous gloxinia for a long time, my mother had a violet. But with Ahimenes I met quite recently, but I feel that I have fallen in love with them forever!
At the beginning of April this year, they sent me the rhizomes of Achimenes by mail. Rhizome is a creeping root-like underground stem of some plants. Eight small rhizomes of Achimenes were packed in small plastic bags. Some of them were a little dry. And in general it was hard to believe that something worthwhile would grow out of these bare "sticks".
I prepared eight small bowls, took a ready-made commercially available universal soil, moistened it and spread the rhizomki on top of it, sprinkling it with dry soil. I put it in a warm place (+23 ° С). It did not take long to wait for the shoots. Akhimenes of two varieties emerged in 5 days, and I put the plant in a bright place near the eastern window. Two weeks after disembarkation, all the bowls were in the light, because by this time even the "slow-witted" rhizomes had sprouted.
Plant care consisted of watering. I did not overmoisten the soil, but I also did not let it dry out, since both would negatively affect their condition. The first ahimones (purple, large, with a yellow "eye") blossomed in early June. A week later, blue flowers with a white "eye" blossomed, then white flowers with a blue mesh and then light pink. So, in turn, my multi-colored "eyes" delighted me.
Achimenes bloom for a long time, the main thing is to provide them with a bright place (but without the sun), sufficient moisture and feeding every 10-14 days (preferably with fertilizer for flowering plants, but any other is possible).
Ahimenes helped me understand: you can enjoy the flowering of plants without making titanic efforts.
An important point when keeping Achimenes is an annual transplant in spring into fresh nutrient soil. This will provide the plants with full bloom. The composition of the pound does not play a special role, the main thing is that it is loose. To do this, it is useful to add crushed sphagnum moss to the ground.
Three years ago I saw flowering Achimenes at my friend's house, and since then they are one of my favorite plants. Now my collection numbers about 90 varieties, and I'm sure this is just the beginning! Such a variety of colors, abundance and duration of flowering will not leave anyone indifferent.
Ahimenes is a seasonal plant. In winter, he begins a dormant period, during which the plant does not need watering. Ahimenes are ideal for balconies, loggias, as they like ventilation and natural air circulation. Throughout the growing season, they need regular and moderate watering, without waterlogging and overdrying the earthy coma. It is also very important to choose the optimal soil for planting plants. I compose it from leafy soil, purchased soil based on peat, old humus or vermicompost and charcoal. Then in this soil mixture I plant the rhizome of achimenes (an underground scaly rhizome that forms at the end of the growing season in the substrate), after which I lightly water the soil. During the germination stage (February-March), the plant will need bright natural light.
Abundant and long flowering is the main feature of the Achimenes. In many varieties, it is so active that the leaves are simply hidden behind the cap of the flowers. Flowers are formed from May to October, they have a very different shape and color. There are varieties of bush, tall, mini, self-branching (when a fluffy bush with abundant flowering is formed from one rhizome without pinching). For hanging pots, you can pick up ampelous varieties that form beautiful flowering cascades.
Looking at the beauty, I'm just sure that once you grow these plants, you will never part with them.