Is it possible to grow corn in the country, and what is required for this?
The boiled corn that is sold on the market does not inspire much confidence - who knows how it was grown and what chemicals were used. But sometimes you really want to enjoy a freshly boiled ear, the bright taste of which you remember from childhood. And how many healthy tasty dishes can be prepared with the addition of corn kernels, if they were sold in every store!
We provide the best conditions for corn
That is why growing corn in the country is becoming the only viable option for those who love natural products and take care of their health. Growing this unpretentious plant on your site, you will not only get tasty and healthy corn grains, but you can also collect corn silk, which are recommended for liver treatment in folk medicine, and at the same time decorate the area with tall, spectacular plants with bright green foliage.
It remains only to figure out how to grow corn in the country in order to get high-quality cobs. Regular watering alone will not be enough to achieve the desired result. It is also necessary to take into account which neighbors can plant corn next to, when to plant it, and how to take care of the plants in the future.
Since the main areas where corn is grown on an industrial scale are in the south of the country, many Russians are of the opinion that this herbaceous crop grows well only in warm climates. However, a temperate climate is also quite suitable for its cultivation, as long as the soil is slightly acidic and well fertilized. The land for planting corn needs to be prepared in the fall, especially if you are interested in growing early corn. Choose a place on the site that is well protected from cold winds, dig up the soil and immediately apply phosphorus and organic fertilizers to it.
For soil with high acidity, lime will also be required. You can grow corn in the country next to cucumbers, tomatoes, pumpkins, beans and beans. The most successful will be the neighborhood with a pumpkin, the extensive leaves of which protect the corn roots from weeds and overheating, as well as with beans, which saturate the soil with nitrogen, and corn will serve well for beans as a convenient support for weaving. It is not recommended to just plant corn next to celery or beetroot.
For soil with high acidity, lime will also be required.
How to grow corn step by step
It is possible to plant corn seeds in the ground only when the danger of frost has passed. So, in the southern regions, planting in mid-May is allowed, for the northern regions, the period from late May to early June is more suitable. If the soil is too wet or not warmed up enough, seed germination will be significantly reduced.
To increase the resistance of corn to low temperatures and to extend the period of its growth (so that the cobs have time to fully ripen), it is better to pre-plant the seeds in peat pots at the beginning of May. Then, by the twentieth of May, young sprouts will already have two or three leaves, and the finished seedlings can be safely planted in the garden.
Video about growing corn
Basic rules for growing corn in the country:
- corn should be planted in rows (for better pollination), with row spacing of 60 cm;
- place plants in a row at a distance of 15 cm;
- the seeds are buried in the soil by about seven centimeters;
- when the seedlings have four leaves, the plants are thinned out;
- the aisles should be weeded and loosened regularly;
- corn from time to time is fed with mullein and spud;
- while the roots develop inward, frequent watering is not required, and after the formation of panicles, you need to water the plants as the earth dries up;
- It is recommended to remove the lateral shoots from corn in order to obtain large cobs.
You can determine that it is time to pick the cobs by the color of the corn stigmas
Subject to these rules, growing corn in the country gives excellent results. Early varieties can be harvested from mid-August, and later varieties will ripen by the end of August. You can tell if the cobs are about to be picked by the color of the corn stigmas - in ripe corn they turn brown and dry out.
Sweet corn is an annual crop belonging to the category of cereals. In height, its stems can reach 3-5 m, cobs are formed on female inflorescences located along the stem. Men form empty "panicles". The root system of the plant is strong, and the so-called aerial roots often appear at the level of the lower nodes.
The leaves are large, lanceolate, sometimes up to 1 m in length. Sweet corn is grown in areas for the sake of the ears, presented in the form of a cone, densely covered with grains of rich yellow color. Rare varieties may even have purple or black hues, but such corn is not common in the middle lane.
The grains are served to the table as soon as they reach milky or milky-wax ripeness. Those. in the initial phase of its ripening, when the elements of the cob are still easily squeezed by the fingers, releasing juice from themselves. Of all cereals, only corn is harvested at this point: oats, wheat and similar crops require entry into a more mature stage. The product can be used in any of these phases both raw and thermally processed.
For the formation of the root system, good growth of the aboveground part of the plant and the development of the ears, the crop needs good soil fertilization. Fertilizer for corn must necessarily consist of:
- phosphorus, which helps the grain to germinate
- potassium in order to strengthen immunity to numerous diseases and contribute to the growth of green mass in the plant
- nitrogen to support the growth of leaves and stems
- calcium, which lowers the acidity of the soil and promotes the formation of root hairs in corn.
For the first time, fertilizers are applied before planting, with deep plowing. For 1 square meter of land you will need: 50-60 g of organic fertilizers, 200 g of potassium, 400 g of superphosphate.
By themselves, organic fertilizers in the form of manure help corn to develop actively, saturating it as much as possible with all the necessary elements. First of all, they promote the development of beneficial microorganisms to the soil, which facilitate the absorption of nutrients.
If the cultivation of corn in the country takes place in an excessively acidic soil, liming should be carried out. To do this, use 3 kg of lime per 10 square meters.
What kind of corn to plant in the country: the best varieties for home growing
As a rule, sweet corn is planted at home. It is better to use early-maturing hybrids, the growing season of which is 60-80 days from germination. Divine paper, Krasnodar sugar grade, Aurika, I Megaton - the best sweet tasty varieties that can be boiled, frozen, processed into flour or starch. More information about early, mid and late maize varieties can be found here.
To summarize, we note that the sowing of corn is carried out in different ways. Several factors affect the technology, the scheme, the interval between plants, the planting time - climate, weather, characteristics of the variety and the timing of ripening. The longer maize has a growing season, the earlier it needs to be planted.
How to plant corn with seeds in the open field: video
Chemistry and fertilizers
In February, you can already take care of mineral fertilizers and pesticides, allowing you to fight diseases and various pests of vegetable and horticultural crops. In parallel with this, the repair of greenhouses and greenhouses continues.
We save the testes
Throughout the winter, great attention should be paid to the seeds of carrots, beets, cabbage and other vegetable crops. It is necessary to monitor their safety and remove spoiled copies in time.
Heating up biofuel
In February, it is already possible to start work on heating biofuel and transporting organic fertilizers to the garden.
It will not be superfluous to have a lesson on the manufacture of peat and humus pots and nutrient cubes.
In southern Russia, in February, they begin to vernalize potato tubers (to grow early potatoes), carrot and onion seeds.
You can already sow seeds of early and cauliflower, tomatoes, peppers, eggplants for seedlings in a greenhouse or in sowing boxes, sow radishes and plant onions on a feather. And of course, to continue everything that has been started and not done in the country and in the garden in the previous months.
In general, February makes everyone live in anticipation of the arrival of spring and new pleasant spring troubles at their summer cottage. He makes you shake off the winter numbness and actively engage in the usual and pleasant garden troubles.
Yes, and throughout the winter, do not forget about our feathered helpers who help fight insect pests on the site. Set up feeders in the area and replenish them regularly. The birds will not forget this and will thank you during the summer season. I wish you success!
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Harvest pumpkins in dry weather before the first frost. The stalk is cut with a secateurs, the cut is powdered with crushed coal.
The fruits are kept in the sun for 1 day, and then they are placed in a cool, dry room for a week so that excess moisture evaporates and the bark becomes stronger.
Pumpkins are stored in a cool dry room at a temperature of 10-12 ° and an air humidity of 70-75%. The storage time depends on the variety and storage conditions. Some are best used until January-February, and winter varieties can lie for almost a year. Although their taste, of course, will become much worse.
Sowing in the ground
For sowing seeds of Levkoy in open ground, you should choose places in the sun and closed from the wind.
Any soil suits him, but, nevertheless, loamy fertilized with organic matter (exclude manure) and mineral fertilizers is preferable.
Hole preparation and planting
In April - May we prepare the holes. We place the holes at a distance of 25-30 cm from each other, water them with water and plant seedlings together with an earthen clod. As always, sprinkle dry soil around the plant and compact the soil. Levkoi, sown directly into the ground, will bloom late, only at the end of August.
Sowing under the snow
But, if you sow seeds in the ground, when the snow has not yet melted, then you can achieve early flowering. For this, the sowing grooves should be prepared in the fall. And in February, you need to push the snow apart, place seeds in the grooves (after 6-10 cm) and cover it with dry sand, and cover it with snow on top. Soaking the seeds is not necessary in this case.
Seedlings will appear in mid-May. In this case, the plant will bloom at the same time as the grown seedlings. And yet, in order for flowering levkoi to delight you all summer, you need, starting in February, to sow them every three weeks.
As for caring for levkoi, it consists of weeding weeds, regular watering, loosening the ground after rain and watering, fertilizing and pest control.
In the heat, the levkoy need watering, since a lack of moisture leads to wilting of the leaves and their folding. It is best to water it early in the morning and to the root.
After the levkoi have faded, they cannot be planted again in this place. In the same place, their cultivation can be continued only after three years. And this place must be given to petunias, godetia, clarkia. It will be wonderful for them here!
Cultivation of levkoy is not difficult, one might say, simple. You just need to observe the temperature regime and water regularly. And funny and bright terry Levkoy flowers will give you joy for 3 weeks.
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