Taiga is a fantastic Japanese clematis
Clematis Taiga is one of the recent achievements of breeders. The flower looks very unusual and exotic, so the gardeners immediately liked it. But in order for the plant to successfully take root in your area, you need to create optimal conditions for it and take care of it properly.
The history of the large-flowered clematis Taiga
Clematis Taiga, despite the name, associated with Siberian forests among Russian gardeners, was created in Japan by specialists from the Shigeaki Ochi company. It appeared recently, in 2016, and immediately interested amateur gardeners. The new hybrid was also appreciated by professionals - at the international exhibition Plantarium-2016 in the Netherlands, clematis won the Press Prize.
The flowers of Clematis Taiga are large, bright, double - very spectacular
Description of the plant
Taiga is a liana-like clematis, shoots reach 2–2.5 m in length. In width, it grows to 0.7–1 m. The hybrid is distinguished by its rapid growth rates. Shoots are self-fixed on the support with antennae. If it is not there, the stems curl along the ground. The leaves are dense green, the shape varies from the usual ellipso-or cordate to complex trifoliate.
The flowers are large, 12-15 cm in diameter. The peculiarity of clematis Taiga is their unusual transformation. Gradually, they turn from simple to thick double, at the same time changing color. The outer purple-violet petals, the largest, open first. They seem to be painted with watercolor paint, the shades flow into each other. Further, smaller petals of lilac-blue color with pale salad or lemon tips bloom (they sometimes curl). At the very end there is a bright yellow core. Flowering lasts all summer, from June to September.
On the shoots of clematis Taiga, there are flowers at different stages of opening at the same time.
Pruning group and climate suitable for the variety
The hybrid belongs to the third pruning group. The buds are formed only on the shoots of the current season. Last year's stems are unnecessary ballast for him. Therefore, pruning is necessarily carried out every autumn.
In terms of winter hardiness, Taiga belongs to the sixth zone. The critical minimum for this clematis is -23 ° C. It tolerates temperatures down to -15 ° C without shelter. For Russian gardeners, such frost resistance is a significant disadvantage. Among the shortcomings, the exactingness to lighting stands out: Taiga categorically cannot stand the shadow (the growth rate slows down sharply, very few buds are formed). Regular prevention of diseases and pests will also be required.
The simplest version of support for clematis is a plastic mesh with large cells
In landscape design, this clematis can be used to decorate any vertical surfaces - building walls, gazebos, arches, fences. With large tubs, Taiga can even be grown on the balcony.
Clematis Taiga can be grown not only outdoors: it is also planted at home, on the balcony (in the latter case, you need to pick up a very large pot)
Reproduction is possible only by vegetative methods (cuttings, rooting of cuttings, dividing the bush). To seedlings obtained from seeds, the varietal characteristics of hybrids are not transmitted.
Video: appearance of clematis Taiga
Planting a plant and further care
The place for planting clematis Taiga is chosen very carefully so that later you do not have to transplant the plant. Its root system is quite "sensitive", it takes a long time to get rid of any stress. An open place is suitable for him, illuminated by the sun as long as possible during the day. Draft protection is required, located at some distance from the plant. At the same time, the protection should not be continuous - clematis needs aeration. Shading and lack of fresh air provoke the development of fungal diseases. When planting Taiga next to a wall or a solid fence, step back from the support by at least 30-50 cm.
In direct sunlight, the petals of clematis Taiga do not fade, the more light for it, the better
The most suitable soil for this clematis is nutritious, loose, slightly acidic or neutral in pH. Heavy clayey, peaty, silty soil that does not allow moisture to pass through is categorically unsuitable - the roots in it will rot very quickly. For the same reason, areas where groundwater approaches the surface closer than a meter are excluded.
The root system of Taiga is developing quickly enough. To provide it with the necessary space, they dig a hole with a depth and diameter of about 60 cm.At the bottom, a drainage layer with a thickness of at least 10 cm is required. When planting several specimens at the same time, an interval of 40-50 cm is left between them.
The stagnation of water at the roots of clematis Taiga does not tolerate, therefore drainage must be poured into the planting pit
The optimum temperature for the growth and development of clematis Taiga is 24–29 ° C. He does not like either hypothermia or overheating of the soil at the roots. To avoid this (and at the same time to prevent the soil from drying out quickly, to prevent the growth of weeds), the base of the vines is mulched or a "carpet" is created from any annuals with a superficial root system.
Mulching the root area of clematis Taiga helps to solve several problems at once
Clematis Taiga is sensitive to moisture deficiency. Dry soil means shorter flowering times and smaller flowers. In the absence of precipitation, the vine is watered every 2-3 days (in the evenings), spending 20-30 liters of water per adult plant. In the heat, it is also desirable to spray once every 2 days, also in the evening or early in the morning.
Clematis Taiga reacts negatively to prolonged drought - the flowering period is reduced, the flowers are reduced in size
The liana is fed only when Taiga is not blooming. In early spring, nitrogen must be added (15–20 g per plant) to stimulate the growth of green mass and humus (7–8 l), maintaining soil fertility. Further, in April-May, twice a month, special fertilizers are applied for clematis, alternating with infusions of dandelion leaves, nettle, bird droppings, and manure. In September, the faded liana is fed twice more with an interval of 2 weeks, adding 20-25 g of potash fertilizers at a time.
Purchased top dressing for clematis is more useful - they contain the macro- and microelements necessary for the plant in the right proportion
Taiga needs a garter only in the early stages of development, when it is necessary to fix the stems on a support and set the direction of growth. The procedure is carried out annually - the third pruning group means that every autumn all available shoots are radically shortened. In the first year, "stumps" are left with a height of 30 cm, in the second - 40 cm, then - 50 cm. Dried, broken at the base, affected by diseases and pests, shoots are cut to the point of growth.
Clematis Taiga belongs to the third group: he needs radical pruning every year (the shoots of the last season will not bloom anyway)
Low frost resistance for Russia makes it necessary to carefully cover this clematis for the winter. The base of the vine is covered with a thick (20–25) cm layer of fallen leaves, straw, and spruce branches are thrown over. Sawdust is not suitable for this - they absorb moisture, which contributes to the freezing of the roots, and in the spring - to the preheating of the root collar. Arches for the greenhouse are installed on top, pulling on them in 3-4 layers a dense air-permeable covering material.
Video: planting and caring for clematis of the third pruning group
The most common disease of clematis taiga is fusarium. The leaves, starting from the lowest ones, are covered with yellow, gradually brownish spots. Then the affected tissues dry up, holes are formed, as a result, the whole plant withers and dies. For the prevention and treatment of the disease, copper-containing preparations are used (copper sulfate, Bordeaux liquid, Previkur, Maxim, Topaz) - the concentration of the solution and the frequency of treatments are determined by the instructions.
Fusarium clematis, if not dealt with, leads to the death of the plant
Due to errors in care associated with waterlogging of the soil, verticillary wilting (wilt) develops. Shoots lose their tone, turn black and dry. The process is very fast, it takes 3-5 days. Due to this course of the disease, it is no longer possible to save clematis. Prevention - watering with a solution of any fungicide in early spring and mid-autumn, during the season - dusting the bases of the shoots and soil with wood ash every 10-15 days.
With verticillium, the plant can no longer be helped - the process goes too quickly
Of the pests, clematis Taiga most often suffers from aphids, slugs, and snails. To scare them away, herbs and flowers are planted near the plants, the aroma of which is unpleasant for them - any spicy greens, marigolds, calendula, wormwood. The roots can gnaw the bears.
Pests dangerous for clematis Taiga in the photo
Reviews of gardeners about the variety
The transformations of the clematis Taiga flower, which changes shape and color during the summer, look very impressive. Among its other advantages are the duration of flowering and the relative lack of capriciousness in care. Of course, the plant needs competent agricultural technology, but nothing supernatural is required from the gardener.
[Votes: 1 Average: 5]
All about clematis-vines - description of plant species
Clematis serve as a decoration for a garden or flower bed. They dominate annuals both in the height of the vines and in the beauty of the flowers. One of the charming varieties is Clematis Ashva.
- Classification of clematis
- List for Moscow region
- Betty Corning
- Ville de Lyon
- General Sikorsky
- Diamond Ball
- Duches of Edinburgh
- Nelly Moser
- Nikolay Rubtsov
- Purpua Plena Elegance
- Winter hardiness of clematis Taiga
- Viticella Group
- Jacquemann's group
- Patens group
- Video on how to grow clematis and properly care for them
- Purple Clematis (Clematis viticella L.)
- Variety - Kermezina (Kermesina)
- Variety - Dwarf (Gnom)
- Diseases of clematis
- The soil
- Planting clematis
- Support for clematis
- Pruning clematis
- Clematis: planting and care in the open field
Description of hybrid clematis variety "Niobe" should begin with the fact that the plant is a climbing liana, for the successful growth of which a support is needed, for which it will cling to its antennae. The culture reaches a height of 2.5 to 3 meters, so it cannot grow by itself. The cultivar is large-flowered. Buds open somewhere in the second week of May, and close in the third week of June. The second time flowering occurs at the junction of June and July and continues until the end of September. The buds on the bush open twice, since last year's shoots and those that have just appeared are blooming separately.
The opened flowers have a beautiful maroon hue, which over time becomes closer to ruby. Velvet petals shimmer beautifully in the sun. The diameter of the open bud is about 15 centimeters, and the number of sepals varies from six to eight. Both elongated stamens and pistils have a bright yellow saturated color. The first two years of life, clematis "Niobe" does not bloom too abundantly, a large number of flowers appear only in the third or fourth year.
The plant bears fruit with a small nut filled with seeds. The color of the leaves ranges from light green to dark green. The plates themselves have pointed ends and prominent veins. The fibrous root system goes quite deep into the ground.
Clematis "Niobe" is a frost-resistant variety. Its roots can withstand up to -35 winter frosts, which makes it possible to grow a crop in most natural areas of Russia. The plant tolerates the lack of watering, except for hot days, accompanied by strong winds. The plant reacts poorly to excess moisture in the ground.
In general, clematis is considered a rather demanding plant in terms of care, but with proper efforts, even a novice gardener will succeed in growing it.
Description of Clematis Rouge Cardinal
The word "clematis" refers to a branch of grapes. Rouge indicates the depth of the purple-red color of the sepals. The name of the variety "Red Cardinal" harmoniously suits this gorgeous blooming liana.
The plant belongs to the herbaceous clematis of the Buttercup family. The bush grows up to 4 m in height, forming a complex vertical weaving. The variety is characterized by accelerated growth in warm weather. Over the summer, with proper care, it can give up to 5 shoots.
In addition to flowers, vines are adorned with its leaves. They are not too large, trifoliate, and have a rich green color characteristic of pinnacles. The variety belongs to group C - "Zhakman", which indicates the formation of flowers on the shoots of the current season. Clematis Rouge Cardinal is a large-flowered bush. From July to early autumn, it pleases the owners of the plots with velvet flowers (16 - 20 cm in diameter) with pale purple anthers.
Frost resistance, drought resistance
Clematis rhizome of the Rouge Cardinal variety is massive and branched, growing into the ground up to a meter deep. Thanks to the efforts of breeders, the plant pleases with flowering and residents of a more severe climate with a short summer period. Clematis is well cultivated and tolerates frost - it belongs to the varieties of the frost resistance zone 4 - 9. Despite this, the preparation of vines for winter must be carried out correctly. He loves watering, but does not accept excessive flooding of the roots - when planting, it is necessary to lay a drainage layer.
Watering clematis is recommended twice a week. Water regularly and abundantly as the top layer dries. It is enough to pour 10 - 20 liters of water under an adult bush. The best time to water and irrigate the deciduous part is in the evening, when the sun's rays are less aggressive. After absorbing water, in the absence of mulch, the soil should be loosened to ensure respiration of the root system.
The variety feels comfortable in the central regions of Russia. However, there is evidence that it can withstand severe winters with sub-zero temperatures down to -30. Clematis Rouge Cardinal, whose photo is presented below, is an ideal option for vertical decoration of dachas and household plots in the Moscow region, an attractive element of landscape design.
Disease and pest resistance
Caring for a shrub is not particularly difficult, provided that it is not affected by a disease or a parasite. If signs of the disease are detected, efforts should be directed to arresting the destructive process. Rouge Cardinal variety can be affected by:
- fungus - fusarium and wilt
- spider mite
Liana can be saved if the onset of the disease is detected in a timely manner. However, the likelihood that the vital activity of parasites will affect the quality of flowering is quite high.
Description of the variety
The appearance of the plant and flowers. How is it used in site design
Liana reaches a height of more than three meters and has a developed root system. For its decorative qualities, resistance to different climatic conditions, Clematis Cardinal Vyshinsky was awarded a Gold Medal at the end of the last century.
Landscape designers include it in their compositions like a climbing plant. You can often see how the liana spreads over the site, creating bright islands near the garden pavilions. Clematis Cardinal Vyshinsky is successfully cultivated in tubs.
The size of the leaves of this variety is impressive. They can reach a length of 8 cm. The bright green color of the leaves adds decorativeness to the plant.
The roots of this herbaceous vine go underground to a depth of about a meter. From them, many shoots appear every spring, with a thick cap of leaves.
The diameter of the flowers of Cardinal Vyshinsky reaches 14 cm, and with proper care, all 20 cm.
The color of the flowers is from dark pink to deep red. The flower petals are characterized by wavy edges and a bend towards the peduncle. Stamens have a special color. The white base and dark red tops are eye-catching.
Characteristics of the variety: pruning group, winter hardiness, heat resistance. Soil and optimal conditions for growth and flowering
Clematis Cardinal Vyshinsky is a light-loving plant. In a lighted place it blooms from early summer to September. For almost four months, clematis does not lose its decorative properties. The creators of the herbaceous hybrid recommend planting it at any exposure. It can be north, south, west or east.
It is worth noting that strong sunshine can reduce the richness of the color of flowers, and there will be slightly less of them on the northern side.
Clematis Cardinal Vyshinsky belongs to the third pruning group, since the buds are formed on the branches of the current year. Before the onset of winter, the plant is cut to the second node or under the root, and sprinkled with mulching material for successful wintering.
For the normal development of vines, Clematis Cardinal Vyshinsky suitable fertile, but light enough, with a loose earth structure... The acidity of the soil should ideally be neutral or with a slight deviation from this indicator in one direction or another.
- Acidic soils are alkalinized by adding lime at the rate of 230 grams per square meter.
- With a high level of groundwater in the planting pit, drainage is arranged. It can be coarse sand or pebbles.
The reasons for the popularity of the variety, its benefits. Objective flaws and difficulties
- liana can be planted in any corner of the site or garden, without taking into account the cardinal points
- grows equally well on the sunny side and in the shade
- plant roots, in case of damage, are able to quickly recover
- clematis "Cardinal Vyshinsky" can be used as a pot culture
- liana tolerates temperature jumps and frosts of 35 degrees well
- the plant does not lose its decorative appeal for 15 years, which makes it a profitable purchase.
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