Volzhanka - planting and care, types and varieties, photo and reproduction
Volzhanka, or Aruncus, belongs to the genus of flowering plants of the Pink family, whose representatives grow in the humid shade of regions with a temperate climate, as well as in the mountains of the Northern Hemisphere. The genus Volzhanka is small in number, but these plants are gradually gaining popularity in garden culture, so we decided to share with you the information about Volzhanka that we managed to find on the Internet.
Brief description and characteristics
The stems of the aruncus plant grow up to 2 m, lush inflorescences, panicles, which are often called "champagne spray", rise above them. The plant is shade-loving. Caring for him mainly consists of watering, loosening the soil in the near-trunk circle and pruning shoots in the fall. The plant is appreciated by gardeners for its spectacular, attractive appearance and pleasant smell of its inflorescences.
Volzhanka is often confused with astilba, but these are different cultures.
In water, cut branches of Volzhanka stand no more than two weeks, so it is better to make winter bouquets of them. Volzhanka branches with panicles at the ends should be hung upside down in a well-ventilated room and wait until they dry completely. This usually takes no more than two weeks. Once the branches are dry, they can be incorporated into a floral arrangement or simply placed in a vase without water.
In the photo: Volzhanka flowering
Types and varieties of Volzhanka
The tallest species of the genus Volzhanka dioecious grows up to 2 m in height. It has strong roots, a branched stem, beautiful dissected foliage, above which tall openwork panicles, consisting of small flowers, hover in cream or white clouds. Volzhanka dioecious bloom lasts from June to July. This species prefers partial shade, but if you plant it near a pond or lake, then Volzhanka can grow under the sun.
In the photo: Beautiful flowering Volzhanka
Leaves of miniature cut into small segments Volzhanka kokoryshilisty especially attractive in autumn: at first they turn red, and then acquire a bronze tint. In the middle of summer, the plant is covered with many inflorescences. Volzhanka kokoryshelistnaya does not need additional feeding, it prefers to grow on moist soil, near water bodies. Its lush bushes will look great between hellebore clumps, on a shady saxifrage carpet, or next to other small plants - liverworts, European hoof.
In the photo: Volzhanka in a flowerbed
The most popular of the varietal volzhanok are:
- Noble Spirit - a round shrub up to a quarter of a meter high, which blooms throughout June. After flowering, the leaves gradually acquire a peculiar reddish tint. Noble Spirit is often grown as a pot crop, as well as on curbs and mixborders;
- Asiatic - this variety can reach a height of 2 m. The plant has powerful roots, rough feathery leaves and lush white panicles up to 35 cm long from small flowers. This winter-hardy variety blooms throughout June, and the seeds ripen in early autumn;
- American - This perennial blooms for the first 3 weeks of summer. Its shoots form a dense thicket of a meter in height, but sometimes they can be higher. This Volzhanka grows very quickly: in one year, the branchy rhizome adds in length from 5 to 7 cm.
Volzhanki are durable: they can grow without transplant for 20 years. If you planted a plant in the sun, its white flowers may turn yellow under bright rays, so it is better to place the Volzhanka in a shady place, next to a fruit or coniferous tree.
The soil of the Volzhanka needs fertile and moist: the plant can tolerate even a prolonged excess of moisture in the roots.
If Volzhanka is planted correctly, then minimal care is required: the main thing is to cut off the inflorescences after they bloom, and in the fall, shorten the shoots to 5 cm.If Volzhanka suffers from thirst, its leaves begin to curl, and then you need to pour at least three warm buckets under the bush water. After watering, remove the weeds that have appeared around the bush and slightly loosen the soil.
When grown in poor soil, it is still advisable to feed the plant: during planting, you need to add 30 g of Nitrophoska or 2 kg of humus to the hole and mix them thoroughly with the ground so that the fertilizer does not come into contact with the roots of the plant; in the spring, nitrogen fertilizer should be applied to the root area, and after 2 weeks after that, water the soil around the plant with infusion of grass (weeds), filtering and diluting it with water. After flowering, the Volzhanka will need phosphorus-potassium fertilizers, and after applying them, you need to water the bush abundantly and mulch the surface with a layer of sawdust, coniferous litter or peat 5 cm thick.
Volzhanka is extremely rarely occupied by pests, almost does not get sick and tolerates winter frosts well.
Volzhanka can be propagated in different ways: by cuttings, seeds and dividing the bush.
Divide the Volzhanka bush is possible only when he reaches the age of five. The volzhanka is dug up and cut into pieces with a sharpened shovel or ax. A heavily overgrown bush that is difficult to pull out of the soil can be divided in a planting hole, and then pulled out of it in parts. For planting delenki, holes are dug with a depth and width of about 40 cm. Depending on the type and variety of volzhanka, delenki are planted at a distance of 80-120 cm from each other. A bucket of compost is poured into the pit, mixing it with the removed soil. After that, a seedling is placed in the pit, a bucket of water is poured out and the planting pit is filled with soil. With constant watering, the seedling quickly takes root and begins to bloom the next year.
For breeding Volzhanka cuttings cut the green tops of the shoots. They are stuck in loose soil, watered and shaded from the sun's rays.
Seeds Volzhanka is rarely propagated: they are harvested in early autumn and sown in a school. The next year, the seedlings dive with a step of 12-15 cm, and a year later they are planted in a permanent place. Volzhanka from seeds bloom only in the third spring.
Volzhanka in landscape design
Designers appreciate aruncus for its shade tolerance, ability to grow in dampness and high decorative qualities that the plant does not lose throughout the season: in summer it attracts attention with fresh green foliage and lace inflorescences, and in autumn - carved reddish or bronze foliage.
In the photo: Volzhanka in landscape design
In landscape design, Volzhanka is used both as a specimen and as a background plant in a group planting. In partial shade, the neighbors of the Volzhanka can be aconite, bells, geraniums, meadowsweet and purple foxglove, and in shady places it can grow next to ferns, miniacs, hosts and shititniks.
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Categories: Garden plants Perennials Herbaceous Flowering Pink (Rosaceae)
Features of the splinter
The herbaceous plant of chrysalis has erect or ascending shoots, their height varies from 0.1 to 0.3 m, as a rule, they have pubescence, but they are sometimes glabrous. The root system is strong but shallow and can grow in rocky soil. The creeping stems take root very well. Opposite whole small leaf plates, as a rule, have dense pubescence. White flowers, reaching 20 mm in diameter, have two-cut petals. The fruit is a cylindrical oblong box with brown seeds inside.
Planting eukomis in open ground
What time to plant
Planting eukomis bulbs in open soil is carried out in well-heated ground, after return spring frosts are left behind, as a rule, this time falls on the last days of May or June. If in your region there is a relatively cold and long spring, then in this case it is recommended to start sprouting the bulbs in a deep container filled with soil mixture, and they are transplanted to the site in the last days of March or in the first days of April. When planting a bulb for distillation, it should not be buried entirely in the soil mixture; the upper part should rise slightly above its surface.
Such a crop should be grown in a well-lit area that is protected from drafts and strong gusts of wind. The soil should be loose, light, well-drained and saturated with humus. To improve the moisture permeability of the soil, it should be dug up by adding gravel, river coarse sand or broken brick.
During planting, the bulbs, depending on their size, must be buried in the ground by 25–35 mm, while the distance between the bushes should be at least 15 centimeters, and the width between the rows should be from 0.3 to 0.4 meters.
Reproduction and planting
Further in the article we will talk about the cultivation of Astilba Arends, as the most common species in our gardens.
Choosing a landing site
Astilba is a plant with special requirements for its habitat (with the exception of the Chinese species, which is the most tolerant of the choice of planting site). Both species (Chinese and Arends) prefer semi-shady or shady areas, fertile, humic, well-drained, constantly slightly moist soils with a slightly acidic pH.
Key factors critical to growing Arends' Astilba:
- fertile, nutrient-rich soil
- high soil moisture.
Arends' astilbe grows best in shady, semi-shady places. However, they can easily cope with sunny places in conditions of very high soil moisture. In the sun it will grow less, bloom less abundantly.
This type of Astilba prefers soils:
- fertile, humus
- rich in minerals
- with acidic and slightly acidic pH (5.5-6.0), astilba does not tolerate alkaline soils
- the substrate should be sufficiently moist, it is worth mulching the soil with coniferous bark.
Although astilbes require a fertile substrate rich in nutrients and humus (it is recommended to fertilize every season in the spring, starting from the second year of cultivation), they do not tolerate mineral fertilizers. Therefore, the following should be added to the soil:
- well decomposed manure.
The plant should not be planted in close proximity to trees due to the space required for root development.
Astilba seedlings are planted at the same depth at which they grew in the nursery. In the case of poor soil, when planting astilba, they dig a hole deeper, a high-quality universal substrate is poured onto the bottom with an admixture of sour peat. Astilbe seedlings are buried 5 cm in the soil.
Astilba planting scheme in open ground:
- low grades - every 40 cm,
- high - every 50-60 cm.
Long-term cultivation in one place leads to depletion of the soil, so astilba must be replanted every few years. Better every 4-5 years.
This flower is rejuvenated by dividing old bushes. The newly obtained plants are immediately planted in the selected area at intervals of 40-60 cm (depending on the vigor and size of the variety). Astilbe is transplanted in the fall.
Astilbe flower is propagated in 3 ways:
- By division. Astilbe is often propagated by dividing old, well-developed bushes. Separation of the root ball is best done in the fall, after flowering. We dig out the bush and divide it into several parts with a sharp knife, carefully remove the lower dead parts of the roots. Plants are also propagated by division from March to May or November. From one old bush, you can get 10 new seedlings.
- Root processes. In the spring, from March to May, the plant propagates by root shoots, which makes it possible to quickly get seedlings.
- Sowing with seeds... Reproduction of astilba from seeds is possible in February and March, as well as in June and July. It is better to sow astilbe seeds for seedlings 2-3 pcs. in cassettes for seedlings. Cover with foil, airing containers periodically. The seeds will germinate in a month at temperatures around 20-22 degrees Celsius. When the leaves appear, the temperature should be lowered to 18 degrees Celsius, the humidity should be reduced.
When planting astilba in pots:
- in pots with a diameter of 11-12 cm - one seedling each,
- plants in pots with a diameter of 15 cm - 2-3 seedlings.
fertile, medium fertility, neutral
partial shade, scattered sun rays
cuttings, seeds, division
Volzhanka, or debtor, Is a real gift for "lazy" gardeners. After all, she is unpretentious, stable and fabulously beautiful. "Official", the Latin name of the tavolzhnik is sonorous - Aruncus, and translated funny - goat's beard. It was given, of course, for the appearance of the inflorescences. Sometimes Volzhanka can surprise with its compact appearance, changing its image of a large perennial, but its "calling card" - the lace of inflorescences - is certainly preserved.
All types of aruncus come from the temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere and differ in height, leaf structure, flowering period and, of course, in the shape and shade of the inflorescence. For our middle zone, Volzhanka is best suited: it grows on any soil, tolerates waterlogging, does not die even in severe winters with little snow, does not require shelter. In addition, she practically does not get sick, and pests do not annoy her.
Lover of shade, Volzhanka will give the corners of the garden a natural natural charm. She will feel great among trees and shrubs, along the banks of ponds and streams. For such plantings, large species and tall varieties are used. By the way, they will be excellent tapeworms against the background of a well-groomed lawn, and during flowering they can dominate even in a ceremonial flower garden, for example, monochrome white.
If you plant it correctly, the moisture-loving Volzhanka, the owner of a powerful root system, will show itself in all its glory. We prepare the planting hole with a size of at least 30x30x40 cm (with such dimensions, the plant will not "stick out" from the ground as the rhizome grows), fill it with humus.
We feed it annually, preferably in spring, with full mineral fertilizer at the rate of 20 g per 10 liters of water.
Volzhanka can grow in one place for a long time: there are cases when plants have not been dug up for seventy years. But over time, the inflorescences become smaller, flowering becomes more scarce. Adult, 4–5-year-old bushes can be dug up and cut with a knife. Older specimens sometimes have to be divided into parts using an ax and even a crowbar.
Prefers fertile soil.
Moisture-loving. With a lack of moisture at the end of flowering, the leaves dry out and begin to die off.
Grows well in partial shade. In open areas, regular watering is required.
Reproduction is mainly vegetative, rarely by seeds: they require stratification,
seedlings develop slowly, do not tolerate drying out of the soil. Flowering occurs no earlier than three years later.
Application in the garden, on the balcony
Lobelia can grow in the garden and on the balcony. On balconies, plants are planted in boxes or other containers. Blue lobelia looks good in combination with calendula, marigolds. Ampelous lobelia looks better in a pot, pots.
Lobelias can be planted as carpet or curb flowers. In the flowerbed, it can be accompanied by other annuals and perennials, for example:
Lobelia looks very nice in composition with:
- purple ageratum
- white and pink asters
- pink phlox
- white beetroot
- orange marigolds
Lobelias are suitable for cut flowers, especially for small bouquets.They can be used to create beautiful decorations, especially if we want to symbolically emphasize the atmosphere of the arrangement. The blue color symbolizes purity, freshness. Ampelous lobelia will brilliantly decorate window sills, racks, shelves.
Purple lobelias are commonly used as garden flowers. The ideal neighborhood for them is deciduous perennials or Erinus lobelia, which will perfectly fill the area around the plant. Purple lobelia also looks great on the balcony, planted in large pots.
Ampel varieties bush beautifully, forming a compact spherical shape. Thanks to this, they become a very effective decoration on the balcony or terrace. Plants can be hung in pots on gazebos, garden trellises, on which they look very beautiful.
Perennial lobelia is a plant whose decorative qualities attract florists. It is worth planting this beautiful flower in the garden and enjoying its view until late autumn.