Weigela, jasmine, honeysuckle and other shrubs
Ornamental shrubs make the garden unique
It is difficult to imagine a suburban area that can do without ornamental shrubs. The pink foam of weigela, the gentle severity of viburnum inflorescences, the honey aroma of mock-orange - all these are the delights of the beginning of summer, which have nothing to replace and nothing to confuse with.
Shrubs, depending on the tasks facing the one who conceived to make the space near the country house cozy, can play the role of the "protagonist" of the garden, be a background spot or part of a thematic composition.
Achievements of recent years in the selection of shrubs make you pretty much puzzled when choosing planting material. And even "old friends" from the world of ornamental shrubs can surprise gardeners!
Weigela (Weigela sp.) Is a shrub about 1.5 m tall, with a spherical crown, bright green leaves and funnel-shaped flowers, collected 3-5 pieces in umbellate inflorescences. Weigel flowers bloom profusely in June-July, in some varieties in August. The oldest of the garden weigels - weigela Middendorf - in culture since 1850, is distinguished by yellowish flowers with bright orange dots inside. Most other varieties of weigela have pink petals, but there are exceptions: among the "descendants" of the hybrid weigela, varieties with dark carmine (Debuassi variety) and pure white (Candida variety) flowers can be found, and Bristol Ruby weigela is distinguished by burgundy - raspberry flowering. Among the weigel, there are also red-leaved varieties, for example, weigela purple.
Weigels are planted, despite their shade tolerance, in well-lit places at a distance of 1.5-2 m from each other. The best time to plant is April or September. Once every two to three years, immediately after flowering, old shoots should be cut off; in some species, the root system should be covered with spruce branches. Weigels are resistant to diseases and pests and reproduce well both by seeds and cuttings.
Kalina vulgaris (Viburnum opulus L.) is one of the most beloved plants in Russia, which is a symbol of girlish beauty among many nationalities. However, few people know that viburnum has a great many relatives on all continents - more than 200 species. The most famous of the viburnum is the Bul-de-Nezh ("snow globe") form, with lush globular inflorescences. The viburnum is elegant in autumn, when its leaves shine with a bright crimson against a gray background of falling asleep nature and bunches of berries burn with a flame. Its dwarf forms, up to 50 cm in height, can be used to decorate a rock garden.
Viburnum is unpretentious, grows well and quickly in partial shade and in the open, preferring fertile, slightly acidic soils (pH 5.5-6). Every two years, you should feed the viburnum with fertilizers and be sure to cut it regularly, making sure that the bush has no more than 6-7 main trunks.
Honeysuckle (Lonicera L.) is an excellent garden plant. Most of the representatives of this species are shrubs, the smaller part is vines.
The honeysuckle honeysuckle is best known to gardeners - a climbing liana-shaped shrub with yellowish or reddish fragrant flowers, collected in a sessile head. Flowering occurs in late May - June, and in autumn the bright green foliage makes a good background for the red honeysuckle berries. The vine grows very quickly (over the summer it grows by 1 m), and lives for more than 50 years. The soil loves nutritious, moderately moist. It grows better in a sunny place and blooms more abundantly, tolerates partial shade. Caprifol is responsive to feeding.
Other representatives of honeysuckle (Altai, gray, Japanese, etc.) are just as unpretentious and pleasant. All of the above species belong to the honeysuckle family.
Another well-known family - Rosaceae - presented gardeners with spirea or meadowsweet (Spiraea sp.), Which grows very quickly and on any soil. It blooms profusely, and in autumn its foliage takes on a beautiful shade. In our gardens, the most common spiraea Wangutta (S.x vanhouttei), popular in free-growing (not formed by pruning) flowering hedges. It is possible to recommend for use the sharp-toothed spirea (S.x arguta), which is covered with small white inflorescences-shields already at the end of April - the first half of May. Japanese spirea (S. japonica) blooms in summer, from June to August. Flowers are pink, red, less often white.
There are spring-flowering and summer-flowering spireas. The first ones bloom on last year's shoots, so they should be cut in the spring, after flowering (species S. media, S. arguta, S. nipponica and others). Summer-flowering spireas are cut off before flowering, removing three-year-old branches from them (S. douglasii, S. salicifolia, S. billardii, S. syringaefolia).
Chubushnik, or garden jasmine, a representative of the saxifrage family, is undoubtedly the record holder in popularity. The plant combines decorative appearance, unpretentiousness and rare strength of the aroma of flowers. Without a chubushnik, early summer is not summer, so firmly it has entered our "green life".
The most popular varietal varieties of Lemoine mock-orange, as well as varieties: Avalanche, Glacier, Ocharovanie, Alabaster, Ermine mantle and others. Small-leaved mock-orange is very good - a low-growing shrub, 1-1.5 m tall with thin shoots, small leaves, white, medium-sized flowers, very fragrant, with a strawberry smell. Blooms from late June to mid-July. In severe winters, it sometimes freezes.
It is recommended to plant chubushniki singly or in groups in a hedge under a canopy of trees with an openwork crown. These plants grow and bloom successfully in full sunlight and partial shade. They are demanding on the richness of the soil and moisture, for abundant flowering they need regular feeding. All of them are quite winter-hardy, unpretentious, tolerate transplantation well.
Academician Komarov - bush height 2.4 m. Sprawling. The flowers are large, 5-6.5 cm in diameter. Duration of flowering is 30 days. The flowers are snow-white, semi-double, with a faint odor. Abundant flowering.
The Arctic is a sprawling bush up to 2 m high. The flowers are pure white, 3-3.5 cm in diameter, double, odorless. Flowering is abundant, long-lasting, up to 30 days.
The airborne assault is a compact bush, 2.6 m high. The flowers are simple, creamy white, with a strong strawberry smell. Abundant flowering, duration 21-25 days.
Kazbek - the height of the bush is about 2 m. The crown is pyramidal. Flowers up to 4 cm in diameter, pure white, densely double, almost odorless. Abundant flowering, duration up to 30 days.
Snowstorm is a spreading bush up to 2 m tall. The flowers are pure white, double, up to 4 cm in diameter, with a faint odor. Flowering is very abundant during the month.
Yunnat is a compact bush up to 1.2 m tall. The flowers are pure white, large, up to 4.5 cm in diameter, double, with a strawberry smell. The flowering is very abundant, the flowering duration is 30 days. A dwarf is a dense spherical bush up to 1 m high. The flowers are white, medium-sized, up to 3 cm in diameter. Blooms profusely for about three weeks.
Elbrus is a spreading bush 2.5 m high. The flowers are creamy white, double, odorless, 5-5.5 cm in diameter. The flowering period is 25 days, it blooms profusely.
When landscaping your garden, remember the saying of the eastern sage Wen Zhenheng: "We need to arrange everything so that, living in the house, we forget about old age, going for a walk, forget about returning, and walking in the garden, forget about fatigue ..."... Flowering shrubs will help you make your garden just that way ...
N. Ivanova biologist
Work calendar when growing weigela
January February March
Compaction of snow near plants to protect against rodents. Shaking off wet snow to prevent branches from breaking.
Pruning frost-damaged branches. Landing. Processing and mulching of near-trunk circles. Abundant watering. The first fertilizing with mineral fertilizers (preferably in the snow). Sowing seeds in open ground.
Seedling picking, plant protection from late spring frosts, smoking, spraying. Watering. Processing of near-trunk circles. Weed weeding.
Green cuttings. Removal of overgrowth. Weeding, loosening, watering, fertilizing with complex fertilizers. Protected from pests and diseases.
Formative crown pruning. Removal of faded inflorescences. Care of seedlings and cuttings. Spraying seedlings and seedlings against pests and diseases. Top dressing with mullein solution (1:10).
Cutting care, feeding, watering, weeding.
Planting and transplanting, processing and mulching of trunks. Continue caring for seedlings and rooted cuttings.
Collecting fallen leaves and removing them from the site. Bending branches to the ground for better wintering. Mulching near-trunk circles for the winter with a thicker layer of peat or dry oak leaves. Shelter for seedlings. Seed collection.
Layout of rodent baits.
Compaction of snow near the trunks. Shaking off wet snow from bushes. Inspection of shelters, revision of garden tools and materials.
Weigela japonica (Weigela japonica). © Blik
The degree of illumination and the size of the site
When choosing plants for the garden, it is very important to take into account the peculiarities of the climatic zone. Most shrubs grow equally well in full sun or partial shade. But there are some crops that do not tolerate illuminated areas and need shade. Therefore, first you need to observe the landing site: how much sun falls on it during the day, is there a shadow there and what it is.
Some shrubs do well in full sun
It is also necessary to select crops depending on the size of the planting site. For example, when choosing a magnolia, you should take into account that it can rise to a height of 1 to 6-8 meters and spread up to two to five meters in width. Therefore, only one such shrub can be planted in small gardens.
In addition to large plants, there are the most compact varieties that differ in a non-spreading dense crown (for example, a columnar juniper). Therefore, before proceeding with the improvement of the territory, familiarize yourself with the description of the selected crops and take into account the degree of their growth.
Continuous flowering garden
A well-designed and tastefully designed garden of continuous flowering attracts attention at any time, and this is its purpose. After the first violent flowering of the beautiful forsythia in April, who so delighted gardeners with its bright colors, does anyone want to wait for the next "feed" only in mid-June from the Boomald spirea? Of course not! I would like to make the garden decorative and exquisitely beautiful in all seasons and without any pauses.
The main factor influencing the composition and structure of the created garden has always been, is and will be its location. Climatic conditions, first of all, then - the nature of soils, terrain, a set of plants and, finally, just traditional ideas about what a garden should be, are fundamental in its creation. In other words, having conceived a new project, you must first carry out the most thorough analysis of the macro- and micro-conditions of the garden.
Creating a garden of year-round flowering in a temperate climate in the middle zone does not present any particular difficulties. In addition to those plant species that are traditionally grown in our latitudes, there are a number of exotic tree and shrub species that feel good in the company of aborigines, as evidenced by long-term phenological observations.
But at the same time, the main temptation that almost all enthusiastic gardeners face is the desire to squeeze into the boundaries of their possessions many different species and varieties of plants, sometimes incompatible in terms of growth and care. Let's choose together!
First you need to pick up plants based on the timing and duration, as well as on the nature of their flowering. In the exposition of the garden of continuous flowering, the main place is occupied by ornamental shrubs, as they perfectly complement tree groups, create smooth transitions from trees to flower beds and lawns. In addition, many shrubs create the main color accent in the composition during the periods of their flowering and this fact must be taken into account when planning.
8. Propagation by lignified cuttings
In autumn, after leaf fall (sometimes at the beginning of winter), the so-called "winter" cuttings are cut. For this, the lower and middle parts of the matured lignified shoots of shrubs are suitable. Such cuttings are also planted in the fall, in open ground, choosing a well-drained place in partial shade. Previously, a slanting cut is made from the top (3-5 mm above the kidney).
Further, in the selected area, an oblong hole is made (15-20 cm deep). One wall should be vertical. A sand-peat mixture is poured onto the bottom (a layer with a height of 2-3 cm), then a cutting is placed in a hole 2/3 of the height (it should adjoin the wall). Thus, all cuttings are placed in the groove at a distance of 10-15 cm from each other, after which they fill the pit with soil, compacting each layer. At the end, the planting site is slightly loosened and watered abundantly.
Plants that can be propagated by lignified cuttings: buddleya, hydrangea, honeysuckle, kerria, mahonia, vesicle, henomeles, wild rose, barberry, weigela, action, viburnum, cinquefoil, almond, spirea, mock-orange.
By choosing one of the proposed methods for breeding shrubs, you can save a lot on buying seedlings without risking anything.
Weigela is fertilized three times per season. The first feeding is carried out before the snow melts. To do this, add urea and superphosphate to the soil. The next feeding occurs during the period of bud formation. Nitrogen-containing and potassium-phosphorus fertilizers are applied under the bush. In the last days of summer, weigela is prepared for winter. For this, fertilizers with a high potassium content are applied to the trunk circle.
Weigela is very fond of moisture, therefore, the soil around it must not be allowed to completely dry out. The shrub is regularly watered and the soil around it is mulched with peat or wet sawdust. As it dries, the ground in the trunk circle is gently loosened. In this case, the depth of loosening should not exceed 8 centimeters.
Weigela is pruned twice a season. In the first half of April, all damaged branches are removed, and in July, old shoots that have lost flowers. It is also recommended to remove excess root growth in June so that the bush does not lose its decorative effect.
Before the onset of frost, the weigelu is covered with spunbond, and the trunk circle is covered with fallen leaves or branches of needles. In regions with a temperate climate, the shelter is removed only in early April.