Alstroemeria or Alstromère, sow, plant, maintain -
Alstroemeria or alstromer, original summer bulbous
Alstroemeria is a beautiful bulbous plant that resembles a tropical plant. It is the shape of its flowers with the petals of different lengths and shapes that make you think of it. The colors and in particular the spots on the petals also play a role as its long colored stamens. Alstroméria appreciates to be cultivated in soil rich in humus, well drained, deep and light, it is under these conditions that its root system will develop best. There are many varieties as well as many colors and therefore necessarily the ones you dream of for your garden. The plant is not very hardy, down to -8 ° C, in mild regions the bulb can remain in place where in the coldest it will have to be sheltered from winter by thick mulching of dead leaves. The plant is easy in the garden but you have to be careful about its establishment. In hot regions with strong sun, we prefer partial shade, in regions with less biting sun, full sun exposure will suit it perfectly. Either way, ideally we will shelter the alstromeria from the wind.
• Alstroemeria spp
• Cycle: Perennial
• Foliage: lapsed
• Hardiness: Not very hardy plant (-8 ° C)
• Family: Amaryllidaceae, amaryllidaceae
• Harbor : Tuft and flowered stem erected
• Exhibition: Sun and partial shade
• Ground : Light soil, drained, humus
• Sowing: Spring
• Plantation: Spring
• Flowering: Summer
• Fruiting: –
• Rooting: Bulb
• Cultivation area: See the France or Quebec hardiness map
• Origin: South America (Peru)
• Honey plant: Yes
• Edible plant: –
• Poisonous Plant: No
Special features of Alstroemeria:
• Asltromere does not always appreciate the hot rays of the sun.
• Long and magnificent flowering
• Tropical aesthetic
• Use in the vegetable patch or flower garden.
What advantages to the garden of Alstroemeria:
• Easy to grow.
• Very rapid growth.
• Superb flowering.
• Many varieties.
• The flowers hold up very well when used in cut flowers.
• Sun and partial shade
• Rich in humus, light to normal, deep
What method of multiplication?
• Division and sowing
When to divide Alstroemeria?
• Division must be carried out after flowering.
• Before the first division it is necessary to wait until the plant has developed well for 2 to 3 years.
• It should be noted that the alstroemeria does not particularly appreciate divisions, the bulbs and roots are fragile, so care should be taken.
How to divide it?
• With a spade fork, make sure to lift the root ball without damaging the roots and bulbs.
• As stated above, you must be very careful for this operation.
• Place the spade far enough to pass far enough below the plant and its root system.
• Then, with a disinfected cutting knife, select exterior splinters.
• Be careful not to damage the small roots on the bulbs.
• Choose the location for transplanting.
• Loosen the soil and clean it from pebbles, you can also transplant in pots.
• Transplant the divisions every 40 cm in all directions.
Prepare ready-to-donate cups:
• Prepare medium pots filled with special flowering plant substrate.
• Add one piece of Alstromeric bulb per cup.
• Water and keep the soil slightly moist, especially not sip.
When to sow?
• Sow under a heated shelter, starting in early spring.
• New seedlings will wait 2 years before flowering.
• The seeds should be harvested, dried and stratified.
How to sow alstroemeria?
Seeding is longer, but rather better than dividing to get fit plants. Seeds should be harvested at “maturity” at the end of flowering. They are then placed to dry for a period of 3 months.
Cold stratification of seeds:
• Make soak the seeds in water for 2 days.
• Prepare plastic bags filled with wet sand.
• Bury the seeds in wet sand.
• Close the bag and place it in the refrigerator (2 and 5 ° C) for 1 month.
Past stratification ...
• Prepare cups of a mixture of moist soil and sand (60/40)
• Place the seeds on the surface.
• Place the buckets warm (20 to 25 ° C) and light for better germination.
• Keep the substrate moist.
• Transplant to the garden quickly if the season permits.
A word from the amateur gardener:
Alstromeric seedlings can be done directly in place in the spring. The control is more delicate but it is the best way to succeed in the seedlings under the combined conditions of beautiful lights and temperatures.
When to plant
• Spring from March to May.
How to plant it?
• Work the soil on a small height of the spade.
• Amend the soil with potting soil mixed with 30/60% sand.
• Place the plant (s) in pots, 30 cm apart between plants.
• Recap and tamp.
• Water without gorging.
• Then water regularly
Alstroemeria pot culture?
• Use a pierced earthenware pot 30 or 40 cm wide.
• Fill it with a thin layer of gravel, then a potting soil for flowering plants.
• Then water regularly
• In winter it will be necessary to protect the plant against the cold by mulching the stump and insulating the contours of the pot.
• Regular watering.
• Divide every 3 years.
• Mulch the stump for the winter, even in mild regions.
• Flowering from the month of June to September.
• Alstroemeria aurea - Inca lilies - the variety that you will find most often in garden centers
• Alstroemeria Indian Summer: bushy variety with yellow and orange flowers.
• Alstroemeria ligtu var: With erect stems and often offered in pink ...
And many others…
• Alstroemeria pelegrina L.
• Alstroemeria psittacina Lehm.
• Alstroemeria pulchella L. f.
• Alstroemeria Summertime
Little illness ...
• But the plant can suffer from poorly drained soil that retains too much moisture which will harm the bulb.
• It is also very sensitive to cold as to the too hot rays of the sun.
What to plant with?
• Plant the alstromeria with plants with the same characteristics such as Crocosmia, angels' fishing rods, wood hyacinths in semi-shaded plantation ...
• ATa garden: In clumps, in mixture of flowers of poor and dry ground, in exposed slope, in ground cover.
• Without garden: in a large 40 cm terracotta pot on a terrace, in a light, poor substrate, such as cacti,
Photo : Alstroemeria aurea "Saturn" in southern by JJ Harrison - picked on wikipedia.org - under license CC BY-SA 3.0.
Rosemary: beautiful in the garden, useful in cooking
Rosemary is both a beautiful shrub and a formidable aromatic plant.
In summary, what you need to know:
Last name : Rosmarinus officinalis
Family : Lamiaceae
Type : Shrub, condiment plant
Height : 1 to 1.5 m
Exposure : Sunny
Ground : Regular but not too heavy
Foliage : Persistent
Harvest : All year
The maintenance and pruning of rosemary are small steps that will help the plant grow well.
Characteristics of the lily of the Incas
- Type: flowers and flowering plant
- Height: up to 1m
- Flower color: white, yellow, orange, red, pink, purple and variegated
- Desired exhibition: sun, partial shade
- Soil type: well-drained, humus-rich, rich in humus
- Foliage: lapsed
- Interview : easy
- Sanitizer: no
- Varieties: Alstroemeria psittacina, alstroemeria hybrida, alstroemeria auriantica
Also called Lily of Peru or Lily of the Incas, Alstroemeria or Alstromère is a resolutely cheerful plant that enchants the terrace, balcony and garden with its cheerful colors. 40 to 60 cm tall, the tuberous perennial is particularly decorative, resembling a small lily, with abundant dark green lanceolate foliage.
The flowering is generous and prolonged, often two-tone and mottled, sporting bright colors ranging from orange to deep red, from luminous yellow to candy pink, including pinkish or pearly white.
Choose a sunny location for your plant. Water regularly but not excessively and remove the faded flowers as you go to allow the plant to bloom again the following year. Add fertilizer in the spring. Hardy to only -5 ° C, the plant should be grown in pots and wintered in a cool, bright place in colder regions.
There are more than fifty species of which Alstroemeria aurantiaca, also called Alstroemeria aurea, with orange to bright yellow flowers with red striped tepals, Alstroemeria hookerii, which is dwarf (30 to 60 cm) with pink flowers and tepals striped with purple and yellow.
And many hybrids including Alstroemeria ligtu hybrids from the crossing of Alstroemeria ligtu and Alstroemeria haemantha, which offer flowers in very varied colors, often pastel and often two-tone.
Planting rosemary is done in spring or fall and preferably in light, well-drained soil.
Rosemary is a Mediterranean plant which adapts to most regions (except high mountains) and which fears excess humidity or lack of sun much more than cold.
- Rosemary loves the sun, even hot summer situations.
- Prefer a location sheltered from strong winds, especially near the sea.
- Rosemary fears moisture in the soil and is not resistant to standing water.
- He likes well-drained land, even poor or limestone.
Rosemary in a jar:
Growing rosemary in pots is quite possible and even ideal when you have a terrace or balcony.
- Plant the rosemary in a pot with a hole in the bottom.
- Provide special vegetable patch or aromatic plants.
- Water only when the soil is dry but not excessively.
The sowing is quite long and the best method of propagation is cuttings or layering.
- Rosemary multiplication will take place in spring
For the sowing, it is necessary to proceed with a sowing in place in the spring but it is sometimes easier and faster, for the amateur gardener, to plant young plants bought in the trade.