Characteristics and description of the tomato variety Olya F1
The Olya tomato is a relatively young plant, but it is already popular with many gardeners. If you have a desire to plant such a crop in your beds, you should find out the details of its cultivation, description and characteristics.
Description and characteristics of tomato Olya
The plant is hybrid, from its seeds strong bushes are obtained, bringing an excellent harvest. The variety is able to withstand many diseases and harmful parasites.
Tomato determinant, stretches to a certain height and stops, forms about eight brushes. Bushes are medium-sized, just over a meter, in need of tying.
Seedlings are grown for a month and a half, plants bear fruit 100 days after the emergence of sprouts.
The yield is good, subject to the rules of cultivation from one plant you can get from 8 to 10 kilograms tomatoes, which are used for sauces, ketchups, vegetable salads. In addition, tomatoes are pickled and salted.
Fruits are almost the same in size, reach seven centimeters in diameter, weigh from 70 to 100 grams... Their shape is rounded, the shade is red.
Region of natural growth and peculiarities of cultivation in other regions
The Olga variety owes its origin to Russian breeding specialists, who bred it in the twenty-first century and entered it into the State Register with a recommendation for cultivation in the North Caucasus region.
If greenhouse conditions are organized for cultivation, then the tomato bears excellent fruit not only in the central regions, but also in the northern regions.
Advantages and disadvantages
The main advantages include a number of features:
- excellent yield;
- resistance to low temperatures;
- ability to withstand hot weather;
- ability to resist diseasestypical for most tomatoes;
- normal growth in low light;
- versatility of application.
Among the shortcomings, one is noted - it is not recommended to select seed material for subsequent planting from tomatoes.
Sowing seeds for seedlings
Sowing is best in Marchso that by the end of the spring season the seedlings are ready to be moved outdoors.
Preparation of containers with soil
The soil for planting should consist of peat, sawdust and greenhouse soil, taken in a ratio of 1 to 1 to 2. Sawdust is poured with boiling water, then - twice with a solution of urea, which is preliminarily brought to a boil.
A couple of handfuls of crushed chicken egg shells, a half-liter can of wood ash, a few tablespoons of superphosphate or potassium sulfate are added to a bucket of the prepared mixture. Everything is mixed, a hot manganese solution is added.
The earth should be allowed to cool, and it can be filled up to half of the planting containers.
Planting time depends on the region of cultivation. It can be start in February and finish in March... Seeds prepared for sowing are laid out on the surface of the soil and sprinkled with a centimeter layer. The containers are covered with plastic wrap and placed in a warm place.
As soon as the first shoots begin to appear, the seedlings are advised take out for a while on a glazed loggia.
Watering for the first time should be four days after the start of growth, supplying water in the amount of two tablespoons and distributing it along the edge. When three leaves are formed on the sprouts, the water rate can be increased to 100 ml per seedling.
Seedlings of tomatoes dive twiceto slow down its outgrowth. The first procedure is carried out after the third sheet, the second - after three weeks.
To improve the immunity of seedlings, seedlings on the seventh day treated with Epin... The first time the seedlings are fed one and a half weeks after the pick.
Transplanting tomatoes into open ground
In late spring, when the threat of night frosts disappears, tomato seedlings can be transferred to a permanent place.
Landing is based on 4 bushes per square meter... A support post is immediately installed next to each plant. The place for the tomatoes should well lit by the sun.
After a couple of weeks, the bushes need poke and tie up... Stepson the plants as needed until the brushes are formed.
Watering tomatoes abundantly is necessary during the period of growth and the appearance of the ovary. With the onset of ripening, the amount of moisture must be reduced so that the tomatoes do not lose their taste.
Some gardeners add fertilizers containing phosphorus and potassiumto support the plants during flowering and fruit formation. But if the soil is prepared correctly, then such troubles will be unnecessary, the harvest is still guaranteed to you.
An excess amount of fertilizers contributes to the growth of green mass by the plant, the fruits are small, contain a lot of nitrates.
Features of fruiting varieties
Tomatoes are not afraid of temperature drops, and they are able to produce crops in any conditions.
When the fruits ripen, the number of watering is reduced, the dosage of water is reduced so that the tomatoes do not worsen their taste. Fruit ripening occurs quickly and practically simultaneously.
Diseases and their prevention
The plant has an excellent immune system that allows it to resist many diseases. But from Colorado potato beetle processing the beds should be done in order to scare off the pest.
From bear poisoned wheat grains or bottles with an odorous composition are dropped into the aisles.
For preventive purposes, the bushes are sprayed with solutions that create protection against fungus. This should be done three weeks after transplanting seedlings.
Many gardeners, protecting plants, use biological compounds so as not to harm the human body. A manganese solution with the addition of laundry soap helps a lot. He will protect the plant and feed its root system.
Whitefly can be scared away with tobacco infusion, onion or garlic husks.
How to collect seeds
Recall that the Olya variety is a hybrid plant. This means that his it is better not to collect seeds for planting next season... They are unlikely to grow into good bushes. It is recommended to purchase planting material in specialized stores.
The tomato variety Olya does not require special care. This allows even novice gardeners who do not have sufficient experience for this to grow it.
Tomato Olya: characteristics and description of the variety, reviews
The characteristic and description of the Olya tomato variety with a photo indicates its high yield, unpretentiousness in growing and excellent taste. According to the reviews of summer residents, such a vegetable can be grown in any conditions, both outdoors and in a greenhouse. According to the description and characteristics, as well as gardeners' reviews, the Olya tomato variety (photo) belongs to hybrids. Its final ripening occurs in about 60-70 days from the moment the seedlings are planted in the ground. If you correctly follow all the principles of care and planting, you can get an excellent harvest for the season.
Description of the variety of tomatoes Olya
The hybrid belongs to the early maturing, the period between the appearance of the first shoots and ripening is only 105 days. Tomato variety Olya - superdeterminant, that is, quickly, ripening amicably and does not form new ovaries in the future. The growth of the plant is small - from 90 to 120 cm. The branchiness of the tomato is medium, the leaves are small, light green. Olya's tomato inflorescences are simple, bright yellow in color, the first is laid above the 7th-9th leaf, the next - through the leaf. In internodes, three brushes are formed at once, each of which contains at least 7 fruits. In total, there are about 15 brushes on the bush, ripening at the same time. The plant practically does not require grazing. It is easy to grow it both outdoors and in a greenhouse.
Which hybrid varieties to choose?
In the conditions of central Russia, tomatoes are best grown in a greenhouse. The following hybrid varieties are recommended for cultivation:
- Verlioka F This is a tall early variety. Its fruits are suitable for use in culinary dishes and for preparations for the winter. The fruits have a classic round shape, bright red color, up to 100 grams in weight. The characteristic also notes the disadvantage of the variety - the demands of tomatoes on the composition of the soil and the need to periodically feed the plants with fertilizers. In cool weather, heat the water to a warm state before watering.
Companies Searching for F1 varieties have long been familiar. She successfully sells hybrid seeds in specialty stores and large supermarkets. Characteristics and descriptions of F1 tomato varieties can be found on the seed package. The photo shows the fruiting bushes of hybrid tomatoes. In the reviews, experienced gardeners advise which varieties of tomatoes are best planted in certain climatic conditions.
Growing and care
To obtain seedlings, the seeds must be sown in peat pots in mid-March. After about 60 days, the grown seedlings will be ready for planting indoors. Each bush will need reliable support, which should be thought about before planting the plants.
Tomatoes Olya f1 are suitable for growing in glass, film and polycarbonate greenhouses. In glazed greenhouses, the planting scheme should be 3 plants per 1 m2, and in film and polycarbonate greenhouses - 4 plants per 1 m2. After the appearance of the first shoots, only 95-100 days pass until the time of harvest. Slightly ribbed smooth fruits are slightly flattened on 2 sides. Their mass is from 100 to 120 g... They taste sweet and sour.
This variety shows good resistance to nematode, fusarium, cladosporium and tobacco mosaic virus... Even in low light conditions, the yield remains quite high. Olya f1 tomatoes also tolerate a decrease in temperature and an increase in temperature without any serious losses.
High early maturity, easy care even for novice gardeners, unpretentiousness, large yield and high-quality fruits make the Olya f1 variety an excellent option for growing for sale.
The fruits of the Olya f1 tomato are suitable for both fresh consumption and canning.
Pest control drugs
Tomato Olya shows resistance to diseases, but can be affected by pests. That is why he needs timely preventive measures.
Tobacco infusion is effectively used against whitefly, as well as onion and garlic husks.
To combat the wireworm, it is recommended first of all to plant those crops that he does not like near tomatoes. These include:
In case of severe damage to the area, they resort to chemical treatments with drugs "Aktara", "Diazinon" or "Force".
Medvedka gives the gardeners huge trouble. To get rid of the pest in the beds, they use the preparations "Thunder" or "Phosbecid".
Planting and care rules
The amount of tomato harvest Olya F1 depends on the correct agricultural technology. Seeds and soil must be prepared in advance for planting, in time to sow in a greenhouse and open ground.
Sowing seeds for seedlings
Judging by the reviews, Olya F1 tomatoes grown through seedlings bear fruit better earlier. Sowing begins at the end of February, so that, as soon as the soil warms up, transplant the seedlings into the greenhouse. If you plan to grow the bushes under a film shelter or in open ground, then you need to wait another month. At the end of March or at the very beginning of April, they are preparing seeds for planting.
To grow seedlings, you need to choose the right soil, because not all soil is suitable for tomatoes. The soil should be moisture-permeable, loose, light and nutritious. The soil mixture is prepared according to this recipe:
- peat - 2 parts
- sawdust - 2 parts
- greenhouse earth - 4 parts.
You can add a little perlite or eggshells as a baking powder. Mix all the components well, then let the soil stand for a day.
Attention! If there are no such components, then store soil designed for growing vegetable seedlings is chosen. It is better to grow tomatoes Olya F1 in individual cups, where they are dived from a common container when 2 real leaves appear. Young plants develop quickly, need additional feeding
Mineral mixtures are used for seedlings, but they are diluted 2 times weaker. You can add additional food directly at the stage of soil preparation, so that later you do not fertilize the seedlings. To do this, the soil is mixed with ash, 2-3 tbsp. l. superphosphate or potassium sulfate. You can spill the mixture with a urea solution - 1 tbsp. l. for 1 liter of water
Young plants develop quickly and need additional feeding. Mineral mixtures are used for seedlings, but they are diluted 2 times weaker. You can add additional food directly at the stage of soil preparation, so that later you do not fertilize the seedlings. To do this, the soil is mixed with ash, 2-3 tbsp. l. superphosphate or potassium sulfate. You can spill the mixture with a urea solution - 1 tbsp. l. for 1 liter of water
It is better to grow tomatoes Olya F1 in individual cups, where they are dived from a common container when 2 real leaves appear. Young plants develop quickly and need additional feeding. Mineral mixtures are used for seedlings, but they are diluted 2 times weaker. You can add additional food directly at the stage of soil preparation, so that later you do not fertilize the seedlings. To do this, the soil is mixed with ash, 2-3 tbsp. l. superphosphate or potassium sulfate. You can spill the mixture with a urea solution - 1 tbsp. l. for 1 liter of water.
Seedlings are grown at home for 55-60 days, after which they are transplanted to a permanent place. A week before this, the bushes need to be gradually tempered. Cups with tomato seedlings are taken out into the street. On the first day, 5-10 minutes is enough, gradually the time spent in the fresh air is increased. Tomatoes should be outdoors all night before transplanting. This procedure stimulates the immune system of the plant, the bushes are less likely to get sick and take root faster.
Tomatoes Olya F1 are planted according to the scheme 50 x 40 cm. For 1 sq. m place up to 6 bushes. After planting, be sure to install supports in order to tie up the shoots if necessary. This may be necessary during strong winds so that the branches with fruits do not break off.
In the description of the tomato Olya F1 it is indicated that the variety does not need special care, but the reviews about it are slightly different. If you do not properly feed the bushes after transplanting, then the fruits will be small. To get the harvest on time, you need to follow the watering regime.
Fertilize the bushes several times per season. It is better to apply the first top dressing no earlier than 14 days after planting.Good results are obtained by fertilizing tomatoes Olya F1 according to the following scheme:
- The first time they are fed with a yeast solution to saturate the bushes with nitrogen.
- Then fertilize with ash, which is pre-infused for a day.
- After 10 days, iodine and boric acid solution can be added.
In addition, throughout the season, the bushes are mulched with organic matter and do foliar dressing with ammonia and hydrogen peroxide. This not only stimulates fruiting, active fruit setting, but also protects plants from all kinds of diseases.
Advice! Olya F1 tomatoes are watered as needed, but at least once a week. In extreme heat, perhaps 2 times every 10 days.