Horny Goat Weed (Epimedium), or Epimedium, is a herbaceous plant from the Barberry family. The plant lives at the foot of the mountains, in forest clearings in Turkey, the Caucasus and the countries of East Asia.
This deciduous perennial flower is a frequent visitor to Western Europeans. In the Russian Federation, the plant is still not very popular, however, more and more gardeners every year learn about the mountain goat gossamer and plant it on their plots as a medicinal gardener. The plant will perfectly decorate any flower garden and will take pride of place on the flower bed. To get a beautiful healthy mountain goat woman, you do not need to spend much time and effort.
Description of the plant
Horny Goat Weed belongs to the ground cover with a powerful overgrown rhizome. The shoots at the flowering stage reach a height of 15 to 75 cm. As they mature, the bushes increase in diameter. Over time, the central part dies off. There are different types of mountain women. Some of them are able to retain greenery throughout the whole season, while others lose their foliage with the arrival of cold weather. The shoots are thin with a smooth brown skin and tend to branch out in different directions. The arrangement of the leaves is very close. Dense foliage forms a curtain.
Leathery leaf blades are colored in a rich green tone. The foliage is lanceolate or heart-shaped. Smooth or serrated edges. In some species, pinkish streaks appear in the middle of the leaf.
In late spring, the bushes acquire lush inflorescences like brushes. The size of one rim is from 5 to 20 mm. The corollas are arranged in two rows. Each of the rows contains two pairs of petals. There are varieties that are additionally decorated with dense hooked spurs.
When the Horny Goat Weed is pollinated, the achenes ripen. The growth surrounding the seeds contains a large amount of nutrients that attract ants. Thanks to insects, the plant is able to migrate to other territories remote from the place where the mother bushes grow.
Types and varieties of mountain woman with photo
50 species are attributed to the genus of the mountain woman, including decorative varieties.
Horny Goat Weed (Epimedium grandiflorum)
This is the most common type of flower and has laid the foundation for the breeding of other hybrid varieties. The plant can be seen in Japan's highlands, where wild clumps display vibrant lush greenery all year round. The length of the shoots is from 20 to 30 cm. Leathery heart-shaped plates are covered with an unusual bronze pattern. Lilac clusters are formed of 4-15 buds. They are used medicinally to improve male potency. No wonder the plant is called "green Viagra". The varieties of the large-flowered mountain goat are:
- Lilacinum - with purple loose flowers;
- White queen - with white inflorescences-tassels;
- Pink Queen - stands out with bright purple buds.
Red Horned Goat Weed (Epimedium rubrum)
It grows in the form of a straight, slender bush no longer than 40 cm long. The shoots have little foliage. Inflorescences are small in diameter. The buds are approximately 1.5 cm wide. The central column is surrounded by thin red petals.
Horned Goat Weed (Epimedium Sagittatum)
Scientists managed to discover this species quite recently. The height of the dense curtain reaches from 25 to 30 cm. The leaves are oblong in shape with sharp tips. The shoots are quite leafy, the flowering brushes contain short corollas.
Chinese Horny Goat Weed
A low-growing species of Horny Goat Weed, characterized by lush purple buds and bright green foliage. Perennial blooms in mid-spring. The plant withstands severe frosts and develops steadily in the shade. Bushes slowly build up mass.
Growing Mountain Goat Weed
There are two ways to grow Horny Goat Weed. First, plant the seeds, or cut the bushes apart.
Growing a perennial from seeds takes a long time. The material is repeatedly stratified to obtain seedlings. For three weeks, the seeds are stored in a room, after which they are transferred to the refrigerator for 30 days, the procedure is repeated. The hardened seeds are sown in a mixture of sand and peat and covered with polyethylene. Containers with seedlings are placed in a room with an air temperature of +15 to + 20 ° C. The sprouts begin to break through the soil after a week. They grow quickly, so in May the seedlings will be ready for transplanting to the site. The culture blooms after 3-4 years.
Bushes that occupy the same place for a long time are suitable for separation. The event is best done in September. For this, the plant is carefully dug up and shaken off from the soil. The rhizome is cut into pieces with a sharp knife so that the cuttings do not lose buds. Then they are transplanted into new pits, deepening by no more than 4-6 cm. Delenki are provided with moderate watering and shelter.
The bushes are transplanted at a distance of 30 to 40 cm from each other. The site is pre-enriched with fertilizers and moistened. The soil should be loose and light, and contain a sufficient amount of lime.
Planting and caring for the mountain goat
The Mountain Goat goes with minimal care. The plant thrives on both dark and sunny areas. Many species are resistant to temperature fluctuations, but severe frosts can cause freezing of the crop.
Heat and drought do not cause much harm to the perennial if the bushes are watered abundantly and often. Shoots and foliage lose their shape and wither without moisture. The roots do not like stagnant water, which can provoke the spread of rot.
Weeding and mulching the soil allows oxygen to reach the roots. Before the arrival of cold weather, the top layer of soil is covered with compost so that the rhizome is preserved for the winter. In regions with a harsh climate, the site is additionally covered with fallen leaves and spruce branches. Varieties that do not change the color of their foliage throughout the year need more shelter. As soon as the spring thaw begins, the layer of old foliage and mulch is pushed aside to allow young green shoots and leaves to appear.
Horny Goat Weed survives without any additional feeding. Fertile soil gives the roots the necessary elements. If the flower bed is too poor, the soil is fertilized with compost and mineral fertilizers several times during the season.
Diseases and insects are not terrible for the plant. Although the shoots are exposed, from time to time, the invasion of slugs and mice. To remove annoying pests from the garden, you will have to set up traps with baits.
The healing properties of the Horny Goat Weed
Horny Goat Weed is a source of alkaloids, saponins, glycosides and flavonoids. The flower has received recognition in oriental and folk medicine and is used as a choleretic, diuretic, stimulant and tonic. Preparations from the Horny Goat Weed effectively cure male disorder, strengthen the immune system, fight stress, relieve fatigue, normalize blood metabolism, blood pressure and cleanse the body of toxic substances that remain after taking medications.
The use of Horny Goat Weed rejuvenates tissues and cells and cures a number of diseases. The plant and its preparations are not recommended for pregnant and breastfeeding women, small children and patients with thyroid problems.
Horny Goat weed in landscape design
The mountain woman covers the flowerbed with a continuous variegated carpet, beautifully landscapes the garden and hides empty corners under a lush crown. Curtains look good in rockeries, rock gardens and mixborders. Due to its early flowering, the culture is appreciated by gardeners. Cereals and bulbous herbs successfully coexist next to the epimedium.
Phacelia: honey plant, feed, green manure
Bell-shaped phacelia, twisted phacelia and Pursha phacelia can be used as decorative and ground cover plants and serve as a wonderful decoration for borders and ridges.
The Burachnikov family, to which Phacelia belongs, is now widespread on almost all continents, but it comes from America. The family, according to Wikipedia, has 57 species of annuals and perennials.
The generic name, obviously, comes from the Greek word for torches - a bunch, a bunch, and is explained by the arrangement of flowers in an inflorescence, similar to tongues of flame.
On the territory of the former USSR, tansy phacelia is mainly cultivated. It is a branchy annual 70–100 cm high. The root system is weakly branched and develops only in the upper layers of the soil. Stems are erect, branched, rough-fluffy with hairs. The leaves are pinnately dissected, carved, with narrow-lanceolate lobes, sometimes with a bluish tint.
Phacelia flowers on short pedicels, regular, bell-shaped, bluish-purple (less often white or dirty yellow), collected in dense, intricate spike-shaped inflorescences of exotic configuration. They usually consist of four pronounced swirling curls, which are connected at right angles in the center.
The flowers are bisexual, with a double 5-membered perianth. The flower has 5 stamens protruding from the corolla. At the base of the flower, around the ovary, there is a glandular ring-shaped formation - a nectary.
One well-developed plant can have up to 750 flowers. The fruit is a capsule. 1 gram contains up to 700 seeds.
Popular varieties of lobularia (alissum)Alyssum (lobularia), Lavender Stream cultivar.
We bring to your attention the most popular varieties of alyssum (lobularia). Each variety has its own characteristics, the shape of the bush, the size and color of the flowers.
- Lobularia Bentham (L. t. Var. Benthamii (Voss.) Bailey) - plants 20-30 cm high.The best varieties: Violetkenigin (lilac flowers), Royal Carpet (purple flowers)
- Lobularia compact (L. t. Var. Compactum hort.) - plants 12-15 cm high
- Lobularia prostrate (L. t. Var. Procumbens (Bailey) Boom) - plants 8-10 cm high. The best varieties: Rosie O Dey (with pink flowers), Schneeteppich (white flowers).
- Lobularia variegated (L. t. Var. Variegatum hort.) - plants 12-15 cm high with golden leaves.
Raising mountain women - creating conditions and care
Horny Goat Weed in the garden is a very unpretentious plant - its requirements for care are modest.
What really needs to be done right is to plant them and support them for at least a year afterwards.
Planting the Horny Goat goat is best done in the shade, or in the area where there is diffused shadow from the trees.
Watering in hot summer, drought is necessary for mountain women, but avoid stagnant water in the area where they are grown.
Mountain goats grow well on loose, well-fertilized and humus-rich soil, best of all on loam.
When planting, do not forget about composting and of course mulching - remember, the mountain goat is a forest plant.
For mulching, everything that is at hand is suitable: chopped bark, chips, leaves. If the soil under the mountain goats is well mulched, they will take root and begin to grow very quickly, since these are the most favorable conditions for their root system. In addition, mulching will save your time as it is one of the most effective means of weed control.
Planting the mountain goat is best done in the spring. But in principle, if you plan to plant mountain goats for the summer or even autumn, then they will grow well and take root, the main thing is that the winter is snowy, because the mountain goat is a plant with a closed root system.
You can buy mountain goats for spring reproduction in winter, plant them in a pot on the windowsill and grow them until spring transplantation, or you can even "wrap" them in slightly damp moss and refrigerate them until spring.
In the places of origin of the mountain goat, it has both diseases and pests. In our area, its leaves are apparently very tough for our insects - almost no one touches it.
Reproduction of the Horny Goat Weed (Horny Goat Weed)
Reproduction of mountain goats occurs both by sowing seeds and by dividing the bush.
The division of the mountain goat is simple - without digging up the mountain goat you separate the part of the bush you need with any sharp object, even with a shovel.
It is somewhat more difficult with the seeds of the Horny Goat Weed - after drying, they lose their similarity, so they should be planted only after collection - i.e. immediately. Therefore, mountain women in a well-fertilized garden may well reproduce by self-seeding. In nature, the Horny Goat Weed reproduces only by cross-pollination, therefore, with cross-pollination in the garden, rather unexpected hybrids can turn out that the grower only plays into the hands.
Growing mountain goat weed in a flower garden or garden has only been practiced for the last 20 years. There are a lot of varieties of mountain goats, as well as their natural forms. In Russia, most varieties in the middle lane are either not tested at all, or very poorly tested. Therefore, planting a mountain woman in the garden is a kind of Russian roulette, an experiment.
Horny goat weed reliable varieties and species
- Mountain Goat Weed (Epimedium alpinum) - the first species of mountain woman described by scientists. The flowers are small, discreet. Suitable for planting in large areas, as it grows well.
- Horny Goat Weed (Epimedium pinnatum ssp.colchicum) - keeps foliage well in winter. The flowers of this species of Horny Goat Weed are yellow, small, but dense. The root system can grow up to 10 centimeters per year. It tolerates wintering well. Close Mountain Goat Weed Perralderi (Epimedium perralderianum) and varieties eg. Frohnleiteri practically do not differ in appearance.
- Red Horned Goat Weed (Epimedium x rubrum) - a hybrid from the down-nosed and alpine mountain goats. It has been cultivated for a long time in the gardens of Central Russia and the Moscow region, despite the fact that the progenitor (Goryanka puff-nosed) freezes in these places in winter. The flowering is very lush and bright, the leaves are also very beautiful, with peculiar purple veins. It grows slowly (up to five centimeters per year).
- Horny Goat Weed (Epimedium x versicolor - Sulfureum) Is also a fairly tried and tested hybrid. The growth is about 7 centimeters per year. Flowers are yellow-fawn. Derived varieties from the multi-colored mountain goat goat grow well in Russian gardens.
- Mountain Goat Weed Jung or Lush (Epimedium x youngianum) - grow slowly, no more than three centimeters per year. They bloom magnificently and brightly. Planting is recommended at a distance of twenty five to thirty centimeters, since the bushes are very dense. In the middle lane, in especially cold and snowless winters, it can freeze. The most famous varieties are Roseum and Niveum.
- Warly Mountain Goat Weed (Epimedium x warleyense) - The growth rate is average. Winter hardiness. Blossoming orange, very abundant. Perfect for landscaping shady corners of your garden. The most famous variety is Orange Konigin.
- Large-rhizome Mountain Goat Weed (Epimedium macrorrhizum) - collectible and very rare Mountain Goat Weed. Excellent winter hardiness (about other beautiful frost-resistant perennials here). Not tall, but with very large flowers for mountain goats. It grows very quickly.
New species and varieties of mountain women
Huge bright flowers, but sometimes insufficient winter hardiness and poor growth.
Horny Goat Weed
The plant grows well both in the shade and in sunny areas, but the best flowering is obtained in partial shade. The mountain woman does not need special care; it may be enough to prepare a small area of open ground for planting, rich in organic matter and provided with moisture. But not waterlogged, it is easier for a plant to tolerate drought than excess water. Some species of Horny Goat Weed grow quickly, they can be planted in grass and near-trunk circles of fruit trees. Here, the colorless will receive a shade, and get rid of excess moisture in the soil.
Other conditions for caring for colorless include:
- Watering... Most of the epimedium species are quite dry-hardy and do not like frequent watering. Usually the soil is moistened after planting, and then the grass is watered once every 3-4 weeks. With a long absence of rain and very hot weather, watering is increased. The plant is also valued for the fact that it can grow without watering at all.
- Top dressing... Fertilizers are not required for the plant.Some gardeners feed young plants after planting and watering to give greenery and flowers a decorative look. But the plant also has enough self-produced fertilizers: the bushes periodically shed their foliage, which, rotting, turns into a natural top dressing.
- Diseases and pests... The plant practically does not get sick, and insect pests do not cause significant harm to it.
- Pruning leaves... Some epimedium species are evergreen. In May, the leaves begin to naturally fall off. But due to the slowness of the process, young greens cannot germinate. Therefore, in April, half of the old leaves are cut off.
- Preparing for winter... Although many varieties of mountain goat weed are frost-resistant, gardeners prefer to cover these herbaceous plants for the winter with spruce branches or fallen leaves in case of a snowless winter.
In early spring, the foliage is raked, freeing the plantings of mountain goats. This is done immediately after the snow melts, since the growing season of the flowerless begins one of the first among the early flowering plants.
Horny Goat weed: care
The mountain goat is very simple to care for, its requirements for growing conditions are quite modest. What you really need to pay attention to is the landing.
Since plants grow quite quickly, be sure to provide them with a fairly large area. It is better to choose a shady place for planting. In hot summers, this culture should be watered abundantly, but moisture stagnation on the site should not be allowed.
Loose soils with a good humus content are suitable. Remember that Horny Goat Weed is a forest plant, and therefore mulching is mandatory (with bark, wood chips or dry leaves). If you do this, the plants will quickly take root and grow actively.
wet moss and keep in the refrigerator, and plant in spring. Or, you can immediately plant it in a pot and grow it indoors before planting it in the open ground.
Stylish and comfortable home
Summer cottage at the end of May.
I have already written more than once that my plot consists of several garden rooms, so there is basically no option to see, as many ask, the entire plot. But this time I deliberately tried to photograph more general views. This is the only possibility - soon the leaves will become large and block up a lot.
Let's start with a flower bed by the house.
On the left is Arends' saxifrage, on the right, like a hummock, is a small daylily.
In the cracks near the path, a catchment has been planted, you can see the yellow-green leaves of the hosta - it will be large, apparently (to be honest, I absolutely do not remember which one I planted here).
Here you can see the path (between the saxifrage and the catchment), which goes along the house to the neighbors.
Blue candles - tenacious, pink flowers - fine-toothed primrose. The entrance to these steps is just from the path, but in the photo it is almost never visible.
Saxifrage in a flowerpot, next to a flowerbed by the terrace.
And this view is from a white bench. Yellow flowers - doronicum.
Take a closer look. In the center there is a small daylily again.
The house also has a paved terrace. This trellis separates the terrace from the rest of the garden. Where the bench is the boundary of the site.
Horny goat weed, hazel grouses, hosts and unfortunate tulips, there are only two of them left, and they, according to their feelings, are somehow not very happy with the cold.
In the host bucket. This path, to the left, leads to the back garden, but it is difficult to walk along it even in spring, and in summer it is almost impossible. But there is another path there, so I am not clearing it yet. To the right of the bench is the utility area.
To the left is an artificial stream and a slide. A fence is visible in the distance - the front border of the site.
There are brunner, ferns, geraniums and mountain goat weed. And the hosts, of course! In the distance, white flowers - arabis, blue - muscari.
Water flows along the stream only when it rains. From the unnamed one - a buzulnik with dark leaves and onoklea.
And then palm-leaved sedge is visible.
And here is a violet sorroria - purple speckled.
The mountain woman is incredibly good! But in summer, the leaves will just turn green.
There are hosta, ferns and mountain goat.
In the front garden, my favorite plant is the corydalis. It will bloom until frost!
The lawn in the photo is small and round. To his left is a shady flower bed with rhododendrons, to the left of thuja - roses.
Here is a flower bed with rhododendrons, there are three of them - one has bloomed, the other will bloom in summer, and one is small, and will not bloom in any way. I plan to buy a couple more.
And here is the cuff, brunner, hosta, lungwort and in the background a small rhododendron.
The lawn and roses are behind the ferns.
And this view is from almost a pink flower bed. This flowerpot (it looks like part of a fountain) was found thrown out in a Moscow courtyard. Thinking how to clean it and what to plant.
Well, a few plants from this part of the garden.
The violet sorroria perched under the cinquefoil along with the tradescantia. Cinquefoil wakes up very slowly, I don't want to cut it yet. I really like the way it spreads.
Hosta Gold standard issued a mutation. Next time I'll try to separate the outlet.