Arrowroot: home care, transplant, reproduction, why it dries and turns yellow
Arrowroot is a plant that is demanding in terms of maintenance and care, but the beauty of its leaves, if they are healthy and well-groomed, will pay off all your efforts.
In places of natural habitat, large arrowroot leaves are used by local residents to make wicker baskets, and rhizomes containing starch are used for food. Rhizomes are also used for making diet food and thickeners for jellies and sauces.
Arrowroot does not tolerate direct sun and requires special, tropical conditions.
From the information contained in our article, you can find out:
- what conditions are necessary for arrowroot;
- how to care for this tropical beauty;
- how to solve the sometimes arising arrowroot problems.
Planting and caring for arrowroot
- Bloom: decorative deciduous plant.
- Lighting: penumbra.
- Temperature: in summer - 22-24 ˚C, in winter - 16-18 ˚C.
- Watering: the soil should be slightly damp all the time.
- Air humidity: increased. It is recommended to spray the leaves daily in the heat and keep the plant on a pallet with moist sphagnum moss.
- Top dressing: from March to August twice a month with a weak solution of complex mineral fertilizer for deciduous plants.
- Rest period: from October to February.
- Transfer: in the spring, once every two years.
- Reproduction: vegetative - cuttings and dividing the bush.
- Pests: mealybugs, false scutes and spider mites.
- Diseases: from improper care, stem or root rot may develop, and the leaves may lose their decorative effect.
Read more about growing arrowroot below.
Plant arrowroot (lat.Maranta) - a representative of the genus of perennial grasses of the Marantovaya family. The genus includes about 25 species growing in the tropical zone of America. The plant was named after Bartolomeo Maranta, a medieval physician and botanist. Arrowroot has other names - prayer plant, praying grass, "ten commandments" (according to the number of specks on the leaves of one of the arrowroot species) and arrow-shaped root. Arrowroot flowers are decorative deciduous plants, and not flowers at all in our usual view, but their leaves are a real masterpiece created by nature.
The indoor arrowroot flower is a plant with a tuberous rhizome, its leaves are elliptical, basal or two-row located on the stems. The colors of the leaves are varied and incredibly beautiful: the background color varies from almost white to dark green, and bright spots, stripes and veins stand out against the background. The upper side of the leaf is much brighter than the lower one, and this is especially striking when the arrowroot flower makes its "prayer": in the evening it lifts the leaves and slightly folds them so that only the plain underside of the plates is visible, and in the morning it lowers and unfolds its beautiful leaves, the kind of which every time is admirable.
Indoor arrowroot blooms with white, cream or lilac asymmetrical three-membered flowers, collected in apical spike-shaped inflorescences. The blooming of arrowroot is not God knows what a sight, so it is better to remove the flowers immediately so that the plant does not waste its energy in vain. The arrowroot fruit is a single-seeded capsule. In height, a houseplant arrowroot rarely grows above 30-40 cm, so it can be kept in any, even the smallest room, although natural plant species sometimes reach 150 cm in height.
Caring for arrowroot flowers is not as difficult as it is commonly believed, so even a novice florist can grow this treasure.
Arrowroot care at home
Caring for arrowroot is to create optimal comfortable conditions for the plant. What are these conditions? First, the lighting: the home arrowroot flower grows best in partial shade; direct sunlight on the leaves in spring and summer must be excluded. Secondly, the air temperature comfortable for arrowroot in summer is 22-24 ºC, in winter - 16-18 ºC, but certainly not lower than 10 ºC. The successful cultivation of arrowroot also largely depends on air humidity and soil moisture - this is the third.
For watering arrowroots, you can use only soft water at room temperature, which does not contain lime. The frequency of watering is determined by the state of the soil in the pot: it should be slightly damp all the time. To keep the air humid enough for a tropical arrowroot, keep it on a pallet with wet pebbles or expanded clay, or even better, with wet sphagnum. In addition, regular spraying of the leaves of the plant from a finely dispersed sprayer with settled or filtered water at room temperature is necessary. In the hot season, you need to spray the arrowroot daily.
The arrowroot is transplanted on average once every two years in the spring into a wide, shallow pot, only a couple of centimeters larger than the previous one in diameter. First, pour a thick layer of expanded clay into a new pot so that moisture does not stagnate in the roots of the arrowroot. Then place a layer of slightly acidic soil (pH about 6), consisting of sand, peat and garden soil in a ratio of 1: 2: 3 with the addition of crushed coal and a handful of coniferous earth, then carefully transfer the arrowroot into a new pot along with an earthen lump and add as much soil how much will be needed to fill the pot.
Before you get the plant out of the old pot, tidy it up: remove the old dried leaves so that the plant wastes energy on the formation of young shoots, and not on withered foliage. Professionals recommend cutting off all the shoots before transplanting, leaving only one internode on them, then the new fresh growth will be thicker, and your arrowroot will turn into a lush variegated bush after a while.
Fertilization is an important factor in the successful cultivation of indoor arrowroot. Arrowroot needs additional feeding during a period of active growth, therefore, from March to August, twice a month, it is fed with liquid complex fertilizer for decorative deciduous plants. Please note that the solution must be weak (one gram of complex fertilizer per liter of water), because arrowroot is very sensitive to both excess moisture in the roots and excess nutrients in the soil.
Reproduction of arrowroot
Dividing the bush
Reproduction of arrowroot at home is produced by vegetative methods. For example, by dividing a bush during the next plant transplant. To do this, the arrowroot bush is carefully divided into two or more approximately equal parts, cutting the rhizome in such a way that each delenka has a sufficient number of roots for life. The parts are planted in pots in a substrate for arrowroot, watered with lukewarm water, loosely covered with a transparent plastic bag and kept warm until young leaves appear. Then the bag is removed and the plant is looked after as usual.
How to propagate arrowroot if you hesitate to cut the rhizome of the flower? The shoots of arrowroot cut during cutting can be used as cuttings for its propagation. Sufficient length of the cutting is 8-10 cm, and it should have two internodes or at least a couple of leaves. The bottom cut is made a couple of centimeters below the knot. Sections of shoots are placed in water for rooting, and when roots grow on them, the cuttings are planted in the ground and covered with a transparent plastic bag to create greenhouse conditions that accelerate survival. Cuttings cut from May to September take root faster and more reliably.
Pests and diseases
It must be said that arrowroot is not affected by any specific diseases, plant problems arise mainly due to improper care. The same can be said for insects.
The arrowroot most often suffers from red spider mites and mealybugs. The presence of a tick is determined by the presence of a thin web on the underside of the leaf plates and leaf fall, and the appearance of these pests is provoked by too dry air in the room. The damaged leaves must be removed, and the plant must be sprayed with actellik or phytoverm.
The mealybug concentrates mainly on the leaf stalks, and it must be washed off with soapy water (20 g of soap per liter of water) - just remember to remove the soap from the plant later. If this measure is not enough, you will have to spray the arrowroot several times with actellik solution (2 ml per liter of water) until you are sure that the plant is no longer in danger.
Arrowroot leaves turn yellow
Frequent questions about why arrowroot turns yellow do not imply any definite answer. There may be several reasons, because ornamental deciduous plants react to stress and disease precisely by changing the color and texture of the leaf plates.
- Firstly, the reason may be too cold indoor air.
- Secondly, yellow spots on the leaves can be sunburn marks.
- Thirdly, too low air humidity, fourthly, drafts.
In addition, the obvious reason is insufficient watering, as a result of which the lower leaves of the plant turn yellow. What to do if arrowroot leaves turn yellow? Re-read the rules for caring for the plant, identify the cause and eliminate it. Just do not expect quick success: soon only troubles arise, and the plant, like a child, requires care, attention and time.
Why does arrowroot dry? First of all, this may be due to a lack of nutrients in the soil: first, the tips of the leaves dry on the arrowroot, then brown spots appear on them. The plant behaves in the same way from a lack of moisture: the lower leaves turn yellow, and the tips of the upper ones dry out. Arrowroot also dries up when you forget to maintain high humidity in the room. The presence of lime in the soil leads to the same result, so keep an eye on the pH of the soil.
Why leaves curl
The arrowroot has such a feature - to fold the leaves every evening and open them every morning. But if you first observe the drying of the tips of the leaves, and then their folding, then the reason is either a lack of moisture in the soil, or that arrowroot is freezing - transfer it to a warmer room and make sure that it does not fall into drafts. And remember: no matter what problems arise with indoor flowers, in particular with arrowroot, you need to look for the reason in the rules for caring for the plant. Determine where you violated them, fix the error, and the problem will go away by itself.
Types and varieties
Arrowroot (Maranta leuconeura)
Inhabitant of the Brazilian rainforest with a short (25-30 cm high) stem, oval leaves, up to 15 cm long, up to 9 cm wide, on petioles up to 2 cm long.The upper side of the leaf is colored dark green, silvery runs along its center stripe, lateral veins - silvery-white with a light green pattern, the underside of the leaf is reddish or gray-green.
In culture, this species is found infrequently, its varieties are more often grown:
- Kerhoven variety (Maranta leuconeura var. kerchoveana) - the upper side of the leaf plate is bright green with dark green spots in the shape of eyes and feathers, a white stripe runs along the central vein, the lower side has a red tint with a blue tint;
- a variety of Masange (Maranta leuconeura var. massangeana) - a variant of the Kerhoven variety, but the spots are not dark green, but olive brown;
- red-toed or tricolor variety (Maranta leuconeura var.erythrophylla or Maranta tricolor) with leaves from light green to dark green, lighter towards the periphery. Yellow-green and light green spots along the central vein. The leaves are velvety, dark crimson on the underside.
Arrowroot bicolor (Maranta bicolor)
It is distinguished by oval, slightly wavy leaves up to 15 cm long on a reddish short petiole along the edge. The upper side of the leaves is green with dark green and brown spots along the central vein, the leaves are pubescent below.
Arrowroot (Maranta arundinacea)
A compact shrub up to 120 cm high with long, up to 25 cm, ovoid, pubescent below leaves of a dark green color with a bluish tinge.
Any of the species or varieties of the plant is worth the effort and time spent on growing it, since the exquisite beauty of arrowroot leaves leaves no one indifferent.
- Read the topic on Wikipedia
- Features and other plants of the family Maranth
- List of all species on The Plant List
- More information on World Flora Online
- Indoor Plants Information
Sections: Houseplants Ornamental-deciduous Variegated plants Plants on M Marantovye
The more common name for ivy is bindweed... So he was dubbed for the ability to braid walls with long, tenacious shoots.
There are over 30 species of ivy. One of the most common is hedera helix (Latin Hedera heliks) or curly ivy.
If you decide to have indoor ivy, taking care of it at home is not difficult. Hedera Helix Enough unpretentious.
It multiplies rapidly, wrapping around walls and ceilings with a living green mass, clinging to any support due to micro-suckers (aerial roots) on the shoots.
This species has a large number of varieties, they all differ in the shape and color of the foliage: Hedera helix Harald - ivy with round leaves, Hedera helix sagittaefolia - the leaves of this species resemble stars in shape, Hedera helix Jubilee (anniversary) - with variegated leaf color.
Care after purchase
Ivy is rarely sold from domestic nurseries; it is mainly bought in Holland, transported in a special substrate that does not absorb water. That is why after buying a flower needs a transplant.
It is necessary to give him some time to adapt to new conditions (7-10 days). Ivy does not tolerate drought very easily, so it is not worth delaying the transplant. They are transplanted to the heder carefully. The root system is completely cleared of soil, taking care not to damage individual roots.
Indoor ivy plant belongs to the category shade-loving plants. He will quite calmly react to a location in the back of the room, away from the window.
The only thing that do not accept heder leaves - exposure to direct sunlight.
Variegated species, on the contrary, prefer the light of partial shade, in the shade their variegated color fades and becomes monotonous green, and they also have a negative attitude towards direct rays of the sun.
Hedera not thermophilic. In summer, a comfortable temperature for her will be 18-23 degrees. In winter - 6-14 degrees. In the warm season, ivy can be placed in fresh air - a balcony, loggia or garden.
The soil in the pot where the indoor ivy flower grows should always be slightly damp. But this does not mean that the plant needs to be poured from morning to evening - it may die due to stagnation of moisture in the soil. Prolonged drought will also affect the health of the plant: its leaves will begin to darken at the edges and fall off.
How to water ivy? Watering the cheder is recommended 2 times per week in summer and once a week in winter (with warm wintering). At low air temperatures in winter, watering should be reduced to 1 time in 2 weeks. If in the summer season the indoor temperature exceeds 20 degrees, the plant needs a daily spraying well settled water.
It is also advisable not to allow excessive dustiness of the leaves (clean leaves better purify the air in the apartment) and from time to time arrange a warm shower for the chedere. Ivy tolerates drafts and a sharp drop in temperature, and therefore is often used for landscape gardening.
Hedera Helix grows quickly and in a fairly short time can grow long and not very aesthetic-looking stems.
Therefore, to create a more lush crown, the plant need to be trimmed and pinched regularly. The stems remaining after pruning can be used for propagation.
Experienced growers advise to carry out the pruning procedure during the period of the most active growth of ivy.
Young plants need to be replanted once a year. Adults are transplanted every 2-3 years. The transplant is carried out in spring or early autumn by the "transshipment" method.
To do this, the soil is abundantly watered to soften it, then the ivy is removed from the pot and, together with the old clod of earth, is immersed in a new container, the voids are filled with fresh substrate. After transplanting, watering and spraying is required.
A thick layer of expanded clay drainage is placed at the bottom of the flowerpot so that water does not stagnate in the ground.
Good growth, bright greens will help to provide fertilizing with mineral fertilizers. You should not be zealous, ivy turns yellow from an excess of feeding and loses foliage. Flower replenishment is carried out year-round: in spring and summer, 2 times a month, in winter - once a month.
The substrate for the chedera is a mixture of peat, sand, deciduous and sod land in equal parts.
Ivy flowers are not very beautiful. These are small greenish umbrellas, which, when blooming, give black fruits.
You can admire indoor ivy grown at home in the photo:
The English name "Chinesse evergreen" is translated as an evergreen Chinese plant. The flower is called the plant of luck by the inhabitants of the countries of Southeast Asia.
In the last ten years, new varieties have been developed. Aglaonema is a plant that is easily suitable for anyone, both an experienced florist and a beginner. The flower is popular due to:
- resistance to different levels of watering
- adaptability to minimum lighting
- growing in various soil substrates.
Aglaonema leaves, depending on species differences, can be rounded, narrow, elongated. The color of the leaves is rather variegated. The leaf plates are pink, white, green, which vary in various combinations. The height of the flower is 20 - 150 centimeters.
The plant does not tolerate drafts. At temperatures below 10 ° C, the flower can be seriously damaged and even die. Aglaonema indoor has been grown in Europe since 1885.
The juice from the leaves is poisonous and contains calcium oxalate crystals. On contact, irritation occurs on the human skin. Once in the mouth, juice causes irritation of the throat, tongue, lips. The discomfort from the juice lasts for a few minutes.
Features of growing zamiokulkas
Temperature: Moderate, preferably 16..18 ° C in winter, but not lower than 12 ° C.
Lighting: Bright place with diffused light. In summer, he prefers outdoor accommodation - on the balcony, in the garden, etc. In winter, you will have to rearrange the zamiokulkas closer to the window.
Watering: Moderate from spring to autumn, but at the same time no water should remain on the pallet, watering is rare in winter, the soil should dry well before the next watering. Zamioculcas tolerates some overdrying more easily than stagnant water in the soil - this can lead to root rot and the formation of stem rot.
Fertilizer: Usually, no feeding is needed.
Air humidity: Zamioculcas does not require spraying the leaves, but sometimes it is necessary to arrange washing so that the plant does not become dusty and does not lose its attractiveness. In summer, rain showers are sufficient in the open air.
Transfer: Annually in the spring. The soil should be fairly nutritious. For young plants - 1 part of sod land, 1 part of leafy land, 1 part of peat and 1 part of sand. You can add a little well-rotted humus earth. Transplantation of old copies of zamiokulkas is carried out every two years in the spring. The pot for zamiokulkas should be commensurate with the root system. Good drainage is a must.
Reproduction: By dividing the bush, leaf, cuttings. It is better to dry the leaf a little before planting. It is desirable to root cuttings or a leaf with soil heating and using phytohormones for better root formation. Rooting can take up to 2 months.
Room rose care
Rose is a light-loving plant. For her well-being, she needs a lot of light. South windows are very suitable for growing. On the rest of the world, backlighting will be required in winter.
The optimum temperature for growing indoor roses is 18-25 degrees. Since the rose is an open field plant, she loves fresh air very much and she needs it for full growth. In the summertime, the rose can be taken out into the garden or onto the balcony. The rest of the time, you need to organize airing, while avoiding drafts that are harmful to roses.
A home rose is watered with settled water at room temperature. Cold water is bad for them. The rose will be grateful for regular spraying both in the summer heat and in the winter heating season. If the rosette is near the battery, then it is better to put it in a pallet with wet expanded clay.
The rosette is fed with complex fertilizers for roses from spring to winter once every 2-3 weeks, in the fall, gradually reducing the frequency of fertilizing.
Indoor rose is propagated by cuttings. For this, cuttings up to 15 cm long, with several buds, are suitable. They are rooted in the ground, covered with a bottle or bag on top. To do this, you can take small cups for seedlings.
The roots appear in about 2 weeks. The greenhouse can be gradually removed after the appearance of new leaves. Transplanting rooted cuttings is possible only when the root system develops well.
Roses periodically need pruning to form a bush. It is best produced in the spring. Branches that have lengthened over the winter, faded flowers, weak and dry branches are removed.
Does arrowroot bloom?
Under natural conditions, according to experts, this plant blooms annually, but at home it is quite difficult to achieve the appearance of small white flowers. To do this, you should keep the flower in the middle of the room, where the lighting will be bright enough, but diffused, and also do not forget about watering and fertilizing.