How to get a good harvest of currants
Having a personal plot, it is a sin not to plant at least a few currant bushes on it. Delicious and healthy berries can be eaten fresh, frozen, made jam for the winter. They are a source of vitamin C, antioxidants and other useful substances, so it is worthwhile to allocate space for planting this berry plant.
But here's the bad luck: some gardeners do not know how to care for currant bushes and complain about low yields. There can be many reasons. For example, damage to plants by pathogens or harmful insects. As a result, the berries grow so small and sour that the owner does not even want to waste time picking them.
Everyone can achieve record harvests, you just need to show the desire and master some secrets of growing shrubs.
A good harvest of currants is laid in the fall
Harvest care must be taken from the fall. Around the bushes, the soil must be loosened, sprinkled with wood ash (a liter can of ash is enough for 1 bush), potato peelings must be dug in, which will rot during the winter.
The trunks are covered with weeded grass without seeds.
Onion hulls and dried potato peels are a top dressing and pest spraying agent.
Starch is essential for currant bushes. If in winter time potato peelings are periodically placed under the plants, then good harvests will not take long.
Currant pest control
Pest control begins after the snow cover disappears. Take a piece of an old rubber overshoe, nail it to a long stick and light it. Each branch of currant must be fumigated with caustic smoke, this is a good preventive measure against aphids, which can significantly reduce the yield of the berry.
Organic currant farming does not tolerate any chemicals. If you want to eat organic berries, use the following method to get rid of scale insects, bud aphids, and prevent powdery mildew. So, before the soil thaws, currant bushes are poured with boiling water from a watering can. There is no need to be afraid of unpleasant consequences, because the water, before it hits the branches, has time to cool down to 70 degrees and the plant does not threaten burns.
In the spring, when the buds are just beginning to bloom, the bushes are sprayed with the Bordeaux mixture and scattered in the trunks of the trunks over a couple of tablespoons of urea.
A week later, the bushes are sprayed again, this time with an infusion made from onion peels. For this you need:
- Boil half a bucket of onion peel with boiling water and leave for a day. Then strain and add water before use (for 1 part of the infusion, 2 parts of water).
- Onion peel (200 g) is poured with 10 liters of warm water and allowed to brew (5 days), filtered and used without dilution.
Sprinkle currant bushes twice with onion infusion, repeat the next time before flowering. For each plant, approximately one liter of infusion is consumed.
Fertilizing currants to increase yields
Flowering currant bushes need to be fertilized. To do this, pour a jar of dried potato peelings with 10 liters of boiling water, wrap the container and set it aside until the product has completely cooled down. Top dressing is applied at the root in the amount of 3 liters.
2 tablespoons of superphosphate, dissolved in 10 liters of water, are applied under the bushes during the formation of an ovary on them. One more sprinkle of onion skins will not hurt.
Watering for the berry is very important, you need to constantly monitor that the ground under the bushes is moist. It is not for nothing that wild currants are found in swampy areas, where they feel great.
Taking note of the recommendations for caring for the shrub described above, you can achieve good results and harvest large, sweet berries annually.
How to get a good harvest of currants
Black, red, white, golden ... Not a single summer cottage is complete without currants. But you often see such a sad picture - there seem to be a lot of bushes, only they are completely affected by pests, and the harvest leaves much to be desired. And it also happens - there are berries, but they are so small that it is even a pity to waste time picking them.
How to get a good harvest of currants? What to do to make the currant berries large? A few simple secrets for caring for currant bushes will allow you to achieve record yields of berries, both in quantity and in quality.
2. How to feed currants for a good harvest
Usually gardeners feed the currants with dung and mullein. Currant respects manure very much, from such nutrition it gives huge leaves, powerful shoots. But such bushes hardly bring any harvest. You can fix the matter with the help of mineral fertilizers. Moreover, potash increases the sweetness of the berries, and phosphoric ones increase their size. Therefore, the bushes are best fed with phosphorus-potassium fertilizers or diammophos.
If there is no fertilizer, use plain ash - it significantly increases yields. Most of all, the need for fertilizers in currants - during the formation of berries and after harvesting.
Feeding currants with potato peelings: how to properly feed starch
Professional gardeners, summer residents cultivating currants, have long noticed the beneficial effect of fertilizers from potato organic matter on the growth and quality of fruiting of this berry crop. The beneficial effect is due to the rich biochemical composition of potatoes, in particular the starchy sugars available and the glucose they contain. They are the main accumulators of the plant's energy resources, which the currant bush and its growing berries especially need.
The properties of potato peel as fertilizer and the benefits of starch for currant bushes
The potato peel, even more than the main part of the root crop, contains a lot of useful chemical elements that nourish the plant no worse than traditional organic and mineral compositions. The main ones are:
- Potassium salts - Promote timely flowering, abundant fruiting, increase the rate of synthesis of carbohydrates. The plant's frost / drought resistance and disease resistance increase.
- Magnesium salts - help in stimulating the growth of the underground part of the plant, increase the number of fruits and increase the sugar content in them, promote the release of water in the ground.
- Calcium - promotes the absorption of important nutrients by the plant, helps transport carbohydrates to ripening fruits.
- Phosphorus - allows you to get an earlier harvest, improves its qualitative, quantitative composition.
Potassium, which is part of the potato peel, stimulates the synthesis of such a high molecular weight carbohydrate as starch, which is especially necessary for the ripening of large currant berries with high quality characteristics. In the form of starchy sugars, plants store their reserves of nutrients, especially intended for future harvest. Read here how to feed black currants in June.
Pros and cons of feeding currants with potato skins
Fertilizer from cut potato peel, in comparison with traditional mineral and organic dressings, has the following advantages:
- cost-effectiveness and availability
- useful for berry culture at all stages of growth
- has a rich microbiological composition
- improves the structure of the soil, increases its fertility
- stimulates the growth of larger fruits
- unlike other organics, it does not stimulate the growth of weeds
- complete environmental friendliness and harmlessness to the environment.
The disadvantages include:
- large enough volumes are required to achieve maximum benefit
- long-term effect is achieved only by regular feeding, otherwise the effect will be minimal
- non-observance of the rules of competent use can lead to the fact that the plant will be attacked by rodents, harmful organisms
- the difficulty of controlling the concentration of the composition introduced into the soil.
Top dressing result
After pruning red and white varieties, as well as black ones, as well as the subsequent feeding of the bush with natural potato organic matter, the content of fertile humus increases significantly. It accumulates micro / macroelements valuable for currants, useful microflora, amino acids. The result of feeding is an improvement in the metabolism in the cell structure of the plant, its enhanced growth, especially of fruits. The berries become larger, the amount of valuable sugars in them increases, and the processes of premature aging slow down.
Although fertilizer from potato peelings is universal, suitable for most garden, berry and fruit plantings, it is not suitable for nightshade crops (blue, peppers, tomatoes), unlike ash. This is due to the fact that this category of plants has diseases similar to potatoes and can be infected with pathogenic microorganisms from potato fertilization. In addition, the micro / macro elements present in these plants are similar to potato ones, so feeding will not be effective and efficient.
How to prepare potato skins
For the preparation of fertilizer, large volumes of potato raw materials are required, but raw cleaning cannot be stored for a long time, they begin to rot and germinate. To prepare and save natural material for future use, while maintaining all its useful properties, there are 2 ways of storing it - preliminary drying or freezing.
For harvesting, they do not use green and cleaned sprouts, they contain a lot of toxic corned beef.
Can I freeze
This method of harvesting is usually practiced in the winter or using a freezer. Before freezing, the raw materials are washed, poured over with boiling water, allowed to drain and dried, the cleaning is laid out in bags in a thin layer or in a shallow container, sent to the cold. Gradually, new layers can be added to the already frozen peel. Find out how to treat brown spots on currant leaves at this link.
The most acceptable storage option is drying potato peelings. You can dry the skins outdoors, indoors, using improvised means to accelerate the drying process (oven, microwave oven, batteries). Full drying in the open air usually takes 10-14 days, in a warm dry place - 14-20 days. You can store dried raw materials in any easily ventilated container. Find out how to feed red currants after flowering here.
Before you put the fertilizer for storage, check its readiness, cleaning should be light, translucent in appearance, easy to break.
Rules for application in the garden
In order for potato fertilizer to be well absorbed by the plant, you need to know some of the nuances of its correct use:
- For feeding, it is better to use dried peelings, infusion or flour from them.
- Freshly cut potato peelings are used only for pre-winter fertilization of the soil under the bushes. They are not suitable for spring, summer feeding, because can lead to the germination of potato eyes, which will adversely affect the development of the plant's rhizomes.
- Fertilizing the soil with dry, not crushed raw materials, you need to know that it is not applied to the very root, is not left open on the surface, but must be added dropwise.
- Peelings from boiled potatoes are not used as fertilizer.
How to lay dry peel potatoes
Dry cleanings are laid at a distance from the bush, within a radius of 0.4-0.7 m around it, along the entire perimeter of the crown projection. They can be placed both on the surface with the obligatory subsequent dropping, and in the previously made grooves. They do not put the raw materials in the trunk circle, under the root, the burial depth is 15-20 cm. To prevent dry organic matter from taking away the moisture so beloved by the currant, moisten the cleaning with water, and then water the entire plant. This article will tell you how to feed currants in spring for a good harvest.
To prepare a concentrated infusion, you can use dried, frozen and freshly cut potato skins. Cooking recipes are simple:
- From dried potato husks. To do this, a 1-liter jar of dry cleaning is poured into 10 liters of boiling water, allowed to brew for 5-6 days and used for spring / summer watering.
- Freshly cut peelings (can be crushed) are filled 1/3 into a suitable container, which is then filled with boiling water by 2/3 and covered for infusion. The mixture must be stirred periodically. After 3-4 days, when a characteristic odor appears, the infusion can be applied. To do this, add 1 liter of infusion to 10 liters of water and water the plants.
Before using ready-made infusions from potato peelings, they should be pre-filtered to remove the skin.
To prepare the gruel, use: dried peel and hot water. In this case, a layer of potato gruel alternates with layers of soil poured into the hole.
It is better to introduce the nutrient composition during planting of the seedling in open ground, directly into the hole under the root. Such organics can be watered at the root of the plant during growth and fruit setting. To do this, the used gruel is filtered and diluted with water in a 1: 2 ratio. This material will tell you about the processing of currants with Bordeaux liquid in spring.
The most versatile type of fertilizer that decomposes quickly in the soil. For its preparation, they take well-dried raw materials and grind it, grinding it into powder. This can be done with a meat grinder, blender, coffee grinder. After receiving the flour, it is sprinkled on paper or cloth for 1-2 days to dry. You can store the powder in cloth bags, in a cool, not damp place. Flour from peelings can be poured under the root of a bush, prepared nutritious gruel from it, dissolved in water for foliar dressing.
Dates of the procedure
The versatility and harmlessness of such an organic fertilizer makes it possible to feed the currant bush in the garden every year, at all stages of its development, practically at any time of the entire growing season and subsequent pre-winter. It is considered optimal 3-4 times feeding per season.
How to feed in the spring
Spring feeding with potato organic matter can be started after the ground has completely thawed, during the period when the night temperatures will not fall below + 5 + 7 ° C. Dry raw materials are used, they are added dropwise to a depth of 15-20 cm, or flour or tinctures from it. During the flowering period, infusion is poured into the grooves around the bush every 10-14 days, the norm is under 1 bush / 3 l.
Do not apply potato organic matter in very early spring, during the period of possible return frosts. They can severely damage the root system of the currant, which is rapidly growing, due to the heat released during the decomposition of such fertilizer, close to the soil.
During the spring planting of seedlings of new varieties of currants, you should definitely add nutritious gruel from the cleanings to the planting hole.
How to fertilize in the fall
During the autumn work on preparing the currant bush for winter, experienced gardeners are advised to fertilize the soil around the entire perimeter of the plant with fresh potato residues.
- fallen foliage and the remnants of weeds are removed from the area under the currants
- the soil around is slightly loosened, while grooves are made with a depth of 10-15 cm
- potato skins are laid with a layer of 3-5 cm
- the groove is filled up, mulching is done from above.
Before applying, for disinfection, rinse the prepared peel with hot water, and then with a weak solution of potassium permanganate.
This procedure can be replaced by 2-fold watering of the shrub in early autumn with a freshly prepared infusion of potato peelings. Consumption rate - 5-6 liters.
under the bush.
For feeding currants with potato peelings, see the video:
Good harvest of currants, Mishkin's way
Black, red, white ... Not a single suburban area is complete without currants. But often you see such a sad picture - there seem to be a lot of bushes, but they are completely amazed at the time.farmers, and the harvest is poor. And it happens so - there are berries, but they are so small that it is even a pity to waste time picking them. How to get a good harvest of currants? What to do to make the currant berries large? A couple of simple secrets for caring for currant bushes will allow you to achieve record yields of berries, both in quantity and in quality.
A good harvest of currants is laid in the fall
Caring for the future harvest of currants begins in the fall. After the leaves fall, the soil under the currant bushes is loosened, a liter can of ash is poured under each bush and potato tops or potato peelings are added around the bush. The trunks are covered with weeds or cut grass. During the winter, you need to stock up on onion peels and dried potato peels - they will come in handy more than once for feeding and spraying bushes during the summer season. And if there is an opportunity to come to the site in winter, it will not be superfluous to rake the snow under the currant bushes and add more potato peelings. Currants really like starch.
How to get a good harvest of currants: spraying
In the spring, when buds begin to bloom on the currants, it is recommended to scatter urea under the bushes at the rate of two or three tablespoons under the bush and spray with Bordeaux liquid. A week later, currant bushes must be sprayed again - this time with infusion of onion peels. The infusion is prepared as follows: Method 1: Pour 200 grams of onion peel with ten liters of warm water and leave for 4-5 days, then strain. Method 2: Fill a bucket with onion peel to half, pour hot water and leave for 24 hours. Then strain and dilute with water in a 1: 2 ratio. For each currant bush, 1 liter of infusion is consumed. Before flowering, spraying with onion infusion should be repeated.
Currant pest control
As soon as the snow melts, it's time to begin the fight against possible pests. A piece of rubber is taken, tied to a stick and set on fire. All currant bushes are fumigated with this smoke. This is the best way to deal with aphids, which can cause significant damage to the crop.
If you strive to grow berries, dispensing with pesticides, plain water will come to the rescue. In this case, even before the soil under the bushes thaws, the currants should be poured with hot water. Boiling water is poured into the watering can and each branch is poured. There is no need to be afraid of bush burns - by the time of contact with the branches, the water will have time to cool down to 60-70 ° C. Such treatment destroys the eggs of currant bud aphids, scale insects, protects against powdery mildew.
Fertilizing currants to increase yields
How to get a good harvest of currants: flowering
During the flowering of currants, the bushes must be fed. To prepare top dressing, a liter jar of dried potato peel, harvested in winter, is taken and poured with ten liters of boiling water. You can cover the bucket of steamed cleanings with something warm and leave to cool completely. Such feeding will need three liters for each currant bush. During the ovary of berries, the bushes should be abundantly spilled with a superphosphate solution at the rate of 2 tablespoons per 10 liters of water. And then again spray with infusion of onion peel. Also, do not forget about watering - the land under the bushes should not dry out, because currants grow much better on moist soils, because in their natural environment currants prefer to grow in swamps.
How to get a good harvest of currants: berries
Taking care of planting currants in a summer cottage in this way, you can get an excellent harvest of large berries (up to 15-22 mm in diameter).
Top dressing of black currant
The yield of black currants is directly dependent on the availability of nutrients in the soil. To feed the plant, use:
- ammonium nitrate
- potassium sulfate.
In the spring, immediately after bud break, currant bushes are fed with ammonium nitrate or urea: 2 tablespoons of ammonium nitrate per 10 liters of water per 1 urea bush: 1 tablespoon of urea per 10 liters of water per 1 bush.
In autumn, about 5 kg of compost, 2 tablespoons of superphosphate and 1 tablespoon of potassium sulfate per 1 bush are applied under the currant bushes.
Black currant responds well to starch feeding. For this purpose, you can dry the potato peel over the winter and prepare a nutrient solution from it in the spring: 1 liter jar of peel is poured with boiling water and infused for two hours. Under each bush, 3 liters of the resulting fertilizer are poured.
In addition to starch, potato peel contains a lot of potassium. Banana peel is also rich in this useful element. Therefore, household gardeners are in no hurry to throw out banana skins, use the following top dressing: soak the peel of 5 bananas in a bucket of water, leave to brew for 2 days, then water the currant bushes. Bananas and potato peels can also be dried in the sun (for further preservation), or raw very finely chopped and buried under the bushes.
Trace elements have a stimulating effect on flowering and the formation of ovaries. Therefore, before flowering, you can spray with such a solution: for 10 liters of water, 5 g of boric acid powder, 2 g of zinc sulfate, 1 g of copper sulfate, 5 g of manganese sulfate, 2 g of ammonium molybdate.
Frequently asked questions
The first time after the snow melts, the second and third before the formation of ovaries.
Is it better to use organic or mineral formulations?
It is cheaper and more effective to use mineral fertilizing. However, if you have the opportunity to introduce ash, mullein or chicken droppings, then you can feed the currants with organic matter. The essence is the same - you add useful trace elements to the plant's diet: potassium, nitrogen, calcium, phosphorus, etc.
Can currants be fed during flowering?
Yes, mix half a matchbox of superphosphate and potassium sulfate in a bucket of water. Stir until the granules are completely dissolved and pour over. Consumption rate - a bucket per bush.
Is it possible to feed the currants after flowering, when the ovaries are forming?
Yes, use ash infusion for this.