Miscellaneous

Calandrinia creethae

Calandrinia creethae


Scientific Name

Calandrinia creethae Tratman ex Morrison

Synonyms

Parakeelya creethae

Scientific Classification

Family: Montiaceae
Genus: Calandrinia

Description

Calandrinia creethae is a low-growing or prostrate, annual plant up to 2 inches (5 cm) tall. The leaves are succulent with elongated (often balloon) shape and up to 2.4 inches (6 cm) long,. The foliage can vary in color from bright green to yellow and pink. The flowers appear, in clusters of 10 or more, on long branched stems. They are 6-petaled blooms, up to 0.5 inch (1.2 cm) in diameter, with long stamens and are white or mauve in color. Flowering usually occurs in spring.

Hardiness

It is grown as an annual plant, so it has no USDA hardiness zone.

How to Grow and Care

Calandrinias are very easy to care for as they can tolerate prolonged dry periods. They do not like to much water, especially in the winter. Plants are able to grow as a short lived perennial in warm regions but should be grown as annuals elsewhere. Propagate by taking cuttings or allow plants to self seed in situ.

If you plan to grow outdoors from seed then Calandrinia species should be sown at a depth of 0.1 inch (3 mm) after the last frost of spring. If you prefer to start off Calandrinias as seeds indoors then they should be started off about 8 weeks before they are due to be put out.

They should be grown at a temperature of 55 to 60 °F (13 to 16 °C) and take from 1 to 2 weeks to germinate. The seedlings of Calandrinia should be planted out with a spacing of about 8 inches (20 cm) following the last possible frost of spring into an area that receives plenty of sun and into a gritty or sandy soil… – See more at: How to Grow and Care for Calandrinia

Origin

Calandrinia creethaeis native to Western Australia (Murchison area).

Links

  • Back to genus Calandrinia
  • Succulentopedia: Browse succulents by Scientific Name, Common Name, Genus, Family, USDA Hardiness Zone, Origin, or cacti by Genus

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Species in the genus Calandrinia are annual or perennial herbaceous plants with a sprawling or erect habit. The leaves are mostly basal and may be either alternate or opposite in arrangement. Flowers are produced in cymes. Each flower produces between four and eleven petals, though often five. Flowers may be white, purple, pink, red, or yellow. [2] [3] [4]

The genus Calandrinia was erected in 1823 by German botanist Carl Sigismund Kunth. [5] [6] It was named for Jean Louis Calandrini (1703–1758), a Genevan botanist. [3]

The genus is classified in the family Montiaceae. [1] It was previously placed in the purslane family, Portulacaceae. [3]

As of 2019 [update] , accepted species in Kew's Plants of the World Online include: [1]

  • Calandrinia acaulisKunth
  • Calandrinia affinisGillies ex Arn.
  • Calandrinia alba(Ruiz & Pav.) DC.
  • Calandrinia arenicolaSyeda
  • Calandrinia baccataObbens
  • Calandrinia balonensisLindl. – broadleaf parakeelya
  • Calandrinia bracteosaPhil.
  • Calandrinia brevipedataF.Muell.
  • Calandrinia breweriS.Watson – Brewer's redmaid
  • Calandrinia caesiaF.Phil. ex Phil.
  • Calandrinia caespitosaGillies ex Arn.
  • Calandrinia calycotrichaPhil.
  • Calandrinia calyptrataHook.f. – pink purslane
  • Calandrinia caroliniiHershk. & D.I.Ford
  • Calandrinia ciliata(Ruiz & Pav.) DC. – fringed redmaid
  • Calandrinia colchaguensisBarnéoud
  • Calandrinia compactaBarnéoud
  • Calandrinia composita(Nees) Benth.
  • Calandrinia compressaSchrad. ex DC.
  • Calandrinia confertaGillies ex Arn.
  • Calandrinia corrigioloidesF.Muell. ex Benth. – strap purslane
  • Calandrinia corymbosaWalp.
  • Calandrinia crassifoliaPhil.
  • Calandrinia creethaeTratman ex Morrison
  • Calandrinia crispisepalaObbens
  • Calandrinia cygnorumDiels
  • Calandrinia cylindricaPoelln.
  • Calandrinia depressaPhil.
  • Calandrinia dielsiiPoelln.
  • Calandrinia dipetalaJ.M.Black
  • Calandrinia dispermaJ.M.Black
  • Calandrinia eremaeaEwart – twining purslane
  • Calandrinia filifoliaRydb.
  • Calandrinia flavaObbens
  • Calandrinia fuegianaGand.
  • Calandrinia galapagosaH.St.John
  • Calandrinia glaucopurpureaReiche
  • Calandrinia gracilisBenth.
  • Calandrinia graminifoliaPhil.
  • Calandrinia granuliferaBenth. – pygmy purslane
  • Calandrinia heterophyllaRydb.
  • Calandrinia hirtellaPhil.
  • Calandrinia hortiorumObbens
  • Calandrinia involucrataPhil.
  • Calandrinia kalanniensisObbens
  • Calandrinia lancifoliaPhil.
  • Calandrinia leucopogonPhil.
  • Calandrinia leucotrichaPhil.
  • Calandrinia linifloraFenzl
  • Calandrinia litoralisPhil.
  • Calandrinia maryoniiS.Moore
  • Calandrinia meyenianaWalp.
  • Calandrinia minutissimaBarnéoud
  • Calandrinia mirabilisChinnock & J.G.West
  • Calandrinia monandra(Ruiz & Pav.) DC.
  • Calandrinia monogynaPoelln.
  • Calandrinia morrisaeGoy
  • Calandrinia mucronulataMeyen
  • Calandrinia nanaPhil.
  • Calandrinia nitida(Ruiz & Pav.) DC.
  • Calandrinia oblongaSyeda & Carolin
  • Calandrinia opertaObbens
  • Calandrinia orariaObbens
  • Calandrinia papillataSyeda
  • Calandrinia paucifloraPhil.
  • Calandrinia pentavalvisObbens
  • Calandrinia pilosiusculaDC.
  • Calandrinia pleiopetalaF.Muell.
  • Calandrinia poeppigianaWalp.
  • Calandrinia pogonophoraF.Muell.
  • Calandrinia polyandraBenth.
  • Calandrinia polycladosPhil.
  • Calandrinia polypetalaFenzl
  • Calandrinia poriferaSyeda
  • Calandrinia primulifloraDiels
  • Calandrinia procumbensMoris
  • Calandrinia ptychospermaF.Muell.
  • Calandrinia pumila(Benth.) F.Muell.
  • Calandrinia quadrivalvisF.Muell.
  • Calandrinia ranunculinaJ.M.Watson, A.R.Flores & Elvebakk
  • Calandrinia remotaJ.M.Black
  • Calandrinia reticulataSyeda
  • Calandrinia rubrisabulosaObbens
  • Calandrinia sanguineaPhil.
  • Calandrinia schistorhizaMorrison
  • Calandrinia setosaPhil.
  • Calandrinia sitiensI.M.Johnst.
  • Calandrinia skottsbergiiGand.
  • Calandrinia solisiPhil.
  • Calandrinia spectabilisOtto & A.Dietr.
  • Calandrinia spergularinaF.Muell.
  • Calandrinia sphaerophyllaJ.M.Black
  • Calandrinia spicataPhil.
  • Calandrinia spicigeraPhil.
  • Calandrinia stagnensisJ.M.Black
  • Calandrinia stenogynaDomin
  • Calandrinia strophiolata(F.Muell.) F.Muell.
  • Calandrinia taltalensisI.M.Johnst.
  • Calandrinia tepperianaW.Fitzg.
  • Calandrinia tholiformisObbens
  • Calandrinia translucensObbens
  • Calandrinia tricolorPhil.
  • Calandrinia tumidaSyeda
  • Calandrinia umbelliformisObbens
  • Calandrinia unifloraF.Muell.
  • Calandrinia villanuevaePhil.
  • Calandrinia villaroeliiPhil.
  • Calandrinia virgataPhil.
  • Calandrinia volubilisBenth.

Calandrinia balonensis is recorded in the 1889 book The Useful Native Plants of Australia as being called "periculia" by Indigenous Australians and that the plant was eaten by Europeans with bread while Indigenous Australians used it as a food when mixed with baked bark. "The seed is used for making a kind of bread, after the manner of that of Portulaca oleracea. (Mueller, Fragm., x., 71.)." [7]

  1. ^ abcd"Calandrinia Kunth". Plants of the World Online. Royal Botanical Gardens Kew . Retrieved 8 January 2019 .
  2. ^
  3. "Calandrinia". vicflora.rbg.vic.gov.au. VicFlora, Royal Botanic Gardens Victoria . Retrieved 11 January 2019 .
  4. ^ abc
  5. Kelley, Walter A. (2003). "Calandrinia". In Flora of North America Editorial Committee (ed.). Flora of North America North of Mexico (FNA). 4. New York and Oxford . Retrieved 11 January 2019 – via eFloras.org, Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
  6. ^
  7. Elvebakk, Arve Flores, Ana Rosa Watson, John Michael (19 March 2015). "Revisions in the South American Calandrinia caespitosa complex (Montiaceae)". Phytotaxa. 203 (1): 1. doi:10.11646/phytotaxa.203.1.1.
  8. ^ Kunth in Humb., Bonpl. & Kunth, Nov. Gen. et Sp. vi. 1823. Page 77. Illustration.
  9. ^
  10. "Calandrinia Kunth". ipni.org. International Plant Names Index . Retrieved 8 January 2019 .
  11. ^
  12. J. H. Maiden (1889). The useful native plants of Australia : Including Tasmania. Turner and Henderson, Sydney.

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If you plan to grow outdooors from seed then Calandrinia species such as Rock Purslane should be sown at a depth of 3 mm (1/10th inch) after the last frost of spring.

If you prefer to start off Calandrinia as seeds indoors, then they should be started off about eight weeks before they are due to be put out.

They should be sown indoors at a temperature of 13 to 15°C (55 to 59°F), and should take from one to two weeks to germinate.

The seedlings of Calandrinia should be planted out with a spacing of about 20 cm (8 inches) following the last possible frost of spring.

Plant into an area that receives plenty of sun, and has a gritty or sandy soil.


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