What is the Difference Between Strawberry and Victoria
Everyone's favorite garden strawberry is hidden under this proud name. It grows in almost every garden plot and every spring it is the first among berries to give the most fragrant vitamins. The sweet aromatic Victoria berry is not only tasty, but also a healthy delicacy for children and adults.
The difference between strawberries and Victoria berries
Strawberries and strawberries come from the same genus. For the consumer, there is no fundamental difference in small differences, but their specialists belong to different types.
Their differences are expressed in certain features:
- Strawberry bushes are different from strawberry bushes large size with a light green abundance of foliage and peduncles towering above them, while in Victoria they lie on the ground under the weight of berries.
- Garden strawberry loves sunny areas, and its wild relative grows beautifully in the shade.
- Victoria (garden strawberry) refers to monoecious plants - this is when male and female flowers are located on the same bush. Large berries appear as a result of cross-pollination. Whereas strawberry is a dioecious plant, this is when there are separate female, separate male bushes. To obtain a crop, it is necessary to plant them in the garden in a ratio of 1: 4.
- Berries differ significantly by size and color of the fruit: in strawberries, they are small up to 5 g with a reddish-purple tint from the sun and pale pink in shade, Victoria has large fruits with a red or pink color.
- Victoria is different high yield, due to the fruiting of all bushes. Unlike strawberries, in which only female rosettes bear fruit.
These factors are the main reason that strawberries can be found only in the wild in the field, or at the dacha of an adorer of this type of berries.
Victoria of various varieties is used for industrial cultivation.
Why are they often confused?
Some gardeners call strawberries large-fruited garden strawberries... This is due to their external similarity. Both of them belong to the Pink family, a fragrant, aromatic genus of Strawberries.
Strawberries are musky or nutmeg strawberries, garden strawberries are pineapple. Both species have the same way of reproduction - they are long, whisker-like shoots. They require the same care.
The history of the origin of the variety and its difference from garden strawberries
The Russians of the 18th century used strawberries and wild strawberries for food. A wild species that grew in glades, forest edges, between bushes in forests. By the tsar's order, they began to grow it in gardens.
Europeans at this time were already working on the selection of new large-fruited strawberry varieties. In France, by pollination of Chilean and Virginia strawberries, a new variety was obtained, named after the Queen of Britain by Victoria.
At the end of the 18th century, she found herself in Russian gardens, becoming the first representative of large-fruited strawberries. Since then, a huge number of different varieties of strawberries have been bred. Among them there are remontants that bear fruit up to 5 times per season... But in many regions, the garden berry continues to be called Victoria.
Victoria is the first large-fruited strawberry variety brought to Russia.
Characteristics, description and compositional differences
Strawberry, a plant with high frost resistance, has aromatic berries with good taste. But it is inferior to Victoria in the size of berries, pallor of colors, productivity. According to the description, the chemical composition of these berries does not differ.
Both types contain mono- and disaccharides, fiber, protein fractions, acids, pectins, vitamins A, B. H, C, E, minerals, trace elements - potassium, calcium, magnesium, sodium, sulfur, phosphorus, chlorine and water, which is 90% of the total mass.
Due to its composition, the berry is indicated for people with metabolic disorders, with diseases of the intestines, thyroid gland, heart, blood vessels, and blood. Berries bring invaluable benefits in the fight against viruses, chronic inflammation of the skin, sugar levels, and gallstone disease.
The content of active antioxidants stimulates the development of memory, prevents the death of brain cells. A small amount of berries eaten drive away depression, why and displace fears.
Effectively used for masks and body care lotions.
To charge the body with energy for a year, you need to eat up to 1.5 kg per day during the berry season.
Differences in care
Proper care of strawberries and strawberries is practically the same, with the exception of choosing a landing site.
Strawberries can grow in the shade; Victoria prefers sunny areas. Moreover, both species delight with abundant flowering. Only the strawberry harvest when picked is small compared to the Victoria harvest.
Planting can be done 2 times per year - in spring and in the second half of summer. In order for Victoria to grow well and delight with the harvest, she needs to create certain conditions.
For a strawberry garden, a flat sunny area protected from the winds with sandy loam soil is suitable. When planning a spring planting, the land must be prepared in the fall. For summer planting, the soil is prepared 1.5-2 months earlier.
- Weed removal
- Fertilization (wood ash, compost or humus)
- Formation of the garden. It should be high when located close to the surface of groundwater, low in their absence. Bushes sit in an even row at intervals 25-35 cm, distance between rows 50 cm
Seedlings are planted in the prepared moistened wells, watered abundantly, after 15-20 days, top dressing is performed.
To protect against weeds, pests, drying out cover the ground around the plants... It can be agrofibre, mulching film, cut grass, straw.
The next step is caring for the planted plants, it consists of:
- Timely watering. Do it better once every 7 days with settled water by sprinkling before flowering when flowers appear under the bushes.
- There should be four fertilizers: 1st in spring, 2nd during flowering, 3rd when pouring the fruit, 4th after harvest.
In late autumn, to protect it from freezing, it is necessary to cover the bed with a layer of mulch up to 8-10 cm.
To protect against sulfur or black rot, spotting, powdery mildew, before flowering, it is necessary to treat Victoria with a solution of potassium permanganate, copper oxychloride or 1% solution of Bordeaux liquid.
The following pests can harm the crop: strawberry mite, spider mite, weevil... You can fight it only after harvesting by treating it with karbofos.
During the ripening of fruits, infusions of dandelions or tomato leaves are used for prophylactic purposes; during flowering, wormwood and tobacco are used. Slugs are collected by hand. Ants respond only to special insecticides. When a nematode appears, only a radical method will help - this is the removal of diseased plants, treatment of the site with bleach.
Of no small importance when growing Victoria is the observance of the rule of transplanting to a new place every 3-4 years.
Garden strawberries are not a whimsical culture, but you will have to spend time and energy to get a good harvest. The plant will thank for this work with berries, which will delight the owner not only in summer in season, but also in winter with jams, preserves, jelly, and freezing.
Strawberries are a genus of herbaceous plants, including both wild species: meadow strawberries and wild strawberries, and cultivated ones. For example, pineapple strawberries. It is characterized by complex trifoliate leaves and shoots spreading in different directions, which have the ability to easily root.
What is the difference between strawberries and victoria - photo of berries
Strawberry flowers are bisexual. The root system is fibrous, located at a depth of no more than 20-25 cm.
The fruits are complex, represented by false berries. The seeds are small enough, located on the surface of the berry. The flowering period is at the end of May. Fruiting begins in July.
Strawberries or strawberries, how is it right, what's the difference? Strawberry is the collective name for several related species. Most often, this is what the common people call strawberries with large berries, obtained as a result of crossing of two wild species - Chilean and Virginian.
The word "strawberry" itself comes from the old Russian "club", which means twisted, round. Also, strawberries are often called green strawberries. It grows in abundance in meadows and forest edges.
Victoria is one of the first varieties of large-fruited garden strawberries. It was first introduced to the territory of Russia in the 18th century.
It is a varietal variety of pineapple strawberry, which is widely grown as a fruit crop.
Why are strawberries called Victoria? The name "Victoria" is very firmly stuck to the strawberries. This happened for one simple reason. When this culture was first introduced to the territory of Russia, there was only one of its varieties - the Victoria berry.
And when someone asked what this newfangled berry was, they answered that it was "Victoria". Since then, this confusion has gone, the name of the species has changed with the name of the variety.
How is strawberry different from victoria?
What is the difference between strawberry and victoria? Strawberry or victoria how right? For greater clarity, you can consider the main differences between strawberries and victoria. So, victoria or vika berry:
- A monoecious plant, that is, on the same bush where Victoria grows, both male and female flowers can be simultaneously located. The berries are the result of cross-pollination.
Ripening strawberries in the garden - photo
- Has dioecious plants. That is, there are only female flowers on one bush, and only male flowers on the other. Therefore, when growing it, it is necessary to plant at least a quarter of male plants, which will act as pollinators.
- Uneven color of berries. On the sunny side, it is reddish-purple, with shaded pink or white.
- The weight of the berries does not exceed a few grams.
- Low yields. This is due to the male plants and smaller berries present in the garden.
- The crop is harvested only once.
It is these facts that will help you understand how strawberries differ from victoria.
Expert opinion Yulia Yurievna
I have a large garden and vegetable garden, several greenhouses. I love modern methods of plant cultivation and soil mulching, I share my experience.
What is the difference between strawberries and victoria - let's summarize. Those large, sweet berries that are cultivated in gardens and are so loved by everyone are large-fruited garden strawberries.
What is Victoria Berry? Since the first variety of this culture that appeared was called Victoria, large-fruited strawberries and other varieties are sometimes called so as a common name. We would like to note that the variety got its name in honor of the Queen of Great Britain.
It was the strawberry that was grown in the middle lane for many years before the appearance of this variety. Her berries are tasty and fragrant, but small, and the bushes are low-yielding.
The appearance of the described plants is similar, but there are differences. Strawberries and strawberries of the Victoria variety what is the difference? Strawberry flower stalks are located above the level of the leaves. The tips of the leaves are distinguished by dissected edges. The buds are not only white, but also pink and purple-lilac. The size of strawberry flowers is smaller than strawberry flowers.
Real strawberry bushes are practically not found in modern gardens. It is wrong to call strawberries or strawberries Victoria. If we look at the origins, this name refers to only one variety.
Further, the genus to which all these plants belong is called the Strawberry of the Pink family. And the strawberry is a species that belongs to this genus.
And although in the scientific literature the berries that are grown in gardens and are sold in bazaars are called Garden strawberries (Fragaria vesca), obtained by crossing two species of fragaria from America, when this plant spread in our latitudes in the 19th century, it began to be called strawberries.
But in the areas of the Volga region, where their own strawberries (Fragaria viridis) grew, garden strawberries are called Victoria, after one of the first varietal varieties.
Difference between strawberries and strawberries
So. Imagine this picture.
Summer. July. Heat. You walk through a suburban area, bend over to pick a small red berry.
“Now, strawberry, I’ll eat you,” flashes through your head.
Stop! Strawberries? Or is it strawberries?
The two plants are often confused. So what is the difference between strawberries and strawberries?
Strawberries are called musk strawberries or nutmeg strawberries.
And garden strawberries - pineapple strawberries. In Latin, strawberry is Fragaria moschata. Garden strawberry - Fragaria ananassa.
Both strawberries and garden strawberries are perennial herbaceous plants of the genus Strawberry of the Pink family. But in the biological nomenclature, they have different names.
Why don't many people distinguish between these two plants? Most likely due to their external similarity. Let's try to find the differences.
Firstly, the height of the strawberry stalk is 25-32 cm, and the height of the strawberry is 20-25 cm.
Secondly, strawberry flowers are usually unisexual, and strawberry flowers are bisexual.
And finally, strawberries, unlike garden strawberries, have light green leaves, strongly corrugated.
Garden strawberry fruit
What is the difference between garden strawberries and strawberries for the consumer? Yes, in principle, nothing. But gardeners should take into account that strawberries are inferior to garden strawberries in terms of yield, although the environmental requirements of these two plants are approximately the same.
The chemical composition of garden strawberries and garden strawberries is almost identical. They consist of more than 90% water and contain a large amount of fiber, vitamins, minerals and trace elements.
Thus, there is no need to argue about which of these two berries brings more benefits to the body.
The content of vitamin C in strawberries and strawberries is very high, which makes them extremely useful for stimulating the body's defenses, as well as extremely beneficial for the cardiovascular system. Vitamin A is good for skin and eye health, B vitamins are responsible for stress resistance and regulation of the nervous system. Trace elements such as potassium, magnesium and sodium regulate the work of the heart, calcium and phosphorus is good for bones and teeth, pectins have a positive effect on the work of the gastrointestinal tract.
Due to its rich composition, strawberries are excellent in the fight against such diseases:
- infectious and viral diseases
- inflammatory diseases
- diseases of the heart and blood vessels
- endocrine system diseases, diabetes of varying severity
- diseases of the kidneys, liver and biliary system
- inflammatory diseases of the skin.
Both plants are highly resistant to frost and have similar growing conditions. Strawberries love to grow in sunny, windless places, preferably near some kind of fence, so that the garden bed is not blown by winds in winter. Strawberry prefers fertile soil, prone to root rot in wetlands.
Plants that are preferable to grow near strawberries are corn and legumes. Growing close to the nightshade family can be a challenge.
As for caring for strawberries, she loves loosening the soil and abundant watering. These plants are very responsive to the application of organic fertilizers, which increase the plant's immunity and affect the yield.
Curly strawberry varieties
A dozen years ago, a group of climbing varieties was represented by a modest number of species, but now everything is different. Moreover, interesting varieties, blooming not only white, but also pink, delighting with tasty berries, were bred.
|Name||Description||Features of the|
|Tuscany (Italy)||Strong bushes, whiskers - 80-100 cm. Berries weighing 10-15 g, conical, bright red with strawberry aroma. Collect 0.5-0.7 kg from the bush.||She won the international FleuroStar competition (2011).|
|Elizabeth II (England)||Large-fruited variety. Berries are lined, rich red color, with shine. Fees - 2-3 times per season.||Begins to bloom in May, fruiting until autumn. The weight of the berries is 40 g.|
|Alba (Italy)||Included in the State Register (2014), early and disease resistant. The berries are red, weighing 20-30 g.||The variety is susceptible to damage by anthracnose and requires mandatory preventive treatments.|
|Ostara (Netherlands)||Early ripening. The main collection is the end of summer. 1-1.2 kg are collected from the bush.||The first batches of berries are larger (60-70 g), then 20-30 g.|
|Fresco||Small plants with high immunity to infections. Cold resistant. The berries are sweet, aromatic.||Fruits weighing 16-20 g are harvested from June to September.|
|F1 novel (Netherlands)||The berries are drop-shaped, weighing 20-25 g, fruiting from May to early October. In an apartment or a greenhouse - all year round.||Pink flower petals, fruitful. Suitable for growing on the balcony.|
|Cletter star (Netherlands)||Small plants with raised peduncles. When ripe, the fruits go down, forming garlands. Berries 16-20 g, juicy, bright red color. Delicate aroma, sweetness, density are the main characteristics of the "rising star".||High yielding, drought tolerant.|
|Eternity F1||A hybrid with pink flowers. 0.3-0.5 kg are harvested from the plant.||Remontant. High winter hardiness.|
|Tristan (Netherlands)||Beautiful conical fruits, dark purple, glossy. Weight - 28-30 g. With pink petals.||Neutral daylight hours. 0.8-1 kg of berries are harvested from the bush.|
|Temptation (Netherlands)||Productive, disease resistant. Forms up to 15-20 peduncles. Early ripe, gives 3-4 waves of berries per season.||Repair hybrid F1. Fees from a bush - 1.2 kg. High assimilation ability.|
|Geneva (USA)||Powerful and squat plants, bent flower stalks. Berries are 40-50 g, after the first harvest they are crushed to 20-25 g.||Remontant. Rejuvenation - every three years. Stable fruiting even in unfavorable seasons.|
What is the difference between strawberries and strawberries?
What is the difference between strawberries and strawberries?
Many garden strawberries are called strawberries. In fact, it is usually garden strawberries that are grown. Strawberries are another botanical species. Strawberries have “female” flowers on some bushes, and “male” flowers on others, and strawberries have bisexual flowers. Strawberries are smaller than garden strawberries, sweeter and more aromatic. The color of the berries is paler in strawberries.
Strawberry is a type of strawberry - musky strawberry or nutmeg strawberry. Its berries are very tasty and fragrant, but unfortunately they are small and it is low-yielding, therefore it usually grows only in the wild. What is grown in summer cottages is not strawberries, "summer cottages" and "victoria" are large-fruited garden strawberries of different varieties.
Strawberry flower stalks and berries are located much higher than the leaves and the edges of the leaves are strongly dissected. The strawberry leaves are not so dissected, and the berries and flowers are not higher than the leaves. Strawberry flowers are white, pink and light purple, they are smaller than strawberries.
By the way, a hybrid of wild strawberries and strawberries - earthworm was bred, combining some of the advantages of these berries. Although you can buy a dug-out on the Internet, the culture has not yet received much distribution.