Yielding, early, ornamental - Pleven grape variety
A beautiful arch or gazebo entwined with grapes with large ripe amber clusters is the dream of many gardeners and winegrowers. Grapes of the Pleven variety will help to bring it to life - unpretentious, consistently productive and tall. Read more about it in more detail.
Many-sided Pleven - variety description
Pleven grape variety - Bulgarian selection
Pleven grape variety - Bulgarian selection. It was bred by specialists from the Institute of Viticulture in the city of Pleven, and therefore received such a name. His parents are Amber and Italy varieties. The crossing resulted in a table grape variety with excellent consumer properties - early ripening and fruitful.
The institute has collected a huge gene pool and is conducting purposeful work by Ivanov, Vulchev and other scientists to develop grape varieties with increased resistance to low temperatures.
The most famous and widespread varieties are Pleven Ustoichny, Muscat and Evropeysk varieties obtained as a result of this activity of the Institute of Viticulture, the selection of which was the Pleven grape.
The parental couple of the Resilient, also known as Phenomenon, Augustine, V25 / 20, were Pleven and Vilar Blanc. Muscat is obtained from crossing the Druzhba and Straseni varieties. European, known as V52 / 46, Super Pleven or Eurostandard, descended from the pair Pleven and Friendship.
A few words about these heirs of Pleven:
- Pleven Stable has good resistance to the influence of winter cold, easy to care for, transportable, little susceptible to diseases and damage to pests. The variety is early ripe, fruitful. It is in the state register since 2002, it is recommended for cultivation in the North Caucasus region.
The variety is early ripe, fruitful. In the state register since 2002
- Pleven Eurostandard is a high-yielding berry that ripens quickly and has a harmonious taste and large clusters.
Its fast ripening berries have a harmonious taste and large clusters.
- Pleven Muscat with dense bunches, accumulating up to 21% sugar in berries, in favorable weather can ripen in a hundred days from the beginning of the growing season. Its yield is very high. It is often used in winemaking.
The yield of the variety is very high. Often used in winemaking
Characteristics of the variety
Pleven - very early ripening table grapes
Pleven is a table grape with a very early ripening period, which, depending on the region of cultivation, fluctuates within 90-120 days from the beginning of the growing season. It is distinguished by a high yield of marketable products.
The bushes of this grape variety have great vigor and are therefore very suitable for design purposes.
A lot of inflorescences are formed, rationing is necessary to regulate the load on the vine.
Flowers are bisexual, pollinated very well.
Pleven bunches are of medium density, cylindrical in shape, with the lower part converging on a cone. The variety is not prone to peeling even when the bush is overloaded.
Large berries of Pleven, egg-shaped, acquire an amber-yellow color when ripe. Their taste is harmonious and the aroma contains notes of nutmeg. The skin of the berries is dense, the flesh underneath is fleshy and juicy. Berries that are not harvested in a timely manner from the bush can remain on the vine for almost three weeks without losing their good taste and appearance. They are not damaged by wasps.
The variety has good frost resistance and is not very susceptible to mildew and mildew disease.
The harvested crop is perfectly stored; during transportation it does not lose its appearance and taste.
Autumn pruning of the Pleven variety is carried out depending on the place of growth: in the southern regions they make a short pruning, to the north - a long one.
Pleven is propagated by cuttings that root perfectly. Its vine can also be used for grafting other grape varieties.
This variety is one of the few recommended for beginner winegrowers, since it does not require special agricultural techniques, increased attention or special growing conditions.
This variety is one of the few recommended for beginner growers.
The main parameters of the variety - table
From Bulgaria to Siberia - how to grow Pleven grapes
A native of Bulgaria has long been grown by Siberians on their backyards
Imagine, it really is! A native of Bulgaria has long been grown by Siberians on their backyards, along with other varieties of early ripening. The main thing, in the case of planting Pleven in regions where there are stress factors on grapes, is the observance of a number of rules:
- with a high level of groundwater, the site that is prepared for planting grapes is certainly well drained;
- the entire plot allocated for grapes is dug up and at the same time organic matter is introduced;
- a grape bush is planted on a mound of soil, which serves both to drain excess moisture and to protect the root system from low temperatures;
- planting one vine is done at a distance of at least two meters from the other;
- pits for planting grapes are prepared in advance, filling them by a third with fertile soil and humus;
- when planting a vine, the level of its burial is monitored so that the root collar is above the soil level;
- the seedling must be tied to a support;
- the soil near the planted vines is certainly mulched;
- the first ten days after planting, they carefully control the soil moisture, water the seedlings in a timely manner and loosen the soil after that.
Irrigation and fertilization schedule - table
For the entire growing season, three treatments of grapes with fungicides are carried out to prevent fungal diseases.
For the winter, grapes are covered by removing them from a support and bending to the ground, or creating a shelter that resembles a greenhouse. Materials for creating insulation should not be film, it is necessary that they allow air and moisture to pass through.
Reviews of gardeners
From the information provided, it is clear that the work of the Bulgarian breeders was not in vain. The Pleven variety they bred is popular with winegrowers and has spread widely even in territories whose climatic conditions create additional difficulties for growing grapes in general. Once again, it should be emphasized the simplicity of Pleven and the availability of its cultivation for novice winegrowers.
Rate the article:
(5 votes, average: 5 out of 5)
Share with your friends!
Veles does not need advertising. Everyone I showed it to asked for a seedling. The berries are gorgeous, seedless, small rudiments are not felt. Disease resistance is good, the bunch does not need to be thinned, the berries do not rot, they are not damaged by wasps. I'll plant a few more bushes. I don't know about frost resistance - I cover grapes for the winter.
Maryan, 53 years old, Lviv region
In our area, with a load of four brushes per bush, each weighing 500-600 g, "Veles" ripened in mid-August. After flowering, I thinned out the bunches. The berry pleased me with its amazing nutmeg taste, although many of them were with seeds. The last two years, the grapes have practically not been sick. I like the variety, I will continue to watch.
Last season, Veles' harvest was fully ripe at the end of July. On average, the fruits are 4-5 g. Pleasant nutmeg, delicate sweet pulp and just a gorgeous look of the brush. Of the minuses - uneven ripening of berries. From personal experience, I checked that in order to obtain a high-quality harvest, they must be thinned out. I came to this conclusion after the maturation of the stepson. The smaller the bunch, the more uniform the coloring and ripening of the berries, while there were no rotten or cracked ones.
Andrey, 34 years old, Vinnytsia region
This year, Veles' signal clusters pleased: good pollination, the berry is practically not inferior to Radiant, excellent nutmeg. In our area, not only this grape is completely seedless, but also Kishmish Zaporozhye seedless. I removed most of the inflorescences so as not to reduce the growth rate of the plant. Despite the fact that the bushes were grown from seedlings of the second category (growth of 4 cm, the thickness of the vine at the base is 4 mm), they develop vigorously. Mushroom sores at the level of complex resistant varieties. By the way, he let the bunches hang after ripening: they “held on” for two weeks, and then massive cracking and decay of the berries began.
When compiling the article, materials from the sites were used: