Features of different varieties and hybrids of pepper
Read part 1 How to choose a pepper variety or hybrid that suits you
If you are a busy person and a tough pragmatist
Alas, nothing can be done about it, but pepper is not a plant for our climate at all, and our northern summer, as a rule, turns out to be far from affectionate in our Urals.
Therefore, pepper itself does not grow in our climate, and you will have to look after it a lot. If you are firmly convinced that you do not have enough strength and time to create supernatural conditions for the pepper, but at the same time you want to get a solid pepper harvest, then you need to forget about the exotic and stop at the most cold-tolerant and high-yielding hybrids. There are not so many of them, but still there is a choice.
True, it should be borne in mind that their seeds are the most expensive, and you will pay a very, very decent amount for them. In general, the harsh principle: "the more expensive, the better", here, as a rule, works 100%. But believe me, these hybrids are worth it.
Atlant F1. This very large-fruited early ripe hybrid made a splash among amateur gardeners. The giant hybrid lives up to its name. Its powerful bushes reach a height of 1 m, and delight with a harvest of very beautiful elongated, dark red, very large fruits weighing up to 500 g with a wall thickness of 9-11 mm. A salad made from one pepper can feed the whole family. The hybrid is resistant to tobacco mosaic virus, is capable of producing excellent yields and is the best of the sweetest varieties and hybrids available today.
Talion F1. Perhaps, for today it is the largest hybrid. Its fruits are prismatic, elongated, deep red, can reach 800 g (!) And have a wall thickness of 9 mm to 1.5 cm.You will not find such a pepper wall in any other hybrid (there is no need to talk about varieties) ... Naturally, such huge fruits can form only on very powerful plants - they reach a height of 120 cm. In our climate, it is also important that such powerful plants form an early harvest - 90-100 days pass from germination to technical ripeness.
Denis F1. An extremely popular hybrid, powerful and delicious. It enjoys well-deserved love among gardeners for large - up to 500 g, thick-walled - up to 1 cm, shiny red fruits. High resistance to the tobacco mosaic virus and early maturity allow you to get an excellent harvest of really sweet fruits, even in areas of risky farming.
Indalo F1. This reliable and very well-proven mid-season hybrid has been among the leaders in yield, fruit quality and unpretentiousness for several years. The only thing is that its fruits do not turn yellow quickly (in biological ripeness they are very beautiful, bright yellow), and most of them have to be processed in green form, but the quality is simply amazing. Huge fruits with thick walls (10 mm) and very tasty. In addition, the hybrid is very unpretentious and develops quickly, which is very noticeable, especially in the early stages of development. Plants 110-120 cm high.
Kerala F1. A very promising mid-early hybrid up to 1 m in height with large fleshy cuboid fruits of yellow color and wall thickness up to 10 mm, all of them are right for selection. Very tasty and with their bright yellow color they look spectacular in any blanks.
Cardinal F1. This early ripe hybrid will help bring some variety to the standard red-yellow pepper range, as its fruits are purple in color. But the thickness of the walls here is less - up to 8 mm, and the plants themselves reach a height of 1 m.
Shai Beauty F1. A very interesting and promising early hybrid that will delight you with large cuboid, very sweet fruits with a wall thickness of up to 1 cm. The fruits are very beautiful and gradually change their color from orange to dark red as they ripen. The hybrid has excellent adaptability to various growing conditions.
Latino F1. The hybrid is early ripe and will delight you with a large harvest of beautiful cuboid, bright red fruits with a wall thickness of 10 mm. The plants themselves are up to 100 cm high and are resistant to tobacco mosaic virus and potato Y virus.
Aries F1. Mid-season hybrid with standard large prismatic, dark red fruits weighing 290-310 g. Plants are tall, 130-140 cm. Fruit wall thickness is up to 7 mm.
If you have to compromise: "so that the seeds are not too expensive, but the plants are yielding enough"
Alas, the seeds of the highly productive hybrids listed above are not affordable for everyone. But don't panic. There are many interesting and fairly productive hybrids that can earn your recognition and not overspend. Although the harvest, of course, will be less, and the fruits will be not so large and not with such thick walls. But you will not be left without pepper: eat it fresh and prepare it for future use. And you won't have to complain about the monotony here either - as in other groups, here you will also find hybrids with fruits of all colors and shades.
Gourmet F1. This is an early ripe (ripens on 95-100 days) and a fairly productive hybrid. The bushes are compact, medium-sized, 50-80 cm high. The bright red fruits, although not as thick-walled as in expensive hybrids, but the wall thickness of 6-8 mm is quite real.
Night F1. This mid-late hybrid is attractive for its very unusual, dark purple color of tasty fruit, which changes to bright red at the stage of biological ripeness. Its low plants are practically strewn with fruits, which, although not large, are very tasty and aligned - up to 2 kg of fruits can be obtained from each plant.
F1 Snegirek. The early ripe hybrid Snegirek is also worthy of your choice. Its fruits are large, trapezoidal, dark green at first, and then red with a wall thickness of 6-7.5 mm. The plants themselves are tall and in a greenhouse can reach heights of up to 1.5 - 2 m, grow very intensively and bear fruit continuously. In addition, Snegirek is adapted to unfavorable northern conditions and low illumination, which is a serious plus in the Urals.
Freckle F1. This new early hybrid, perfectly adapted to unfavorable growing conditions, up to 1 m in height, is able to set fruit well even in unfavorable weather conditions. Differs in beautiful orange prismatic fruits with a wall thickness of 6-7 mm and a high content of dry matter, vitamin C and sugars.
Ledoro F1. You will not go wrong if you opt for this high-yielding early maturing low (bush height 60-70 cm) hybrid. He, of course, is inferior to highly productive Dutch hybrids, but among the Russian ones it rightfully takes one of the prizes. The hybrid is very plastic to unfavorable weather conditions and will delight you with very sweet beautiful aligned large bright yellow cuboprism-shaped fruits with thick (7-9 mm) walls.
Violet F1. This early high yielding tall hybrid will perfectly complement your multicolored pepper collection. Its four-chambered, cuboidal with a wall thickness of 6-7 mm, fragrant and tasty fruits are first light purple, and then gradually turn dark red. And the plants themselves are perfectly adapted to unfavorable weather factors.
Blondie F1. And if you really want to plant a fruitful, unpretentious and at the same time unusual pepper, then pay attention to the early ripe hybrid of Dutch breeding under the name Blondie. Its beautiful cuboid fruits have rather thick walls (7-9 mm), and their color varies from ivory in technical ripeness to bright yellow in biological ripeness. The bushes themselves are strong and erect, but not high (60-80 cm). The hybrid is distinguished by excellent fruit set and complex disease resistance.
Jupiter F1. Such a big name was given to a new high-yielding medium-early hybrid of Dutch selection, which is adapted to a wide range of growing conditions, including it can be grown during our unpredictable summer. Its low (60-80 cm), but strong and well leafy plants will delight you with an excellent harvest of beautiful cuboid red fruits with rather thick walls (6-8 mm).
Svetlana Shlyakhtina, Yekaterinburg
It is important to know in what month it will be best for Giant Red to plant pepper on seedlings. Again, it takes into account where the seedlings will be planted in the end. If to the greenhouse - it is better to sow in February, and if to the street - the terms are slightly postponed (by about a month). This approach is due to the fact that the seedlings are planted on the ridges 60 days after germination. If we consider that the planting in the greenhouse is planned for mid-May, then the time when we sow peppers for seedlings is just mid-February. For open ground, the time for sowing seeds is March, since the seedlings will grow for a couple of months, then the planting will take place in June, when the threat of spring frosts has finally passed.
Not everyone knows whether to dive pepper at home? If the seedlings are planted in common containers, it is necessary. Seedlings dive with 2 formed cotyledon leaves.
While the seedlings are indoors, the pepper is fed twice a day, for which they usually use preparations for seedlings.
The scheme of planting in the ground is 40x70 cm. Tall plants are grown on a trellis, the formation is carried out in 2 stems. Stunted ones do not form or tie. The culture is demanding on soil moisture and fertility.
Features of growing pepper
The pepper is grown through seedlings. Sowing seeds is recommended 70-75 days before planting in a permanent place. Sowing depth 2 - 4 cm. Optimum temperature for seed germination is 26-28 ° С.
When two true leaves appear on the plants, they are transplanted into separate cups with a capacity of 0.3-0.5 liters. Peppers do not like transplanting, so do not be surprised if, after you have transplanted the seedlings in separate containers, they temporarily stop growing. You can "smooth out" the stress state a little by spraying the plants with Epin.
When to plant pepper seedlings in the ground
After the threat of recurrent frosts has passed, the seedlings can be planted in a permanent place. Someone plants in May already in open ground, and someone only under a covering material or under a film, it all depends on the climatic conditions of your region.
When planting seedlings of sweet pepper Giant red F1 in the ground for 1 sq. It is recommended to place up to 4 plants per meter of the plot. Peppers are planted in the ground without deepening, but in exactly the same way as it grew in cups. Pepper plants, unlike tomatoes, very rarely give lateral roots, so there is no point in deepening.
Further, planting care consists of timely watering, fertilizing and loosening the soil.
Early sweet peppers
Among the current variety on seed counters, there is a large selection of early sweet peppers. They differ from each other not only in size, taste and shade, but also in ripening time and care characteristics.
The term for fruiting for this vegetable is longer than the duration of the summer period, so many gardeners grow early and super-early varieties of bell peppers.
Pepper is a vegetable from the category of pepper plants. In our country, Bulgarian (sweet, salad) peppers and hot chili peppers are usually grown.
In some regions, it also grows outdoors, but in order to get a good harvest, it is advisable to plant it in a greenhouse. In any case, planting early varieties of pepper for permanent germination is allowed only after the end of the threat of frost.
The best varieties of hot peppers in terms of ripening
On the Asian territory of our country (the Far East, Siberia, the Urals), frosts are almost until mid-spring, so here mostly bitter early maturing and cultivars for greenhouse forcing are "lingering" here. But in Central Russia and in the south, gardeners are also not averse to planting early ripe varieties of hot peppers - the sooner you plant such peppercorns, you try earlier. In the State Register of the Russian Federation, there are mainly early ripening and medium early varieties of spicy vegetable crops.
Most of the varieties of hot pepper shown in the photo are early ripening and mid-early cultivars.
Video: varieties and hybrids of hot peppers
Early ripe varieties of hot peppers
The ripening period of early ripening varieties of bitter pepper is 90 days.
Sharp tongue F1
Early ripening The sharp tongue from Gavrish refers to medium-sized peppers with a semi-spreading crown. The hybrid feels great both in summer greenhouses and in the ground. Large cone-shaped fruits (20 g each) with glossy redness and a classic pungent aftertaste are the highlight of marinades and pickles.
A sharp tongue is able to bear fruit until autumn, the yield reaches 4 kilograms per square meter when grown in a shelter
Early ripe Hungarian yellow (originator Sedek) can be plucked at the stage of technical maturity - the fruits become fragrant and bitter, colored in a pale yellow color. When fully ripe, the peppers acquire a red color, gain weight - up to 60 g and become pronouncedly spicy. This ground greenhouse pepper is able to bear fruit for a long time, while the yield reaches 6.5 kg / m 2.
Hungarian yellow gourmets are classified as salad varieties (wall thickness - 4 mm), but it is also often put in jars when canning vegetables and frozen for future use.
The agrofirm search invites us to plant a low-yielding red-fruited pepper of an original shape, the pungency of which is impressive. This is Ram's horn - a pepper for whole-fruited pickling. Many who have tried the Ram's Horn with narrow scarlet fruits, bent at the end, say that it is quite spicy and the juiciest of all domestic early-ripening peppers. It is grown everywhere - in the north and in the southern regions, it bears fruit well at home, but more often it is planted in the beds (yield - 3.8 kg / m 2). Fruit weight - 20 g. The variety is not afraid of excess moisture and heat.
Ram's horn is our favorite mild pepper. At least add to the pickle, at least to the salad, at least to borscht or meat with a bite. And I have an intolerance to sweet pepper - there is no such thing with a spicy one. I put it in a pot, start to sing in the forefront.
Video: Pepper Lamb Horn
Lightning - black, red, gold
The early ripening hybrid Lightning F1 is presented in three "nominations" in the State Register of the Russian Federation - red (Lightning red F1), dark burgundy (Lightning black F1) and orange (Lightning gold F1). All three varieties are tall, grow relatively well in the greenhouse and in the beds, belong to peninsular peppers with fruits in the form of a cone, they originally emphasize both fresh snacks and pickled ones.
Photo gallery: bitter pepper variety Lightning F1The most productive (more than 8 kg per square meter) and large-fruited (almost 200 g) from this group is the Molniya Zolotoy variety. Pepper with a classic color - Lightning red - almost does not differ from the previous one, only the fruits are slightly smaller - one hundred grams The most fragrant - Lightning black (fruits 80-90 g each) - got its name due to the fact that at the stage of vegetation until fully ripe, the fruits are painted in a dark purple color
Table: early varieties of hot pepper
Photo gallery of some early ripe bitter peppersThe slight pepiness of the Bandit pepper allows you to eat it fresh The fiery volcano belongs to the bouquet-type peppers Jubilee VNIISSOK is a versatile and unpretentious pepper Sirin is the only thick-walled hot pepper sometimes confused with Bulgarian The fire dragon is undersized, but bears fruit no worse than a powerful tall one - all strewn with long-fruited peppercorns
What mid-season varieties of "fire" seasoning are most popular
Pepper with an average ripening period picks up the baton of yield from early ripening and bears fruit almost to frost. The ripening period of mid-season varieties of hot vegetables is 100-110 days.
Classic hot pepper from the company Russian Seeds - Ogonyok - it is unlikely that among summer residents and spicy lovers there is someone who has not heard of it. Elongated twenty-gram red-burgundy peppers with hard pulp (1.5 mm) are famous for their strong peppery aroma and pronounced bitterness - such a seasoning will highlight any dishes and marinades. The fire is often planted in the ground, but the pepper also bears fruit well in the shelter - up to 3.8 kg / m 2. The variety is resistant to verticillium and reacts painlessly to drought.
Video: bitter pepper Fire
An excellent addition to marinades - Burning nose. The fruits are proboscis-like with a deep red glossy shade of the peel, the mass of a medium-sized pepper is 20–30 g. Pleasant bitterness, moderately thick flesh (4 mm) are the advantages of the variety. Pepper bush Pungent nose, semi-spreading, low, sensitive to light, but easily surviving hot weather.
The yield exceeds 3.5 kg per square meter of the plot The burning nose bears fruit well both in the greenhouse and in the ground
Small-fruited undersized variety Bride is a bouquet-type bitter pepper with small cone-shaped fruits, the skin of which has different shades from light orange to burgundy at different stages of ripening. Glossy fruits gain 7-10 g each, suitable for whole-fruit canning. The dried peppers make an excellent seasoning, the Bride is a rather spicy and highly aromatic sort of hot vegetable.
Many people grow the Bride pepper on a windowsill, in the ground this variety also has a high return - up to 2 kg per square meter
It is impossible not to mention the bitter pepper Tsitsak with Armenian-Georgian roots - a vegetable with a real Caucasian character, sweet-spicy and very aromatic. This tall variety (60–100 cm) is the result of folk selection. Fruits are bright red elongated with a smooth skin, weighing 30-50 g. Tsitsak is dried, dried, frozen, seasonings are prepared from it, juicy pulp with a speck is added to marinades and pickles. It is a high-yielding variety (almost 4 kg / m2) with excellent fruit keeping quality.
Tsitsak - I grow in the garden. Pepper of medium heat. It can be eaten, pickled, salted. The bushes are low, strong, covered with peppers. The color of the fruit changes from light green to bright yellow and then turns red.
Tsitsak is photophilous and demanding of heat, prefers fertile soils - it is better to grow him in a shelter
Table: mid-season hot pepper varieties
Photo gallery of mid-season varieties of bitter pepperSmall-fruited Little Prince will be an excellent decoration for pickles in whole-fruited canning With a light spice and a pleasant aroma - My mother-in-law - is distinguished by a high yield of the harvest Indian elephant - classic paprika with a pleasant, moderately pungent taste Eagle's claw is a worthy addition to first and second courses Hot pepper has a Dagger and the shape and taste correspond to the name
Late Ripening Bitter Pepper - Jalapeno Bully
Another brainchild of specialists Gavrish - Hooligan Jalapeno - is the only late-ripening representative of a hot vegetable from the State Register of the Russian Federation. This is a low-growing variety with a compact crown, the maximum return per square meter is 3.9 kg. According to gardeners, trapezoidal bright red fruits with dense but juicy pulp are famous for their "soft pungency", the walls are up to 8 mm thick, and the weight of the fruit is almost 90 g. These peppers are chosen for preparing preparations for the winter, fresh salads and hot spicy snacks ...
They say that it is better to grow Jalapenos in a greenhouse or on a window, but with a soil planting, the yield of the hybrid does not change.