Water lilies or water lilies in your garden
Delicate flowers blooming on the water surface captivate with their mysterious beauty, and you just want to take them from the reservoir with you and settle them on your site to admire again and again! Water lily, water lily, nymphea - all these are the names of one of the most beautiful aquatic plants of the nymphaean genus, the water lily family, and in India and Egypt, some types of nymphs have long been called the lotus.
Delicate flowers blooming on the water surface captivate with their mysterious beauty, and you just want to take them from the reservoir with you and settle them on your site to admire again and again!
Water lily, nymphea - all these are the names of one of the most beautiful aquatic plants of the nymphea genus, the water lily family, and in India and Egypt some species of nymphs have long been called the lotus. sea lilies! In appearance, they vaguely resemble beautiful water lilies, only unlike real flowers, they can freely move along the seabed, since in reality they are primitive sea animals, relatives of sea stars.
In warm countries, water lilies of lilac shades, blue and purple grow
Various representatives of water lilies can be found in the most remote corners of the globe: traditional white, all kinds of shades of pink, burgundy, red, orange, yellow. In warm countries, water lilies of lilac shades, blue and purple grow. These varieties of nymphs do not survive in the Russian climate; they can only be grown in insulated winter gardens. The rest of the water lilies safely endure the winter, and are suitable for growing in central Russia.
Video about planting a water lily
If you are fired up with the idea of settling a beautiful water lily on your site, you will need to:
- foresee in advance a reservoir of the required depth, depending on the variety of nymphea
- choose a sunny place for the location of the reservoir;
- calculate how many plants to plant so that they are not cramped;
- prepare a suitable soil;
- think over how and where the water lilies will winter.
We create optimal conditions for a water lily
Would you like to watch the water lily bloom beautiful flowers among the floating shiny leaves on the surface of the water all summer long? Then the reservoir for it should be placed in a sunny place so that trees and tall shrubs are located on the north side, without shading the reservoir. In the shade, the water lily will not bloom, although some varieties of nymphea need a few hours of sunshine for abundant flowering.
The water lily will not bloom in the shade
You may find the idea of planting swamp lilies in a small fountain on your site as beautiful. You shouldn't do this, because water lilies like standing water. Any body of water is suitable for growing water lilies: whether it be plastic containers intended for digging in, old cast-iron baths, barrels or a miniature pond created with your own hands. See how beautiful dwarf water lilies look in small containers - you will find a photo in the corresponding tab.
Based on the depth of the reservoir, choose varieties of water lilies:
- plant dwarf plants with a flower diameter of up to 10 cm at a depth of 15 cm;
- in containers up to 30 cm deep, you can grow small water lilies with flowers up to 15 cm in diameter, on the surface of the water the plant will occupy an area of 70 to 110 cm;
- medium nymphs with flowers of a slightly larger diameter and an area of about 120-150 cm are planted to a depth of 60 cm;
- at a reservoir depth of 50 cm to 1 m, large lilies feel comfortable, the diameter of their flowers reaches 25 cm, and on the surface of the water one plant occupies an area of one and a half to two meters.
When planning how many water lilies to plant in one pond, keep in mind that the water surface, covered with water lily leaves by a maximum of two-thirds, looks most natural and harmonious.
Plant dwarf plants with a flower diameter of up to 10 cm at a depth of 15 cm
We plant the water lily in the ground
Medium and dwarf water lilies grow beautifully for several seasons in containers ranging from 10 liters to 50 liters. It is convenient to grow water lilies in containers equipped with handles, because at any time you can rearrange them to another place or change the immersion depth, having achieved the desired decorative effect.
Marsh lily does well in containers filled with a mixture of rotted pine needles, leaf compost and river sand. Pour a 2 cm layer of small pebbles on the bottom for drainage, and fill the rest of the container with the substrate. This substrate will quickly silt up, providing the water lily with the necessary nutrients for good growth and abundant flowering. Place the rhizome of the plant in a container so that the growing point is above the substrate, sprinkle it with coarse sand on top, then when the container with a water lily is immersed in water, no turbidity will arise.
Immerse the container with the lily in the pond first to a shallow depth so that the leaves can reach the water surface. With the appearance of new leaves, the river lily moves deeper.
How water lily winters - care in autumn and spring
In deep reservoirs, in which the rhizomes of water lilies are at a depth of more than 70 cm, that is, below the level of freezing of water, plants can safely endure the winter, especially for such a widespread species in Russia as the white water lily. If you are growing nymphs in smaller ponds and containers, in the fall you will need to take care of how your plants will winter.
In the spring, as soon as the water in the reservoirs begins to warm up, the nymphs will wake up
There are various ways of wintering water lilies. For example, at the end of October, you can pack containers with water lilies in plastic bags and move them to a frost-free basement, where the temperature is kept at +5 degrees in winter. It doesn't make much sense to immerse them in water in the basement, the water lilies will perfectly survive without water, in hermetically tied plastic bags, which will not allow the young leaves and the plant's growth point to freeze.
Another option is to leave water lilies in the pond at a depth of about half a meter, throwing snow on top to form a large snowy hill, one and a half meters high. Under such a shelter, water lilies will not freeze even in severe frosts. You can also transfer containers with lilies in a pre-dug hole in late autumn and bury them there at a depth of 50 cm, and in the spring you can get them and return them to the reservoir.
Video about water lilies in the garden
In the spring, as soon as the water in the reservoirs begins to warm up, the nymphs will wake up. If there is a lack of melt water in the reservoir, just add tap water there, and do not be confused that after a few days the water will turn cloudy green - after a week it will regain transparency.
In May, remove the water lilies from the pond, remove all the withered old leaves and clean the pond itself from organic debris so that the water does not "bloom" in it. For the rest, the nymphs do not need special care; throughout the summer season, it is enough to just remove faded flowers and yellowed leaves. As you can see, not so much is needed to grow beautiful water lilies on your site - a reservoir of suitable depth, sun and water!
Aquatic plants - perennial (less often annual) plants, the necessary condition for their life is to stay in fresh (mostly), salty or brackish water.
Aquatic plants: choose and plant according to the rules
For any reservoir - small or large, from plastic, concrete, select several types of plants of various sizes, heights and with different flowering periods. At the same time, they are guided not only by the parameters of the reservoir, but also by the timing of flowering, the shape and color of leaves and flowers, as well as their height and depth of planting.
It should be remembered that for maintaining biobalance in a reservoir - a state in which plants, algae, microorganisms, bacteria and fish coexist safely, the vegetation must cover at least half of the water surface. Therefore, it is important to know the area that leaves and flowers will occupy in the future.
The center of the reservoir is usually occupied water lilies Are the most beautiful of aquatic plants.
There are many hybrids, from dwarf to large, so they can be used to decorate a pond of any size..
Dwarf ones will fit in a large pot, and giants will decorate the water surface over 10 square meters. m.
An intermediate position is occupied by small water liliesthat need a pond of at least 5 m 2, and averagewho prefer an area of 7 m 2. The minimum color set for lilies consists of 3-6 colors: white, yellow, orange, peach, pink and red. But there are flowers of the most unusual shades, for example, purples, so you can always choose them in accordance with the taste and color scheme of the site.
On the edge of the reservoir, coastal marsh plants are planted in the form of separate islands - calamus, arrowhead, susak, pontederia, but in shallow water they look beautiful kalyuzhitsa and swamp forget-me-nots... Near the water itself, it is worth having moisture-loving sedges, irises, hosts, daylilies, a powerful superficial root system of which protects the coast from erosion.
We should not forget about the general rules. The height of the largest specimens located around the reservoir should be no more than half of its widest part.
Small-leaved plants look better around a small reservoir. The alternation of vertical lines of tall plants with rounded decorative additions - pebbles, boulders give the reservoir an attractive look. It is worth thinking about plant compatibility, for example, rustic yellow egg capsule does not go well with nymphea, and lilies of different varieties, but the same color are difficult to distinguish from each other.
Free floating plants - duckweed, vodokros, teloris - in a favorable environment, they multiply quickly and often capture the entire surface of the reservoir. In this regard, over time, some of the plants must be removed.
Almost all aquatic plants are photophilous, for example, water lilies in full shade do not bloom as abundantly as in full light, so it is undesirable to plant trees with a dense crown around the pond.
If there are already trees on the site, but a place for the pond has not been chosen, give preference to a site surrounded by conifers.
On the one hand, they protect the plants from direct sunlight, and on the other, their shade is transparent enough so that the pond will not be heavily shaded.
Alternatively you can use and you or birch, the falling branches of which are in good harmony with water, and the crown is quite sparse.
The distance from the nearest tree to the shore should be its full height, otherwise the roots can damage the walls or the bottom of the reservoir.
There are two ways of planting plants: in the first case, they are planted in the ground, in depressions arranged along the perimeter of the reservoir, in the second - in containers, and they are placed on ledges or on portable stands.
Each of the methods has its own advantages: when stationary, it is easier to plant trees in a pond with steep banks, and a container method allows you to vary the arrangement of plants. In addition, insulated containers limit the growth of aggressive species.
Typical planting depths range from 5 to 20 cm for many coastal and wetland plants and up to 1.5 m for the largest water lilies. The best time for this event is mid-April to mid-July.
One should start with oxygen generating plants, they are planted at the rate of 1 bundle in one container per 1 m 2 of surface. As the water warms up, water lilies are planted in the pond.
Next, several floating plants are placed in the pond to shade the water before the water lilies throw out the leaves. After that, they are engaged in the coastal zone. If the pond is planned to be populated, for example, with fish, you need to wait 4–6 weeks - the plants need time to take root, and the water must settle.
For planting aquatic plants, regular pots or any mesh containers are suitable. To prevent the soil from spilling out and washing out, the containers are lined with a thin non-woven material. Then a heavy nutrient soil is poured and fixed with spunbond pebbles.
The flowers are single, very large, of a snow-white shade. In diameter, they can reach 15-25 cm. The shape of the flowers is cupped. Each flower has 3-5 petals... By arrangement, the leaves smoothly turn into stamens. The stigma is of an orange-bloody hue, has a depressed shape.
Scent very strong, delicate, floral. Every flower can bloom 3-5 days... But due to their large number, flowering continues during all warm days from May to September. With the onset of cold weather, the flowers begin to fade. After flowering, oval fruits of an emerald hue are formed. Fruit formation takes place under water.
Landscaping of the pond on site with submerged plants
Submerged plants are plants, most of which are underwater. They are very effective at saturating the water with oxygen, helping to fight algae, and also creating good conditions for fish farming. The roots of such plants do not absorb nutrients from the water, but only serve to anchor to the bottom, so most of these plants can be planted in pots filled with ordinary gravel. Submerged plants are planted at the rate of five plants per square meter of water surface. If there are fish in the pond, we recommend placing the plants in the cages, as the fish can eat the foliage.
Plant transplantation methods depend on the type of plant
Swamp plants: carefully remove from the pot and rinse with a hose, washing off all the soil from the roots. Find the separation between the plant and its root system. Pull the pieces with your hands and cut with sharp scissors or a sharp knife. Fill the pot with soil up to the crown (this is the part of the plant that is above the soil), which is about 1 inch below the edge of the pot. Now add the fertilizer tablets and soil, covering the crown by about 2.5 cm. Fill the last 3 cm with small river pebbles - this will prevent the soil from washing out of the pot.
Note: Some plants, such as reeds, have fleshy roots, so it can be difficult to define sections. For these, select small groups of stems and cut to separate them. Since the reeds grow violently, you may prefer to plant them in a closed pot to prevent roots from sprouting into the pond.
Lilies: Gently remove the lily from the container and rinse, rinsing off the soil. You will see one large main root. You will also notice the minor ones extending from the main root, which have their own root structure. If the secondary roots can be easily torn away from the main one by hand, they are ready for planting. But if you have to make efforts, it is better to leave them in place.
When replanting small lilies, place 7-10 cm of soil in the basket, then place the shoot so that the roots are facing the bottom of the basket and the base is at the top. Surround the scion with the required amount of fertilizer tablets. Gently support the roots, release the shoots outward and add soil around the edges so that the shoots remain free. Add a layer of small pebbles on top to keep the soil from washing out when transplanting into the pond.
Lotus: Due to the fact that the lotus grows very aggressively, it may need to be replanted more often than conventional plants.Since new lotus shoots are very sensitive, you need to be extremely careful to avoid damaging the shoots.
It is much more difficult to determine from its appearance exactly when the lotus needs to be transplanted. If you have had a plant for more than a year and you noticed that it did not bloom last year, most likely the lotus is ready for transplanting.
Gently and carefully wash as much dirt from the plant container as you can. Don't pull the plant! Then gently flush it with a hose, removing the soil. You should see white tubers with hairy roots at the ends. Healthy tubers are hard, white to gray in color. Others may be rotten. If you find a dark and soft tuber, cut it off and remove. If you leave a rotten tuber with a healthy one, then both will eventually rot.
Choose a sturdy, solid, round container that is at least 45 cm in diameter and 15-20 cm deep. Place an 8 cm layer of clay or aquatic plant soil on the bottom of the container. Hold the lotus gently as you add soil, about 1 inch from the top of the tuber. Add soil with one hand, and cover the shoots with the other to avoid damaging them. Place a medium-sized rock on top of the tuber, but small enough not to damage the shoots. Add small stones to keep the soil from washing out, while carefully avoiding the shoots.
Keep your koi in check. Lotus and lilies need protection from fish, especially from koi. Large stones of 7-10 cm, placed at the roots of plants, can protect them from fish. You can also cover the pot with a net to prevent the fish from reaching the roots. Once the plants are large enough to hold the leaves above the water, the stems of the lotus are thorny and protected from koi. However, lilies can be a favorite snack of the season. To avoid this, provide the koi with other foods, such as water hyacinths.
Wash your hands... The remains of aquatic plants are usually black, sticky, and have a foul smell. To protect your fish, do not put your hands in the pond until you have washed them with soap and water.
Slide 1. Interactive trip to Vladivostok.
Leading: Hello guys! Today we will go with you to a distant travel to the city of Vladivostok... It stands on the shores of the Pacific Ocean on the very outskirts of our country. Look at the map of Russia.
Leading: How far is the city from our city Vladivostok... Therefore, we will fly there by plane. We leave for the flight.
Slide 3. Airplane. (airplane sound)
Slide 4. Airport Vladivostok.
Leading: So we flew to town Vladivostok.
Slide 5. Vladivostok - the capital of the Primorsky Territory.
Leading: Vladivostok - the capital of the Primorsky Territory. This is a city - a port. It is surrounded on three sides by the sea.
A child reads a poem:
The waves of the Golden Horn whisper softly,
A fresh breeze blows from the ocean,
It rises by the sea on steep jails,
Our great city is a port Vladivostok.
Educator: Now we will take a short tour of the city, get acquainted with the sights of the city.
The city was founded as a military fortress. Guys, do you know what a fortress is?
Educator: A fortress is a defensive structure. That's Vladivostok was built for the defense of the country. The main attraction of the city is Vladivostok fortress.
Slide 6. Vladivostok fortress.
Educator: This is an open-air museum that has 130 defensive structures.
Slide 7. Korabelnaya embankment.
Educator: Residents and guests of the city love to walk along Korabelnaya embankment. And, indeed, there is something to see here.
Slide 8. Patrol ship "Red pennant".
Educator: A patrol ship is installed near the embankment "Red pennant"... This ship took part in the hostilities in the Sea of Japan and guarded the maritime borders of our Motherland.
Slide 9. Submarine S-56.
Educator: Also on Korabelnaya embankment there is a submarine S - 56, which took an active part during the Great Patriotic War.
Educator: In Vladivostok is the largest Marine Terminal in the Far East and the Pacific coast of Russia.
Slide 11. Naval base.
Educator: Over time, the tiny seaport turned into a naval base for the Far East. The defenders of the city send us greetings from the sea - they are the sailors. They plow the vast oceans on warships.
Educator: Now for you our sailors perform a dance "Yablochko".
Love you, Vladivostok!
Because the sea is a stream
Where secrets are hidden in the depths ...
Educator: And what secrets the sea hides, who lives in the sea, we can find out by visiting "Oceanarium".
Educator: This is a real maritime museum where you can take a fascinating walk among the marine life. Now I will tell you riddles and, having guessed them, you will find out who can be seen in "Oceanarium".
The teacher makes riddles:
A carapace top in the form of a hat?
2. Pear with long legs
He snapped loudly with his menacing mouth.
Educator: Well done boys! Riddles have been solved. Here you will find the inhabitants of the reservoirs - Kamchatka crab, turtle, octopus, Nile crocodile, hedgehog fish, sea shells and corals. And many more interesting from the underwater world.
Educator: And our excursion continues, and we go on.
Another favorite vacation spot for residents Vladivostok Is the Botanical Garden.
Slide 15. Botanical Garden.
Educator: It has a huge amount of green spaces, clean and fresh air.
Educator: There are roses and irises, chrysanthemums and lilies, water lilies.
Educator: Also interesting conifers: yew, juniper. Guys, what other conifers do you know?
Educator: Well done boys! These are spruce, pine, fir, cedar. To preserve this beauty, it is necessary to take good care of nature. Let's take a little rest with you.
Slide 18. A clearing with trees.
(With a wide gesture, spread your arms to the sides)
(Raise your hands up and shake them from side to side)
(Leaning forward, wiggle your torso from side to side)
Educator: Although the exercise is short, we rested a little. And we go further through the city.
Slide 19. Vladivostok circus.
Educator: And in this building we find ourselves in a magical, funny, funny atmosphere. Guys, what do you think this is?
Educator: This building Vladivostok circus.
Slide 20. Cinema "Ocean".
Educator: And now I invite you to the cinema "Ocean"... It hosts the international film festival "Meridians "Quiet"". A cartoon will be shown for us today "In the port"
Clip "We came to the port today" cartoon "In the port".
Educator: This concludes our excursion and it's time for us to return home. I'm asking you to board the plane. We fly to Pyt-Yakh.
Educator: Guys, did you like it journey? What city have we visited today? What did you like and remember?