Echinocactus horizonthalonius – Eagle's Claw
Echinocactus horizonthalonius (Eagle's Claw) is a relatively small barrel cactus up to 18 inches (45 cm) tall and up to 8 inches (20 cm)…
General Cactus Care
Cactus plant care is relatively simple but not entirely maintenance-free. Most cacti and other succulents require similar general care, although there are exceptions to the rules.
Whether indoors or out, your cactus garden needs plenty of sunlight. Aim for at least six hours of direct sun each day.
Overwatering your cacti is a sure recipe for disaster. These drought-resistant plants easily succumb to root rot, so always let the soil dry out between drinks. In the winter, it's not uncommon for cacti to require water only every couple of weeks. If your cactus garden is outdoors, mother nature will take care of watering needs in the form of rain most of the year, but if not, you should water your plants thoroughly at least once per week during the hottest months.
Cacti and other succulents don't require large amounts of fertilizer, but they generally appreciate a low-strength feeding during their growing season, which runs spring through summer.
Most cacti grow slowly and don't mind being a bit root-bound. If you see roots pushing out of the pot, or if your plant has grown out of proportion to the container size, it's time for a new home.
How to Grow Carolina Silverbell — Halesia
Carolina silverbell, Halesia, is a deciduous tree or large shrub of North America valued for its handsome, drooping, bell-shaped white flowers in early spring.
Silverbell thrives in any well-drained soil. It northern, cold-winter regions it grows best in a sheltered position.
Carolina Silverbell grows to 40 feet with spreading branches in cold winter regions, it may never grow larger than a tall shrub.
Silverbell is propagated by seed sown in the fall or by layering and root-cuttings.
Leaves of Carolina Silverbell, Snowdrop Tree, or Little Silverbell
Silver Bell and El Dorado Mines, Joshua Tree National Park
Silver Bell and El Dorado Mines
Two mines in the Hexie Mountains, one including two well preserved wooden tipples both have shafts, adits, foundations, tanks and other remains. Hike also has good views and encounters a variety of cacti
Elevation change: 250 feet
Difficulty: Moderate cross-country navigation, some steep slopes
Type: Loop, mostly off-trail
Season: Fall, winter, spring summers are very hot
Old mines are only an incidental attraction of Joshua Tree National Park, but there are plenty of them, in various states of disrepair, and they are usually accompanied by stark, desolate surroundings, yet most are easily reachable by trails, that follow the old vehicle tracks once used by the prospectors. The park apparently contains 288 historic mining sites and 747 openings.
Only a few of the paths are maintained (such as to Lost Horse Mine and Desert Queen Mine) but most are straightforward to follow, and many of the mines are quite close to paved roads, such as three in the lower elevation, southern section of the park, near the popular Cholla Cactus Garden. These are Silver Bell (also known as Golden Bell), El Dorado and Golden Bee, of which the first two may be visited on a loop hike of 4 miles up a slope to the first site, which includes shafts and two well preserved tipples (wooden structures used to load ore into carts), then down the far side and over an intervening ridge to the second site. This has a variety of iron and concrete relics, plus remains of a miner's camp, including old shacks and hundreds of rusty tins.
The hike also encounters a good variety of cacti, and the higher sections of the route have fine, long distance views over Pinto Basin. The old track to the second mine (El Dorado) is now faded and difficult to locate, so the majority of the loop is essentially off-trail, but the terrain is relatively easy, the desert vegetation quite well separated. Golden Bee Mine is best reached by a separate hike, of 1.5 miles, due south from Cholla Cactus Garden.