Top dressing for winter garlic: how not to miscalculate?
We are all looking forward to spring, we want to start taking care of our beds as soon as possible. And the first such opportunity is provided to us by winter garlic. The snow will not have time to melt, and its feathers are already sticking out of the ground, and immediately cause anxiety in us with their tops, constantly striving to turn yellow.
How and what to feed garlic in spring
In early spring, when garlic is still at the sprouting stage, it really needs our help more than ever. The teeth have taken root in the fall and are now beginning to grow green mass, and for this they need nitrogen nutrition. At the slightest lack of it, the leaves begin to turn yellow.
In the spring, garlic is just beginning to grow bushes, our task is to help it, to give it food
Nitrogen in the soil tends to dissolve and go into the deep layers or evaporate from the surface. Therefore, the introduction of humus and fertilizers for digging in the fall does not relieve you of feeding in the spring.
Root dressing rules:
- Do the first feeding as soon as you see the shoots that have appeared, the second after 2 weeks.
- Apply fertilizers in a dissolved form so that they immediately reach the roots and begin to be absorbed.
- Before pouring the nutrient solution, wet the soil from the watering can with clean water, and water again after applying top dressing so that the nitrogen goes to the roots and does not evaporate from the surface.
- Immediately after feeding, mulch the soil with humus, old sawdust, and last year's foliage.
Mineral fertilizers for spring feeding
The easiest way to replenish garlic's diet with nitrogen is to sprinkle it with a solution of urea (carbamide) or ammonium nitrate. Dissolve 1 tbsp. l. water one of these fertilizers, spending 5 liters for each square meter of the garden.
Videos and articles on ammonium nitrate and urea appeared on the Internet. Urea (urea) is called organic. My opinion is sheer nonsense. Indeed, urea was first detected in urine. But now it is obtained chemically from ammonia and carbon dioxide, this is part of the ammonia production. Organic is a natural fertilizer of natural origin, not synthesized at a plant.
Urea is the most widespread and easy-to-use mineral fertilizer containing nitrogen
Organic spring food for garlic
Drizzle the infusion of mullein, nettle, or bird droppings over the garlic. From any of the listed raw materials, the infusion is made using one technology:
- Fill the bucket 2/3 full with nettles, mullein, or droppings.
- Pour water to the top and stir.
- Keep in a warm place for 5-7 days, stirring occasionally.
For feeding, dilute mullein infusion with water 1:10, droppings - 1:20, nettle - 1: 5; consumption - 3-4 l / m².
Video: feeding garlic with bird droppings
About foliar and summer dressing
Foliar dressing can be done with all of the listed solutions (mineral or organic), but their concentration must be halved so as not to burn the leaves. Such food does not replace the main one (at the root), but is only additional when the garlic needs urgent help. For example, fertilizer was added, but it was washed out by the following downpour, you do not know how much is left in the soil. Or the ground has not yet thawed, the roots have not begun to function, and the feathers are already rising above the ground (they managed to germinate in the fall or during the thaw in winter) and turn yellow.
Garlic is fed not only in spring, but also in summer, a month before the expected harvest date, that is, in mid to late June. This time sprinkle with a wood ash chatterbox:
- Pour 1 glass into a bucket of water;
- pour over 1 m² of the garden.
Or buy a complex fertilizer for vegetables with a predominance of potassium and phosphorus. These elements promote the growth of roots and bulbs. Ready mixes are sold under the brands: BioMaster, Fertika, BioHumus, Agricola, etc. Each has its own instructions for use.
In the spring, feed the garlic with nitrogen fertilizer, and in the summer - containing mainly potassium and phosphorus. It doesn't matter what it will be: organic or mineral. The main thing is to apply fertilizers on time and in accordance with the dosage.
I live in Siberia. I have my own house and my own plot) In the articles I share my experience, I learn something myself with you)
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How to feed garlic in spring, planted before winter
Fertilizers for garlic in the spring are applied not only in order to increase the yield of the crop, but also to improve its taste. The peculiar aroma and taste are the qualities for which the plant is loved all over the world. Gardeners attribute it to unpretentious plants, for which weeding, watering and loosening the soil is enough. Even with this kind of care, you can get good yields. But sometimes standard measures are not enough. If the leaves of garlic become pale or give off yellowness, become covered with dots, then it's time to think about choosing a spring fertilizer with a missing trace element.
The main signs of problems are:
- the tips of the feathers dry out ahead of time, which signals a lack of nitrogen. You can fix the problem with ammonium nitrate.
- most of the foliage turned yellow, which indicates an increased acidity of the soil. You can verify this using a universal indicator. Crushed limestone or dolomite flour sprinkled between the rows will help neutralize acidity to the desired level
- pale green leaves indicate a lack of potassium. Wood ash will save the day
- if there is enough light but the garlic grows slowly, there may be a lack of nutrients. It is worth picking up organic matter or minerals with nitrogen.
How to properly water garlic.
Garlic is one of the most hygrophilous plants.
Therefore, carrying out the correct watering in a sufficient volume significantly affects its yield. In plants that systematically do not receive moisture, the yield may decrease by two to three times. For this reason, timely irrigation can be ranked in importance in obtaining high yields on the same level as fertilizing.
The normal color of garlic leaves is green.
Garlic has a pronounced fibrous root system that is not able to penetrate into the deep layers of the soil. Since it is constantly located in the surface layer of soil of 30-40 cm, which regularly dries up, we must monitor the presence of moisture in the root zone at a depth of 20-30 cm.
Determining whether garlic has enough moisture is very easy even without a moisture meter. To do this, you need to take the soil in your palm from a depth of 20-25 cm and squeeze it. If a lump forms, which, with a slight click, crumbles into components, then the humidity is normal. If a lump forms, but disintegrates very easily when unclenching the palm, then additional watering is necessary. If, when the soil is compressed, water comes out of it in the palm, then the soil is too waterlogged, which is not very good.
It looks like an earthen ball with sufficient soil moisture for garlic.
The presence of moisture should be monitored especially carefully if the garlic is grown on light soils. The moisture capacity of sandy and sandy loam soils is very low, therefore, watering should be carried out in the first half of the growing season of garlic at least 5 times. Moisture is vital for garlic during the period of growth of leaves and during the period of filling the head. When growing garlic in clay soils, watering can be carried out less often, since such soils retain moisture better.
More clearly about correct watering, I advise you to watch my video:
Once again, I strongly advise: carefully monitor the soil moisture when growing garlic - this is a very important factor that will allow the leaves on the garlic to remain green, and the heads to grow large!
There will not be enough moisture - no feeding will help.
Look at the yellow leaves of garlic, to which watering and feeding were not applied in a timely manner:
This is what happens to garlic without timely watering and feeding.
The right combination of nitrogen, potassium, calcium and magnesium in the nutritional supplements added to spring garlic in spring allows the plant to thrive and increase yields. It is necessary to apply mineral fertilizers for garlic in dosage, since they tend to accumulate in the soil and in the fruits.
Urea must be given to garlic for active growth. It contains nitrogen, thanks to which garlic forms and stores dry matter.
To prepare the nutrient solution, take 15 g of carbamide and add it to a bucket of water. Further, root watering is performed.
The seedlings should be fertilized once during the appearance of the fifth leaf.
Saturates vegetables with essential minerals, dissolves quickly in water and is actively absorbed by the root system of plants, effectively affects even in cold weather.
In the spring, it is recommended to feed garlic twice. The frequency of application is once every 21 days. The solution is prepared according to the scheme similar to the previous one. To process one square meter of area, up to 3 liters of top dressing is required.
Potassium salt, potassium magnesium
If the garlic turns yellow and begins to dry at the edges, then this indicates a lack of potassium. To eliminate the deficiency of the macronutrient, special fertilizers must be applied under the crop in spring.
- in the fall before planting garlic:
- in spring during the growing season in combination with superphosphate, manure, wood ash.
Phosphorus stimulates metabolic processes in plant cells.
Use dry macronutrient in autumn when planting bulbs in the ground. In the spring, at the beginning of the growing season, a fertilizer solution is prepared: 2 tbsp. tablespoons of superphosphate per 10 liters of water. Carry out 2-3 dressings per season. The consumption of the product is 5 liters of liquid per 1 m2.
Nitroammophoska and nitrophoska
Fertilizers are suitable for feeding winter garlic and all cultivated plants, contain a balanced amount of minerals - potassium, phosphorus and nitrogen. Thanks to their use, the resistance of garlic to diseases increases, and the process of head formation is accelerated.
In the spring (in April), plants are watered, spending 3 liters of funds per 1 m2. If there is a nitrogen deficiency, in which the leaves turn yellow and dry, foliar feeding of the culture is carried out. To prepare the composition for spraying 1 tbsp. l. fertilizers are diluted in a bucket of water.
What fertilizers should not be used to process
Enriching the soil for better plant maturation does not mean using everything. Each crop responds better to one type of fertilizer or another.
So garlic perceives organic matter well, but at the same time it will be extremely difficult to cope with fresh manure. Therefore, a rotted mass is used for fertilizers.
Experienced gardeners definitely recommend combine organic nutrition with minerals... In the opposite case, from an excess of natural humus, the planting material will rot even in the soil, or the crop will not differ in a long shelf life.
Compliance with the feeding regime and the consumption rate guarantees the receipt of large root crops. And the grown crop throughout the cold season will complement different dishes with its aroma and taste, and fight against pathogenic bacteria.