September work in the garden and vegetable garden
The main works of gardeners and florists in September
If you did not have time to plant winter garlic at the end of August, then do it in the very early September... First, prepare the bed: for each square meter of soil, add a bucket of well-rotted organic matter, half a bucket of sand (you don't need to do this if your soil is sandy), add a liter can of ash and carefully dig onto the bayonet of the shovel. If it's dry autumn, then in the evening water the garden well with water.
In the morning, make a marking for planting, with a peg make indentations according to a 10x10 cm pattern.If you prefer a larger garlic, then the marking should be done according to a 15x15 cm pattern. The depth for early planting of garlic should be at least 12 cm. In each cavity, add a tablespoon of sand, one large granule of AVA fertilizer and lower the clove. Sprinkle with sand on top and level the soil.
With such a planting, garlic will have time to develop a powerful root system before the onset of cold weather, but it will not rise. In early spring, it will start to grow. The garlic culture is cold-resistant, so it is not afraid of late spring frosts. It will ripen around the end of July and is ready to harvest before the onset of the August rains. If in spring or autumn the area with garlic plantings is flooded with water, care must be taken to drain the excess. To do this, it is enough to dig passages between the beds to a depth of 40-50 cm.
It is often asked why the tips of the feathers of garlic and onions turn yellow? There may be several reasons for this: lack of nitrogen, usually in the bright spring sun, when there is powerful photosynthesis; lack of copper in the soil, most often in peat bogs. In this case, the tips of the leaves turn white rather than yellow. With a lack of potassium, the leaves not only turn yellow, but also curl.
If the plants come under severe frost, then not only the tips turn yellow, but also the entire leaves. If the ends of the leaves turn yellow and at the same time the stem brightens and even turns yellow, then usually such a plant is damaged by a pest (more often this happens in onions - damage by an onion fly). But this can also happen on too acidic soil or when the roots lack air (suffocate) in over-resourced soil.
* * *
Until September 10-15, you can plant strawberries, although my experience shows that in the North-West it is better to plant strawberries in the spring, at the end of May and even at the beginning of June. To do this, even in the previous year, in August, it is necessary to allow 4-5 rosettes to take root on the mother bush (usually gardeners simply select the bush that had a large harvest in the summer as the mother bush). Contrary to what they write, only the sockets closest to the bush should be left, all the rest should be discarded. The rosettes should be allowed to overwinter together with the mother plant and only in the spring should they be cut off from it and transplanted.
First, on the prepared bed, you should make depressions with a shovel according to the 30x30cm scheme, add one third of a teaspoon of granules to the bottom fertilizers AVA and transplant young bushes right on the shovel along with a lump of earth. This method is called transshipment. At the same time, the root system is not damaged, and the bushes take root well.
After transshipment, the strawberries are well watered. Plants bloom at the end of July and give the first small harvest of large berries. With late autumn planting, the bushes do not have time to root well (this requires about three weeks without frost and low temperatures), so in winter they bulge out of the ground, and they often die. In addition, the rosettes do not have time to grow a sufficient number of leaves covering the rhizome in winter, therefore, without additional shelter, the rhizome can freeze under frost without snow.
With an early autumn planting, the rosettes have practically no roots yet and their survival rate is low. Bushes, even those that have successfully wintered, are frail, weak and grow poorly all summer, berries will appear on them only next year.
Potatoes should be harvested in early September, mowing the tops a week before harvesting... It should not be left on the field, since when harvesting tubers, it can get late blight from the tops. The tops should be dried and burned over the fire. Ash can be used to deoxidize the soil and feed plants, because there is no phytophthora pathogen in the ash.
* * *
To improve the soil, winter rye should be sown immediately over the harvested field. In the spring, you need to mow it and dig up the green mass along with the soil and roots. After a week, you can plant potatoes. It should be borne in mind that such a procedure introduces a rather large amount of nitrogen into the soil, therefore it is undesirable to add additional azophoska during planting, it should be limited only to the introduction of phosphorus and potassium, otherwise due to an excess of nitrogen in early varieties do not avoid scab.
* * *
In early September, you should cut the peduncles of gladioli. After a couple of weeks, the plants should be dug up. In order not to be confused, each variety is put into a separate nylon stocking along with roots and children. Then washed in water, dipped in a solution of malofos, the concentration of which should be made twice as high as indicated in the instructions. After 15 minutes, the plants are removed and lowered directly in stockings into a solution of potassium permanganate of bright pink color, also for 15 minutes. After that, they are removed from the stocking, the above-ground part is cut off, leaving a stump of about 4-6 cm, and laid out in a dry room. Drying takes place at a temperature of about 22 ... 25 ° С for about 20 days. After this, the roots, together with the old bulb, are easily separated from the new bulb. All scales should be removed from it.
If a store bulbs together with the scales, then, despite the treatment with karbofos, under the scales may remain thrips eggs... In winter, the larvae hatching from them will suck the juice from the bulbs, and they will dry out. The easiest way to store gladioli bulbs is in a double black nylon stocking. Fold the bulbs with the children of this variety in a stocking, attach a note with the name of the variety, sprinkle with a crushed tablet of any antipyretic drug, bandage the stocking, insert the next variety - and so on. Hang the resulting garland on the window bolt behind the curtain. The bulbs will keep well until spring.
* * *
After the first freeze that killed all aerial part of the dahlia, cut off the tops, dig up the tubers, rinse them with water, hold them in a solution of potassium permanganate for 15-20 minutes, immediately divide them into parts. Keep in mind that each tuber must have a piece of the neck, because at the very base of the neck, the buds are laid. If the dahlias are dried, then dividing a piece of the stem will become difficult. Write the name of the variety directly over the tubers with a felt-tip pen and place them in the shed to form a tight rind. After a week, the tubers can be stored. They are well preserved if each tuber, in order to avoid moisture loss during storage, is twice smeared with beaten egg white from a fresh egg using a shaving brush. You can store them directly in a cardboard box on the windowsill, or you can put the tubers in a canvas bag and hang it near the cold water pipe in the toilet.
Avoid keeping the entire nest of tubers and roots from the dug out bush, even in the cellar. The nest must be divided annually, otherwise the variety will begin to degenerate.
* * *
At the end of September, the aboveground part must be cut peonies, phlox, astilbe; at irises leaves should be cut off so that a fan of leaves with a height of about 15 cm remains. Immediately after cutting, pour all these plantings with a 1% solution of Bordeaux liquid (1 teaspoon without top for half a liter of water). In the spring, when a new aerial part grows, watering with this liquid should be repeated. This simple procedure will rid your plants of rot disease.
* * *
After the first freezing, it is necessary remove carrots for winter storage. If it's time to harvest the roots, and the weather is warm, then be sure to keep the carrots in the refrigerator for a day or two - the carrots must go through a cooling stage before storage, otherwise, during storage, greens will begin to grow.
You can dig up and beets... Her tops are cut off so that a little aerial part remains. Cauliflower can also be removed, but together with the roots, compose it in a box and place it in a cellar for growing. The heads will increase significantly in size within about a month. Or leave this cabbage in the garden, but it must be covered with double lutrasil from possible frost.
* * *
Berry bushes can be planted throughout September: raspberries, currant, gooseberry, honeysuckle and nuts. If you bought planting material for cherries, plums, pears and apples as well sea buckthorn, then it is better to dig them in before spring, and not to plant them before winter.
* * *
If there are no lichens on the bark of your trees, you can whitewash the trunks and skeletal branches with water-based paint for outdoor use. It will not be washed off by autumn lingering rains until spring and will protect trees from sunburns in spring, which are usually possible in March, when, after cloudy winter weather, a very bright sun appears, reinforced by snow.
Late spring whitewashing is completely pointless. Chalk whitewashing, too, since it is completely washed off until spring. Spring bark burns further lead to its decay and death.
G. Kizima, amateur gardener
Autumn work on the site, garden
A lot of work in September and in the garden. It is worth worrying about fertilizing the land and preparing the soil for seedlings. It is already possible to fill the boxes with earth with humus so that crops can be planted in January. After the harvest is harvested, it is worth clearing the land of all weeds, digging up. Try not to break the clods. In winter, the earth will be saturated with water, and the frozen block will soon burst by itself.
It's time to remove the film from the greenhouses so that it dries, and the frame is frozen. Stems from tomatoes, potato tops should be burned so as not to produce late blight. Where tomatoes grew, it is worth adding humus and the soil will be healthy. Grass compost should be applied to the ground where the cucumbers grew. Do not forget to replace the ground in greenhouses. If old soil remains, then between the beds and the planking of the boards, the space must be doused with boiling water, because slugs and pests often take root there.
Tomatoes are still ripening in September. To keep them longer, you need to monitor the temperature, which should not be higher than twelve degrees Celsius. Carrots are best preserved in sphagnum moss. Before that, the carrots should be kept in the refrigerator for a while so that the greens do not grow.
You need to remove the peppers and eggplants. They must be harvested while still immature. If left in the garden, they will taste bitter. Eggplants and peppers must be wrapped in paper and folded in a special container; a box is best suited for this purpose.
Many housewives do not have time to plant winter garlic on time. The beginning of September is the time to plant it. First, prepare the ground. For each square meter of the garden, it is worth laying out a bucket of rotted organic matter, sand, a liter can of ash and digging everything up. If September turned out to be without rain, then the garden should be watered. Before planting, sprinkle a tablespoon of sand and a little fertilizer in each hole. With these methods, garlic will develop a good root system before the cold weather, but it will not start growing. Its growth will begin in the spring. This culture is not afraid of frost, but will ripen in the middle of summer.
That's all! The cold has come, all the work is behind, you can enjoy the well-groomed beds and a clean garden.
Table of favorable days in September
|Moon phase||Numbers||Zodiac sign|
|diminishing||3-16||Pisces, Aries, Taurus, Gemini, Cancer, Leo, Virgo|
|growing||18-30||Libra, Scorpio, Sagittarius, Capricorn, Pisces|
It is better to plan work with fruit trees and conifers from 3.9 to 16.9. Ornamental perennial bulbous flowers such as dahlias and tulips are best dug out of the ground around the 14th. To make the bouquets of flowers stand as long as possible, it is better to pick them on September 18-20.
You can process perennials from fungi and bacterial infections on the day of the full moon or at the end of the waning moon.
If autumn is dry and the soil is not saturated with moisture, then water the garden on those days when the Moon is in Cancer, Scorpio and Pisces. Seed potatoes are dug up from 12 to 16 September, and stored on the new moon. Seeds of perennial flowers are harvested on the full moon or at the end of the growing moon, so that the seed retains a sufficient amount of cellular fluid for wintering at above-zero temperatures (storage of seeds in apartment conditions).
Gardening and gardening in September
In September, gardeners and gardeners will not be bored. There is a lot of work. Watch an informative video of what exactly needs to be done in your garden and vegetable garden.
Garden and vegetable garden: works in September
It's time to start planting fruit trees with an open root system. If shoots are still growing on your fruit trees in the garden, then in September it is time to pinch their tips. So they will ripen and winter well accordingly.
September is a great time to harvest and root woody cuttings.
Also in September, harvest all kinds of berries. For what? In order to attract birds to your garden, so that they destroy all kinds of pests. What are the berries? Rowan, viburnum, hawthorn, ornamental apple trees - dry all this, and in winter you will lay it out on your trees.
In September, flower growers do not have to be bored at all, work is not an open end in them. Firstly, annual flowers, if you grew them in boxes, it's time to get them from there - most likely they have already faded.
Some bulbous crops can be planted in September. Such as hyacinths, daffodils, crocuses and others. September is a great time to divide perennials.
Gardening in September. My garden, vegetable garden. Piggy bank of country experience
September is the time to prepare the garden for winter and for the coming spring.
The harvest of the next year depends on how the summer resident will react to the autumn work.
In September, the soil is prepared for seedlings:
- take good garden land,
- add humus and peat,
- fill containers.
In January, the soil will be needed for planting
- early flowers.
The beds freed from cultivated plants are freed from weeds and debris, they dig up the ground.
If, when digging, large blocks turned out, it's not scary. Over the winter, they will crumble from moisture and become loose.
[stextbox image = 'null'] Tomato and potato tops are burned to prevent late blight spreads. [/ stextbox]
Lashes of zucchini, cucumbers and pumpkins are placed in compost, sprinkled with fluff with lime (it will disinfect organic matter and save it from rot).
Film is removed from greenhouses and greenhouses, let them dry out under the autumn sun and freeze in winter, destroying pests.
Fresh soil and humus are added to the tomato garden.
Cucumbers need grass compost, rotted hay, foliage with ash and some saltpeter. If possible, they bring sod land, cucumbers love it very much.
When replacing the land in the greenhouse, the old land is folded under the currant bushes. The berry grower loves this land and bears fruit well. If the replacement is not done, spill the soil between the beds with boiling water to protect it from slugs and other harmful insects.
In wooden greenhouses, lime is whitewashed - it will protect against decay.
The greenhouse and cellar are disinfected with sulfur. It is lit and left for a day. Then the room is ventilated.
It is possible to dig up the beds in the spring, but the advantage of autumn work is that during the winter the fertilizers applied are evenly distributed in the soil and work better.
1. Under fruit trees are carefully harvested to eliminate diseases and pests.The whole infection is stored in fallen leaves and carrion, and in the spring comes to the surface. The apples are removed and stored. Do this in dry, sunny weather.
2. Carry out feeding of trees and shrubs, cut off dry branches. In autumn, plants lack phosphorus-potassium fertilizers. Top dressing with wood ash will have a beneficial effect. After applying fertilizers, they are sprinkled with earth and passed over the surface with a rake, then watered. Only in liquid form are nutrients available.
3. If the summer was dry, arrange additional watering.
4. Are engaged in planting strawberries: cut off the mustache, remove dry leaves. It is possible to completely mow the bushes only after the end of fruiting, so that the green mass has time to grow before winter. It is not worth doing this later, the plants will weaken, the harvest of next year will decrease. The beds are watered with solutions with phosphorus-potassium fertilizers. This is necessary for the establishment of flower buds.
5. After harvesting vegetables, green manure is sown in the vacant place. In October, the soil is dug up together with the green mass of plants. They will enrich the soil with organic matter and heal the land. Mustard scares away the wireworm from the site and after it the potatoes grow well and do not get sick.
6. Work with flowers. The lower leaves of the roses are cut off, the tops of the shoots are pinched. Watering is stopped. In a rainy autumn, the plants are covered with polyethylene, protecting them from excess moisture, but they are not completely covered. Dig up begonias, dry them, put them in a box and put them away for storage. In September, peony bushes are divided and tulips are planted. Peduncles are cut off, leaving leaves of perennials: delphiniums, aquilegia and bells. Lilies with a large number of children are dug up, separated and planted.