Indoor tomatoes, ultra-early ripening and exotic varieties of tomatoes
Such different tomatoes ...
Tomatoes - the most valuable vegetable crop. They have high taste and nutritional qualities.
The nutritional value of this food product is due to the fact that the fruits contain a large amount of substances important for the human body and, first of all, vitamin C - 19-35 mg, vitamin B1 - 0.6-1.6 mg, B2-1.5 -6 mg per 1 kg of fruit.
In addition, the fruits contain sugars (3-7%), malic, citric acids and mineral salts. And the low calorie content of tomato fruits (160-200 kcal / kg) determines their value in dietary nutrition, especially in obese patients, when a feeling of satiety develops rapidly against the background of the low calorie content of this food product.
Orange-colored tomato fruits are high in beta-carotene, which is an excellent prevention of cardiovascular and oncological diseases. All this indicates that by using tomatoes, we not only satisfy the purely physiological needs of the body, but also prevent the occurrence of a number of diseases. The world of tomatoes is amazing and diverse.
In terms of the prevalence of cultivation, this culture, without a doubt, ranks first in the world. This is possible thanks to communication with breeders and amateur seed growers.
Some tomato varieties are adapted to a small feeding area and low light conditions. This allows them to be grown indoors and consumed fresh all year round. I have tested 10 varieties of indoor tomatoes, but for cultivation I selected only varieties with a fruit weight of 60-100 g: Craiova, Mini, Pacio, Flame of the Arctic, Pink Pearl, Japanese dwarf.
Soil composition for growing indoor tomatoes: 10% humus, 80% garden land, 10% sand. I irrigate with ordinary water, alternating them with fertilizing solutions using complex fertilizers at the generally accepted rate.
In natural conditions, tomato pollination occurs with the help of the wind. Indoor tomatoes need hand pollination. This is the main agricultural technique for growing indoor tomatoes, and it is available to everyone. The effect is achieved by daily shaking of the blossoming flowers.
Indoor tomatoes in the open field reveal their full potential with sufficient illumination and nutritional area: the plants are completely dotted with fruits. And taking into account the planting density (10-12 bushes per 1 sq. M.), Indoor tomatoes in the open field surpass their tall relatives in yield. They also favorably differ in ease of maintenance: they do not require any garter or pinching, and if there is a threat of frost, low bushes (their height is 25-35 cm) can be easily saved with a covering material. All these circumstances make it possible for novice gardeners to successfully grow these varieties of tomatoes.
Ultra early ripening varieties
The main part of the territory of Russia is a zone of risky farming. Short summer, sharp contrast of day and night temperatures, abundant dew at the end of summer, ubiquitous late blight gardeners are being examined in the most serious way. But thanks to the achievements of domestic breeding, new ultra-early ripening varieties of tomatoes have appeared in the arsenal of gardeners, the full return of the harvest of which occurs by mid-August, and therefore they escape from the defeat of late blight.
These varieties are resistant to stressful situations: they exhibit the ability to set fruit under the most unfavorable weather conditions, and tolerate low temperatures. They are also attracted by their unpretentious care: they are undersized, compact, do not require garters and pinching, and are ideal for growing in small areas. Even the names of these varieties of tomatoes reflect their characteristics: Alaska, Snowdrop, Polar early ripening, Bullfinch, Snow Fairy Tale, Sub-Arctic, Taimyr, Yamal. In the southern regions of Russia, these varieties can be used to obtain a very early harvest of tomatoes.
Tomato varieties for exotic lovers
For gourmets, I can recommend the Ellow Stafer variety for growing. Its fruits are yellow, cuboid. The thick walls and hollowness of the fruit make it possible to use these tomatoes in a stuffed form.
Very decorative and high-yielding Orange Icicle, Pink Icicle.
I also grow traditional varieties with an unusual color on my site: De-Barao striped, Bovine heart white, Pepper-shaped black. Gypsies and Nefertiti also have black fruit.
The color of the ripe fruits of the Emerald Apple tomato is unusual: green with a bronze tint, they invariably mislead thieves.
I pay special attention to gardeners on the Maestro variety. This is a novelty on the seed market, an unsurpassed product for canning: leveled, oval fruits, weighing 120-150 g, super-dense (can be cut into slices like a cucumber), besides, they are kept fresh for a long time. The dense fruits of tomatoes Coconut palm, Kuvalda, Legend and Moscow delicacy are also good for canning and storage.
The grapefruit tomato variety is recognized as a masterpiece of world selection. Champion in taste and beauty. The new variety with yellow skin and pink flesh confirms its name. The fruits are large, sweet, and have no voids.
White-fruited tomatoes Zephyr (very sweet) and Lotus (peach taste) have an amazing taste. Against the background of wide potato leaves, the white fruits of the Lotus look very impressive. Very sweet fruits and tomato honey drop.
Exclusively decorative varieties of tomatoes Velvet, Blue Spruce and Gray Prince. The fruits are densely pubescent, have a velvety surface. The stems and leaves are also pubescent, have a blue tint and appear to be covered with frost. A truly fabulous sight.
The prize-winner of the Lorraine beauty contest
Last season, we managed to acquire the most beautiful tomato variety Lorraine Beauty. Fruits are flat-rounded, corrugated, bright red, dense, weighing up to 500 g. This tomato is a prize-winner of many exhibitions.
The richest color range has the Silver Spruce variety. Fruits are flat-rounded with a pointed apex, red with yellow, orange and silver stripes, up to 200 g in weight, very decorative.
There are also tomatoes with unusual leaves in my collection. Herringbone and Tayana have deeply dissected leaves, like those of carrots. But the hedgehog tomato bush has a rounded shape with protruding broad-leaved leaves.
658421, Altai Territory, Loktevsky District, Gornyak-1, Ostrovsky Street 29, Popenko Valery Dmitrievich, e-mail: [email protected]
Valery Popenko, experienced gardener
But the reviews that show that early tomato varieties do not behave as written on the label.
This year, for the first time, she planted an early tomato Flash, the word ultra-ripe in the name bribed. But in fact, they are not early. I have already ripened De Barao, Octopus, which are generally average, in these “early ripening! are still green, and have grown to 150 cm, not standard. In general, I'm not happy with the variety, I will not buy them anymore.
- Early love We will not plant any more, delicious, early ones, but on the bush 4-5 tomatoes, the late blight was eaten first.
- Beach Cherry (USA) — early ripening varieties of tomatoes, the bush grows up to 2 m, the fruits are black, round, weighing 10-15 g, sweet, reminiscent of wine, a bush stuck to the fruit. Sour garbage, but a lot. When very ripe - kind of sweet, but with some kind of aftertaste.
Description of ultra-early ripening varieties of tomatoes for open ground
Early ripening of tomatoes is the main quality in the cultivation and cultivation of tomatoes in the regions and regions of Russia. Summer in them is short, and a sharp change in weather conditions is always possible (drought, cold snap, heavy rains). Therefore, the first harvest must be obtained within 100 days from planting seedlings.
For this, ultra-early ripening varieties of tomatoes are used. Breeders have already developed many new types of tomatoes for the Middle Lane. With their help, you can get the harvest earlier and use the fruits not only for food and canning, but also for making a profit in the market.
- 1 What do they pay attention to when choosing?
- 2 Ultra-early ripening tomato varieties
- 3 Amur bole
- 4 Valentine
- 5 Far North
- 6 Golden brush
- 7 Snegirek
- 8 Bullfinch
- 9 Best of the ultra-early maturing species
- 10 Tomato Riddle
- 11 Katyusha
- 11.0.1 Variety description
For planting on the open ground of the Moscow region and other regions of Russia, you need to "focus" on cold resistance, early maturity, taste, density, sugar content (after all, the tomato belongs to the family of berries) and other qualities. The shape and color of the fruit, the height of the bush, its spreading and size depend on the preferences of the gardener himself.
Ultra-early ripening types of tomatoes are determinant, early-ripening, standard. Exceptions are rare. Standard determinants are unpretentious and are considered the easiest to care for. The number of bred varieties of this type has already exceeded 10 thousand.
Low-growing species are suitable for landing in open places. When choosing such species, it must be remembered that they do not need pinning, but require a garter to some kind of support. When planting large berries and a plentiful harvest, the trunks of the bushes can simply crack and break off under the enormous weight of the tomatoes, filled with juice.
In the south of Russia, standard types are always grown in the open field, because of all the ultra-early varieties, they have the highest degree of cold resistance. In the northern regions and Siberia, they are grown in greenhouse greenhouses.
The climate of Russia is not quite suitable for planting tomatoes. You can never know in advance what the weather will be like. There is no stability even in summer. You should always be wary of winds, droughts or unexpected cold snaps.
Early autumn is another obstacle to a good harvest. The onset of frost can destroy young shoots. And if spring is late, then the planting of sprouts may be postponed indefinitely.
In order to have time to get a large and high-quality harvest during this period, they are trying to plant rapidly ripening types of tomatoes. For 70-100 days of growth, you can easily protect them from the unexpected weather.
It is planted in greenhouses and in the open field. It is determinant, the ripening period is early. The first fruiting occurs after 86 days from the day of seed germination. Standard bush, undersized (0.5 m), does not require removal of stepchildren.
The fruits of the Amur stem are rounded, red. The average weight is about 125 g. Good in salads, ketchups and all kinds of gravies. The variety is unpretentious, easy to care for. The harvest is formed regardless of the weather outside.
The ultra-short-ripening species is specially designed for sowing in open beds and soils. The breeders, the developers of this plant, argue that Valentine is determinant, hardy and has a friendly response. The first fruits begin to appear 95 days after the young shoots are laid.
The plant grows 70 cm in height, semi-spreading, does not require the destruction of shoots. The plum-shaped berries are fleshy, medium-sized and have firm skin. This prevents them from cracking. The average weight of one copy of Valentina is about 90-105 g. Its purpose is universal.
The Far North was bred by breeders for planting in open ground and greenhouses. The first crop on his bush appears about 90 days after the shoots were laid. The plant is a standard plant, it grows up to 65 centimeters. Removal of processes (pinching) and formation is not needed.
The Far North has small red fruits, slightly rounded. They are of universal purpose and reach a weight of 70 grams. This species stands out for its cold resistance, does not become infected with late blight and has a friendly response.
Indeterminate tomato is bred for greenhouse conditions. The bush is quite high, the average indicators reach 1.5 m. It must be tied and formed. The first fruiting begins after 95 days from the emergence of seedlings.
The Golden Brush variety is considered ultra-short-ripening, its fruits are yellow-gold, small, weighing only 30 g, resemble a pear. They are collected in 20-30 pieces in one brush. Their flesh is sweet and very firm. The variety is versatile. Harvested tomatoes are used for a variety of purposes.
This ultra-determinate, ultra-early variety is intended for outdoor use. He is ready to grow not only in the garden in the garden, but even on the balcony. The bush is undersized, reaches only 40 cm. The plant is a standard plant, it does not need pinching and a garter.
With such a miniature size, the fruits are completely formed in 95 days. They have an average size and reach a weight of 150 g. Snegirek is versatile and easy to transport. Its advantage is its rapid growth. Of the advantages, a high yield can be noted.
An ultra-early non-standard variety, which was bred exclusively for the northern regions, although it takes root well in the southern regions. He feels great both outdoors and in greenhouses.
This species is small and reaches only 0.4 m. Thanks to this, the containers with sprouts can be easily placed on balconies. Bushes do not require manual shaping, they do not need to be tied up. The ovaries (when they occur) are formed by themselves in the form of 3-5 brushes.
They try to grow the variety by seedling method. It is better to sprinkle Bullfinch seeds with a growth stimulant. The mass of medium ripe fruits is about 140 g. They have a thick red tint. Their flesh is firm, juicy and has a sweetish taste.
- drought tolerance
- immunity to ailments
- cold hardiness
- unpretentiousness to care.
For areas that are considered risky, early maturity is the main advantage. Breeders have developed species that bear fruit before 90 days.
These varieties, which are described here, are considered the best, because they have all the qualities of ordinary tomatoes, and some even surpass them. Many of them grow well in the cold regions of Russia.
When choosing tomatoes for sowing, you should pay attention to the unique Riddle variety. It was obtained by breeders of Transnistria and is a determinant ultra-early tomato. This variety is bred for open spaces. It has a powerful but very low trunk - only 0.5 m.
According to statistics, the Riddle confidently takes the first position among early ripening tomatoes. After planting the seeds, it takes 80-90 days to fully ripen. When planting 7 shoots per 1 m, about 20 kg of berries can be harvested from it.
The riddle grows together, the fruits are the same in size. With a plant height of 0.5 m, each berry weighs about 100 g. It has a very dense pulp. This makes it possible to transport tomatoes not only in a box or body, but also to bring them home in a plastic bag.
Gardeners know that ultra-early tomatoes are not very tasty and are only suitable for processing or preservation, which reveal their qualities. But the Riddle has excellent taste, despite its early maturity.
The bushes are famous for their large foliage and rather strong branches. They do not require tying, but they have a major drawback - a huge number of stepchildren. For normal plant life, they must be removed, otherwise the fruits will be small.
Many gardeners artificially increase their yield. They plant the severed stepchildren in the ground. The shoots take root very easily and begin to grow. Harvesting from them can be obtained 1.5-2 weeks later than from the bushes of the main sowing.
Although the variety was recently bred (2001), many gardeners have already fallen in love with it. It is ultra-early and takes root well in open areas. It takes only 85 days to fully ripen and harvest.
Among the undersized determinant representatives, it stands out in height. It rises 90 cm. From one bush you can get up to 5 kg of tomatoes. For 1 sq. m, no more than 5 plants of this species can be sown.
Katyusha has a related twin hybrid bearing the same name..
- high keeping quality
- drought tolerance
- good taste
- resistance to temperature extremes
- non-susceptibility to certain diseases.
- loses its taste with improper care
- requires agrotechnical intervention
- in order to avoid breaking off branches due to large fruits and a relatively high bush, it must be tied up
- large-fruited and the number of tomatoes in this species depends entirely on the quality of fertilizers.
The flesh of Katyusha is not very dense, but tasty. The shape resembles the Earth - a slightly flattened ball. The average weight is 125 g, and the maximum (for tomatoes of the first stage) is 150 g. Large-fruited tomatoes have a pale pink color. They are versatile and suitable for any food use. They are often salted in barrels and canned.
When cultivating this variety, it is necessary to strictly observe the time of watering and feeding. If this routine is violated, Katyusha may lose her taste.
In the northern regions, the variety grows better in greenhouses, and in the southern regions it can be sown on open ground. It is unpretentious to weather conditions. Its yield does not fall because of them.
Despite its resistance to ailments, Katyusha can become infected with dry spotting and phomosis at an early stage of development, when the shoots are small and have not yet matured. When ovaries occur, the possibility of getting sick decreases several times.
1. What characteristics of tomato varieties to consider when choosing seeds
It is far from a secret that tomatoes are grown not only in greenhouses, hotbeds, and temporary shelters. Modern varieties can be successfully grown outdoors, even on a balcony, grown at home on a windowsill, and grown tomato seedlings on their own.
The correct selection of tomato varieties for greenhouses will largely determine the success of growing this crop on your site, the compliance of the result with your expectations, the ability to meet your own needs for this vegetable.
The choice of seeds for growing tomatoes in a greenhouse is a creative process and, despite the widest choice, the scope of varieties suitable for your requirements is sharply narrowed when they are carefully selected according to established criteria. The main ones are zoning and the choice of varieties of tomatoes for economic purposes.
The choice will be very different if you prefer varieties for summer consumption, than varieties that are subject to long-term storage. And the assortment of varieties for whole-fruit canning will be completely different than tomatoes for processing for the winter. There are, of course, varieties of universal use, but most of them correspond to this characteristic with a big stretch.
Of the great variety of varieties of tomatoes for greenhouses offered to summer residents, it is difficult to unequivocally give preference to one and keep silent about others. The preferences of a particular gardener will always be subjective, because each has its own criteria for evaluating the selected tomato variety or hybrid. And the conditions for growing tomatoes in different climatic zones are very different, the weather conditions are also different from year to year. In this regard, there is a concept - zoned varieties of tomatoes.
Therefore, we will decide that the article will focus on the best varieties and hybrids of tomatoes for greenhouses, which are deservedly loved by most gardeners.
In the article, your attention is provided with an overview of only medium-sized and tall varieties of purely greenhouse tomatoes, the cultivation of which is carried out with tomato pinching, and in general, the recommended care for this variety is provided. I think most gardeners know that tomatoes for open ground, for the most part, can be successfully grown in greenhouses, greenhouses and temporary film shelters. About these varieties in the article "Tomatoes - the best varieties and hybrids for open ground." In order not to repeat myself, look at the article, which describes some of the most popular varieties and hybrids of tomatoes from the Gavrish agricultural company.
Having looked at the ratings of the popularity of tomatoes among summer residents on popular forums, the sales hits of leading Russian agricultural firms for tomatoes, and analyzing the sales volumes of various varieties of tomatoes from my experience in seed retailing, I believe that the list of the best varieties may look like this.
Growing large-fruited tomatoes - varieties and reviews, planting and care
HOW TO GROW LARGE TOMATOES
When growing large-fruited tomatoes, there are some peculiarities.
It is very important to carry out the second pick of seedlings 3 weeks after the first pick, while increasing the amount of food by three times. This allows you to create a strong root system and delay the build-up of leaf mass.
It is very important to remove stepchildren. This procedure must be followed without fail. Otherwise, the plants can get sick with fungal diseases, and from this the yield drops sharply and the fruits become smaller.
Usually tall tomatoes are grown in 2 stems (the stepchildren are left under the first fruiting brush), which leads to an increase in yield and large-fruited fruits. But if we want to grow extra-large tomatoes (1.5-2 kg), then we need to grow plants in only one stem and leave only one fruit in the brush.
When planting, in each hole you need to pour a bucket of humus, 2 tbsp. l. superphosphate and a glass of ash. Planting pattern 50 x 50 cm staggered. Suspension to the trellis (stakes) is required.
Do not forget about dressing, since the size of the fruits and their number will greatly depend on them. When the first inflorescence appears, the plants are fed with a mixture of superphosphate (20-30 g) and potassium sulfate (15-20 g). Foliar dressings are also useful 1 time in 1, 5-2 weeks with urea and potassium sulfate, 30 g each and superphosphate, 10 g each. When flowers appear, they are sprayed with a solution of boric acid (1 g per 10 l of water) 1 time in 7 days in order to so that the first ovaries do not fall on the tomatoes.
To protect tomatoes from diseases, they need to be sprayed 3-4 times per season with copper-containing preparations.
Also, on tall varieties, it is necessary to pinch the tops of plants with buds and flowers (1.5 months before the end of the growing season), since they still do not have time to gain weight and ripen, but they will pull on themselves.
When the fruits reach the size of a pea, half-decomposed manure or compost is placed between the rows of tomatoes in the grooves. As a result, even small-fruited varieties give rather large fruits. But if manure is placed before the tomatoes begin to form, the plants will fatten, the fruits will turn out to be tasteless and ugly.
But, of course, you need to choose the right variety that will produce large, fleshy tomatoes (subject to the above rules).
Bull heart red
Breeders have developed the Bull Heart variety for outdoor and greenhouse cultivation. It belongs to the middle late, which gives the first ripe vegetables 120-125 days after the emergence of shoots. When grown in a greenhouse, the bush grows up to 1.5 meters in height. The plant is determinant, it needs to organize additional support.
This variety requires the removal of unnecessary shoots. In greenhouse conditions, the bush is formed in 2 stems, and on the site - in 3 shoots. The fruits of the Bull's heart are large, and the shape is heart-shaped. Fleshy tomatoes with medium density.
The average weight of tomatoes is 200-400 g, but some specimens reach 600 g. This variety has a special sweet taste with sourness and a pleasant tomato aroma. Tomatoes cannot be stored for a long time. From 1 square meter of land in open ground, you can collect up to 5 kg of ripe fruits, and in a greenhouse - up to 12 kg.
Russian size F1
Mid-season, their full ripening occurs 105 - 140 days after the appearance of young shoots. The bush of this hybrid can reach a height of about 180 cm. It requires special support and a garter already 7 days after planting the seedlings in a permanent place. On fruit clusters that develop after 11-12 leaves, only 2 - 3 fruits can fit. Tomatoes with the smallest weight can be up to 350 g, and the largest fruit can reach a weight of 2 kg.
Such large tomatoes can only be grown if the hybrid is properly cared for when growing. It is important to remember that Russian size tomatoes are formed into 1 stem, removing all the lower leaves and shoots. Plant growth is stopped at the last stage of vegetative development by pinching.
The shape of the fruit of this hybrid is flat-round. The pulp is juicy and aromatic with a pleasant tomato flavor. The culture is resistant to common diseases such as tobacco mosaic, fusarium and cladosporiosis. Observing all the rules of care from one bush, you can collect 4 - 4.5 kg of tasty tomatoes, and in general, the weight can reach up to 12 kg.
Hybrid Siberian - late ripening. Its characteristics and appearance are somewhat reminiscent of the Russian size. However, Siberian is brighter in color, and juicier in taste. The stem of the plant is left alone so that the brushes are formed after every 3rd leaf. The weight of one fruit can be from 400 g to 2.5 kg.
These large tomatoes are mid-season varieties. On the 115th day after the moment when the seeds sprout, you can feast on the first fruits. The height of the bush can reach 1.8 meters. In the open field, the plant grows up to 1-1.2 m.
After disembarking to a permanent place, a garter to the support is required. The bush is formed into 2-3 stems, the rest of the shoots are removed. The shape of the fruit is heart-shaped, the pulp is of medium density. The color of the tomatoes is red with a raspberry tinge. The tomatoes are juicy with a sweet taste.
The weight of one tomato varies from 300 to 500 g. Sometimes you can find specimens of scales in 800 g. With good care, up to 5 kg of tomatoes can be harvested from one bush. Tomato variety Pudovik is not susceptible to many diseases. The disadvantages include the fact that when the soil is oversaturated with moisture, the fruits crack.