We plant barberry in the fall
There are different types of barberry: it is grown both for decorative purposes and for obtaining vitamin berries. Planting rules for any variety are, in principle, the same. Barberry is propagated by both seeds and cuttings, but the easiest way is to purchase and plant a ready-made seedling.
Features of the autumn planting of barberry
Barberry is a thermophilic shrub, which is associated with the peculiarities of its planting and cultivation. Planting is preferred in early spring, before the buds bloom. This is especially true for seedlings with an open root system. If you miss the time, the seedlings will take root for a long time and painfully, failure and death of the plant are also possible. Often, for various reasons, it is impossible to plant barberry in the early stages, and then you have to plant it in the fall.
When planting in spring, barberry quickly forms new roots and continues to grow, it is easier to follow it, correcting possible shortcomings. A timely spring planting is considered more reliable, but this does not apply to those regions where dry hot weather sets in quickly. In the fall, drying out of the soil is less dangerous, but there is a greater likelihood of a fragile seedling getting under frost: this is the main disadvantage of an autumn planting.
A properly planted barberry grows very quickly, and then the bush can be given a variety of shapes.
The most important advantage of planting barberry in autumn is that the bush in the fall naturally goes through the stage of stratification, while developing resistance to cold weather, diseases and pests.
How to plant barberry in the fall
Planting progress is the same as for most berry bushes. The process of planting barberry is not difficult even for a novice gardener.
The optimal planting time for any berry trees coincides with the end of the leaf fall, but for barberry this is not entirely true: the leaves on it last for a long time. In most regions, autumn planting occurs in September. Seedlings with a closed root system can be planted almost at any time of the year.
The deadline for planting in the middle lane is the very beginning of October, at a temperature of about 10-12 aboutFROM. Before the onset of a stable negative air temperature, at least 30–40 days should remain: this is the minimum time required for a seedling to root.
Barberry does not impose strict requirements on illumination, drafts, site relief, therefore it is planted in any, even not very convenient places. The composition of the soil can be different, but the acidity should be close to neutral, the optimum pH is from 6 to 7. More acidic soils are corrected. To do this, during the preparation of the site, 200 g of ash or about 300 g of slaked lime can be added per 1 bush: the powder is evenly scattered over the surface of the earth before its continuous digging, which is very desirable before preparing the planting holes. Does not tolerate shrubs and flooding, grows poorly in the lowest places.
Lime, chalk, dolomite and other alkaline materials can be used to correct the acidity of the soil.
Planting a seedling
The planting process consists of the following stages.
- 15–20 days before disembarkation, they dig a planting pit about 40 x 40 x 40 cm in size so that a biological balance can be established in the fertile soil poured into it. With the simultaneous planting of several bushes, the distance between them is from 1.5 m. In the case of organizing a hedge, the seedlings are placed every 25–40 cm. In the latter case, they dig a common trench.
The landing pit does not dig too deep
- In the case of clayey soil, a drainage layer of sand (8–10 cm) is poured onto the bottom of the pit, then a mixture of soil with fertilizers (150 g of superphosphate, 40 g of potassium sulfate, half a bucket of humus). If the soil is dry, water it.
Instead of potassium sulfate, you can take a couple of glasses of wood ash
- Barberry is planted without deepening the root collar. The roots in the pit are straightened and gradually covered with fertile soil. Seedlings with a closed root system are planted "as is", carefully removing them with a lump of earth from the container.
If a seedling with a closed root system, you just need to carefully remove it from the pot: planting is carried out without deepening, almost at any time
- Pour 1-2 buckets of water under the seedling and cut off the shoots, leaving only a few buds.
After planting the seedling in the fall, almost the entire aerial part is cut off.
- Be sure to mulch the soil with compost or peat in a layer of up to 5–7 cm, and with the arrival of winter in the first year after planting, they also throw in snow.
The autumn planting of barberry is not the best choice, but if it is carried out correctly and on time, the shrub will take root well and will decorate the garden, and many varieties will give tasty sour berries by autumn.
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How to plant and prune barberries in the fall, and how to prepare for winter
Pruning barberry in the fall is one of the important stages of crop care. And although the plant is unpretentious, it is responsive to feeding and watering. To preserve the decorative effect of shrubs, one should not neglect pruning in the fall and preparing the culture for the winter period.
- When to plant barberry: fall or spring
- How to plant or replant barberry in the fall
- Site and soil requirements
- Seedling preparation
- How to plant a barberry in the fall
- Barberry care in autumn
- Top dressing
- Treatment against diseases and pests
- Why and when you need to cut barberry
- When to prune barberries: fall or spring
- Features of pruning different types of shrubs
- How to prune barberries in the fall
- How to prepare barberry for winter
- Do I need to cover the barberry for the winter
- How to cover correctly
- Recommendations and common mistakes
When to plant barberry?
Most often, the bush is planted in the spring, after the soil thaws well, until the buds begin to bloom. Sometimes they do this in the fall, when the leaves fall en masse. Considering that barberry is a non-capricious plant, tolerates drought and frost, it can be planted in an open area where there is a draft and strong wind.
Soil for planting barberry
It is recommended to plant the barberry on neutral soil, its acidity should not exceed 7 pH. If the acidity is increased, lime must be added. To do this, before planting or during it is necessary to fill the hole with humus or compost with garden soil. It is also advisable to add superphosphate, wood ash and hydrated lime.
Barberry planting scheme
If the planting is single, you need to leave about 1.5-2 meters between the bushes. If your goal is to create a hedge from a plant, then you need to plant two bushes per meter of length. Prematurely, half a month before planting, you need to prepare a pit, measuring 40 × 40, and make a trench to a depth of about 40 cm. In order to improve air access to the root system of the barberry, it is necessary to add sand to the bottom of the pit. If the soil is more alkaline, neutral and with low acidity, humus or compost, as well as superphosphate, must be added to the pit before planting. Having prepared the pit, you need to place a seedling in it and sprinkle it with soil, then compact it, water it with water and mulch using peat or compost. After the seedling, it is necessary to cut it so that about 3-5 developed buds remain.
Recommendations for planting and caring for Thunberg barberry
Tunberg barberry is a shrub of the deciduous barberry family, the direction of growth is horizontal. Japan and China are considered to be the homeland of this plant. Many varieties of Thunberg barberry have leafy green and bright red berries. Some can even boast of leaves of a red, white-green and even yellowish hue. The tallest species of barberry reaches three meters in height, the lowest, belonging to the dwarf species, can grow only 20 centimeters. Read what David's budley looks like and how to prepare it for winter.
This is how one of the varieties of Thunberg barberry blooms
All types of Thunberg barberry take root well in the garden, some of them are used only for decoration, and the largest ones can even serve as a hedge. This plant develops quite quickly, needs sunlight, frost-resistant. It is worth considering the fact that it is necessary to plant barberry only in places where gusty wind cannot harm it. Review of weigela species here: http://landscapediz.com/rasteniya/kustarniki/obzor-sortov-i-vidov-vejgely.html.
Thunberg barberry bears fruit annually, but for this it is necessary to take care of it accordingly.
When to plant Thunberg barberry?
If the barberry will be planted as a separate unit, then it is necessary to leave a distance of one and a half to two meters between the bushes. If the Thunberg barberry is used as a dense single-row hedge, then about four copies must be placed sequentially. At this distance, the barberry will grow over time and occupy the entire territory allotted to it. If the hedge will be planted in two rows, then it is necessary to plant about five bushes, so the row will be denser and even more impassable. To correctly calculate the number of bushes, there are proportions: 2 copies per 1 running meter.
Barberry of this species is able to withstand high soil acidity, it can be both absolutely neutral and acidic, but the shrub still gives preference to neutral. Thunberg barberry should be planted in a soil mixture of the following composition (all ingredients are mixed in a 1: 1: 1 ratio):
- garden land that can be purchased from any horticultural department.
Sprinkle the shrub with 300 grams of slaked lime or two hundred grams of wood ash. How to care for thuja Smaragd, on this page.
Barberry Thunberg in the autumn is not recommended to be planted, because the plant needs to strengthen, develop the root system and prepare for the onset of cold weather. And in the fall there is no time for that. Accordingly, many young shrubs may simply not survive the winter cold.
How to plant the Thunberg barberry correctly?
To plant the Thunberg barberry correctly, you must follow the following tips:
- The stalk, which will be planted in the soil mixture, should be sprinkled with substances responsible for the rapid growth of the plant. Growth boosters can be purchased from the garden department of any shopping mall.
- Prepare soil in advance. If groundwater was previously observed in the landing site, then drainage should be done.
- To create drainage, expanded clay or crushed stone is perfect, you need to sprinkle the drainage with sand on top.
- After the shrub is placed in the ground, it should be thoroughly watered and a "steam bath" should be provided for a while.
How to propagate Thunberg barberry?
Thunberg barberry can be grown from both seeds and cuttings. The second method is the most convenient, because it takes less time and is not so laborious. Read about the characteristics of the Tunberg barberry here: http://landscapediz.com/rasteniya/kustarniki/xarakteristiki-barbarisa-tunberga-i-foto.html.
To get a cutting from a bush, you should:
- cut off three or four branches, the presence of green shoots on which is required.
- clear branches of foliage
- at an angle of 45 degrees, divide them by two more,
- treat all sections with a growth accelerator.
The next step is to place the cut pieces in a container of liquid. For this, a small transparent container is suitable, it is covered with a mesh fabric (for example, gauze) on top and the blanks are stuck in. So it will be possible to observe the formation of roots on the cuts.
Sprouted twigs are transplanted into pots with a soil mixture similar in composition for planting. After rooting, the plant is planted in soil.
Thunberg barberry care
Proper care of barberry will make it possible to contemplate a completely healthy plant all year round, which not only develops but also bears fruit. To do this, you need to regularly feed the barberry. They begin to give supplementary food from the age of 2, in the spring, fertilizers of a nitrogen nature are applied. For this, urea is perfect, which is pre-diluted in a bucket of water (proportions 20-30 grams per bucket). Then the shrub should be fertilized several times a year with complex fertilizers with microelements.
Watering shrubs produces once a week, barberry does not like much moisture, but as for loosening, special attention should be paid to this moment, because weeds often interfere with the normal development of the bush.
After the plant is planted in the soil mixture, mulching will need to be carried out.
Every year, you should not only feed and water the plants, but also cut it off. You can properly trim the plant as follows:
- weak shoots are removed first,
- after - those that have developed poorly.
Adult shrubs should be transplanted in the spring, if the plants are planted with a dense single-row hedge, shrubs can only be cut after 2 years. Cut off from half to two-thirds of the above-ground part of the hedge. You can prune twice a year: at the very beginning of summer and at the end of August.
As for dwarf barberries, it is completely optional to cut them, they are great for zoning a garden plot. In temperate latitudes, the barberry shrub is often used as a hedge. If you take several different varieties to create a fence, then the hedge will turn out to be not only impassable, but also incredibly beautiful. In some varieties of barberry, the thorns reach one and a half centimeters, so sometimes it is even more dangerous than the hawthorn itself.
Barberry Thunberg, pests and diseases
The main diseases of the barberry Thunberg:
- Powdery mildew is a fungal disease, manifested in the idea of a white bloom on the entire trunk of the barberry. To get rid of the "sore" it is necessary to spray the barberry with a solution of colloidal salt.
Barberry aphid - this disease can lead to both partial and complete foliage. Spring spraying with a solution of laundry soap is perfect against this type of disease.
- Rust. It does not affect this species of the barberry family.
Watch video tips for using Thunberg barberry in landscape design:
Barberry Thunberg is suitable for those gardeners who like to tinker in the garden. They like to spend time taking care of and watering. For those who are not ready to spend personal time on a garden plot, barberry will bring little joy. In addition to thorns, an unkempt plant will not only ruin the entire composition of the garden, but also contribute to the germination of various weeds and plants that are unpleasant-looking. In order for the garden to please the eye, you must first put your whole soul and spend a lot of time. Read the guidelines for growing thuja western Brabant and its use in landscaping.
Reproduction of barberry
Such a shrub can be propagated by seeds, as well as by dividing the bush, layering and cuttings. It should be borne in mind that each such method has both positive and negative sides.
Growing barberry from seeds
To collect seeds, you need well-ripened barberry fruits. Separate the seeds from the pulp and immerse them in the potassium manganese solution, where they should sit for a few minutes. After that, the seeds need to be dried. Sowing of seeds is carried out in the autumn time directly in the student's bed, while they need to be sealed to a centimeter depth. After a pair of true leaves appear at the seedlings in spring, thinning should be done, while taking into account that a distance of at least 3 centimeters must be kept between the plants. Barberries should grow on a training bed for a couple of years, after which they are planted in a permanent place.In the event that you have planned sowing in the spring, then the seeds will need to be stratified. To do this, they must be mixed with sand and placed on a refrigerator shelf (temperature 2–5 degrees), where they must spend from 2 to 5 months. Such seedlings, planted in a permanent place, will bear fruit for the first time 2 or 3 years after the emergence of shoots. However, it should be borne in mind that for the appearance of ovaries, several bushes are needed, located next to each other, since this plant needs cross-pollination.
Propagation of barberry by cuttings
Cuttings are harvested in mid-June, while this procedure should be carried out early in the morning. The leaf plates located at the bottom of the cuttings must be removed, and those at the top are shortened by ½ part. Then the prepared cuttings must be immersed in a solution of an agent that stimulates the growth of roots (heteroauxin, epin or root), where they should stay for several hours. After that, they need to be thoroughly rinsed with clean water and planted in a greenhouse in a moist earth mixture consisting of fertile soil, humus, peat and sand (2: 2: 2: 1). For the greenhouse, you will need to make a removable dome, which must be transparent. The plants will stay in the greenhouse for about half a month. The dome must be systematically removed so that the cuttings can be ventilated. When they are completely rooted, the shelter should be removed permanently. The cuttings are planted on a training bed, where they should be grown for about 2 years, then they can be planted in a permanent place.
Propagation of barberry by layering
In springtime, on the bush among the lower branches, you need to choose a fairly strong annual stem. Then it must be pressed against the surface of the soil and placed in a shallow (about 20 centimeters) groove, which should be made in advance. Fix the stem, then fill the groove with soil, while only the upper part of the shoot should remain on the soil surface. In autumn, the finished rooted cut must be separated from the parent plant and transplanted for growing.
Reproduction of barberry by dividing the bush
This method of reproduction is great for low-growing barberry species, while the plant must be at least 3-5 years old, and its root collar must be at a depth of at least 10 centimeters. In spring, the bush needs to be dug up, and then it is divided into several divisions, which should be approximately the same in size. In order to divide the root itself, you may need not only a pruner, but also a garden saw. Proceed with extreme caution, trying to inflict as little damage as possible on the plant. When the bush is divided, all the cuts must be smeared with chopped charcoal, after which the cuttings are planted in open ground. In the event that the stems of the specimen begin to branch above the surface of the soil, this propagation method is not used.
What plants can be planted nearby?
This is perhaps one of the most important points to figure out before planting seedlings. Plant compatibility is called allelopathy... It can be both negative and positive.
The best compatibility of fruit trees will be achieved if plants of the same species are planted nearby: apple trees with apple trees, pears with pears, cherries with cherries. But such a garden of the same type will look pretty boring. That is why trees of different types grow in our gardens, which are important to plant correctly. For example, a pear will feel great next to an apple tree and red rowan, while a cherry or peach will give it a lot of inconvenience.
In the case of a positive allelopathy, trees in the garden can not only happily exist in the neighborhood, but also be mutually beneficial. Therefore, before planning plantings in the garden, it is recommended to check the compatibility table for different crops.
Walnut gets along worst of all with its "neighbors" in the garden. This tree is considered toxic and can inhibit almost all fruit crops. Therefore, if you are going to have such a plant in the garden, find a place for it on the outskirts of the site, where it will not interfere with anyone.
Barberry Aurea is an ornamental shrub variety. Landscape designers use it with great pleasure as an important element for decorating gardens, parks, and private plots. Every amateur gardener who is familiar with the basic rules for growing shrubs can grow the Thunberg Aurea barberry.