Proper planting and caring for pumpkin outdoors
The chemical composition of pumpkin is rich in vitamins and minerals that are useful for the normal functioning of human organs. This explains the popularity of growing vegetables in the garden beds. Culture enjoys success among farmers for industrial cultivation... In this review, we will talk about the features of planting pumpkin seeds and seedlings in open ground and further care.
Terms for planting pumpkin in Belarus, Ukraine, Leningrad region and other regions
A crop is planted after the soil is completely warmed up, and the average daily temperature does not fall below + 10 ° C. If, when sowing in spring, the temperature is below + 13 ° C, then the germination process slows down, which threatens seed rot. In the middle lane, the best dates for planting seeds fall in the second decade of May. According to folk traditions, the sowing day coincides with the church holiday - St. George's Day, but you should not rely on the landmark date without taking into account the weather conditions.
In the southern regions, as well as in Belarus, Ukraine, Donbass, where weather conditions permit, pumpkin can be planted at the end of April. According to the lunar calendar, this period coincides with the growing moon, which is favorable for the development of fruit-tops.
Most popular varieties
For Moscow region
Cold-hardy crop with a sprawling long lash and sweet-tasting large fruits hanging over mature up to 6 kg. The culture is unpretentious to the type of soil, its fertility.
Culture with an early ripening period (75-85 days). The vegetable is characterized by a sweetish taste with hints of vanilla. Ripe pumpkin weighs 3-4 kg. Duration of storage of fruits is more than 4 months.
For the Urals
The plant is resistant to garden diseases and frost. The pulp is juicy and sugar, for which it is appreciated by culinary experts. The mass of the Russian pumpkin exceeds 2.7 kg. The ripening period of the crop is 110-130 days. The ripe fruit is orange.
Butternut squash ripens in 100 days the weight of the pumpkins is about 5-7 kg. The taste is full-bodied with a nutmeg note. The plant is cold-resistant, tolerates drought and heavy rainfall, has a strong immunity.
The best varieties of Siberia
Plant with vegetation days. The pulp is very juicy and sweet, tastes like a melon. Even after heat treatment, it retains a crispy texture. Pumpkin weight does not exceed 3 kg.
Shrub variety. The culture easily tolerates temperature extremes and withstands frost, shows resistance to a humid environment. The variety has excellent taste and long shelf life (up to the next season). The duration of the growing season is 90-110 days, fruit weight - 2.1-3 kg.
Correct planting of a plant in open ground
The key to yield is correct planting, which includes the preparation of seeds and soil, as well as the process of laying planting material in the hole.
Seed preparation: check for germination and germination
Seed material must first be checked for germination and sorted, leaving only healthy specimens. 3 days before the start of sowing, the grains must be germinated in wet gauze or sawdust. To speed up the germination of seeds at home, they are placed in a solution of sodium or potassium humate for 2 days. The container should be kept in a room all this time, where the temperature regime is 20 ° C.
The soil must be prepared before planting. To do this, they dig it up, apply fertilizers: potash, phosphorus, compost or manure. It is better to use complex ones, they enrich the soil with various nutrients. For example, 2 buckets of humus, ½ buckets of sawdust, 1 kg of ash, 1 glass of nitrophoska are introduced per 1 m2.
The depth of digging the soil should be at least 35-50 cm. To disinfect the site, it is necessary to pour it with hot water.
Where to plant a pumpkin in the country? A sunny, well-ventilated place is chosen for landing. Precursors such as potatoes, sunflowers, melons, and watermelon will not work. But after legumes, tomatoes and beets, the plant will feel great. The same site should not be used for disembarkation either; the break should be 4-5 years.
Planting seeds and seedlings in the country
The distance between the holes should be at least 60 cm, because the lash of the plant is actively developing and spreading over a large space. When determining the scheme, it is better to be guided by the characteristics of the variety. More often, gardeners use this planting option:
- embedment depth seeds - 8-10 cm (on light soils), 5-6 cm (on loams) with the sharp side down;
- interval between holes in a row - 60-80 cm;
- distance between the rows - 1 m.
For spreading lashes, the scheme is used: 1x1.5 m. To protect the planting from spring frosts, it is recommended to cover the bed with a film.
Experienced gardeners use the lunar calendar when planning planting work in the garden. The terms indicated in it affect the speed of plant development. It is recommended to plant a pumpkin on the growing moon:
- in March start planting seeds for seedlings (18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23);
- in April sowing is permissible in open ground (17-22, 24-29);
- in May (16-21, 23-28).
In addition to 3-4 seeds, organic fertilizers are introduced into each hole: manure, humus or peat. To moisturize, use warm water (2 liters per hole).
In the Leningrad region, the Moscow region, in the Urals, in Siberia, pumpkin is grown in seedlings. The technology of planting young plants in the ground does not differ from planting seeds.
And what to do if the pumpkin seedlings are strongly elongated? In cases of excessive activity of seedling growth, when the stem becomes thin and unnecessarily long, the first thing to do is to transplant the plants into larger pots, providing the necessary space.
Growing at home and further care
At home, pumpkin can be grown on almost any soil. The culture shows tolerance to adverse weather conditions, even when it has begun to germinate. But these facts do not mean that the culture does not need to be cared for.
How long will the seeds germinate?
The timing of seed germination depends solely on the temperature regime. If the night indicator does not fall below 12-14 °, the seeds will begin to sprout in a week. Even if the weather is cool, after a month, 2-3 leaves are already developing on the shoot.
Pre-planting soaking of seeds in growth stimulants will help speed up the germination process. In addition to special means, aloe juice, infusion of wood ash, potato juice, honey solution are used.
The pumpkin needs watering, but in moderation. Excessive moisture will provoke the pulling of the seedlings. It is better to water the soil after loosening and weeding. The culture tolerates drought well, but the reaction to cold water from the main line can be negative. Therefore, experts recommend using the settled liquid from the well.
The plant is very fond of feeding. Already a week after germination of seedlings, the first complementary food is introduced. The plant gets ideal nutrition from the mullein solution. Nitrophoska is considered no less effective (15 grams per bucket of water). She and carry out subsequent feeding with an interval of 10-14 days.
The correct formation of the seedling is expressed in a low but strong stem, short internodes, the presence of 3 leaves after a month.
As soon as 2-3 true leaves appear on the seedlings, you need to thin out the garden bed. When growing large-fruited pumpkin, only one sprout is left, nutmeg and hard bark - 2 seedlings each.
The developing lash should also be shaped by removing excess ovaries and lateral shoots. This is done in two ways: in one stem and in two. In the first case, it is recommended to leave only 2-3 ovaries, on which there are 3-4 leaves. In the second method, 2 fruits are left on the main stem, and one on the side shoot. Without such a procedure, the fruits will be small and not very tasty.
Pests and prevention
Pumpkin is considered an unpretentious plant, however, this culture is also threatened by pests. Reducing productivity, and sometimes destroying young shoots can:
- melon aphid.
When signs of an invasion of pests are detected, special preparations are used (Actellik, Fufanon, Tsitkor, etc.). Products made from biological components are safer. In efficiency, sometimes folk methods are not inferior, among which deserve attention:
- decoctions and infusions from pharmacy chamomile;
- infusions of potato and tomato tops;
- decoctions of wormwood and other aromatic herbs;
- wood ash;
- tobacco dust;
- slaked lime, etc.
Working solutions are used for spraying plants, and powders are used for dusting. The procedures are repeated 2-3 times at intervals of 7-10 days.
For an instant reaction to an invasion of pests, it is necessary to make it a rule to inspect the beds with a regularity of 1 every 3 days. Then you can localize the problem and save the harvest.
You can determine the maturity of a pumpkin by the following criteria:
- the peduncle becomes more rigid, the surface is corked, its woodiness occurs simultaneously with the stem supplying food;
- the leaves on the whip dry up, change color to yellow;
- whatever the original peel color, after ripening, reflects the texture pattern more vividly;
- if you run your fingernail over the crust, no trace is formed;
- when you press your fingers on the fetus, feel hard;
- ripe product is covered matte bloom;
- when tapped, audible ringing knock;
- when harvesting the peduncle is easy to remove.
To ensure the crop has a long shelf life, it is necessary to pluck the fruits carefully, taking care not to damage the rind. Scratches should be sealed with a bactericidal plaster so that microbes do not penetrate into the vegetable.
The fruits removed from the garden are placed in a dry room, where they ripen for about a month.
The main guarantee of a good harvest is correct selection of seeds and timely care. Self-grown pumpkin diversifies the menu for households, enriches the body with nutrients.
Irises: planting, cultivation and care in the open field
Iris is a very common garden culture, loved by flower growers for its decorative qualities, spectacular and bright flowering. Irises are great for growing in flower beds, flower beds, mixborders, along fences and so on. The culture blooms in late spring, often blooms again in early autumn.
This is a perennial, and, it would seem, caring for it does not imply much trouble. However, our readers have a lot of questions: how to plant an iris correctly and how to care for it? What are the features of caring for individual species? What do irises hurt and how to treat them? We decided to answer all questions regarding planting and caring for irises in one article.
Useful properties of pumpkin
The grown vegetables are fully used for cooking and preparing food. Pumpkin is a storehouse of vitamins which are contained in the pulp and seeds.
A healthy and tasty oil is made from the seeds, which is low-allergenic, has a regenerating and anti-inflammatory effect.
The pulp contains a number of vitamins, including the rare vitamin T, which normalizes the body's metabolism.
Pumpkin is rich in carotene, and nutritionists often prescribe a pumpkin diet for people with visual impairments. People suffering from stomach diseases and intestinal problems practice the use of pumpkin pulp.
Pumpkin seed oil has anthelmintic properties, eliminates constipation.
In cooking, there are many pumpkin recipes.
Many people think that the pumpkin is a rounded orange or bright yellow fruit. But this vegetable crop is diverse in its color, size, shape and fruit taste. There are also decorative and inedible varieties.
During the period of growth and development of the pumpkin, a huge number of shoots are formed, which take up a lot of moisture and nutrients. And the fruits that are formed on them are tasteless and small in size. That is why the formation of the plant is carried out.
After the formation of extra shoots, they are removed, and the extra ovaries are also cut off, leaving no more than three on each lash.
How to properly care for a pumpkin?
Regardless of how the seedlings are planted, the pumpkin should be looked after before harvest in the same way. 5-7 days after planting, the soil in the holes should be mulched again with compost, peat, chopped nettle, humus or pine needles. It is required to loosen and weed the aisles once every 10-14 days. At first, you can go deeper up to 12 cm, but after 4-5 weeks they loosen no deeper than 5-8 cm so as not to damage the roots.
To attract insects (bees) that pollinate flowers, pumpkin bushes are sprayed with sugar or honey water (1 tsp per 10 liters of water). In inclement cloudy weather, when the bees do not fly, pollination is carried out manually to avoid rotting of the unpolished ovary. The petals are cut off from the male flower and the remaining anthers (stamens) touch the pistil on the female flower.
How to form a plant correctly?
The green mass on young pumpkin seedlings grows quickly, long lashes spread out in different directions. In order for the plant to remain within the territory allotted to it, their number must be normalized. At the bush, the apical bud with a part of the shoot is pinched to stimulate the development of lateral stems, on which the formation of female flowers occurs.
At the same time, pinching is carried out and excess axillary shoots that have grown to 6-8 cm are removed, and unnecessary leaves are also cut off. Each lash is pinched when it reaches 1.5 m, laid out in the right direction and sprinkled with soil. To make the fruits larger, the extra ovaries are cut off and left on each stem 1.
Watering and fertilizing pumpkin
The correct technology for growing pumpkin in the open field provides for regular and abundant watering with warm water (not lower than +20 ° C). Cold artesian or well water can lead to decay of the root system and death of plants. Warm watering favors the formation of female flowers. Moisture is especially strong during flowering, fruit setting and growth. With poor watering, they will be shallow.
Feeding pumpkin begins after the appearance of 5-6 leaves. The next procedure is carried out when the lateral lashes begin to develop. In the future, plantings are fertilized every 2 weeks during the entire growing season.
For feeding, you can use:
- dry granules of nitrophoska - 10 g per plant (they are scattered under the bushes)
- nitrophoska solution - 15 g per 10 l of water (each bush is watered with fertilizer)
- wood ash - 1 glass per bush
- mullein solution (1: 8) at the rate of 1 bucket for 5-6 plants (during the fruiting period, 1 bucket for 3 bushes).
Harvesting and storage
Collect pumpkin before the first frost. The month of picking vegetables is September. Fruits are harvested in dry weather. It is advisable to cut when there was no rain the day before. A pumpkin that has fallen into strong and severe frosts is not stored. It should be consumed soon. Unripe fetus will not survive either. It is recycled.
Fruits that are ripe are cut with a stalk. Its length should be 5 cm. With this pruning, the pumpkin will be stored for a long time and well. The fruits are dried in the sun or in a warm dry room for two weeks and then stored.You can store the vegetable at room temperature in a cool dark place. The optimum storage temperature is +5. + 8 °.
You can understand whether a vegetable is ripe or not if you carefully study its appearance. The peduncle of hard-bore varieties should become dry and firm. A ripe butternut or large-fruited pumpkin will have a characteristic pattern.
Pumpkin loves feeding with ash. This natural fertilizer supplies the plant with potassium, which will be abundant in a properly grown pumpkin (see below for the chemical composition of pumpkin and its value for those who want to lose weight).
According to the technology of growing pumpkin, a month before the harvest, you need to stop watering, then the fruits will acquire firmness and will be well stored. If the fall is rainy, it is better to cover the plants with foil or put an awning over them. The fruits ripen three and a half months after planting the seedlings in the ground. If they did not have time to acquire the characteristic golden or gray color of the variety, they will acquire it later, after lying in the room for several weeks.
Seeds of the unusual Butternut pumpkin have recently appeared on the shelves of seed shops. The plant was bred in Israel, but they learned to grow it in our country too. The fruits of Butternut pumpkin are medium-sized (weighing up to 3 kilograms) and have a pear-shaped shape. The peel is of an even dull color. If you cut the pumpkin fruit lengthwise, then the shape of the cut resembles a mandolin.
The seed chamber is located only in the expanded part of the fruit, because of this, the pulp of the Butternut pumpkin gives more than ordinary hollow pumpkins and zucchini. The flesh of this pumpkin variety is sweet, firm with a fresh fruity aroma. The variety is southern and in the middle lane, when sown with seeds in open ground, it may not pick up the sweetness that is characteristic of it. It is better to grow pumpkin seedlings, and the seeds can be taken from a purchased vegetable.
Pinch the Butternut pumpkin when the whips grow 1 meter. You need to leave no more than 3 lashes on each plant and direct in different directions. Pinching will help you get ripe, large and heavy fruits.
Pumpkins of all varieties are harvested when the stalks are corky and dry. By this time, a characteristic pattern for the variety should have time to form on the peel. Before the first freezing, fruits are harvested, even immature ones, and transferred to ripening in a warmer place, for example, in a greenhouse. Frozen pumpkins will not be stored and will quickly rot.
Pumpkins can be stored permanently in the cellar, hanging by the stalk, or in an apartment on the floor in a dark corner, but you need to keep in mind that mice love the pumpkin. Rodents gnaw through the flesh to get to the delicious pumpkin seeds.
When growing pumpkin seeds, special oilseed varieties are chosen. The fruits of the varieties contain 1-2% of seeds by weight of the pumpkin. Oilseed varieties include Bulgarian, Ladies' marigold, Kherson watermelon, Ukrainian polycarpous, Muscat, Novinka, Polevichka, Valok. Oil varieties have a lower yield than ordinary varieties - no more than 800 kilograms are harvested per hectare.
There are bare-grain varieties that produce husk-free seeds. These are Styrian holozernaya, Holozernaya round and Golosemyannaya. Hull-free seeds are especially appreciated. In retail, they are 40% more expensive than ordinary ones, but it is more difficult to grow naked varieties than ordinary ones, since the seed quickly decays in the soil and has an extremely low germination capacity. Otherwise, caring for gymnosperms is no different from caring for conventional varieties.
Styrian Butter Gourd is an old variety used for pumpkin seed oil production. Pumpkin oil is used in cooking and cosmetology. The variety is prized for its high content of linoleic acid in the seeds, which gives the oil a nutty flavor and aroma. When growing pumpkin in the open field, the yield of the variety is 500-1500 kg per hectare, the weight of the fruit is up to 6 kilograms. The flesh of Styrian Butter Gourd is coarse-fiber and is only suitable for livestock feed.
The planting scheme depends on the variety. When growing oil pumpkins, no more than one plant is left per square meter. A denser planting results in lower yields.
What is great about pumpkin is that it drowns out any weed that grows in the garden. This can be used during the introduction of fallow lands into the crop rotation. It is enough to plant a pumpkin in an abandoned area in the first year and it will clear the soil of weeds, blocking the light with powerful leaves. Without access to sunlight, many weeds will wither and die.
It is necessary to weed the garden with pumpkins at the first stage, when the plants sprout. When grown in the field, it is enough to pass the field lengthwise and across the field with a walk-behind tractor twice, while the plants form lashes. The pumpkins will then overtake and smother the weeds.
When growing pumpkin without manure and humus, you can use green manure, the best of which is the vetch-oat mixture. It is sown as soon as the soil warms up slightly. After the emergence of pumpkin shoots, vetch and oats are pruned with a weeder or Fokin's flat cutter.
As a result, the soil is enriched with nutrients, especially nitrogen, and the garden bed remains covered with a layer of green mulch, which helps to retain moisture. The mixture of oats and oats also prevents the establishment of annual weeds.
Pumpkins should not be sown in the same area more than once every 4 years. If the crop rotation is observed, the plants do not suffer from diseases and pests. Of the pests, the gourd aphid annoys the pumpkin more.
There is an interesting way to protect plants from insects. Aphids are afraid of shiny surfaces, so strips of aluminum foil are laid out between the plants to scare off plantings - this avoids spraying with insecticides. Of the diseases, pumpkin is most often affected by powdery mildew.
If you doubt whether it is worth growing pumpkin, then remember that the fruits of a healthy vegetable contain up to 6% carbohydrates (of which 5% are in the form of sugar), there are no organic acids and little fiber (less than 1%). The chemical composition allows the use of pumpkin fruits in dietary and therapeutic nutrition for diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, including pancreatitis (inflammation of the gallbladder) and hepatitis.
Pumpkin contains more pectin than apples and beets, so it removes a lot of toxic substances and harmful cholesterol from the body. It is also low in sodium salts and high in potassium, so it can be used to feed people with vascular, heart and kidney diseases.
Growing pumpkin outdoors
Pumpkin (Latin Cucurbita) is a vitamin-rich vegetable with a pleasant mild flavor and is used in many dietary dishes. Cultivation of a culture requires compliance with certain conditions and rules, which we will consider in more detail.
Preparing and planting pumpkin in open ground
Growing pumpkin is possible in two ways:
- Planting non-dived seedlings
- Sowing prepared seeds.
Presowing seed treatment
Growing pumpkin in the open field begins with the preparation of seeds, which are soaked in water, preferably in sodium humate or potassium humate, for a day. Taking the seeds out of the water, they are covered with a damp cloth or gauze for two days, leaving in a shaded place at temperatures up to plus 23 grams. Celsius. The fabric is constantly moisturized. It is not recommended to take seeds from the harvest of the year before last - there may be poor germination.
Pumpkin seeds after germination
For the treatment of diseases, the seeds are immersed in a 30% sodium chloride solution (2 tablespoons of salt per 100 ml of water). Healthy and strong specimens will sink to the bottom, and weak ones will float up and are subject to rejection.
After germination, the sprouts are placed in plastic cups or pots up to 10 cm in diameter, with prepared soil: a peat mixture mixed with sand and garden soil (1: 1: 1).
Growing and caring for pumpkin seedlings
Transplanting and growing pumpkin in the open field in the Moscow region occurs after the appearance of three full-fledged leaves. On average, the seedlings should be about a month old.
Site selection and soil preparation
The plot allocated for the cultivation of pumpkin is chosen far from upright crops, with a flat surface and good access to sunlight. The land is pre-fertilized: per 1 sq.m. take 2 buckets of humus, 0.5 buckets of wood chips, 1 liter of wood ash and 200 g of nitrophoska. The soil is dug 50 cm deep and beds are formed up to 70 cm wide.
Preparing the beds for planting pumpkin
Pumpkin seeds or seedlings are planted in warm soil from mid-May, while the air temperature should exceed the average daily plus 10 grams. Celsius. If the seeds are planted earlier, then they will not be able to develop properly and will rot.
Growing pumpkin outdoors in an area where potatoes, melon, sunflower or watermelon were previously grown is not recommended. In one place, the pumpkin is planted with a break of five years. Sandy loamy, light and medium loamy soils with a neutral Ph 4.5-5 are most suitable for growing pumpkin.
Pumpkin planting technology
Holes for seeds or seedlings are made along the entire bed at a distance of 0.9-1 m from each other and to a depth of 5-7 cm.At least 2 liters of water are poured into each hole, the temperature of which should not be lower than plus 50 grams. Celsius, after which they start sowing.
Sowing pumpkin in open ground
Top mulch with sawdust, straw or peat. Growing pumpkin outdoors in Siberia is slightly different: it is recommended to sow 2 seeds per hole. After their germination, a weaker plant is selected and removed.
Seedling pumpkin after planting in open ground
The agricultural technique for growing pumpkin in the open field includes additional cover for the planted seeds with a film, which is carefully fixed along the perimeter of the garden bed. The covering material creates greenhouse conditions and helps protect seedlings from possible frost.
After the sprouts have reached 50 cm in height, the film is lifted by pulling it over a wire frame. In mid-June, the material is filmed.
A film without a frame left in the garden can be used in place of mulch, which will help facilitate caring for the pumpkin as it grows. In the covering material, with this use, cross-shaped incisions are made for the sprouts.
Pumpkin cultivation and care - film mulching
Planting and growing pumpkins in the open field video
Caring for pumpkin in the open field is not difficult, as it consists in timely watering and feeding.
Top dressing should be applied no more than once every 2 weeks. Feeding pumpkin in the open field with minerals is performed twice: when five leaves appear (10 g of nitrophoska per plant in dry form) when whips appear (15 g of nitrophoska per 10 liters of water for each bush).
Feeding pumpkin with wood ash (1 cup per 1 plant) and mullein (1 liter of mullein per 10 liters of water) is also effective. Mullein is introduced at the beginning of the growing season (1 bucket for 6 plants) and during fruiting (1 bucket for 3 bushes).
Top dressing pumpkin in the open field
All dressings are introduced into a ring-shaped ditch, increasing the depth from 8 to 15 cm as the pumpkin grows.At the seedling stage, a deepening is dug at a distance of 15 cm, after 2 weeks it is increased to 40 cm.
Watering the pumpkin
Before watering, the soil is loosened 10 cm deep, trying not to catch the root, and cleaned of weeds. Watering pumpkins in the open field is carried out only with warm water, 50 gr. Celsius, do not use cold artesian or well water.
Timely abundant irrigation during flowering is especially important: moisture is necessary for the formation of female inflorescences. Water consumption during this period is about 30 liters per plant.
During the ripening of the fruits, the amount of water when watering is reduced, since excess moisture reduces the shelf life and reduces the sugar content of the fruits.
Growing pumpkin video
Forming pumpkin lashes
The formation of a pumpkin during cultivation allows you not to waste energy on extra ovaries and shoots, due to which larger fruits grow with better taste characteristics. While the main stem has reached a length of 1.5 m, it is pinched. Leave only 2 lateral shoots up to 70 cm long. On each of them, a fruit ripens.
Scheme of the formation of pumpkin lashes
To speed up the filling of fruits, the shoots are pressed to the ground, sprinkled with a small layer of soil at a distance of up to half a meter from the main shoot for rooting. A piece of plywood or glass is placed under each forming pumpkin to protect against fungal diseases that begin to develop on the fruits from damp soil.
Pinching and caring for a pumpkin in the open field video
Protecting pumpkin from diseases and pests
The most common pumpkin diseases are fruit rot, powdery mildew and mosaic. Most often they appear due to increased dampness - a favorable environment for the development of bacteria and fungi. Of the pests, the spider mite most often affects the pumpkin, as well as the melon aphid.
When the first symptoms of a fungal disease are detected on the leaves of the pumpkin, they are fought by spraying with a solution of 3 g of potassium permanganate or 2 g of copper sulfate, dissolved in 10 liters of water. They are treated with 1% Bordeaux liquid during the formation of ovaries and leaves. For prevention, regular watering is carried out, crop rotation is observed and the remains of diseased plants are destroyed.
Powdery mildew on pumpkin leaves
A dangerous viral disease, infected plants are removed and burned away from the site. Preventive measures: destruction of weeds, disinfection of garden tools, destruction of parasites, timely removal of affected areas.
Pumpkin mosaic in the initial stage
The decayed areas are carefully removed with a knife and the wound is wiped with fresh aloe juice. The rubbed area dries up, and the pumpkin continues to develop.
Insect protection methods
Aphids are fought by removing weeds, spraying with soapy water (200 g of grated soap per 10 liters of water) or 10% karbofos in a proportion of 60 g per 10 liters of water.
Spraying a spider mite is helped by spraying with onion infusion of 200 g of husk per 10 liters of water or 20% chloroethanol solution (20 g per 10 liters of water).
Harvesting and storage conditions for pumpkin
To prevent the pumpkin from spoiling in the garden, you need to harvest the crop on time. The moment of ripening can be recognized by the following signs:
- The peduncle becomes rough and lumpy
- Foliage and whips turn yellow and dry
- The skin coarsens and takes on the typical pattern of the variety.
It is necessary to harvest before stable frosts. Pumpkin pruning occurs with a stalk up to 6 cm. The cut fruits are placed in a dry, warm room. For a week, the pumpkins ripen, and the stalk dries up.
Storing pumpkin in a heated room
At the onset of frost, unripe, unpicked pumpkins are mulched with straw or agrofibre.
Compliance with all the conditions and rules for caring for a pumpkin will allow you to grow a rich harvest. Delicious and healthy vegetables can be stored well until the New Year without any processing. Pumpkin can be used for main dishes, desserts, soups, canned, or used as a Halloween lantern.