Planting an apricot
Apricot is a beloved fruit tree by many, preferring to grow in warm climates with lots of sunlight and warmth. The heat-loving culture is cold-resistant and can withstand frosty winters with temperatures up to 25 degrees below zero. In order for a tree to produce a large number of fruits, it is necessary to choose varieties for planting taking into account local climatic conditions, since the same plant can differ in abundance of harvest and winter hardiness in different regions.
For example, such varieties as "Alyosha", "Triumph Severny", "Lel" and "Michurinets" are more suitable for growing in the Moscow region. And "Piquant", "Chelyabinsky Early" and "Snezhinsky" will feel great in the Ural climate.
Weather surprises in the Urals and central Russia can harm apricots with unexpected return frosts, which damage fruit buds and the root collar of young apricot trees. This must be taken into account when choosing a planting site for fruit crops. The site should be located in a low elevation in the open sun, but it should be protected from cold and strong gusts of wind. It is also very important that the groundwater is located at a great depth, away from the roots of apricot stands.
When purchasing an apricot seedling, you need to know exactly everything about the time and rules of planting, as well as the detailed details of the planting process itself.
How to plant an apricot correctly
Optimal planting time
Apricot seedlings can be planted in early spring or early fall if the root system is open. A favorable time for spring planting is early April, for autumn planting - all September. With a closed horse system of seedlings, the planting process can be carried out from the beginning of May to the end of October.
Planting scheme for young apricots
Experienced gardeners recommend purchasing seedlings at the age of one or two years. When planting apricot trees in rows, it is necessary to observe a row spacing of about six and a half - 7 m and a distance between seedlings - from 3 to 5 m.This scheme is very important, because fruit trees in mature age have a rather lush crown and an even wider root part.
How to prepare a landing pit
For autumn planting, pits are prepared in spring, and for spring - in autumn. The size of the landing pit is 70 cm on each side and 50 cm in depth. For each pit, you need to prepare a wooden peg, which will further serve as a support for the young apricot. It must be installed in the center of the pit, and then a drainage layer consisting of a small amount of gravel and small stones is poured onto the bottom.
Further, the prepared soil mixture should be poured into the pit with a slide so that it (the slide) rises slightly above ground level. Its composition: river sand, peat, clay (in equal proportions), as well as a small amount of lime flour, compost and rotted manure. It is not recommended to use inorganic fertilizing during planting.
On the day of planting, you need to make a depression in the soil slide, fill it with water and put the seedling there, carefully straightening its root system. After that, you need to tie the tree to a support (wooden peg) and cover it with earth, leaving the root collar of the seedling about 3-4 cm above ground level. Then it is necessary to form a near-stem circle around the apricot, and the soil along the edges of the planting pit needs to be slightly compacted.
Apricot seedling care
With a poorly developed root part of the tree, it is recommended to carry out a small pruning of young branches.
Loosening of the soil and destruction of weeds in the near-trunk circles should be carried out regularly.
It is necessary to water the apricot abundantly from May to July, and then the volume of watering is gradually reduced and by mid-September it stops completely.
Features of apricot. Planting and caring for apricots
Planting apricots in spring naturally begins with soil preparation. Despite the fact that the plant is unpretentious to the soil and takes root in almost any, nevertheless, some nuances should be taken into account. The groundwater level should not be high, which means that the location in the lowland will become undesirable. Otherwise, decay of the rhizome cannot be avoided. A sufficiently illuminated hill, sheltered from cold winds, will be optimal for the seedling. Even a high hedge can provide shelter from gusts of wind.
Planting apricots in spring should be done in fairly light, well-ventilated soil. Preference should be given to loamy soil. Clay and heavy loamy soil is categorically unsuitable. It is necessary to choose and prepare a place for planting in the fall. A hole is dug up to a depth and width of half a meter or more. The correct size of the hole will allow the seedling to develop its root system and become a good base for the future tree.
Description of the Shalakh variety
The tree is of medium size, the crown is wide, rounded, but not dense, therefore, the branches are rarefied inside, usually the formation concerns only the outer part of the crown. The branches are large, thick, curved. The flowers are not small, creamy with a light pink tint. Leaves are heart-shaped, green.
The fruits of the apricot Shalah are large, each weighing in the range of 50-60 grams
The fruits of the apricot Shalah are large, each weighing in the range of 50-60 grams. The color is yellow, red blush occurs, but not often. The shape is always only oval. The pulp is yellow-orange, much brighter than the rind, fleshy, dense. The taste is pleasant, slightly sour, but more sweet and very aromatic.
How to plant an apricot correctly?
In the southern regions, apricots are usually planted in the fall. At the same time, the plant has a lot of time to gain a foothold in the ground, begin development and go into the dormant stage in time. But if the seedling is planted in the northern and middle latitudes, it is necessary to plant in the spring. The risk in this case is not justified, especially if the variety is rare.
Correct planting of apricot
Before planting, the seedling must be carefully examined. Any lesion or damage is recommended to be cut off and then coated with garden varnish. Dead roots that will no longer develop should be removed. To strengthen them, you can make a talker from the ground with the addition of Heteroauxin. Heteroauxin increases plant growth and development during the first year of life by 1.5 times! The consistency of the talker should be about the same as that of sour cream. Roots are lowered into it so that they are completely covered with earth.
Planting the apricot is carried out in such a way that its roots are level with the bottom of the pit or even slightly higher (3-4 cm). For convenience, a mound is made in the hole, on which the seedling is placed, the horses straighten it, and then they are sprinkled with prepared earth with manure from all sides. The bottom layer of soil is trampled down by 10-15 cm (but carefully so as not to break the roots), then the remaining soil is poured, but it is no longer compacted.
When properly planted, the seedling will not pull out with increased twitching. In order for the plant to withstand strong winds, it is tied to a peg installed nearby. This is done at a distance of 23 cm from the ground and at the very top. Now the plant only needs to be watered directly under the root, so that the earth is gradually compacted.
Growing from a bone assumes the same planting principle, only long before planting, you need to germinate a bone. Although some gardeners plant it directly in a hole with fertile soil. With proper watering, it will germinate until summer if planted in spring. Nevertheless, it is recommended to grow plants from seeds in a separate bed, and when the tree turns 2 years old, transplant it into a separate hole.
Apricot planting technology
After all the preparatory activities, planting work is carried out as follows:
- The roots of the apricot seedling are dipped in a thick clay mash with the addition of manure.
- The tree is set in the center of the pit and the roots are carefully spread.
- The pit is filled with a nutrient substrate prepared during the preparation of the planting site.
- After planting, the root collar of a young apricot should be 5–6 cm above the soil surface.
- The soil around the tree is compacted and 2-3 buckets of warm water are poured into the trunk circle.
- After absorbing moisture, when the root collar descends to the soil surface, the seedling is tied to a pre-installed peg for stability.
Autumn planting of apricots in the south is carried out using the same technology, but they begin to prepare the planting pit 2-3 weeks earlier.
Features of the Triumph Severny variety
It is worth starting a description of the Triumph Severny apricot variety with the fact that on the Internet and literature this apricot variety is also called the Triumph of the North.
Often, the Triumph Severny apricot is grown in central Russia. However, this plant feels pretty good in northern latitudes - it can withstand frosts up to thirty-three degrees. The long winter does not bother him, and even after long warm days, he is able to withstand severe frosts. It should be noted that the apricot Triumph North, which has begun to bloom, will no longer be able to withstand such severe frosts, but small frosts will not cause big problems for its color.
The apricot variety Triumph Severny is a self-fertile apricot. In other words, this tree is capable of self-pollination.
Apricot Triumph North can withstand not only low temperatures, but also many diseases and pests. The enemies of this apricot variety are:
Description of the Triumph Severny apricot variety must necessarily contain a number of its advantages and advantages over other apricot varieties:
- Sufficiently fast fruiting after planting.
- Special and unique taste of the fruit.
- Reliable fastening of flowers and fruits to branches.
- Resistant to frost, both in severe winter and early spring.
- The ability to withstand a variety of diseases.
- The reliability of the variety among all other varieties grown in the Non-Black Earth Region.
- An aesthetically pleasing flowering tree.
Planting an apricot seedling
Buying and planting a ready-made seedling ensures a faster first harvest. However, the prices for seedlings are high, in addition, 2-3 trees of different varieties are required for abundant fruiting.
Rules for choosing planting material
When choosing a seedling, you should focus on:
- the presence of a vaccination - the vaccination is the guarantor of obtaining a plant of the required variety, the senes do not inherit parental characteristics
- apricot variety - precisely ensures the production of fruits of a known size and taste at the right time
- the age of the seedling - the best option is to plant a 1- or 2-year-old seedling, since larger trees take longer to get sick (their death is not excluded) and temporarily stop developing
- quality of planting material - the root system should be developed, the trunk of the tree should be even, straight, with even branching
- place of cultivation - an apricot grown in a local nursery will perfectly endure the winter, while most of the southern counterparts sold on the market will freeze out.
IMPORTANT! Do not buy cheap, but dubious planting material: the harvest obtained in 3-5 years can be very upsetting if the seedling does not die earlier.
For most of the regions of Russia, spring planting is preferable.: so the seedlings will have time to settle down in a new place and overwinter. Autumn planting is allowed in the southern regions.
For an apricot seedling, choose the lightest and warmest place protected from winds on the site. The groundwater should be deep; if it is located on the surface, the tree will not grow.
The distance between the trees is at least 4 meters.
During the planting process, you should:
- Dig a hole of at least 70 cm in diameter and appropriate depth for laying nutritious light soil.
- Dip the seedling in a clay-dung mash, increasing the chances of survival.
- Place a tree in the hole without deepening the root collar and not exposing it high above the soil surface, straighten the roots.
- Gradually fill the planting hole with soil while holding the apricot.
- Water the plant abundantly, tie it to a peg.
Subsequent care of the seedling involves timely watering, top dressing, loosening, pruning, treatments with insect pests and diseases.
The choice of a method for obtaining an apricot tree is always up to the gardener: some are interested in obtaining several copies as a result of sowing seeds, others are interested in stability and a guarantee of a quick harvest.
Harvesting and processing
Fruits ripen by about mid-July, and fruiting lasts about 7-10 days. It is not worth keeping apricots on the branches for a very long time - after overripe, they quickly crumble, so the harvest is usually harvested on time.
It is recommended to eat Shalakh apricots fresh
It is recommended to eat Shalakh apricots fresh. They also tolerate heat treatment well. If you close them completely in jars, you will notice that the pieces do not fall apart. You can get good jam, jam, mashed potatoes, compotes and even preserves from the variety, but only if you find a good recipe. With a lack of sugar, the preservation will be bland, the taste of apricots will be unexpressed.