How to properly design and equip a garden alley
The combination of various landscape objects allows you to effectively use each square meter of the summer cottage, while maintaining their aesthetic appeal. For example, having successfully assembled a small garden of fruit trees and a comfortable walking path, we will get a new fresh solution - the device of a shady alley. At the dacha, a garden alley can be anything: an area for walking, children's games, friendly gatherings and tea parties, and even a place for an afternoon rest in a hammock or a comfortable armchair.
The design phase is the key to success
The arrangement of any suburban area involves the planting of green spaces - fruit and ornamental trees, shrubs, flower beds. Arranging complex alpine slides, rockeries and columbariums, we often forget about simpler landscape design solutions, such as comfortable, cozy, low-maintenance alleys.
Designing a suburban area implies the designation of all significant objects, including garden paths. As you can see, the paths connect the house with the bathhouse and the veranda, and one of them leads to the exit. Any of the marked paths can be turned into an alley by choosing suitable trees or shrubs.
The easiest way to plan an alley is at the design stage of the entire garden plot. However, if the project has already been implemented, and there is practically no free space left, we use a fallback: we turn one of the garden paths into an alley.
Thus, we will kill two birds with one stone: we will competently organize the planting of the necessary plants and save the pedestrian or transport communication that is important for the dacha.
The question often arises: how to designate green plantings on plans or diagrams? There are several ways - using pictures or legends. For example, in this diagram, all plants are marked with green circles of various shades.
To present the project visually, you can draw a few sketches or draw a simple diagram.
Alley types - from pergola to main road
Even at the design stage, you should decide on the type of planting. Considering that suburban areas have a different area, relief, style, we will consider the features of the alleys, which differ in both length and design.
An important role is played by the purpose of all summer cottages, therefore, based on the functional characteristics, two types of alleys are distinguished: main and secondary; the latter, in turn, are divided into driveways and promenades. The main alleys are characteristic of the palace and park landscape, therefore, it is inappropriate to consider them within the framework of the dacha theme, but the access and pedestrian options are good for territories of any area, even the smallest 6 acres.
Suppose a small orchard, even consisting of 10 apple or cherry trees, can be arranged in the form of a short cozy alley from the gate to the house or from the house to the gazebo. With laconic pergolas, it's even easier - they can be placed anywhere on the garden path.
Fruit trees in large country gardens are usually planted in even rows. If the garden is already an adult, you can use one row (for example, the central one) to create a beautiful flowering alley - it is enough to lay an easy path for walking
Complex structural combinations are more suitable for spacious areas, while at the dacha, a simple alley consisting of two rows of plants on both sides of the path is the best solution. The width depends on the purpose of use: the driveway for transport should be 2 times wider than the walking version, for which 1.5-2 meters is enough.
The order of planting trees along the edges of the path may also differ. There are two types of plant arrangement: symmetrical and checkerboard. The amount of light and the visibility of the surrounding landscape depends on the planting intervals. For example, the Russian estate landscape is characterized by a dense planting of trees and bushes, forming real green fences along the edges of the path.
Rarely located trees are not suitable for a limited area, while in a spacious area they will look appropriate without blocking the surrounding landscape.
If the size of the site allows, and the gate is on the opposite side from the house, you can create an extended park alley in a free style
If the width of the pedestrian (carriageway) allows, it is worth thinking about a two- or three-tiered arrangement of plants. For the outer row, large trees are used, for the middle row, undersized trees or lush shrubs, for the inner row, low shrubs, dense greenery or flowers.
When choosing this or that type of alley in the country, observe the stylistic nuances. For example, for a landscape in the Russian rustic style, spreading birches, cedar pines, dense thickets of rose hips or berry bushes - raspberries, currants, gooseberries are suitable. Slender geometric shapes are good for a regular garden - pyramidal cypresses, larch trees, poplars.
The same principle applies to the shape of the alley itself. It does not have to be straightforward, connecting, like a string, two summer cottage objects. There are curved, winding, zigzag, arched alleys, as well as those located around the circumference or along the perimeter of the suburban area.
An absolutely summer cottage option, suitable for a plot of any size - a two-tiered alley of rarely planted, decoratively trimmed poplars and lush flower beds
The creation of a shady closed-type alley requires special art: trees with dense foliage must be planted at intervals of no more than 3-4 meters, and dense thickets must be used for the lower tier.
Sometimes, creating a darkened corner requires the construction of frames, and the result is magnificent arched bersot or pergolas with flat ceilings. For the north, they are less typical, and in the southern regions they are life-saving islands in extreme heat. For the picturesque design of arched and rectangular ceilings, grapes, clematis, woodworm, honeysuckle or fragrant climbing roses are ideal.
Such a kind of mini-alley can be created by using several arches instead of trees and by planting lush flowering ampelous plants: petunia, begonia, lobelia, viola, diastia, climbing roses
How to improve a garden path?
Suppose that our beloved, but too bare suburban area lacks green spaces. You can plant trees around the perimeter, as most conservative summer residents do, but we will be smart and act in an original way - we will turn a boring, naturally trodden path into a picturesque and functional alley. Its functionality lies in the fact that we will not plant simple poplars and birches, but useful fruit plants - apple, pear and plum.
Stage # 1 - drawing up a project
The main thing in any planned event is the right start, and in our case, the preparation of the project. It is not worth arranging an alley in any ill-conceived place, because in a few years the trees will grow and create a lot of problems: they will close sunny areas with flower beds, violate the waterproofing of the pond with their roots, or divide the territory into inconvenient zones. It is necessary to choose a place that is comfortable both for plants and for the owners of suburban areas.
Making preliminary calculations, carefully study the nuances of planting and growth of all trees. The depth of the fossa, optimal planting intervals, average height depend on their individual characteristics - and as a result, the appearance of the future alley
Perhaps a path leading to a garden or a bathhouse is suitable for arranging an alley - it is nice to walk in the shade after working in the beds or a hot steam room. Another winning option is the path leading to the gate. Guests visiting the dacha will be pleasantly surprised by the unusual organization of a kind of garden.
When choosing fruit or ornamental plants, do not forget to include in the project and material for arranging a comfortable garden path in advance, especially if it is used daily
Stage # 2 - marking on the ground
Having drawn up a project, having chosen plants and material, you can start land work. They will consist of two parts: the construction of the path and the planting of green spaces. But first, it is necessary to make markings so that both the landings and the pedestrian zone occupy strictly designated places and look harmonious. Places of holes for seedlings can be marked with pegs, and the boundaries of the pathway - with a construction cord.
Park option, suitable for a spacious suburban area. Along the edges of the alley, birch trees are planted - rather tall and spreading trees, which mainly bear an aesthetic load. Get ready that you will see a similar picture only 10 years later, when the trees grow
At this stage, you can bring up the necessary materials - tiles, bricks, paving stones for the path. Perhaps it will be just sandy or pebble, but in this case, you should think about such nuances as a drain for rainwater or a low curb.
Stage # 3 - design of the pedestrian zone
To make it pleasant to move along the alley in any weather, it is necessary to take care of a comfortable flat canvas, which would maintain relative dryness even in rainy weather.
The ideal option is a paved surface - the most expensive and time consuming, but surprisingly durable and aesthetically flawless. For its design, paving stones, bricks, paving slabs, homemade concrete blocks, natural stone are suitable. Elements of different colors can be used to create beautiful geometric patterns and ornaments that will create an interesting combination with blooming greenery.
Make sure that the material of the tracks matches the surrounding objects and does not get out of style. Suppose gray and red paving stones are in perfect harmony with green spaces and with a wrought-iron fence on brick supports
The tree must be used with extreme caution, since the walkways are not entirely appropriate for the alleys, moreover, during the rain they get wet and become slippery. If you still like wood flooring, pay attention to garden parquet - a decking created especially for suburban outdoor use.
Bulk paths made of sand, pebbles or gravel look natural and casual, and their cost is also minimal.
An unusual design option for the descent, lined with wooden steps. You can beat it by planting the same green spaces on both sides - dense shrubs or tall slender trees to make a shady alley leading down
Stage # 4 - planting trees and shrubs
Trees can be planted both before and after the construction of the path, focusing on the more successful, recommended planting period. If you have chosen seedlings of fruit trees, pay special attention to their purchase: they must be healthy and equally developed. Choose a cultivar that thrives in your area and a type of rootstock that is drought tolerant.
Fruit plants for the alley are planted in the same order as for a normal garden planting. The main thing is to observe the size of the holes and the intervals that affect the light transmittance of the trees.
Apple trees, plums and pears can be planted both in spring and autumn, while cherries, peaches and apricots take root much better with early spring planting. All berry bushes perfectly tolerate spring planting; in autumn they can freeze. Many ornamental plants, such as the pyramidal poplar, are planted during one of the growing seasons, that is, in autumn or spring.
When planting fruit trees, do not forget that they require more attention than maples, birches and spruces, which do not need to be regularly looked after.
Depending on the type of trees and their growing conditions, dig holes in a symmetrical or checkerboard pattern, plant the seedlings, remembering to fertilize them, and wait patiently for them to grow. The regrown branches can be cut off, forming slender figures, balls or spreading crowns.
How to make a pergola: a quick guide
The suite of pergolas entwined with hops, roses or grapes looks just magical and is a kind of shady alley, ideal for small summer cottages. By installing a comfortable bench on the edge, you will also get a wonderful place to relax.
The size and shape of the pergola may be different, however, calculate the height of the building so that a person can easily walk inside it without bending down
From the bars we collect a couple of buildings, reminiscent of horizontal bars, installed along the path opposite each other. First, we dig in the pillars, then with the help of metal corners we mount the upper crossbeams. The top can be designed in different ways: in the form of gentle slopes or just a perpendicular panel.
We decorate the sides of the pergola with a lattice assembled from thin strips. At the base of the pillars, we install flower pots with climbing crops.
For about 2-3 years, perennials will grow, cover the entire surface of the pergola with foliage and flowers, forming a cozy shady corner.
Light trellis structures with curly flowers do not burden the site, unlike heavier oak alleys or dense green fences, so they are good on miniature sites
Which plants are suitable for alleys?
Trees, bushes and flowering crops are chosen based on climatic conditions, soil acidity, degree of illumination, relief features, etc. For example, in the northern latitudes, birches, maples, oaks, pines, spruces, bird cherry trees, hawthorns perfectly take root - they are frost-resistant trees that are not afraid of the harsh climate. In the middle lane, you can safely plant apple trees, pears, plums, cherries, which will decorate the country landscape with spring color, and by autumn they will bring a wonderful harvest.
The shady linden alley looks great, but it is more suitable for extensive countryside. Linden trees should be paid attention to summer residents-beekeepers, since linden honey is considered one of the most useful
In the southern regions, any fruit trees, shrubs and almost all types of flowering plants grow, so you can create a beautiful multi-tiered fruit-bearing alley - just one that will satisfy thrifty summer residents.
If the territory allows, feel free to experiment with decorative exotic plants and flowers, which usually decorate flower beds or mask fences.
Boxwood, which is often used for hedges or figurines, can form a beautiful classic English-style alley.
Try planting a low Daurian juniper, a warty birch tree with graceful hanging branches, or a beautifully blooming spiny hawthorn. The green-barked maple with striped bark and the long-lived thuja tree look unusual. The common mountain ash will decorate your alley in any season: in the spring - in white, in the summer - with dense green foliage, in the fall - with a fire of orange-red leaves, in the winter - with a scattering of scarlet berries.
With the help of the alley, you can profitably change the suburban area, divide it into zones or simply refine it, so do not give up this simple and useful landscape element.
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Garden alley - decoration and arrangement, territory marking and selection of plants
Any summer resident is interested in knowing how to properly design and equip a garden alley do it yourself.If you combine various landscape objects, you can use all the meters of the summer cottage with greater efficiency, while they will remain aesthetically attractive. For example, if you successfully arrange a small garden in which fruit trees grow with a comfortable walking path, you get an excellent solution - this is how you can equip a shady alley. Arranging any suburban area, its owners plant green spaces, including fruit and ornamental trees and shrubs, as well as flower gardens and flower beds.
Popular types of sites
The patio is a small cobbled open-air courtyard adjacent to the house. The beautiful name patio is borrowed from the Spanish language, and the art of decorating courtyards goes back to antiquity and the Middle Ages, when such territories impressed with their splendor and wealth - fountains and waterfalls, cages with songbirds, expensive vases, carpets and pillows.
Nowadays, the patio is considered as an element of landscape design, which allows you to equip your summer cottages with a corner of comfort and relaxation that is original in style and unique in design. The classic patio arrangement is directly against the back wall of the house. If it has a door, the convenience increases many times over: you can quickly and easily take out and bring in ready-made dishes and dishes, and, if necessary, remove furniture.
A cozy corner right at the front door is convenient for single summer residents or elderly relatives living in the country with you. Beautiful flower arrangements are pleasing to the eye, and the proximity of the door will allow you to quickly get inside the house if necessary.
If there is no possibility (or desire) to tie the patio to the wall of the house, it can be arranged in any convenient place, protecting it from prying eyes with specially erected stationary fences made of wood or plastic. Durable paving, properly selected furniture and accessories will make the patio a full-fledged additional room in which the family will be happy to spend all their free time.
For friendly meetings, which sometimes drag on well after midnight, the patio can be placed anywhere in the summer cottage by building a canopy. A prerequisite for a comfortable stay in the evening and at night is proper lighting, and it is convenient to place lamps just under the canopy.
The type of summer cottage and the material for its construction must be selected, taking into account the landscape design and the general style solution for the entire architectural ensemble. It should be a logical continuation and harmonious addition, and not look like a foreign body, getting out of the general design concept. An important criterion for choosing a design is also the functionality of the model and its attractive appearance; it must fully meet the owners' ideas about convenience, comfort, aesthetics and practicality.
In the warm season, you can have breakfast, lunch and dinner in the gazebo, breathing fresh air, listening to the chirping of birds, chirping of crickets and admiring the picturesque landscape. According to historians, gazebos more than five thousand years ago adorned the gardens of the Egyptian nobility. Gazebos for summer cottages, photo examples of which will facilitate the choice of a suitable model, are not just light, covered buildings for recreation or protection from the sun and rain, but miniature architectural masterpieces. A well-chosen model will organically fit into any style of the garden, will become the main decoration of the entire personal plot, filling it with home warmth and coziness.
Open gazebos are most popular and are domed openwork structures consisting of wooden slats or metal rods. Such gazebos are distinguished by their special refinement and grace. Open gazebos for summer cottages are the optimal solution for summer residents who spend several warm months in a suburban area. They provide excellent protection from direct rain and heat, creating the desired coolness and shade. The design of open gazebos usually comes down to installing a table and benches in the same style as the gazebo. The best decoration for this type of garden pavilion will be the climbing plants that braid the structure.
Closed gazebos are an intermediate link between the gazebo and the country house, and, in fact, are pavilions with dimensions reduced to the size of a garden gazebo. In addition to the roof, closed gazebos have lattice or solid walls. They are comfortable even in rainy and windy weather. For additional comfort, a hearth is installed - real or artificial. Heating allows the use of closed gazebos in winter.
In a gazebo of a closed type, you can arrange a greenhouse, where, even in a dull and uncomfortable autumn-winter period, you can admire a riot of flowering plants. The creation of such an oasis, of course, will require significant material investments, but everything will pay off with interest with a great mood and a regular portion of positive emotions that your brainchild will give you.
In fact, this is a huge room in the fresh air, its walls are usually made of bamboo screens, wooden battens or fabric curtains. The roof of such a site should be closed, made of polycarbonate, reeds, reeds, shingles, metal profiles or bituminous shingles. Despite the extensive parameters of such a site, its perimeter still remains free, therefore, shrubs, trees and flowers can be planted in its immediate surroundings. A table, a sofa and armchairs made of rattan are traditionally installed in the center of the platform.
Rest area under the trees
If your site has a large and strong tree with a lush crown, you can organize a recreation area under it. As mentioned earlier, even the option with a bench is acceptable - if only you yourself like it. The design of such zones is reminiscent of a park. The advantages of this location are a shade that will save you from the summer heat and the scorching sun and a crown that will shelter you from rain. Paved paths and platforms on which there is garden furniture look great, and the material for paving can be very diverse - from decorative tiles to small pebbles.
It is enough to build a platform on which to place garden furniture or a beautiful bench. Flowers are planted around the base that easily tolerate shade or pleasantly smelling plant varieties that create a unique fragrance. If there is a need to fence off the area from prying eyes, you can use a screen on which to let curly varieties of flowers.
The area of the trunk circle can be not only beautiful, but also useful. A round, hexagonal or square bench around the trunk of a tree and a table will complement a well-kept garden without requiring a separate space. The bench and the table can have a different design, differing in style and complexity of execution.
The area under the tree can be a great place for an outdoor garden gazebo. At the same time, the crown of the tree will serve as a natural canopy from the scorching sun, and if the shade does not seem enough, then actinidia can be planted - a fruiting vine weaving along the branches with large leaves that protect from the sun and small summer rain.
The terrace at the summer cottage is a convenient extension for outdoor recreation. Each of us, buying a summer cottage or a country house, wants not only to work in the garden and in the garden, but also to relax in the air for his own pleasure. And what could be more pleasant, having finished your summer cottage chores, relax with a cup of tea on the terrace or veranda of a country house and listen to pleasant music. Verandas are extensions that are more familiar to us. And very often the terrace is confused with the veranda. A terrace is an extension that is located at the floor level and can be equipped with a roof, awning or railing.
Today, terraces are no longer a sign of great luxury and have become available to all summer residents or owners of a country house. Why not arrange a wonderful cozy place for family gatherings or noisy feasts near your estate. Such an extension perfectly decorates the appearance of your site, giving it a complete look. It is here that you can fully enjoy the beauty of relaxation, far from the noisy and smoky city.
In the middle lane, bad weather can often catch summer residents in the garden. It happens that the rain does not last long, but sometimes the sky is cloudy for several days. Often, the owners build semi-open terraces in the dacha from polycarbonate or make a small canopy from another material. They cover only that part of the space where the dining table, lounger or several armchairs are located. It is very convenient to use part of the roof of the house for these purposes. If you have not started construction work yet, then this option is worth calculating. In cold autumn or winter, such structures are not very comfortable to use. But in the summertime, they help out our summer residents well, sheltering them from rain or wind.
Recreation area planning
Everyone uses the dacha in accordance with their needs, which are directly related to the psychological characteristics of a person. The zone begins to be planned with its orientation to the cardinal points. Traditionally, a good rest can be organized in the evening when the sun goes down and can create some discomfort, as if deliberately shining in the eyes. It is important to take into account the effect of the wind rose, that is, to determine the main directions of the wind. Thus, the arrangement of the recreation area should be carried out taking into account the location of the sunny and windy sides in order to correctly install all the elements necessary for recreation.
Another point that should be taken into account when planning is the ability to close yourself off from neighbors in the country in order to avoid possible interference from their side and so as not to create inconvenience for them. To do this, you can build a fence or create a hedge, or create a landscape element. It is possible to apply relief adjustments. For example, a place for hanging out can be located in a lowland, here it will be protected from the wind and will avoid problems with neighbors. On the site, you can plant undersized and dense shrubs, which will create the effect of a canyon.
The recreation area will be arranged in accordance with your taste, it will be he who will be the determining factor when the design of the recreation site will be created. At the same time, it is important to take into account that weather conditions should not influence summer cottages. When planning a place, it is important to take into account not only the construction of a roof over your head, but also the possibility of using a coating that will not only make the place more comfortable, but also set it apart from the general background of the summer cottage.
Arrangement of a recreation site includes not only large-scale work, but also planning a variety of details and trifles. A playground looks good in the evening if it is illuminated by beautiful lamps. You should not use bright lighting so that your holiday is not ruined by gnats, but lamps that have a wide variety of designs and sufficient lighting will be fine.
Leisure garden furniture
When choosing furniture for a summer residence for a specific design, professionals recommend giving preference to practicality and lightness. The materials from which the furniture is made should be easy to maintain and resistant to bad weather. Often, the owners in the country prefer to use wicker furniture, which is covered with a soft cloth or pillows for greater comfort. As for decorations, small figurines, ceramic figurines, fountains, as well as bird feeders and decorative lanterns are most suitable for the recreation area.
For the correct decoration of the patio with a variety of things, you need to choose them not only in appearance and shape, but also in terms of various operational characteristics, for example, in terms of wear resistance. Ordinary wooden furniture is not suitable for these purposes, since it will not withstand bad weather. The wrought-iron chairs and tables are quite heavy and difficult to move around if needed.
Wicker furniture may be best suited for a recreation area: it is durable and lightweight. Its material can withstand significant loads, is resistant to light radiation, and does not allow water to pass through. Of all the variety of this type of furniture for the patio, sun loungers, sofas, benches (armchairs), specially designed for the garden, are suitable. These interior elements will create a unique image that will delight the eye for many years.
One of the most functional items can be a fireplace or outdoor barbecue. Therefore, a special place must be set aside for the hearth. It is necessary to provide for lighting in the evening. For these purposes, sconces that are hung on the inner wall of the patio are well suited. You can also use figures that glow at night, which are charged during the day with solar panels. Many people choose to install special garden lights or torch-shaped lights. The choice should be stopped on the option that will not introduce dissonance into the overall appearance of the patio and will provide coziness and comfort in the evening.
Taking care of your garden is essential for a high yield. The soil should be fertilized not only before planting various crops, but also before wintering. In this case, do not forget to take into account the peculiarities of caring for each selected plant.
A variety of designs and materials for making beds
By themselves, the beds can have the most bizarre and unusual shapes. And for framing, not only purchased sheets of metal or slate are suitable, but also many improvised things, including empty plastic bottles.
When planning your garden and setting up a greenhouse, do not be afraid to fantasize to make a truly convenient and interesting site for planting plants and flowers. Here are some examples to take note of:
Everything is neat and beautiful in the yard
Rich strawberry harvest in vertical beds
It looks like you can't say that this is a vegetable garden