The Aglaonema plant is a member of the aroid family. The plant in natural conditions is found in the rain forests of the tropical part of New Guinea, the Malay Archipelago, as well as in Southeast Asia along the river banks in the lower strip of forests and plains.
Features of aglaonema
Aglaonema is an evergreen herb. The stem is short and straight, rather fleshy. There are species in which the trunk begins to branch at the base. The stem is present only in adult plants, while its formation occurs due to the flying around of the lower leaf plates. The color of the foliage directly depends on the type and variety of the plant. The form of dense leathery to the touch leaf plates are ovoid or lanceolate. They are attached to the trunk with stalks, which can be long or short. The edge of the leaves is solid, while the plate is patterned, and on its front surface there is a depressed midrib, while on the seamy side it is convex. At the top of the plant, from the axils of the leaves grow from 1 to 3 ears, which have a greenish-white veil, they are the inflorescences of the aglaonema. Depending on the type of plant, the cobs are divided into 2 types:
- thick clavate - reach 10 mm in diameter, and their length is 40 mm;
- thin cylindrical - their length is about 60 mm, and in diameter they reach 5 mm.
The fruit is a juicy berry, inside which there is 1 seed, which has a rich orange or white color. The berries ripen after 6–8 months.
Home care for aglaonema
In the wild, aglaonema prefers to grow in shaded areas. In this regard, when grown at home, the plant needs partial shade. If direct sunlight falls on the foliage, burns may form on it. If a variegated form is grown, then it will need bright diffused sunlight, otherwise its decorative effect will be lost.
In summer, the plant feels great at a temperature of 20-25 degrees, while in winter it should not be lower than 16 degrees. The plant should be protected from drafts, because they can destroy it. Also, the flower reacts extremely negatively to sudden changes in temperature.
How to water
Aglaonema is poured with exceptionally soft water. Abundant watering is carried out immediately after the top layer of the substrate dries. The plant especially needs timely watering in the spring and summer, when it has a growing season. In winter, watering is carried out a couple of days after the top layer of the substrate dries out. It should be remembered that such a flower can be destroyed by both drying out of an earthen coma and stagnant liquid in the substrate.
Such a plant needs high air humidity, which means that it needs to be systematically moistened from a sprayer and not only. If there is an excessively low air humidity in the room where the aglaonema is located, then the development of its leaf plates will slow down, and their deformation will also occur, while the tips and edges of the plates will dry out. To increase the humidity of the air, experienced florists advise, pour pebbles or expanded clay into the pallet and pour a small amount of water into it, and put a flower pot on top. Make sure that the liquid and the bottom of the pot do not touch. In autumn and winter, if the room is cool, spraying should be done with great care.
In winter, aglaonema does not need feeding. The plant should be fed from the first spring to the last summer days 1 time in 2 weeks, while it is necessary to alternately use mineral fertilizers and organic matter. The concentration of the nutrient solution should be the same as indicated on the fertilizer package.
Young plants are transplanted once a year in spring. Adult bushes should be transplanted in the same way in the spring, but much less often (1 time in 4 or 5 years). The substrate for planting such a flower should consist of humus and leafy earth, sand, charcoal and peat, which are taken in a ratio of 1: 6: 2: 2: 1. You can take a soil mixture consisting of leafy earth, peat and sand (2: 1: 1), a small amount of fine charcoal should be poured into it. To prevent stagnation of water in the ground, when planting at the bottom of the pot, you need to make a good drainage layer. This flower can be grown hydroponically.
Is aglaonema poisonous
If the juice of the bush itself or its fruits gets on the skin or mucous membrane, irritation may appear on them. When you're done with the flower, wash your hands with soap and water.
AGLAONEMA. My experience.
Propagation of aglaonema by cuttings
Aglaonema can be propagated by cuttings only after the branching of its trunk begins, or when the trunk is clearly visible after the end of the rosette stage. The stem must be cut off, as is done with the apical cutting. After that, it is divided into several parts, each of which should be 90–100 mm long, with leaf plates on each handle. Leave the cuts for 24 hours in the open air to dry and do not forget to treat the cuts with chopped charcoal. Then the cut end of the cutting must be buried 50 mm into a substrate consisting of sand and peat. The container with cuttings is removed to a warm place (from 22 to 25 degrees), if everything is done correctly, the roots should appear within 4 weeks. If the bottom heating is used during rooting, the cuttings will give roots after 20 days. In the absence of a mini-greenhouse, cuttings are recommended to be carried out in spring or summer. Once the stems have taken root, they should be planted in separate pots filled with the substrate used to plant the adult aglaonema.
AGLAONEMA (Part 3). The easiest way to root cuttings.
Growing from seeds
If you take care of this plant correctly, then it is quite possible that it will bloom in the summer. It should be noted that the veil-inflorescence is not of particular decorative value. It happens that such a plant undergoes self-pollination, as a result, ruby or orange berries are formed in it. Wait until the fruits ripen directly on the bush, after which they can be used for sowing. It should be noted that with this method of reproduction, it is not always possible to preserve the varietal characteristics of the aglaonema.
From the pulp of the fruit, you need to extract the seeds, which are thoroughly washed under running water, and then they are sown in bowls filled with a mixture of sand and peat (1: 1). You should not store the seeds, because they quickly lose their germination.
Crops must be removed to a warm place and systematically watered. The seedlings will appear relatively quickly. As soon as the first true leaf plates are formed, the plant should be cut into small separate pots. After the bushes grow up, they are transplanted into larger pots. After 3 or 4 years, you will already have developed bushes.
This plant is also propagated by dividing the rhizome, which is produced during transplantation.
- The foliage shrivels and the tips turn brown... The room has extremely low air humidity, because of this, various harmful insects can also settle on the flower. Do not forget to regularly moisten the bush from a spray bottle, and also pour water into the pan, having previously poured peat or expanded clay into it.
- Twisting the foliage... This is observed with a sharp drop in temperature or if the flower has been exposed to a draft. As a rule, in addition to curling on the plates, the edges turn brown.
- White-yellow specks formed on the foliage... They appear as a result of sunburn. The bush is removed in partial shade and waited until it cools down, and then its foliage is moistened with water at room temperature.
- Slow growth of the bush, foliage becomes brown... The plant was watered with cold or hard water. Water aglaonema only with water that has settled well for at least 24 hours. To soften the water, 0.2 grams of oxalic acid is poured into 1 bucket, everything is well stirred and left for 24 hours. You can also soften the water with citric acid.
Of the pests, spider mites, mealybugs, aphids, whiteflies and thrips can settle on the plant.
Types of aglaonema with photos and names
Aglaonema brilliant (Aglaonema nitidum)
This species comes from damp forests located on the plains of Thailand, Malaysia, Sumatra and Kalimantan. The height of the trunk is about 100 cm. The length of the rich green or dark green leaf plates is about 45 centimeters, and the width is ―20 centimeters. Their shape is oblong, and the front surface is shiny. The inflorescences consist of 2-5 flowers. The length of the cob is 60 mm, it is covered with a blanket of almost the same length. The berries are white.
Aglaonema changeable (Aglaonema commutatum), or aglaonema changeable
The plant is native to the Philippines and Sulawesi. The length of the straight stem can vary from 0.2 to 1.5 m. Long-petiolate leaf plates reach 30 centimeters in length and 10 centimeters in width. The inflorescences consist of 3–6 flowers. The length of a thin cob is 60 mm, it is covered with a longer greenish veil. When red fruits are formed, the bush looks more impressive. Varieties:
- warburgii - white stripes run along the lateral veins on the leaf plate;
- elegans - there is a pattern of light green color on the elongated oval greenish leaf plates;
- maculatum - on the surface of dark green elongated oval leaf plates there are white strokes.
Aglaonema oblong-leaved (Aglaonema marantifolium)
A plant native to the rainforests of the tropical regions of Singapore and the Philippines, as well as the islands of Borneo and Penang. The length of large dark green leaf plates is about 0.3 m. They have petioles reaching 0.2 m in length. Some varieties have a gray-silver pattern on the foliage surface.
Painted Aglaonema (Aglaonema pictum)
A native of the humid forests found on the islands of Sumatra and Borneo. The height of the branching trunk is about 0.6 m. The shape of the large dark green leaf plates is elongated-elliptical. On their surface, specks of gray color are unevenly located. In some varieties, these spots are colored silvery-white. The berries are red.
Aglaonema ribbed (Aglaonema costatum)
Originally from the humid forests found in the tropical part of Southwest Malaysia. This herbaceous plant has a trunk branching at the base. The length of the leaf plates is about 20 centimeters, and the width is 10 centimeters. On the surface of the green dense foliage there are specks and strokes of white color.
Aglaonema modestum, or moderate aglaonema
Originally a species from humid forests located on the slopes of the mountains of the tropical part of Indochina and the Malay Archipelago. The height of the branching trunk is about 50 cm. The oval green leaves have a blunt base and a sharp top, they reach 20 centimeters long and 9 centimeters wide. On each side of the central vein, there are several pieces of convex lateral veins. Red berries are similar to dogwood fruits.
Aglaonema HOW TO GROW AGLAONEMA. AROID
Secrets of proper care, successful cultivation and reproduction of aglaonema at home. An unpretentious, shade-tolerant plant with variegated leaves, inconspicuous flowers in the form of an inflorescence-cob and poisonous berries. In addition to its attractive appearance, aglaonemes are valuable in that they secrete special substances that kill pathogenic microbes, thus, the plant acts as a home healer.
If you are madly in love with indoor flowers, but you cannot plant them due to poor lighting, then Aglaonema is what you were looking for. This plant seems to be made for poorly lit rooms in your home. Even in the bathroom, toilet, corridor, this pretty shrub will feel great. Variegated species of domestic aglaonema need a sufficient amount of diffused sunlight, otherwise they will lose their unique decorative pattern on the leaves. Try not to let the direct rays of the sun hit the flower, as they will provoke a burn on the delicate leaves.
These plants are thermophilic, do not tolerate drafts, smoke, sudden changes in temperature. Too low temperatures and cold air will cause the leaves to curl. If the air in the room is dry, the tips of the leaves of the plant turn brown. In summer, the optimal temperature regime for aglaonema is +20 + 25 ° C, in winter - +16 + 18 ° C.
Aglaonema is very demanding for watering. The soil in which it grows and develops should always be moderately moist. Immediately after light drying of the upper layer of the soil, the plant is watered abundantly, in winter - more moderately (once a week is enough). Only soft, well-settled water, the temperature of which is not lower than room temperature, is suitable for irrigation.
The plant needs a high degree of humidity, so you have to spray it at least once a day, and even better, wash each leaf under a warm shower. To ensure regular access of moisture to the plant in the summer, the pot should be placed on a pallet with wet expanded clay. By the way, Aglaonema is the most suitable plant for growing hydroponically.
Be sure to make sure that the soil near the aglaonema does not suddenly become waterlogged. If this happens, the root system will rot, the leaves will turn yellow and become lethargic. At temperatures below + 15 ° C, as well as when watering with cold water or when over-watering, aglaonema develops unpleasant fungal infections and root rot.
Aglaonema is also good because it absolutely does not need pruning. Under suitable conditions, the plant blooms well and profusely, forming oval fruits, painted in bright saturated colors (red, yellow, white).
Aglaonema must be transplanted every few years. The older the plant, the less often it will need transplants. But regardless of the age of the aglaonema, it is very important to change the topsoil in which it grows every year. It is best to do this in the spring or summer.
It is recommended to grow the shrub in a low, wide pot. The ideal soil composition for aglaonema: 1 part leaf, 2 parts turf, 1 part sand and 1 part peat mixtures. It will not hurt to add a small amount of brick chips and charcoal to the soil. The plant thrives best and often blooms in a cramped pot.
In spring and summer, aglaonema needs to be fed with complex (mineral and organic) fertilizers for indoor plants. Top dressing is carried out several times a month. The required dose of fertilizer should reach the plant along with the irrigation water. In the autumn-winter period, the shrub does not need feeding.
Aglaonema is poisonous, so try not to contact it without gloves, or wash your hands thoroughly after caring for the plant.
Aglaonema the volatile - a guest from Asia
Aglaonema is a plant of Southeast Asia. Grows in humid forests, along river banks. Translated from Greek means "shine". Aglaonema leaves, when exposed to sunlight, begin to shine, shine.
Description of the plant
I have a variable anglaonema (changeable). It is an evergreen herb with green, variegated or slightly reddish leathery leaves.A young plant does not have a trunk, but with age, the lower leaves, falling off, form a rather thick and fleshy trunk. Leaves are oval or lanceolate. Stripes, strokes, the so-called "variegation" can be all over the sheet and along the edges of the sheet plate.
The flowers of the aglaonema are in the form of an ear, and the fruit is in the form of a berry, which ripens only after six months!
Growing conditions and features
Planting, transplanting and leaving
Anglaonema takes root very easily, grows and multiplies in conditions that are comfortable for it. Experts advise to propagate the plant by cuttings, seeds, division.
I basically propagated my flower only by division. That is, I separate part of the rhizome from the main plant with the help of scissors. I transplant it into a universal mixture for indoor plants. I always have a lot of shoots on the plant, and my Anglaonema has already settled in many houses.
There are many processes, I propagate by division
There are already two plants at home, but there are still a lot of shoots
Still small, there are practically no processes. At the pharmacy on the windowsill
I make a transplant depending on the age of the plant. If the plant is young - once a year, more mature - once every two to three years. I take a universal mixture, and spread the bottom of the pot with a layer of drainage.
In the apartment. A process from the "pharmacy" anglaonema
Watering and feeding
I water anglaonema in the same way as many other tropical plants. In spring and summer it is abundant, in winter it is moderate. The plant does not like stagnant water. Anglaonema loves high humidity. My apartment is very dry in winter and very hot. Therefore, I constantly spray and moisturize the plant. Sometimes I moisten expanded clay and put a pot on it. But in the rainy summer of St. Petersburg, my Anglaonema sometimes starts to get sick. There is little sun, little light, and the temperature in the apartment is not comfortable, not only for the flower. Therefore, the tips of the leaves sometimes begin to turn black and curl.
Cuddles in the sun
Top dressing is not often done. It is laid from spring to late summer every two weeks. In winter it is not necessary at all. Mine grows on universal soil well and without fertilizers, but once a month I still try to apply mineral fertilizer.
Some sources write that anglaonema causes irritation on the skin if the juice of a plant or fruit gets on it. I have not encountered such a phenomenon.
Aglaonema is a wonderful houseplant, looks very good in combination with other green spaces, not very moody. If you plant it at home, you will not regret it.
Aglaonema is a herbaceous and evergreen plant that naturally grows in the tropics of New Guinea and Southeast Asia. Due to its unpretentiousness, this plant has taken root well on our windowsills.
Description of the plant
Aglaonema has a straight and fleshy stem, but it becomes noticeable only in mature plants, and then only because the lower leaves fall off. Leaves can be different in color, it depends on the type or variety of plants.
The leaves themselves are elongated ovoid, from the table they grow on short or medium petioles, hard and dense to the touch.
The flowers are in the form of an ear, covered with a greenish veil on one side; they have no decorative value.
Aglaonema - species
In a window sill, this species is quite rare. The plant can grow to a height of about a meter. The leaves are green, large, reaching 40-45 cm in length, and 15-20 cm in width, have an oblong shape. Flowers are collected in inflorescences, the ear usually grows up to 6 cm, the bedspread reaches the same length.
Aglaonema is changeable or changeable
The stem of this species is straight, it can be from 30 to 150 cm long. Leaves are of medium size, bright green, grow in length from 25 to 30 cm, in width - from 7 to 10 cm. The flowers are collected in inflorescences, the cob is whitish, up to 6 cm in length, the bedspread is pale green.
Aglaonema is changeable or changeable
This species is distinguished by a decorative silvery-gray pattern on the leaves. The barrel is rather short. The color of the leaves is bright green, the leaves themselves grow from 25 to 30 cm in length and from 7 to 10 cm in width.
It is also a decorative leafy species, the leaves of most varieties are covered with whitish-silvery spots. An adult plant grows up to 60-70 cm. The leaves themselves are quite large, dark green in color.
It differs in decorative leaves, depending on the variety, the leaves can be covered or streaked with silver spots. Leaves in length can reach a size of 15 to 20 cm, and in width up to 7-10 cm.
Aglaonema humble or moderate
It can grow up to 60-70cm in height, the trunk branches well. Leaves are bright green, 15 to 20 cm in height, 7-9 cm wide.
Aglaonema growing and care conditions
Lighting and location
The plant is classified as shade-tolerant, but indirect diffused light is considered ideal growing conditions. If you are growing a variegated form, you should take care of brighter lighting. But it is worth remembering that direct sunlight is contraindicated for the plant, otherwise burns will appear on the leaves. Forms with monochromatic leaves grow well in shade and partial shade.
Germinating cuttings in water
The ideal growing conditions can be considered an ambient temperature of 20 to 24 ° C. In winter, with very moderate watering, the plant can withstand temperatures up to 10 ° C for a short time, but it is better not to allow this. The ideal winter temperature is 15-17 ° C. Do not allow the plant to stand in a draft, otherwise the immunity will weaken and the plant can get sick. Sharp temperature changes are also harmful.
Air humidity mode
For plants of this type, medium or high humidity is suitable. In the hot summer and heating season, aglaonema should be sprayed 2-3 times a week. In very dry air, the leaves of the plant lose their turgor, grow poorly, and the tips of the leaves dry out. You can provide increased air humidity by placing containers with water or trays with pebbles and water near the plant. At low ambient temperatures, spraying and humid air are contraindicated for the plant.
Germination of cuttings in the substrate
The main requirements for the soil are air permeability and the ability to retain moisture well. If you have time, you can prepare the substrate yourself. To do this, take two parts of peat and leaf humus, one part of garden soil and sand or perlite, and mix everything well. After mixing, your substrate is ready. Before planting, you should make sure that there is a drainage hole in the pot and a drainage layer 2-3 cm high.
If you don't want to mess around with preparing the substrate, you can buy a ready-made mixture for bulbous plants in the store, it is very well suited for planting aglaonema.
The plant is quite demanding on moisture, and therefore watering during the period of active growth should be abundant. Aglaonema is watered as the earthen coma dries up. In winter, watering should be reduced, the plant at this time is watered no more than once a week. For irrigation, use soft, settled water at room temperature.
In winter, the plant does not need additional feeding, which cannot be said about the period of active growth. Aglaonema should be fertilized during the spring-summer period once every two weeks, using universal fertilizer for indoor flowers. But you should use mineral and organic fertilizing in turn.
Planting and transplanting
Aglaonema needs timely transplants, like all houseplants. At a young age, plants should be replanted once a year in the spring, changing part of the soil layer. When the plant turns 3-4 years old, it will not need such frequent transplants, they will need to be done once every three to four years.
In the case when an adult plant is a good idea to add half a part of charcoal to the soil mixture, this will help to avoid further decay of the roots of the plant. You can transplant an adult plant when it is rejuvenated, for this it is enough just to bury a long stem.
When planting and transplanting a plant, it should be remembered that a drainage hole must be made in the pot and a drainage layer poured.
Aglaonema can be propagated by cuttings, seeds and dividing the bush. Seed reproduction is a rather painstaking and laborious process, and therefore it is rarely used at home.
Plants are ready to plant
Propagation by cuttings
Plant propagation can be done in adulthood. Cuttings are taken from a healthy plant after a branching period or when the trunk is exposed. The stem is cut as an apical stalk, if it turns out to be too long, it should be divided into several parts, 10 cm each. But at least 2-3 leaves should remain on each cutting.
After cutting, the cuttings are left for 24 hours, in order for them to dry out, the cut sites must be pre-treated with activated carbon powder. After the allotted time, the cuttings should be placed in the mother liquor. The mother plant is a seed box with a soil mixture poured into it. For rooting aglaonema, a mixture of peat and sand in a ratio of 1/1 is ideally considered. The cuttings are immersed in a moist substrate, about half the length, and after that it is advisable to build a greenhouse over them.
For good root formation in the mother liquor, you need to maintain a temperature of 22 to 25 ° C, with this mode, the roots will appear in about three to four weeks. Cuttings can be considered rooted if new fresh leaves appear. After a while, when the plants are finally getting stronger, they can be transplanted into separate pots.
Reproduction by dividing the bush
Such propagation is usually used when transplanting a plant. To do this, after removing the plant from the pot, it can be divided into as many parts as the plant has trunks, the main thing is that all parts are with roots. If the trunks have grown together, then they should be divided with a sharp knife. Places of cuts must be treated with activated carbon and put each cut in a separate pot.
The plant is classified as poisonous, so after all work with it, you need to thoroughly wash your hands!