Miscellanea

Tradescantia: species and cultivation

Tradescantia: species and cultivation


"Woman's gossip"

According to the horoscope, the zodiac sign Gemini (May 21 - June 21) patronizes plants: asparagus - feathery, dense-flowered, asparagus; ferns - hearty, humpbacked blehnum, ear-shaped mnogoryadnik; feathery palms, graceful callisia, purple reticulum, ivy, tradescantia zebrine. Many plants from the Kommlevye family, to which Tradescantia belongs, are considered one of the most unpretentious crops used for landscaping rooms with hanging vases, baskets and other ampel structures.

Scientific name tradescantia (Tradescantia) received in the XIX century. This plant was popularly given the nickname "woman's gossip" - because of the stems hanging from the pot, densely covered with lanceolate leaves sticking out in all directions, and so strongly intertwined with each other that it is difficult to separate them from each other, it is difficult to find the end or beginning of the branch - like the same gossip; and you don't know where that came from.

The birthplace of Tradescantia is South and Central America, where, in natural conditions, "woman's gossip" is common in the swamps of tropical forests. This plant, accustomed to wet soil and poor lighting, spreads there in all directions with its branches on the surface of the earth, strengthening with roots.

At home, Tradescantia blooms during dry periods, sometimes it is observed in indoor conditions (April - August). Inflorescence is a curl with small purple or pink (less often white) flowers, in paired curls.

In room culture, there are a very large number of rather close species (about 80) of tradescantia, which even botanists can hardly distinguish. In addition, breeders have recently created many varieties, incl. and variegated.

White-flowered Tradescantia (T. albiflora) - originally from Brazil. This is one of the most common types. The stem is round, juicy, dark green, covered with small (5-6 cm) pointed ovate leaves. The upper side of the latter is bright green, the lower one is somewhat lighter, pubescent at the base.

There are several forms. So, the form of the white-flowered tradescantia species - f.albovittata - is white-striped: leaves with white stripes on a light green background. Its whitish-green leaves have an alternate arrangement.

The latkensis form differs from the previous one in stripes not white, but pinkish. The tricolor form has pink stripes in the center of the leaf, and white stripes on the sides.

Form Aurea - with yellow leaves (golden stripes on a white background). It grows well in low light from artificial light sources.

Its shape is highly prized Rocheford silver - with white spots. This very unpretentious plant does not bloom often: its small snow-white star-shaped flowers stand out clearly against the background of foliage, it is actively used for landscaping dimly lit rooms (it is also good for north-facing windows).

Riverine Tradescantia (Tr.fluminensis) came to us from the swampy subtropics of Brazil, Uruguay, Paraguay. It is similar to white-flowered, but more graceful and bright, the leaves are somewhat darker, smaller. In this species, the stems and the lower part of the leaf surface are purple, the flowers are small, white. The plant is very shade-resistant, grows at any temperature, but regular watering and spraying is necessary.

Blossselfeld's Tradescantia (Tr.blossfeldiana) - originally from Argentina; there one plant is capable of forming huge clumps over a large area. This species has creeping pubescent stems, easily rooting in short internodes.It has rather fleshy, highly pubescent leaves (in shape from narrowly oblong to narrowly elliptical): their upper side is dark green in color with a reddish tint, and the lower side is mauve (almost purple), leaves up to 10 cm in size. mauve flowers are located at the ends of the shoots.

Have navicular tradescantia (Tr.navicularis) from Peru - a herbaceous plant with creeping stems and leaves of an ovate-navicular shape, two-row, leathery, succulent, pubescent along the edge, red flowers.

Venezuelan Tradescantia (Tr. Venezuelens). The name itself tells about where this plant comes from. In its abundant clumps, small egg-shaped leaves of a pale green color look great.

Have Virginia tradescantia (Tr. virginina) from North America - a low plant with shortened stems - narrow linear, two-rowed leaves, in which the plate is folded along the midvein, and at the top it grows together in the form of a shuttle. There are long thin hairs at the base of the leaf blade. Due to its unpretentiousness, Tradescantia requires almost no maintenance. It grows well on windows of any orientation.

But species and varieties with a striped color are better placed in brightly lit places: then the pattern takes on clear outlines. A bright location is required for good strong specimens. When a multi-colored tradescantia is placed (the upper part is green, the lower one is red, violet or purple) in partial shade, the contrast of its colors becomes more noticeable.

Plants with a uniform (green) color are not demanding on lighting and do well in significant shading (at temperatures not lower than 14 ° C).

Tradescantia is satisfied with various soil mixtures (but a light substrate with good drainage is better). The optimal composition for its cultivation is a mixture of sod and leafy soil, humus and sand (2: 2: 2: 1).

In summer, watering should be regular and abundant (excess water must drain, otherwise the brightness of the leaves decreases). The plant responds well to low rates of mineral and organic fertilizers, which are reasonable to apply with each watering (but can be fertilized once a month).

In winter, when the plant is not so active, it is watered as the topsoil dries up, but foliage is often sprayed. At this time, it is advisable to keep Tradescantia away from heating systems: it prefers cool conditions (10 ... 15 ° С), but does not tolerate drafts (cold air can cause discoloration of the leaves).

Among the pests of Tradescantia, we will name aphids, which can attack young leaves, causing them to slightly discolor. The spider mite also causes discoloration of the leaf blade, preferring rooms with low air humidity. Plants inhabited by these pests are recommended to be treated with soapy water, more often sprayed with water.

The sometimes observed browning of the tips of the leaves is possible due to damage by insects, but rather it is a lack of watering or increased dryness of the room air.

Typically, the plant is renewed every 3-4 years when it begins shedding leaves at the base. You can pinch the stems (at a length of 70-80 cm) to delay the moment when the Tradescantia begins to "go bald". But, as a rule, plants older than two years of age grow more slowly and often begin to lose their decorative effect and attractiveness, so they should be periodically renewed (replaced with younger ones).

An interesting phenomenon testifies to its adaptability and desire for survival: when the stems dry out, starting from the root, then a juicy twig with green leaves lives for a long time at the end of the dry stem. Under these leaves, which encircle the stalk at the bottom, there is a swelling ("nodule") with small root rudiments.Near the latter, transparent hairs are noticeable, which, apparently, trap water droplets, thereby contributing to the formation of roots. As soon as this nodule comes into contact with moist soil, rooting will take place.

You can just break off a piece of the shoot in 2-4 knots at the Tradescantia, but it is better to cut the branch under the knot of the stem, remove the lower end and put it in water. After 10-20 days, filamentous roots will appear, after which the seedlings can be planted in any soil.

If a cut-off branch of Tradescantia with 2-3 leaves is immediately planted in moist soil or sand, the roots will appear in 3-4 days. Rooted petioles can be planted in a long box, painted with green paint, and two slats need to be nailed along the edges. Then pull a wire between them and tie a few ropes along which to start the branches of Tradescantia. Then the plants will stretch upward, forming a green wall - a screen (sometimes up to 3-4 m high).

By the way, when the exposure and aging of the stems begins, the plant can be restored with abundant pruning. Tradescantia, growing back, quickly develops numerous leafy shoots up to a meter long.

This plant is suitable for growing in hanging vases and for decorating windows, columns and walls of any height. It looks best as a mixture of several species of plants, represented by differently colored leaves.

It is good to place Tradescantia on a flat surface as a ground cover crop, for example, when decorating a winter garden: when planted in the ground, the plant grows rapidly, forming a continuous bright green carpet with its clumps, and sometimes whole thickets with rising ascending shoots. Also, this type can decorate the surface of the soil in large vases with a large tree.

This is an excellent plant for landscaping premises with artificial lighting.

A. Lazarev, candidate of biological sciences


Chionodox

Low-growing perennial plants Chionodoxa are representatives of the Scylla genus of the Liliaceae family. To date, 6 species of such a plant are known. In nature, they can be found on the island of Crete and in Asia Minor. The name of this plant consists of 2 Greek words, which translate as "snow" and "glory, pride". People call him "snowman" or "snowy beauty". A delicate bush of chionodoxa with lovely flowers grows simultaneously with snowdrops and groves at a time when the snow cover has not yet completely disappeared from the ground.


Tradescantia: species and cultivation - garden and vegetable garden


It is impossible to imagine our table without vegetables and potatoes. They are the most important component of the diet of both the academician and the carpenter. Vegetables - a pantry of carbohydrates, protein, organic acids, vitamins, mineral salts, enzymes, and other essential nutrients. Of particular value are vitamins, which are either almost absent or present in small doses in other products. Do not rely solely on grocery stores and markets, start your own vegetable garden. Especially if you want to have fresh vegetables straight from the garden. The secrets of growing vegetables are not that difficult. Diligence, perseverance, curiosity, ingenuity will help you overcome all difficulties and become a real vegetable grower.

So, advice from specialists and experienced gardeners.

To extend the season for the consumption of fresh vegetables, early, medium and late varieties are planted. The earliest harvests in the open field can be obtained from the cultivation of perennial crops (sorrel, rhubarb, perennial types of onions), as well as from winter sowing of carrots, beets, parsley, radishes and planting onions. Early vegetables of annual crops (lettuce, cucumbers, radishes) and onions can be grown in small greenhouses in the garden.

They accelerate the development of shelters made of film or glass without artificial heating in early spring. You can grow radishes under them. They can cover sorrel, rhubarb, onions, winter crops of beets and carrots.

Vegetable plants according to biological, botanical and economic characteristics, they are classified into homogeneous groups.

Cabbage plants. There are several varieties of cabbage: white cabbage, cauliflower, red cabbage, Savoy cabbage, Brussels sprouts, kohlrabi and leafy cabbage. Almost all types of cabbage are biennial plants. Only in the second year, the planted stalks with apical buds give seeds. Plants of this group are cold-resistant, require increased moisture supply, although they do not tolerate excessive moisture (especially long-term), they are demanding on soil fertility. Cauliflower, Chinese cabbage and broccoli under certain conditions form seeds in the first year of life and are annual.

Mid-season cabbage varieties are suitable for pickling, late varieties for pickling and long-term storage. Red cabbage is not suitable for cooking, it is used fresh for salads. Cauliflower is good for boiling, roasting, and canning.

Roots. This group includes: carrots, parsnips, parsley, celery (umbelliferae family) beetroot (from the haze family) radish, turnips, turnips, rutabagas, radishes (cruciferous family) chicory (from the aster family). All root crops form seeds in the second year of life (when planted with an intact apical bud), with the exception of radishes and summer radishes, which give seeds in the first year. Without exception, all plants of this group are cold-resistant, require high soil fertility, moisture supply (especially in the period after sowing the seeds).

Bulbous plants. In this group, onions, leeks, perennial varieties of onions (multi-tiered shallots, batun onions) coexist. All these plants are cold-resistant. Onions and garlic contain many nutrients and vitamins. Onions are grown by seeds (nigella), sevkom (small bulbs 1.5-2.5 cm, usually obtained from nigella) and a sample (3-4 cm or more).

Fruit vegetables. Cucumbers, zucchini, squash, pumpkin, watermelons, melons (pumpkin family) tomatoes, peppers, eggplants (nightshade family). All these plants are very thermophilic and require highly fertile soils. Almost every year, in our conditions, to obtain these vegetables, it is necessary to use protective agents against frost and low temperatures.

Peas, beans and beans (legume family) also belong to the group of fruit vegetables. Unlike their neighbors, they can withstand low temperatures. Beans are somewhat more thermophilic than peas and beans.

Green vegetables. These are the familiar salad, dill, parsley, celery, watercress, coriander (do not be confused that we also included some of them in the group of root vegetables - remember the sayings about tops and roots), as well as other cultures that we almost not familiar and not cultivated in the middle lane. All of these crops are cold-resistant annuals, they are mainly sown with seeds.

Perennial vegetables. It is somehow unusual to call sorrel, rhubarb, asparagus, horseradish vegetables - but this is so. All these plants are frost-resistant, in one place they can grow from two to five years. Propagated by seeds and vegetatively.

Potatoes. Among vegetables it takes a special place, it is bred to obtain tubers. Potatoes belong to the nightshade family. Potato bushes are easily damaged by frost. Propagated mainly by tubers, but you can also propagate it by eyes, sprouts, dividing a bush and even seeds (this laborious work does not give the same effect as propagation by tubers).

Part garden plot that you allocate for vegetable crops should not be shaded. If possible, you should choose a free, well-illuminated area with the most fertile soil (if the soil is not very fertile, you need to patiently start creating it for many years).A common mistake of novice vegetable growers is the desire for a combined arrangement of crops, when vegetables and strawberries are placed among young apple and pear trees. As long as the trees are young, everything seems to be going well: the crowns do not shade the beds too much, there is enough light and nutrition for vegetables. But the trees quickly gain strength, grow, and then the intermediate crops fall into the shade, their yield decreases from year to year. Indeed, most vegetable crops and potatoes do not tolerate strong shading and the presence of roots of woody plants in the soil. Therefore, one of the main rules for complex gardening and horticulture - provide a place for each crop and take into account the need to subsequently carry out a competent change (alternation) of vegetables and berries. After all, a certain culture should be returned to its original place not earlier than after three years, and even better - after four or five years. To do this, you need to draw up a clear plan for the placement and rotation of crops.

The timing of the return of crops to their original place is roughly the following: cabbage - 3 - 4 years, carrots - 3, peas - 4 - 5, celery - 3, tomatoes - 3 - 4, cucumbers - 3, lettuce - 1-2, onions - 4 - 5 years.

The yield decreases especially sharply and the quality deteriorates with permanent cultivation of cabbage, beets, peas, tomatoes, cucumbers, and potatoes.

When plants are re-grown on the same soil, a decrease in yield occurs as a result of the release of physiologically active substances into the soil, which subsequently inhibit the same culture.

The most appropriate width of the beds is 1.2 m. Between the beds, paths 0.3 m wide are left. The creation of narrower beds is a waste of the land of the garden plot, wider ones - it makes it difficult to cultivate the soil, care for plants and harvest.


Features of haulteria

Gauntlets grown in mid-latitudes are not very large evergreen shrubs with high frost resistance and compact branches. Small leathery, shiny dark green leaf plates are entire margins. In late spring or early summer, pinkish-white flowers are formed that look similar to lilies of the valley; they can be collected in low-flowered inflorescences or be single. They have an exquisite scent and thin delicate petals. The inedible fruit is a berry similar to a cranberry, it reaches up to 10 mm in diameter and has a rich red, white or dark blue color. The fruits look very impressive against the background of the leaves and remain on the branches for several months. This plant is slow-growing. If conditions are suitable, then this shrub in the same place can be grown for about 50 years.


Tradescantia: species and cultivation - garden and vegetable garden

Most often, rowan ordinary grows in our gardens - a completely unpretentious and rather decorative tall tree with large feathery leaves. And in spring, rowan is no less beautiful - the tree is all in delicate lace of white flowers

The trouble is that this pest has an enviable appetite in any summer - rain or heat - it doesn't matter. Therefore, you always have to fight it, regardless of the weather.

During June, vegetables took root after sowing, planting and transplanting, and now they are actively growing. Therefore, in order to be with a rich harvest of cucumbers and tomatoes, in July it is necessary to follow the rules of agricultural technology.

Many gardeners and gardeners cease to perceive okra as an exotic culture, it becomes more popular and finds its place among the already familiar crops in our beds.

Cabbage, although it bears the title of "garden lady", but like most other vegetable crops, it often suffers from all kinds of pests.

Onions are the most common crop found in our gardens. And how many species and varieties! Some are grown for turnips, others for greens, and still others for beauty.

Spring beriberi is familiar to every inhabitant. From a lack of light and vitamins in the winter, the body weakens. Spring comes, but there is still little vitamin green: growing perennial onions and sorrel.

Cultivation of cauliflower is not much different from the cultivation of other types of cabbage, but cauliflower is more demanding on moisture and soil fertility. Cold-resistant, tolerates short-term frosts

In the spring, when the snow melts, the gardener should inspect the trees and determine if they are damaged by rodents. Minor superficial injuries do not require treatment.

When buying seeds, many gardeners are faced with low germination, this may be due to the physiological dormancy of the seeds. Some plants have a short dormancy period and germinate well without additional stimulation.

Garden crops are very demanding on the nutritional value of the soil, so the question is to fertilize or not to fertilize? - has long been resolved positively. The main task facing everyone

Spring in our north-west, as a rule, is not hasty, so sowing begins only in early May. And so I want to quickly get healthy and tasty greens to the table!

Many gardeners, when solving the issue of rejuvenating old trees in the garden, usually resort to grafting by grafting a stalk on a tree branch. But there is another method when grafting is done at the root.

Traditional tomatoes are familiar to everyone from childhood and, it seems, can no longer surprise you with anything. However, the kumato that appeared on supermarket shelves attracted attention.

Asparagus is an ornamental plant for many millennia grown all over the world, not only as a decoration for a garden or home, but also as a valuable vegetable crop. Translated from the ancient Greek "asparasso" means "violently vomiting"

In one of the magazines I read about an interesting way of growing seedlings - "in Moscow". Last year I decided to apply. Very entertaining, not difficult, not time-consuming, and most importantly - effective.

Barberry is one of the most attractive shrubs for landscaping. A variety of varieties with different leaf colors, good shearing tolerance, after which the barberry retains its shape for a long time

We have an unpretentious plant in Russia - chicory. It lives along roads, in forest glades, in meadows, along village streets, and even appears as an uninvited guest right on the crops.

The hawthorn is very beautiful in autumn. Its leaves glow with yellow and burgundy colors, drawing our attention to this useful plant. Will involuntarily be remembered

Although lagenaria has been known since ancient times and mentions of it exist in ancient Chinese manuscripts, its popularity has not diminished for many centuries. Until now, it is considered the most famous and least known culture among gardeners.

“Celery should be both your food and your medicine,” Hippocrates said. For several thousand years, this plant has served people with faith and truth. Quite a lot has been written about its benefits.

Reproduction by layering is the most affordable and simple way of reproduction, it does not require special skills and a lot of care. All types of currants (black, red), gooseberries, honeysuckle and viburnum, many vines (actinidia, grapes) reproduce by layering.

Reproduction by lignified cuttings is a simple, affordable and therefore quite common method for propagating many plants among gardeners. With this method of reproduction, there is practically one prerequisite for successful rooting.

Wasp control is not easy and time-consuming. I start it in early spring, when I see queens that have overwintered and are beginning to fly. They give rise to the wasp's nest, and it is them that I try to destroy.

Those who have been to the Crimea have seen, perhaps, in the markets flat red-purple onions, juicy, sweet and very tasty. The variety is called Yalta, and it was introduced a long time ago from Asia Minor.

Hilling helps the formation of additional roots, which not only deliver more nutrients and water, but also help the plant better anchor in the soil and not fall, for example

Both mineral and organic fertilizers can be used to fertilize grapes. Nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium, magnesium, sulfur are the main nutrients of any plant.

Let's talk about green operations that take place in the vineyard throughout the season. What are green operations? These are all actions performed by the grower with the green parts of the grape plant, which are aimed at increasing yields, normalizing the number of shoots and bunches.

The growing season of a grape plant is the period from bud break to leaf fall. The growth of the aboveground part of the bush begins at an average daily temperature of 8 ... 10 ° C, sap flow begins

In order to seriously engage in viticulture and get a good harvest of sunny berries, you need to know well the structure of the bush, as well as its needs for lighting and heat.

Recently I read a question in which a correspondent complained that raspberries do not bear fruit: on each berry there are only a few bristles, or, as they say in Odessa, “bubochk”.

As a medicinal plant, lemongrass is described in Chinese medical treatises for 250 years BC under the name "wu-wei-tzu" which means "berry of five tastes"

Fennel is a perennial spicy aromatic plant from the umbrella family, growing up to two meters in height. The homeland of fennel is the Mediterranean. The main stem is quite strong, erect, branched.

I want to share my experience in growing tomatoes. In the 20th of March, I sow seeds. First, I soak them for 12 hours in diluted aloe juice (I keep aloe leaves for 5 days in the refrigerator

There are not dozens, not even hundreds, of garden strawberry varieties in the world, and more and more new ones appear every year. Which variety to choose in such a variety of varieties in order to get an early guaranteed harvest of transportable berries with high palatability?

When I saw that the yarrow grew as a weed in the garden, I did not weed it out. As a weed, it is not very scary: although it has a powerful rhizome, it is enough to pick it up once with a pitchfork and pull it out along with the roots.

In household plots, trapping belts are mainly used not for ants, but play an important role in protecting fruit trees from pests. Belts can be dry, poisonous and sticky.

I want to share my experience of growing seedlings in cups from plastic bottles. Many times I have come across a description of these cups in the SV newspaper, and each time I wondered how it was possible, using this method once.

Every amateur gardener wants to grow a good harvest in his personal plot, dacha or vegetable garden. What to do if you have a very small allotment for gardening?

Blueberries are a very promising berry crop, the interest in which is growing rapidly. It is a short perennial shrub from the Ericaceae family with bluish leaves and delicious blue fruits.

It is well known that in winter and early spring we cannot avoid the cold and flu season. But nobody wants to get sick. There are very simple, inexpensive and time-tested remedies that can boost immunity and protect us from this scourge.

At the mention of these plants, many gardeners flinch and declare that they will never plant them in their garden. Like, they killed so many apple trees, and other trees got it.

In late autumn (November), pests and pathogens are prepared for wintering. Many insects hide in cracks in the bark, under fallen leaves, in the upper layer of the soil.

On the garden plots, lush bushes of hazel and hazelnuts are still rare, giving in the autumn their delicious fruits - nuts.Although this culture dates back thousands of years and is still very popular today

If you take nutrients from the soil for a long time and at the same time introduce an insufficient amount of them, then it becomes scarce. There are many other causes: acidity (pH) shift

Podzimnie crops are carried out in late autumn at such times that the seeds do not have time to hatch before the onset of winter. You can sow on frozen or even frozen ground (in November-December), provided that the bed has been prepared in advance.

Winter for growing cucumbers is an extreme time. Even in the warmth on the windowsill, they do not have enough light. But there are hybrids that don't care about cloudy weather.

They say that the first month of winter ends the old grief, paving the road with new happiness. In December, although it gets dark early, the day is still increasing, albeit by less than half an hour, which also inspires optimism.

Many summer residents are interested in growing and treating such a useful medicinal plant as Rhodiola rosea. I also decided to join this topic, because for many years I have been growing this amazing and healing plant.

Sea buckthorn is propagated by woody and green cuttings, root shoots and seeds. To prevent sea buckthorn seeds from losing their germination, they must be stored in a dry place.

In summer cottages, mole rats, shrews and moles live in large numbers. However, not all of them are harmful and we must fight them, we will also get acquainted with useful "underground inhabitants".

The grapevine at all times aroused an increased interest of gardeners. Even IV Michurin tried to accustom this southern culture to the temperate climate of the northern black earth.

Several types of hibiscus are grown as perennial herbaceous plants. Most often in culture there are hybrid varieties of F.N. Rusanov and their seedlings. In autumn, stems that can be more than two meters high

Anemones - tender and Apennine - are covered with dry leaves for the winter in a layer 10-12 cm thick. It is safer not to leave the crown anemone in the open field, but to plant it in spring.

It does not hibernate in this area without shelter. Since the akebia's shoots, although long, are thin and flexible, after the leaf fall, the lashes are removed from the supports, straightened in length and tied into one bundle

Unlike western thuja, the biota is less winter-hardy. In winter, on frosty sunny days, it can burn significantly from the sunny side. It is recommended (especially young plants) to shade from the winter sun with some kind of fabric

Many amateurs often have questions about whether it is necessary to cover certain plants for the winter? In this article, we will briefly talk about which plants and how to cover for the winter.

The most capricious root crop in storage is carrots. What they just do not do to protect it from rotting during winter storage. Carrots are sprinkled with sand, chalk or lime, placed in plastic bags

In recent years, residents of the southern regions of the country are increasingly complaining about the death of the potato crop during storage from voracious small caterpillars. Under the skin and inside, the tubers are completely riddled with winding passages.

In September, they continue to look after late-ripening varieties of white cabbage, Brussels sprouts, kohlrabi, as well as radishes and green crops - parsley, dill, lettuce and spinach. Warm September days are more conducive to the maturation of many vegetable crops.

Water the flowers in time, do not let the soil dry out. Spray your green pets regularly, give them a shower. Do not forget to loosen the soil after these procedures.

At the beginning of the month, continue to divide and transplant rhizome perennials (this can be done before the active growth of shoots begins).

It manifests itself on all aboveground plant organs when growing eggplant in open and closed ground. The disease manifests itself on the stems, leaves, fruits in the form of decay and mucousness of certain areas of the tissue.

Continue propagating and replanting plants.Many indoor flowers suffer from the bright spring sun and can get burns. Watch your green pets carefully, shade them with tulle or gauze if necessary.

In the spring, flower growers have a lot of things to do, and each of them is of paramount importance. All attention is now focused on the seedlings. It's no joke, fragile delicate plants grow rapidly and stretch towards the sun.

May beetle, or eastern May beetle (Melolontha melolontha) is a polyphagous pest. Distributed from Western Europe to Siberia. Inhabits mainly virgin, turfed areas of sandy loam and light loamy soils.

For several years now I have been making medicinal tea. Relatives and friends, invited to a tea party, always ask to brew my own, branded ... Perhaps, my recipe will also please the readers.

The prevalence and harmfulness of the garden plots monster is growing every year - meet the common bear (Gryllotalpa gryllotalpa), a polyphagous pest from the Orthoptera order. Her portrait is well known to everyone who had the misfortune to find a bear on their site.

Late blight is a disease of eggplant, which is the most common and harmful. It manifests itself on leaves, stems and fruits. On the stems and petioles, the spots are elongated, often merge, they are large dark brown in color on the leaves and fruits

In some hot and humid years, the disease spreads in the open field. It also manifests itself in greenhouses, especially at high temperatures in the phases of fruiting and ripening of eggplant fruits.

The disease is widespread in open and closed ground. It appears on leaves, petioles, stems, flowers, fruits. The external signs of the disease depend on the pathogen.

The less common vegetable plant, which will be discussed, is better known under the name "field salad" or "valerianella spikelet", or "veggie", the Latin name is Valerianella locusta (L.) Laterrade, synonym for Valerianella olitoria (L.) Poll.

Gray rot (Botrytis) is one of the most dangerous and harmful fungal diseases of flower crops, affecting more than 200 plant species from various families. It does not spare the most refined and refined representative of the flower kingdom - the lily.

Pumpkin is grown by many summer residents, because this vegetable is useful, and it is stored wonderfully. All winter you can cook fresh salads and juice from tender yellow-orange pulp, fried, stewed, added to rice

During the growing season, pumpkin is rarely watered, but abundantly (the soil layer should be moistened up to 40 cm). On loose light fertile soils, plants may well do without watering.

It's a pity, because its fruits are very useful, superior, especially in hot and dry summers, so our Moscow quince is healthier than the southern one.

Quince loves light and warmth, so it must be grown in the best places in the garden and well looked after, especially in spring and summer (cut and shape, water, feed, mulch, loosen the soil, etc.)

The fact is that the substances contained in raspberries are easily absorbed by the body, promote the absorption of other products, and neutralize organic acids of animal origin.

The next year, a crop is formed on last year's stems, and new replacement shoots and offspring grow from the buds on the rhizome and roots. Old stems dry up after fruiting.

The best place for planting raspberries is a flat slope, without groundwater outlets and saucers of stagnant water. The site should be well protected from winds, but without the accumulation of cold air masses.

A raspberry bush for gardening can be compact (1) or spreading (2). Many shoots can form (more than 30 per 1 m of a row or 10 per bush), the average number

A modern variety of raspberries for a summer cottage, an amateur garden, must have the following qualities: winter hardiness (in particular, the ability not to lose hardening during thaws or

During this time, the soil is depleted, weeds, pests, pathogens accumulate on the plantations, plants age, lose their resistance, and reduce productivity.

Raspberries grow successfully, bear fruit abundantly and more easily endure all the hardships with the systematic application of organic fertilizers to the soil. They are various composts and rotted manure.

Raspberry seedlings are placed in one or more rows. Distances between seedlings for single-row placement and belt cultivation 0.3-0.7 m, depending on the quality of seedlings

In the first year, for intensive use of the area between raspberry bushes, you can plant early vegetables: dill, garlic, onions, turnips, radishes, carrots, beets for summer borscht

To decorate the site, raspberries can be grown in the form of a hedge, the so-called vertical flat trellis, tunnels (4), flower beds (2), borders, rabatok, standard plants

At the end of September, while the raspberry shoots are flexible, even if the leaf fall has not ended, they are tilted to the ground, intertwined or tied to neighboring ones, pinned with pegs and hooks.

The outer cover tissues are cracked and peeling as a result of a sharp change in weather in the fall: early snow, which then melts, rain and snow, a decrease in temperature

I prefer summer, June green cuttings: seedlings can be obtained quickly, they are not infected with kidney mites and take root well. In addition, green cuttings make it possible

No other disease of fruit trees has such a destructive effect as fire blight of fruit trees. It happened that due to its strong spread, it was necessary to cut down trees

Autumn is the time to tidy up the lawn and prepare it for winter. Those wishing to get a beautiful, even fluffy grass cover next summer need to carry out a number of activities.

Vegetable crops have different requirements for organic fertilizers. The most demanding (cabbage, cucumbers, tomatoes, pumpkin, zucchini, squash). These vegetables can even be fertilized with fresh manure.

Among the most useful crops I consider beets. It has been known since ancient times in Greece, Rome and the Mediterranean countries. Beets came to Europe in the XIV century.

The tomato culture has found wide application due to its high nutritional value and versatility in the use of fruits. They contain carbohydrates, organic acids (malic, citric, etc.)

When growing seedlings from sowing to emergence, the temperature is maintained at 18-21 °. After sprouting within 4-5 days, the temperature should be 14-16 ° during the day.

The plot for tomatoes should be dug up in autumn to a depth of at least 20 cm.In the spring it is fertilized (per 10 m2: 1 kg of ash, 200 g of ammonium nitrate, 400 g of potassium salts

Preventive measures to protect tomatoes from pests and diseases include: compliance with crop rotation, timely implementation of agricultural practices, removal of post-harvest residues

Gooseberry is the most fruitful crop among berry plants. The best varieties yield up to 32 kg per bush. Gooseberry is currently experiencing a rebirth.

Plum fruits are high in calories, surpassing apples, pears, apricots, peaches, currants, raspberries and strawberries. 100 g of plum fruit contains 6 - 14 g of sugars

Nikolai Pavlovich, Moscow: "My mother-in-law recently bought a raspberry tree in the nursery. And I haven't even heard of this plant. How to grow it and can you get a harvest from it?"

Cold dew in late summer is a scourge for many vegetables, but tomatoes are especially affected. If brown spots appear on the lower leaves, and brown elongated strokes on the stems

The Moscow state has been eating cucumbers only since the 16th century. Cucumbers are native to northeastern India and were cultivated several millennia BC. Then the plants

Otherwise, Vitluf is called - a white leaf - because bleached young heads of cabbage from leaves are mainly used for food.In general, this plant belongs to the tsikorny salads.

From its homeland - the middle part of North America - the artichoke as a cultivated plant was introduced to southern Europe and North America and is widely cultivated there.

This herb will certainly be served to your table in Georgia, and delicate narrow-leaved shoots will surprise you with a spicy aroma and pungent taste. Transcaucasian cuisine is unthinkable without tarragon - as tarragon is called here.

Small nondescript fruits of this plant remain green even at full maturity. They look clearly unappetizing. But whoever tastes them once will remember this peculiar taste and strong

An interesting story happened with pineapple - a story as a result of which it began to bloom, one might say, by the will of man. But first, a few words about the features of this plant.

In the Non-Black Earth Region, watercress is promising among green vegetables. This culture was already well known in antiquity in the countries adjacent to the Mediterranean Sea. Abundance of vitamin C

This root crop is appreciated for its cold resistance and early maturity, for the fact that for the inhabitants of the northern regions of agriculture it is a source of valuable vitamins, protein substances, and mineral salts.

There are many varieties of basil, including those that have a pleasant aroma of allspice and are specially cultivated as a garden crop. Basil is widespread in Georgia

During storage, potatoes may develop dry rot. At the same time, dull brown spots with wrinkled skin appear on the tubers. The pulp under them becomes dry and rotten.

Flower buds appeared on the apple tree, and suddenly trouble: instead of swelling and blooming, they seemed to stick together with some sweetish liquid.

After all, the survival of the tree in a new place depends on this. If you have to move it over a long distance, then you cannot do without a machine or tractor.

When growing seedlings, it is very important that plants of equal strength fall on the beds: this is an indispensable condition for obtaining a high, evenly ripening yield.

In June, the time for sampling of green onions comes from seeds sown before winter. With good care at the end of the month, you can start picking onions sown in April.

Gray rot is a very annoying disease for those who grow garden strawberries. Almost every year she "collects tribute" from strawberry beds, and in some years, especially if the summer is damp and cool

So CALCIUM. With this element, not everything is completely clear. Plants absorb it in fairly large quantities, but its physiological role is not fully understood.

IRON is also one of the most essential elements. Without it, chlorophyll does not form in the leaves, although this element is not included in chlorophyll. There is a lot of iron in the soil

The method of grafting with a graft for the bark is one of the simplest. It is good when the stalk is much thinner than the rootstock branch. The cut (and the cut for a thick branch) should be even, smooth.

For seeds of heat-loving crops, there is an agricultural hardening method. Seeds swollen after soaking that have begun to function (some of them have hatched)

Many growers are aware of the benefits of cubed seedlings. Let's talk about how best to make them at home. Well-decomposed peat is the main material.

The reasons are most often the following: fresh (previous year) seeds were taken for sowing, in addition, they were not pre-warmed up; the plants in the garden are placed too densely; the beds are shaded with something

However, it is better to do this without waiting for autumn: dig up the shoots while still young, reaching 15-20 centimeters, and plant them for growing separately, in loose soil. By autumn

Tomatoes do not need to be watered too often - just once a week is enough. It is important that watering is regular, otherwise, with an uneven flow of moisture, tomatoes can get sick with apical rot.

Those who have learned how to grow them under captivity begin to pick garden strawberries two weeks earlier. Of course, there are a lot of additional troubles with it, but they pay off with an early and bountiful harvest.

Summer is just beginning, and in the raspberry plantations there is trouble: recently young shoots have appeared from the soil, and already some of them have turned black and bent down the tops.

The peculiarities of the development of berry bushes are such that they begin to bloom in the spring earlier than other plants in the garden. That is why it is important to carry out the bulk of the work required for them in the fall.

Many people are familiar with this picture: in August and September, on the shelves of shops and markets in the central regions of Russia, there are heaps of apples, in the orchards there are a lot of fruits, and business executives who are tortured by worries are trying

Digging up the garden, clearing the garden of dead foliage and grass, rolling away a stone from the path, you see how disturbed beetles, large and small, black and colored, shimmering with metal and dull, rush to flee.

In dry weather, it is necessary to clean up all wounds and cracks on the skeletal branches and boles of fruit trees, treat them with a 3% solution of copper or 5% solution of ferrous sulfate

But the June dropping of the ovaries is not at all a sign of some kind of trouble, but an inevitable physiological process when a tree naturally frees itself from unnecessary stress.

This variety, according to the famous Russian pomologist L.P. Simirenko, was bred in Saxony in the 19th century and bears the name of the originator Drogan. The variety is self-infertile (pollinators

Many of you may be surprised to learn that among the nightshades there are vines. But it is so. Bittersweet nightshade is a beautiful woody liana and belongs to the same family

The readers of the site learned about the medicinal and nutritional qualities of one of the types of scorzonera - black root, or black carrot, as this plant is often called by amateur vegetable growers, from an article by Professor A. Turova.

Many bacterial, fungal and viral diseases of vegetable crops are transmitted through seeds. Therefore, they are pickled before sowing. Etching contributes not only to the destruction of pathogens

To do this, the boles are tied with polyvinyl chloride captivity, you can use roofing roofing paper, spruce branches. Not only the bark of boles and the forks of skeletal branches are closed from hares and elk with a lapnik.

Many amateur gardeners, taking up a sprayer, think only of how to quickly destroy insects in the garden, forgetting that among them there are many useful ones - the gardener's allies.

For several years now I have not used pesticides in my garden. I make do with herbal pest control products. Nature has created many plants. Possessing insecticidal properties.

We have already talked about Chinese lemongrass on the Dacha Soviets website. Many are aware of the merits of this culture from other sources as well. But from correspondence with many amateur gardeners I know

In Eastern Siberia, in the Far East, this shrub grows wild. There is a lot of it in mountainous areas, on limestones, along river banks, in moist coniferous forests, along the edges of peat bogs.

In the middle lane at the end of March, pruning and formation of berry bushes begins. The past winter turned out to be favorable for overwintering black and red currants, so they are pruned as usual.

Premature shedding of leaves on a pear, a decrease in the annual growth of shoots, abnormal development and death of buds, a decrease in yield - this is not a complete list of the tricks of a malicious pest

The weather conditions this year in many regions have delayed the ripening of currants, gooseberries and raspberries. Naturally, the timing of post-harvest care has also shifted.

And during winter dormancy, the life of deciduous trees continues, albeit in a latent form. Respiration in dormant plants is comparatively intense even in severe frosts.

With what impatience the gardeners await the harvest! And now he is ripe.It is good when the berries are whole, fragrant, juicy: and for them to always be like this, the berry growers need good care.

The weather is known to have a strong effect on fruit plants. For successful horticulture, it is necessary to solve not only the issues of improving the general production culture

Polina Lebedeva, Bryansk: "An old pear with beautiful, tasty, well-stored fruits grows in our garden. Is it possible to cut it for rejuvenation by forming a new tree from the growth that has appeared on the trunk?"

Will cherries bloom and bear fruit today? Alas, successful seasons are less and less common. And she gives a good harvest only with skillful tree care from early spring!

Cherries are infected with coccomycosis. The main symptom of coccomycosis on cherries is spotted leaves (Fig. 2). Sick trees completely lose their green outfit by the beginning of August.

Petr Bolyshev, Solnechnogorsk, Moscow region: "I bought a plot, and with it a monster that lives in the soil - dark brown, about 5 cm long, hairy, with front legs like pincers.

If in the past you have had failures with eggplant, but you risked growing the seedlings of these healthy and tasty vegetables again, try this time to take into account all your previous mistakes and get a good harvest.

Everybody knows that the home clothes moth is the enemy of woolen and fur products. However, many of its relatives can be dangerous for various garden plants. One of them is apple moth.

Signs of the disease - a mosaic of alternating green and light yellow areas on the leaves - are found already a month after planting the seedlings in the ground. Such mosaic plates remain small.

The caterpillars of the ringed silkworm are very bright and catchy. They are fairly easy to spot when moving in the crown of a tree. The length of an adult caterpillar reaches 5 cm, the main background of the body is bluish-gray

From spring to late autumn, in gardens, especially in thickened ones, there are many different weevils. They eat up buds, petals, ovaries, but this is not so bad. But when will egg-laying begin?

Summer residents have long noticed: the earlier the snow melted and the warmth came, the more terrible the return cold and frost for the plants. However, from such natural disasters in late spring and the very beginning

Cabbage seedlings are already asking for a permanent place. The time of harvesting and the harvest depends on when you plant it. Whatever your nursery, but the techniques for arranging the future garden

Let us remind you that ooculent rootstocks are called oculators. In the spring, it is necessary to remove the harness from them (if they did not do this before winter) and check the survival rate of the grafted kidneys.

Temper the seedlings. On warm, quiet days, take the seedlings out into the open air, shading them from the direct sun. Gradually, over 10-12 days, reduce shading time

In the middle lane, early varieties and hybrids of cabbage (Aigul Fv Golden hectare 1432) are planted in a permanent place from late April to May 5.

Potatoes, like a vacuum cleaner, absorb a disease-causing infection. It is deposited in storage tubers, and we plant them again next year. But even such unhealthy potatoes are eaten by pests.

Gray rot (Botrytis) is one of the most dangerous and harmful fungal diseases of flower crops, affecting more than 200 plant species from various families. It does not spare the most refined and refined representative of the flower kingdom - the lily.

A reliable way to deal with the Colorado potato beetle. The Colorado potato beetle used to adapt to crop protection chemicals that were used year after year.

The copper-yellow worm-like larva of the click beetle is probably no less harmful than the Colorado potato beetle. The most dangerous are the larvae of older instars, they are especially active if the ground is wet.

Some are sure that it needs to be dug up. Others argue that grass should grow in the trunk circle - as in nature. So where is the truth? And to understand who is right

Tatyana Ogareva, Smolensk: "In the literature on the subject of summer cottages, they often write that for one tree for irrigation, you need so much water in buckets. Of course, this is convenient when there are 2-3 trees in the garden.

Proper watering for fruit trees is most directly related, because without moisture they will die. And even if they survive (many crops are very tenacious), then they will definitely not give a good harvest.

Such feeding is done, as a rule, when it is necessary to urgently "heal" the plant. If you fertilize the garden every year according to all the rules, foliar feeding is not needed.

Most summer residents plant their apple and pear trees in the spring. But recently, in books and magazines, there are more and more expert tips who recommend planting trees in the summer.

Devices for fine atomization of solutions are so different that, choosing the right one, it is easy to get confused. Several types of sprayers may come in handy

Watering in the country is a large-scale business! Plants, especially vegetables, almost like people, are 75-80% water, so they are waiting for it, rejoicing in it, grateful for every drop.

However, for a very short time, the ground under the vegetables may not remain dry, but dry. The main thing here is not to cross the critical line. Clear symptoms indicate that the plants are already suffering.

Moisture-charging irrigation (with a hose) is needed to create a moisture reserve in the soil. So water the beds before planting seedlings of vegetables in the summer. Or before filling the containers with soil.

To get a good harvest, vegetables need a large supply of moisture. The fact is that vegetables consume up to about 300 liters of water per 1 m2 per season.

Watering cans are now so different that their eyes run up. For the garden, we choose a comfortable one, and let the color, shape and other design delights become a pleasant, but not an obligatory addition.

The roots of cucumbers are weak and are located in the surface layer of the soil, which dries quickly. In addition, plants have large leaves, they evaporate a lot of water. Therefore, cucumbers are often watered by sprinkling.

Nitrogen fertilizers are applied before sowing, planting. In the second half of the summer, they are not needed, and sometimes even harm. Foliar top dressing with nitrogen fertilizers is undesirable - a lot of nitrogen is lost.

Top dressing is an addition to the diet of vegetables. If the soil is initially rich in nutrients, vegetables need not be fed. But, alas, this almost never happens in the middle lane.

It is prepared like this: the mullein is mixed with water in a 1: 1 ratio (for example, half a bucket of manure and half a bucket of water), tightly covered with a lid (this is important!) And kept warm and dark for 7-10 days

Any summer resident knows: the most unpleasant job on the site is weeding. Especially perennials such as thistle, bindweed and wheatgrass. No matter how you cut them with a hoe, they climb into the light of God.

Elizaveta Ukhova, Tver. Against powdery mildew, I spray the whips with a solution of urea (1 tablespoon per 10 liters of water). And if I don't have this fertilizer, milk diluted in water helps

If you do not go into details, the depth of loosening for herbaceous annuals is 10-12 cm, and for perennials and dwarf shrubs up to 20-30.

It has long been known to all gardeners that plants get everything they need from compost for their development. There is no exact recipe for what and how much to put in the compost heap

Even a novice summer resident knows that the land in the beds, under the bushes and in flower beds should be loose. The crust should be regularly destroyed, armed with the appropriate tool.

Tomato bushes are persistent and tenacious, they do not give up easily to infections or addictive insects. But even poisonous leaves and stems of plants do not frighten pests.

Loosening that dry watering. Summer residents are well aware of the paradox of dry irrigation, when, instead of water consumption, the soil surface is broken into small lumps. In terms of efficiency, two loosening

Cucumbers attract and attract not only people, but in general all living things.In the heat, there are insects that, although they cannot crunch green leaves, suck the juices out of the vines.

Gooseberry is a light-loving and demanding crop for soil fertility. The best place to land is well-lit, sheltered from the wind, where a lot of snow accumulates in winter.

The best time to plant gooseberries is late September - early October. Container-grown seedlings can be planted throughout the summer and fall. It is advisable to leave a distance between the plants.

In the second and third years, 350-500 g of saltpeter is introduced (half - in early spring on thawed ground, and then in mid-May). Fertilizers are scattered around the bush at a distance of 30-50 cm from the base.

Pruning is of great importance for gooseberries. Without it, the bushes become very thick in the first years, and it is difficult to work with them, to harvest, they are more susceptible to damage by pests and diseases.

Winter cold can cause great harm to ornamental, fruit and berry crops. But we must not forget that summer heat, autumn frosts and spring thaws are no less dangerous for plants.

Soon after the New Year holidays, I looked at the summer cottage and it seemed to me that the buds swelled too early on the currant bushes. Can this happen when it's still so cold outside?

For lovers of the earliest honeysuckle berry, breeders of the All-Russian Research Institute of Plant Industry made a gift - seven new varieties. These are Barballeta, Vlada, Koketka, Laura, Lenarola, Masha, Renata.

Anna Vorobyova, Tver: "What is the Dasha apple tree (some gardeners call her Dasha)? This variety is praised at sales of seedlings, but nowhere is there a description of it

Valentin Prigogine, Tver: “Last season, some strange green bug attacked my beets and almost left me without a crop. Do bugs eat beets?

Garden strawberries are planted in spring and autumn, so if you cannot thoroughly prepare the site in the near future, do not worry, but simply postpone planting until the end of August - September.

The potatoes are out of luck this year. The cold soil in the spring broke the usual planting dates, the germination of tubers was difficult, and even the pests did their job - they gladly ate the young seedlings.

Yuri Popov, Ryazan: "Please tell us about the largest and sweetest varieties of cherries that can be grown in central Russia. I want to plant in my garden, but I'm very afraid to make a mistake

Ostroumova, Moscow: “I worked at the Klinsky state farm near Moscow for many years and have my own garden plot.

In July, the gardener seems to have nothing to do in the garden. The sowing tension is over, the harvesting harvest is just unfolding - it would seem that you can take a break

Today, in our field of vision, mainly the apple tree neighbors in the orchard who have fallen asleep for the winter, and some general techniques, rules, and patterns of pruning.

So that trimming does not cause much trouble, and the work goes quickly, so that the cuts are of high quality, first of all, take care of the inventory, learn how to use it, and also fix the problems that arise.

Hardly anyone will object to the statement that potatoes are the second bread. For some today, it has become the first and almost the only food product.

When choosing varieties of potatoes for planting, it is better to give preference to domestic varieties and not only out of patriotism, but also because of common sense. They are more adapted to our climate

In summer cottages, vegetable peas are sown somewhere in the backyard, along the fence, almost near the compost heap. Yes, peas are modest and picky, but on the site they simply have no price!

In the spring, in April - May, all branches of trees damaged by frost are already clearly visible: they either do not come to life at all, or their buds open with delay. If the shoots still started to grow

Improved copulation is usually done when the thickness of the scion and rootstock is approximately the same. First, determine the branch on which you will graft the cutting. Place a blade at the grafting site

Grafting with butt is used when the stock is thicker than the cutting. First, cut the branch at the grafting site at a right angle, make a small bevel on one side of the cut. On the other side of the end of the branch

You bought a substandard drug. To avoid buying "left-handed" chemicals, contact reputable specialized stores. The market and private traders are more likely to

Fishing belts are wide strips (15-20 cm) made of straw bundles, thick paper, matting, shavings applied in rings to the trunks and thick branches of trees to destroy pests.

Experts have described about 30 types of plums. They differ in a number of specific features. The most important species is the domestic plum (Primus domestica L.). This species is rich in varieties

Real Hungarian, Renklods and Mirabelles in Russia are mainly cultivated in the Krasnodar and Stavropol Territories, the Rostov Region and the plum-growing regions of the North Caucasus

However, this requires special techniques and technologies. For those who do not have such knowledge, the optimal planting period is spring and autumn. At this time it goes down

Plants are planted quickly, protecting the roots from damage and drying. This is done as follows: fathoms are lowered into a hole, on a mound or flat surface

First, it is thinned out, removing to the base low-lying, as well as broken, intertwining, weak, diseased and low-yielding branches of all ages. Usually in such plants

Gooseberry shoot aphid. Damages leaves on young gooseberry shoots. In the spring (during the period of bud swelling), the larvae hatched from eggs that overwintered on the shoots

American powdery mildew (spheroteka) on gooseberries. The most dangerous gooseberry disease. Young parts of plants are affected: leaves, petioles, shoots, green and ripening berries.

Gardeners all over the world are attracted by strawberries with amazing, almost fabulous qualities, which in a rare combination are collected only in one: outwardly attractive, fragrant

At the end of last autumn, in November, after a long Indian summer, night frosts suddenly hit - right on the bare ground. And after an unfavorable winter, the spring return cold lasted for a long time.

I am constantly hunting for new varieties of strawberries. The year before last, the unexpected trophy was the "strawberry tree" - at least that's what a saleswoman in one of the Moscow firms called it.

Alas, our garden "princess" - strawberries are not long-lived. It is well known that the planting of strawberries has to be renewed every three to four years, giving it a new place of residence each time.

Galina Rogova, Mozhaisk: "I usually start working in the garden with sowing radishes. Are there any new varieties this year? Which ones are better to choose? What to look for when buying and sowing seeds?"

Tomatoes, peppers, eggplants, cucumbers have already been removed from the dacha greenhouse. It stands empty and dull, as if asking: “Prepare me for the next season.” How best to do this?

Soil is a special complex natural formation. The system works on the principles of self-regulation, and a person should not rudely interfere with the laws by which it develops and exists.

It turns out that in the winter cold, plants can quickly give a crop. In an apartment on the windowsill, you can get such unconventional healthy greens that you will not find in any vegetable market.

Not all plants are capable of producing fruits without pollination. In warm weather, there is usually no problem with this, insects do their job, and in cold weather, you will have to take care of pollination.

Valentina Laskina, Moscow: “I recently read in your newspaper that wild pollinating insects are much more resilient than domestic bees and better pollinate gardens, especially in bad weather.

Do you want miracle trees and unusual shrubs to grow in your garden? If so, then learn to graft plants. This will require not only skill, but also excellent, perfect tools.

For this, after planting, one or two of the strongest, most well-located shoots are left in the bush. On these shoots, all buds are removed from below up to a height of 30-40 cm.

Anna Bykova, Ramenskoye, Moscow region: "Apples, which had to be removed after a week or two, suddenly began to become covered with tiny brown spots, at first small

Vera Pichugina, Mikhnevo, Moscow region: "This spring, due to rainy weather and heavy floods, I could not sprinkle my fruit trees with anything. Instead of the expected white-pink

Gennady Zotov, Tver: "There were a lot of fallen apples this year. The trees seem to be healthy, and the fruits fall prematurely. Why is this happening?"

The pear leaves rolled into a tube are the result of the activity of the polyphagous tube-worm. This beetle is fairly widespread, but usually causes minor harm.

Many people are very worried when a tiny butterfly appears in the apartment - a clothes moth, whose caterpillars in just a season can greatly ruin the clothes stored in closets.

Vera Skvortsova, Galich: "Apple trees of summer and autumn varieties grow in my garden. This year we have a good harvest. But I don’t know exactly when to harvest the fruits. How to determine these terms

Many summer residents have transformed their vegetable garden by creating stationary raised ridges, edged with wood or other material. Growing vegetables this way not only makes work easier

Patisson is a type of bushy hard-bore (ordinary) pumpkin. They eat both young ovaries and fruits, as well as larger ones, similar to plates with a border. Their pulp, although dense, is very tender.

Summer is in full swing and gardeners are starting to harvest. Since early spring, they have been grooming and nurturing their green pets and waiting for the plants to be thanked for their care.

In recent years, many housewives have complained that the seeds of peas, beans and beans that they store at home are severely damaged by some pest, after which they are no longer suitable for food.

In the middle lane and to the north, some gooseberries and currants began to turn red in June. One would think that they began to ripen before the deadline.

To make the horseradish juicy, even and fleshy, you can plant its cuttings now, and dig up the finished roots in the fall of next season, letting them gain strength in a year and a half.

In order for actinidia and lemongrass to grow well and bear fruit, they need not only to be properly planted, but also to install supports and regularly cut the vines. Today we will tell

The American Indians called it tomato, from the Spaniards and the French came the name tomato (love apple, golden apple), but we call this culture this way and that.

Actinidia are southern subtropical plants; in their natural environment they live in Japan, Korea, China, India and other countries B, and Southeast. Asia. In Russia, actinidia are common in the Far East

Fruits and berries are essential in human nutrition. Of greatest interest are those that contain a large amount of vitamins, trace elements and other substances.

If irga does not grow on your site, then, probably, you at least have heard of korinka. So the real scientific name for cinnamon is round-leaved irga, or ordinary. But she's not quite ordinary.

We are used to the fact that apricots grow mainly in the south. Much has changed in recent years. Thanks to the efforts of breeders, they can now be grown near Moscow.

Alla Kashina, Ramenskoye: "My grown-up children planted the entire plot with flowers and beautiful shrubs, leaving only a few beds for the garden. I'm not complaining, the garden has become very beautiful

Vegetables in the room are more demanding on the soil than on the garden bed, because in a pot the plant is forced to develop a root system in very cramped conditions.Therefore, the soil must be close to ideal.

All gardeners plant dill, but not everyone grows it juicy and lush. Often, skinny bushes are cast red or yellow and bloom quickly.

The fact is that the correct preparation of the site and the introduction of pre-planting fertilizers is 50% of the guaranteed yield within 3-4 years. After all, as the people say: "The earth

Recently, more and more often in the gardens there are columnar apple trees. They almost do not form lateral branches and grow into one trunk vertically upward, therefore they are usually called columns.

Both adults and children love sweet and fragrant garden strawberries, but it's a pity that you can feast on them in the Moscow region for only a month - from the end of June to the end of July. And so you want

It is known that it is not enough to grow and collect a rich harvest, it is important to preserve it. In preserves, compotes and jams, there are not too many valuable substances for which you worked so hard all season

If you want to replenish your garden with new varieties of apple and pear, rely on varieties that are winter-hardy and resistant to diseases and pests. When choosing and buying seedlings, be very careful.

Any gardener wants to sow seedlings early in order to get, as they say, a longer run in time and, therefore, an early harvest. But if you plant it sooner, you won't end up with a hassle!

Now I'll tell you about where I sow the seeds and why. Sprouted seeds of tomatoes and peppers of the first stage, as well as all cucumbers (they don't like picking), I sow in high transparent containers

Oddly enough, but the reason for the suppression of seedlings and vegetables on the windowsill can be ordinary water with which we water the plants.

Irina Sazonova, Troitsk: “I have long dreamed of planting jasmine with strawberry aroma in the garden, I finally bought it. Last year the bush bloomed profusely, but the promised fragrance was not there.

In our article, we are talking about general cleaning of the greenhouse, so that before early planting there are no pests and microorganisms left in the soil and construction details that contribute to the development of plant diseases.

Scarce information is given in books for gardeners about sawdust. It is only said that they acidify the soil. So summer residents are afraid to use sawdust. And in vain!

There is always something missing in the room for the growth of vegetables: sometimes there is not enough space, sometimes the soil is poor, sometimes it is dark outside the window. Everyone solves such problems in their own way. You can approach this comprehensively.

It is known that on cloudy days the light intensity on the windowsill is 10 times less than that required by the plants. Due to the lack of light, the sprouts stretch out, develop much more slowly

The author of the article is candidate of agricultural sciences. Sci. Lydia Yurina explains the causes and mechanism of sunburn of fruit trees in gardens at summer cottages. The publication introduces the varieties of fruit trees included

Most often in the middle lane, varieties that are valuable in taste, but not winter-hardy enough suffer from sunburn (for example, apple varieties such as "Lobo", "Spartan", "Melba", "Biforest", "Clos")

Cherry is one of the most beloved horticultural crops; gardeners love it for its early maturity. Most of its varieties begin to bear fruit in the 3-4th year after planting, and some even from the second year.

Bolotovskaya (Sverdlovsk Experimental Gardening Station) - the variety obtained from free pollination of steppe cherry. Late ripening variety (first decade of August).

Cherry has been known in Russia since the 12th century. It was widespread in Russian orchards and has always followed the apple tree in terms of its importance. It was appreciated for its yield, delicious and healing fruits.

Common cherry is common in the European part of Russia. Its northern border is conventionally considered the line St. Petersburg - Vologda - Kirov. Limits cherry promotion to

Steppe cherry, it is also called Bushy, Siberian, Ural, Samara. The natural area of ​​its distribution from the Center of Europe through Ukraine, the Volga region, the Southern Urals to Western Siberia.

Felt cherry, or it is also called fluffy. Chinese, Ando, ​​Tomentosa. From China, it penetrated the Far East, and then into Siberia, the Urals and the European part of Russia.

Felt cherries propagate like currants by cuttings and seeds. The method of propagation by seeds is available to every gardener, while, as you know, plants are easier to adapt to new conditions.

The life span of the bushes is 12-13 years. Planting and care are the same as for currants and gooseberries. The authors had a chance to grow felt and common cherries in the Middle Lane

Sea buckthorn, say, in our suburbs began to spread back in the forties. The emergence of this culture was greatly facilitated by T.T. Trofimov.

Growing from seeds. It is better to sow seeds in spring, because during autumn planting during thaws, the seeds begin to germinate, and die in winter. But with seed reproduction about

Sea buckthorn prefers light sandy loam soils. If the soil is heavy, clayey, then before planting, it is necessary to add two to three buckets of river sand for each square meter.

Feed or not? How often do amateur gardeners ask themselves this question. And, of course, doubts are not in vain, since there is not always a need for summer feeding of fruit and berry plants.

Lettuce in Russia is cultivated everywhere: in the Far North and in the Arctic, in the south in the Middle zone. In the north, both head and leaf can be successfully grown. Its seedlings can withstand frosts down to -2 ° С

A shady seating area and a flat lawn, a small water mirror and several boulders nearby - not only will decorate the site by themselves, but will also increase the variety of plants

For an amateur who first received a plot for a garden and vegetables, its development can be a serious problem. Usually, this work should take 2-3 years.

Relief formation is the most important operation in preparing a site for planting. Those who got an area with a slope of the surface or, for example, with a ravine, should not be upset

Anatoly Kuzenko, Belgorod region: "I purchased a plot on the site of a former collective farm field. I am going to plant a garden in the spring. I have heard that all crops should be planted separately, and not alternately. Is that so?"

The beginning of the dacha harvest usually coincides with the purchase of seeds and occurs long before leaving the city. This is a very important stage in the life of a gardener, because yields largely depend on his success.

We will try to help you. It is precisely such plants, adapted to the short and cool summer, which is common in the middle lane, and not suffering from diseases, that breeders tried to create.

At the end of April, in order not to bother with sowing seeds and growing seedlings, you can immediately buy high-quality young plants of resistant varieties. The safest way to buy them is in large

Anatoly Bystrov. Taldom: We have high groundwater. In the fall, I made flower beds, holes for seedlings of fruit trees, filled them with fertilizers. Are there any features of planting and caring for plants in flower beds?

The main early spring event is spraying the plants at the very beginning of bud break. Please note that apple and pear trees may not be harvested due to weevils and other pests.

Our summer cottage village almost burned out this summer - there are peat bogs all around, and we have solid peat on our site. Is it possible to somehow change the structure of the soil?

Banding is the removal of bark all the way to the wood around tree branches. As a result of such an operation, nutrients are retained at the site of the ring, which contributes to

Pruning trees and shrubs correctly and on time will keep them healthy and look as beautiful as you want them to be. We are often completely in vain afraid to approach the plant and remove the excess.

The first one, sanitary, is simple, applies to most plants and is carried out to maintain their health. Even an inexperienced gardener can learn it. You need to start with it in any case.

Such trees take root well if they have not been outside the soil for too long. For better growth and development, root pruning is very helpful.

An experienced gardener understands: before planting something, you need to "know" the land. What is its composition, acidic or not, how many organic substances it contains, what is the density

The acidity (pH) or alkalinity of the soil is the reaction of the soil environment. The agrochemical properties of the soil and plant growth depend on this indicator. On soils with high acidity

The mechanical (granulometric) composition of the soil is the relative content of particles of different diameters in the soil. Soil contains four essential components

Soil moisture is the content of moisture in the soil in three states (solid, liquid and gaseous). Soil moisture is expressed as a percentage of dry soil mass or volume.


Caring for a pyracantha in the garden

Growing a pyracantha in your garden is easy enough. The shrub should be provided with timely watering, weeding, feeding and loosening of the surface of the trunk circle. In order to significantly reduce the number of weeding, watering and loosening, the surface of the trunk circle is covered with a layer of mulch (organic matter). It should be remembered that this plant needs mandatory pruning.

How to water

Such a crop is resistant to drought, and therefore does not need systematic irrigation. But if the plant is planted in open soil very recently, then until it takes root, it should be provided with regular watering. The established bushes should be watered only in the hot dry period, while this should be done no more than 1 time in 7 days. If the plant does not have enough water, then its foliage becomes lethargic, and the shoots begin to turn yellow and become too soft. To prevent water spreading over the site during irrigation, it should be poured into a prepared trench dug along the perimeter of the trunk circle. It should be noted that the deeper the soil is saturated with water during irrigation, the better. When the bush is watered, it is necessary to loosen the surface of the trunk circle well, and also remove all weeds.

Top dressing

Often it is not necessary to feed such a plant. The first feeding is carried out at the beginning of the intensive growth of the bush; for this, a complex mineral fertilizer with a low nitrogen content is used. The same feeding is carried out in the last summer weeks.

Transfer

Shrub transplant is performed in the same way as the primary planting. First you need to prepare a planting pit, which should be a couple of times larger than the estimated size of the root system, taken together with a lump of earth. After that, a bush is removed from the ground and placed in a prepared hole. It should be remembered that the transplanted plant must be provided with systematic, frequent and abundant watering, which will help the pyracantha to take root in a new place as soon as possible.

Pruning

Such a shrub needs systematic formative pruning. Pruning can be done throughout the season. However, experienced gardeners recommend pruning the bush for the first time in the middle of spring, the second time in the middle of autumn, and the last time in late autumn, practically in the first winter weeks. It should be understood that pyracantha and sea buckthorn need to be grown and pruned in different ways, despite the fact that these plants have external similarities.

When the shrub blooms in springtime, you should prune it at your discretion. So, if you wish, you can not cut out part of the inflorescences, after a while decorative berries grow on them. When pruning, it should be remembered that the formation of fruits and flowers is observed only on those stems that are more than 1 year old. The second time the bush should be cut in the middle of the autumn period, while it is necessary to cut out all those stems and branches that thicken the bush or shade the ripening apples, which begin to rot from this.The last pruning for the season is carried out in late autumn, while you need to cut out all excess stems, branches and foliage. During pruning at any time of the year, the stems must not be shortened more than 1/3 of the length.

If the shrub is already old, it will need anti-aging pruning, for this the bush is shortened to 0.3 m relative to the surface of the site. Remember to carry out the pruning with very heavy gloves protecting your hands because the pyracantha has many thorns. This plant can be used to decorate the wall of a building; for this, the stems must be directed along the supports in the required direction, while do not forget to fix them. In this case, the pruning of the bush may not be necessary at all.

Breeding pyracantha

For propagation of such a plant, you can use seeds or green cuttings. You can make podzimny or spring sowing of pyracantha seeds. Before sowing the seed in the spring, it must be stratified. But it should be borne in mind that plants grown from seeds cannot preserve the varietal characteristics of the parent plant.

Most gardeners prefer to propagate such a shrub vegetatively, or rather, cuttings or layering. With this method of reproduction, it will be possible to preserve the varietal characteristics of the mother plant. Such a culture can be propagated by lignified or green cuttings, while the latter give roots much faster. Cuttings are harvested in the spring during pruning. To do this, cut branches are taken, reaching a length of 15 to 20 centimeters. All leaf plates must be removed from the lower part of the cutting, then the lower cut must be immersed in a solution of an agent that stimulates root growth. After that, they are planted at an angle in moistened sand, while on top of the container should be covered with a cap, which must be transparent. Provide regular airing and watering to the cuttings. After about 20 days, the cuttings will have to take root, but they will need to be grown in greenhouse conditions for 12 months, and only with the onset of the next spring period, the grown plants can be planted in open soil. To create a hedge, seedlings from cuttings are grown in greenhouse conditions for two years.

If there is already an adult shrub in the garden, then the easiest way to reproduce it is to use layering. To do this, in the spring, you should choose several powerful, completely healthy and low-growing stems. Under the plant, it is necessary to make the required number of grooves, into which the selected shoots are then laid, only their tops should rise above the soil surface. After the stems are fixed in the grooves, they need to be covered with nutritious soil. Throughout the season, layering should be provided with regular watering and weeding, for wintering they should be covered with a layer of fallen leaves. With the onset of spring, the layers must be cut off from the parent bush and transplanted to a new permanent place.

Wintering

Some of the species of this plant have a fairly high frost resistance. For example, the narrow-leaved pyracantha grown in the Moscow region and Moscow is capable of wintering in the open field. However, in order to protect the plants from possible severe frosts and little snowy winters, the surface of the trunk circle must be covered with a sufficiently thick layer of loose leaves. If during wintering the plant suffers from frost and freezes to the root collar, then the protected roots will remain intact and the shrub will quickly recover in spring, but do not forget to cut out all damaged branches and stems during the first pruning.

Diseases and pests

Pyracantha has a fairly high resistance to diseases and pests. Quite rarely, aphids settle on such a shrub.And most often this happens if the plant is too weak due to improper care or violation of agricultural practices. Immediately after the aphid is found on the bush, it must be sprayed with an insecticidal solution; this should not be postponed until later, because insects multiply rapidly and can settle on neighboring plants or infect the pyracantha with an incurable disease.

Such a culture is also susceptible to infection with a bacterial burn, which is considered an incurable disease. In this regard, experienced gardeners recommend growing only those varieties that are resistant to this disease. Such a shrub can also infect a scab or late blight, and this also happens due to the fact that the plant is poorly looked after or does not follow the rules of agricultural technology of this culture. The plant can be cured with a solution of a fungicidal preparation, for example, Fundazole.


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