Stelvio National Park - Lombardy, Trentino Alto Adige

Stelvio National Park - Lombardy, Trentino Alto Adige


The birth of the Stelvio National Park is immediately following that of the Circeo park, having been established with Law no. 740 of 24 April 1935 and after the extension of the surface decided by the Presidential Decree of 23/4/1977, covers an area of ​​134,620 hectares in the Lombardy and Trentino-Alto Adige regions. The park is mainly privately owned and minimally public (state property) and is one of the largest Italian national parks where all the characteristic natural environments of the Alps are represented, with a great variety of landscapes and a wealth of species. animals and plants.

The fragmentation of its territory partly belonging to the Lombardy Region and partly to the two autonomous provinces of Trento and Bolzano affected its protection. In fact, the park to the north comes into contact with the Swiss Engadine National Park and to the south with the Trentino Adamello-Pressanella Natural Park. In this way, in addition to being among the largest parks in Italy, it forms the largest protected natural area in central-southern Europe.

The management was entrusted to the State Forestry Corps, until the entry into force of the DPCM of 26.11.1993 with the constitution of the Consorzio del PN Stelvio, in application of the framework law on protected areas n. 394/91, which implemented the 1974 Presidential Decree which provided for the implementation of a consortium between the State and the two autonomous provinces of Trento and Bolzano.

With the establishment of the Consortium, subject to the supervision of the Ministry of the Environment, they remain with the C.F.S. only the surveillance functions of the territories falling within the Lombardy region; on 29.9.1995 the territorial coordination of the C.F.S. for the Environment (CTA) based in Bormio (SO). The Forestry Corps of the two autonomous Provinces of Trento and Bolzano provides for the remaining parts. (DPCM 26.11.1993, art.11)

Stelvio National Park

The Stelvio National Park (Nationalpark Stilfser Joch in German) is one of the oldest Italian natural parks, established in 1935, born with the aim of protecting the flora, fauna and naturalistic beauties of the Ortles-Cevedale mountain group, and promoting sustainable tourism development in the Alpine valleys of Lombardy, Trentino and South Tyrol. It extends over the territory of 24 municipalities and 4 provinces and is in direct contact to the north with the Swiss National Park, to the south with the Adamello-Brenta provincial natural park and the Adamello regional park: all these parks, together, constitute one vast protected area in the heart of the Alps, covering almost 400,000 hectares. [1]

The mountains of the National Park

The heart of the park is the Ortles-Cevedale group, one of the largest mountain ranges in the Alps. These rock giants are covered by numerous perennial glaciers and are characterized by the alpine climate. The most famous one, a popular destination for mountaineers, is the Forni glacier, currently divided into two distinct systems due to the melting of 36% of the ice. The melting of glaciers is one of the effects of global warming, acting consciously and traveling green allows us to help preserve these natural beauties that otherwise would be lost forever.

To discover the wonders enclosed in these mountains we advise you to choose between numerous trails crossing the park. There are over 250 km of signposted routes suitable for all types of hikers.

Flora and fauna

As I told you, the ecosystems preserved in the Stelvio National Park are in themselves worth a visit for those who appreciate nature and can't wait to spot animals or plant species that you could hardly find elsewhere.

As for the Flora, dominating the landscape are the coniferous forests, which cover about a quarter of the total area of ​​the park: we therefore find larches, stone pines, spruces alternating with fewer and more isolated nuclei of silver firs. Inside the park there are also various species of mammals, including several ungulates (deer, chamois, roe deer, ibex) but also marmots, foxes, stoats, squirrels, white hares, badgers and weasels. Great is the variety of birds, present with more than 130 species, among which we find the alpine chough, the mountain francolin and some birds of prey such as theGolden Eagle and the very rare bearded vulture.

The Natural Parks of Trentino Alto Adige

What could be more beautiful than spending a day outdoors in the sun, surrounded by mountains, green meadows and the scent of flowers? Moments like this are possible in Trentino Alto Adige thanks also to his Natural parks among the most evocative of Italy. Established to preserve the most beautiful areas of the Dolomites, they are considered real natural monuments. You are spoiled for choice with ben eight parks in the solo South Tyrol : The Scillar-Catrinaccio Park, The Three Peaks-Sesto Dolomites Natural Park, the Fanes-Senes-Braies Natural Park, the Puez-Odle Natural Park, The Vedrette di Ries-Aurina Natural Park the Gruppo di Tessa Natural Park Monte Natural Park Corno, The Stelvio National Park (this is actually halfway between Trentino and Alto Adige) and two natural parks in Trentino: The Adamello Brenta Natural Park and the Paneveggio-Pale di San Martino Natural Park.


Natural Parks of Trentino Alto Adige

Here they are the 8 Natural Parks in the Alto Adige area and the 2 Natural parks in the Trentino area.

South Tyrolean Nature Parks: Three Peaks Nature Park - Sesto Dolomites

Among the best known and most representative of the Trentino Alto Adige Region, it extends in the part Oriental of the Dolomites and borders with the province of Belluno. This park boasts landscapes of unique beauty, and includes the famous and enchanting Monte Paterno (2,744 m) Three peaks of Lavaredo (2,999 m), but also magnificent lakes such as the Landro Lake, splendid coniferous forests alternating with green pastures, in short, a postcard landscape.

Natural Parks of South Tyrol: Fanes-Senes-Braies Nature Park

Among the largest protected areas in South Tyrol, this Natural Park, as the name suggests, includes the splendid Braies lake, one of the most popular destinations in South Tyrol due to its turquoise waters and the possibility of taking long walks.

South Tyrolean Nature Parks: Scilar-Catinaccio Nature Park

Born in 1974, it is the emblem of the western dolomites, in its territory there are the peaks of Sciler he was born in Catinaccio, inside there is the lake of Fié, beloved especially in summer, and the evocative landscape of the Alpe di Siusi. It includes the municipalities of Castelrotto, Fié dello Scilare and Tires al Catinaccio.

South Tyrolean Nature Parks: Puez-Odle Nature Park

The park includes the mountain group Odle with an average altitude of 2,500 m and with its spectacular pointed peaks and peaks like that of Santa Magdalena.

Natural Parks of South Tyrol: Vedrette di Ries-Aurina Nature Park

It is the one with the largest number of glaciers in all of South Tyrol. Famous for its wealth of water: you can find everywhere waterfalls, streams, streams and lakes like that of Antholz.

South Tyrolean Nature Parks: Gruppo di Tessa Nature Park

It extends between the Val Senales and the Val Passiria and thanks to the presence of glaciers it is rich in waterfalls and lakes.

Natural Parks of South Tyrol: Monte Corvo Nature Park

Among the natural parks of South Tyrol, the Monte Corvo Natural Park it is the southernmost park in South Tyrol and is the richest in terms of flora and fauna due to its lower altitude than the other parks.

Natural Parks of South Tyrol: The Stelvio National Park

As anticipated, the Stelvio National Park it is located halfway between Trentino and Alto Adige and is one of the largest protected areas in the Alps. It includes the valleys formed by the erosive action of the waters coming from the glaciers of the mountain group Ortles Cevedale almost 4,000 m high. Among forests, streams and verdant prairies, the famous is unmissable Stelvio Pass which marks the border between the province of Bolzano and the municipality of Bormio. It is a panoramic road open only in summer that leads with 34 incredible hairpin bends scattered along 22 km at an altitude of 2,758 meters with a breathtaking view.

Trentino Natural Parks: Adamello Brenta Natural Park

This is the natural park located in Trentino with an impressive number of lakes, glaciers, woods and meadows and includes the imperssoinante glacier ofAdamello and the Group of Brenta Dolomites

Trentino Natural Parks: Paneveggio-Pale di San Martino Natural Park

One of the longest-lived and among the first parks born in Italy includes the mountain ranges of Lagorai and the Pale di San Martino, with more varied environments: the pink walls of the Dolomites that contrast with the dark rocks enriched with glacial lakes, while further down the green forests and pastures of the malghe alternate

Stelvio National Park

Stelvio National Park (Italian: Stelvio National Park German: Nationalpark Stilfser Joch) is a national park in northeast Italy, established in 1935. [1]

The park is the largest in Italy and covers part of two regions: Trentino-Alto Adige / Südtirol and Lombardia, in 24 municipalities. [2]

Stelvio National Park has borders with the Swiss National Park, the Adamello-Brenta Provincial Natural Park and the Adamello Regional Park. Together, these parks comprise 400,000 hectares (1,500 sq mi) of protected natural environment. The park includes an extensive territory of valleys and high mountains, [2] ranging from 650 meters (2,130 ft) [ citation needed ] to 3,905 m (12,812 ft) in height. [2]

Video: Stilfser Joch - Stelvio Pass in 5K