How to choose a style for your garden
Finally, it's time to pick up a piece of paper, better than a millimeter one, and a pencil or felt-tip pens, in order to realize your dreams of a beautiful garden in your plan, or to fix something in an existing one, add a "zest" - what will make your garden unlike others. Everyone knows that the beauty of the surrounding landscape not only cheers up - it is healing and helps in work.
Design should start by finding your own garden style. Fortunately, most gardeners now strive not only for benefits, but also for beauty.
The style of the site is determined by its relief, illumination, the prevalence of prevailing winds and the composition of the soil. All this is first of all recorded on the plan along with the already existing plantings and buildings (mark those that you want to preserve and those that are subject to destruction).
The style and layout of the garden cannot be drawn up without taking into account the climatic zone, family traditions and hobbies of each family member. If the site is new, do not rush to plant. First of all, determine the location of the future house and the necessary outbuildings, then carry out a zonal division of the site (usually there are four zones), that is, this is the place of the future garden, it is better to place it on the north side so that later overgrown trees do not shade the rest of the site.
If this arrangement is inconvenient for you, then place the garden on the side of the prevailing winds to cut off their influence. Then in the north you can arrange a utility area with the construction of a garage or workshop.
The third zone is usually reserved for subsidiary farming: sooner or later, almost everyone will want to have livestock. Then the dacha will be able to provide not only vegetables, but also meat or milk.
The fourth area is a playground, it is located in such a place that it can be viewed both from home and from most points of the garden for your peace of mind and the safety of children.
You should not forget about your own pleasure: it can be a bathhouse, a gazebo, a place for an open fireplace or smokehouse, a decorative pond and rockery. Most often, they try to somehow combine business with pleasure: rockeries are placed in the flower garden area, the bathhouse is cooperated with the pond, and the barbecue is installed near the gazebo. The most important thing when locating buildings is to adhere to fire and sanitary standards in construction.
When the basic plan is drawn up, you can begin to define the style of your garden. Often the plan itself will tell you the most appropriate option. There are two main styles: regular and landscape.
Regular style garden is laid according to the principle of symmetry. Here, the straightness of garden and driveways, straight rows of plantings and a flower garden in an elongated rabatok style are observed. Naturally, the house project itself should be suitable for this style.
Typically, the layout of a regular garden begins with paths connecting the various zones. In general, lanes play a big role in the initial stage, and once you start mastering them, you will quickly see the benefits.
Plants in a regular garden are arranged in several ways or by combining them. The planting of trees and shrubs is always straightforward, but it can be either square-nested or staggered. The latter method significantly saves space.
You can arrange the trees with palmetto, giving them a flattened shape with the help of pruning, so that the passageways along the rows remain free, and the fruit-bearing branches are located along the row. A palmette made from red currant bushes, cut with a flat line and secured (like raspberries) with twine or wire on both sides, looks especially great. During fruiting, all the clusters are visible and the currant looks like a ruby wall.
The shape of a regular garden provides not only rectangles or squares, but also the placement of plants along the rays coming from the house, or along triangles.
Landscape style provides for the least interference with the existing landscape (although, if desired, such a style is created artificially), the main thing is the fullest illusion of the natural origin of your garden. All buildings should fit into the style as organically as possible. The style provides for a complete rejection of the rules of strict symmetry, its free layout helps to create many beautiful and cozy corners for relaxation and favorite activities even on a very small plot of land.
The landscape style provides for a slightly larger set of ornamental plants; hedges, lawns and meadows, flower beds are of great importance.
A. Kremneva, agronomist
Conifers and evergreens will become the backbone of your site. Plants in landscape design are the backbone of most garden spaces. Conifers are the stars of this group, including pines, spruces, cedars and thujas. In addition to a spectacular appearance throughout the year, conifers have a number of properties most valuable to humans. Everyone knows that these plants perfectly purify the air, filling it with oxygen and various substances that have a beneficial effect on human health.
This tool is necessary to ensure that short shrubs always look attractive and have a neat shape. If there are only a few bushes on the site, you can use manual garden shears, but for a large number of plantations, you will need a hedge trimmer, often called a landscape sculptor. Gasoline models belong to professional equipment, and units with an electric motor - battery or network, are quite suitable for the home.
If the site covers an area of more than 5-6 acres and many trees grow on it, then you cannot do without a saw. It is needed to cut down trunks and cut off diseased or dead branches. In addition, the saw is always useful for building or harvesting firewood. For domestic needs, a chain saw with a power of up to 2 kW and an engine displacement of 40 cubic centimeters is quite suitable.
Garden design: what beginners need to know and how to choose a garden style
Before you start working on your garden design, you need to decide which garden style will suit you best.
Garden magazines never tire of detailing the styles of landscape art and immediately convince us that styles are not so important when it comes to a family garden. Does it then make sense to study them? Of course have! Although it is true that it is impossible to mindlessly copy a garden design created by a gardener from a country and era far from us. Nevertheless, with the study of what other people have done, cognition of oneself as a designer begins. Comparing various design options, landings, "peeping" at the work of the best masters not only of our time, but also of the past, you begin to better understand what you like and what will be convenient for your family.
It is possible that the result of your thoughts will be the same as that of Gogol's Agafya Tikhonovna: “If Nikanor Ivanovich’s lips were put to Ivan Kuzmich’s nose. Yes, perhaps, to add Ivan Pavlovich’s homogeneity to this, I would have made up my mind immediately.” Well, everything is possible in creativity! Moreover, the harsh Russian climate imposes its own restrictions on both the range of winter-hardy plants and the materials used in garden design. Therefore, combine the elements of different styles you like and make up your mind. The main thing is that you feel comfortable in your garden.
5 golden rules for choosing a garden style
If it is historical, try to find out something about the events, life and customs of the era. Sometimes in this information come across the most valuable clues that open the eyes to your own garden and your life, giving impetus to the imagination. Perhaps, as a Japanese fencing master, you like to indulge in thought, concentrating on a certain idea? Or to delight guests with music and other sophisticated amusements like Lorenzo the Magnificent? Or learn natural secrets like a medieval pharmacist? Through books and magazines, these people will share with you their secrets of the perfect garden for this purpose.
- 2. Pay more attention to the style of space organization.
The first thing that always catches your eye is the decorative details. But they are not enough to build a garden. It is important to understand how the paths of your movement through the garden will run, where there will be open spaces, and where there will be secluded corners. Each style offers its own solution. For example, lovers of lavish feasts, the Romans, and behind them the Arabs, arranged a garden in the courtyard: why carry countless dishes with treats tens of meters from home?
The Japanese were of the opposite opinion: the teahouse, where guests were invited, was located in a remote, secluded corner. Getting to it is already a whole ceremony! In all cases, people acted very rationally, based on their beliefs and life priorities. Take their example and you.
- 3. Adapt the style to the natural conditions of your garden.
Use inexpensive local materials, replace traditional materials with more affordable modern ones. Change the balance of light and shadow if you find that shady southern gardens in our conditions will look too gloomy. Of course, there are elements specific to each style. But in practice, the color scheme, the assortment of plants are not immutable rules.
- 4. Match your choices with the needs of family members.
Children may not like all their free time to meditate in the rock garden, and the grandmother may not imagine a garden without a bed of cabbage. You can surely find a solution that suits everyone, especially since no style is worth your family well-being.
- 5. Don't be afraid to mix styles.
Relatively recently, in the vocabulary of landscape designers, the fashionable word "fusion" has appeared, meaning a mixture of styles (most often two). If you think about it, it does not contain anything new for landscape art, it is a common, even traditional practice. A garden is not a garment - it can be used for tens and hundreds of years. From time immemorial, the owners have gradually made changes to the landscape: they changed aged plants, created flower beds and gazebos in a new fashion, keeping their favorite corners unchanged. At the same time, the garden that is comfortable and reflective of the family style never looks ridiculous. Nowadays, already from the very beginning, when planning a garden, it is often conceived as a multi-style, built on a mixture of traditions. The most common options are:
- Japanese-style and high-tech elements
- modernism and exotic motives (Moorish, Japanese, Chinese garden)
- the architectural basis of the Italian garden and the vegetative "neglect" in the natural style.
Much of what is recognized as classics these days was born in this way. For example, the famous gardener Gertrude Jekyll reconstructed the image of a medieval country estate, adding romance to it: pergolas from Italian Renaissance gardens, lush flower beds. Now all over the world this style is called “cottage garden”, for many it has become the standard and synonym for the phrase “English garden”.
Formal garden: general principles of stylization
Geometric layout, often symmetrical. Leveling, terracing of the relief. Strict hierarchy: routes are divided into main and secondary ones, architectural elements dominate over natural ones. The compositions use metric rows - the repetition of exactly the same elements with equal intervals (alleys, motifs of patterns in flower beds).
Formal or regular style garden
Small architectural forms are widely used. The skeleton of the plantings is made up of several types of trees and shrubs, from which trimmed hedges, alleys, topiary figures are made.
Moorish garden: stylization
A typical Moorish garden is like an open-air hall, located, like in a well, in the courtyard of the house.
The courtyard of Saint Isabella in the Taifal Aljafería Moorish Palace, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Photo: Luis Overlander / Shutterstock.com
The main task of the Moorish garden is to provide the owners with shade and coolness. In such a garden, grass coverings are practically not used - it has a hard "floor" paved with stone or tiles, more often glazed, forming beautiful oriental ornaments. Cobalt-patterned tiles are the perfect way to accentuate the oriental flavor, and go well with terracotta.
The Moorish garden is a garden "within four walls", their decor is worth considering. For example, hanging with vines, hanging pots will look good.
It can be done in an open sunny area, next to a bright house.
Basically, patios with traditional terracotta pots or glazed bright blue ceramic vases are the most popular Mediterranean-style garden options.
Gravel garden - one of the many options for the Mediterranean style. An abundance of ceramics and walls of warm colors, plants with bluish foliage always create the atmosphere of a seaside garden.
Naturgarden or nature garden
Naturgarden aims to reunite man and nature. Plants of the local flora are especially welcome here.
Natural garden, Naturgarden
An important role is played by local trees and shrubs, ferns, grasses, natural bulbs (if tulips, then botanical). The design is focused on the native landscapes for this area, but differs from the wild nature in that the space of the naturgarden is planned and created by a person, who also cares for it.
Udolfian style, "new wave" gardens
Dutch landscape designer Pete Udolph creates such characteristic gardens that a new trend has emerged - the "Udolphian style". Udolph himself and his followers are called "new wave" designers. The famous Belgian designer Chris Giselin works in the same style. The naturalness and low-maintenance of plantings in the gardens of the new wave resemble the naturgarden style, but unlike it, they do not copy nature, but create pictures of nature suggested by the designer's imagination.
Vlinderhof, Maximapark. Utrecht, Holland. Designer: Pete Udolph
Ornamental cereals play an important role in flower beds. The formal structure of mixborders and flower beds is filled with plants of an informal, close to natural look. (Details in the article "Natural flower garden in the spirit of Pete Udolph" ) .
A country garden is as beautiful as it is pragmatic. First of all, this is the pinnacle of fruit and berry art, and flower gardens are just an addition to it.
Ornamental vegetable garden in a rural garden
The vegetable garden is an integral part of the rural garden. And it is not at all necessary to call it decorative - properly planned planting, well-groomed beds with vegetables and herbs are beautiful in themselves. Simple but profusely blooming varieties of roses, rough-textured wooden furniture near the recreation area in front of a country-style house. The center of the rural garden is a house with an adjacent yard and additional buildings.
The garden cottage is based on a medieval English country garden.
Climbing roses in the cottage garden, UK
The layout of the garden is usually landscape, although it may include geometric elements: a pond, a vegetable garden, terraces. When arranging country estates, there was a concept of "home for a garden and a garden for a home".It involves the creation of thoughtful transitional spaces: terraces, galleries, verandas. The most famous attributes of the style are the pergolas, which first appeared in English gardens thanks to Gertrude Jekyll, and the mixborder. (Read more about English gardens in the material "Gardens of England: Cotswolds" ).
Modernism aims to create a comfortable space "friendly" to the human body.
For this, unusual elements are invented, for example, a retaining wall, which can serve as both a walkway and a bench. Often the shapes of materials are dictated by the characteristics of the materials. For example, the size and shape of the pond and path - the proportions of the finished modules. The design of the garden assumes a rigid layout, but in the natural environment it does not hurt the eye. The garden uses traditional and modern coverings - porcelain stoneware, composite decining.
Art Nouveau garden in Appeltern, Holland Photo: Julia700702 / Shutterstock.com
At first glance, it may seem that the main purpose of such gardens is shocking, but this impression is deceiving.
Often, unusual colors of furniture and buildings are dictated by the ratio of clear and cloudy days in the year, the desire to expand the space or, on the contrary, make it chamber.
How to create a garden or vegetable garden
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Thinking about how nice it would be to have a fresh vegetable source for dinner? Or do you dream of looking out the window and seeing a blooming garden there? This is real! If only you had a courtyard, but the garden would not stand up! And this article will tell you where to start.
Home and Garden Care Specialist
Consider the season. The owners of Grow it Organically, a horticultural company in California, say: “The best time to create a garden is spring, when the last frost has ended. This information can usually be found in the agricultural spreadsheets for the county where you live. And if your season is long, you can start planting again in August or September. "
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